THE RISE AND FALL OF THE THIRD REICH: A HISTORY OF NAZI GERMANY is a
William L. Shirer chronicling the rise and fall of Nazi
Germany from the birth of
Rise and Fall is based upon captured Nazi documents, the available
diaries of propaganda minister
Joseph Goebbels , General Franz Halder
, and of the Italian Foreign Minister
Galeazzo Ciano , evidence and
testimony from the
* 1 Content and themes * 2 Development history * 3 Success and acclaim * 4 Criticism * 5 Publication and adaptation * 6 See also * 7 References * 8 External links
CONTENT AND THEMES
The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich
The editor for the book was Joseph Barnes, a foreign editor of the New York Herald Tribune , a former editor of PM , another New York newspaper, and a former speechwriter for Wendell Willkie . Barnes was an old friend of Shirer. The manuscript was very late and Simon each time Barnes would win a reprieve for Shirer. The original title of the book was Hitler's Nightmare Empire with The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich as the sub-title. The title and cover had already been sent out in catalogs when Robert Gottlieb decided that both title and cover had to go. Nina Bourne decided that they should use the sub-title as the title and art director Frank Metz designed the black jacket bearing the swastika. Initially bookstores across the country protested displaying the swastika and threatened not to stock the book. The controversy soon blew over and the cover shipped with the symbol.
SUCCESS AND ACCLAIM
In the U.S., where it was published on October 17, 1960, The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich sold more than one million hardcover copies, two-thirds via the Book of the Month Club , and more than one million paperback copies. It won the 1961 National Book Award for Nonfiction and the Carey–Thomas Award for non-fiction. In 1962, the Reader\'s Digest magazine serialization reached some 12 million additional readers. In a New York Times Book Review , Hugh Trevor-Roper praised it as "a splendid work of scholarship, objective in method, sound in judgment, inescapable in its conclusions." The book sold well in Britain, France, Italy, and in West Germany , because of its international recognition, bolstered by German editorial attacks.
Both its recognition by journalists as a great history book and its
popular success surprised Shirer as the publisher commissioned a
first printing of merely 12,500 copies. More than fifteen years after
the end of the Second World War , neither Shirer nor the publisher
anticipated much popular interest in
Whereas nearly all American journalists praised the book, scholars
were split. Some acknowledged Shirer's achievement but some condemned
it. The harshest criticism came from those who disagreed with the
Sonderweg or "Luther to Hitler" thesis. In West Germany, the Sonderweg
interpretation was almost universally rejected in favor of the view
Klaus Epstein listed what he contended were "four major failings": a crude understanding of German history ; a lack of balance, leaving important gaps; no understanding of a modern totalitarian regime; and ignorance of current scholarship of the Nazi period.
Elizabeth Wiskemann concluded in a review that the book was "not sufficiently scholarly nor sufficiently well written to satisfy more academic demands... It is too long and cumbersome... Mr Shirer, has, however compiled a manual... which will certainly prove useful."
Richard J. Evans
PUBLICATION AND ADAPTATION
A film adaptation was broadcast by the U.S. ABC television network in 1968, one hour a night over three nights.
THE RISE AND FALL OF THE THIRD REICH
DIRECTED BY Jack Kaufman
NARRATED BY Richard Basehart
THEME MUSIC COMPOSER Lalo Schifrin
PRODUCER(S) Mel Stuart (executive producer)
EDITOR(S) John Soh
RUNNING TIME 180 minutes (counting the commercials)
ORIGINAL RELEASE 1968
The book has been reprinted many times (but not updated) since it was published in 1960. Current in-print editions are:
* ISBN 0-671-72868-7 (Simon ">
* ^ "The notion that 'rectitude and authenticity integrally German attributes, in contrast to Roman or Latin influences which were degrading' held to have originated with Luther developed with German Romanticism in the 19th Century, and culminated with National Socialism ." Johnson 2001.
* ^ A B "National Book Awards – 1961".
National Book Foundation .
* ^ Evans 2004, p. xvi.
* ^ Rosenfeld 1994, p. 102.
* ^ Shirer p. 236.
* ^ Rosenfeld 1994, pp. 101–02.
* ^ Evans 2004, p. xxiv.
* ^ Shirer, p. 1080.
* ^ Rosenfeld 1994, p. 106.
* ^ Korda, Michael (1999). Another Life : A Memoir of Other People
(1st ed.). New York: Random House. ISBN 0679456597 .
* ^ A B Rosenfeld 1994, p. 101.
Cedar Rapids Gazette , 9 October 1960, p. 47.
* ^ Rosenfeld 1994, pp. 100–01.
William L. Shirer (1990). The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich
(3rd ed.). New York: Simon & Schuster. p. 1146.
* ^ Shirer, p. 1145.
* ^ Rosenfeld 1994, p. 96.
* ^ A B Epstein 1961, p. 230.
* ^ Rosenfeld 1994, pp. 95–96, 98.
* ^ Wiskemann 1961, pp. 234–35.
* Epstein, Klaus. The Review of Politics, Vol. 23, No. 2 (April
1961). "Shirer's History of Nazi Germany."
* Evans, Richard J. The Coming of the Third Reich (2004) Penguin
Press HC. ISBN 1-59420-004-1
* Johnson, Lonnie Rf. Central Europe: Enemies, Neighbors and Friends
Oxford University Press
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* Digitalized version of the 1960 edition at the University of Michigan Digital General Collection * Review of the book by Bryan Hiatt * Online WWII references Online collection of many original World War II documents, including some of Shirer's sourc