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THE WIND RISES (Japanese : 風立ちぬ, Hepburn : Kaze Tachinu) is a 2013 Japanese animated historical drama film written and directed by Hayao Miyazaki
Hayao Miyazaki
and animated by Studio Ghibli . It was released by Toho on July 20, 2013, in Japan, and by Touchstone Pictures
Touchstone Pictures
in North America on February 21, 2014.

The Wind Rises is a fictionalized biopic of Jiro Horikoshi (1903–1982), designer of the Mitsubishi A5M fighter aircraft and its successor, the Mitsubishi A6M Zero
Mitsubishi A6M Zero
, used by the Empire of Japan during World War II
World War II
. The film is adapted from Miyazaki's manga of the same name, which was in turn loosely based on the 1937 short story The Wind Has Risen by Tatsuo Hori . It was the final film directed by Miyazaki before his retirement in September 2013.

The Wind Rises was the highest-grossing Japanese film in Japan
Japan
in 2013 and received widespread critical acclaim. It won and was nominated for several awards, including nominations for the Academy Award for Best Animated Feature , the Golden Globe Award for Best Foreign Language Film , and the Japan
Japan
Academy Prize for Animation of the Year .

CONTENTS

* 1 Plot * 2 Voice cast

* 3 Production

* 3.1 Development * 3.2 Music

* 4 Release

* 4.1 Home media

* 5 Reception

* 5.1 Box office * 5.2 Critical response * 5.3 Controversy * 5.4 Accolades

* 6 See also * 7 References * 8 External links

PLOT

In 1918, a young Jiro Horikoshi longs to become a pilot, but his nearsightedness prevents it. He reads about the famous Italian aircraft designer Giovanni Battista Caproni , and dreams about him that night. In the dream, Caproni tells him that he has never flown a plane in his life, and that building planes is better than flying them.

Five years later, Jiro is traveling by train to study aeronautical engineering at Tokyo Imperial University
Tokyo Imperial University
and meets a young girl, Nahoko, traveling with her maid. When the Great Kanto Earthquake of 1923 hits, Nahoko's maid's leg is broken and Jiro carries her to Nahoko's family, leaving without giving his name.

In 1927, Jiro graduates with his friend Kiro Honjo and both are employed at aircraft manufacturer Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
and are assigned to design a fighter plane, the Falcon , for the Imperial Army . During tests, the Falcon breaks apart in mid-air and the Army rejects it. Dispirited about the seeming backwardness of Japanese technology, Jiro and Honjo are sent to Germany in 1929 to carry out technical research and obtain a production license for a Junkers G.38
Junkers G.38
aircraft. Jiro sees Hugo Junkers
Hugo Junkers
, argues with German guards and witnesses a minor Jew hunt. He dreams again of Caproni, who tells him that the world is better for the beauty of planes, even if humankind might put them to ugly purposes.

In the spring of 1932, Jiro is promoted to chief designer for a fighter plane competition sponsored by the Imperial Navy, but his design, the Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
1MF10 , fails testing in 1933 and is rejected. Disappointed, Jiro goes to a summer resort in Karuizawa
Karuizawa
to rest, where he meets Nahoko again. They become engaged, but Nahoko has tuberculosis and refuses to marry until she recovers. Castorp, a German visitor privately critical of the Nazi regime, assists in the romance before fleeing arrest by the Japanese secret police .

Wanted in connection with Castorp, Jiro hides at his supervisor's home while he works on a new navy project. Following a lung hemorrhage , Nahoko recuperates in an alpine sanatorium but cannot bear being apart from Jiro, and returns to marry him. Jiro's sister Kayo, a doctor, warns Jiro that his marriage to Nahoko will end badly as tuberculosis is incurable. Though Nahoko's health deteriorates, she and Jiro enjoy their time together.

Jiro leaves for the test flight of his new prototype aircraft, the Mitsubishi A5M . Knowing that she will die soon, Nahoko returns to the sanatorium, leaving letters for Jiro, her family, and friends. At the test site, Jiro is distracted from his success by a gust of wind, suggesting Nahoko's death.

In the summer of 1945, Japan
Japan
has lost World War II
World War II
and has been devastated by air raids. Jiro again dreams of meeting Caproni, telling him he regrets his aircraft were used for war. A group of Zeros fly past and their pilots salute Jiro. Caproni comforts him, saying Jiro's dream of building beautiful aircraft was nonetheless realized. Nahoko appears, exhorting her husband to live his life to the fullest.

VOICE CAST

CHARACTER JAPANESE ENGLISH

Jiro Horikoshi Hideaki Anno Joseph Gordon-Levitt
Joseph Gordon-Levitt

Nahoko Satomi Miori Takimoto Emily Blunt
Emily Blunt

Kiro Honjo Hidetoshi Nishijima John Krasinski

Kurokawa Masahiko Nishimura Martin Short

Castorp Stephen Alpert Werner Herzog
Werner Herzog

Satomi Morio Kazama William H. Macy
William H. Macy

Jiro's mother Keiko Takeshita Edie Mirman

Kayo Horikoshi Mirai Shida Mae Whitman
Mae Whitman

Hattori Jun Kunimura Mandy Patinkin

Mrs. Kurokawa Shinobu Otake Jennifer Grey

Giovanni Battista Caproni Nomura Mansai Stanley Tucci
Stanley Tucci

Kinu

Mae Whitman
Mae Whitman

Sone

Elijah Wood
Elijah Wood

Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
employee

Ronan Farrow
Ronan Farrow

Young Jiro Kaichi Kaburagi Zach Callison

Young Kayo Maki Shinta Eva Bella

Young Nahoko Mayu Iino Madeleine Rose Yen

Katayama

Darren Criss
Darren Criss

Flight Engineer

David Cowgill

PRODUCTION

DEVELOPMENT

Title of the film comes from the poetic line; "LE VENT SE LèVE!... IL FAUT TENTER DE VIVRE! ("THE WIND RISES!... WE MUST TRY TO LIVE!")" — Paul Valéry
Paul Valéry
, "Le Cimetière Marin" (The Graveyard By The Sea).

The Wind Rises was directed by Hayao Miyazaki
Hayao Miyazaki
, whose previous films include My Neighbor Totoro , Princess Mononoke
Princess Mononoke
, and Spirited Away . It was the first film that Miyazaki solely directed since Ponyo in 2008.

Miyazaki began to conceive a story to illustrate the life of Jiro Horikoshi in 2008. He published the story as a manga series in the monthly magazine Model Graphix from April 2009 to January 2010, with the title borrowed from Tatsuo Hori’s novel The Wind Has Risen (風立ちぬ? ). The story in the manga follows the historical account of Horikoshi's aircraft development up to 1935 (the year of the Mitsubishi A5M maiden flight), and intertwines with fictional encounters with Caproni and Nahoko Satomi (里見菜穂子? ). The scenes with Nahoko in the manga were adopted from the novel The Wind Has Risen, in which Tatsuo Hori wrote about his life experience with his fiancée, Ayako Yano (矢野綾子? ), before she died from tuberculosis. The name Nahoko Satomi was borrowed from the female protagonist of another novel by Tatsuo Hori, Nahoko (菜穂子? ). Characters frequently discuss Thomas Mann
Thomas Mann
's novel The Magic Mountain , and, in a letter to Nahoko, Jiro names his fleeing German friend "Mr. Castorp" after its protagonist. The character himself is a caricature of former Ghibli employee Stephen Alpert who returned to Japan
Japan
to voice the character.

After the release of Ponyo, Miyazaki wanted his next film to be a sequel, Ponyo on the Cliff by the Sea II, but producer Toshio Suzuki proposed to adopt the manga The Wind Has Risen instead. At first, Miyazaki rejected the proposal because he created the manga as a hobby and considered its subjects not suitable for children, the traditional audience of the feature animations from Studio Ghibli. However, Miyazaki changed his objection after a staff member suggested that "children should be allowed to be exposed to subjects they are not familiar with".

Miyazaki was inspired to make the film after reading a quote from Horikoshi: "All I wanted to do was to make something beautiful".

MUSIC

The film\'s score was composed and conducted by Joe Hisaishi , and performed by the Yomiuri Nippon Symphony Orchestra .

The film also includes singer-songwriter Yumi Matsutoya 's 1973 song "Hikōki-gumo" (ひこうき雲). Matsutoya has collaborated with Studio Ghibli before in the production for Kiki's Delivery Service, which features her songs Rouge no Dengon (ルージュの伝言) and Yasashisa ni Tsutsumaretanara (やさしさに包まれたなら). Producer Suzuki recommended "Hikōki-gumo" to Miyazaki in December 2012, feeling the lyrics resembled the story of The Wind Rises.

The Wind Rises soundtrack was released in Japan
Japan
on July 17, 2013, by Tokuma Japan Communications .

TRACKS

NO. TITLE LENGTH

1. "旅路(夢中飛行)? A Journey (A Dream of Flight)" 2:55

2. "流れ星? A Shooting Star" 1:37

3. "カプローニ(設計家の夢)? Caproni (An Aeronautical Designer's Dream)" 1:45

4. "旅路(決意)? A Journey (A Decision)" 1:12

5. "菜穂子(出会い)? Naoko (The Encounter)" 0:48

6. "避難? The Refuge" 1:20

7. "恩人? The Lifesaver" 0:46

8. "カプローニ(幻の巨大機)? Caproni (A Phantom Giant Aircraft)" 1:42

9. "ときめき? A Heart Aflutter" 0:39

10. "旅路(妹)? A Journey (Jiro's Sister)" 1:33

11. "旅路(初出社)? A Journey (First Day at Work)" 1:28

12. "隼班? The Falcon Project" 1:34

13. "隼? The Falcon" 1:22

14. "ユンカース? Junkers" 1:28

15. "旅路(イタリアの風)? A Journey (Italian Winds)" 1:44

16. "旅路(カプローニの引退)? A Journey (Caproni Retires)" 1:19

17. "旅路(軽井沢の出会い)? A Journey (An Encounter at Karuizawa)" 1:44

18. "菜穂子(運命)? Naoko (Her Destiny)" 0:45

19. "菜穂子(虹)? Naoko (A Rainbow)" 1:09

20. "カストルプ(魔の山)? Castorp (The Magic Mountain)" 1:09

21. "風? The Wind" 0:52

22. "紙飛行機? Paper Airplane" 2:37

23. "菜穂子(プロポーズ)? Naoko (The Proposal)" 1:10

24. "八試特偵? Prototype 8" 0:58

25. "カストルプ(別れ)? Castorp (A Separation)" 1:48

26. "菜穂子(会いたくて)? Naoko (I Miss You)" 3:05

27. "菜穂子(めぐりあい)? Naoko (An Unexpected Meeting)" 3:04

28. "旅路(結婚)? A Journey (The Wedding)" 1:56

29. "菜穂子(眼差し)? Naoko (Together)" 1:04

30. "旅路(別れ)? A Journey (A Parting)" 1:18

31. "旅路(夢の王国)? A Journey (A Kingdom of Dreams)" 3:35

32. " Hikōki-gumo (ひこうき雲, Japanese for "Contrail")" 3:22

Das gibt's nur einmal (English: It only happens once) is the German song Hans Castorp sings while playing the piano at Hotel Kusakaru in the film. Jiro Horikoshi and Nahoko's father later join the singing. This song is composed by Werner Richard Heymann for the German movie Der Kongreß tanzt
Der Kongreß tanzt
.

RELEASE

The Wind Rises was to have been released simultaneously with The Tale of the Princess Kaguya , another Ghibli film by Isao Takahata
Isao Takahata
, in Japan
Japan
in mid-2013. This would have been the first time that the works of the two directors were released together since the release of the films My Neighbor Totoro and Grave of the Fireflies
Grave of the Fireflies
in 1988. However, Kaguya-hime was delayed until November 23, 2013, and The Wind Rises was released on July 20, 2013.

The film played in competition at the 70th Venice International Film Festival . It had its official North American premiere at the 2013 Toronto International Film Festival
Toronto International Film Festival
, although a sneak preview of the film was presented earlier at the 2013 Telluride Film Festival (the film screened outside the official program).

Walt Disney Studios Motion Pictures
Walt Disney Studios Motion Pictures
distributed the film in North America through its Touchstone Pictures
Touchstone Pictures
label. The film's English dubbing was directed by Gary Rydstrom . Disney held a one-week release window in the Los Angeles
Los Angeles
theatrical circuit for the film beginning on November 8, 2013, so that it could qualify for Academy Awards consideration. The film was released theatrically on February 21, 2014, in select cities , with wide release on February 28. The film was released in the United Kingdom on May 9, 2014, with distribution by StudioCanal .

HOME MEDIA

Touchstone Home Entertainment released The Wind Rises on Blu-ray Disc and DVD
DVD
on November 18, 2014. The Wind Rises release includes supplement features with storyboards, the original Japanese trailers and TV spots, a "Behind the Microphone" featurette with members of the English voice cast and a video from when the film was announced to be completed. The audio format for both English and Japanese language
Japanese language
are in mono (DTS-HD MA 1.0). Even though Disney's North American rights to Studio Ghibli films they owned expired in 2017, they will continue to distribute The Wind Rises for the near future as GKIDS confirmed they wouldn't re-release the movie due to it being a recent movie.

RECEPTION

BOX OFFICE

The film grossed ¥ 11.6 billion (US$ 113 million) at the Japanese box office, becoming the highest-grossing film in Japan
Japan
in 2013.

CRITICAL RESPONSE

The Wind Rises received critical acclaim; Rotten Tomatoes
Rotten Tomatoes
sampled 163 reviews and judged 88% of them to be positive, giving the film a "Certified Fresh" rating, with an average score of 7.9/10. The consensus states: " The Wind Rises is a fittingly bittersweet swan song for director Hayao Miyazaki". Metacritic
Metacritic
, which assigns a weighted average score, rated the film an 83/100 based on 41 reviews, citing "universal acclaim".

Film critic David Ehrlich rated the film 9.7/10 and called it, "Perhaps the greatest animated film ever made." Ehrlich further writes, "While initially jarring, Miyazaki's unapologetic deviations from fact help The Wind Rises to transcend the linearity of its expected structure, the film eventually revealing itself to be less of a biopic than it is a devastatingly honest lament for the corruption of beauty, and how invariably pathetic the human response to that loss must be. Miyazaki’s films are often preoccupied with absence, the value of things left behind and how the ghosts of beautiful things are traced onto our memories like the shadows of objects outlined by a nuclear flash. The Wind Rises looks back as only a culminating work can."

The Japan Times
The Japan Times
gave the film a 3  1⁄2 stars out of 5, and states "A visually sumptuous celebration of an unspoiled prewar Japan." In a review for The Asia-Pacific Journal , Matthew Penney wrote "What Miyazaki offers is a layered look at how Horikoshi's passion for flight was captured by capital and militarism", and "(the film) is one of Miyazaki's most ambitious and thought-provoking visions as well as one of his most beautifully realized visual projects".

CONTROVERSY

In Japan, The Wind Rises received criticism from both the political right and from the Japan
Japan
Society for Tobacco Control. Miyazaki added to the controversy by publishing an article in which he criticized the proposal by Japan's centre-right Liberal Democratic Party to change the Constitution of Japan
Constitution of Japan
, which irritated nationalists. Some commentators were unhappy that a warplane engineer was the film's protagonist.

In an interview with the Asahi Shimbun
Asahi Shimbun
, Miyazaki said he had "very complex feelings" about World War II
World War II
since, as a pacifist , he felt militarist Japan
Japan
had acted out of "foolish arrogance". However, Miyazaki also said that the Zero plane "represented one of the few things we Japanese could be proud of – were a truly formidable presence, and so were the pilots who flew them".

ACCOLADES

The Wind Rises received thirteen nominations and seventeen awards for "Best Animated Feature" including one Academy Award
Academy Award
nomination. Hayao Miyazaki won the award for "Writing in an Animated Feature Production" at 41st Annie Awards . Film's musical composer, Joe Hisaishi was awarded with Japan
Japan
Academy Prize in the category of Best Music Score. It was also selected as "Audience Favorite – Animation" at Mill Valley Film Festival .

LIST OF AWARDS AND NOMINATIONS FOR THE WIND RISES

AWARD DATE OF CEREMONY CATEGORY RECIPIENTS AND NOMINEES RESULT

Academy Awards
Academy Awards
March 2, 2014 Best Animated Feature Hayao Miyazaki
Hayao Miyazaki
, Toshio Suzuki Nominated

Alliance of Women Film Journalists 19 December 2013 Best Animated Feature Hayao Miyazaki Won

Annie Awards 1 February 2014 Best Animated Feature The Wind Rises Studio Ghibli , Touchstone Pictures
Touchstone Pictures
Nominated

Character Animation in a Feature Production Kitaro Kosaka Nominated

Writing in an Animated Feature Production Hayao Miyazaki Won

Asia Pacific Screen Awards 12 December 2013 Best Animated Feature Film Toshio Suzuki, Japan
Japan
Nominated

Boston Online Film Critics Association 7 December 2013 Best Animated Film

Won: Tied with Frozen

Boston Society of Film Critics 8 December 2013 Best Animated Film

Won

Chicago Film Critics Association 16 December 2013 Best Foreign — Language Film

Nominated

Best Animated Feature

Won

Critics\' Choice Movie Award 16 January 2014 Best Animated Feature

Nominated

Dallas-Fort Worth Film Critics 16 December 2013 Best Foreign Language Film

Nominated

Denver Film Critics Society January 13, 2014 Best Animated Feature

Nominated

Florida Film Critics Circle 18 December 2013 Best Animated Feature

Runner-up

Georgia Film Critics Association 10 January 2014 Best Animated Feature

Nominated

Golden Globe Awards 12 January 2014 Best Foreign Language Film

Nominated

Houston Film Critics Society 15 December 2013 Best Animated Feature

Nominated

IGN
IGN
's Best of 2013 Awards 10 January 2014 Best Animated Movie

Nominated

Indiana Film Critics Association 19 December 2013 Best Animated Feature

Runner-up

International Cinephile Society 23 February 2014 Best Animated Film

Runner-up

Iowa Film Critics 10 January 2014 Best Animated Feature

Nominated

Japan
Japan
Academy Prize 7 March 2014 Animation of the Year

Won

Best Music Score Joe Hisaishi Won

Las Vegas Film Critics Society December 18, 2013 Best Animated Feature

Nominated

Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Film Critics Association December 8, 2013 Best Animation

Runner-up

Mill Valley Film Festival
Mill Valley Film Festival
13 October 2013 Audience Favorite – Animation Hayao Miyazaki
Hayao Miyazaki
Won

National Board of Review
National Board of Review
7 January 2014 Best Animated Film

Won

New York Film Critics Circle December 3, 2013 Best Animated Film

Won

New York Film Critics Online 8 December 2013 Best Animated Feature

Won

New York Film Festival 13 October 2013 Grand Marnier Fellowship Award for Best Film

Nominated

Online Film Critics Society 16 December 2013 Best Picture

Nominated

Best Director Hayao Miyazaki Nominated

Best Animated Feature

Won

Best Film Not in the English Language

Nominated

Best Adapted Screenplay Hayao Miyazaki Nominated

Phoenix Film Critics Society 17 December 2013 Best Animated Film

Nominated

San Diego Film Critics Society 17 December 2013 Best Animated Film

Won

San Francisco Film Critics Circle 15 December 2013 Best Animated Feature

Won

San Sebastián International Film Festival
San Sebastián International Film Festival
20 September 2013 Audience Award

Nominated

St. Louis Gateway Film Critics Association 16 December 2013 Best Animated Feature

Runner-up

Satellite Awards 23 February 2014 Best Motion Picture, Animated or Mixed Media

Won

Southeastern Film Critics Association 16 December 2013 Best Animated Feature

Nominated

Toronto Film Critics Association 17 December 2013 Best Animated Feature

Won

Toronto International Film Festival
Toronto International Film Festival
September 15, 2013 People's Choice Award for Best Drama Feature Film

Nominated

Utah Film Critics Association 20 December 2013 Best Animated Feature

Runner-up: Tied with From Up on Poppy Hill
From Up on Poppy Hill

Venice Film Festival
Venice Film Festival
September 7, 2013 Golden Lion
Golden Lion

Nominated

Washington D.C. Area Film Critics Association December 9, 2013 Best Animated Feature

Nominated

Women Film Critics Circle 16 December 2013 Best Animated Feature

Nominated

Best Family Film

Won

SEE ALSO

* The Kingdom of Dreams and Madness , a 2013 documentary about the making of the film. * Porco Rosso , a 1992 Ghibli animated film which contains a number of similar thematic elements. * The Cockpit , a similar 1993 anime OVA focusing on World War II Axis allegiances, also featuring an emphasis on the warplanes. * Grave of the Fireflies
Grave of the Fireflies
, another Ghibli anime film from 1988 covering the Japanese perspective on World War II
World War II
and its effects on civilians.

REFERENCES

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Hayao Miyazaki
and Isao Takahata; \'Grave of the Fireflies\' Picked Up For US Re-Release". slashfilm.com. Retrieved 2012-11-24. * ^ Akagawa, Roy (6 September 2013). "Excerpts of Hayao Miyazaki\'s news conference announcing his retirement". Asahi Shimbun. Retrieved 5 February 2014. * ^ Chitwood, Adam. "English-Language Voice Cast for Hayao Miyazaki\'s THE WIND RISES Includes Joseph Gordon-Levitt, Emily Blunt, and Mandy Patinkin". Collider. * ^ "Newspaper: Evangelion\'s Hideaki Anno to Star in Ghibli\'s Kaze Tachinu Film". Anime
Anime
News Network . * ^ Truitt, Brian (16 December 2013). "Gordon-Levitt, Blunt head up \'The Wind Rises\' U.S. cast". USA Today. Retrieved 17 December 2013. * ^ Shone, Tom (February 21, 2014). "The Wind Rises: a flight into Hayao Miyazaki\'s magic and poetry". The Guardian
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Los Angeles
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Special
Presentation". August 2013. Archived from the original on 2013-08-18. * ^ Telluride Film Festival. Telluride Film Festival (2013-07-15). Retrieved on 2014-05-12. * ^ Hill, Jim (26 February 2014). " Joseph Gordon-Levitt
Joseph Gordon-Levitt
Loves How Hayao Miyazki\'s The Wind Rises Celebrates the Magic of Normal, Everyday Life". The Huffington Post. Retrieved 27 February 2014. * ^ Lumenick, Lou (7 November 2013). "\'The Wind Rises\' another stunning animated masterpiece". The New York Post. Retrieved 18 November 2013. * ^ Keegan, Rebecca (11 September 2013). "Miyazaki\'s \'The Wind Rises\' to get Oscar-qualifying run in November". The Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 12 September 2013. * ^ Williams, Mike (7 February 2014). " The Wind Rises confirms UK release date". Yahoo!. Retrieved 27 February 2014. * ^ "Details for Studio Ghibli\'s "Princess Mononoke", "Kiki\'s Delivery Service", "The Wind Rises" on Disney Blu-ray". www.toonzone.net. Retrieved 26 September 2014. * ^ Box Office Mojo. "October 26–27, 2013 Japan
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Metacritic
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Japan
Times . * ^ Penney, Matthew (5 August 2013). "Miyazaki Hayao\'s Kaze Tachinu (The Wind Rises)". The Asia-Pacific Journal. 11 (30, No. 2). Retrieved 9 August 2013. * ^ A B C D McCurry, Justin (23 August 2013). "Japanese animator under fire for film tribute to warplane designer". The Guardian. Retrieved 25 August 2013. * ^ A B Staff (16 January 2014). "2013 Academy Awards
Academy Awards
Nominations and Winners by Category". Box Office Mojo
Box Office Mojo
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* ^ A B " Hayao Miyazaki
Hayao Miyazaki
Wins Annie Award for Writing The Wind Rises". Anime
Anime
News Network . 2 February 2014. Retrieved 2 February 2014. * ^ A B Loo, Egan. "The Wind Rises, Madoka, Lupin vs. Conan, Harlock, Kaguya Earn Japan
Japan
Academy Prize Nods". Anime
Anime
News Network. Christopher Macdonald. Retrieved 30 January 2014. * ^ "2013 EDA Award Nominess". Alliance of Women Film Journalists . 11 December 2013. Retrieved 11 December 2013. * ^ Jagernauth, Kevin (2 December 2013). "\'Frozen\' & \'Monsters University\' Dominate Annie Awards Nominations With 10 Each". Indiewire. Retrieved 2 December 2013. * ^ Derks, David (2 December 2013). "41st #AnnieAwards Nominations Announced". ASIFA-Hollywood. Retrieved 2 December 2013. * ^ "American Hustle, 12 Years A Slave Lead BFCA\'s Critics Choice Movie Awards Nominations". Deadline.com
Deadline.com
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