The New Hampshire Gazette
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''The New Hampshire Gazette'' is a non-profit,
alternative ''AlterNative: An International Journal of Indigenous Peoples'' (formerly ''AlterNative: An International Journal of Indigenous Scholarship'') is a quarterly peer-reviewed Peer review is the evaluation of work by one or more people with simi ...
, bi-weekly newspaper published in
Portsmouth Portsmouth ( ) is a and island with status in the of , southern . It is the most densely populated city in the , with a population last recorded at 238,800. The city forms part of the , which also incorporates , , , , , and . Located mainly ...

Portsmouth
,
New Hampshire New Hampshire ( ) is a state State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literature * ''State Magazine'', a monthly magazine published by the U.S. Department of State * The State (newspaper), ''The State'' (newspaper), a daily newspap ...

New Hampshire
. Its editors claim that the paper, which all but disappeared into other publications until the late 1900s, is the oldest newspaper in the
United States The United States of America (U.S.A. or USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US) or America, is a country in . It consists of 50 , a , five major , 326 , and some . At , it is the world's . The United States shares significan ...

United States
. The paper trademarked the phrase "The Nation's Oldest Newspaper" after being revived as a small biweekly in 1989. This assertion is highly contested and the ''
Hartford Courant The ''Hartford Courant'' is the largest daily newspaper A newspaper is a Periodical literature, periodical publication containing written News, information about current events and is often typed in black ink with a white or gray background. ...

Hartford Courant
'' is generally understood to be the nation's oldest newspaper by scholarly articles, standard journalism, and historical texts.


History

''The New Hampshire Gazette'' was founded in Portsmouth on October 7, 1756, by printer Daniel Fowlebr>as the
first newspaper in the
Province of New Hampshire The Province of New Hampshire was a colony of England and later a British province in North America. The name was first given in 1629 to the territory between the Merrimack and Piscataqua rivers on the eastern coast of North America N ...
. Fowle lived in Boston before founding the ''Gazette,'' and was the first to print the words of
Samuel Adams Samuel Adams ( – October 2, 1803) was an American statesman, Political philosophy, political philosopher, and one of the Founding Fathers of the United States. He was a politician in Province of Massachusetts Bay, colonial Massachusetts, a l ...

Samuel Adams
. He also spent time in prison for printing anti-British pamphlets "The Monster of Monsters" and "A Total Eclipse of Liberty." Before the Stamp Act of 1765 was to take effect on November 1 of that year ''The New Hampshire Gazette'' featured an edition with black borders about its edges and columns, protesting the tax it was about to place on paper and advertising. Other newspapers, like the ''
Pennsylvania Journal ''The Pennsylvania Journal'' was an American weekly newspaper published by William Bradford (American Revolutionary printer), William Bradford during the 18th century. The first edition of ''The Pennsylvania Journal'' appeared in December 1742. A ...
'', also featured editions with black borders in response to the coming Stamp Act. The November 1 edition of the ''Gazette'' also included a lengthy article strongly deriding the act.#lee1923, Lee, 1923, pp. 55-56 The ''Gazette'' continued publishing after Fowle's death in 1787, and in 1839, was recognized as the oldest newspaper in America after the ''Maryland Gazette'' ceased publication. Starting in the 1890s, the Gazette was published by ''The Portsmouth Herald'' on weekends as a supplement to the ''Herald''. In 1960, the ''Gazette'' was renamed the ''Herald Weekend Edition'', although the Masthead (American publishing), masthead indicated that the paper was "Continuing the New Hampshire Gazette." During the American Revolution it published a eulogy, dated Epsom, New Hampshire, Epsom, July 1775, to Andrew McClary, who died during the Battle of Bunker Hill. It read: "The Major discovered great intrepidity and presence of mind in the action, and his noble soul glowed with ardor and the love of his country . . ." In 1989, a descendant of Daniel Fowle's, Steven Fowle, discovered that the ''Herald'' relinquished the trade name for the ''Gazette''. Fowle registered the rights to the name and that spring began publishing the ''Gazette'' as an independent entity "episodically, in a very small format" until May 1, 1999, when the publishers began its current format and schedule.


Claims of seniority

The ''
Hartford Courant The ''Hartford Courant'' is the largest daily newspaper A newspaper is a Periodical literature, periodical publication containing written News, information about current events and is often typed in black ink with a white or gray background. ...

Hartford Courant
'', founded as a weekly in 1764, calls itself the nation's oldest continuously published newspaper, and is cited as such in scholarly articles, standard journalism, and historical texts. It was an independent company until it was absorbed by Times Mirror, the parent company of the Los Angeles Times, in 1979. Tribune Corporation acquired Times Mirror, and by extension the Hartford Courant, in 2000. In contrast, the ''New Hampshire Gazette'' has changed owners "over two-dozen times", by its owner's count, and has often merged with other publications. The ''Newport Mercury'' in Rhode Island was identified as the nation's oldest newspaper during one of the ''New Hampshire Gazette''s lulls. It was founded in 1758. The '' Newport Mercury'' ceased publication during the American Revolutionary War which The Hartford Courant cites as definitive proof that only itself, and not Mercury, can qualify as the longest "continuously published" newspaper in the United States.(8 August 2013)
Which N.E. paper is oldest is consequence of definition
''New England Newspaper and Press Association e-Bulletin''
The ''Mercury'' eventually was published by ''The Newport Daily News'' as a weekly by-mail edition, reprinting stories from the daily for out-of-town subscribers. Most recently, it became a tabloid magazine and web site using the addess newportmercury.com but also using the name ''Mercury Magazine''.


Content and format

The ''Gazette'', as an alternative paper, is more focused on commentary than the reporting of current events. Its editorial content can easily be described as "liberal". In recent years the paper has cemented its self-imposed mission as an independent voice railing against corporate media and conservative political control. Published every two weeks as a smaller format broadsheet, usually of 14–20 pages, the ''Gazette's'' front page is usually an editorial called "The Fortnightly Rant", covering a few subjects of national or regional importance, accompanied by a political cartoon by Mike Dater reflecting the editorial. The motto of the newspaper is the motto of the state of
New Hampshire New Hampshire ( ) is a state State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literature * ''State Magazine'', a monthly magazine published by the U.S. Department of State * The State (newspaper), ''The State'' (newspaper), a daily newspap ...

New Hampshire
, ''Live free or die''. Among articles of varying size and content are regular columns such as "Moving Pictures" (film commentary) by Rodman Philbrick and most notedly a regular essay, "History Matters," covering two pages or more by Portsmouth historian J. Dennis Robinson. Other regular features include "Hate Mail, Mash Notes, & Other Correspondence" (the letters page), the "Northcountry Chronicle", an editorial by William Marvel, "Free the Media Press" (stories culled from the New Hampshire Indymedia Collective), and a reprinting of "Vintage News" from past issues of the ''Gazette'' usually dating to the mid-19th century. ("Better old news, than new lies.") The most popular section of the newspaper is "Admiral Fowle's Piscataqua River Tides, Tidal Guide" on the last page which, in addition to a chronology of the tides to take place over each day of the upcoming two weeks, contains an idiosyncratic, and often hilarious listing of significant events from that day in history.


Circulation

The paper's Newspaper circulation, circulation is about 5,500, with nearly 1,000 mail subscribers throughout the country.


Website

For many years, the website for the ''Gazette'' had many resources in relation to its history, including a 19th-century reproduction of its first issue, a timeline and explanation of its position as oldest newspaper, and much more. Beginning the summer of 2007, the website changed focus and format to that of a blog-type website. Content from each issue of the paper is minimal in comparison with how most newspapers publish articles online as well as in print, though the ''Gazette'' occasionally does offer a Portable Document Format, .pdf of an issue, usually a couple of weeks after its publication.


See also

* Early American publishers and printers


References


Sources

* * *


Further reading


A 1998 interview with Steven Fowle

University of New Hampshire history of early New Hampshire media beginning featuring the ''Gazette''


External links

* {{DEFAULTSORT:New Hampshire Gazette, The Biweekly newspapers published in the United States Newspapers published in New Hampshire Publications established in 1756 Independent newspapers published in the United States Portsmouth, New Hampshire Newspapers of colonial America