HOME
The Info List - The Rolling Stones


--- Advertisement ---



The Rolling Stones
The Rolling Stones
are an English rock band formed in London, England in 1962. The first stable line-up consisted of Brian Jones
Brian Jones
(guitar, harmonica), Mick Jagger
Mick Jagger
(lead vocals), Keith Richards
Keith Richards
(guitar, backing vocals), Bill Wyman
Bill Wyman
(bass), Charlie Watts
Charlie Watts
(drums), and Ian Stewart (piano). Stewart was removed from the official line-up in 1963 but continued as a touring member until his death in 1985. Jones left the band less than a month before his death in 1969, having already been replaced by Mick Taylor, who remained until 1974. After Taylor left the band, Ronnie Wood
Ronnie Wood
took his place in 1975 and has been on guitar in tandem with Richards ever since. Following Wyman's departure in 1993, Darryl Jones
Darryl Jones
joined as their touring bassist. Touring keyboardists for the band have been Nicky Hopkins
Nicky Hopkins
(1967–1982), Ian McLagan (1978–1981), Billy Preston
Billy Preston
(through the mid-1970s) and Chuck Leavell (1982–present). The band was first led by Brian Jones, but after developing into the band's songwriters, Jagger
Jagger
and Richards assumed leadership while Jones dealt with legal and personal troubles. The Rolling Stones
The Rolling Stones
were at the forefront of the British Invasion
British Invasion
of bands that became popular in the United States in 1964, and identified with the youthful and rebellious counterculture of the 1960s. Rooted in blues and early rock and roll, the group began a short period of musical experimentation in the mid-1960s that peaked with the psychedelic album Their Satanic Majesties Request
Their Satanic Majesties Request
(1967). Subsequently, the group returned to its "bluesy" roots with Beggars Banquet (1968) which along with its follow-ups Let It Bleed
Let It Bleed
(1969), Sticky Fingers
Sticky Fingers
(1971) and Exile on Main St.
Exile on Main St.
(1972) is generally considered to be the band's best work and is seen as their "Golden Age". During this period, they were first introduced on stage as "The Greatest Rock and Roll Band in the World".[1][2] Musicologist Robert Palmer attributed the endurance of the Rolling Stones to their being "rooted in traditional verities, in rhythm-and-blues and soul music", while "more ephemeral pop fashions have come and gone".[3] The band continued to release commercially successful albums, including Some Girls
Some Girls
(1978) and Tattoo You
Tattoo You
(1981), which were their most popular albums worldwide. From 1983 to 1987, tensions between Jagger
Jagger
and Richards almost caused the band to split. However, they managed to patch up their friendship after they separated temporarily to work on solo projects, and experienced a comeback with Steel Wheels (1989), which was followed by a large stadium and arena tour. Since the 1990s, new recorded material from the group has been less well-received and less frequent. Despite this, the Rolling Stones have continued to be a huge attraction on the live circuit, with stadium tours in the 1990s and 2000s. By 2007, the band had four of the top five highest-grossing concert tours of all time: Voodoo Lounge
Voodoo Lounge
Tour (1994–1995), Bridges to Babylon Tour (1997–1998), Licks Tour (2002–2003) and A Bigger Bang Tour
A Bigger Bang Tour
(2005–2007).[4] The Rolling Stones
The Rolling Stones
were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1989 and the UK Music Hall of Fame in 2004. Rolling Stone
Rolling Stone
magazine ranked them fourth on the "100 Greatest Artists of All Time" list and their estimated album sales are above 250 million. They have released 30 studio albums, 18 live albums and numerous compilations. Let It Bleed (1969) was their first of five consecutive No. 1 studio and live albums in the UK. Sticky Fingers
Sticky Fingers
(1971) was the first of eight consecutive No. 1 studio albums in the US. In 2008, the band ranked 10th on the Billboard Hot 100
Billboard Hot 100
All-Time Top Artists chart. In 2012, the band celebrated its 50th anniversary.

Contents

1 History

1.1 Early history 1.2 1962–1964: Building a following 1.3 1965–1967: Height of fame 1.4 1968–1972: "Back to basics" 1.5 1972–1977: Critical fluctuations and Ronnie Wood 1.6 1978–1982: Commercial peak 1.7 1983–1988: Band turmoil and solo efforts 1.8 1989–1999: Comeback, return to popularity, and record-breaking tours 1.9 2000–2011: A Bigger Bang
A Bigger Bang
and continued success 1.10 2012–present: 50th anniversary and covers album

2 Musical development 3 Legacy 4 Tours 5 Band members 6 Discography 7 See also 8 Notes 9 References

9.1 Footnotes 9.2 Sources

10 Further reading 11 External links

History[edit] Early history[edit] Keith Richards
Keith Richards
and Mick Jagger
Mick Jagger
became childhood friends and classmates in 1950 in Dartford, Kent,[5][6] before the Jagger
Jagger
family moved to Wilmington, five miles (8.05 km) away, in 1954.[7] In the mid-1950s, Jagger
Jagger
formed a garage band with his friend Dick Taylor; the group mainly played material by Muddy Waters, Chuck Berry, Little Richard, Howlin' Wolf
Howlin' Wolf
and Bo Diddley.[7] Jagger
Jagger
met Richards again in 1960 on platform two of Dartford
Dartford
railway station,[8] and the Chuck Berry and Muddy Waters
Muddy Waters
records that Jagger
Jagger
was carrying revealed a common interest. A musical partnership began shortly afterwards.[8][9] Richards joined Jagger
Jagger
and Taylor at frequent meetings at Jagger's house. The meetings switched to Taylor's house in late 1961, where the three were joined by Alan Etherington and Bob Beckwith; the quintet called themselves the Blues
Blues
Boys.[10] In March 1962, the Blues
Blues
Boys read about the Ealing Jazz Club
Ealing Jazz Club
in Jazz News newspaper, which mentioned Alexis Korner's rhythm and blues band, Blues
Blues
Incorporated. The group sent a tape of their best recordings to Korner, who was favourably impressed.[11] On 7 April, Korner visited Ealing Jazz Club, where they met the members of Blues
Blues
Incorporated, who included the slide guitarist Brian Jones, the keyboardist Ian Stewart and the drummer Charlie Watts.[11] After a meeting with Korner, Jagger
Jagger
and Richards started jamming with the group.[11] Jones, no longer in a band, advertised for bandmates in Jazz Weekly, while Stewart found them a practice space;[12] together they decided to start a band playing Chicago blues. Soon after, Jagger, Taylor and Richards left Blues
Blues
Incorporated to join Jones and Stewart. At the first rehearsal were also the guitarist Geoff Bradford and the vocalist Brian Knight, both of whom decided not to join the band, citing objections to playing the Chuck Berry
Chuck Berry
and Bo Diddley
Bo Diddley
songs preferred by Jagger
Jagger
and Richards.[13] In June 1962 the line-up of Jagger, Richards, Jones, Stewart and Taylor was completed with the addition of the drummer Tony Chapman. According to Richards, Jones named the band during a phone call to Jazz News. When asked by a journalist for the band's name, Jones saw a Muddy Waters
Muddy Waters
LP lying on the floor; one of the tracks was "Rollin' Stone".[14][15] 1962–1964: Building a following[edit]

The back room of what was the Crawdaddy Club
Crawdaddy Club
in Richmond, London
London
where the Rolling Stones had their first residency in 1963

Jones, Jagger, Richards, Stewart and Taylor played a gig billed as "the Rollin' Stones" on 12 July 1962, at the Marquee Club
Marquee Club
in London.[16][17][a] Shortly afterwards the band went on their first tour of the UK, which they called a "training ground" tour, because it was a new experience for all of them. Their material included the Chicago blues
Chicago blues
as well as Chuck Berry
Chuck Berry
and Bo Diddley
Bo Diddley
songs.[20] At that time, the line-up included neither bassist Bill Wyman, who joined in December 1962, nor drummer Charlie Watts, who joined in January 1963, thus completing the band's original rhythm section.[21][22] By 1963 they were finding their musical stride as well as popularity,[23] and in 1964 two unscientific opinion polls rated them as Britain's most popular group, even outranking the Beatles.[24] The name of the band was changed shortly after their first gig to "The Rolling Stones".[25][26] The group's then acting manager Giorgio Gomelsky secured a Sunday afternoon residency at the Crawdaddy Club
Crawdaddy Club
in Richmond in February 1963,[27] which, Gomelsky claimed, triggered an "international renaissance for the blues".[28] In May 1963, The Rolling Stones
The Rolling Stones
signed Andrew Loog Oldham
Andrew Loog Oldham
as their manager;[29] he was a former publicist who had been directed to the band by his previous clients, the Beatles.[30][17] Because Oldham was only nineteen and had not reached the age of majority—he was also younger than anyone in the band—he could not get an agent's licence nor sign any contracts without his mother also signing.[30] By necessity he joined with booking agent Eric Easton[31] in order to secure record financing and assistance booking venues.[32] Gomelsky, who had no written agreement with the band, was not consulted.[33] Initially, Oldham tried to apply the strategy used by Brian Epstein, the Beatles' manager: making the band members wear suits. Later, he changed his mind and imagined a band which contrasted with the Beatles, featuring unmatched clothing, long hair, an unclean appearance. He later said he wanted to make the Stones "a raunchy, gamy, unpredictable bunch of undesirables" and to "establish that the Stones were threatening, uncouth and animalistic".[34] Stewart left the official line-up, but remained road manager and touring keyboardist. On Stewart's decision, Oldham later said "Well, he just doesn't look the part, and six is too many for [fans] to remember the faces in the picture."[35] Later, Oldham reduced the ages of the band members in publicity to make them appear as teenagers.[36] Decca Records, which had declined to enter into a deal with the Beatles, gave the Rolling Stones a recording contract with favourable terms.[37] The band got three times a new act's typical royalty rate, full artistic control of recordings and ownership of the recording master tapes.[38][39] The deal also let the band use non-Decca recording studios. Regent Sound Studios, a mono facility equipped with egg boxes on the ceiling for sound treatment, became their preferred location.[40][41] Oldham, who had no recording experience but made himself the band's producer, said Regent had a sound that "leaked, instrument-to-instrument, the right way" creating a "wall of noise" that worked well for the band.[39][42] Because of Regent's low booking rates, the band could record for extended periods rather than the usual three-hour blocks then common at other studios. All tracks on the first Rolling Stones album were recorded there.[43][44] Oldham contrasted the Rolling Stones' independence with the Beatles' obligation to record in EMI's studios, saying it made them appear as "mere mortals ... sweating in the studio for the man".[45] He promoted the Rolling Stones as the nasty counterpoints to the Beatles by having the band pose unsmiling on the cover of their first album. He also encouraged the press to use provocative headlines such as "Would you let your daughter marry a Rolling Stone?",[46][47] although Wyman says "Our reputation and image as the Bad Boys came later, completely there, accidentally. ... [Oldham] never did engineer it. He simply exploited it exhaustively".[48] In a 1972 interview, Wyman stated "We were the first pop group to break away from the whole Cliff Richard
Cliff Richard
thing where the bands did little dance steps, wore identical uniforms and had snappy patter."[49] A cover version of Chuck Berry's "Come On" was the Rolling Stones' first single, released on 7 June 1963. The band refused to play it at live gigs,[50] and Decca bought only one ad to promote the record. With Oldham's direction, fan-club members bought copies at record shops polled by the charts,[51] helping "Come On" rise to No. 21 on the UK Singles Chart.[52] Having a charting single gave the band entree to play outside London, starting with a booking at the Outlook Club in Middlesbrough on 13 July, sharing the billing with the Hollies.[53][b] Later in 1963 Oldham and Easton arranged the band's first big UK concert tour as a supporting act for American stars including Bo Diddley, Little Richard
Little Richard
and the Everly Brothers. The tour gave the band the opportunity to hone their stagecraft.[39][55][56] During the tour the band recorded their second single, a Lennon–McCartney-penned number entitled "I Wanna Be Your Man";[57] it reached No. 12 in the UK charts. "I Wanna Be Your Man" was written and given to the Stones when John Lennon
John Lennon
and Paul McCartney visited them in the studio as the two Beatles liked to give the copyrights to songs away to their friends.[58] A Beatles version of the song was also recorded and released on the 1963 album With the Beatles.[59] The third single by the Stones, Buddy Holly's "Not Fade Away", itself based on Bo Diddley's style, was released in February 1964 and reached No. 3.[60] Oldham saw little future for an act that lost significant songwriting royalties by playing songs of what he described as "middle-aged blacks", limiting the appeal to teenage audiences. Jagger
Jagger
and Richards decided to write songs together, the first batch of which Oldham described as "soppy and imitative".[61] Because the band's songwriting developed slowly, songs on their first album The Rolling Stones
The Rolling Stones
(1964; issued in the US as England's Newest Hit Makers), were primarily covers, with only one Jagger/Richards
Jagger/Richards
original—"Tell Me (You're Coming Back)"—and two numbers credited to Nanker Phelge, the pen name for songs written by the entire group.[62] The Rolling Stones' first US tour in June 1964 was, according to Wyman, "a disaster. ... When we arrived, we didn't have a hit record [there] or anything going for us."[63] When the band appeared on the variety show The Hollywood Palace, that week's guest host Dean Martin mocked both their hair and their performance.[64] During the tour they recorded for two days at Chess Studios
Chess Studios
in Chicago, meeting many of their most important influences, including Muddy Waters.[65][66] These sessions included what would become the Rolling Stones' first No. 1 hit in the UK, their cover version of Bobby and Shirley Womack's "It's All Over Now".[67] The Stones followed the Famous Flames—featuring James Brown—in the filmed theatrical release of the 1964 film T.A.M.I. Show, which showcased American acts with British Invasion
British Invasion
artists. According to Jagger, "We weren't actually following James Brown
James Brown
because there was considerable time between the filming of each section. Nevertheless, he was still very annoyed about it ..."[68] On 25 October the band also appeared on The Ed Sullivan Show. Because of the initial pandemonium the Rolling Stones caused, Sullivan banned the band from his show,[69] though he booked them for subsequent appearances in the following years.[70] Their second LP, 12 X 5, which was only available in the US, was released during the tour.[71] During the early Stones releases, Richards was typically credited as 'Richard'.[72][73][74] The Rolling Stones' fifth UK single, a cover of Willie Dixon's "Little Red Rooster"—with "Off the Hook", credited to Nanker Phelge, as the B-side—was released in November 1964 and became their second No. 1 hit in the UK.[60] The band's US distributors, London Records, declined to release "Little Red Rooster" as a single. In December 1964, the distributor released the band's first single with Jagger/Richards
Jagger/Richards
originals on both sides: "Heart of Stone", with "What a Shame" as the B-side; the single went to No. 19 in the US.[75] 1965–1967: Height of fame[edit]

The Rolling Stones
The Rolling Stones
performing at Georgia Southern College in Statesboro, Georgia, May 1965.

The band's second UK LP, The Rolling Stones
The Rolling Stones
No. 2, was released in January 1965 and reached No. 1 in the charts. The US version was released in February as The Rolling Stones, Now!
The Rolling Stones, Now!
and reached No. 5. The album was recorded at Chess Studios
Chess Studios
in Chicago and RCA Studios in Los Angeles.[76] In January and February that year the band played 34 shows for around 100,000 people in Australia and New Zealand.[77] The single "The Last Time", released in February, was the first Jagger/Richards
Jagger/Richards
composition to reach No. 1 in the UK charts;[60] it reached No. 9 in the US. It was later identified by Richards as "the bridge into thinking about writing for the Stones. It gave us a level of confidence; a pathway of how to do it."[78] Their first international No. 1 hit was "(I Can't Get No) Satisfaction", recorded in May 1965 during the band's third North American tour. Richards recorded the guitar riff that drives the song with a fuzzbox, planning to be a scratch track to guide a horn section. Nevertheless, the final cut was without the planned horn overdubs. Issued in the summer of 1965, it was their fourth UK No. 1 and first in the US where it spent four weeks at the top of the Billboard Hot 100, establishing worldwide commercial success for the band.[78][79] The US version of the LP Out of Our Heads, released in July 1965, also went to No 1; it included seven original songs, three Jagger/Richards
Jagger/Richards
numbers and four credited to Nanker Phelge.[80] Their second international No. 1 single, "Get Off of My Cloud" was released in the autumn of 1965,[70] followed by another US-only LP, December's Children.[81]

A trade ad for the 1965 Rolling Stones' North American tour

The album Aftermath, released in the late spring of 1966, was the first LP to be composed entirely of Jagger/Richards
Jagger/Richards
songs;[82] it reached No. 1 in the UK and No. 2 in the US.[83] On this album Jones' contributions expanded beyond guitar and harmonica. To the Middle Eastern-influenced "Paint It, Black"[c] he added sitar, to the ballad "Lady Jane" he added dulcimer and to "Under My Thumb" he added marimbas. Aftermath also contained "Goin' Home", a nearly 12-minute-long song that included elements of jamming and improvisation.[84] The Stones' success on the British and American singles charts peaked during the 1960s.[85][86] "19th Nervous Breakdown"[87] was released in February 1966, and reached No. 2 in the UK[88] and US charts;[89] "Paint It, Black" reached No. 1 in the UK and US in May 1966.[60][86] "Mother's Little Helper", released in June 1966, reached No. 8 in the US;[89] it was one of the first pop songs to address the issue of prescription drug abuse.[90][91] "Have You Seen Your Mother, Baby, Standing in the Shadow?" was released in September 1966 and reached No. 5 in the UK[92] and No. 9 in the US.[89] It had a number of firsts for the group: it was the first Stones recording to feature brass horns, the back-cover photo on the original US picture sleeve depicted the group satirically dressed in drag and the song was accompanied by one of the first official music videos, directed by Peter Whitehead.[93][94] January 1967 saw the release of Between the Buttons
Between the Buttons
(UK No. 3; US 2); the album was Andrew Oldham's last venture as the Rolling Stones' producer; Oldham's role as the band's manager was taken over by Allen Klein in 1965 to "get [them] out of the original English scene"[95] and due to Oldham's fear, after the 12 February drug bust in Sussex, of being arrested.[96][97] The US version included the double A-side single "Let's Spend the Night Together" and "Ruby Tuesday",[98] which went to No. 1 in the US and No. 3 in the UK. When the band went to New York to perform the numbers on The Ed Sullivan Show, they were ordered to change the lyrics of the refrain to "let's spend some time together".[99][100] In early 1967, Jagger, Richards and Jones began to be hounded by authorities over their recreational drug use, after News of the World ran a three-part feature entitled "Pop Stars and Drugs: Facts That Will Shock You".[101] The series described alleged LSD
LSD
parties hosted by the Moody Blues
Blues
and attended by top stars including the Who's Pete Townshend and Cream's Ginger Baker, and alleged admissions of drug use by leading pop musicians. The first article targeted Donovan
Donovan
(who was raided and charged soon after); the second instalment (published on 5 February) targeted the Rolling Stones.[102] A reporter who contributed to the story spent an evening at the exclusive London
London
club Blaise's, where a member of the Rolling Stones allegedly took several Benzedrine tablets, displayed a piece of hashish and invited his companions back to his flat for a "smoke". The article claimed that this was Mick Jagger, but it turned out to be a case of mistaken identity; the reporter had in fact been eavesdropping on Brian Jones. On the night the article was published Jagger
Jagger
appeared on the Eamonn Andrews chat show and announced that he was filing a writ for libel against the News of the World.[103][102]

Brian Jones, 1965

A week later on 12 February, Sussex police, tipped off by the paper, who in turn were tipped off by Richards' chauffeur,[104] raided a party at Keith Richards' home, Redlands. No arrests were made at the time but Jagger, Richards and their friend art dealer Robert Fraser were subsequently charged with drug offences. Richards said in 2003, "When we got busted at Redlands, it suddenly made us realize that this was a whole different ball game and that was when the fun stopped. Up until then it had been as though London
London
existed in a beautiful space where you could do anything you wanted."[105] On the treatment of the man responsible for the raid he later added: "As I heard it, he never walked the same again."[104] In March 1967, while awaiting the consequences of the police raid, Jagger, Richards and Jones took a short trip to Morocco, accompanied by Marianne Faithfull, Jones' girlfriend Anita Pallenberg and other friends. During this trip the stormy relations between Jones and Pallenberg deteriorated to the point that Pallenberg left Morocco
Morocco
with Richards.[106] Richards said later: "That was the final nail in the coffin with me and Brian. He'd never forgive me for that and I don't blame him, but hell, shit happens."[107] Richards and Pallenberg would remain a couple for twelve years. Despite these complications, the Rolling Stones toured Europe in March and April 1967. The tour included the band's first performances in Poland, Greece, and Italy.[108] On 10 May 1967, the same day Jagger, Richards and Fraser were arraigned in connection with the Redlands charges, Jones' house was raided by police and he was arrested and charged with possession of cannabis.[99] Three out of five Rolling Stones now faced drug charges. Jagger
Jagger
and Richards were tried at the end of June. On 29 June, Jagger received a three-month prison sentence for the possession of four amphetamine tablets; Richards was found guilty of allowing cannabis to be smoked on his property and sentenced to one year in prison.[109][110] Both Jagger
Jagger
and Richards were imprisoned at that point, but were released on bail the next day pending appeal.[111] The Times ran the famous editorial entitled "Who breaks a butterfly on a wheel?" in which conservative editor William Rees-Mogg surprised his readers by his unusually critical discourse on the sentencing, pointing out that Jagger
Jagger
had been treated far more harshly for a minor first offence than "any purely anonymous young man".[112] While awaiting the appeal hearings, the band recorded a new single, "We Love You", as a thank-you for the loyalty shown by their fans. It began with the sound of prison doors closing, and the accompanying music video included allusions to the trial of Oscar Wilde.[113][114][115] On 31 July, the appeals court overturned Richards' conviction, and Jagger's sentence was reduced to a conditional discharge.[116] Jones' trial took place in November 1967; in December, after appealing the original prison sentence, Jones received a £1,000 fine and was put on three years' probation, with an order to seek professional help.[117] December 1967 also saw the release of Their Satanic Majesties Request (UK No. 3; US No. 2), which received unfavourable reviews and was widely regarded as a poor imitation of the Beatles' Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band.[118][119] Satanic Majesties had been recorded in difficult circumstances while Jagger, Richards and Jones were dealing with their court cases. The band parted ways with Oldham during the sessions. The split was amicable, at least publicly,[120] but in 2003 Jagger
Jagger
said: "The reason Andrew left was because he thought that we weren't concentrating and that we were being childish. It was not a great moment really – and I would have thought it wasn't a great moment for Andrew either. There were a lot of distractions and you always need someone to focus you at that point, that was Andrew's job."[99] Satanic Majesties thus became the first album the Rolling Stones produced on their own. Its psychedelic sound was complemented by the cover art, which featured a 3D photo by Michael Cooper, who had also photographed the cover of Sgt. Pepper. Bill Wyman
Bill Wyman
wrote and sang a track on the album: "In Another Land", which was also released as a single, the first on which Jagger
Jagger
did not sing lead.[121] 1968–1972: "Back to basics"[edit]

Keith Richards, 1972

The band spent the first few months of 1968 working on material for their next album. Those sessions resulted in the song "Jumpin' Jack Flash", released as a single in May. The song and the subsequent album, Beggars Banquet
Beggars Banquet
(UK No. 3; US 5), an eclectic mix of country and blues-inspired tunes, marked the band's return to their roots, and the beginning of their collaboration with producer Jimmy Miller. It featured the lead single "Street Fighting Man" (which addressed the political upheavals of May 1968) and "Sympathy for the Devil".[122][123] Beggars Banquet
Beggars Banquet
was delayed for nearly six months due to controversy over the design of the album cover, which featured a public toilet with graffiti covering the walls of the stall.[124] Beggars Banquet was well received at the time of release. Richards said, "There is a change between material on Satanic Majesties and Beggars Banquet. I'd grown sick to death of the whole Maharishi guru shit and the beads and bells. Who knows where these things come from, but I guess [the music] was a reaction to what we'd done in our time off and also that severe dose of reality. A spell in prison ... will certainly give you room for thought ... I was fucking pissed with being busted. So it was, 'Right we'll go and strip this thing down.' There's a lot of anger in the music from that period."[125] The end of 1968 saw the filming of The Rolling Stones
The Rolling Stones
Rock and Roll Circus, which originally started as an idea about "the new shape of the rock-and-roll concert tour".[17] It featured John Lennon, Yoko Ono, the Dirty Mac, the Who, Jethro Tull, Marianne Faithfull, and Taj Mahal. The footage was shelved for twenty-eight years but was finally released officially in 1996,[126] with a DVD
DVD
version released in October 2004.[127] By the release of Beggars Banquet, Brian Jones
Brian Jones
was only sporadically contributing to the band. Jagger
Jagger
said that Jones was "not psychologically suited to this way of life".[128] His drug use had become a hindrance, and he was unable to obtain a US visa. Richards reported that, in a June meeting with Jagger, Richards, and Watts at Jones' house, Jones admitted that he was unable to "go on the road again", and left the band, saying, "I've left, and if I want to I can come back".[9] On 3 July 1969, less than a month later, Jones drowned in the swimming pool under mysterious circumstances at his home, Cotchford Farm, in Hartfield, East Sussex.[129]

Mick Taylor
Mick Taylor
(pictured in 1972) is, in part, responsible for the Stones' new sound in the early 1970s. Replacing Brian Jones
Brian Jones
in 1969, Taylor came from John Mayall's Bluesbreakers and was a member of the Stones until 1974

The Rolling Stones
The Rolling Stones
were scheduled to play at a free concert for Blackhill Enterprises in London's Hyde Park, two days after Jones' death; they decided to proceed with the show as a tribute to him. The concert, their first with new guitarist Mick Taylor, was performed in front of an estimated 250,000 fans.[99] The performance was filmed by a Granada Television
Granada Television
production team, and was shown on British television as The Stones in the Park.[2] The Blackhill Enterprises stage manager Sam Cutler
Sam Cutler
introduced the Rolling Stones on to the stage by announcing;

“Let's welcome the Greatest Rock and Roll Band in the World."[1][130]

Cutler repeated the description throughout their 1969 US tour, a label which has stuck to this day (Cutler left Blackhill Enterprises to become the Stones' road manager following the Hyde Park concert).[131][132] Jagger
Jagger
read an excerpt from Shelley's poem Adonaïs, an elegy written on the death of his friend John Keats, and they released thousands of butterflies in memory of Jones[99] before opening their set with "I'm Yours and I'm Hers", a Johnny Winter number.[130] Also performed, but previously unheard by the audience, were "Midnight Rambler" and "Love in Vain" from their forthcoming album Let It Bleed
Let It Bleed
(released December 1969) and "Give Me A Drink" which eventually appeared on Exile on Main St.
Exile on Main St.
(released May 1972). The show also included the concert debut of "Honky Tonk Women", which the band had just released the previous day.[133][134][135]

"Gimme Shelter"

Sample of "Gimme Shelter" by the Rolling Stones, from Let It Bleed (1969)

"Brown Sugar"

Sample of "Brown Sugar" by the Rolling Stones, from Sticky Fingers (1971)

Problems playing these files? See media help.

Their last album of the sixties, Let It Bleed
Let It Bleed
(UK No. 1; US 3)[73] featured "Gimme Shelter" with guest lead female vocals from Merry Clayton (sister of Sam Clayton, of the American rock band Little Feat).[136] Other tracks include "You Can't Always Get What You Want" (with accompaniment by the London
London
Bach Choir, who initially asked for their name to be removed from the album's credits after being apparently 'horrified' by the content of some of its other material, but later withdrew this request), "Midnight Rambler" as well as a cover of Robert Johnson's "Love in Vain". Jones and Taylor are both featured on the album.[137] Just after the US tour the band performed at the Altamont Free Concert at the Altamont Speedway, about 50 miles east of San Francisco. The biker gang Hells Angels
Hells Angels
provided security, and a fan, Meredith Hunter, was stabbed and beaten to death by the Angels after they realised that he was armed.[138] Part of the tour and the Altamont concert were documented in Albert and David Maysles' film Gimme Shelter. As a response to the growing popularity of bootleg recordings (in particular Live'r Than You'll Ever Be, recorded during the 1969 tour), the album Get Yer Ya-Yas Out! (UK 1; US 6) was released in 1970; it was declared by critic Lester Bangs
Lester Bangs
to be the best ever live album.[139] At the end of the decade the band appeared on the BBC's review of the sixties music scene Pop Go the Sixties, performing "Gimme Shelter", which was broadcast live on 31 December 1969. That following year, the band wanted out of contracts with both Klein and Decca, but still owed them a Jagger/Richards
Jagger/Richards
credited single. To get back at the label, and fulfil their final contractual obligation, the band came up with the track "Schoolboy Blues" – deliberately making it as crude as they could in hopes of forcing Decca to keep it "in the vaults."[140] Amid contractual disputes with Klein, they formed their own record company, Rolling Stones Records. Sticky Fingers
Sticky Fingers
(UK No. 1; US No. 1), released in March 1971, the band's first album on their own label, featured an elaborate cover design by Andy Warhol.[141] The cover of the album was an  Andy Warhol
Andy Warhol
photograph of a man in tight jeans (from the waist down) featuring a functioning zipper. When unzipped, it revealed the subject's underwear, imprinted with a saying – "This Is Not Etc."[141] In some markets, an alternate cover was released due to the zippered cover's offensive nature at the time.[141][142] The Stones' Decca catalogue is currently owned by Klein's ABKCO label.[143][144][145] In 1968, the Stones, following a suggestion by pianist Ian Stewart, put a control room in a van and created a mobile recording studio so that they would not be limited to the standard 9–5 hours most recording studios operated by.[146] The band lent the mobile studio out to other artists,[146][147] including Led Zeppelin, which used it to record Led Zeppelin III (1970)[148] and Led Zeppelin IV (1971).[146][148]

The Rolling Stones' logo, designed by John Pasche and modified by Craig Braun,[149] was introduced in 1971

Sticky Fingers
Sticky Fingers
was the first to feature the logo of Rolling Stones Records, which effectively became the band's logo. It consisted of a pair of lips with a lapping tongue. Designer John Pasche created the logo following a suggestion by Jagger
Jagger
to copy the outstuck tongue of the Hindu
Hindu
goddess Kali.[149] Critic Sean Egan has said of the logo, "Without using the Stones' name, it instantly conjures them, or at least Jagger, as well as a certain lasciviousness that is the Stones' own ... It quickly and deservedly became the most famous logo in the history of popular music."[150] The tongue and lips design was part of a package that, in 2003, VH1
VH1
named the "No. 1 Greatest Album Cover" of all time.[141] The album contains one of their best known hits, "Brown Sugar", and the country-influenced "Dead Flowers". Both were recorded at Alabama's Muscle Shoals Sound Studio
Muscle Shoals Sound Studio
during the 1969 American tour. The album continued the band's immersion into heavily blues-influenced compositions. The album is noted for its "loose, ramshackle ambience"[151] and marked Mick Taylor's first full release with the band.[152][153] Following the release of Sticky Fingers, the Rolling Stones left England after receiving financial advice from their financial manager at the time, Prince Rupert Loewenstein, recommending that they go into tax exile before the start of the next financial year. They had learned that despite promises made that taxes were taken care of, they had not been paid for seven years and that they owed the UK government a relative fortune that could have meant the end of the band.[154] They moved to the South of France, where Richards rented the Villa Nellcôte
Nellcôte
and sublet rooms to band members and entourage. Using the Rolling Stones Mobile Studio, they held recording sessions in the basement; they completed the resulting tracks, along with material dating as far back as 1969, at Sunset Studios in Los Angeles. The resulting double album, Exile on Main St.
Exile on Main St.
(UK No. 1; US No. 1), was released in May 1972. Given an A+ grade by critic Robert Christgau[155] and disparaged by Lester Bangs
Lester Bangs
– who reversed his opinion within months – Exile is now accepted as one of the Stones' best albums.[156] The films Cocksucker Blues
Blues
(never officially released) and Ladies and Gentlemen: The Rolling Stones
The Rolling Stones
(released in 1974) document the subsequent highly publicised 1972 North American Tour.[157] The band's double compilation, Hot Rocks 1964–1971, was released in 1972; it reached number 3 in the UK charts[158] and No. 4 in the US.[159] It is certified Diamond in the US having sold over 12 million copies, and has spent over 264 weeks on the Billboard album chart.[160] In 1974 Wyman released his first solo album, Monkey Grip, making him the first Rolling Stone
Rolling Stone
to release solo material.[161] As of 2017 Wyman has published five solo albums, with the most recent, Back to Basics, released in 2015.[161][162] 1972–1977: Critical fluctuations and Ronnie Wood[edit] Members of the band set up a complex financial structure in 1972 to reduce payment of taxes.[163][164] Their holding company, Promogroup, has offices in both The Netherlands and the Caribbean.[163][164] The Netherlands was chosen because it does not directly tax royalty payments. The band has been tax exiles ever since, meaning they no longer can use Britain as their main residence. Due to the arrangements with the holding company, the band has reportedly paid a tax of just 1.6% on their total earnings of £242 million over the past 20 years.[163][164] In November 1972 the band began recording sessions in Kingston, Jamaica for the album Goats Head Soup; it was released in 1973 and reached No. 1 in both the UK and US. The album, which contained the worldwide hit "Angie", proved to be the first in a string of commercially successful but tepidly received studio albums.[165] The sessions for Goats Head Soup
Goats Head Soup
contained unused material, most notably an early version of the popular ballad "Waiting on a Friend", which was not released until the LP Tattoo You
Tattoo You
eight years later.[166]

Bill Wyman, 1975

The making of Goats Head Soup
Goats Head Soup
was interrupted by another legal battle over drugs, dating back to their stay in France; a warrant for Richards' arrest had been issued, and the other band members had to return briefly to France for questioning.[167] This, along with Jagger's 1967 and 1970 convictions on drug charges, complicated the band's plans for their Pacific tour in early 1973: they were denied permission to play in Japan and almost banned from Australia. This was followed by a European tour in September and October 1973 which bypassed France, prior to which Richards had been arrested once more on drug charges, this time in England.[168] The 1974 album It's Only Rock 'n Roll
It's Only Rock 'n Roll
was recorded in the Musicland studios in Munich, Germany; it reached No. 2 in the UK and No. 1 in the US.[169] Miller was not invited,[169] and Jagger
Jagger
and Richards produced the album under the credit of "the Glimmer Twins".[170] Both the album and the single of the same name were hits.[171][172][173] Near the end of 1974, Taylor began to lose patience.[174] The band's situation made normal functioning complicated, with band members living in different countries, and legal barriers restricting where they could tour. In addition, drug use was starting to affect Richards' productivity, and Taylor felt some of his own creative contributions were going unrecognised.[175] At the end of 1974, with a recording session already booked in Munich to record another album, Taylor quit the Rolling Stones.[176] Taylor said in 1980, "I was getting a bit fed up. I wanted to broaden my scope as a guitarist and do something else ... I wasn't really composing songs or writing at that time. I was just beginning to write, and that influenced my decision ... There are some people who can just ride along from crest to crest; they can ride along somebody else's success. And there are some people for whom that's not enough. It really wasn't enough for me."[177]

Ronnie Wood
Ronnie Wood
(left) and Jagger
Jagger
(right) in Chicago, 1975

The Rolling Stones
The Rolling Stones
needed to find a new guitarist, and the recording sessions for the next album, Black and Blue
Black and Blue
(UK 2; US 1) (1976) in Munich provided an opportunity for some hopefuls to work while trying out for the band. Guitarists as stylistically disparate as Peter Frampton and Jeff Beck
Jeff Beck
were auditioned as well as Robert A. Johnson and Shuggie Otis. Both Beck and Irish blues rock guitarist Rory Gallagher later claimed that they had played without realising they were being auditioned, and both agreed that they would never have joined. American session players Wayne Perkins and Harvey Mandel
Harvey Mandel
also tried out but Richards and Jagger
Jagger
had a preference for the band to remain purely British. When Ronnie Wood
Ronnie Wood
auditioned, everyone agreed that he was the right choice.[178] He had already recorded and played live with Richards, and had contributed to the recording and writing of the track "It's Only Rock 'n Roll". He had earlier declined Jagger's offer to join the Stones, because of his commitment to the Faces, saying "that's what's really important to me".[179] Faces' lead singer Rod Stewart
Rod Stewart
went so far as to say he would take bets that Wood would not join the Stones.[179] Wood officially joined the Rolling Stones in 1975 for their upcoming Tour of the Americas, while the Faces disbanded. Unlike the other band members, however, Wood was paid an employee's salary, and that remained the case until the early 1990s, when he finally joined the Rolling Stones' business partnership.[180]

Jagger
Jagger
in 1976

The 1975 Tour of the Americas kicked off in New York City with the band performing on a flatbed trailer being pulled down Broadway. The tour featured stage props including a giant phallus and a rope on which Jagger
Jagger
swung out over the audience. Jagger
Jagger
had booked live recording sessions at the El Mocambo
El Mocambo
club in Toronto to balance a long-overdue live album, 1977's Love You Live
Love You Live
(UK 3; US 5), the first Stones live album since Get Yer Ya-Ya's Out!.[181] Richards' addiction to heroin delayed his arrival in Toronto; the other members had already arrived, waiting for him, and sent him a telegram asking him where he was. On 24 February 1977, when Richards and his family flew in from London, they were temporarily detained by Canada Customs
Canada Customs
after Richards was found in possession of a burnt spoon and hash residue. Three days later, the Royal Canadian Mounted Police, armed with an arrest warrant for Pallenberg, discovered 22 grams of heroin in Richards' room.[182] Richards was charged with importing narcotics into Canada, an offence that carried a minimum seven-year sentence.[183]

El Mocambo
El Mocambo
where part of the live album Love You Live
Love You Live
was recorded in 1977

Later the Crown prosecutor conceded that Richards had procured the drugs after arrival.[184] Despite the incident, the band played two shows in Toronto, only to raise more controversy when Margaret Trudeau, then-wife of Canadian Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau, was seen partying with the band after one show. The band's two shows were not advertised to the public. Instead, the El Mocambo
El Mocambo
had been booked for the entire week by April Wine
April Wine
for a recording session. 1050 CHUM, a local radio station, ran a contest for free tickets to see April Wine. Contest winners who selected tickets for Friday or Saturday night were surprised to find the Rolling Stones playing.[185] On 4 March, Richards' partner Anita Pallenberg pleaded guilty to drug possession and incurred a fine in connection with the original airport incident.[185] The drug case against Richards dragged on for over a year. Ultimately, Richards received a suspended sentence and was ordered to play two free concerts for the CNIB
CNIB
in Oshawa;[184] both shows featured the Rolling Stones and the New Barbarians, a group that Wood had put together to promote his latest solo album, and which Richards also joined. This episode strengthened Richards' resolve to stop using heroin.[99] It also ended his relationship with Pallenberg, which had become strained since the death of their third child, Tara. Pallenberg was unable to curb her heroin addiction while Richards struggled to get clean.[186] While Richards was settling his legal and personal problems, Jagger
Jagger
continued his jet-set lifestyle. He was a regular at New York's Studio 54
Studio 54
disco club, often in the company of model Jerry Hall. His marriage to Bianca Jagger
Bianca Jagger
ended in 1977, although they had long been estranged.[187] Although the Rolling Stones remained popular through the early 1970s, music critics had begun to grow dismissive of the band's output, and record sales failed to meet expectations.[70] By the mid-1970s, after punk rock became influential, many people had begun to view the Rolling Stones as an outdated band.[188] 1978–1982: Commercial peak[edit] The group's fortunes changed in 1978, after the band released Some Girls (UK No. 2; US No. 1), which included the hit single "Miss You", the country ballad "Far Away Eyes", "Beast of Burden", and "Shattered". In part as a response to punk, many songs, particularly "Respectable", were fast, basic, guitar-driven rock and roll,[189] and the album's success re-established the Rolling Stones' immense popularity among young people. Following the US Tour 1978, the band guested on the first show of the fourth season of the TV series Saturday Night Live. Following the success of Some Girls, the band released their next album Emotional Rescue
Emotional Rescue
(UK 1; US 1) in mid-1980.[190] During the recording sessions of the album, a rift between Jagger
Jagger
and Richards was slowly beginning to form. Richards wanted to tour in summer or autumn of 1980 to promote the new album. Much to his disappointment, Jagger
Jagger
declined.[190] Emotional Rescue
Emotional Rescue
hit the top of the charts on both sides of the Atlantic and the title track reached No.3 in the US.[190]

The Rolling Stones
The Rolling Stones
performing in December 1981

In early 1981, the group reconvened and decided to tour the US that year, leaving little time to write and record a new album, as well as rehearse for the tour. That year's resulting album, Tattoo You
Tattoo You
(UK 2; US 1), featured a number of outtakes, including lead single "Start Me Up", which reached No.2 in the US and ranked No.22 on Billboard's Hot 100 year-end chart. Two songs ("Waiting on a Friend" (US No. 13) and "Tops") featured Mick Taylor's unused rhythm guitar tracks, while jazz saxophonist Sonny Rollins
Sonny Rollins
played on "Slave" and "Waiting on a Friend".[191] The Rolling Stones
The Rolling Stones
scored one more top 20 hit on the Billboard Hot 100 in 1982, the No. 20 hit "Hang Fire". The Stones' American Tour 1981 was their biggest, longest and most colourful production to date, with the band playing from 25 September through 19 December. It was the highest grossing tour of that year.[192] The tour included a concert at Chicago's Checkerboard Lounge with Muddy Waters, in what would be one of his last performances before his death in 1983.[193] Some shows were recorded, resulting in the 1982 live album Still Life (American Concert 1981) (UK 4; US 5), and the 1983 Hal Ashby
Hal Ashby
concert film Let's Spend the Night Together, which was filmed at Sun Devil Stadium in Tempe, Arizona
Tempe, Arizona
and the Brendan Byrne Arena in the Meadowlands, New Jersey.[194] In mid-1982, to commemorate their 20th anniversary, the Rolling Stones took their American stage show to Europe. The European Tour 1982 was their first European tour in six years, with a similar format to the American tour. The band were joined by former Allman Brothers Band keyboardist Chuck Leavell, who continues to perform and record with the Rolling Stones.[195] By the end of the year, the band had signed a new four-album recording deal with a new label, CBS Records, for a reported $50 million, then the biggest record deal in history.[196] 1983–1988: Band turmoil and solo efforts[edit] Before leaving Atlantic, the Rolling Stones released Undercover (UK 3; US 4) in late 1983. Despite good reviews and the Top Ten peak position of the title track, the record sold below expectations and there was no tour to support it. Subsequently, the Stones' new marketer/distributor CBS Records took over distributing the Stones' Atlantic catalogue.[196]

Richards and Wood during a Stones concert in Turin, Italy in 1982

By this time, the Jagger/Richards
Jagger/Richards
rift had grown significantly. To Richards' annoyance, Jagger
Jagger
had signed a solo deal with CBS Records, and he spent much of 1984 writing songs for his first album. He also declared his growing lack of interest in the Rolling Stones.[197] By 1985, Jagger
Jagger
was spending more time on solo recordings, and much of the material on 1986's Dirty Work was generated by Richards, with more contributions by Wood than on previous Rolling Stones albums. The album was recorded in Paris, and Jagger
Jagger
was often absent from the studio, leaving Richards to keep the recording sessions moving forward.[198] In June 1985, Jagger
Jagger
teamed up with David Bowie
David Bowie
for "Dancing in the Street", which was recorded as part of the Live Aid
Live Aid
charity movement.[199] This was one of Jagger's first solo performances, and the song reached No. 1 in the UK, and No. 7 in the US.[200][201] In December 1985, Stewart died of a heart attack. The Rolling Stones played a private tribute concert for him at London's 100 Club
100 Club
in February 1986, two days before they were presented with a Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award.[202] Dirty Work (UK No. 4; US No. 4) was released in March 1986 to mixed reviews despite the presence of the US Top Five hit "Harlem Shuffle". With relations between Richards and Jagger
Jagger
at a low, Jagger refused to tour to promote the album, and instead undertook his own solo tour, which included Rolling Stones songs.[203][204] As a result of the animosity within the band during this period, they almost broke up.[203] Jagger's solo records, She's the Boss
She's the Boss
(UK 6; US 13) (1985) and Primitive Cool (UK 26; US 41) (1987), met with moderate success, and in 1988, with the Rolling Stones mostly inactive, Richards released his first solo album, Talk Is Cheap
Talk Is Cheap
(UK 37; US 24). It was well received by fans and critics, going gold in the US.[205] Richards has subsequently referred to this late-80s period, where the two were recording solo albums with no obvious reunion of the Stones in sight, as "World War III".[206][207] The following year 25x5: The Continuing Adventures of the Rolling Stones, a documentary spanning the career of the band was released for their 25th anniversary.[208] 1989–1999: Comeback, return to popularity, and record-breaking tours[edit] In early 1989, the Rolling Stones, including Mick Taylor
Mick Taylor
and Ronnie Wood as well as Brian Jones
Brian Jones
and Ian Stewart (posthumously), were inducted into the American Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.[70] Jagger
Jagger
and Richards set aside animosities and went to work on a new Rolling Stones album, Steel Wheels
Steel Wheels
(UK 2; US 3). Heralded as a return to form, it included the singles "Mixed Emotions" (US No. 5), "Rock and a Hard Place" (US No. 23) and "Almost Hear You Sigh". The album also included "Continental Drift", which the Rolling Stones recorded in Tangier, Morocco
Morocco
in 1989 with the Master Musicians of Jajouka led by Bachir Attar, coordinated by Tony King and Cherie Nutting. A BBC documentary film, The Rolling Stones
The Rolling Stones
in Morocco, was produced by Nigel Finch.[209] The subsequent Steel Wheels/Urban Jungle Tours, encompassing North America, Japan, and Europe, saw the Rolling Stones touring for the first time in seven years and it was their biggest stage production to date. Opening acts included Living Colour
Living Colour
and Guns N' Roses; the onstage personnel included a horn section and backup singers Lisa Fischer and Bernard Fowler, both of whom continue to tour regularly with the band. Recordings from the Steel Wheels/Urban Jungle tours produced the 1991 concert album Flashpoint (UK 6; US 16), which also included two studio tracks recorded in 1991: the single "Highwire" and "Sex Drive". The tour produced the IMAX concert film Live at the Max released in 1991.[210] The tour was the last to feature Wyman, who left the band after years of deliberation, although his retirement was not made official until January 1993.[211] He then published Stone Alone, an autobiography based on scrapbooks and diaries he had been keeping since the band's early days. A few years later he formed Bill Wyman's Rhythm Kings and began recording and touring again.[212] After the successes of the Steel Wheels/Urban Jungle tours, the band took a break. Watts released two jazz albums; Wood recorded his fifth solo album, the first in 11 years, called Slide On This, Wyman released his fourth solo album, Richards released his second solo album in late 1992, Main Offender, and did a small tour including big concerts in Spain and Argentina.[213][214] Jagger
Jagger
got good reviews and sales with his third solo album, Wandering Spirit (UK 12; US 11). The album sold more than two million copies worldwide, going gold in the US.[205]

Multiple platinum award for their 1994 album Voodoo Lounge, on display at the Museo del Rock in Madrid

After Wyman's departure, the Rolling Stones' new distributor/record label, Virgin Records, remastered and repackaged the band's back catalogue from Sticky Fingers
Sticky Fingers
to Steel Wheels, except for the three live albums, and issued another hits compilation in 1993 entitled Jump Back. By 1993, the Rolling Stones were ready to start recording another studio album. Darryl Jones, former sideman of Miles Davis
Miles Davis
and Sting, was chosen by Charlie Watts
Charlie Watts
as Wyman's replacement for 1994's Voodoo Lounge
Voodoo Lounge
(UK 1; US 2). The album met strong reviews and sales, going double platinum in the US. Reviewers took note of the album's "traditionalist" sounds, which were credited to the Rolling Stones' new producer Don Was.[215] Voodoo Lounge
Voodoo Lounge
would win the Stones the Grammy Award for Best Rock Album
Grammy Award for Best Rock Album
at the 1995 Grammy Awards.[216]

Richards in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil during the Voodoo Lounge
Voodoo Lounge
Tour, 1995

1994 also brought the accompanying Voodoo Lounge
Voodoo Lounge
Tour, which lasted into the following year. The tour grossed $320 million, becoming the world's highest grossing tour at the time.[217] Numbers from various concerts and rehearsals (mostly acoustic) made up Stripped (UK 9; US 9), which featured a cover of Bob Dylan's "Like a Rolling Stone", as well as infrequently played songs like "Shine a Light", "Sweet Virginia" and "The Spider and the Fly".[218] On 8 September 1994, the Stones performed their new song "Love Is Strong" as well as "Start Me Up" at the 1994 MTV Video Music Awards
1994 MTV Video Music Awards
at Radio City Music Hall
Radio City Music Hall
in New York.[219] The band received the Lifetime Achievement Award at the ceremony.[219] The Rolling Stones
The Rolling Stones
were the first major recording artists to broadcast a concert over the Internet; a 20-minute video was broadcast on 18 November 1994 using the Mbone
Mbone
at 10 frames per second. The broadcast, engineered by Thinking Pictures and financed by Sun Microsystems, was one of the first demonstrations of streaming video; while it was not a true webcast, it introduced many to the technology.[220] The Rolling Stones
The Rolling Stones
ended the 1990s with the album Bridges to Babylon (UK 6; US 3), released in 1997 to mixed reviews.[221][222][223][224] The video of the single "Anybody Seen My Baby?" featured Angelina Jolie as guest[225] and met steady rotation on both MTV
MTV
and VH1.[226] Sales were reasonably equivalent to those of previous records (about 1.2 million copies sold in the US), and the subsequent Bridges to Babylon Tour, which crossed Europe, North America and other destinations, proved the band to be a strong live attraction. Once again, a live album was culled from the tour, No Security
No Security
(UK 67; US 34), only this time all but two songs ("Live With Me" and "The Last Time") were previously unreleased on live albums. In 1999, the Rolling Stones staged the No Security
No Security
Tour in the US and continued the Bridges to Babylon tour in Europe.[227] 2000–2011: A Bigger Bang
A Bigger Bang
and continued success[edit] In late 2001, Mick Jagger
Mick Jagger
released his fourth solo album, Goddess in the Doorway (UK 44; US 39) which met with mixed reviews.[228] A month after the September 11 attacks, Jagger
Jagger
and Richards took part in "The Concert for New York City", performing "Salt of the Earth" and "Miss You" with a backing band.[229] In 2002, the band released Forty Licks (UK 2; US 2), a greatest hits double album, to mark their forty years as a band. The collection contained four new songs recorded with the latter-day core band of Jagger, Richards, Watts, Wood, Leavell and Jones. The album has sold more than 7 million copies worldwide. The same year, Q magazine named the Rolling Stones as one of the "50 Bands To See Before You Die",[230] and the 2002–2003 Licks Tour gave people that chance. The tour included shows in small theatres. The band headlined the Molson Canadian Rocks for Toronto
Molson Canadian Rocks for Toronto
concert in Toronto, Canada, to help the city – which they have used for rehearsals since the Steel Wheels
Steel Wheels
tour – recover from the 2003 SARS epidemic. The concert was attended by an estimated 490,000 people.[231] On 9 November 2003, the band played their first concert in Hong Kong as part of the Harbour Fest celebration, also in support of the SARS-affected economy. The same month, the band exclusively licensed the right to sell their new four- DVD
DVD
boxed set, Four Flicks, recorded on the band's most recent world tour, to the US Best Buy
Best Buy
chain of stores. In response, some Canadian and US music retail chains (including HMV
HMV
Canada and Circuit City) pulled Rolling Stones CDs and related merchandise from their shelves and replaced them with signs explaining the situation.[232] In 2004, a double live album of the Licks Tour, Live Licks
Live Licks
(UK 38; US 50), was released, going gold in the US.[205] In November 2004, the Rolling Stones were among the inaugural inductees into the UK Music Hall of Fame.[233]

The Rolling Stones
The Rolling Stones
at the San Siro
San Siro
stadium in Milan, Italy, July 2006

On 26 July 2005 (Jagger's birthday), the band announced the name of their new album, A Bigger Bang
A Bigger Bang
(UK 2; US 3), their first album in almost eight years. It was released on 6 September to strong reviews, including a glowing write-up in Rolling Stone
Rolling Stone
magazine.[234] The single "Streets of Love" reached the top 15 in the UK.[235] The album included the political "Sweet Neo Con", a criticism of American Neoconservatism from Jagger.[236] The song was reportedly almost dropped from the album because of objections from Richards. When asked if he was afraid of political backlash such as the Dixie Chicks
Dixie Chicks
had endured, Richards responded that the album came first, and that, "I don't want to be sidetracked by some little political 'storm in a teacup'."[237] The subsequent A Bigger Bang Tour
A Bigger Bang Tour
began in August 2005, and visited North America, South America and East Asia. In February 2006, the group played the half-time show of Super Bowl XL
Super Bowl XL
in Detroit, Michigan. By the end of 2005, the Bigger Bang tour set a record of $162 million in gross receipts, breaking the North American mark also set by the band in 1994. On 18 February 2006 the band played a free concert to over one million people at the Copacabana beach in Rio de Janeiro; one of the biggest rock concerts of all time.[238]

The Rolling Stones
The Rolling Stones
at Twickenham Stadium, London
London
during A Bigger Bang Tour in August 2006

After performances in Japan, China, Australia and New Zealand in March/April 2006, the Rolling Stones tour took a scheduled break before proceeding to Europe; during this break Keith Richards
Keith Richards
was hospitalised in New Zealand for cranial surgery after a fall from a tree on Fiji, where he had been on holiday. The incident led to a six-week delay in launching the European leg of the tour.[239][240] In June 2006 it was reported that Ronnie Wood
Ronnie Wood
was continuing his programme of rehabilitation for alcohol abuse,[241][242] but this did not affect the rearranged European tour schedule. Two out of the 21 shows scheduled for July–September 2006 were later cancelled due to Mick Jagger's throat problems.[243] The Rolling Stones
The Rolling Stones
returned to North America for concerts in September 2006, and returned to Europe on 5 June 2007. By November 2006, the Bigger Bang tour had been declared the highest grossing tour of all time.[244] The Rolling Stones
The Rolling Stones
performances at New York City's Beacon Theatre on 29 October and 1 November 2006 were filmed by Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
for a documentary film, Shine a Light, which was released in 2008. The film also features guest appearances by Buddy Guy, Jack White, and Christina Aguilera.[245] An accompanying soundtrack, also titled Shine a Light (UK 2; US 11), was released in April 2008. The album's debut at No. 2 in the UK charts was the highest position for a Rolling Stones concert album since Get Yer Ya-Ya's Out! The Rolling Stones
The Rolling Stones
in Concert in 1970. At the Beacon Theater show, Music Executive, Ahmet Ertegun fell and ultimately succumbed to his injury.[246] On 24 March 2007, the band announced a tour of Europe called the "Bigger Bang 2007" tour. 12 June 2007 saw the release of the band's second four-disc DVD
DVD
set: The Biggest Bang, a seven-hour document featuring their shows in Austin, Rio de Janeiro, Saitama, Shanghai and Buenos Aires, along with extras. On 10 June 2007, the band performed their first gig at a festival in 30 years, at the Isle of Wight Festival, to a crowd of 65,000, and were joined onstage by Amy Winehouse.[247] On 26 August 2007, they played their last concert of the Bigger Bang tour at the O2 Arena in London. At the conclusion of the tour, the band had grossed a record setting $558 million and were listed in the latest edition of Guinness World Records.[248] Mick Jagger
Mick Jagger
released a compilation of his solo work called The Very Best of Mick Jagger
Mick Jagger
(UK 57; US 77), including three unreleased songs, on 2 October 2007. On 12 November 2007, ABKCO
ABKCO
released Rolled Gold: The Very Best of the Rolling Stones (UK 26), a double-CD remake of the 1975 compilation Rolled Gold.[249]

The Rolling Stones
The Rolling Stones
in 2008 (from left to right: Watts, Wood, Richards, Jagger) at the Berlin Film Festival's world premiere of Martin Scorsese's documentary film Shine a Light

In March 2008, Richards sparked rumours that a new Rolling Stones studio album may be forthcoming, saying during an interview following the premiere of Shine a Light, "I think we might make another album. Once we get over doing promotion on this film". Watts remarked that he got ill whenever he stopped working.[250] In July 2008 it was announced that the Rolling Stones were leaving EMI
EMI
and signing with Vivendi's Universal Music, taking with them their catalogue stretching back to Sticky Fingers. New music released by the band while under this contract will be issued through Universal's Polydor
Polydor
label.[251] Mercury Records
Mercury Records
will hold the US rights to the pre-1994 material, while the post-1994 material will be handled by Interscope Records (once a subsidiary of Atlantic).[252] During the autumn, Jagger
Jagger
and Richards worked with producer Don Was
Don Was
to add new vocals and guitar parts to ten unfinished songs from the Exile on Main St. sessions. Jagger
Jagger
and Taylor also recorded a session together in London
London
where Taylor added lead guitar to what would be the expanded album's single, "Plundered My Soul".[253] On 17 April 2010, the band released a limited edition 7-inch vinyl single of the previously unreleased track "Plundered My Soul" as part of Record Store Day. The track, part of the group's 2010 re-issue of Exile on Main St., was combined with "All Down the Line" as its B-side.[254] The band appeared at Cannes Festival for the premiere of the documentary Stones in Exile
Stones in Exile
(directed by Stephen Kijak[255]) about the recording of the album Exile on Main St..[255] On 23 May, the re-issue of Exile on Main St.
Exile on Main St.
reached No. 1 in the UK charts, almost 38 years to the week after it first occupied that position, with the band becoming the first act to see a classic work return to No. 1 decades after it was first released.[256] In the US, the album re-entered the charts at No. 2.[257] In October 2010, the Stones released Ladies and Gentlemen: The Rolling Stones to the cinemas and later on to DVD. A digitally remastered version of the film was shown in select cinemas across the United States. Although originally released to cinemas in 1974, it had never been available for home release apart from bootleg recordings.[258] In October 2011, the Stones released The Rolling Stones: Some Girls
Some Girls
Live In Texas '78 to the cinemas and later on to DVD. A digitally remastered version of the film was shown in select cinemas across the US. This live performance was recorded during one show in Ft. Worth, Texas in support of their US Tour 1978 and their album Some Girls. The film was released in (DVD/Blu-ray Disc) on 15 November 2011.[259] On 21 November, the band reissued Some Girls
Some Girls
as a 2 CD deluxe edition with a second CD of twelve previously unreleased tracks (except "So Young," which was a B-side to "Out of Tears") from the sessions with mostly newly recorded vocals from Jagger.[260] 2012–present: 50th anniversary and covers album[edit]

Stage set for the 50 & Counting tour at the Prudential Center, New Jersey on 13 December 2012

The Rolling Stones
The Rolling Stones
celebrated their 50th anniversary in the summer of 2012 by releasing the book The Rolling Stones: 50.[261] A new take on the band's lip-and-tongue logo, designed by Shepard Fairey, was also released and used during the celebrations.[262] Jagger's brother Chris performed a gig at The Rolling Stones
The Rolling Stones
Museum in Slovenia
Slovenia
in conjunction with the celebrations.[263] The documentary Crossfire Hurricane, directed by Brett Morgen, was released in October 2012. He conducted approximately fifty hours of interviews for the documentary, including extensive interviews with Wyman and Taylor.[264] This would be the first official career-spanning documentary since 1989's 25x5: The Continuing Adventures of the Rolling Stones, which was filmed for their 25th anniversary in 1988.[208] A new compilation album, GRRR!, was released on 12 November, available in four different formats and including two new tracks, "Doom and Gloom" and "One More Shot", which were recorded at Studio Guillaume Tell in Paris, France, within the last few weeks of August 2012.[265] The album debuted at No. 3 in the UK and No. 19 in the US and went to sell over 2 million copies worldwide.[235] The music video for "Doom and Gloom" featuring Noomi Rapace was released on 20 November.[266]

The Rolling Stones
The Rolling Stones
performing in Hyde Park, London
London
on 13 July 2013

In November 2012, the Stones commenced their 50 & Counting... tour at London's O2 Arena, where they were joined by Jeff Beck.[267] At their second show in London
London
the group was joined onstage by Eric Clapton and Florence Welch.[268] Their third anniversary concert took place on 8 December at the Barclays Center, Brooklyn, New York.[268] The last two dates were at the Prudential Center
Prudential Center
in Newark, New Jersey on 13 and 15 December, and the band were joined by Bruce Springsteen and blues rock band the Black Keys on the final night.[268][269] They also played two songs at 12-12-12: The Concert for Sandy Relief.[270] The Stones played nineteen shows in the US in spring 2013, before returning to the UK. The band announced a return to Hyde Park, though it would not be free like the 1969 concert.[271] Jagger
Jagger
quipped, "I'll try and keep the poetry to a minimum," and remarked, in respect of the white dress that he wore for the 1969 concert, "I can still just about get into the zippers."[271] On 29 June, the band performed at the Glastonbury Festival 2013.[272] Hyde Park Live, a live album recorded at the two Hyde Park gigs on 6 and 13 July, was released exclusively as a digital download through iTunes later that month and peaked at No. 16 in the UK and No. 19 in the US.[273][274] A live DVD, Sweet Summer Sun: Live in Hyde Park, was released on 11 November.[275] In February 2014, the band embarked on their 14 On Fire
14 On Fire
tour spanning Middle East, Asia, Australia and Europe, scheduled to last through to the summer.[276] On 17 March, Jagger's longtime partner L'Wren Scott died suddenly, resulting in the cancellation and rescheduling of the opening tour dates to October.[277] On 4 June, The Rolling Stones performed for the first time in Israel with Haaretz
Haaretz
describing the concert as being "Historic with a capital H".[278] In a 2015 interview with Jagger, when asked if retirement crosses his mind he stated, "Nah, not in the moment. I'm thinking about what the next tour is. I'm not thinking about retirement. I'm planning the next set of tours, so the answer is really, "No, not really.""[279]

The Stones in Cuba
Cuba
in March 2016. A spokesman for the band called it "the first open air concert in Cuba
Cuba
by a British rock band"[280]

The Rolling Stones
The Rolling Stones
embarked on their Latin American tour in February 2016.[281][282] On 25 March, the band played a bonus show, a free open air concert in Havana, Cuba.[280] In June of that year, The Rolling Stones released, Totally Stripped, an expanded and reconceived edition of Stripped, available in multiple formats.[283] The Rolling Stones announced on 28 July that their concert on 25 March 2016 in Cuba
Cuba
had been commemorated in the film Havana
Havana
Moon, which premiered on 23 September for one night only in more than a thousand theatres worldwide.[284][285] The Rolling Stones
The Rolling Stones
announced Olé Olé Olé: A Trip Across Latin America on 7 September,[286] a documentary of their 2016 Latin America tour,[287] which was shown in theatres on 12 December for one night only.[288] Olé Olé Olé: A Trip Across Latin America came out on DVD
DVD
and Blu-ray 26 May 2017.[288][289] The band released Blue & Lonesome on 2 December 2016. The album consisted of 12 blues covers of artists such as Howlin' Wolf, Jimmy Reed and Little Walter.[290][291] Recording took place in British Grove Studios, London, in December 2015, and featured Eric Clapton
Eric Clapton
on two tracks.[292] The album reached No. 1 in the UK, the second-highest opening sales week for an album that year.[293] It also debuted at No. 4 on the Billboard 200.[294] In July 2017, it was reported that the Rolling Stones were getting ready to record their first album of original material in more than a decade.[295] In early October 2017, the Rolling Stones announced the forthcoming release on 1 December 2017 of On Air, a collection of 18 recordings (plus 14 bonus tracks on the Deluxe edition) the band performed on the BBC between October 1963 and September 1965. The compilation featured eight songs the band has never recorded or released commercially.[296] In February 2018, the Rolling Stones announced their first UK tour since 2006, with performances scheduled for May and June.[297] Musical development[edit] See also: Instruments played by the Rolling Stones

A copy of "Micawber", Keith Richards' signature Telecaster model, in the Fender Guitar Factory Museum

The Rolling Stones
The Rolling Stones
have assimilated various musical genres into their own collective sound. Throughout the band's career, their musical contributions have been marked by a continual reference and reliance on musical styles including blues, psychedelia, R&B, country, folk, reggae, dance, and world music, exemplified by Jones' collaboration with the Master Musicians of Jajouka, as well as traditional English styles that use stringed instrumentation like harps. Brian Jones
Brian Jones
experimented with the use of non-traditional instruments such as the sitar and slide guitar in their early days.[298][299][300] The group started out covering early rock 'n' roll and blues songs, and have never stopped playing live or recording cover songs.[301] Jagger
Jagger
and Richards shared an admiration of Jimmy Reed, Muddy Waters,[302] Howlin' Wolf,[302] and Little Walter, which influenced Brian Jones, of whom Richards says, "He was more into T-Bone Walker and jazz blues stuff. We'd turn him onto Chuck Berry
Chuck Berry
and say, 'Look, it's all the same shit, man, and you can do it.'"[9] Charlie Watts, a traditional jazz drummer,[303][304] was also introduced to the blues through his association with the pair. "Keith and Brian turned me on to Jimmy Reed
Jimmy Reed
and people like that. I learned that Earl Phillips was playing on those records like a jazz drummer, playing swing, with a straight four."[305] Jagger, recalling when he first heard the likes of Chuck Berry, Bo Diddley, Muddy Waters, Fats Domino, and other major American R&B artists, said it "seemed the most real thing"[306] he had heard up to that point. Similarly, Keith Richards, describing the first time he listened to Muddy Waters, said it was the "most powerful music [he had] ever heard ... the most expressive."[306][307] He also stated, "when you think of some dopey, spotty seventeen year old from Dartford, who wants to be Muddy Waters—and there were a lot of us—in a way, very pathetic, but in another way, very ... heartwarming".[308] Despite the Rolling Stones' predilection for blues and R&B numbers on their early live set lists, the first original compositions by the band reflected a more wide-ranging interest. The first Jagger/Richards single, "Tell Me (You're Coming Back)", has been described by critic Richie Unterberger
Richie Unterberger
as a "pop rock ballad ... When [ Jagger
Jagger
and Richards] began to write songs, they were usually not derived from the blues, but were often surprisingly fey, slow, Mersey-type pop numbers".[309] "As Tears Go By", the ballad originally written for Marianne Faithfull, was one of the first songs written by Jagger
Jagger
and Richards and also one of many written by the duo for other artists. Jagger
Jagger
said of the song, "It's a relatively mature song considering the rest of the output at the time. And we didn't think of [recording] it, because the Rolling Stones were a butch blues group."[310] The Rolling Stones did later record a version which became a top five hit in the US.[311] On the early experience, Richards said, "The amazing thing is that although Mick and I thought these songs were really puerile and kindergarten-time, every one that got put out made a decent showing in the charts. That gave us extraordinary confidence to carry on, because at the beginning songwriting was something we were going to do in order to say to Andrew [Loog Oldham], 'Well, at least we gave it a try ...'"[68] Jagger
Jagger
said, "We were very pop-orientated. We didn't sit around listening to Muddy Waters; we listened to everything. In some ways it's easy to write to order ... Keith and I got into the groove of writing those kind of tunes; they were done in ten minutes. I think we thought it was a bit of a laugh, and it turned out to be something of an apprenticeship for us."[68]

A Vox Teardrop guitar as used by Brian Jones, on display at the Hard Rock Cafe in Sacramento, California

The writing of "The Last Time", the Rolling Stones' first major single, proved a turning point. Richards called it "a bridge into thinking about writing for the Stones. It gave us a level of confidence; a pathway of how to do it."[78] The song was based on a traditional gospel song popularised by the Staple Singers, but the Rolling Stones' number features a distinctive guitar riff, played by Brian Jones.[312] Prior to the emergence of Jagger/Richards
Jagger/Richards
as the Stones' songwriters, the band members occasionally were given collective credit under the pseudonym Nanker Phelge. Some songs attributed to Nanker Phelge have been re-attributed to Jagger/Richards.[313] Beginning with Jones and continuing with Wood, the Rolling Stones have developed what Richards refers to as the "ancient art of weaving" responsible for part of their sound – the interplay between two guitarists on stage.[314] Unlike most bands, the Stones follow Richards' lead rather than the drummer's (Watts).[315] Likewise, Watts is primarily a jazz player who was able to bring that genre's influences to the style of the band's drumming.[303][304] The following of Richards' lead has led to conflicts between Jagger
Jagger
and Richards and they have been known to annoy one another, but they have both agreed it makes a better record; Watts in particular has praised Jagger's production skills.[316] In the studio, the band have tended to use a fluid personnel for recordings and not use the same players for each song. Guest pianists were commonplace on recordings; several songs on Beggars Banquet
Beggars Banquet
are driven by Nicky Hopkins' piano playing. On Exile on Main St., Richards plays bass on three tracks while Taylor plays on four.[317] Richards started using open tunings for rhythm parts (often in conjunction with a capo), most prominently an open-E or open-D tuning in 1968. Beginning in 1969, he often used 5-string open-G tuning (with the lower 6th string removed), as heard on the 1969 single "Honky Tonk Women", "Brown Sugar" (Sticky Fingers, 1971), "Tumbling Dice" (capo IV), "Happy" (capo IV) (Exile on Main St., 1972), and "Start Me Up" (Tattoo You, 1981).[318] The feuds between Jagger
Jagger
and Richards had some origin in the 1970s when Richards was a heroin addict,[319][320] resulting in Jagger managing the band's affairs for numerous years.[321] When Richards got himself off heroin and became more present in the decision making, Jagger
Jagger
was not used to this and did not like his authority diminished, resulting in the period which Richards has referred to as "World War III".[322] Musical collaboration between members of the band and supporting musicians was key, due to the fluid lineups typically experienced by the band in the studio,[323][324] as tracks tended to be recorded "by whatever members of the group happened to be around at the time of the sessions."[324] Over time, Jagger
Jagger
has developed into the template for rock frontmen and, with the help of the Stones, has, in the words of the Telegraph, "changed music" through his contributions to it as a pioneer of the modern music industry.[325] Legacy[edit]

Overhead shot of the Stones concert at Washington–Grizzly Stadium
Washington–Grizzly Stadium
in Montana, October 2006. The Stones have had the highest-grossing concert tour three times[4]

Since their formation in 1962, the Rolling Stones survived multiple feuds[326][327] and have gone on to release 30 studio albums, 13 live albums and 109 singles.[328] According to OfficialCharts.com, the Stones are ranked the fourth bestselling group of all time, with their top single being "(I Can't Get No) Satisfaction",[329] regarded by many at the time as "the classic example of rock and roll."[302] The Stones have also contributed to the blues lexicon, creating their own "codewords" and slang, which they have used throughout their catalog of songs, including some of their more popular songs.[302] The band has been viewed as the musical "vanguard of a major transfusion" of various cultural attitudes, making them accessible to youth in both America and Britain.[302] Muddy Waters
Muddy Waters
was quoted as stating that the Rolling Stones and other English bands enhanced the interest of American youth into blues musicians; after they came to the United States, sales of Waters' albums – and those of other blues musicians – increased with public interest,[330] thus helping to reconnect the country with its own music.[331] The Rolling Stones
The Rolling Stones
have sold over 240 million albums worldwide[328] and have held over 48 tours of varying length. The Stones have also held three of the highest grossing tours of all time, Bridges to Babylon,[4] Voodoo Lounge,[217] and A Bigger Bang.[332] In May 2013, Rolling Stone
Rolling Stone
declared them the "most definitional band that rock & roll has produced,"[326] with the Telegraph stating that Mick Jagger
Jagger
was "the Rolling Stone
Rolling Stone
who changed music".[333] The band has been the subject of numerous documentaries and were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame
Rock and Roll Hall of Fame
by Pete Townshend
Pete Townshend
in 1989.[334][335] The Rolling Stones have inspired and mentored new generations of musical artists both as a band[336] and individually.[337][338] They are also credited with changing the "whole business model of popular music."[333] The band has received – and been nominated for – multiple awards during their 55 years as a band; including three Grammy awards (and 12 nominations),[339] the Juno award for International Entertainer of the Year in 1991,[340] U.K.'s Jazz FM Awards Album of the Year (2017) for their album Blue & Lonesome,[341] and NME awards such as best live band and the NME award for best music film, for their documentary Crossfire Hurricane.[342] Tours[edit] Main article: The Rolling Stones
The Rolling Stones
concerts The Rolling Stones' first concert was on 12 July 1962 at the Marquee Club in London.[343] The most documented of all the band's concerts was the Altamont Free Concert
Altamont Free Concert
at the Altamont Speedway
Altamont Speedway
in 1969. For this concert, the biker gang Hells Angels
Hells Angels
provided security, which resulted in a fan, Meredith Hunter, being stabbed and beaten to death by the Angels.[344] Part of the tour and the Altamont concert were documented in Albert and David Maysles' film Gimme Shelter. As a response to the growing popularity of bootleg recordings, the album Get Yer Ya-Yas Out! (UK 1; US 6) was released in 1970; it was declared by critic Lester Bangs
Lester Bangs
to be the best live album ever.[345] From small clubs and hotels in London
London
with little room for Jagger
Jagger
to move around[346][347] to selling out stadiums worldwide, Rolling Stones tours have significantly changed over the decades. Setups for the band started off simplistic compared to what they later became in the band's career. with pyrotechnics, giant screens, and elaborate stage designs. By the Rolling Stones American tour of 1969, the band began to fill large halls and arenas, such as The Forum in Inglewood, California.[348] They were also using more equipment, such as lighting rigs and better sound equipment compared to the clubs.[348] The 1969 tour is considered a "great watershed tour" by Mick Jagger
Mick Jagger
due to the fact that they "started hanging the sound and therefore hanging the lights".[349] Attributing the birth of arena rock to the Stones 1969 US tour, The Guardian
The Guardian
ranked the tour number 19 on their list of the 50 key events in rock music history.[350] Prior to the tour the loudest sound at big-capacity shows was often the crowd, so the Stones ensured they had lighting and sound systems that would allow them to be seen and heard in the biggest arenas, with The Guardian
The Guardian
stating their "combination of front-of-house excellence and behind the scenes savvy took the business of touring to an entirely new level."[350] During the 1972 tour, the Stones developed a complex light show in which they hung up giant mirrors and bounced the light off them.[351][352] During the 1975 Tour of the Americas, arena shows became an industry for the band and the Stones hired a new lighting director, Jules Fisher.[353] The props used on stage by the band increased in both size and sophistication, similar to things done on Broadway.[349] The band started to use multiple stages, from which they would select for a particular show. On this tour they had two versions what Jagger referred to as the "lotus stage" – one version of the stage that had a large Venetian (cylindrical) curtain and the other has leaves that would start in the folded up position and lower during the beginning of the concert.[349] This period also included a variety of props, including inflatables and other gimmicks ranging from inflatable penises "and things."[349] The tour also incorporated a number of circus tricks.[349]

"...at the beginning of the show the stage was completely covered with a kind of sheath gauze. I had to get inside the lotus, climb up a ladder and hang on like grim death to one of the petals, which then opened to reveal the band playing." — Mick Jagger, speaking of stage design in According to The Rolling Stones[349]

Runway (pictured in 2012) first appeared in Stones' concerts in 1981

During the 1981–1982 American tour, the Stones worked with Japanese designer Kazuhide Yamazari in constructing their stages for stadium sized locations and audiences. During this period, stages increased in size to include runways, movable sections of stage going out into the audience, and growing in all other aspects.[347] This tour used coloured panels and was one of the last Stones tours to do so before switching to devices such as video screens.[347] Stadium shows provided a new challenge for the band, the venues were large enough in size that the band became "like ants" to audience members.[347] This resulted in Jagger
Jagger
having to project himself "over the footlights" and the band needing to employ more gimmicks, such as pyrotechnics, lights, and video screens.[347]

"When you're out there in this vast stadium, you have to physically tiny up on stage, so that's why on the 1981-2 tour we had those coloured panels and later we started using devices like video screens. We became very aware of not being seen, of just being there like ants. Mick is the one who really has to project himself over the footlights. And when the show gets that big, you need a little extra help, you need a couple of gimmicks, as we call it, in the show. You need fireworks, you need lights, you need a bit of theatre." — Charlie Watts, According to the Rolling Stones[347]

As time went on, their props and stage equipment became increasingly sophisticated. When they started to fill stadium sized venues and bigger, they ran into the problem of the audience no longer being able to see them due to the increased seating capacity – this problem was especially clear in their free 2006 concert in Rio de Janeiro
Rio de Janeiro
on the A Bigger Bang tour,[354] which used over 500 lights, hundreds of speakers, and a video screen almost 13 metres in length.[355][356][357] Due to the vast size of the beach which the Stones performed on (2.5 km),[357] sound systems had to be set up in a relay pattern down the length of the beach, in order to keep the sound in sync with music from the stage;[357] for every 340 metres of beach, the sound had to be delayed an additional second.[356][357] Band members[edit] Current members

Mick Jagger – vocals, harmonica, rhythm guitar, percussion, keyboards (1962–present)[358][359] Keith Richards – rhythm and lead guitar, bass guitar, vocals (1962–present)[358][359] Charlie Watts – drums, percussion (1963–present)[358][359] Ronnie Wood – lead and rhythm guitar, bass guitar, backing vocals (1975–present)[358][359]

Former members

Brian Jones – rhythm guitar, harmonica, keyboards, piano, backing vocals (1962–1969; died 1969)[358][359] Ian Stewart – keyboards, piano (1962–1963; touring 1969, 1975–1976, 1978, 1981–1982; died 1985)[358][359] Mick Taylor – lead guitar, bass guitar, backing vocals (1969–1974; guest 1981, 2012–2014)[358][359] Bill Wyman – bass guitar, keyboards, piano, backing vocals (1962–1993; guest 2012)[358][359]

Early members[360][361]

Dick Taylor – bass guitar (1962) Ricky Fenson – bass guitar (1962–1963) Colin Golding – bass guitar (1962–1963) Tony Chapman – drums (1962–1963) Carlo Little – drums (1962–1963)

Current touring members

Chuck Leavell – keyboards, backing vocals (1982–present)[359] Bernard Fowler – backing vocals, percussion (1989–present)[359] Darryl Jones – bass guitar, backing vocals (1993–present)[359] Matt Clifford – keyboards, French horn, musical integrator (1989–1990, 2012–present)[359] Tim Ries – saxophone, keyboards (1999–present)[359] Karl Denson – saxophone (2014–present)[359] Sasha Allen – backing vocals, co-lead vocals on "Gimme Shelter" (2016–present)[362]

Former touring musicians

Bobby Keys – saxophone (1969–1973; 1981–2014; died 2014)[363] Jim Price – trumpet (1970–1973)[364] Lisa Fischer – backing vocals, co-lead vocals on "Gimme Shelter" (1989–2015)[359] Billy Preston – keyboards, backing vocals (1973–1977; died 2006)[365] Nicky Hopkins – keyboards (1971–1973; died 1994)[366] Ernie Watts – saxophone (1981)[367][368] Ian McLagan – keyboards (1978–1981; died 2014)[369][370] Blondie Chaplin – additional guitar, backing vocals (1997–2007)[371] Ollie E. Brown – percussion (1975–1976)[372]

Timeline

Discography[edit] Main article: The Rolling Stones
The Rolling Stones
discography Studio albums

The Rolling Stones
The Rolling Stones
(1964, UK) / England's Newest Hit Makers
England's Newest Hit Makers
(1964, US) 12 X 5
12 X 5
(1964, US) The Rolling Stones No. 2
The Rolling Stones No. 2
(1965, UK) / The Rolling Stones, Now!
The Rolling Stones, Now!
(1965, US) Out of Our Heads
Out of Our Heads
(1965, UK) / Out of Our Heads
Out of Our Heads
(1965, US) December's Children (And Everybody's)
December's Children (And Everybody's)
(1965, US) Aftermath (1966, UK) / Aftermath (1966, US) Between the Buttons
Between the Buttons
(1967, UK) / Between the Buttons
Between the Buttons
(1967, US) Their Satanic Majesties Request
Their Satanic Majesties Request
(1967) Beggars Banquet
Beggars Banquet
(1968) Let It Bleed
Let It Bleed
(1969) Sticky Fingers
Sticky Fingers
(1971) Exile on Main St.
Exile on Main St.
(1972) Goats Head Soup
Goats Head Soup
(1973) It's Only Rock 'n Roll
It's Only Rock 'n Roll
(1974) Black and Blue
Black and Blue
(1976) Some Girls
Some Girls
(1978) Emotional Rescue
Emotional Rescue
(1980) Tattoo You
Tattoo You
(1981) Undercover (1983) Dirty Work (1986) Steel Wheels
Steel Wheels
(1989) Voodoo Lounge
Voodoo Lounge
(1994) Bridges to Babylon
Bridges to Babylon
(1997) A Bigger Bang
A Bigger Bang
(2005) Blue & Lonesome (2016)

See also[edit]

The Rolling Stones
The Rolling Stones
portal

Book: The Rolling Stones

The Rolling Stones
The Rolling Stones
Museum List of highest-grossing concert tours

Notes[edit]

^ Mick Avory
Mick Avory
himself has categorically denied "on many occasions"[18] that he played with the Rollin' Stones that night. In fact he only rehearsed twice with them in the Bricklayers Arms pub, before they became known as the Rollin' Stones.[19] ^ Wyman's book Rolling With The Stones incorrectly states the band played the Alcove club that night.[54] ^ The comma in the title of the song was later dropped.

References[edit] Footnotes[edit]

^ a b "Rolling Stones: are they really the world's greatest rock 'n' roll band?". The Telegraph. Archived from the original on 11 July 2015. Retrieved 2 July 2015.  ^ a b "The Stones may be old, but they can still rock". Msnbc. Archived from the original on 26 December 2005. Retrieved 2 July 2015.  ^ Palmer, Robert (27 December 1981). "The Year of the Rolling Stones". New York Times. Archived from the original on 1 July 2015.  ^ a b c Nelson 2010, p. 141. ^ " Mick Jagger
Mick Jagger
The Rolling Stones". www.rollingstones.com. Retrieved 2 October 2017.  ^ White, Charles. (2003), pp. 119–120, The Life and Times of Little Richard: The Authorised Biography, Omnibus Press. ^ a b Nelson 2010, p. 8. ^ a b Nelson 2010, p. 9. ^ a b c Greenfield 1981. ^ Nelson 2010, pp. 10–11. ^ a b c Nelson 2010, p. 11. ^ " Brian Jones
Brian Jones
Leaves Rolling Stones". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 2017-10-06.  ^ Jagger
Jagger
et al. 2003, p. 40. ^ Jagger
Jagger
et al. 2003, p. 42. ^ Nelson 2010, p. 13. ^ Wyman 2002, pp. 36–37. ^ a b c Faulk, B. J. (2011). New Left in Victorian Drag: "The Rolling Stones Rock and Roll Circus". Texas Studies In Literature & Language, 53(2), 138–158. ^ It's Only Rock 'n' Roll, The Ultimate Guide To The Rolling Stones, James Karnbach and Carol Bernson, Facts On File, Inc., New York, NY, 1997 ^ Wyman, Bill. Rolling With the Stones New York: DK Publishing, 2002. 36. Print ^ Bockris 1992, pp. 42–43. ^ Nelson 2010, pp. 14–15. ^ Wyman 2002, pp. 40–41; 44–45. ^  Wyman, Bill. Rolling With the Stones New York: DK Publishing, 2002. 122. Print ^ "Mick Jagger" entry, Contemporary Musicians, Volume 53. Thomson Gale, 2005. ^ Januszczak, Waldemar. " The Rolling Stones
The Rolling Stones
up close". Retrieved 2017-10-06.  ^ "The Rolling Stones". Rock & Roll Hall of Fame. Retrieved 2017-10-06.  ^ Haslam, Dave (2015-08-13). Life After Dark: A History of British Nightclubs & Music Venues. Simon and Schuster. ISBN 9780857207005.  ^ Jagger
Jagger
et al. 2003, pp. 50–51. ^ "Andrew Loog Oldham". Rock & Roll Hall of Fame. Retrieved 2017-10-19.  ^ a b Nelson 2010, p. 20. ^ Wyman 1990, p. 123. ^ "Andrew Loog Oldham". Rock & Roll Hall of Fame. Retrieved 2017-10-06.  ^ Wyman 1990, pp. 135–136. ^ Szatmary 2014, p. 123. ^ "Keith Richard: The Rolling Stone
Rolling Stone
Interview". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on 18 April 2017. Retrieved 14 August 2017.  ^ Davis 2001, p. 79. ^ Nelson 2010, p. 22. ^ Oldham 2000, pp. 205, 212. ^ a b c Jagger
Jagger
et al. 2003, p. 68. ^ Oldham 2000, pp. 209–210, 212. ^ Coral, Hinckley & Rodman 1995. ^ Oldham 2000, pp. 252–253. ^ Nelson 2010, p. 26. ^ Oldham 2000, p. 213. ^ Oldham 2000, p. 205. ^ Marshall 2012, p. 22. ^ Wyman 1990, p. 136. ^ Wyman 1990, p. 133. ^ "Living with Superstardom: The Stones Bill Wyman
Bill Wyman
says 'It Keeps Getting Harder'". Billboard. 6 November 1971. p. 29.  ^ Wyman 1990, p. 139. ^ Oldham 2000, p. 221. ^ "This Day in Music Spotlight: Rolling Stones Riot on Ed Sullivan". gibson.com. Archived from the original on 31 January 2013. Retrieved 4 November 2010.  ^ Haslam 2015, p. 91. ^ Wyman 2002, pp. 65. ^ Wyman 2002, pp. 80–83. ^ Fricke, David (17 April 2008). " Blues
Blues
Brothers". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on 5 April 2008.  ^ Gilliland 1969, show 30, track 2. ^ "Yes, The Beatles
The Beatles
Once Wrote a Song for the Rolling Stones". Ultimate Classic Rock. Archived from the original on 9 July 2017. Retrieved 15 August 2017.  ^ "How The Beatles
The Beatles
ended up writing "I Wanna Be Your Man" for The Rolling Stones". The Beatles. Archived from the original on 15 August 2017. Retrieved 15 August 2017.  ^ a b c d "UK Charts – The Rolling Stones". Official Charts Company. Archived from the original on 20 October 2014. Retrieved 22 November 2015.  ^ Oldham 2000, pp. 256–257. ^ Jagger
Jagger
et al. 2003, p. 84. ^ Wyman 2002, p. 126. ^ "The Hollywood Palace". TV.com. Archived from the original on 16 April 2012. Retrieved 1 June 2007.  ^ Wyman 2002, pp. 128–129. ^ Wyman 2002, p. 158. ^ Wyman 2002, p. 137. ^ a b c Jagger
Jagger
et al. 2003, p. 85. ^ Wyman 2002, p. 154. ^ a b c d " The Rolling Stones
The Rolling Stones
Biography". Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. Archived from the original on 5 April 2013. Retrieved 12 April 2013.  ^ " 12 X 5
12 X 5
The Rolling Stones". www.rollingstones.com. Retrieved 2017-10-11.  ^ Cutler 2010, p. 137. ^ a b Let it Bleed (Media notes). Decca. p. 1.  ^ "Beggar's Banquet". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on 7 August 2017. Retrieved 17 August 2017.  ^ Wyman 2002, p. 159. ^ Wyman 2002, pp. 164–165; 171. ^ Wyman 2002, p. 166. ^ a b c Jagger
Jagger
et al. 2003, p. 95. ^ Wyman 2002, p. 187. ^ Wyman 2002, p. 195. ^ McPherson, Ian. "The Rolling Stones' Complete Discography". Archived from the original on 29 April 2008. Retrieved 30 March 2008.  ^ "The Rolling Stones' Top 10 Albums – Ranked – NME". NME. 23 April 2015. Archived from the original on 16 August 2017. Retrieved 15 August 2017.  ^ "Rolling Stones: 25 defining moments in their career". The Telegraph. Retrieved 2017-10-19.  ^ "Going Home – The Rolling Stones
The Rolling Stones
Song Info AllMusic". AllMusic. Archived from the original on 16 August 2017. Retrieved 15 August 2017.  ^ " The Rolling Stones
The Rolling Stones
full Official Chart History Official Charts Company". www.officialcharts.com. Retrieved 2017-10-19.  ^ a b " The Rolling Stones
The Rolling Stones
Chart History". Billboard. Retrieved 2017-10-19.  ^ Gilliland 1969, show 38, track 3. ^ "Nineteenth Nervous Breakdown full Official Chart History Official Charts Company". Retrieved 2017-10-19.  ^ a b c " Mick Jagger
Mick Jagger
and The Rolling Stones' Biggest Billboard Hot 100 Hits". Billboard. Retrieved 2017-10-19.  ^ Inglis-Arkell, Esther. "This Is The Drug In The Rolling Stones' Song "Mother's Little Helper"". io9. Archived from the original on 14 August 2017. Retrieved 14 August 2017.  ^ Warner, Judith. "Valium Invalidation: What if Mother (and Father) Really Did Need A Little Help?". Time. ISSN 0040-781X. Retrieved 2017-10-19.  ^ "Have You Seen Your Mother Baby Standing in the Shadow full Official Chart History Official Charts Company". Retrieved 2017-10-19.  ^ "MoMA – Music promos for "Have You Seen Your Mother, Baby, Standing in the Shadow?" [two versions] and "We Love You"". moma.org. 2014. Archived from the original on 6 September 2014. Retrieved 6 September 2014.  ^ "Project MUSE – Standing in the Shadow: Peter Whitehead, Swinging London's Insider/Outsider". muse.jhu.edu. 2014. Archived from the original on 4 September 2015. Retrieved 6 September 2014.  ^ "Keith Richards: The Rolling Stone
Rolling Stone
Interview". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on 16 August 2017. Retrieved 15 August 2017.  ^ "Inside Allen Klein's Role in 1967 Jagger-Richards Drug Bust". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on 11 February 2017. Retrieved 15 August 2017.  ^ "BBC ON THIS DAY 10 1967: Two Rolling Stones on drugs charges". news.bbc.co.uk. Archived from the original on 10 February 2017. Retrieved 15 August 2017.  ^ Gilliland 1969, show 46. ^ a b c d e f " The Rolling Stones
The Rolling Stones
Biography". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on 30 April 2011. Retrieved 6 June 2006.  ^ Wyman 2002, p. 256. ^ Wells 2012, p. 110. ^ a b Paytress 2003, p. 116. ^ Cohen 2016, p. 153. ^ a b Meltzer, Tom (18 October 2010). "Keith Richards: the Keef facts". The Guardian. London/Manchester. Archived from the original on 28 December 2013. Retrieved 19 October 2010.  ^ Jagger
Jagger
et al. 2003, p. 112. ^ Wyman 2002, pp. 264–265. ^ Jagger
Jagger
et al. 2003, p. 113. ^ Wyman 2002, p. 268. ^ "Police raid Keith Richard's "Redlands" home in Sussex for drugs". The History of Rock Music. Archived from the original on 26 June 2015. Retrieved 25 June 2015.  ^ Booth 2000, p. 276. ^ Wyman 2002, pp. 278–282. ^ Booth 2000, pp. 271–278. ^ Janovitz, Bill. " We Love You
We Love You
– song review". Allmusic. Archived from the original on 20 November 2012. Retrieved 14 July 2013.  ^ Tannenbaum, Rob; Marks, Craig (2011-10-27). I Want My MTV: The Uncensored Story of the Music Video Revolution. Penguin. ISBN 9781101526415.  ^ Stras, Laurie (2017-07-05). "She's So Fine: Reflections on Whiteness, Femininity, Adolescence and Class in 1960s Music ". Routledge. ISBN 9781351548731.  ^ Wyman 2002, p. 286. ^ Wyman 2002, pp. 292–293; 299. ^ Davis 2001, pp. 224–25, 226–27. ^ Norman 2001, p. 293. ^ Wyman 2002, p. 290. ^ Wyman 2002, pp. 296–298. ^ DeCurtis, Anthony (17 June 1997). "Review: Beggars Banquet". Rolling Stone. New York. Archived from the original on 31 January 2002. Retrieved 9 July 2013.  ^ "Beggars Banquet". Rolling Stone. January 2003. Archived from the original on 23 May 2012. Retrieved 22 November 2014.  ^ "45 Years Ago: The Rolling Stones
The Rolling Stones
Court Controversy Over 'Beggars Banquet' Cover". Ultimate Classic Rock. Archived from the original on 16 August 2017. Retrieved 15 August 2017.  ^ Jagger
Jagger
et al. 2003, p. 114. ^ Maslin, Janet (12 October 1996). "Taking a Trip Back in Time To the Sleek Young Stones". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 16 August 2017. Retrieved 23 August 2012.  ^ Farley, Christopher John (18 October 2004). "Starry Circus". Time. Archived from the original on 20 August 2012. Retrieved 23 August 2012.  ^ Jagger
Jagger
et al. 2003, p. 128. ^ Wyman 2002, p. 329. ^ a b The Rolling Stones
The Rolling Stones
(1969). The Stones in the Park
The Stones in the Park
( DVD
DVD
released 2006). Network Studios.  ^ " The Rolling Stones
The Rolling Stones
were never bad boys, says former manager Sam Cutler". Sydney Morning Herald. Archived from the original on 7 October 2014. Retrieved 22 November 2014.  ^ "The Rolling Stones: Still The World's Greatest Rock And Roll Band?". Grammy.com. Archived from the original on 27 September 2015. Retrieved 2 July 2015.  ^ "Mick Jagger: we will play same set list at Hyde Park gig as in 1969". The Telegraph. Archived from the original on 20 October 2013. Retrieved 15 August 2017.  ^ "HYDE PARK, LONDON SETLIST: 13TH JULY 2013 The Rolling Stones". www.rollingstones.com. Archived from the original on 23 May 2017. Retrieved 15 August 2017.  ^ " The Rolling Stones
The Rolling Stones
release iconic Hyde Park 1969 performance on Blu-ray". AXS. Archived from the original on 11 August 2017. Retrieved 15 August 2017.  ^ Marcus, Greil (27 December 1969). " Let It Bleed
Let It Bleed
– album review". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on 6 January 2013. Retrieved 7 December 2012.  ^ "The Making of 'Let It Bleed'". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on 16 August 2017. Retrieved 15 August 2017.  ^ Burks, John (7 February 1970). "Rock & Roll's Worst Day: The Aftermath of Altamont". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on 1 November 2007. Retrieved 18 April 2007.  ^ Bangs, Lester (12 November 1970). "Get Yer Ya-Ya's Out – album review". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on 22 December 2013. Retrieved 14 July 2013.  ^ "That Time the Rolling Stones Dared Their Label to Release 'C—sucker Blues'". Ultimate Classic Rock. Archived from the original on 10 August 2017. Retrieved 15 August 2017.  ^ a b c d Goldstein, Mike. "UnCovered Interview – The Rolling Stones Lips & Tongue logo, with designs by Ernie Cefalu". RockPoP Gallery. RockPoP Gallery. Archived from the original on 29 November 2014. Retrieved 22 November 2014.  ^ "10 banned album covers". The Telegraph. Archived from the original on 5 July 2015. Retrieved 15 August 2017.  ^ "Stones Settle With Allen Klein: Four More Albums". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on 16 August 2017. Retrieved 15 August 2017.  ^ "The Rolling Stones' Early Catalog Dazzles on New Mono Remasters: Sneak Peek". Billboard. Archived from the original on 23 December 2016. Retrieved 15 August 2017.  ^ "Rolling Stones' Early Records Collected in New Mono Box". Ultimate Classic Rock. Archived from the original on 16 August 2017. Retrieved 15 August 2017.  ^ a b c "Calgary's National Music Centre preserving rock history with Rolling Stones mobile studio". CBC News. Archived from the original on 1 January 2017. Retrieved 15 August 2017.  ^ "Famed Rolling Stones Mobile Studio
Rolling Stones Mobile Studio
finds new life at NMC". National Music Centre. Archived from the original on 30 June 2017. Retrieved 15 August 2017.  ^ a b Daniels, Beau. "The Stones Mobile Studio On Wheels Used By Led Zeppelin, Fleetwood Mac, And Queen". Archived from the original on 16 August 2017. Retrieved 15 August 2017.  ^ a b Coscarelli, Joe (7 June 2015). "Art of the Rolling Stones: Behind That Zipper and That Tongue". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 11 June 2015. Retrieved 9 June 2015.  ^ Egan 2013. ^ Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. " Sticky Fingers
Sticky Fingers
– album review". AllMusic. Archived from the original on 1 July 2013. Retrieved 14 July 2013.  ^ Moon 2004, pp. 695–699. ^ Landau, Jon (23 April 1971). "Sticky Fingers". Rolling Stone. New York. Archived from the original on 24 December 2014. Retrieved 22 November 2014.  ^ "Rolling Stones: The Grisly Death-And-Drugs Filled Story Of 'Sticky Fingers' – NME". NME. 23 April 2015. Archived from the original on 16 August 2017. Retrieved 15 August 2017.  ^ Christgau, Robert. "Reviews – The Rolling Stones". robertchristgau.com. Archived from the original on 18 August 2017. Retrieved 30 August 2007.  ^ Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. "Exile on Main St – album review". AllMusic. Archived from the original on 16 July 2013. Retrieved 14 July 2013.  ^ "Ladies and Gentlemen: The Rolling Stones". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on 24 December 2014. Retrieved 22 November 2014.  ^ "hot rocks full Official Chart History Official Charts Company". Retrieved 2017-10-30.  ^ " The Rolling Stones
The Rolling Stones
Hot Rocks 1964-1971 Chart History". Billboard. Retrieved 2017-10-30.  ^ "American album certifications – Rolling Stones, The – Hot Rocks". Recording Industry Association of America. Archived from the original on 16 August 2017. Retrieved 27 June 2013.  ^ a b "How Bill Wyman
Bill Wyman
Became the First Rolling Stones Member to Go Solo With 'Monkey Grip'". Ultimate Classic Rock. Archived from the original on 30 July 2017. Retrieved 15 August 2017.  ^ " Bill Wyman
Bill Wyman
Album Discography AllMusic". AllMusic. Archived from the original on 16 August 2017. Retrieved 15 August 2017.  ^ a b c "Stones paid just 1.6% tax on £240m royalties". The Independent. 2 August 2006. Archived from the original on 13 August 2017. Retrieved 13 August 2017.  ^ a b c Browning, Lynnley (4 February 2007). "The Netherlands, the New Tax Shelter Hot Spot". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on 13 August 2017. Retrieved 13 August 2017.  ^ Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. " Goats Head Soup
Goats Head Soup
– album review". Allmusic. Archived from the original on 7 July 2013. Retrieved 14 July 2013.  ^ " The Rolling Stones
The Rolling Stones
– Tattoo You". Rolling Stone. 1 November 2003. Archived from the original on 26 November 2014. Retrieved 22 November 2014.  ^ Wyman 2002, p. 408. ^ Wyman 2002, pp. 361, 412. ^ a b "Making The Stones' New Album". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 2017-10-11.  ^ Jagger, M., Richards, R. (1974). [Liner notes]. In It's Only Rock'n'Roll [Vinyl, LP, Album, Reissue]. Rolling Stones Records. ^ "it's-only-rock-'n'-roll full Official Chart History Official Charts Company". Retrieved 2017-10-11.  ^ "it's-only-rock-and-roll full Official Chart History Official Charts Company". Retrieved 2017-10-11.  ^ "It's Only Rock 'n Roll". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 2017-10-11.  ^ Prato, Greg. " Mick Taylor
Mick Taylor
bio". Allmusic. Archived from the original on 13 November 2013. Retrieved 14 July 2013.  ^ James, Gary. "Gary James' Interview With Mick Taylor
Mick Taylor
of the Rolling Stones". Archived from the original on 14 February 2008. Retrieved 21 February 2008.  ^ Smith, Curtis. "Why Mick Taylor
Mick Taylor
Quit the Stones". micktaylor.net. Archived from the original on 16 August 2017. Retrieved 25 June 2007.  ^ Obrecht, Jas (February 1980). "Mick Taylor: Ex-Rolling Stones On His Own". Guitar World: 20.  ^ Jagger
Jagger
et al. 2003, p. 174. ^ a b Paytress 2003, p. 239. ^ "Ronnie Wood: Second Life". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 29 November 2014. Retrieved 22 November 2014.  ^ Christgau, Robert (31 October 1977). "Christgau's Consumer Guide". The Village Voice. New York. Archived from the original on 24 June 2015. Retrieved 9 June 2015.  ^ Greenspan 1980, p. 518. ^ Sandford 2003, p. 225. ^ a b Greenspan 1980, pp. 517–527. ^ a b Sandford 2003, p. 227. ^ Sandford 2003, pp. 232–233; 248–250. ^ "Seventies and Eighties". The Telegraph. London. 1 August 2003. Archived from the original on 16 October 2010. Retrieved 2 August 2010.  ^ Philo, Simon (2 September 2015). "Not Sucking in the Seventies: The Rolling Stones and the Myth of Decline". Rock Music Studies. 2 (3): 295–314. doi:10.1080/19401159.2015.1093377. ISSN 1940-1159. Archived from the original on 16 August 2017.  ^ Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. " Some Girls
Some Girls
– album review". AllMusic. Archived from the original on 28 June 2013. Retrieved 14 July 2013.  ^ a b c Nelson 2010, p. 92. ^ Janovitz, Bill. "The Rolling Stones : "Waiting on a Friend"". AllMusic. Retrieved 12 November 2014.  ^ Robert Palmer (4 November 1981). "The Stones Roll On, Refusing to Become Show-Business Slick". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 16 August 2017.  ^ " Muddy Waters
Muddy Waters
/ The Rolling Stones
The Rolling Stones
– Checkerboard Lounge: Live Chicago 1981 (DVD)". AllMusic. Archived from the original on 16 October 2015. Retrieved 22 November 2014.  ^ "Stones Tour Pays Off". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on 7 May 2016. Retrieved 18 August 2017.  ^ Saulnier, Jason (8 April 2010). " Chuck Leavell
Chuck Leavell
Interview". Music Legends. Archived from the original on 16 December 2013. Retrieved 6 May 2013.  ^ a b Nelson 2010, p. 96. ^ 1943–, Richards, Keith, (2010). Life. Fox, James, 1945– (1st ed.). New York: Little, Brown and Co. pp. 470–472. ISBN 9780297854395. OCLC 548642133. Archived from the original on 16 August 2017.  ^ Richards 2010, p. 461. ^ "Bowie/ Jagger
Jagger
Vidclip Heads for Movie Screens". Billboard. 24 August 1985. p. 1. Archived from the original on 18 August 2017.  ^ "Sir Mick Jagger
Mick Jagger
returns to UK singles chart". BBC. Archived from the original on 23 February 2012. Retrieved 12 March 2012.  ^ " Mick Jagger
Mick Jagger
and The Rolling Stones' Biggest Billboard Hot 100 Hits". Billboard. Archived from the original on 10 June 2017. Retrieved 18 August 2017.  ^ Zentgraf, Nico. "The Complete Works of The Rolling Stones 1962–2008". Archived from the original on 19 March 2008. Retrieved 23 February 2008.  ^ a b "The 25 Boldest Career Moves in Rock History: 20) Mick Jagger Tours Solo With Joe Satriani". Rolling Stone. 18 March 2011. Archived from the original on 5 January 2013. Retrieved 4 December 2011.  ^ Sandford 1999, p. 268. ^ a b c "RIAA Gold & Platinum database". Recording Industry Association of America. Archived from the original on 26 June 2007. Retrieved 4 December 2011.  ^ Jagger
Jagger
et al. 2003, p. 247. ^ Patell 2011, p. 138. ^ a b Patell 2011, p. 24. ^ "The Rolling Stones- Continental Drift". BBC Four. Archived from the original on 4 September 2015. Retrieved 22 November 2014.  ^ "Rolling Stones' 1991 Concert Film "Live at the Max" Headed to DVD". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on 24 December 2014. Retrieved 22 November 2014.  ^ McPherson, Ian. " The Rolling Stones
The Rolling Stones
Chronicle: 1993". Archived from the original on 30 November 2010. Retrieved 21 March 2011.  ^ Schinder & Schwartz 2010, p. 230. ^ Bockris 1992, p. 394. ^ Neill 2015, p. 137. ^ Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. " Voodoo Lounge
Voodoo Lounge
– album review". AllMusic. Archived from the original on 4 June 2013. Retrieved 14 July 2013.  ^ "The 37th Grammy Nominations". Los Angeles Times. Tribune Company. 6 January 1995. p. 3. Archived from the original on 28 October 2014. Retrieved 22 November 2014.  ^ a b "Virgin Act Ends Highest Grossing Tour Ever". Billboard: 45. 10 December 1994. Archived from the original on 18 August 2017.  ^ "Like a Rolling Stone
Rolling Stone
– The Rolling Stones : Songs, Reviews, Credits, Awards". AllMusic. Archived from the original on 28 July 2015. Retrieved 22 November 2014.  ^ a b 1994 MTV Video Music Awards
1994 MTV Video Music Awards
Archived 1 May 2011 at the Wayback Machine. MTV.com. Retrieved 4 December 2011 ^ "Rolling Stones Live on Internet: Both a Big Deal and a Little Deal". The New York Times. 22 November 1994. Archived from the original on 29 January 2017.  ^ " Bridges to Babylon
Bridges to Babylon
The Rolling Stones
The Rolling Stones
Songs, Reviews, Credits AllMusic". AllMusic. Archived from the original on 13 August 2017. Retrieved 13 August 2017.  ^ "Bridges to Babylon". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on 14 March 2014. Retrieved 4 December 2016.  ^ " Bridges to Babylon
Bridges to Babylon
EW.com". Entertainment Weekly's EW.com. Archived from the original on 4 December 2016.  ^ "NME.COM – THE ROLLING STONES – Bridges To Babylon – 20/9/97". 17 August 2000. Archived from the original on 17 August 2000. CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link) ^ "The Devil in Miss Angelina Jolie". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on 21 August 2017. Retrieved 21 August 2017.  ^ Sandler, Adam (4 December 1997). "Stones rolling tour with VH1, MTV boost". Variety. Archived from the original on 13 August 2017. Retrieved 13 August 2017.  ^ "Stones' song list is set for the blues". old.post-gazette.com. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 13 August 2017.  ^ Nigel Williamson (5 December 2003). "Alive and kicking". London: Arts.guardian.co.uk. Archived from the original on 12 September 2014. Retrieved 6 September 2010.  ^ "Concert for New York City – Various Artists". Allmusic. Archived from the original on 20 August 2016. Retrieved 22 November 2014.  ^ "Q – 50 Bands You Must See Before You Die". rocklistmusic.co.uk. September 2002. Archived from the original on 11 November 2010. Retrieved 7 June 2007.  ^ Rashbaum, Alyssa (31 July 2003). "Justin Timberlake Joins Stones At Toronto Benefit, Gets Pelted With Garbage". MTV. Archived from the original on 17 July 2013. Retrieved 22 November 2014.  ^ "Some US retailers join Stones boycott". CNN. November 2003. Archived from the original on 22 January 2008. Retrieved 14 June 2007.  ^ "More names join UK Music Hall Of Fame". NME. Archived from the original on 7 January 2012. Retrieved 4 December 2011.  ^ Light, Alan (22 September 2005). " A Bigger Bang
A Bigger Bang
– album review". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on 13 August 2009. Retrieved 14 June 2007.  ^ a b " The Rolling Stones
The Rolling Stones
– Official Chart History". Official Charts Company (OCC). Archived from the original on 19 April 2013. Retrieved 14 July 2013.  ^ "Stones 'slate Bush' in album song". BBC News. 2005. Archived from the original on 20 January 2008. Retrieved 16 October 2007.  ^ "Richards persuaded band to skip Live 8". Sydney Morning Herald. Archived from the original on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 23 November 2014.  ^ "Rolling Stones hold giant Rio gig". BBC News. Archived from the original on 16 August 2017. Retrieved 22 November 2013.  ^ " Keith Richards
Keith Richards
and the Fiji
Fiji
fall: The mystery deepens". Uncut. Archived from the original on 29 September 2006.  ^ "Kiwi Doctor Rolls with the Stones". Sunday Star Times. 10 February 2008. Retrieved 5 March 2008.  ^ DPA (14 June 2006). "After the tree ... it's rehab". The Sydney Morning Herald. Archived from the original on 14 June 2007. Retrieved 17 May 2007.  ^ Larkin, Adrian (20 June 2006). "Rolling Stones gig latest". BBC 6. Archived from the original on 14 July 2007. Retrieved 18 May 2007.  ^ " The Rolling Stones
The Rolling Stones
Europe 2006". The Rolling Stones
The Rolling Stones
Fan Club of Europe. Archived from the original on 16 August 2017.  ^ "Update: Stones Roll By U2 For Top Grossing Tour Ever". Billboard. Archived from the original on 28 May 2013. Retrieved 4 May 2013.  ^ "Shine A Light". Internet Movie Database. Archived from the original on 6 January 2007. Retrieved 16 January 2007.  ^ Weiner, Tim (15 December 2006). "Ahmet Ertegun, Music Executive, Dies at 83". nytimes.com. Archived from the original on 17 May 2013. Retrieved 20 March 2012.  ^ "Rolling Stones the high note on Isle of Wight". The Telegraph. Archived from the original on 25 September 2015. Retrieved 23 November 2014.  ^ "Rolling Stones' Tour Breaks Attendance Records". Huliq.com. Archived from the original on 22 May 2011. Retrieved 4 April 2011.  ^ "Rolled Gold+: The Very Best of the Rolling Stones – The Rolling Stones Release Info AllMusic". AllMusic. Archived from the original on 16 August 2017. Retrieved 15 August 2017.  ^ "Stones Planning 23rd Album". Contact Music. 28 March 2008. Archived from the original on 28 June 2014.  ^ Cohen, Jonathan (25 July 2008). " The Rolling Stones
The Rolling Stones
Leave EMI
EMI
For Universal". Billboard. Archived from the original on 12 April 2017. Retrieved 11 April 2017.  ^ "ROLLING STONES TO UNIVERSAL MUSIC GROUP IN RECORDING DEAL – UMG". UMG. 25 July 2008. Archived from the original on 16 August 2017. Retrieved 15 August 2017.  ^ Fanelli, Damian (3 May 2012). "Interview: Former Rolling Stones Guitarist Mick Taylor
Mick Taylor
Discusses Gear, Bluesbreakers, Iridium and The Stones". Guitar World. Archived from the original on 30 November 2014. Retrieved 22 November 2014.  ^ " The Rolling Stones
The Rolling Stones
to release "Plundered My Soul" for Record Store Day". The Independent. London. 10 April 2010. Archived from the original on 29 January 2012. Retrieved 6 September 2010.  ^ a b Chagollan, Steve (15 May 2010). "Re-issue of Stones album spawns Cannes docu". Variety. Archived from the original on 1 January 2016.  ^ "Archive Chart". Theofficialcharts.com. 29 May 2010. Archived from the original on 27 May 2012. Retrieved 6 September 2010.  ^ "'Glee' Stops the Show at No. 1, Stones Come in Second On Billboard 200". Billboard. 14 September 2009. Archived from the original on 4 July 2013. Retrieved 6 September 2010.  ^ Rambler, Midnight (12 August 2010). " Ladies and Gentlemen to Hit Cinemas across the Globe". Rollingstones.com. Archived from the original on 15 August 2010. Retrieved 6 September 2010.  ^ " The Rolling Stones
The Rolling Stones
– Some Girls, Live in Texas '78". Archived from the original on 8 December 2011. Retrieved 3 December 2011.  ^ "The Rolling Stones: Some Girls
Some Girls
(Reissue) – review". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 29 November 2014. Retrieved 23 November 2014.  ^ "The Rolling Stones: 50 The Rolling Stones". www.rollingstones.com. Archived from the original on 10 June 2017. Retrieved 18 August 2017.  ^ "Rolling Stones debut new logo". Uncut. Archived from the original on 14 July 2013. Retrieved 14 July 2013.  ^ "Fan Hoping to See Rolling Stones In Slovenia
Slovenia
Gets No Satisfaction" (PDF). Wall Street Journal. 9 December 2012. Archived (PDF) from the original on 11 December 2012.  ^ Greene, Andy (1 August 2012). "Rolling Stones Documentary Coming to HBO in Fall". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on 3 October 2013. Retrieved 14 July 2013.  ^ " GRRR! The Rolling Stones
The Rolling Stones
announce greatest hits album". rollingstones.com. 4 September 2012. Archived from the original on 29 March 2013. Retrieved 14 July 2013.  ^ "New Rolling Stones video released featuring Dragon Tattoo star Noomi Rapace". The Telegraph. 21 November 2012. Archived from the original on 28 December 2012. Retrieved 14 July 2013.  ^ " The Rolling Stones
The Rolling Stones
celebrate 50 years with sold-out O2 show". The Telegraph. 26 November 2012. Archived from the original on 11 December 2012. Retrieved 12 December 2012.  ^ a b c "Rolling Stones to perform with Lady Gaga and Bruce Springsteen". The Telegraph. 10 December 2012. Archived from the original on 11 December 2012. Retrieved 12 December 2012.  ^ "Lady Gaga sings 'Gimme Shelter' with The Rolling Stones
The Rolling Stones
at New Jersey gig – watch – NME". NME. 16 December 2012. Archived from the original on 13 August 2017. Retrieved 13 August 2017.  ^ Martens, Todd (12 December 2012). " 12-12-12 Concert: The Rolling Stones make a quick exit". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on 29 December 2013. Retrieved 14 July 2013.  ^ a b "Rolling Stones to return to Hyde Park". BBC News. 3 April 2013. Archived from the original on 7 August 2013.  ^ Lynskey, Dorian (30 June 2013). "Rolling Stones at Glastonbury 2013 – review". The Guardian. London. Archived from the original on 30 July 2013. Retrieved 2 July 2013.  ^ "Rolling Stones Release 'Hyde Park Live' Album". Billboard. Archived from the original on 21 February 2014. Retrieved 19 April 2014.  ^ Henne, Bruce (26 July 2013). "hennemusic". hennemusic. Archived from the original on 13 February 2014. Retrieved 19 April 2014.  ^ "Rolling Stones to release DVD
DVD
of recent Hyde Park shows". Rollingtimes.org. Archived from the original on 3 February 2014. Retrieved 19 April 2014.  ^ "14 ON FIRE". The Rolling Stones. Archived from the original on 16 April 2014. Retrieved 19 April 2014.  ^ "Rolling Stones perform to more than 50,000 fans at Adelaide Oval". ABC News. Archived from the original on 30 November 2014. Retrieved 10 December 2014.  ^ "Rolling Stones rain satisfaction on Tel Aviv". Haaretz. Archived from the original on 29 November 2014. Retrieved 12 November 2014.  ^ "Mick Jagger: 'I'm Not Thinking About Retirement'". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on 16 August 2017. Retrieved 15 August 2017.  ^ a b "Rolling Stones announce 'landmark' Cuba
Cuba
concert". BBC. 1 March 2016. Archived from the original on 2 March 2016.  ^ Waddell, Ray (5 November 2015). "Rolling Stones Announce 2016 Latin American Tour". Billboard magazine. Archived from the original on 7 November 2015. Retrieved 8 November 2015.  ^ " The Rolling Stones
The Rolling Stones
Latin America Olé Tour 2016". iorr.org. 27 November 2015. Archived from the original on 16 August 2017. Retrieved 5 February 2016.  ^ "Rolling Stones Announce Expanded 'Totally Stripped' Package (article by Jeff Giles)". Ultimate Classic Rock. 6 April 2016. Archived from the original on 18 July 2016. Retrieved 14 July 2016.  ^ " The Rolling Stones
The Rolling Stones
in Cuba
Cuba
concert film ' Havana
Havana
Moon' to be premiered in cinemas for one night only". rollingstones.com. 28 July 2016. Archived from the original on 29 July 2016. Retrieved 31 July 2016.  ^ "Rolling Stones Cuba
Cuba
Concert Film ' Havana
Havana
Moon' to Play in Theaters (by Jeff Giles)". ultimateclassicrock.com. 28 July 2016. Archived from the original on 30 July 2016. Retrieved 31 July 2016.  ^ The Rolling Stones
The Rolling Stones
(7 September 2016). "Olé Olé Olé: A Trip Across Latin America (Trailer)". Archived from the original on 10 April 2017. Retrieved 3 April 2017.  ^ " The Rolling Stones
The Rolling Stones
Olé Olé Olé! : A Trip Across Latin America". www.tiff.net. Archived from the original on 4 April 2017. Retrieved 3 April 2017.  ^ a b "Rolling Stones' 'Ole Ole Ole! A Trip Across Latin America' Coming to Home Video". Ultimate Classic Rock. Archived from the original on 4 April 2017. Retrieved 3 April 2017.  ^ "¡Olé, Olé, Olé! A Trip Across Latin America The Rolling Stones". www.rollingstones.com. Archived from the original on 4 April 2017. Retrieved 3 April 2017.  ^ "Rolling Stones Announce New Blues
Blues
Cover Album 'Blue & Lonesome'". Rolling Stone. 6 October 2016. Archived from the original on 12 December 2016. Retrieved 21 December 2016.  ^ "New Rolling Stones album Blue & Lonesome will be released in December". The Telegraph. 6 October 2016. Archived from the original on 22 December 2016. Retrieved 21 December 2016.  ^ "Blue&Lonesome". The Rolling Stones
The Rolling Stones
Official Website. Archived from the original on 5 January 2017. Retrieved 21 December 2016.  ^ "Rolling Stones top UK album chart with Blue & Lonesome". BBC News. 9 December 2016. Archived from the original on 9 January 2017.  ^ Caulfield, Keith (11 December 2016). "'The Hamilton Mixtape' Debuts at No. 1 on Billboard 200 Albums Chart". Billboard. Archived from the original on 12 December 2016. Retrieved 12 December 2016.  ^ " The Rolling Stones
The Rolling Stones
to record new album". torontosun.com. 24 July 2017. Archived from the original on 16 August 2017. Retrieved 31 July 2017.  ^ "Rolling Stones Collect Rare BBC Recordings for 'On Air' (by Daniel Kreps)". rollingstone.com. 6 October 2017. Retrieved 26 October 2017.  ^ Savage, Mark (26 February 2018). "Rolling Stones to tour UK in 2018". BBC News. Retrieved 27 February 2018.  ^ "Top 10 Brian Jones
Brian Jones
Rolling Stones Songs". Ultimate Classic Rock. Archived from the original on 25 July 2017. Retrieved 18 August 2017.  ^ "Top 10 Brian Jones
Brian Jones
Rolling Stones Multi-Instrumentalist Songs". Ultimate Classic Rock. Archived from the original on 10 July 2017. Retrieved 18 August 2017.  ^ Hell, Richard (1 October 2015). Massive Pissed Love: Nonfiction 2001–2014. Soft Skull Press. p. 23. ISBN 9781619026742.  ^ " Time Is on My Side
Time Is on My Side
– The Rolling Stones : Songs, Reviews, Credits, Awards". AllMusic. Archived from the original on 4 September 2015. Retrieved 22 November 2014.  ^ a b c d e Hellmann, John M. (1973). ""I'm a Monkey": The Influence of the Black American Blues
Blues
Argot on the Rolling Stones". The Journal of American Folklore. 86 (342): 367–373. doi:10.2307/539360. Archived from the original on 22 August 2017.  ^ a b Gelly, Dave (30 April 2017). " Charlie Watts
Charlie Watts
Meets the Danish Radio Big Band Review – serious jazz from Stones drummer". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Archived from the original on 17 August 2017. Retrieved 17 August 2017.  ^ a b " Charlie Watts
Charlie Watts
The Rolling Stones". www.rollingstones.com. Archived from the original on 11 August 2017. Retrieved 17 August 2017.  ^ Jagger
Jagger
et al. 2003, p. 41. ^ a b "Top 10 Rolling Stones Blues
Blues
Songs". Ultimate Classic Rock. Archived from the original on 19 August 2017. Retrieved 18 August 2017.  ^ Cannon, Carl M. (18 July 2017). On This Date: From the Pilgrims to Today, Discovering America One Day at a Time. Grand Central Publishing. ISBN 9781455542284.  ^ "Can Blue Men Play The Whites?". Blues
Blues
Britannia. BBC4. 3 May 2009. Archived from the original on 28 January 2012. Retrieved 29 May 2010.  ^ Unterberger, Richie. "Tell Me – song review". AllMusic. Archived from the original on 22 July 2013. Retrieved 14 July 2013.  ^ Wenner, Jann (14 December 1995). " Jagger
Jagger
Remembers". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on 22 June 2008. Retrieved 14 December 2006.  ^ Ruhlmann, William. "As Tears Go By – song review". Allmusic. Archived from the original on 14 July 2013. Retrieved 14 July 2013.  ^ van der Luft, Eric (2009). Die at the Right Time!: A Subjective Cultural History of the American Sixties. p. 102.  ^ Nathan & Lindsay 2001, p. 217. ^ According to the Rolling Stones. Jagger, Mick., Loewenstein, Dora., Dodd, Philip, 1957–, Watts, Charlie. San Francisco, Calif.: Chronicle Books. 2003. pp. 160–161. ISBN 0811840603. OCLC 53051557. Archived from the original on 16 August 2017.  ^ 1943–, Richards, Keith, (2010). Life. Fox, James, 1945– (1st ed.). New York: Little, Brown and Co. p. 241. ISBN 9780297854395. OCLC 548642133. Archived from the original on 16 August 2017.  ^ Staubmann, Helmut (2013). The Rolling Stones: Sociological Perspectives. Lexington Books. p. 35. ISBN 978-0-739-17672-6.  ^ Perone 2012, pp. 159,185. ^ Chris, Gill (1995). Guitar legends: the definitive guide to the world's greatest guitar players. HarperPerennial. p. 108.  ^ Day, Elizabeth (12 November 2011). "The Rolling Stones: that 50-year itch…". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Archived from the original on 17 August 2017. Retrieved 17 August 2017.  ^ 1943–, Richards, Keith, (2010). Life. Fox, James, 1945– (1st ed.). New York: Little, Brown and Co. p. 236. ISBN 9780297854395. OCLC 548642133. Archived from the original on 16 August 2017.  ^ " Mick Jagger
Mick Jagger
Remembers". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on 16 August 2017. Retrieved 17 August 2017.  ^ Smith, Kyle (16 September 2015). " Keith Richards
Keith Richards
dishes on fighting 'World War III' with Mick Jagger". New York Post. Archived from the original on 17 August 2017. Retrieved 17 August 2017.  ^ "Making 'Exile on Main St.'". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on 27 April 2017. Retrieved 17 August 2017.  ^ a b Perone 2012, p. 185. ^ "Mick Jagger: the Rolling Stone
Rolling Stone
who changed music". The Telegraph. Archived from the original on 13 March 2016. Retrieved 17 August 2017.  ^ a b "Love and War Inside the Rolling Stones". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on 2 June 2017. Retrieved 15 August 2017.  ^ "Keith Richards: sometimes I 'despise' Mick Jagger". The Telegraph. Archived from the original on 3 August 2017. Retrieved 15 August 2017.  ^ a b Lawrence, Jesse. "With Touring Still A Focal Point, The Rolling Stones, AC/DC And U2 Fight For Top Honors In Rock And Roll History". Forbes. Archived from the original on 16 August 2017. Retrieved 15 August 2017.  ^ "The Official Top 20 biggest selling groups of all time revealed!". Archived from the original on 15 January 2017. Retrieved 15 August 2017.  ^ Allen, Dave (2007). "Feelin' Bad This Morning: Why the British Blues?". Popular Music. 26 (1): 141–156. doi:10.2307/4500305. Archived from the original on 22 August 2017.  ^ "The British Invasion: From the Beatles to the Stones, The Sixties Belonged to Britain". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on 30 May 2017. Retrieved 22 August 2017.  ^ "Update: Stones Roll By U2 For Top Grossing Tour Ever". Billboard. Archived from the original on 5 February 2017. Retrieved 15 August 2017.  ^ a b "Mick Jagger: the Rolling Stone
Rolling Stone
who changed music". The Telegraph. Archived from the original on 13 March 2016. Retrieved 15 August 2017.  ^ "The Rolling Stones". Rock & Roll Hall of Fame. Archived from the original on 16 August 2017. Retrieved 15 August 2017.  ^ "The 1989 Rock and Roll Hall of Fame
Rock and Roll Hall of Fame
Induction Ceremony". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on 16 August 2017. Retrieved 15 August 2017.  ^ "Like a Rolling Stone
Rolling Stone
/ Bands influenced by Mick and the boys". SFGate. Archived from the original on 16 August 2017. Retrieved 15 August 2017.  ^ "Chris Martin Advises 'Voice' Singers To Get Moves Like Mick Jagger: Watch Now". MTV
MTV
News. Archived from the original on 16 August 2017. Retrieved 15 August 2017.  ^ HuffPost Live (20 July 2015). "Joss Stone Interview: Mick Jagger Taught Me About The Meaning Of Soul". Archived from the original on 16 August 2017. Retrieved 15 August 2017.  ^ "Rolling Stones". GRAMMY.com. 14 May 2017. Retrieved 29 January 2018.  ^ "1991 International Entertainer of the Year The Rolling Stones
The Rolling Stones
The JUNO Awards". The JUNO Awards. Archived from the original on 16 August 2017. Retrieved 15 August 2017.  ^ "Rolling Stones Win Album of the Year at U.K.'s Jazz FM Awards". Billboard. Archived from the original on 14 July 2017. Retrieved 15 August 2017.  ^ Smith, Caspar Llewellyn (28 February 2013). "NME awards: Rolling Stones win best live band". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Archived from the original on 16 August 2017. Retrieved 15 August 2017.  ^ " Blues
Blues
before sunrise – Marquee Club, 165 Oxford St, London
London
W1D 2JW". stonesexhibitionism.com. July 2016. Archived from the original on 16 August 2017. Retrieved 13 July 2016.  ^ Burks, John (27 February 1970). "Rock & Roll's Worst Day: The aftermath of Altamont". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on 1 November 2007. Retrieved 18 April 2007.  ^ Bangs, Lester (12 November 1970). "The Rolling Stones: Get Yer Ya-Ya's Out". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on 30 November 2006. Retrieved 28 April 2007.  ^ "Rolling Stones at 50: The world's greatest rock brand turns 50". The Telegraph. Archived from the original on 4 May 2017. Retrieved 16 August 2017.  ^ a b c d e f According to the Rolling Stones. Jagger, Mick., Loewenstein, Dora., Dodd, Philip, 1957–, Watts, Charlie. San Francisco, Calif.: Chronicle Books. 2003. pp. 190–192. ISBN 0811840603. OCLC 53051557.  ^ a b " The Rolling Stones
The Rolling Stones
Fall 1969 Tour". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on 16 August 2017. Retrieved 16 August 2017.  ^ a b c d e f According to the Rolling Stones. Jagger, Mick., Loewenstein, Dora., Dodd, Philip, 1957–, Watts, Charlie. San Francisco, Calif.: Chronicle Books. 2003. pp. 164–166. ISBN 0811840603. OCLC 53051557. Archived from the original on 16 August 2017.  ^ a b Hann, Michael (12 June 2011). "The birth of arena rock". The Guardian. Retrieved 17 December 2017.  ^ "The Rolling Stones: On Tour". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 2018-03-16.  ^ Inc, Nielsen Business Media (1974-11-02). Billboard. Nielsen Business Media, Inc.  ^ Davis, Stephen (2001-12-11). Old Gods Almost Dead: The 40-Year Odyssey of the Rolling Stones. Crown/Archetype. ISBN 9780767909563.  ^ "BBC NEWS Entertainment Rolling Stones hold giant Rio gig". news.bbc.co.uk. Archived from the original on 16 August 2017. Retrieved 16 August 2017.  ^ Rohter, Larry (19 February 2006). "The Stones Rock 1.5 Million in Rio Days Before Carnival". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on 16 August 2017. Retrieved 16 August 2017.  ^ a b "Live On Copacabana Beach – Full Concert, The Rolling Stones – YouTube". YouTube. Archived from the original on 16 August 2017. Retrieved 16 August 2017.  ^ a b c d Cohl, C., Callner, M., Gladstein, R., Howard, S. (Producers), & Strand, C. (Director). (1994). The Rolling Stones – Live On Copacabana Beach [Motion Picture]. United States: Concert Productions International. ^ a b c d e f g h "Rolling Stones Lineup Changes: A Complete Guide". Ultimate Classic Rock. Archived from the original on 8 July 2017. Retrieved 15 August 2017.  ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o "Band The Rolling Stones". www.rollingstones.com. Archived from the original on 10 June 2017. Retrieved 15 August 2017.  ^ " Rocks Off
Rocks Off
Setlists". Rocksoff.org. Retrieved 19 April 2014.  ^ " Rocks Off
Rocks Off
Setlists". Rocksoff.org. Retrieved 19 April 2014.  ^ "New backing vocalist Sasha Allen
Sasha Allen
The Rolling Stones". www.rollingstones.com. Archived from the original on 15 August 2017. Retrieved 15 August 2017.  ^ "Rolling Stones Saxophonist Bobby Keys
Bobby Keys
Dead at 70". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on 3 July 2017. Retrieved 15 August 2017.  ^ "Jim Price Biography & History". AllMusic. Archived from the original on 16 August 2017. Retrieved 15 August 2017.  ^ "Beatles, Stones Sideman
Sideman
Billy Preston
Billy Preston
Dies". Billboard. Archived from the original on 21 September 2014. Retrieved 15 August 2017.  ^ "Obituary: Nicky Hopkins". The Independent. 9 September 1994. Archived from the original on 16 August 2017. Retrieved 15 August 2017.  ^ "'All you have to do is feel': saxophonist Ernie Watts
Ernie Watts
melds jazz and Indian classical music". CBC News. Archived from the original on 12 July 2017. Retrieved 15 August 2017.  ^ "What Makes the Rolling Stones the Greatest Rock & Roll Band in the World". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on 16 August 2017. Retrieved 15 August 2017.  ^ "Faces Keyboardist Ian McLagan
Ian McLagan
Dead at 69". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on 16 August 2017. Retrieved 15 August 2017.  ^ Parker, Ryan (3 December 2014). "Ian McLagan, famed keyboardist and Rolling Stones collaborator, dies". Los Angeles Times. ISSN 0458-3035. Archived from the original on 16 August 2017. Retrieved 15 August 2017.  ^ "Ex-Beach Boy Blondie Chaplin
Blondie Chaplin
Reunites With Brian Wilson After 40 Years". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on 16 August 2017. Retrieved 15 August 2017.  ^ Jasper, Tony (1984). The Rolling Stones. Treasure Press. ISBN 1-85051-011-3. 

Sources[edit]

Bockris, Victor (1992). Keith Richards: The Biography. Poseidon Press. ISBN 978-0-671-70061-4.  Booth, Stanley (2000). The True Adventures of the Rolling Stones. Chicago Review Press. ISBN 978-1-56976-579-1.  Cohen, Rich (2016). The Sun & the Moon & the Rolling Stones. Random House. ISBN 978-0-804-17923-2.  Coral, Gus; Hinckley, David; Rodman, Debra (1995). The Rolling Stones: Black & White Blues. Atlanta, Georgia: Turner Publishing Inc. ISBN 978-1-57036-150-0.  Davis, Stephen (2001). Old Gods Almost Dead: The 40-Year Odyssey of the Rolling Stones. New York, NY: Broadway Books. ISBN 0-7679-0312-9.  Egan, Sean (2013). The Mammoth Book
Book
of The Rolling Stones. London: Robinson. ISBN 978-1-78033-646-6.  Egan, Sean (2014). The Utmost Guide to The Rolling Stones. London: Askill. ISBN 978-0-954575-06-9. Gilliland, John (1969). "The British Are Coming! The British Are Coming!: The U.S.A. is invaded by a wave of long-haired English rockers." (audio). Pop Chronicles. University of North Texas Libraries.  Greenfield, Robert (1981). The Rolling Stone
Rolling Stone
Interviews: Keith Richards. New York: St. Martin's Press/ Rolling Stone
Rolling Stone
Press. ISBN 978-0-312-68954-4.  Greenspan, Edward, ed. (1980). "Regina v. Richards 49 C.C.C. (2d)". Canadian Criminal Cases. Canada Law Book.  Haslam, Dave (2015). Life After Dark: A History of British Nightclubs & Music Venues. Simon and Schuster. ISBN 978-0-857-20700-5.  Jagger, Mick; Richards, Keith; Watts, Charlie; Wood, Ronnie (2003). According to the Rolling Stones. San Francisco, California: Chronicle Books. ISBN 978-0-8118-4060-6.  Marshall, Jim (2012). The Rolling Stones
The Rolling Stones
1972. San Francisco, California: Chronicle Books. ISBN 978-1-4521-2180-2.  McLagan, Ian (2000). All the Rage: A Riotous Romp Through Rock and Roll History. New York: St. Martin's Press. ISBN 978-0-8230-7842-4.  Moon, Tom (2004). "The Rolling Stones". In Brackett, Nathan; Hoard, Christian. The New Rolling Stone
Rolling Stone
Album Guide. London: Fireside. pp. 695–699. ISBN 0-7432-0169-8.  Portions posted at " The Rolling Stones
The Rolling Stones
Album Guide". rollingstone.com. Retrieved 22 November 2014.  Nathan, David; Lindsay, Susan Gedutis (2001). Inside the Hits. Berklee Press. p. 217.  Neill, Andy (2015). Keith Richards: A Life in Pictures. Omnibus Press. ISBN 978-0-857-12873-7.  Nelson, Murray N. (2010). The Rolling Stones: A Musical Biography. Santa Barbara, California: Greenwood. ISBN 978-0-313-38034-1.  Norman, Philip (2001). The Stones. London: Sidgwick & Jackson. ISBN 0-283-07277-6.  Oldham, Andrew Loog (2000). Stoned. St. Martin's Griffin. ISBN 978-0-312-27094-0.  Patell, Cyrus R.K. (2011). Rolling Stones' Some Girls. A&C Black. p. 24.  Paytress, Mark (2003). Rolling Stones: Off the Record. London: Omnibus. ISBN 978-0-7119-8869-9.  Perone, James (2012). The Album: A Guide to Pop Music's Most Provocative, Influential, and Important Creations. ABC-CLIO. ISBN 978-0-313-37906-2. </ref> Richards, Keith (2010). Life (1st ed.). New York: Little, Brown and Company. ISBN 978-0-316-03438-8.  Sandford, Christopher (1999). Mick Jagger: Primitive Cool. New York: Cooper Square Press. ISBN 978-0-8154-1002-7.  Sandford, Christopher (2003). Keith Richards: Satisfaction. New York: Caroll & Graf. ISBN 978-0-7867-1368-4.  Schinder, Scott; Schwartz, Andy (2010). Icons of Rock: An Encyclopedia of the Legends Who Changed Music Forever. ABC-CLIO. p. 230.  Szatmary, David P. (2014). Rockin' in Time (8th ed.). Pearson.  Wells, Simon (2012). The Great Rolling Stones Drug Bust. Omnibus Press. ISBN 978-0-857-12711-2.  Wyman, Bill (1990). Bill Wyman, Stone Alone: The Story of a Rock 'n' Roll Band. New York: Viking. ISBN 978-0-670-82894-4.  Wyman, Bill (2002). Rolling with the Stones. DK Publishing. ISBN 978-0-7894-8967-8. 

Further reading[edit]

Booth, Stanley (1984). Dance with the Devil: The Rolling Stones
The Rolling Stones
& Their Times. New York: Random House. ISBN 0-394-53488-3.  Booth, Stanley (1995). Keith: Standing in the Shadows. New York: St. Martin's Press. ISBN 0-312-11841-4.  Carr, Roy (1976). The Rolling Stones: An Illustrated Record. Harmony Books. ISBN 0-517-52641-7.  Cutler, Tom (2010). A Gentleman's Bedside Book: Entertainment for the Last Fifteen Minutes of the Day. Little, Brown Book
Book
Group. ISBN 978-1-849-01803-6.  Egan, Sean (2006). The Rough Guide to the Rolling Stones. London: Penguin. ISBN 1-84353-719-2.  Flippo, Chet (1985). On the Road With the Rolling Stones. Doubleday/Dolphin. ISBN 0-385-19374-2.  Forget, Thomas (2003). The Rolling Stones. New York: Rosen Central. ISBN 0-8239-3644-9.  Greenfield, Robert (2002) [1974]. S.T.P.: A Journey Through America with the Rolling Stones. Da Capo
Capo
Press. ISBN 0-306-81199-5.  Hector, James (1995). The Complete Guide to the Music of the Rolling Stones. London: Omnibus. ISBN 0-7119-4303-6.  Hotchner, A. E. (1990). Blown Away: The Rolling Stones
The Rolling Stones
and the Death of the Sixties. New York: Simon & Schuster. ISBN 0-671-69316-6.  Jackson, Laura (1993). Golden Stone: The Untold Life and Tragic Death of Brian Jones. New York: St. Martin's Press. ISBN 0-312-09820-0.  Janovitz, Bill (2013). Rocks Off: 50 Tracks That Tell the Story of the Rolling Stones. New York: St. Martin's Press. ISBN 1-250-02631-8.  McMillian, John (2013). Beatles vs. Stones. New York: Simon & Schuster. ISBN 1-4391-5969-6.  Miller, Jim (1980). The Rolling Stone
Rolling Stone
Illustrated History of Rock & Roll: The Definitive History of the Most Important Artists and Their Music. New York: Random House. ISBN 0-679-73728-6.  Phelge, James (2000). Nankering with the Stones. ISBN 1-55652-373-4.  Sanchez, Tony (1996). Up and Down with The Rolling Stones. New York: Da Capo. ISBN 0-306-80711-4.  Spitz, Marc (2011). Jagger: Rebel, Rock Star, Rambler, Rogue. Gotham Books. ISBN 978-1-59240-655-5. 

External links[edit]

Find more aboutThe Rolling Stonesat's sister projects

Media from Wikimedia Commons Quotations from Wikiquote Data from Wikidata Discussion from Meta-Wiki

Official website The Rolling Stones
The Rolling Stones
at Encyclopædia Britannica The Rolling Stones
The Rolling Stones
at Curlie (based on DMOZ) "The Rolling Stones". Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.  The Rolling Stones
The Rolling Stones
at AllMusic The Rolling Stones discography
The Rolling Stones discography
at Discogs The Rolling Stones
The Rolling Stones
on IMDb The Rolling Stones discography
The Rolling Stones discography
at MusicBrainz

The Rolling Stones

v t e

The Rolling Stones

Mick Jagger Keith Richards Charlie Watts Ronnie Wood

Brian Jones Ian Stewart Mick Taylor Bill Wyman Tony Chapman Ricky Fenson Colin Golding Carlo Little Dick Taylor

Video releases

Let's Spend the Night Together
Let's Spend the Night Together
(1983) Stones at the Max
Stones at the Max
(1992) The Rolling Stones: Voodoo Lounge
Voodoo Lounge
Live (1995) The Rolling Stones Rock and Roll Circus
The Rolling Stones Rock and Roll Circus
(1996) Bridges to Babylon Tour '97–98 (1998) Four Flicks (2003) The Biggest Bang (2007) Ladies and Gentlemen: The Rolling Stones
The Rolling Stones
(2010) Some Girls: Live in Texas '78 (2011) Sweet Summer Sun: Live in Hyde Park (2013) The Rolling Stones: Havana
Havana
Moon (2016)

Documentaries

The Stones in the Park
The Stones in the Park
(1969) Gimme Shelter (1970) Cocksucker Blues
Blues
(1972) Video Rewind (1984) 25×5: the Continuing Adventures of the Rolling Stones (1989) Shine a Light (2008) Stones in Exile
Stones in Exile
(2010) Crossfire Hurricane
Crossfire Hurricane
(2012) Olé Olé Olé!: A Trip Across Latin America (2017)

Tours

British Tour 1963 1964 tours 1965 tours 1966 tours European Tour 1967 American Tour 1969 European Tour 1970 UK Tour 1971 American Tour 1972 Pacific Tour 1973 European Tour 1973 Tour of the Americas '75 Tour of Europe '76 US Tour 1978 American Tour 1981 European Tour 1982 Steel Wheels/Urban Jungle Tour Voodoo Lounge
Voodoo Lounge
Tour Bridges to Babylon
Bridges to Babylon
Tour No Security
No Security
Tour Licks Tour A Bigger Bang 50 & Counting 14 On Fire Zip Code Tour América Latina Olé Tour 2016 Fall 2016 US Tour No Filter Tour

Associated places

Redlands Stargroves Nellcôte The Wick Downe House The Mick Jagger
Mick Jagger
Centre

Related

Discography Songs The Rolling Stones
The Rolling Stones
concerts Jagger/Richards Nanker Phelge Rolling Stones Records Promotone The Stones in the Park Altamont Free Concert Rolling Stones Mobile Studio The Rolling Stones: An Illustrated Record The Rolling Stones
The Rolling Stones
Rock and Roll Circus Andrew Loog Oldham Allen Klein Peter Meaden John Pasche Instruments played

Book Category Portal

v t e

The Rolling Stones
The Rolling Stones
singles discography

Decca (UK) and London
London
(US) singles

"Come On" "I Wanna Be Your Man" / "Stoned" "Not Fade Away" / "Little by Little" "It's All Over Now" "Tell Me" / "I Just Want to Make Love to You" "Time Is on My Side" "Little Red Rooster" "Heart of Stone" "The Last Time" / "Play with Fire" "(I Can't Get No) Satisfaction" / "The Spider and the Fly" "Get Off of My Cloud" / "I'm Free" "As Tears Go By" "19th Nervous Breakdown" / "As Tears Go By" "Paint It Black" / "Stupid Girl" "Mother's Little Helper" / "Lady Jane" "Have You Seen Your Mother, Baby, Standing in the Shadow?" "Let's Spend the Night Together" / "Ruby Tuesday" "We Love You" / "Dandelion" "In Another Land" "She's a Rainbow" / "2000 Light Years from Home" "Jumpin' Jack Flash" "Street Fighting Man" / "No Expectations" "Honky Tonk Women" / "You Can't Always Get What You Want"

Rolling Stones/ Atlantic singles

"Brown Sugar" / "Bitch" / "Let It Rock" "Wild Horses" / "Sway" "Tumbling Dice" / "Sweet Black Angel" "Happy" / "All Down the Line" "Angie" / "Silver Train" "Doo Doo Doo Doo Doo (Heartbreaker)" / "Dancing with Mr. D" " It's Only Rock 'n Roll
It's Only Rock 'n Roll
(But I Like It)" "Ain't Too Proud to Beg" / "Dance Little Sister" "Fool to Cry" "Hot Stuff"

Rolling Stones

"Miss You" / "Far Away Eyes" "Beast of Burden" / "When the Whip Comes Down" "Respectable" / "When the Whip Comes Down" "Shattered" "Emotional Rescue" "She's So Cold" / "Send It to Me" "Start Me Up" "Waiting on a Friend" / "Little T&A" "Hang Fire" / "Neighbours" "Going to a Go-Go" (live) / "Beast of Burden" (live) "Time Is on My Side" (live) / "Twenty Flight Rock" (live) "Undercover of the Night" "She Was Hot" "Too Much Blood" "Harlem Shuffle" "One Hit (To the Body)" "Mixed Emotions" "Rock and a Hard Place" "Almost Hear You Sigh" "Highwire" / "2000 Light Years from Home" (live) "Ruby Tuesday" (live) / "Play with Fire" (live) "Jumpin' Jack Flash" (live) / "Tumbling Dice" (live)

Virgin singles

"Love Is Strong" "You Got Me Rocking" "Out of Tears" "I Go Wild" "Like a Rolling Stone" (live) / "Black Limousine" / "All Down the Line" "Wild Horses" (live) / "Live with Me" (live) / "Tumbling Dice" (live) "Anybody Seen My Baby?" "Saint of Me" / "Gimme Shelter" (live) "Out of Control" "Don't Stop" / "Miss You" (remix) "Streets of Love" / "Rough Justice" "Rain Fall Down" "Biggest Mistake" / "Before They Make Me Run" (live)

Universal singles

"Plundered My Soul" / "All Down the Line" "No Spare Parts" / "Before They Make Me Run" "Doom and Gloom" "One More Shot"

Other countries

"Let It Bleed" / "You Got the Silver" ( London
London
Japan) "Rocks Off" / "Sweet Virginia" (Japan) "Star Star" / "Doo Doo Doo Doo Doo (Heartbreaker)" (France, Germany)

v t e

The Rolling Stones
The Rolling Stones
album discography

UK & US releases 1964–1967

UK releases

The Rolling Stones
The Rolling Stones
(1964) The Rolling Stones No. 2
The Rolling Stones No. 2
(1965)

US releases

The Rolling Stones
The Rolling Stones
(England's Newest Hit Makers) (1964) 12 X 5
12 X 5
(1964) The Rolling Stones, Now!
The Rolling Stones, Now!
(1965) December's Children (And Everybody's)
December's Children (And Everybody's)
(1965)

UK & US releases

Out of Our Heads
Out of Our Heads
(1965) Aftermath (1966) Between the Buttons
Between the Buttons
(1967)

US live releases

Got Live If You Want It! (1966)

UK EPs

The Rolling Stones
The Rolling Stones
(1964) Five by Five (1964) Got Live If You Want It! (1965)

Compilations

Big Hits (High Tide and Green Grass)
Big Hits (High Tide and Green Grass)
(UK & US) (1966) Flowers (US) (1967)

International releases 1967–present

Studio albums

Their Satanic Majesties Request
Their Satanic Majesties Request
(1967) Beggars Banquet
Beggars Banquet
(1968) Let It Bleed
Let It Bleed
(1969) Sticky Fingers
Sticky Fingers
(1971) Exile on Main St.
Exile on Main St.
(1972) Goats Head Soup
Goats Head Soup
(1973) It's Only Rock 'n Roll
It's Only Rock 'n Roll
(1974) Black and Blue
Black and Blue
(1976) Some Girls
Some Girls
(1978) Emotional Rescue
Emotional Rescue
(1980) Tattoo You
Tattoo You
(1981) Undercover (1983) Dirty Work (1986) Steel Wheels
Steel Wheels
(1989) Voodoo Lounge
Voodoo Lounge
(1994) Bridges to Babylon
Bridges to Babylon
(1997) A Bigger Bang
A Bigger Bang
(2005) Blue & Lonesome (2016)

Live albums

'Get Yer Ya-Ya's Out!' (1970) Love You Live
Love You Live
(1977) Still Life (1982) Flashpoint (1991) Stripped (1995) No Security
No Security
(1998) Live Licks
Live Licks
(2004) Shine a Light (2008) Brussels Affair (Live 1973)
Brussels Affair (Live 1973)
(2011) Some Girls: Live in Texas '78 (2011) Hampton Coliseum (Live 1981) (2012) L.A. Friday
L.A. Friday
(Live 1975) (2012) Live at the Tokyo Dome
Live at the Tokyo Dome
(1990) (2012) Light the Fuse
Light the Fuse
(Live 2005) (2012) Live at Leeds (2012) Hyde Park Live
Hyde Park Live
(2013) Marquee Club
Marquee Club
(Live in 1971) (2015) Sticky Fingers
Sticky Fingers
Live (2015) Totally Stripped (2016) Havana
Havana
Moon (2016)

Compilations

Through the Past, Darkly (Big Hits Vol. 2)
Through the Past, Darkly (Big Hits Vol. 2)
(1969) Made in the Shade (1975) Time Waits for No One: Anthology 1971–1977 (1979) Sucking in the Seventies
Sucking in the Seventies
(1981) Rewind (1971–1984)
Rewind (1971–1984)
(1984) Jump Back: The Best of The Rolling Stones
The Rolling Stones
(1993) Forty Licks
Forty Licks
(2002) Rarities 1971–2003
Rarities 1971–2003
(2005) GRRR! (2012) On Air (2017)

Post-contract ABKCO
ABKCO
albums

Hot Rocks 1964–1971 (1971) More Hot Rocks (Big Hits & Fazed Cookies) (1972) Metamorphosis (1975) Singles Collection: The London
London
Years (1989) The Rolling Stones Rock and Roll Circus
The Rolling Stones Rock and Roll Circus
(1996)

Post-contract Decca albums

Stone Age (1971) Gimme Shelter (1971) Milestones (1972) Rock 'n' Rolling Stones (1972) No Stone Unturned
No Stone Unturned
(1973) Rolled Gold: The Very Best of the Rolling Stones (1975) Solid Rock (1980) Slow Rollers
Slow Rollers
(1981) Rolled Gold+: The Very Best of the Rolling Stones (2007)

Other albums

Jamming with Edward!
Jamming with Edward!
(1972) Story of The Stones
Story of The Stones
(1982) Live at the Checkerboard Lounge, Chicago 1981 (2012)

Box sets

Singles 1963–1965
Singles 1963–1965
(2004) Singles 1965–1967
Singles 1965–1967
(2004) Singles 1968–1971
Singles 1968–1971
(2005) The Rolling Stones
The Rolling Stones
Box Set (2009) Singles 1971–2006
Singles 1971–2006
(2011) The Rolling Stones
The Rolling Stones
in Mono (2016)

v t e

The Rolling Stones
The Rolling Stones
videography

Videos

T.A.M.I. Show
T.A.M.I. Show
(1964) Charlie Is My Darling (1966) Sympathy for the Devil
Sympathy for the Devil
(1968) Gimme Shelter (1970) Cocksucker Blues
Blues
(1972) Ladies and Gentlemen: The Rolling Stones
The Rolling Stones
(1974) Let's Spend the Night Together
Let's Spend the Night Together
(1982) Video Rewind (1984) 25x5: The Continuing Adventures of the Rolling Stones (1989) Stones at the Max
Stones at the Max
(1992) The Rolling Stones: Voodoo Lounge
Voodoo Lounge
Live (1995) The Rolling Stones Rock and Roll Circus
The Rolling Stones Rock and Roll Circus
(1996) Bridges to Babylon Tour '97–98 (1998) Four Flicks (2003) The Biggest Bang (2007) Shine a Light (2008) Stones in Exile
Stones in Exile
(2010) The Rolling Stones: Some Girls
Some Girls
Live In Texas '78 (2011) Muddy Waters
Muddy Waters
& The Rolling Stones
The Rolling Stones
Live At The Checkerboard Lounge, Chicago 1981 (2012) Crossfire Hurricane
Crossfire Hurricane
(2012) Sweet Summer Sun: Live in Hyde Park (2013) The Rolling Stones: Havana
Havana
Moon (2016) The Rolling Stones
The Rolling Stones
Olé Olé Olé!: A Trip Across Latin America (2016) From The Vault - Sticky Fingers: Live At The Fonda Theatre 2015 (2017)

v t e

Rock and Roll Hall of Fame
Rock and Roll Hall of Fame
Class of 1989

Performers

Dion Otis Redding The Rolling Stones
The Rolling Stones
(Mick Jagger, Brian Jones, Keith Richards, Ian Stewart, Mick Taylor, Charlie Watts, Ronnie Wood, Bill Wyman) The Temptations
The Temptations
(Dennis Edwards, Melvin Franklin, Eddie Kendricks, David Ruffin, Otis Williams, Paul Williams) Stevie Wonder

Early influences

The Ink Spots Bessie Smith The Soul Stirrers

Non-performers ( Ahmet Ertegun
Ahmet Ertegun
Award)

Phil Spector

v t e

Mick Jagger

Albums

She's the Boss Primitive Cool Wandering Spirit Goddess in the Doorway Alfie The Very Best of Mick Jagger

Songs

"Memo from Turner" "State of Shock" "Just Another Night" "Lucky in Love" "Dancing in the Street" "Let's Work" "Sweet Thing" "God Gave Me Everything" "Visions of Paradise" "Joy" "Old Habits Die Hard" "England Lost" "Gotta Get a Grip"

Featured singles

"T.H.E. (The Hardest Ever)"

See also

The Rolling Stones Jagger/Richards SuperHeavy Performance (soundtrack) Being Mick The Mick Jagger
Mick Jagger
Centre Chris Jagger "Moves like Jagger" Vinyl

Species named for Jagger

Aegrotocatellus jaggeri – trilobite Anomphalus jaggerius – snail Jaggermeryx naida – anthracotheriidae

v t e

Keith Richards

Albums

Talk
Talk
Is Cheap Live at the Hollywood Palladium, December 15, 1988 Main Offender Vintage Vinos Crosseyed Heart

Songs

"Take It So Hard" "Trouble"

Bands

The Rolling Stones The Dirty Mac The New Barbarians

Related articles

Jagger/Richards Life Anita Pallenberg Patti Hansen (wife) Theodora Richards (daughter) Alexandra Richards (daughter) Hail! Hail! Rock 'n' Roll Wingless Angels

v t e

Bill Wyman

Studio albums

Monkey Grip Green Ice Back to Basics

Songs

"In Another Land" "(Si Si) Je Suis un Rock Star"

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 156609707 LCCN: n80123108 ISNI: 0000 0001 2192 4040 GND: 2074630-1 SELIBR: 333421 SUDOC: 029185149 BNF: cb13906219j (data) BIBSYS: 11053891 MusicBrainz: b071f9fa-14b0-4217-8e97-eb41da73f598 NLA: 35460187 NDL: 00629452 NKC: ko20021

.