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''The Progressive'' is an American magazine and website of politics, culture and progressivism with a left-leaning perspective. Founded in 1909 by Senator Robert "Fighting Bob" La Follette and co-edited with his wife Belle Case La Follette, it was originally called ''La Follette's Weekly'' and then simply ''La Follette's''. In 1929, it was recapitalized and had its name changed to ''The Progressive.'';"Timeline", ''The Progressive'' magazine May 1, 2004.Bernard A Weisberger, ''The La Follettes of Wisconsin : Love And Politics in Progressive America'' Madison, Wis. : University of Wisconsin Press, 1994. (p. 282) For a period ''The Progressive'' was co-owned by the La Follette family and William Evjue's newspaper ''The Capital Times''. Its headquarters is in Madison, Wisconsin. The magazine is known for its strong pacifism, and advocating for the resistance to corporate power in the fight to protect democracy. It supports civil rights and civil liberties, gender equality, immigrant rights, labor rights, environmentalism, criminal justice reform, and democratic reform.Rothschild, Matthew (2009). ''Democracy in Print: The Best of The Progressive Magazine, 1909–2009''. Madison, Wisconsin: University of Wisconsin Press. . Its current editor is Bill Lueders. Previous editors included Fighting Bob La Follette, Belle Case La Follette, their son Robert Jr., William Evjue, Morris Rubin, Erwin Knoll, Matthew Rothschild, and Ruth Conniff.


History




''La Follette's Weekly''

On the first page of its first issue, La Follette wrote this introduction to the magazine:
In the course of every attempt to establish or develop free government, a struggle between Special Privilege and Equal Rights is inevitable. Our great industrial organizations rein control of politics, government, and natural resources. They manage conventions, make platforms, dictate legislation. They rule through the very men elected to represent them. The battle is just on. It is young yet. It will be the longest and hardest ever fought for Democracy. In other lands, the people have lost. Here we shall win. It is a glorious privilege to live in this time, and have a free hand in this fight for government by the people.
Some of the campaigns ''La Follette's Weekly'' waged include the fight to stay out of World War I, opposition to the Palmer Raids in the early 1920s and calling for action against unemployment during the Depression. La Follette's wife Belle edited the publication's women's section, and also wrote articles for the publication condemning racial segregation.

''The Progressive''

During the 1940s, ''The Progressive'' adopted an anti-Stalinist view of the Soviet Union. During the early 1940s the magazine argued that the United States should stay out of World War Two. Following the Attack on Pearl Harbor, ''The Progressive'' declared its support for the American war effort. However, ''The Progressive'' also condemned the dropping of the atom bomb on Hiroshima, in contrast to both ''The Nation'' and ''The New Republics support for the bombing. ''The Progressive'' reprinted an essay from ''The Christian Science Monitor'' by Richard Lee Strout arguing that by using the bombs, "The United States has incurred a terrible responsibility to history which now, unfortunately, can never be withdrawn". In 1947, ''The Progressive's'' editors announced they were suspending publication. However, after readers raised $40,000 to save the magazine, ''The Progressive'' returned as a monthly magazine issued as a non-profit venture. In the 1950s, ''The Progressive'' dedicated itself to combating McCarthyism, although the magazine agreed that the U.S. government had the right to blacklist members of the Communist Party. ''The Progressive'' issued a special issue criticizing McCarthy, ''McCarthy: A Documented Record'' in 1954; sections from the issue were read aloud in the U.S. Senate, and it became the magazine's best-selling issue. ''The Progressive'' also criticized U.S. nuclear policy and clandestine CIA activity in this period. In the 1960s, it was a platform for the American civil rights movement, publishing five different articles by Martin Luther King Jr., and publishing James Baldwin's open letter "My Dungeon Shook - Letter to my Nephew on the One Hundredth Anniversary of Emancipation", the first section of ''The Fire Next Time''. ''The Progressive'' also devoted much of its articles to denouncing U.S. involvement in Indochina. 1984 saw ''The Progressive'' publish "Behind the Death Squads" by Allan Nairn, a critique of U.S. policy in El Salvador. ''The Progressive'' opposed the Persian Gulf War, accusing the George H. W. Bush Administration of rejecting any options for peaceful negotiation of the crisis. While condemning Saddam Hussein's government for its abuse of human rights, it accused the Bush administration of hypocrisy for not taking action against other governments which also abused human rights. The magazine also argued against the second Iraq War.

''United States v. Progressive, Inc.''

In 1979, ''The Progressive'' gained national attention for its article by Howard Morland, "The H-bomb Secret: How we got it and why we're telling it", which the U.S. government suppressed for six months because it contained classified information. The magazine prevailed in a landmark First Amendment case of prior restraint, ''United States v. Progressive, Inc.''.


2011 Wisconsin protests


Located a few blocks from the Wisconsin State Capitol, ''The Progressive'' covered the protests that began in February 2011 in response to Governor Scott Walker's Wisconsin budget repair bill. ''Madison Magazine'' named ''The Progressive's'' political editor Ruth Conniff as one of its Editors' Choice in 2011 for her "frontline dispatches from inside and outside the State Capitol and the courtroom across the street".


100th anniversary


For its 100th year in print, the magazine published a book featuring "some of the best writing in ''The Progressive'' from 1909 to 2009" titled ''Democracy in Print'', published by the University of Wisconsin Press.


Circulation


Although circulation had fallen to the level of 27,000 subscribers in 1999, by April 2004, following the Iraq War, circulation reached a record 65,000. By 2010, circulation had settled near 47,000.


Notable contributors


Throughout the years, ''The Progressive'' has published articles by Jane Addams, James Baldwin, Louis Brandeis, Noam Chomsky, Clarence Darrow, John Kenneth Galbraith, Charles V. Hamilton, Nat Hentoff, Seymour Hersh, Molly Ivins, June Jordan, Helen Keller, Martin Luther King Jr., Sidney Lens,Advertisement for ''The Progressive'', ''Mother Jones'' magazine, August 1976, p.4. Jack London, Milton Mayer, A.J. Muste, George Orwell, Marcus Raskin, Bertrand Russell, Edward Said, Carl Sandburg, Upton Sinclair, Lincoln Steffens, I.F. Stone, Norman Thomas, George Wald, James Wechsler and Howard Zinn. It has also published liberal politicians such as Russ Feingold, J. William Fulbright, Dennis Kucinich, George McGovern, Bernie Sanders, Adlai Stevenson, and Paul Wellstone.

References



External links

* {{DEFAULTSORT:Progressive Category:Alternative magazines Category:Modern liberal magazines published in the United States Category:Monthly magazines published in the United States Category:Political magazines published in the United States Category:Progressivism in the United States Category:Magazines established in 1909 Category:Magazines published in Wisconsin Category:Mass media in Madison, Wisconsin