The Info List - The Nation

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The Nation
The Nation
is the oldest continuously published weekly magazine in the United States, and the most widely read weekly journal of progressive political and cultural news, opinion, and analysis. It was founded on July 6, 1865, as a successor to William Lloyd Garrison's The Liberator,[2] with the stated mission to make an earnest effort to bring to the discussion of political and social questions a really critical spirit, and to wage war upon the vices of violence, exaggeration, and misrepresentation by which so much of the political writing of the day is marred.[3] It is published by The Nation Company, L.P., at 33 Irving Place, New York City.[4] and associated with The Nation
The Nation
Institute. The Nation
The Nation
has news bureaus in Washington, D.C., London, and South Africa, with departments covering architecture, art, corporations, defense, environment, films, legal affairs, music, peace and disarmament, poetry, and the United Nations. Circulation peaked at 187,000 in 2006 but by 2010 had dropped to 145,000 in print, although digital subscriptions had risen to over 15,000.[5]


1 History 2 Finances 3 Advertising policy 4 Editors 5 Regular columns 6 See also 7 References 8 Further reading 9 External links

History[edit] The Nation
The Nation
was established in July 1865 on "Newspaper Row", at 130 Nassau Street in Manhattan. Its founding publisher was Joseph H. Richards, and the editor was Edwin Lawrence Godkin, an immigrant from Ireland
who had formerly worked as a correspondent of the London Daily News and The New York Times.[6][7] Godkin, a classical liberal, sought to establish what one sympathetic commentator later characterized as "an organ of opinion characterized in its utterance by breadth and deliberation, an organ which should identify itself with causes, and which should give its support to parties primarily as representative of these causes."[8] In the first year of publication, one of the magazine's regular features was The South As It Is, dispatches from a tour of the war-torn region by John Richard Dennett, a recent Harvard graduate and a veteran of the Port Royal Experiment. Dennett interviewed Confederate veterans, freed slaves, agents of the Freedmen's Bureau, and ordinary people he met by the side of the road. The articles, since collected as a book, have been praised by The New York Times
The New York Times
as "examples of masterly journalism." Among the causes supported by the publication in its earliest days was civil service reform—moving the basis of government employment from a political patronage system to a professional bureaucracy based upon meritocracy.[8] The Nation
The Nation
also was preoccupied with the reestablishment of a sound national currency in the years after the American Civil War, arguing that a stable currency was necessary to restore the economic stability of the nation.[9] Closely related to this was the publication's advocacy of the elimination of protective tariffs in favor of lower prices of consumer goods associated with a free trade system.[10]

The Evening Post and The Nation, 210 Broadway, Manhattan, New York

Wendell Phillips Garrison, son of William Lloyd Garrison, was Literary Editor from 1865 to 1906. The magazine would stay at Newspaper Row for 90 years. In 1881, newspaperman-turned-railroad-baron Henry Villard
Henry Villard
acquired The Nation and converted it into a weekly literary supplement for his daily newspaper the New York Evening Post. The offices of the magazine were moved to the Evening Post's headquarters at 210 Broadway. The New York Evening Post would later morph into a tabloid, the New York Post, a left-leaning afternoon tabloid, under owner Dorothy Schiff
Dorothy Schiff
from 1939 to 1976. Since then, it has been a conservative tabloid owned by Rupert Murdoch, while The Nation
The Nation
became known for its markedly leftist politics.[citation needed] In 1900, Henry Villard's son, Oswald Garrison Villard, inherited the magazine and the Evening Post, and sold off the latter in 1918. Thereafter, he remade The Nation
The Nation
into a current affairs publication and gave it an anti-classical liberal orientation. Oswald Villard welcomed the New Deal
New Deal
and supported the nationalization of industries – thus reversing the meaning of "liberalism" as the founders of The Nation
The Nation
would have understood the term, from a belief in a smaller and more restricted government to a belief in a larger and less restricted government.[citation needed] Villard's takeover prompted the FBI to monitor the magazine for roughly 50 years. The FBI had a file on Villard from 1915. Villard sold the magazine in 1935. Maurice Wertheim, the new owner, sold it in 1937 to Freda Kirchwey, who served as editor from 1933 to 1955. The magazine became a nonprofit in 1943. Almost every editor of The Nation
The Nation
from Villard's time to the 1970s was looked at for "subversive" activities and ties.[11] When Albert Jay Nock, not long afterward, published a column criticizing Samuel Gompers and trade unions for being complicit in the war machine of the First World War, The Nation
The Nation
was briefly suspended from the U.S. mail.[12] During the 1930s, The Nation
The Nation
showed enthusiastic support for Franklin D. Roosevelt and the New Deal.[7] The magazine's financial problems in early 1940s prompted Kirchwey to sell her individual ownership of the magazine in 1943, creating a nonprofit organization, Nation Associates, formed out of the money generated from a recruiting drive of sponsors. This organization was also responsible for academic responsibilities, including conducting research and organizing conferences, that had been a part of the early history of the magazine. Nation Associates became responsible for the operation and publication of the magazine on a nonprofit basis, with Kirchwey as both president of Nation Associates and editor of The Nation magazine.[13] Before the attack on Pearl Harbor, The Nation
The Nation
repeatedly called on the United States
United States
to enter World War II to resist fascism, and after the US entered the war, the publication supported the American war effort.[14] It also supported the use of the atomic bomb on Hiroshima.[14] During the late 1940s and again in the early 1950s, a merger was discussed by The Nation's Freda Kirchwey
Freda Kirchwey
(later Carey McWilliams) and The New Republic's Michael Straight. The two magazines were very similar at that time—both were left of center, The Nation
The Nation
further left than TNR; both had circulations around 100,000, although TNR's was slightly higher; and both lost money—and it was thought that the two magazines could unite and make the most powerful journal of opinion. The new publication would have been called The Nation
The Nation
and New Republic. Kirchwey was the most hesitant, and both attempts to merge failed. The two magazines would later take very different paths; The Nation achieved a higher circulation, and The New Republic
The New Republic
moved more to the right.[15] In the 1950s, The Nation
The Nation
was attacked as "pro-communist" because of its advocacy of friendship with the Soviet Union,[16] and its criticism of McCarthyism.[7] One of the magazine's writers, Louis Fischer, resigned from the magazine afterwards, claiming The Nation's foreign coverage was too pro-Soviet.[16] Despite this, Diana Trilling pointed out that Kirchwey did allow anti-Soviet writers, such as herself, to contribute material critical of Russia to the magazine's arts section.[17] During the McCarthyism
(the Second Red Scare), The Nation
The Nation
was banned from several school libraries in New York City
New York City
and Newark,[18] and an Bartlesville, Oklahoma
Bartlesville, Oklahoma
librarian, Ruth Brown, was fired from her job in 1950, after a citizens committee complained she had given shelf space to The Nation.[18] During the 1950s, Paul Blanshard, a former Associate Editor, served as The Nation's special correspondent in Uzbekistan. His most famous writing was a series of articles attacking the Roman Catholic Church in America as a dangerous, powerful, and undemocratic institution. In June 1979, The Nation's publisher Hamilton Fish and then-editor Victor Navasky moved the weekly to 72 Fifth Avenue, in Manhattan. In June 1998, the periodical had to move to make way for condominium development. The offices of The Nation
The Nation
are now at 33 Irving Place, in Manhattan's Gramercy neighborhood. In 1977, Hamilton Fish V bought the magazine and. In 1985, he sold it to Arthur L. Carter, who had made a fortune as a founding partner of Carter, Berlind, Potoma & Weill. In 1991, The Nation
The Nation
sued the Department of Defense for restricting free speech by limiting Gulf War
Gulf War
coverage to press pools. However, the issue was found moot in Nation Magazine v. United States
United States
Department of Defense, because the war ended before the case was heard. In 1995, Victor Navasky bought the magazine and, in 1996, became publisher. In 1995, Katrina vanden Heuvel
Katrina vanden Heuvel
succeeded Navasky as editor of The Nation,[19] and in 2005, as publisher. In 2015, The Nation
The Nation
celebrated its 150th anniversary with a documentary film by Academy Award-winning director Barbara Kopple; a 268-page special issue[20] featuring pieces of art and writing from the archives, and new essays by frequent contributors like Eric Foner, Noam Chomsky, E. L. Doctorow, Toni Morrison, Rebecca Solnit, and Vivian Gornick; a book-length history of the magazine by D. D. Guttenplan (which the Times Literary Supplement called "an affectionate and celebratory affair"); events across the country; and a relaunched website. In a tribute to The Nation, published in the anniversary issue, President Barack Obama
Barack Obama

In an era of instant, 140-character news cycles and reflexive toeing of the party line, it's incredible to think of the 150-year history of The Nation. It's more than a magazine — it's a crucible of ideas forged in the time of Emancipation, tempered through depression and war and the civil-rights movement, and honed as sharp and relevant as ever in an age of breathtaking technological and economic change. Through it all, The Nation
The Nation
has exhibited that great American tradition of expanding our moral imaginations, stoking vigorous dissent, and simply taking the time to think through our country's challenges anew. If I agreed with everything written in any given issue of the magazine, it would only mean that you are not doing your jobs. But whether it is your commitment to a fair shot for working Americans, or equality for all Americans, it is heartening to know that an American institution dedicated to provocative, reasoned debate and reflection in pursuit of those ideals can continue to thrive.

On January 14, 2016, The Nation
The Nation
endorsed Vermont
Senator Bernie Sanders for President. In their reasoning, the editors of The Nation professed that " Bernie Sanders
Bernie Sanders
and his supporters are bending the arc of history toward justice. Theirs is an insurgency, a possibility, and a dream that we proudly endorse."[21] Finances[edit] Print ad pages declined by 5% from 2009 to 2010, while digital advertising rose 32.8% from 2009 to 2010.[22] Advertising accounts for 10% of total revenue for the magazine, while circulation totals 60%.[5] The Nation
The Nation
has lost money in all but three or four years of operation and is sustained in part by a group of more than 30,000 donors called Nation Associates, who donate funds to the periodical above and beyond their annual subscription fees. This program accounts for 30% of the total revenue for the magazine. An annual cruise also generates $200,000 for the magazine.[5] Since late 2012, the Nation Associates program has been called Nation Builders.[23] Advertising policy[edit] In 2004 the Anti-Defamation League
Anti-Defamation League
criticized the journal for allowing advertisements from the Institute for Historical Review, which promotes Holocaust denial; The Nation
The Nation
vowed to not let it happen again.[24] The appearance in The Nation
The Nation
of advertisements from the organization Facts and Logic About the Middle East (FLAME) was criticized by the American-Arab Anti-Discrimination Committee. In response, The Nation stated: "From our point of view, [the ad] purveys one of the most destructive myths of Israel's right wing, namely, that Palestinians have no legitimate national rights.... We run it because The Nation's ad policy starts with the presumption that "we will accept advertising even if the views expressed are repugnant to those of the editors" .... Ads that present a political point of view are considered to fall under our editorial commitment to freedom of speech and, perforce, we grant them the same latitude we claim for our own views. But we do reserve the right to denounce the content of such ads".[25] Editors[edit] The publisher and editor is Katrina vanden Heuvel. Former editors include Victor Saul Navasky, Carey McWilliams, and Freda Kirchwey. Regular columns[edit] The magazine runs a number of regular columns.

"Beneath the Radar" by Gary Younge "Deadline Poet" by Calvin Trillin "Diary of a Mad Law
Professor" by Patricia J. Williams "The Liberal Media" by Eric Alterman "Subject to Debate" by Katha Pollitt "Between the Lines" by Laila Lalami " The Nation
The Nation
cryptic crossword" by Joshua Kosman and Henri Picciotto (by Frank W. Lewis from 1947 to 2009)

Regular columns in the past have included:

"Look Out" by Naomi Klein "Sister Citizen" by Melissa Harris-Perry[26] "Beat the Devil" (1984–2012) by Alexander Cockburn "Dispatches" (1984–87) by Max Holland and Kai Bird[27] "Minority Report" (1982–2002) by Christopher Hitchens

See also[edit]

New York City
New York City
portal Journalism portal

Harper & Row v. Nation Enterprises Nation Magazine v. United States
United States
Department of Defense The American Prospect The Atlantic Commentary Dissent Jacobin Mother Jones The New Republic Reason Washington Monthly


^ "eCirc for Consumer Magazines". Audit Bureau of Circulations. December 31, 2015. Retrieved June 1, 2016.  ^ The Anti-Slavery Reporter, August 1, 1865, p. 187. ^ The Nation
The Nation
(March 23, 2015). "Founding Prospectus". The Nation.  ^ "About and Contact". The Nation. Retrieved 6 September 2011.  Mailing Address: 33 Irving Place, New York, New York 10003 ^ a b c Peters, Jeremy W. Peters (November 8, 2010). "Bad News for Liberals May be Good News for a Liberal Magazine". The New York Times.  ^ Moore, John Bassett (April 27, 1917). "Proceedings at the Semi-Centennial Dinner: The Biltmore, April 19, 1917". The Nation. 104 (2704). section 2, pp. 502–503.  ^ a b c Aucoin, James (2008). "The Nation". In Vaughn, Stephen L. Encyclopedia of American Journalism. New York: Routledge. pp. 317–8. ISBN 978-0-415-96950-5.  ^ a b Moore, "Proceedings at the Semi-Centennial Dinner," p. 503. ^ Moore, "Proceedings at the Semi-Centennial Dinner," pp. 503–504. ^ Moore, "Proceedings at the Semi-Centennial Dinner," p. 504. ^ Kimball, Penn (22 March 1986). "The History of The Nation
The Nation
According to the FBI". The Nation: 399–426. ISSN 0027-8378.  ^ Wreszin, Michael (1969). " Albert Jay Nock
Albert Jay Nock
and the Anarchist Elitist Tradition in America". American Quarterly. The Johns Hopkins University Press. 21 (2): 173. doi:10.2307/2711573. JSTOR 2711573. It was probably the only time any publication was suppressed in America for attacking a labor leader, but the suspension seemed to document Nock's charges.  ^ Alpern, Sara (1987). Freda Kirchwey: A Woman of the Nation. President and Fellows of Harvard College. pp. 156–161. ISBN 0-674-31828-5.  ^ a b Boller, Paul F. (c. 1992). "Hiroshima and the American Left". Memoirs of An Obscure Professor and Other Essays. Fort Worth: Texas Christian University Press. ISBN 0-87565-097-X.  ^ Navasky, Victor S. (January 1, 1990). "The Merger that Wasn't". The Nation. ISSN 0027-8378.  ^ a b Alpern, Sara (1987). Freda Kirchwey, a Woman of the Nation. Boston: Harvard University Press. pp. 162–5. ISBN 0-674-31828-5.  ^ Seaton, James (1996). Cultural Conservatism, Political Liberalism: From Criticism to Cultural Studies. University of Michigan Press. p. 71. ISBN 0-472-10645-7.  ^ a b Caute, David (1978). The Great Fear: the Anti-Communist purge under Truman and Eisenhower. London: Secker and Warburg. p. 454. ISBN 0-436-09511-4.  ^ "The Nation". Encyclopædia Britannica.  ^ "150th Anniversary Special
Issue". The Nation.  ^ " Bernie Sanders
Bernie Sanders
for President". The Nation. ISSN 0027-8378. Retrieved 2016-01-14.  ^ Steve Cohn. "min Correction: The Nation
The Nation
Only Down Slightly in Print Ad Sales, Up in Web". MinOnline. Retrieved 2011-12-03.  ^ Katrina vanden Heuvel
Katrina vanden Heuvel
(December 28, 2012). "Introducing The Nation Builders". The Nation.  ^ Foxman, Abraham H., ADL Letter to The Nation, April 21, 2004. ^ American-Arab Anti-Discrimination Committee website. Retrieved October 14, 2012. ^ Melissa Harris-Perry. "Sister Citizen". The Nation. Retrieved 2011-12-03.  ^ Hiar, Corbin (April 24, 2009). "Kai Bird: The Nation's Foreign Editor". Hiar learning. Wordpress. Retrieved April 24, 2010. 

Further reading[edit]

Pollak, Gustav (1915). Fifty years of American idealism: The New York Nation, 1865-1915.  Brief history plus numerous essays.

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to The Nation
The Nation

Official website

Archive Masthead Associates

UNZ archive of The Nation
The Nation
at www.unz.org Error: unknown archive URL (archived Jan 7, 1886). Additional archives: through Jan 24, 2011: 119 years, 5,668 issues, 110,129 articles, 163,670 pages.

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