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"THE STARS AND STRIPES FOREVER" is a patriotic American march widely considered to be the magnum opus of composer John Philip Sousa . By a 1987 act of the U.S. Congress , it is the official National March of the United States of America .

CONTENTS

* 1 History * 2 Music

* 3 Lyrics

* 3.1 Sousa\'s lyrics * 3.2 Tidmarsh\'s additional lyrics * 3.3 Other lyrics

* 4 Variations and notable uses * 5 Media * 6 See also * 7 References * 8 Bibliography * 9 External links

HISTORY

In his autobiography, _Marching Along_, Sousa wrote that he composed the march on , 1896. He was on an ocean liner on his way home from a vacation with his wife in Europe and had just learned of the recent death of David Blakely, the manager of the Sousa Band. He composed the march in his head and committed the notes to paper on arrival in the United States. It was first performed at Willow Grove Park , just outside Philadelphia, on May 14, 1897, and was immediately greeted with enthusiasm.

MUSIC

"The Stars and Stripes Forever" follows the standard American military march form . The march begins with a four-bar introduction, which is followed by a dotted, playful melody. Its trio is the most famous part of the march. Piccolo players play the famous obbligato in the first repeat of the trio (the one after the breakstrain ). In the final repeat of the trio (grandioso ), the low brass joins the piccolo players with a prominent countermelody .

LYRICS

Sousa wrote lyrics to the piece, although they are not as familiar as the music itself. The typical pairing of Sousa's lyrics with the various sections of the march is noted in the square brackets.

SOUSA\'S LYRICS

Let martial note in triumph float And liberty extend its mighty hand A flag appears 'mid thunderous cheers, The banner of the Western land. The emblem of the brave and true Its folds protect no tyrant crew; The red and white and starry blue Is freedom's shield and hope.

Other nations may deem their flags the best And cheer them with fervid elation But the flag of the North and South and West Is the flag of flags, the flag of Freedom's nation.

(repeats) Other nations may deem their flags the best And cheer them with fervid elation, But the flag of the North and South and West Is the flag of flags, the flag of Freedom's nation.

Hurrah for the flag of the free! May it wave as our standard forever, The gem of the land and the sea, The banner of the right. Let despots remember the day When our fathers with mighty endeavor Proclaimed as they marched to the fray That by their might and by their right It waves forever.

Let eagle shriek from lofty peak The never-ending watchword of our land; Let summer breeze waft through the trees The echo of the chorus grand. Sing out for liberty and light, Sing out for freedom and the right. Sing out for Union and its might, O patriotic sons.

Hurrah for the flag of the free. May it wave as our standard forever The gem of the land and the sea, The banner of the right. Let despots remember the day When our fathers with mighty endeavor Proclaimed as they marched to the fray, That by their might and by their right It waves forever.

TIDMARSH\'S ADDITIONAL LYRICS

In 1942 the John Church Company published a four-part choral version of the march with a piano arrangement by Elmer Arthur Tidmarsh. This arrangement has additional lyrics written by Tidmarsh for the Breakstrain section of the march.

OTHER LYRICS

Many other sets of lyrics, patriotic and otherwise, have been written for the last strain (trio/grandioso). Two of the most widely known such sets begin with the words "Three cheers for the red, white and blue" and "Be kind to your web-footed friends". The "web-footed friends" parody was sung at the end of every episode of the popular 1960s TV series _Sing Along with Mitch _. It was recorded by Mary Healy and Peter Lind Hayes in 1954 and by Homer and Jethro in 1955 as "Crazy Mixed Up Song". The parody lyrics are credited to Charles Randolph Grean and Joan Javits . It was also heard in the _Tiny Toon Adventures _ episode "Hollywood Plucky", and an episode of _Sesame Street _; these parody lyrics themselves are well-known enough to have spawned many other parodies of their own.

VARIATIONS AND NOTABLE USES

"The Stars and Stripes Forever" is featured in many U.S. musical performances:

* There are several orchestral transcriptions of "The Stars and Stripes Forever", including one by conductor Leopold Stokowski and one by Keith Brion and Loras Schissel. There was also an orchestral arrangement of the march by Carl Davis and David Cullen for the album _Carl Conducts...Classical Festival Favourites_. * The tune is widely used by soccer fans, with the trio/grandioso section sung with the words "Here We Go ". The supporters of Spanish side Valencia CF used to sing it with the words "_Xe que bó!_" which means something like "Oh! How good" in Catalan , and those words have become a symbol for the team. Another version uses the word cheerio repeatedly, normally sung to players or coaches when they have been sent off or occasionally when an underdog has ended its opponent's cup campaign. * In the classic 1933 film _Duck Soup _, Harpo Marx , playing Pinky, a spy infiltrating a house in the middle of the night, attempts to open what he believes to be a safe, but turns out to be a large radio, which loudly begins playing "Stars " class="fn">"The Stars and Stripes Forever" A 1909 Edison Records recording of Sousa\'s Band performing Sousa's _Stars and Stripes Forever_. This performance follows the following form: Introduction, first strain, second strain, trio, breakstrain, grandioso, repeat of breakstrain and grandioso, da capo repeat of introduction, first strain, second strain, trio, breakstrain, and grandioso. "The Stars and Stripes Forever" The United States Marine Band performing "The Stars and Stripes Forever". This performance follows the more traditional military march form . " The Stars and Stripes Forever The United States Navy Band performing "The Stars and Stripes Forever". * _Problems listening to the files? See media help ._

SEE ALSO

* "You\'re a Grand Old Flag "

REFERENCES

* ^ "36 U.S. Code § 304 - National march". _ United States Code_. United States: Cornell Law School. August 12, 1998. Retrieved November 2, 2006. The composition by John Philip Sousa entitled 'The Stars and Stripes Forever' is the national march. * ^ "The Story of "Stars and Stripes Forever"". Public Broadcasting Service . Retrieved 18 April 2012. * ^ _A_ _B_ Van Outryve, Karen. "Appreciating An Old Favorite: Sousa's All-Time Hit." _Music Educators Journal_ 92.3 (2006): 15. Academic Search Complete. Web. 19 April 2012. * ^ Bierley, Paul E., “The Works of John Philip Sousa” Integrity Press, Westerville, OH, 1984. * ^ _A_ _B_ Sousa, John Philip, & Tidmarsh, Elmer A. (1942.) "The Stars and Stripes Forever." USA: The John Church Company. * ^ "Audio CD, Mitch Miller And The Gang". _Amazon.com_. Retrieved 2010-06-17. * ^ https://www.discogs.com/Peter-Mary-With-Norman-Leyden-Orch-The-Crazy-Mixed-Up-Song-What-Shall-We-Do-With-A-Lonesome-Lover-/release/7193291 * ^ RCA 47-5708 * ^ http://www.carldaviscollection.com/album-36/carl-conducts-classical-festival-favourites?page=3 * ^ _On This Day in Connecticut History_, by Gregg Mangan, page 159. * ^ http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/the-hartford-circus-fire Retrieved July 30, 2015. * ^ http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article91407414 Retrieved July 30, 2015. * ^ http://www.jwpepper.com/2399426.item * ^ " The Grateful Dead Bids Fare Thee Well to Fans After Fifty Years". _ The Huffington Post _. July 7, 2015.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

* Bierley, Paul E. _John Philip Sousa: American Phenomenon_. Miami, FL: Warner Bros. Publications, 2001. * Sousa, John Philip, ">STARS AND STRIPES FOREVER

Wikimedia Commons has media related to JOHN PHILIP SOUSA STARS AND STRIPES FOREVER _.

* Sousa Band (Gramofono)

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John Philip Sousa

MUSICAL COMPOSITIONS

* " The Fairest of the Fair " * " The Gallant Seventh " * " The Gladiator March " * "Hands Across the Sea " * " High School Cadets " * " Kansas Wildcats " * "King Cotton " * "The Liberty Bell " * "Manhattan Beach " * " Minnesota March " * "The Royal Welch Fusiliers " * "Semper Fidelis " * "The Stars and Stripes Forever" * " The Thunderer " * " Transit of Venus March " * " U.S. Field Artillery " * "The Washington Post "

OPERETTAS

* _ Chris and the Wonderful Lamp _ * _ Désirée _ * _El Capitan _ * _The Charlatan _

OTHER PERFORMING ARTS

* " The Army Goes Rolling Along " * _Stars and Stripes _ * _Stars and Stripes Forever _

OTHER

* List of compositions by John Philip Sousa * John Philip Sousa House * United States Marine Band

HONORARIA

* John Philip Sousa Bridge * John Philip Sousa Foundation * John Philip Sousa Junior High School (Bronx) * John Philip Sousa Junior High School

* v * t * e

National symbols of the United States

SYMBOLS

* Flag of the United States * Seal of the United States * Bald eagle * Uncle Sam * Columbia * General Grant (tree) * American\'s Creed * Pledge of Allegiance * Rose * Oak * American bison * Phrygian cap

SONGS

* " The Star-Spangled Banner " * "Dixie " * " America the Beautiful " * "The Stars and Stripes Forever" * " Hail to the Chief " * " Hail, Columbia " * "My Country, \'Tis of Thee " * " God Bless America " * " Lift Every Voice and Sing " * " The Army Goes Rolling Along " * " Anchors Aweigh " * "Marines\' Hymn " * "Semper Fidelis " * "The Air Force Song " * "Semper Paratus " * " National Emblem " * "The Washington Post March " * " The Battle Hymn of the Republic " * " Yankee Doodle " * "You\'re a Grand Old Flag " * " When Johnny Comes Marching Home "

MOTTOS

* In God We Trust * _E Pluribus Unum_ * _ Novus ordo seclorum _ * _ Annuit cœptis _

LANDMARKS

* Statue of Liberty (_Liberty Enlightening the World_) * Liberty Bell * Mount Rushmore

* National Mall