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The Last King of Scotland
The Last King of Scotland
is a 1998 novel by journalist Giles Foden. Focusing on the rise of Ugandan President Idi Amin
Idi Amin
and his reign as dictator from 1971 to 1979, the novel is written as the memoir of a fictional Scottish doctor in Amin's employ. Giles Foden's novel received critical acclaim and numerous awards when it was published by Faber and Faber in 1998. It interweaves fiction and historical fact. In 2006 a film by the same name was produced based on the novel.

Contents

1 Plot introduction 2 Development and inspiration 3 Awards and nominations 4 Editions in print 5 References

Plot introduction[edit] The protagonist is a fictional character named Nicholas Garrigan, a young Scottish doctor who goes to work in Uganda out of a sense of idealism and adventure. He relates how he came to be the personal physician and confidant of Amin, the president of Uganda from his coup d'état in 1971 until his deposal in 1979. The novel focuses on Garrigan's relationship and fascination with the president, who soon grows into a brutal and ruthless dictator. Garrigan acts repeatedly against his better judgment, remaining in Amin's employment until he is far past the point of easy escape physically or morally. He is gradually drawn into the corruption and paranoia of Amin's rule, including the expulsion of the Asians, with disastrous results for those around him. Development and inspiration[edit] Drawing on his twenty years of living in Africa and his background as a journalist, Foden researched the events surrounding Amin's rise to power and downfall. He interviewed many of those who watched and participated in the Ugandan ruler's eight-year reign. The author evokes the form of a memoir by inserting fictional newspaper articles and journal entries, along with actual events. In a 1998 interview with the online magazine Boldtype, Foden said he based parts of Garrigan's character on an associate of Amin named Bob Astles.[1][2] As a British soldier who worked his way into Amin's favour, Astles was much more "proactive" than Garrigan, according to Foden. He paid the price by spending six and a half years in a Ugandan jail after the fall of his protector. Astles compromised himself by his direct association with Amin's security forces. While Amin was in power, Astles was alternately either favoured or punished; he was imprisoned and tortured on at least one occasion. Foden drew in part on a lengthy interview with Astles in The Times by the journalist Paul Vallely who spoke to Astles in a Ugandan jail after smuggling a message in to Amin's henchman in a Bible.[3] Another real-life figure who has been mentioned in connection with Garrigan is Scottish doctor Wilson Carswell.[4] Amin's personal physician was, in fact, a Ugandan doctor called Paul D'Arbela. The title of the book refers to Amin declaring himself as the King of Scotland.[2] Foden claims that the book is an adaptation of William Shakespeare's Macbeth
Macbeth
as a third-world dictator.[5] Awards and nominations[edit]

1998 James Tait Black Memorial Prize (for fiction) (shortlist)[6] 1998 Whitbread First Novel Award[7] 1998 Winifred Holtby Memorial Prize[8] 1999 Betty Trask Award 1999 Somerset Maugham Award

Editions in print[edit]

1998: New York: Knopf; Distributed by Random House, hardback, ISBN 978-0-375-40360-6 (English) 1998: London: Faber Paperbacks, paperback, ISBN 978-0-571-19486-5 (English) 1998: Faber and Faber, paperback, ISBN 0-571-19564-4 (English) 1999: Vintage Books USA, paperback, ISBN 0-375-70331-4 (English) 1999: Random House USA, hardcover, ISBN 0-375-40360-4 (English)

References[edit]

^ "An Interview with Giles Foden". Random House. Retrieved 13 October 2014.  ^ a b "Katie: The True Story Behind "The Last King"". CBS News. Retrieved 21 April 2016.  ^ https://prezi.com/8h5j3vmwxf6o/the-last-king-of-scotland/ ^ Pells, Rachael (10 October 2014). "Douglas Carswell profile". Santa Barbara Independent. Retrieved 13 October 2014.  ^ Foden, Gil (2 September 2004). "The African play". The Guardian. Retrieved 11 March 2014.  ^ " The Last King of Scotland
The Last King of Scotland
– Giles Foden". Retrieved 22 August 2017.  ^ " The Last King of Scotland
The Last King of Scotland
by Giles Foden". PenguinRandomHouse.com. Retrieved 21 August 2017.  ^ "Royal Society of Literature Web Archive". web.archive.org. 14 June 2011. Retrieved 4 March 2018. 

v t e

William Shakespeare's Macbeth

Characters

Macbeth Lady Macbeth Banquo Macduff King Duncan Malcolm Donalbain Three Witches Fleance Lady Macduff Macduff's son Third Murderer Young Siward

Inspirations

Macbeth, King of Scotland Gruoch of Scotland Duncan I of Scotland Malcolm III of Scotland Donald III of Scotland Siward, Earl of Northumbria King James VI and I

Sources

Daemonologie
Daemonologie
(1597) The Witch (play) Holinshed's Chronicles Darraðarljóð

Film

1908 1909 (French) 1909 (Italian) 1911 1913 1915 1916 1922 1948 1971 2006 2015 Cancelled (Olivier)

Television

1954 1960 US TV 1960 Australian TV 1961 1979 1982 1983 1992 2005 2010

TV / film adaptations

The Real Thing at Last (1916) Marmayogi
Marmayogi
(1951) Joe MacBeth
Joe MacBeth
(1955) Throne of Blood
Throne of Blood
(1957) Macbeth
Macbeth
(Verdi opera) (1987) Men of Respect
Men of Respect
(1990) Scotland, PA
Scotland, PA
(2001) Makibefo (2001) Maqbool
Maqbool
(2003) Shakespeare
Shakespeare
Must Die (2012) Veeram (2016)

Plays

Voodoo Macbeth
Macbeth
(1936) MacBird! (1967) uMabatha (1970) Macbett (1972) Cahoot's Macbeth
Macbeth
(1979) MacHomer
MacHomer
(1995) Sleep No More (2003) Sleep No More (2009) Dunsinane (2010) Sleep No More (2011) Just Macbeth!

Operas

Macbeth
Macbeth
(1847, Verdi)

discography

Macbeth
Macbeth
(1910, Bloch)

Literary adaptations

Wyrd Sisters (1988) The Last King of Scotland
The Last King of Scotland
(1998) The Tragedy of Macbeth
Macbeth
Part II (2008)

Albums

Music from Macbeth
Macbeth
(1972) Macbeth
Macbeth
(1990) Thane to the Throne
Thane to the Throne
(2000) Shakespeare's Macbeth
Macbeth
– A Tragedy in Steel (2003) Lady Macbeth
Macbeth
(2005)

Art

Pity (1795) The Night of Enitharmon's Joy
The Night of Enitharmon's Joy
(1795) Ellen Terry as Lady Macbeth
Macbeth
(1889)

Scenes and speeches

"On the Knocking at the Gate in Macbeth" (1823) Sleepwalking Scene (5.1) "Tomorrow and tomorrow and tomorrow"

Words and phrases

"What's done is done" "Crack of doom" "Strange but true" The Scottish Play Thane of Cawdor

Story within a story

We Work Again Light Thickens The Deadly Affair "The Movies" "Sleeping with the Enemy" "The Shower Principle" Mécanisme de la physionomie humaine The Scottish Play Burke & Hare

Episodes

"A Witch's Tangled Hare" (1959, Looney Tunes) "The Bellero Shield" (1964, The Outer Limits) "Sense and Senility" (1987, Blackadder the Third) "The Coup" (2006, The Office) "Dial "N" for Nerder" (2008, The Simpsons) "Four Great Women and a Manicure" (2009, The Simpsons) "The Understudy" (2014, Inside No. 9)

Other

Macbeth
Macbeth
(Strauss) The Scottish Play Piano Trios, Op. 70 (Beethoven) The Ruins of Cawdor House of Cards (UK, 1990) House of Cards (US, 201

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