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The Petrified Forest
The Petrified Forest
is a 1936 American film directed by Archie Mayo starring Leslie Howard, Bette Davis, and Humphrey Bogart. A precursor of film noir, it was adapted from Robert E. Sherwood's stage play of the same name.[1] The screenplay was written by Delmer Daves and Charles Kenyon, and adaptations were later performed on radio and television as well.

Contents

1 Plot 2 Cast 3 History 4 Radio and television adaptations 5 Legacy 6 In popular culture 7 References 8 External links

Plot[edit]

In the midst of the Great Depression, Alan Squier (Howard), a failed British writer, now a disillusioned, penniless drifter, wanders into a roadside diner in the remote town of Black Mesa, Arizona, at the edge of the Petrified Forest. The diner is run by Jason Maple (Porter Hall), his daughter Gabrielle (Davis), and Gramp, Jason's father (Charley Grapewin), who regales anyone who will listen with stories of his adventures in the Old West with such characters as Billy the Kid. Gabrielle's mother, a French war bride who fell in love with Jason when he was a young, handsome American serviceman, left her "dull defeated man" after the war and moved back to France when Gabrielle was a baby. She now sends poetry to Gabrielle, who dreams of moving to Bourges, where her parents first met, to become an artist. Alan tells his story—how he wrote one novel, then lived in France for eight years with his publisher's wife, trying to write another—and Gabrielle is instantly smitten with him. Gabrielle shows Alan her paintings—the first time she has shown them to anyone—and reads him a favorite François Villon
François Villon
poem. Boze Hertzlinger (Dick Foran), a beefy diner employee who has wooed Gabrielle in vain, grows jealous of Alan, who decides to leave forthwith. He mooches a ride from wealthy tourists Mr. and Mrs. Chisholm (Paul Harvey and Genevieve Tobin); but after only a few minutes on the road they encounter Duke Mantee (Bogart), a notorious gangster fleeing a massive police pursuit, whose car has broken down. Duke and his gang seize the Chisholms' car and drive to the diner, where Duke has arranged to rendezvous with his girlfriend, Doris, on their way to Mexico. Alan, the Chisholms, and their chauffeur (John Alexander) soon make their way back to the diner as well. Alan, indifferent to the hostage situation, engages Duke in lively conversation and toasts him as "the last great apostle of rugged individualism." Boze snatches a rifle and gets the drop on Duke, but during a momentary distraction Duke draws his pistol and shoots Boze in the hand, regaining control. Duke learns that Doris has been captured, and has revealed their rendezvous location to the police. As police and federal agents converge on the diner, Duke prepares to flee, announcing that he will take Mr. and Mrs. Chisholm with him. Inspired by Boze's act of courage, Alan has an inspiration: While Gabrielle is in the back room bandaging Boze's hand, he produces a life insurance policy from his bag and amends it, making Gabrielle the beneficiary. Then he asks Duke to kill him ("It couldn't make any difference to you, Duke ... they can hang you only once ..."), so that Gabrielle can use the insurance money to realize her dream of moving to France. Duke obliges, then leaves with his human shields. Alan dies in Gabrielle's arms, secure in the knowledge that she, unlike the rest, will escape her dead-end existence to pursue her dreams. Cast[edit]

Leslie Howard as Alan Squier Bette Davis
Bette Davis
as Gabrielle Maple Humphrey Bogart
Humphrey Bogart
as Duke Mantee Genevieve Tobin
Genevieve Tobin
as Mrs. Chisholm Dick Foran
Dick Foran
as Boze Hertzlinger Joseph Sawyer as Jackie Porter Hall
Porter Hall
as Jason Maple Charley Grapewin as Gramp Maple Paul Harvey as Mr. Chisholm Adrian Morris as Ruby Slim Thompson as Slim Eddie Acuff as First Lineman Francis J. Scheid as Second Lineman John Alexander as Joseph, the chauffeur Nina Campana as Paula, the cook Gus Leonard as Jim, the Mailman (uncredited) Addison Richards
Addison Richards
as the Radio Announcer (voice, uncredited)

History[edit]

The 1935 Broadway production of The Petrified Forest
The Petrified Forest
starred Howard, an established star, and Bogart, a journeyman movie actor in his first leading theatrical role. Sherwood based the Duke Mantee character on John Dillinger, the notorious criminal who in 1933 was named the FBI's first "Public Enemy #1" by J. Edgar Hoover, and in 1934 was ambushed and gunned down in spectacular fashion by FBI agents. Bogart, who won the stage role in part because of his physical resemblance to Dillinger, studied film footage of the gangster and mimicked some of his mannerisms in his portrayal.[2] For the film, Warner Brothers
Warner Brothers
intended to cast the more bankable Edward G. Robinson
Edward G. Robinson
as Duke; but Howard, whose contract gave him final script control, informed the studio that he would not appear in the movie version without Bogart as his co-star.[3] The film made Bogart a star, and he remained grateful to Howard for the rest of his life. In 1952, Bogart and Lauren Bacall
Lauren Bacall
named their daughter Leslie Howard Bogart in honor of Howard, who had been killed in a plane crash under controversial circumstances during World War II.[2] In 1948, Robinson portrayed a character very similar to Duke—a famous gangster holding a disparate group of people hostage in a Florida hotel—in Key Largo. That film's hero was played by Bogart. In his penultimate film, The Desperate Hours (1955), Bogart played another gangster holding a suburban family hostage. He described that character as "Duke Mantee grown up."[2] Radio and television adaptations[edit] The Petrified Forest
The Petrified Forest
was performed on CBS's Lux Radio Theater
Lux Radio Theater
in 1937, with Herbert Marshall, Margaret Sullavan, and Donald Meek
Donald Meek
in the principal roles;[4] and again on the same program in 1945, with Ronald Coleman, Susan Hayward, and Lawrence Tierney.[5][6] Another radio adaptation starring Joan Bennett, Tyrone Power, and Bogart aired on The Screen Guild Theater
The Screen Guild Theater
on January 7, 1940.

Lauren Bacall, Humphrey Bogart, and Henry Fonda
Henry Fonda
in the 1955 live televised version

In 1955, a live television version was performed as an installment of Producers' Showcase, a weekly dramatic anthology, featuring Bogart (now top-billed) as Mantee, Henry Fonda
Henry Fonda
as Alan, and Lauren Bacall
Lauren Bacall
as Gabrielle. Jack Klugman, Richard Jaeckel, and Jack Warden
Jack Warden
played supporting roles. In the late 1990s Bacall donated the only known kinescope of the 1955 performance to the Museum Of Television & Radio (now the Paley Center for Media), where it remains archived for viewing in New York City and Los Angeles. It is now in the public domain and on YouTube. Legacy[edit]

After the film's release, Friz Freleng
Friz Freleng
made the short-length Merrie Melodies cartoon parody, She Was an Acrobat's Daughter (1937) that portrays a cinema audience watching The Petrified Florist, starring Bette Savis and Lester Coward.[7] In 1972, a take-off of the film entitled "The Putrified Forest" was seen as a sketch on The Carol Burnett Show, featuring Steve Lawrence and Paul Sand.[8]

The film is recognized by American Film Institute
American Film Institute
in these lists:

2003: AFI's 100 Years...100 Heroes & Villains:

Duke Mantee – Nominated Villain[9]

In popular culture[edit] April Wheeler stars as Gabrielle in a production of The Petrified Forest in the first chapter of Richard Yates's 1961 novel Revolutionary Road. The film is summarised by Private Pike in the Dad's Army
Dad's Army
episode The Deadly Attachment. References[edit]

^ The Petrified Forest
The Petrified Forest
page, Internet Broadway Database, undated. Retrieved May 21, 2009. ^ a b c Shickel, Richard. Bogie: A Celebration of the Life and Films of Humphrey Bogart. Thomas Dunne, 2006. ISBN 0-312-36629-9. ^ Sklar, Robert (1992). City Boys: Cagney, Bogart, Garfield. Princeton University Press, pp. 60–62. ISBN 0-691-04795-2. ^ "Cecil B. Demille @ Classic Move Favorites – Lux Radio Theater episode list". Retrieved 2009-02-20. "THE PETRIFIED FOREST" 11-22-37 :59:50 Herbert Marshall, Margaret Sullivan, Donald Meek  ^ "February 2009". WAMU. Retrieved 2009-02-20. Lux Radio Theater 04/23/45 The Petrified Forest
The Petrified Forest
w/Ronald Coleman & Susan Hayward (Lux)(CBS)(54:33)  ^ Haendiges, Jerry. " Lux Radio Theater
Lux Radio Theater
.. episodic log". The Vintage Radio Place. Archived from the original on December 5, 2016. Retrieved February 20, 2009. THE PETRIFIED FOREST 151 11-22-37  :59:50 Herbert Marshall, Margaret Sullivan, Eduardo Gienille, Donald Meek  ^ "She Was an Acrobat's Daughter." bcdb.com. Retrieved December 21, 2010. ^ [1] Retrieved March 20, 2014. ^ "AFI's 100 Years...100 Heroes & Villains Nominees" (PDF). Retrieved 2016-08-06. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to The Petrified Forest
The Petrified Forest
(film).

The Petrified Forest
The Petrified Forest
on IMDb The Petrified Forest
The Petrified Forest
at AllMovie The Petrified Forest
The Petrified Forest
at the TCM Movie Database The Petrified Forest
The Petrified Forest
at Rotten Tomatoes Producers' Showcase: "The Petrified Forest" on IMDb Producers' Showcase: "The Petrified Forest" at the Paley Center for Media Producers' Showcase: "The Petrified Forest" at the Internet Archive The Petrified Forest
The Petrified Forest
at Virtual History

Streaming audio

The Petrified Forest
The Petrified Forest
on Lux Radio Theater: November 22, 1937 The Petrified Forest
The Petrified Forest
on Screen Guild Theater: January 7, 1940 The Petrified Forest
The Petrified Forest
on Lux Radio Theater: April 23, 1945 The Petrified Forest
The Petrified Forest
at Best Plays September 20, 1953

v t e

Films directed by Archie Mayo

Money Talks (1926) Christine of the Big Tops (1926) Johnny Get Your Hair Cut
Johnny Get Your Hair Cut
(1927) Dearie (1927) The College Widow (1927) State Street Sadie
State Street Sadie
(1928) Beware of Married Men (1928) The Crimson City
The Crimson City
(1928) On Trial (1928) My Man (1928) Sonny Boy (1929) Is Everybody Happy? (1929) The Sacred Flame (1929) Wide Open (1930) Courage (1930) Oh Sailor Behave
Oh Sailor Behave
(1930) The Doorway to Hell
The Doorway to Hell
(1930) Illicit (1931) Svengali (1931) Bought!
Bought!
(1931) Under Eighteen
Under Eighteen
(1931) The Expert (1932) Night After Night (1932) Two Against the World (1932) The Life of Jimmy Dolan
The Life of Jimmy Dolan
(1933) The Mayor of Hell
The Mayor of Hell
(1933) Ever in My Heart
Ever in My Heart
(1933) Convention City
Convention City
(1933) Gambling Lady
Gambling Lady
(1934) The Man with Two Faces (1934) Desirable (1934) Give Me Your Heart (1934) Bordertown (1935) Go Into Your Dance
Go Into Your Dance
(1935) The Case of the Lucky Legs
The Case of the Lucky Legs
(1935) The Petrified Forest
The Petrified Forest
(1936) I Married a Doctor (1936) Black Legion (1937) It's Love I'm After
It's Love I'm After
(1937) The Adventures of Marco Polo
The Adventures of Marco Polo
(1938) Youth Takes a Fling
Youth Takes a Fling
(1938) They Shall Have Music
They Shall Have Music
(1939) The House Across the Bay
The House Across the Bay
(1940) Four Sons (1940) The Great American Broadcast
The Great American Broadcast
(1941) Charley's Aunt (1941) Confirm or Deny
Confirm or Deny
(1941) Moontide
Moontide
(1942) Orchestra Wives
Orchestra Wives
(1942) Crash Dive (1943) Sweet and Low-Down (1944) A Night in Casablanca (1946) Angel on My Shoulder (1946)

v t e

Robert E. Sherwood

Plays

The Road to Rome (1927) Waterloo Bridge (1930) Reunion in Vienna (1931) Acropolis (1933) The Petrified Forest
The Petrified Forest
(1935) Idiot's Delight (1936) Abe Lincoln in Illinois (1938) There Shall Be No Night (1940) The Rugged Path (1945) Miss Liberty
Miss Liberty
(1949)

Adaptations

The Royal Bed
The Royal Bed
(1931) Tovarich (1937) Idiot's Delight (1939) Abe Lincoln in Illinois (1940)

TV Plays

The Backbone of Am

.