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The Info List - The Royal House Of Boureh Gnilane Joof



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THE ROYAL HOUSE OF BOUREH GNILANE JOOF (variation : MBIN BOUREH GNILANE in Serer ) was a royal house founded in the 14th century by Jaraff Boureh Gnilane Joof (var : Bouré Gnilane Diouf or Buré Ñilaan ). He was a member the Serer tribe , from the pre-colonial Kingdom of Sine now part of independent Senegal
Senegal
. It was the first royal house founded by the Joof family during the Guelowar
Guelowar
period (1350 - 1969 ). Boureh Gnilane Joof was a royal prince and a Jaraff (var : Diaraf), a Serer title of nobility with the powers of a Prime Minister . He was neither a Maad a Sinig
Maad a Sinig
(king of Sine) nor a Maad Saloum
Saloum
(king of Saloum) but a royal prince who had the title Jaraff bestowed upon him by his cousin and brother-in-law - Maad a Sinig Diessanou Faye (king of Sine). His father Maad Patar Kholleh Joof (the conqueror) was the king of Laa and Teigne of Baol (king of Baol). Boureh's brothers were the first from this house to have succeeded to the throne of Sine during the Guelowar
Guelowar
period. His name was adopted in his honour to refer to the first royal house founded by the Joof family during this dynastic period. The Joof family of Sine, from this royal house also ruled in the Kingdom of Saloum (the Joof paternal dynasty of Sine and Saloum) The Joof family also ruled in Baol (the Joof paternal dynasty of Baol). From the date of its foundation up to the abolition of the Serer monarchies of Sine and Saloum
Saloum
in 1969, at least ten kings from this house had succeeded to the throne of Sine. As the first royal house of Sine founded by the Joof family in this dynastic period, the Royal House of Boureh Gnilane Joof holds great significance in Senegambian , Joof family and Serer history , because all the subsequent royal houses founded by the Joof family (who ruled in three Senegambian kingdoms ) branched out from this royal house.

CONTENTS

* 1 List of kings

* 1.1 Kingdom of Sine * 1.2 Kingdom of Saloum

* 2 See also * 3 Notes * 4 Bibliography * 5 External links

LIST OF KINGS

The following is a list of kings from the Royal House of Boureh Gnilane Joof that reigned in the Serer kingdoms of Sine and Saloum
Saloum
. Their royal titles : Maad a Sinig
Maad a Sinig
and Maad Saloum signifies king of Sine and Saloum
Saloum
respectively. The surname Joof is the English spelling in the Gambia , whilst Diouf is the French spelling in Senegal
Senegal
. The proper spelling is Juuf or Juf in Serer which reflects the actual pronunciation (see Joof family ) :

KINGDOM OF SINE

* Maad a Sinig
Maad a Sinig
Niokhobai Mane Nyan Joof, brother of Boureh Gnilane and the first Maad a Sinig
Maad a Sinig
(king of Sine ) from this royal house. Reigned : c . 1369 - 1379 * Maad a Sinig
Maad a Sinig
Gejopal Mane Nyan Joof, brother of Boureh Gnilane and Maad a Sinig
Maad a Sinig
Niokhobai Mane Nyan Joof. Reigned : c. 1379 - 1394 During his reign, his reign, the Kingdom of Sine underwent a religious reformation (the religious reformation of Maad a Sinig
Maad a Sinig
Gejopal Mane Nyan Joof) * Maad a Sinig
Maad a Sinig
Ama Kodu Joof, reigned : c. 1516 - 1534. * Maad a Sinig
Maad a Sinig
Latsouk Gnilane Samba Joof, reigned : c. 1672 - 1688. During his reign, the Serer priestly class (the Saltigues ) were public humiliated if the actual event differs from what they had divined at the Xoy ceremony (var : Khoy). * Maad a Sinig
Maad a Sinig
Ama Kodu Samba Joof, reigned : c. 1715 -1724. He aided the Damel of Cayor
Cayor
at the Battle of Sanghai and defeated the Teigne of Baol . * Maad a Sinig
Maad a Sinig
Boukar Tjilas Mahe Soum Joof, reigned : 1750 - 1763. He was the father of Lingeer Kodu Kumba Yandeh Mbarou Joof (many variations : Codou Coumba Yandé ) the princess of Sine and queen mother of Cayor
Cayor
and Baol . Lingeer Kodu Kumba Yandeh Mbarou was the mother of Damel -Teigne Makodu Yandeh Mbarou Joof Faal (var : Macodou Codou Coumba Yandé), the king of Cayor
Cayor
and Baol (see Guelowar
Guelowar
). * Maad a Sinig
Maad a Sinig
Ama Kodu Mahe Ngom Joof, reigned 1770 - 1789. As well as chairing the meetings of the Saltigues during his reign, he also challenged their authority. Apart from his interference in religious matters, the Kingdom of Sine was very peaceful during his reign. * Maad a Sinig
Maad a Sinig
Jaligue Sira Joof, reigned : 1885 - 1886 He came to the throne following a civil war brought on by the dynastic struggles of Maad a Sinig
Maad a Sinig
Amadi Baro Joof and Maad a Sinig
Maad a Sinig
Mbackeh Mak Njie. He died few months after succeeding to the throne. After his death, the Junjung of Sine was recovered from his estate and kept by his successor and former adversary ( Maad a Sinig
Maad a Sinig
Mbackeh Mak). * Maad a Sinig
Maad a Sinig
Niokhobai Semou Joof, reigned 1886 - 1887 * Maad a Sinig
Maad a Sinig
Kumba Ndoffene Fa Ndeb Joof . He was the last Serer king of Sine from this royal house. He died from illness in 1923.

KINGDOM OF SALOUM

* Maad Saloum Malawtan Joof, originally from Sine. He was the longest reigning king of Saloum
Saloum
(45 years on the throne) and one of the most well known. Reigned : 1567 - 1612. * Maad Saloum Ama- Joof Joof. His father came from Sine. On his maternal line, he was a Guelowar
Guelowar
from the royal line of Lingeer Begay Souka (var : Bigué Souka). Reigned : 1690 - 1696 Like Malawtan Joof, many of his descendants that ruled Saloum
Saloum
partains to this royal house.

SEE ALSO

* The Royal House of Jogo Siga Joof * The Royal House of Semou Njekeh Joof
The Royal House of Semou Njekeh Joof
* Kingdom of Sine * Serer people * Joof family * Kingdom of Saloum * Kingdom of Baol * Joos Maternal Dynasty

* Serer people portal * Senegal
Senegal
portal * Gambia portal * Monarchy portal * History portal

NOTES

* ^ A B Diouf, Niokhobaye, "Chronique du royaume du Sine", (1972), p 732 (p 19) * ^ A B Klein, Islam and imperialism in Senegal, p. 202. * ^ A B C D E Klein, Martin. A., "Islam and Imperialism in Senegal Sine-Saloum
Sine-Saloum
, 1847-1914", Edinburgh University Press
Edinburgh University Press
(1968), p XV * ^ Other variations : Mbin Bureh Jelane or Buré Ñilaan (see La famille Juuf), or Keur Bouré Gnilane (see Diouf) * ^ A B For the Guelowar
Guelowar
period, see : Sarr, Alioune , "Histoire du Sine-Saloum
Sine-Saloum
" (Sénégal ). Introduction, bibliographie et notes par Charles Becker. Version légèrement remaniée par rapport à celle qui est parue en 1986-87. p 19 * ^ A B C D E F G Diouf, Niokhobaye, "Chronique du royaume du Sine", Suivie de notes sur les traditions orales et les sources écrites concernant le royaume du Sine par Charles Becker et Victor Martin. (1972). Bulletin de l'Ifan, Tome 34, Série B, n° 4, (1972), pp 709-712 (pp 6-8) * ^ A B C D (in French) La famille Juuf « L'épopée de Sanmoon Fay », Éthiopiques, no 54, vol. 7, 2e semestre 1991 * ^ Institut fondamental d\'Afrique noire (IFAN), "Bulletin de l'Institut fondamental d'Afrique noire: Sciences humaines, Volume 46", IFAN (1985), p 232 * ^ Variation : Buur-Patar Kholé Diouf (see Diouf) * ^ Variations : Lâ (see Diouf) or Laah * ^ A B (in French)Ba, Abdou Bouri, "Essai sur l’histoire du Saloum
Saloum
et du Rip". Avant-propos par Charles Becker et Victor Martin, BIFAN, Tome 38, Série B, n° 4, octobre 1976, p 834 (p 14) * ^ Phillips, Lucie Colvin, Historical dictionary of Senegal, Scarecrow Press (1981), pp 52-71 ISBN 0-8108-1369-6 * ^ Institut fondamental d'Afrique noire, Bulletin de l'Institut fondamental d'Afrique noire, Volume 38. IFAN (1976), pp 557-504 * ^ Diouf, Niokhobaye, "Chronique du royaume du Sine", (1972), pp Suivie de notes sur les traditions orales et les sources écrites concernant le royaume du Sine par Charles Becker et Victor Martin. (1972). Bulletin de l'Ifan, Tome 34, Série B, n° 4, (1972), pp 709-732 (pp 6-19) * ^ See Joof family * ^ Variation : Niokhobaye Mane Niane Diouf * ^ (in French) Diouf, Niokhobaye, "Chronique du royaume du Sine", Suivie de notes sur les traditions orales et les sources écrites concernant le royaume du Sine par Charles Becker et Victor Martin. (1972). Bulletin de l'Ifan, Tome 34, Série B, n° 4, (1972). pp 712 (p 8) * ^ Variation : Guédiopal Niane Mane Diouf, proper : Gedj O Paal Ñaan Juuf in Serer (see Henry Gravrand , "La civilisation Sereer, vol. 2, Pangool
Pangool
, pp 32 and 474 * ^ A B Diouf, Niokhobaye, "Chronique du royaume du Sine", (1972), p 713 (p 8) * ^ Gravrand, Henry , "La civilisation Sereer, vol. 2. Pangool
Pangool
, Les Nouvelles Editions Africaines du Sénégal (1990), pp 32-33, ISBN 2-7236-1055-1 * ^ Variation : Amakodou Diouf * ^ Diouf, Niokhobaye, "Chronique du royaume du Sine", (1972), p 716 (p 11) * ^ A B Diouf, Niokhobaye, "Chronique du royaume du Sine", (1972), p 719 (p 12) * ^ Variation : Amakodou Samba Diouf * ^ Diouf, Niokhobaye, "Chronique du royaume du Sine", (1972), p 721 (p 14) * ^ Variations : Boukar Tjilas Mahé Soum Diouf or Boukar Tjilas Mahé Soum Diouf * ^ Diouf, Niokhobaye, "Chronique du royaume du Sine", (1972), p 723 (p 15) * ^ A B "Notes africaines, Issues 145-156", Institut fondamental d\'Afrique noire , Institut français d'Afrique noire, (1975), p 111 * ^ Other variation : Kodu Kumba Yandeh Mbarou, Codou Coumba Yandé Mbarou, etc. For Codou Coumba Yandé, see : "Notes africaines, Issues 145-156", Institut fondamental d'Afrique noire, Institut français d'Afrique noire, (1975), p 111 * ^ Diouf, Niokhobaye, "Chronique du royaume du Sine", (1972), p 723 (p 14) * ^ Variation : Dialgui Sira Diouf * ^ Diouf, Niokhobaye, "Chronique du royaume du Sine", (1972), p 731 (p 19) * ^ Variations : Mbackeh Kodu Njie, M'Backé Kodou N'Diaye or M'Backé Kodou Mack, see Klein, p XV, proper : Mbackeh Kodu Njaay in Serer * ^ A B Diouf, Niokhobaye, "Chronique du royaume du Sine", (1972), p 731-2 (p 19) * ^ Variation: Niokhobaye Semou Diouf or Niokhobaye Diouf * ^ Variation : Maléotane Diouf * ^ Ba, p 833 (p 13) * ^ A B List of kings of Saloum
Saloum
by king « Fodé Diouf » (Maad Saloum
Saloum
Fode N'Gouye Joof) Brigaud, Félix, "Histoire traditionnelle du Sénégal", Études sénégalaises, n° 9, St-Louis, CRDS, 1962, pp 161-162 Ba, Abdou Bouri, "Essai sur l’histoire du Saloum
Saloum
et du Rip". Avant-propos par Charles Becker et Victor Martin, BIFAN, Tome 38, Série B, n° 4, octobre 1976, p 828 (pp 10-) * ^ Variation : Amadiouf Diouf

BIBLIOGRAPHY

* Diouf, Niokhobaye, "Chronique du royaume du Sine", Suivie de notes sur les traditions orales et les sources écrites concernant le royaume du Sine par Charles Becker et Victor Martin. (1972). Bulletin de l'Ifan, Tome 34, Série B, n° 4, (1972). * La famille Juuf « L'épopée de Sanmoon Fay », Éthiopiques, no 54, vol. 7, 2e semestre 1991 * Sarr, Alioune , "Histoire du Sine-Saloum
Sine-Saloum
" (Sénégal ). Introduction, bibliographie et notes par Charles Becker. Version légèrement remaniée par rapport à celle qui est parue en 1986-87 (extract) * Klein, Martin. A., "Islam and Imperialism in Senegal
Senegal
Sine-Saloum