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"The Stars and Stripes Forever" is a patriotic American march widely considered to be the magnum opus of composer John Philip Sousa. By a 1987 act of the U.S. Congress, it is the official National March of the United States
United States
of America.[1]

Contents

1 History 2 Music 3 Lyrics

3.1 Sousa's lyrics 3.2 Tidmarsh's additional lyrics

4 Media 5 See also 6 References 7 Bibliography 8 External links

History[edit] In his autobiography, Marching Along, Sousa wrote that he composed the march on Christmas Day, 1896. He was on an ocean liner on his way home from a vacation with his wife in Europe and had just learned of the recent death of David Blakely, the manager of the Sousa Band. He composed the march in his head and committed the notes to paper on arrival in the United States.[2] A 1952 biographical film, Stars and Stripes Forever, gives an account of the composer's life and music. It was first performed at Willow Grove Park, just outside Philadelphia, on May 14, 1897, and was immediately greeted with enthusiasm.[3] Following an act of congress in 1987, it was officially adopted as the national march of the United States
United States
of America. Music[edit] "The Stars and Stripes Forever" follows the standard American military march form. The march begins with a four-bar introduction, which is followed by a dotted, playful melody.[3] Its trio is the most famous part of the march. Piccolo
Piccolo
players play the famous obbligato in the first repeat of the trio (the one after the breakstrain). In the final repeat of the trio (grandioso), the low brass joins the piccolo players with a prominent countermelody. Lyrics[edit] Sousa wrote lyrics to the piece, although they are not as familiar as the music itself.[4] The typical pairing of Sousa's lyrics with the various sections of the march is noted in the square brackets.[5] Sousa's lyrics[edit]

[First strain] Let martial note in triumph float And liberty extend its mighty hand A flag appears 'mid thunderous cheers, The banner of the Western land. The emblem of the brave and true Its folds protect no tyrant crew; The red and white and starry blue Is freedom's shield and hope.

[Second strain] Other nations may deem their flags the best And cheer them with fervid elation But the flag of the North and South and West Is the flag of flags, the flag of Freedom's nation.

(repeats) Other nations may deem their flags the best And cheer them with fervid elation, But the flag of the North and South and West Is the flag of flags, the flag of Freedom's nation.

[Trio] Hurrah for the flag of the free! May it wave as our standard forever, The gem of the land and the sea, The banner of the right. Let despots remember the day When our fathers with mighty endeavor Proclaimed as they marched to the fray That by their might and by their right It waves forever.

Let eagle shriek from lofty peak The never-ending watchword of our land; Let summer breeze waft through the trees The echo of the chorus grand. Sing out for liberty and light, Sing out for freedom and the right. Sing out for Union and its might, O patriotic sons.

[Grandioso] Hurrah for the flag of the free. May it wave as our standard forever The gem of the land and the sea, The banner of the right. Let despots remember the day When our fathers with mighty endeavor Proclaimed as they marched to the fray, That by their might and by their right It waves forever.

Tidmarsh's additional lyrics[edit] In 1942 the John Church Company
John Church Company
published a four-part choral version of the march with a piano arrangement by Elmer Arthur Tidmarsh.[5] This arrangement has additional lyrics written by Tidmarsh for the Breakstrain
Breakstrain
section of the march. Media[edit]

"The Stars and Stripes Forever"

A 1909 Edison Records
Edison Records
recording of Sousa's Band
Sousa's Band
performing "Stars and Stripes Forever". This performance follows the following form: Introduction, first strain, second strain, trio, breakstrain, grandioso, repeat of breakstrain and grandioso, da capo repeat of introduction, first strain, second strain, trio, breakstrain, and grandioso.

"The Stars and Stripes Forever"

The United States
United States
Marine Band performing "The Stars and Stripes Forever". This performance follows the more traditional military march form.

Problems listening to the files? See media help.

See also[edit]

Music portal

"You're a Grand Old Flag"

References[edit]

^ "36 U.S. Code § 304 - National march". United States
United States
Code. United States: Cornell Law School. August 12, 1998. Retrieved November 2, 2006. The composition by John Philip Sousa
John Philip Sousa
entitled 'The Stars and Stripes Forever' is the national march.  ^ "The Story of "Stars and Stripes Forever"". Public Broadcasting Service. Retrieved 18 April 2012.  ^ a b Van Outryve, Karen. "Appreciating An Old Favorite: Sousa's All-Time Hit." Music Educators Journal 92.3 (2006): 15. Academic Search Complete. Web. 19 April 2012. ^ Bierley, Paul E., “The Works of John Philip Sousa” Integrity Press, Westerville, OH, 1984. ^ a b Sousa, John Philip, & Tidmarsh, Elmer A. (1942.) "The Stars and Stripes Forever." USA: The John Church Company.

Bibliography[edit]

Bierley, Paul E. John Philip Sousa: American Phenomenon. Miami, FL: Warner Bros. Publications, 2001. Sousa, John Philip, & Tidmarsh, Elmer A. (1942.) "The Stars and Stripes Forever." USA: The John Church Company.

External links[edit]

Wikisource
Wikisource
has original text related to this article: Stars and Stripes Forever

Wikimedia Commons has media related to John Philip Sousa
John Philip Sousa
Stars and Stripes Forever.

Sousa Band (Gramofono)

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John Philip Sousa

Musical compositions

"The Fairest of the Fair" "The Gallant Seventh" "The Gladiator March" "Hands Across the Sea" "High School Cadets" "Kansas Wildcats" "King Cotton" "The Liberty Bell" "Manhattan Beach" "Minnesota March" "The Royal Welch Fusiliers" "Semper Fidelis" "The Stars and Stripes Forever" "The Thunderer" "Transit of Venus March" "U.S. Field Artillery" "The Washington Post"

Operettas

Chris and the Wonderful Lamp Désirée El Capitan The Charlatan

Other performing arts

"The Army Goes Rolling Along" Stars and Stripes Stars and Stripes Forever

Other

List of compositions by John Philip Sousa John Philip Sousa
John Philip Sousa
House United States
United States
Marine Band

Honoraria

John Philip Sousa
John Philip Sousa
Bridge John Philip Sousa
John Philip Sousa
Foundation John Philip Sousa
John Philip Sousa
Junior High School (Bronx) John Philip Sousa
John Philip Sousa
Junior High School

v t e

National symbols of the United States

Symbols

Flag of the United States Seal of the United States Bald eagle Uncle Sam Columbia General Grant (tree) American's Creed Pledge of Allegiance Rose Oak American bison Phrygian cap

Songs

"The Star-Spangled Banner" "Dixie" "America the Beautiful" "The Stars and Stripes Forever" "Hail to the Chief" "Hail, Columbia" "My Country, 'Tis of Thee" "God Bless America" "Lift Every Voice and Sing" "The Army Goes Rolling Along" "Anchors Aweigh" "Marines' Hymn" "Semper Fidelis" "The Air Force Song" "Semper Paratus" "National Emblem" "The Washington Post March" "Battle Hymn of the Republic" "Yankee Doodle" "You're a Grand Old Flag" "When Johnny Comes Marching Home" "This Land Is Your Land"

Mottos

In God We Trust E Pluribus Unum Novus ordo seclorum Annuit cœptis

Landmarks

Statue of Liberty
Statue of Liberty
(Liberty Enlightening the World) Liberty Bell Mount Rushmore National Mall

West Potomac Park

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 178212486 LCCN: n80036251 GND: 300151411 BNF:

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