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THE INDIAN EXPRESS is an English-language Indian daily newspaper. It is published in Mumbai
Mumbai
by Indian Express Group . In 1999, eight years after the group's founder Ramnath Goenka 's death in 1991, the group was split between the family members. The southern editions taking the name The New Indian Express
The New Indian Express
, while the northern editions, based in Mumbai
Mumbai
, retaining the original Indian Express name, with "The" prefixed to the title.

The Indian Express
The Indian Express
is published at ten locations— Delhi
Delhi
, Jaipur, Mumbai
Mumbai
, Nagpur
Nagpur
, Pune
Pune
, Kolkata
Kolkata
, Vadodara , Chandigarh
Chandigarh
, Lucknow
Lucknow
and Ahmedabad
Ahmedabad
.

CONTENTS

* 1 History of the Indian Express Group * 2 Expansion * 3 Headquarters * 4 Awards * 5 See also * 6 References * 7 External links

HISTORY OF THE INDIAN EXPRESS GROUP

In 1931, the Indian Express was started by an Ayurvedic doctor, P. Varadarajulu Naidu , at Chennai
Chennai
, being published by his "Tamil Nadu" press . Soon under financial difficulties, he sold the newspaper to Swaminathan Sadanand , the founder of The Free Press Journal , a national news agency .

In 1933 The Indian Express
The Indian Express
opened its second office in Madurai
Madurai
, launching the Tamil edition, Dinamani . Sadanand introduced several innovations and reduced the price of the newspaper. Faced with financial difficulties, he sold a part of his stake to Ramanath Goenka as convertible debentures . In 1935, when The Free Press Journal finally collapsed, and after a protracted court battle with Goenka, Sadanand lost ownership of Indian Express.

EXPANSION

Later Goenka bought the remaining 26% of the company held by Sadanand. The newspaper then came under Goenka's sole control, taking the already anti-establishment tone of the paper to greater heights. Also at that time, it faced stiff competition from the well established The Hindu
The Hindu
and the Mail, as well as several other prominent newspapers. In the late 1930s the newspaper's circulation was no more than 2000.

In 1939 Goenka bought Andhra Prabha
Andhra Prabha
, another prominent Telugu daily newspaper. The name Three Musketeers
Three Musketeers
was often used for the three dailies. In 1940 the whole premises was gutted by fire. The Hindu
The Hindu
, a rival newspaper, helped considerably in re-launching the paper, by getting it printed temporarily at one of its Swadesimithran’s press and later offering its recently vacated premises at 2, Mount Road, which became the landmark Express Estates. This relocation also helped the Express obtain better high speed printing machines. Some claimed the Goenka had deliberately set fire to escape financial embarrassment.

In later years Goenka started the Mumbai
Mumbai
edition with the landmark Express Towers as his office when he bought the Morning Standard in 1944. Two years later it became the Mumbai
Mumbai
edition of The Indian Express. Later, editions were started in several cities; the Madurai edition in 1957, the Bangalore
Bangalore
edition in 1965, and the Ahmedabad edition in 1968. The Financial Express was launched in 1961 at Mumbai, Kannada Prabha ( Kannada
Kannada
Daily) at Bangalore
Bangalore
in 1965 and a Bangalore edition of the Telugu Daily Andhra Prabha, and Gujarati dailies Lok Satta and Jansatta, from Ahmedabad
Ahmedabad
and Vadodara in 1952.

The Delhi
Delhi
edition started was when the Tej group's Indian News Chronicle was acquired in 1951, which in 1953 became the Delhi
Delhi
edition of Indian Express. In 1990 the group bought the Sterling group of magazines, along with it the Gentleman magazine.

After Ramanath Goenka’s demise in 1991, two of the family members split the group into Indian Express Mumbai
Mumbai
with all the North Indian editions, while the Southern editions were grouped as Express Madurai Ltd. with Chennai
Chennai
as headquarters.

HEADQUARTERS

The Express Group has a Mumbai-headquartered division, which should not be confused with Express Publications Madurai
Madurai
, which has a South Indian chain of newspapers, including The New Indian Express
The New Indian Express
a separate corporate entity from The Express Group.

AWARDS

* Ramnath Goenka Excellence in Journalism Awards * Ramnath Goenka India Press Photo Awards * Screen Awards * FE Women in Business Awards * Intelligent Enterprise Awards * Security Strategist Awards * Uptime Champion Awards * Express TravelWorld Awards * Pharma Excellence Awards * Healthcare Excellence Awards

SEE ALSO

* Mumbai
Mumbai
portal * Journalism portal

* Indian Express Group * Express Avenue * List of newspapers in India by circulation * List of newspapers in the world by circulation * The New Indian Express
The New Indian Express

REFERENCES

* ^ - Raj Kamal Jha made new chief editor * ^ Kaminsky, Arnold. India Today- an encyclopedia of life in the republic. p. 340.