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The March of Time
The March of Time
is an American short film series sponsored by Time Inc. and shown in movie theaters from 1935 to 1951. It was based on a radio news series broadcast from 1931 to 1945. The "voice" of both series was Westbrook Van Voorhis. Produced and written by Louis de Rochemont and his brother Richard de Rochemont, The March of Time
The March of Time
was recognized with an Academy Honorary Award in 1937. The March of Time
The March of Time
organization also produced four feature films for theatrical release, and created documentary series for early television. Its first TV series, Crusade in Europe
Crusade in Europe
(1949), received a Peabody Award and one of the first Emmy Awards.

Contents

1 Production 2 Episodes 3 Reviews and commentary 4 Awards and recognition 5 Feature films 6 Television 7 Cultural references 8 References 9 External links

Production[edit] The March of Time
The March of Time
was based on a news documentary and dramatization series, also called The March of Time, that was first broadcast on CBS Radio. Usually called a newsreel series, The March of Time
The March of Time
was actually a monthly series of short feature films twice the length of standard newsreels. The films were didactic, with a subjective point of view.[1]:75–76 The editors of Time described it as "pictorial journalism". Like its radio namesake, The March of Time
The March of Time
included reporting, on-location shots, and dramatic reenactments. The March of Time's relationship to the newsreel was compared to the weekly interpretive news magazine's relationship to the daily newspaper.[2] The March of Time
The March of Time
was launched February 1, 1935, in over 500 theaters. Each entry in the series was either a two- or three-reel film (20 or 30 minutes). Westbrook Van Voorhis, who hosted the radio program, served as narrator of the film series. The series, which finally totalled close to 200 segments, was an immediate success with audiences. Because of its high production costs—estimated at $50,000 per episode, released at the rate of about one episode per month—the series was a money loser. However, it remained in production for six years beyond the cancellation of the radio show on which it was based. At its peak The March of Time
The March of Time
was seen by 25 million U.S. moviegoers a month.[3] "Implicit in all March of Time issues was a kind of uncomplicated American liberalism — general good intentions, a healthy journalistic skepticism, faith in enlightened self-interest, and substantial pride in American progress and potential", wrote March of Time chronicler Raymond Fielding:

The men who made the March of Time were not political theorists, they were journalists. For them, fascism, communism, and native demagogues seemed foreign to the American ethic, and they exposed and attacked them accordingly. … A cinematic agent provocateur, the March of Time turned over a lot of rocks, both at home and abroad, and illuminated the creatures it found beneath them. The demagogues and quacks whom they attacked in the 1930s may seem like obvious targets now, but they didn't seem so then. They were popular, powerful, frightening people, and the March of Time stood entirely alone in theatrical motion picture circles as a muckraker.[1]:87

In late 1936, producer Roy E. Larsen reluctantly left The March of Time to serve as publisher of Life, a weekly news magazine that began publication in November 1936. Time executives had long vacillated over launching such a magazine, but the success of The March of Time's experiments in pictorial journalism overcame the hesitation of the corporation's board of directors. Larsen proposed that the new magazine be named The March of Time, but the name Life was purchased from the owners of a declining periodical. Life magazine was a great success and notable influence on photojournalism throughout its 36-year history.[1]:161–162 Louis de Rochemont succeeded Larsen as producer of The March of Time, while Larsen continued to supervise the operations of the series on behalf of the Time corporation.[1]:162

Crowd in front of a New York news cinema running Inside Nazi Germany (1938), was an inductee of the 1993 National Film Registrylist.[4]

Examining the subjects of The March of Time, series historian Raymond Fielding found that episodes dealing with a single country and its affairs comprised 32.6 to 36 percent of the entire series. Economic issues were the subject of 10 percent of the episodes, and domestic politics 5 percent. Between 1935 and 1942, approximately 24 percent of the episodes were about war or the threat of war; from December 1941 until the end of World War II nearly every episode dealt with war.[1]:172 "Although the March of Time was professedly nonpartisan, a clear and persistent antifascist tone was becoming apparent in its analysis of world politics and rising militarism", Fielding wrote. "'Rehearsal for War' [August 6, 1937] was unquestionably anti-Franco, which was exactly what liberal staff members had intended."[1]:175–176 During Louis de Rochemont's tenure (1935–1943), 14 percent of the March of Time episodes were about the impact of specific individuals on political, economic and military events — a number that dropped significantly after his departure. De Rochemont's particular interest in the geopolitical role of the world's waterways resulted in 7.5 percent of all episodes devoted to the subject.[1]:172 The March of Time
The March of Time
film series ended in 1951, when the widespread adoption of television and daily TV news shows made the newsreel format obsolete. Newsreel series such as Pathé News
Pathé News
(1910–56), Paramount News (1927–57), Fox Movietone News
Fox Movietone News
(1928–63), Hearst Metrotone News/News of the Day (1914–67), and Universal Newsreel (1929–67) continued for a while longer. Episodes[edit] Unless noted, sources for episode information are The March of Time, 1935–1951 by Raymond Fielding,[1]:335–342 and the HBO
HBO
Archive's summary of The March of Time
The March of Time
Newsreels.[5]

Volume + Issue U.S. Release Date Title Length Notes

1.1 February 1, 1935 Saionji Speakeasy Street Belisha Beacons Moe Buchsbaum Fred Perkins Metropolitan Opera 4:14 2:32 3:02 1:56 3:28 5:48 Prince Saionji counsels Japan's leaders The 21 Club
21 Club
frustrates federal agents during Prohibition Britain's transport ministry erects traffic lights despite hostility U.S. tourist agrees to pay fine in France under one condition[6] Manufacturer defies NRA wage-scale directives on principle Giulio Gatti-Casazza
Giulio Gatti-Casazza
retires; first sound pictures of the Met

1.2 March 8, 1935 Germany New York Daily News Leadbelly Mohawk Disaster Speed Camera 6:07 4:20 3:29 5:24 1:52 Adolf Hitler's rise to power and preparations for war Scooping competitors with news of the Bruno Hauptmann
Bruno Hauptmann
sentence Folk songs of Huddie Ledbetter preserved by the Library of Congress Three consecutive sea disasters prompt consideration of International Safety Code Harold Eugene Edgerton's new slow-motion camera

1.3 April 19, 1935 Huey Long Munitions Mexico Trans-Pacific 5:56 3:51 4:08 7:23 Satirical study of Huey Long Basil Zaharoff
Basil Zaharoff
attends secret conference of munitions manufacturers at Cannes Suppression of freedom of religion in Mexico by Plutarco Elías Calles Pan American Airways's Sikorsky S-42
Sikorsky S-42
flying boats provide service to China

1.4 May 31, 1935 Navy War Games Russia Washington News 8:08 9:11 5:01 United States Navy
United States Navy
war games in the Pacific Review of the Soviet experiment, as Joseph Stalin
Joseph Stalin
attempts to unify Russia The Washington press corps at work, featuring Arthur Krock

1.5 August 16, 1935 Army Croix de Feu Father Coughlin 9:17 8:17 5:43 General Douglas MacArthur
Douglas MacArthur
leads Army maneuvers in a simulated invasion of the U.S. Militant French fascist organization Croix-de-Feu
Croix-de-Feu
forms and grows Portrait of politically outspoken radio evangelist Father Charles Coughlin

1.6 September 20, 1935 Bootleg Coal Civilian Conservation Corps Ethiopia 5:47 7:27 7:13 Pennsylvania miners on strike dig coal from closed mines to survive CCC camps save both the land and unemployed youth of America British build dam for Emperor Haile Selassie as Italy mobilizes for war

1.7 October 18, 1935 Neutrality Palestine Safety ("— And Sudden Death") Summer Theatres 5:14 7:50 4:53 3:30 With the invasion of Ethiopia, the U.S. embargoes arms sales to belligerents Nazi oppression drives Jews into Tel Aviv Dramatic staging of J. C. Furnas's Reader's Digest
Reader's Digest
article on auto accidents Young actors including Henry Fonda, Margaret Sullavan
Margaret Sullavan
and Katharine Hepburn

1.8 November 13, 1935 G.O.P. Strikebreaking Wild Ducks 7:13 5:07 6:55 Herbert Hoover
Herbert Hoover
and fellow Republicans prepare for the 1936 Presidential election Methods of professional strikebreaker Pearl Bergoff during the textile workers strike Review of U.S. Biological Survey efforts to preserve migratory waterfowl

1.9 December 13, 1935 Japan–China Narcotics Townsend Plan 8:01 7:37 6:59 Japanese occupation of China and formation of the puppet state of Manchukuo Federal Bureau of Narcotics
Federal Bureau of Narcotics
works to stop cocaine smuggling into New Orleans Francis Townsend's revolving old-age pension alternative to Social Security

2.1 January 7, 1936 Pacific Islands Deibler TVA 6:10 3:51 8:29 Bureau of Air Commerce colonizes uninhabited Pacific islands Portrait of Anatole Deibler, France's executioner-in-chief Profile of the Tennessee Valley Authority

2.2 February 14, 1936 Father Divine Hartman Discovery Moscow 6:36 5:17 8:07 Religious organization and theories of spiritual leader Father Divine Dr. Leroy L. Hartman invents new painkilling technique for dentistry Study of life in the Soviet Union

2.3 March 13, 1936 Devil's Island Tokyo, Japan Fisheries 6:09 5:00 6:13 Prisoners in French Guiana Study of political revolt and killing of government officials by army officers New England fishermen fear losing Canadian tariff

2.4 April 17, 1936 Florida Canal Arson Squads in Action Field Trials Veterans of Future Wars 6:04 6:11 4:27 5:34 Angry debate over construction of the Cross Florida Barge Canal Dramatization of fire marshal Thomas P. Brophy solving arson case in Brooklyn Hunting and sporting dog trials in Tennessee Princeton University
Princeton University
student organization proposes bonuses for future military service

2.5 May 15, 1936 League of Nations
League of Nations
Union Railroads Relief 7:14 8:04 5:34 Critical look at the weakened League of Nations
League of Nations
and worsening international relations Uncertain future of railroad industry Dramatizations depict the decreasing national relief fund

2.6 June 12, 1936 Otto von Habsburg Texas Centennial Crime School 6:52 6:42 8:45 Archduke Otto of Austria in exile Satirical study of the Texas Centennial Exposition Fictional case history of a poor New York boy who becomes a criminal

2.7 June 12, 1936 Revolt in France An American Dictator Jockey Club 6:40 5:47 8:18 Social and political shifts in France since World War I Exposé of Rafael Trujillo The Jockey Club sets horse racing policies and investigates illegal practices

2.8 August 7, 1936 Albania's King Zog Highway Homes King Cotton's Slaves 6:25 6:31 7:40 Profile of Albania and King Zog I Trailers are used for camping, recreation and affordable homes Brutal economic conditions under which Southern sharecropper families live

3.1 September 2, 1936 Passamaquoddy The 'Lunatic Fringe' U.S. Milky Way 8:08 6:59 6:51 The Public Works Administration's Quoddy Dam Project for eastern Maine Gerald L. K. Smith, Father Divine, Francis Townsend
Francis Townsend
and Charles Coughlin Dramatization of 1893 milk-borne typhoid epidemic; current dairy farming practices

3.2 September 30, 1936 England's Tithe War Labor versus Labor The Football Business 7:31 7:22 n/a Church of England tithe law is an intolerable burden on farmers during the Depression John L. Lewis
John L. Lewis
of the United Mine Workers
United Mine Workers
breaks away from the AFL to form the CIO The amateur sport of college football is becoming big business

3.3 November 6, 1936 The Presidency New Schools for Old 11:29 8:29 FDR reelected; review of first term and speculation on second term The U.S. public school system celebrates its centennial; John Dewey speaks

3.4 November 27, 1936 A Soldier-King's Son St. Lawrence Seaway An Uncle Sam Production 6:30 5:35 9:17 Young King Leopold III of Belgium
Leopold III of Belgium
rules a country facing Nazi aggression from Germany and within U.S. and Canadian efforts to open a binational deep waterway for trade through the Great Lakes face opposition The Federal Theatre Project
Federal Theatre Project
works to revitalize an industry ravaged by the Great Depression

3.5 December 24, 1936 China's Dictator Kidnapped Business Girls in the Big City 9:57 8:01 Chiang Kai-shek
Chiang Kai-shek
is kidnapped by Manchurian ruler Zhang Xueliang Women in business and industry, the professions and government; profiles include Edna Woolman Chase, Erma Perham Proetz, Josephine Roche and Frances Perkins

3.6 January 22, 1937 Conquering Cancer Midwinter Vacations Mormonism 6:01 6:56 5:56 The history and nature of cancer and the progress being made to combat it; profile of accused quack Norman G. Baker Advertising agencies promote winter vacations in Florida; winter resorts attempt to attract tourist revenue Brief overview of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints
The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints
in Utah

3.7 February 19, 1937 Father of All Turks Birth of Swing Enemies of Alcohol 3:38 6:39 5:51 Turkey is Westernized under Mustafa Kemal Atatürk Swing music's roots in New Orleans jazz; Nick LaRocca
Nick LaRocca
reunites the Original Dixieland Jass Band
Original Dixieland Jass Band
and performs "Tiger Rag" Post-Prohibition resurgence of the liquor business faces two enemies — bootlegging and the temperance movement

3.8 March 19, 1937 Child Labor Coronation Crisis Harlem's Black Magic 6:10 7:51 5:03 Three presidents advocate a Child Labor Amendment
Child Labor Amendment
to the U.S. Constitution Lloyd's of London
Lloyd's of London
pays off on business losses due to the abdication of Edward VIII, and defunct souvenirs find a ready market in the U.S. The New York World-Telegram
New York World-Telegram
exposes voodoo worship in Harlem as a racket for confidence men

3.9 April 16, 1937 Amateur Sleuths Britain's Food Defenses The Supreme Court 5:44 6:25 8:10 Volunteer sleuth clubs organized to help police solve crimes Facing a military shortage due to malnourishment, Britain campaigns and trains for physical fitness FDR combats legal challenges to New Deal
New Deal
innovations, including the Wagner Act, with an attempt to reform the Supreme Court

3.10 May 14, 1937 Irish Republic — 1937 Puzzle Prizes U.S. Unemployed 7:09 5:12 6:33 With a new Constitution and the leadership of President Éamon de Valera, Ireland works to become self-sufficient through industrialization Legal contests, puzzles and lotteries like the Irish Sweepstakes gain popularity David Lasser's Worker's Alliance pressures U.S. legislators to combat unemployment; the WPA needs increased funding

3.11 June 11, 1937 Dogs for Sale Dust Bowl Poland and War 5:49 6:02 5:43 Catering to dog owners is big business; The Seeing Eye trains service dogs for the blind, and new legislation will lift restrictions With more than nine million acres of U.S. farmland suffering major soil erosion, the USDA aggressively promotes planting and plowing methods that restore ecological balance Historical overview includes the accomplishments of General Pilsudski and his successor, growing anti-Semitism and changing regional conditions

3.12 July 9, 1937 Babies Wanted Rockefeller Millions The 49th State? 4:59 4:48 7:08 More families seek to adopt as the U.S. birth rate declines; agencies improve childcare and screening methods The philanthropy of John D. Rockefeller, Jr., and the Rockefeller Foundation The key role of Hawaii in the defense of the U.S., and its campaign for statehood

3.13 August 6, 1937 Rehearsal for War The Spoils System Youth in Camps 6:12 5:57 5:48 The U.S. looks for lessons in the Spanish Civil War
Spanish Civil War
as it prepares for future conflicts Efforts to rid the United States civil service
United States civil service
system of nepotism and patronage Summer resident camps for underprivileged American children offer good food, exercise, competitive sports and outdoor skills

4.1 September 10, 1937 Pests of 1937 War in China 5:09 12:38

4.2 October 1, 1937 England's D.O.R.A. Fiorello LaGuardia Junk and War 4:51 10:17 3:55

4.3 October 29, 1937 Amoskeag-Success Story Crisis in Algeria U.S. Secret Service 6:21 6:59 5:09

4.4 November 26, 1937 Britain's Gambling Fever Alaska's Salmon War The Human Heart n/a 7:33 6:33

4.5 December 27, 1937 The Laugh Industry Ships-Strikes-Seamen 5:00 n/a

4.6 January 18, 1938 Inside Nazi Germany 16:00 1993 inductee for National Film Registry

4.7 February 18, 1938 Old Dixie's New Boom One Million Missing Russians in Exile 7:31 5:27 5:34

4.8 March 18, 1938 Arms and the League Brain Trust Island 7:06 11:02

4.9 April 15, 1938 Nazi Conquest — No. 1 Crime and Prisons 10:44 9:37

4.10 May 13, 1938 England's Bankrupt Peers Friend of the People Racketeers vs. Housewives 5:08 7:22 6:21

4.11 June 10, 1938 Men of Medicine 16:07

4.12 July 8, 1938 G-Men of the Sea 16:12

4.13 August 6, 1938 Man at the Wheel Threat to Gibraltar 11:57 6:39

5.1 September 2, 1938 Father Divine's Deal Prelude to Conquest 9:18 10:40

5.2 September 30, 1938 The British Dilemma U.S. Firefighters 10:40 6:38

5.3 October 28, 1938 Inside the Maginot Line 19:42

5.4 November 25, 1938 Uncle Sam: The Good Neighbor 17:44

5.5 December 23, 1938 The Refugee — Today and Tomorrow 16:53

5.6 January 20, 1939 State of the Nation — 1939 17:01

5.7 February 1939 Mexico's New Crisis Young America 9:43 8:56

5.8 March 1939 The Mediterranean — Background for War 17:38

5.9 April 1939 Japan — Master of the Orient 17:57

5.10 May 1939 Dixie — U.S.A. 18:09

5.11 June 1939 War, Peace, Propaganda 18:11

5.12 July 1939 The Movies March On! 20:58

5.13 August 1939 Metropolis 17:33

6.1 September 1939 Soldiers with Wings 18:07

6.2 September 1939 Battle Fleets of England 17:59

6.3 October 1939 Uncle Sam — The Farmer 17:21

6.4 November 1939 Newsfronts of War — 1940 18:16

6.5 December 1939 Crisis in the Pacific — 1940 17:10

6.6 January 1940 The Republic of Finland 1919–1940 17:25

6.7 February 1940 The Vatican of Pius XII 17:54 directed by Luís Buñuel[citation needed]

6.8 March 1940 Canada at War 17:25

6.9 April 1940 America's Youth 18:16

6.10 May 1940 The Philippines: 1898–1946 18:16

6.11 June 1940 The U.S. Navy — 1940 17:37

6.12 August 1940 Spoils of Conquest 16:44

6.13 August 1940 Gateways to Panama 19:09

7.1 September 1940 On Foreign Newsfronts 18:10

7.2 October 1940 Britain's R.A.F. 17:29

7.3 October 1940 Mexico — Good Neighbor's Dilemma 18:18

7.4 November 1940 Arms and the Men — U.S.A. 18:28

7.5 December 1940 Labor and Defense — U.S.A. 18:02

7.6 January 1941 Uncle Sam — The Non-Belligerent 20:36

7.7 February 1941 Americans All 16:25

7.8 March 1941 Australia at War 18:44

7.9 April 1941 Men of the F.B.I. — 1941 20:34

7.10 May 1941 Crisis in the Atlantic 16:47

7.11 June 1941 China Fights Back 17:37

7.12 August 1941 New England's Eight Million Yankees 19:39

7.13 August 1941 Peace — by Adolf Hitler 17:30

8.1 August 1941 Thumbs Up, Texas! 18:30

8.2 September 1941 Norway in Revolt 19:40 Academy Award Nominee

8.3 October 1941 Sailors with Wings 19:22

8.4 November 1941 Main Street — U.S.A. 17:09

8.5 December 1941 Our America at War 16:54

Special
Special
Issue December 1941 Battlefields of the Pacific n/a

8.6 January 1942 When Air Raids Strike 19:13

8.7 February 1942 Far East Command 17:05

8.8 March 1942 The Argentine Question 18:27

8.9 April 1942 America's New Army 16:10

8.10 May 1942 India in Crisis 18:31

8.11 June 1942 India at War 18:33

8.12 July 1942 Men in Washington — 1942 19:00

8.13 July 1942 Men of the Fleet (The Ocean Fronts) 17:15

9.1 September 1942 The F.B.I. Front 19:34

9.2 October 1942 The Fighting French n/a

9.3 November 1942 Mr. and Mrs. America 19:43

9.4 December 1942 Africa - Prelude to Victory 17:35 Academy Award Nominee

9.5 December 1942 The Navy and the Nation 18:53

9.6 January 1943 One Day of War — Russia 1943 21:04

9.7 February 1943 The New Canada 17:23

9.8 March 1943 America's Food Crisis 17:47

9.9 April 1943 Inside Fascist Spain 16:47

9.10 May 1943 Show Business at War 17:34

9.11 June 1943 Invasion! 17:53

9.12 July 1943 Bill Jack vs. Adolf Hitler 17:37

9.13 August 1943 And Then Japan 17:36

10.1 September 1943 Airways to Peace 16:27

10.2 October 1943 Portugal — Europe's Crossroads 18:25

10.3 November 1943 Youth in Crisis 17:49 Academy Award Nominee

10.4 December 1943 Naval Log of Victory 18:56

10.5 December 1943 Upbeat in Music 16:53

10.6 January 1944 Sweden's Middle Road 18:42

10.7 February 1944 Post-War Jobs 18:00

10.8 March 1944 South American Front — 1944 17:07

10.9 April 1944 The Irish Question 18:35

10.10 May 1944 Underground Report 19:19

10.11 June 1944 Back Door to Tokyo 17:40

10.12 July 1944 Americans All n/a

10.13 August 1944 British Imperialism 17:42

11.1 September 1944 Post-War Farms 16:37

11.2 October 1944 What To Do with Germany 18:25

11.3 November 1944 Uncle Sam, Mariner? 16:23

11.4 December 1944 Inside China Today 16:53

11.5 December 1944 The Unknown Battle 18:07

11.6 January 1945 Report on Italy 16:28

11.7 February 1945 The West Coast Question 16:15

11.8 March 1945 Memo from Britain 16:00

11.9 April 1945 The Returning Veteran n/a

11.10 May 1945 Spotlight on Congress 15:19

11.11 June 15, 1945 Teen-Age Girls 16:28

11.12 July 13, 1945 Where's the Meat? 16:08

11.13 August 10, 1945 The New U.S. Frontier 16:08

12.1 September 17, 1945 Palestinian Problem n/a

12.2 October 5, 1945 American Beauty 17:23

12.3 November 2, 1945 18 Million Orphans 16:43

12.4 November 30, 1945 Justice Comes to Germany 20:11

12.5 December 28, 1945 Challenge to Hollywood 17:11

12.6 January 25, 1946 Life with Baby 18:42

12.7 February 22, 1946 Report on Greece 18:22

12.8 March 22, 1946 Night Club Boom 20:38

12.9 April 19, 1946 Wanted — More Homes 20:19

12.10 May 17, 1946 Tomorrow's Mexico 19:31

12.11 June 14, 1946 Problem Drinkers 19:19

12.12 July 12, 1946 The New France 18:55

12.13 August 9, 1946 Atomic Power 18:25 Academy Award Nominee

13.1 September 27, 1946 Is Everybody Happy? 16:26

13.2 October 4, 1946 World Food Production 16:50

13.3 November 1, 1946 The Soviet's Neighbor — Czechoslovakia 17:18

13.4 November 29, 1946 The American Cop 17:39

13.5 December 27, 1946 Nobody's Children 16:20

13.6 January 24, 1947 Germany — Handle with Care! 17:36

13.7 February 21, 1947 Fashion Means Business n/a

13.8 March 21, 1947 The Teachers' Crisis 15:45

13.9 April 18, 1947 Storm over Britain 17:49

13.10 May 16, 1947 The Russians Nobody Knows 18:15

13.11 June 13, 1947 Your Doctors — 1947 18:24

13.12 July 11, 1947 New Trains for Old 18:05

13.13 August 8, 1947 Turkey's 100 Million 17:49

14.1 September 6, 1947 Is Everybody Listening? 18:05

14.2 October 3, 1947 T-Men in Action 17:06

14.3 October 30, 1947 End of an Empire? 17:53

14.4 November 28, 1947 Public Relations — This Means You 16:03

14.5 December 26, 1947 The Presidential Year 15:18

14.6 January 23, 1948 The Cold War: Act I — France 17:57

14.7 February 20, 1948 Marriage and Divorce 16:23

14.8 March 19, 1948 The Cold War: Act II — Crisis in Italy 16:22

14.9 April 16, 1948 Life with Junior 17:44

14.10 May 14, 1948 The Cold War: Act III — Battle for Greece 16:43

14.11 June 11, 1948 The Fight Game n/a

14.12 July 9, 1948 The Case of Mrs. Conrad 17:5

14.13 August 6, 1948 White-Collar Girls 16:23

14.14 September 3, 1948 Life with Grandpa 16:14

14.15 October 1, 1948 Battle for Germany 17:40

14.16 October 29, 1948 America's New Air Power 17:15

14.17 November 26, 1948 Answer to Stalin 18:15

14.18 December 24, 1948 Watchdogs of the Mail 17:37

15.1 January 21, 1949 On Stage 17:44

15.2 February 18, 1949 Asia's New Voice 16:51

15.3 March 18, 1949 Wish You Were Here 16:57

15.4 April 15, 1949 Report on the Atom 18:24

15.5 May 13, 1949 Sweden Looks Ahead 17:06

15.6 June 10, 1949 It's in the Groove 18:22

15.7 July 8, 1949 Stop — Heavy Traffic! 15:04

15.8 August 5, 1949 Farming Pays Off 16:27

15.9 September 2, 1949 Policeman's Holiday 18:45

15.10 September 30, 1949 The Fight for Better Schools 19:44

15.11 November 11, 1949 MacArthur's Japan 17:04

15.12 December 23, 1949 A Chance to Live 18:11 Boys Town of Italy aids destitute children after WWII; Academy Award Winner; The Academy Film Archive preserved A Chance to Live
A Chance to Live
in 2005.[7]

16.1 February 3, 1950 Mid-Century — Half-Way to Where? 16:20

16.2 March 17, 1950 The Male Look 15:33

16.3 April 28, 1950 Where's the Fire? 18:29

16.4 June 9, 1950 Beauty at Work 17:10

16.5 August 18, 1950 As Russia Sees It 15:36

16.6 September 29, 1950 The Gathering Storm 15:52

16.7 November 10, 1950 Schools March On! 17:49

16.8 December 1950 Tito — New Ally? 17:12

17.1 February 1951 Strategy for Victory 16:56

17.2 March 1951 Flight Plan for Freedom 18:22

17.3 April 1951 The Nation's Mental Health 18:21

17.4 June 1951 Moroccan Outpost 16:47

17.5 July 1951 Crisis in Iran 17:58

17.6 August 1951 Formosa — Island of Promise 16:30

Reviews and commentary[edit]

Writing for The Spectator
The Spectator
in 1935, Graham Greene
Graham Greene
favorably contrasted the film with contemporary British news films whose stories he described as "scraps of unimportant material [...] flung without arrangement on to the screen". Praising the producers of The March of Time, Greene suggested that "their fortnightly programmes can be compared with an authoritative article by a special correspondent rather than with a haphazard page of photographs from the Daily Mirror", and went on to discuss the danger of censorship for this nascent news medium in light of England's stronger libel laws and the British Board of Film Censors' decision to severely cut scenes of the Parisian riots related to the Croix de Feu, and to remove the film's final scene revealing the source of the Croix de Feu's funding - an act of censorship that Greene noted as making the film "Fascist in tone".[8] Alistair Cooke, The Listener (November 20, 1935) — The March of Time is not the result of bright inspiration. Behind it is ten years' experience with a magazine of the same style; an army of correspondents and cameramen scattered throughout the world; an historical film library it took two years to prepare; a newspaper cutting library as exhaustive as anything extant; and in New York and Chicago a vast research staff alert to trace the origins of any family, war, author, statesman, treaty, or breath or rumour. With no less than this should any other film company irresponsibly compete.[1]:67 Bosley Crowther, The New York Times
The New York Times
(October 31, 1937) — And now, less than three years old but already an institution, the March of Time is today one of the most successful and forward-looking features on the screen — a dynamic force for the purveyance of information through the medium of the film.[9] D. A. Spencer and H. D. Waley, The Cinema Today (1939) — Although the ideal behind these films is to present, as objectively as possible, accounts of world happenings, there is no doubt whatever that they are helping to mould our views on such happenings. In America legislation regulating child labour … has at last passed both Houses of Congress by a narrow margin which is believed to be due to the March of Time. Their film on cancer has done a good deal to arouse the national conscience of America to the evils of the quackery that battens on fear of this scourge, while in England, before the present campaign for National Fitness was under way, their film Food and Physical Training aroused enormous interest and debate in that it brought home to many people's minds the fact that the animals at the zoo are better fed and housed than many of the nation's children.[1]:176 Neil Genzlinger, The New York Times
The New York Times
(September 2, 2010) — It's hard to know today even what to call these films. (Raymond Fielding, a retired college educator who wrote a book about the series, told me that roughly 290 were made.) '"Newsreels'" seems inadequate; they are longer, more detailed and much more opinionated than the standard-issue newsreels that preceded them. "Documentaries" is closer, but the blaring orchestrations and outlandish voice-overs sound nothing like a modern documentary. It's tempting to give up and label these whats-its a mass-media Neanderthal — an evolutionary dead end; an attempt to merge the tools of newsgathering and filmmaking that had its moment but died out. Except that, once you watch a few and learn about how they were made, you start to see a little March of Time in almost everything: Fox News, The Daily Show with Jon Stewart, the History channel, schlocky reality shows of the I Shouldn't Be Alive variety, PBS's P.O.V.[10] Tom Shales, The Washington Post
The Washington Post
(September 4, 2010) — Fascinating, enthralling, enlightening—many a superlative applies to these documentary shorts, which have gathered value with the march of time itself and have been rescued from the ravages of time by New York's Museum of Modern Art
Museum of Modern Art
and the HBO
HBO
Archive, corporate relative of the series's original creators. … It's something of an irony that The March of Time may be less famous today than a bull's-eye parody of it — a parody that millions have seen, many of them perhaps not even knowing that it is a parody or what it's lampooning. Does News on the March ring a bell? It's the title of the fake-out newsreel that begins the Orson Welles
Orson Welles
classic Citizen Kane, and it includes wily duplications of all the March of Time trademarks, including the white-on-black transitional title cards, the wall-to-wall musical score and the bombastic narration.[11]

Awards and recognition[edit]

The March of Time
The March of Time
received an honorary Academy Award in 1937 "for its significance to motion pictures and for having revolutionized one of the most important branches of the industry — the newsreel."[12] On October 27, 1937, The March of Time
The March of Time
episode "Conquering Cancer" received the first Clement Cleveland Medal, established by the New York City Cancer
Cancer
Committee of the American Society for the Control of Cancer.[13] " Louis de Rochemont was especially proud of a letter he received from U.S. Surgeon General Parran crediting the film with providing a crucial influence in securing a federal appropriation for the National Cancer
Cancer
Institute", reported March of Time chronicler Raymond Fielding.[1]:170 The March of Time
The March of Time
episode Norway in Revolt was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Documentary (Short Subject) in 1941.[14] Prelude to Victory was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Documentary (Short Subject) in 1942.[15] Youth in Crisis was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Documentary (Short Subject) in 1943.[15] Atomic Power was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Documentary (Short Subject) in 1946.[15] A Chance to Live
A Chance to Live
received the Academy Award for Best Documentary (Short Subject) in 1949.[15] Inside Nazi Germany, a 1938 March of Time episode directed by Jack Glenn, was an inductee of the 1993 National Film Registry
National Film Registry
list in 1993.[16]

Feature films[edit] Four feature-length films were produced by The March of Time.[1]:343–347

The Ramparts We Watch
The Ramparts We Watch
(August 1940, 99 minutes) The Story of the Vatican (August 1941, 53 minutes) We Are the Marines
We Are the Marines
(December 1942, 70 minutes) The Golden Twenties
The Golden Twenties
(April 1950, 67 minutes)

Television[edit] In 1949 The March of Time
The March of Time
created the first extensive documentary series for television, Crusade in Europe, based on the book by Dwight D. Eisenhower. The ABC series received a Peabody Award and one of the first Emmy Awards (Best Public Service, Cultural or Educational Program).[17] It was followed by Crusade in the Pacific (1951).[1]:302 In 1965–1966, producer David L. Wolper revived the March of Time title for a series of documentary films produced in association with Time-Life, Inc.[18] The series was not successful.[1]:302 Cultural references[edit] Dorothy Fields' lyrics for the song "A Fine Romance", introduced by Fred Astaire
Fred Astaire
and Ginger Rogers
Ginger Rogers
in the 1936 RKO film Swing Time, include a reference to the newsreel series:

A fine romance, with no kisses. A fine romance, my friend, this is. True love should have the thrills that a healthy crime has. We don't have half the thrills that The March of Time
The March of Time
has.[19][20]

The March of Dimes, a fundraising organization that still exists, was named by Eddie Cantor
Eddie Cantor
in 1938 as a play on The March of Time. Because Franklin D. Roosevelt
Franklin D. Roosevelt
founded the March of Dimes, originally called the National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis, a dime was chosen to honor him after his death.[21] The March of Time
The March of Time
series was satirized in Orson Welles's film Citizen Kane (1941) with the News on the March segment showing the life and funeral of the fictional Charles Foster Kane.[1]:258–260 The Canadian documentary series The World in Action (1942–1945) was patterned after The March of Time
The March of Time
newsreel series.[22] References[edit]

^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o Fielding, Raymond. The March of Time, 1935–1951. New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-502212-2.  ^ "Pictorial Journalism". The New York Times. February 2, 1935.  ^ Gilling, Ted (May 7, 1989). "Real to Reel: Newsreels and re-enactments help trio of documentaries make history come alive". Toronto Star.  ^ https://www.loc.gov/programs/national-recording-preservation-board/recording-registry/complete-national-recording-registry-listing/ accessed 3/18/2918. ^ "Synopsis" (PDF). The March of Time
The March of Time
Newsreels. HBO
HBO
Archives. Archived from the original (PDF) on February 6, 2015. Retrieved December 4, 2015.  ^ "France: Motorist Moe"; Time, September 10, 1934 ^ "Preserved Projects". Academy Film Archive.  ^ Greene, Graham (November 1, 1935). "The March of Time". The Spectator.  (reprinted in: John Russel, Taylor, ed. (1980). The Pleasure Dome. pp. 34–35. ISBN 0192812866. ) ^ Crowther, Bosley, "Time Marches On and On: A Hurried Investigation of That High Potential Screen Feature." The New York Times, October 31, 1937 ^ Genzlinger, Neil, "Time Marches … Backward!". The New York Times, September 2, 2010 ^ Shales, Tom, "'March of Time' newsreels on Turner Classic Movies
Turner Classic Movies
a gripping record of history". The Washington Post, September 4, 2010 ^ The 9th Academy Awards, Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences; retrieved April 13, 2012 ^ "March of Time Honored for War on Disease." The New York Times, October 28, 1937 ^ The 14th Academy Awards, Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences; retrieved April 13, 2012 ^ a b c d "The Official Academy Awards Database". American Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved 2017-12-21.  ^ https://www.loc.gov/programs/national-recording-preservation-board/recording-registry/complete-national-recording-registry-listing/ accessed 3/18/2018. ^ Cook, Bruce, "Whatever Happened to Westbrook Van Voohis?" American Film, March 1977 ^ The March of Time
The March of Time
1965–1966 at the Official Website of Producer David L. Wolper; retrieved May 24, 2012 ^ "A Fine Romance". SongMeanings. Retrieved October 15, 2014.  ^ "A Fine Romance". The Dorothy Fields
Dorothy Fields
Website. Retrieved October 15, 2014.  ^ Barrett, William P. "March of Dimes' Second Act". Forbes, November 19, 2008. ^ Ohayon, Albert, "Propaganda Cinema at the NFB – The World in Action"; National Film Board of Canada
National Film Board of Canada
(blog), September 30, 2009

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to The March of Time.

75th Anniversary of The March of Time
The March of Time
at Turner Classic Movies The March of Time
The March of Time
as Documentary and Propaganda, American Studies Program at the University of Virginia History The March of Time
The March of Time
Newsreels and Documentaries The March of Time
The March of Time
at Alexander Street Press
Alexander Street Press
— cross-searchable online streaming video collection for available to academic, public and school libraries The March of Time
The March of Time
at the Encyclopedia of American Journalism Jack Glenn papers (March of Time director) at the University of Wyoming - American Heritage Center

v t e

Academy Honorary Award

1928–1950

Warner Bros.
Warner Bros.
/ Charlie Chaplin
Charlie Chaplin
(1928) Walt Disney
Walt Disney
(1932) Shirley Temple
Shirley Temple
(1934) D. W. Griffith
D. W. Griffith
(1935) The March of Time
The March of Time
/ W. Howard Greene and Harold Rosson (1936) Edgar Bergen
Edgar Bergen
/ W. Howard Greene / Museum of Modern Art
Museum of Modern Art
Film Library / Mack Sennett
Mack Sennett
(1937) J. Arthur Ball / Walt Disney
Walt Disney
/ Deanna Durbin
Deanna Durbin
and Mickey Rooney
Mickey Rooney
/ Gordon Jennings, Jan Domela, Devereaux Jennings, Irmin Roberts, Art Smith, Farciot Edouart, Loyal Griggs, Loren L. Ryder, Harry D. Mills, Louis Mesenkop, Walter Oberst / Oliver T. Marsh and Allen Davey / Harry Warner
Harry Warner
(1938) Douglas Fairbanks
Douglas Fairbanks
/ Judy Garland
Judy Garland
/ William Cameron Menzies / Motion Picture Relief Fund (Jean Hersholt, Ralph Morgan, Ralph Block, Conrad Nagel)/ Technicolor Company (1939) Bob Hope
Bob Hope
/ Nathan Levinson (1940) Walt Disney, William Garity, John N. A. Hawkins, and the RCA Manufacturing Company / Leopold Stokowski
Leopold Stokowski
and his associates / Rey Scott / British Ministry of Information (1941) Charles Boyer
Charles Boyer
/ Noël Coward
Noël Coward
/ Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer
Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer
(1942) George Pal
George Pal
(1943) Bob Hope
Bob Hope
/ Margaret O'Brien
Margaret O'Brien
(1944) Republic Studio, Daniel J. Bloomberg, and the Republic Studio Sound Department / Walter Wanger
Walter Wanger
/ The House I Live In / Peggy Ann Garner (1945) Harold Russell
Harold Russell
/ Laurence Olivier
Laurence Olivier
/ Ernst Lubitsch
Ernst Lubitsch
/ Claude Jarman Jr. (1946) James Baskett
James Baskett
/ Thomas Armat, William Nicholas Selig, Albert E. Smith, and George Kirke Spoor
George Kirke Spoor
/ Bill and Coo / Shoeshine (1947) Walter Wanger
Walter Wanger
/ Monsieur Vincent
Monsieur Vincent
/ Sid Grauman
Sid Grauman
/ Adolph Zukor
Adolph Zukor
(1948) Jean Hersholt
Jean Hersholt
/ Fred Astaire
Fred Astaire
/ Cecil B. DeMille
Cecil B. DeMille
/ The Bicycle Thief (1949) Louis B. Mayer
Louis B. Mayer
/ George Murphy
George Murphy
/ The Walls of Malapaga (1950)

1951–1975

Gene Kelly
Gene Kelly
/ Rashomon
Rashomon
(1951) Merian C. Cooper
Merian C. Cooper
/ Bob Hope
Bob Hope
/ Harold Lloyd
Harold Lloyd
/ George Mitchell / Joseph M. Schenck / Forbidden Games
Forbidden Games
(1952) 20th Century-Fox Film Corporation / Bell & Howell Company / Joseph Breen / Pete Smith (1953) Bausch & Lomb Optical Company / Danny Kaye
Danny Kaye
/ Kemp Niver / Greta Garbo / Jon Whiteley
Jon Whiteley
/ Vincent Winter / Gate of Hell (1954) Samurai I: Musashi Miyamoto (1955) Eddie Cantor
Eddie Cantor
(1956) Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers
Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers
/ Gilbert M. "Broncho Billy" Anderson / Charles Brackett / B. B. Kahane (1957) Maurice Chevalier
Maurice Chevalier
(1958) Buster Keaton
Buster Keaton
/ Lee de Forest
Lee de Forest
(1959) Gary Cooper
Gary Cooper
/ Stan Laurel
Stan Laurel
/ Hayley Mills
Hayley Mills
(1960) William L. Hendricks / Fred L. Metzler / Jerome Robbins
Jerome Robbins
(1961) William J. Tuttle
William J. Tuttle
(1964) Bob Hope
Bob Hope
(1965) Yakima Canutt
Yakima Canutt
/ Y. Frank Freeman
Y. Frank Freeman
(1966) Arthur Freed (1967) John Chambers / Onna White (1968) Cary Grant
Cary Grant
(1969) Lillian Gish
Lillian Gish
/ Orson Welles
Orson Welles
(1970) Charlie Chaplin
Charlie Chaplin
(1971) Charles S. Boren / Edward G. Robinson
Edward G. Robinson
(1972) Henri Langlois
Henri Langlois
/ Groucho Marx
Groucho Marx
(1973) Howard Hawks
Howard Hawks
/ Jean Renoir
Jean Renoir
(1974) Mary Pickford
Mary Pickford
(1975)

1976–2000

Margaret Booth (1977) Walter Lantz
Walter Lantz
/ Laurence Olivier
Laurence Olivier
/ King Vidor
King Vidor
/ Museum of Modern Art Department of Film (1978) Hal Elias / Alec Guinness
Alec Guinness
(1979) Henry Fonda
Henry Fonda
(1980) Barbara Stanwyck
Barbara Stanwyck
(1981) Mickey Rooney
Mickey Rooney
(1982) Hal Roach
Hal Roach
(1983) James Stewart
James Stewart
/ National Endowment for the Arts
National Endowment for the Arts
(1984) Paul Newman
Paul Newman
/ Alex North (1985) Ralph Bellamy
Ralph Bellamy
(1986) Eastman Kodak
Kodak
Company / National Film Board of Canada
National Film Board of Canada
(1988) Akira Kurosawa
Akira Kurosawa
(1989) Sophia Loren
Sophia Loren
/ Myrna Loy
Myrna Loy
(1990) Satyajit Ray
Satyajit Ray
(1991) Federico Fellini
Federico Fellini
(1992) Deborah Kerr
Deborah Kerr
(1993) Michelangelo Antonioni
Michelangelo Antonioni
(1994) Kirk Douglas
Kirk Douglas
/ Chuck Jones
Chuck Jones
(1995) Michael Kidd
Michael Kidd
(1996) Stanley Donen
Stanley Donen
(1997) Elia Kazan
Elia Kazan
(1998) Andrzej Wajda
Andrzej Wajda
(1999) Jack Cardiff
Jack Cardiff
/ Ernest Lehman (2000)

2001–present

Sidney Poitier
Sidney Poitier
/ Robert Redford
Robert Redford
(2001) Peter O'Toole
Peter O'Toole
(2002) Blake Edwards
Blake Edwards
(2003) Sidney Lumet
Sidney Lumet
(2004) Robert Altman
Robert Altman
(2005) Ennio Morricone
Ennio Morricone
(2006) Robert F. Boyle (2007) Lauren Bacall
Lauren Bacall
/ Roger Corman
Roger Corman
/ Gordon Willis
Gordon Willis
(2009) Kevin Brownlow / Jean-Luc Godard
Jean-Luc Godard
/ Eli Wallach
Eli Wallach
(2010) James Earl Jones
James Earl Jones
/ Dick Smith (2011) D. A. Pennebaker
D. A. Pennebaker
/ Hal Needham
Hal Needham
/ George Stevens Jr.
George Stevens Jr.
(2012) Angela Lansbury
Angela Lansbury
/ Steve Martin
Steve Martin
/ Piero Tosi (2013) Jean-Claude Carrière
Jean-Claude Carrière
/ Hayao Miyazaki
Hayao Miyazaki
/ Maureen O'Hara
Maureen O'Hara
(2014) Spike Lee
Spike Lee
/ Gena Rowlands
Gena Rowlands
(2015) Jackie Chan
Jackie Chan
/ Lynn Stalmaster / Anne V. Coates / Frederick Wiseman (2016) Charles Burnett / Owen Roizman / Donald Sutherland
Donald Sutherland
/ Agnès

.