The Hindu is an Indian daily newspaper, headquartered in Chennai. It
was started as a weekly in 1878 and became a daily in 1889.
It is one of the Indian newspapers of record and
the second most circulated English-language newspaper in India, after
The Times of India.
The newspaper and other publications in
The Hindu Group are owned by a
family-held company, Kasturi and Sons Ltd. The newspaper employed over
1,600 workers and annual turnover reached almost $200
million according to data from 2010. Most of the revenue
comes from advertising and subscription.
The Hindu became, in 1995,
the first Indian newspaper to offer an online edition.
As of March 2018,
The Hindu is published from 21 locations across 11
states: Bengaluru, Chennai, Hyderabad, Thiruvananthapuram, Vijayawada,
Kolkata, Mumbai, Coimbatore, Madurai, Noida, Visakhapatnam, Kochi,
Mangaluru, Tiruchirappalli, Hubballi, Mohali, Allahabad, Kozhikode,
Cuttack and Patna.
2 Modern history
4 Managing directors
6 Online presence
8.1 Bias allegations
9 See also
11 Further reading
12 External links
The Hindu was founded in
Madras on 20 September 1878 as a weekly
newspaper, by what was known then as the Triplicane Six consisting of
4 law students and 2 teachers:- T. T. Rangacharya, P. V. Rangacharya,
D. Kesava Rao Pantulu and N. Subba Rao Pantulu, led by G. Subramania
Iyer (a school teacher from Tanjore district) and M.
Veeraraghavacharyar, a lecturer at Pachaiyappa's College.
Started in order to support the campaign of
Sir T. Muthuswamy Iyer
Sir T. Muthuswamy Iyer for
a judgeship at the
Madras High Court and to counter the propaganda
against him carried out by the
The Hindu was one
of the many newspapers of the period established to protest the
policies of the British Raj. About 100 copies of the inaugural issue
were printed at Srinidhi Press, Georgetown on one rupee and twelves
annas of borrowed money. Subramania Iyer became the first editor and
Veera Raghavacharya, the first managing director of the
The paper was initially printed from Srinidhi Press but later moved to
Scottish Press, then to
The Hindu Press, Mylapore. Started as a weekly
newspaper, the paper became a tri-weekly in 1883 and an evening daily
in 1889. A single copy of the newspaper was priced at four annas. The
offices moved to rented premises at 100
Mount Road on 3 December 1883.
The newspaper started printing at its own press there, named "The
National Press," which was established on borrowed capital as public
subscriptions were not forthcoming. The building itself became The
Hindu's in 1892, after the Maharaja of Vizianagaram, Pusapati
Ananda Gajapati Raju, gave The National Press a loan both for the
building and to carry out needed expansion.
The Hindu was initially liberal in its outlook and is now considered
left leaning. Its editorial stances have earned it the nickname, the
Maha Vishnu of Mount Road'. "From the new address, 100
Mount Road, which was to remain The Hindu's home till 1939, there
issued a quarto-size paper with a front-page full of
advertisements—a practice that came to an end only in 1958 when it
followed the lead of its idol, the pre-Thomson Times [London]—and
three back pages also at the service of the advertiser. In between,
there were more views than news." After 1887, when the
annual session of
Indian National Congress
Indian National Congress was held in Madras, the
paper's coverage of national news increased significantly, and led to
the paper becoming an evening daily starting 1 April
The partnership between Veeraraghavachariar and Subramania Iyer was
dissolved in October 1898. Iyer quit the paper and Veeraraghavachariar
became the sole owner and appointed
C. Karunakara Menon as editor.
However, The Hindu's adventurousness began to decline in the 1900s
and so did its circulation, which was down to 800 copies when the sole
proprietor decided to sell out. The purchaser was The Hindu's
Legal Adviser from 1895, S. Kasturi Ranga Iyengar, a
politically ambitious lawyer who had migrated from a Kumbakonam
village to practise in
Coimbatore and from thence to
In the late 1985s, when its ownership passed into the hands of the
family's younger members, a change in
political leaning was observed. Worldpress.org lists
The Hindu as a
left-leaning independent newspaper. Joint managing
N. Murali said in July 2003, "It is true that our readers
have been complaining that some of our reports are partial and lack
objectivity. But it also depends on reader beliefs." N.
Ram was appointed on 27 June 2003 as its editor-in-chief with a
mandate to "improve the structures and other mechanisms to uphold and
strengthen quality and objectivity in news reports and opinion
pieces", authorised to "restructure the editorial framework and
functions in line with the competitive environment". On 3
and 23 September 2003, the reader's letters column carried responses
from readers saying the editorial was biased.
An editorial in August 2003 observed that the newspaper was affected
by the 'editorialising as news reporting' virus, and expressed a
determination to buck the trend, restore the professionally sound
lines of demarcation, and strengthen objectivity and factuality in its
In 1987–88, The Hindu's coverage of the Bofors arms deal scandal, a
series of document-backed exclusives, set the terms of the national
political discourse on this subject. The Bofors scandal
broke in April 1987 with Swedish Radio alleging that bribes had been
paid to top Indian political leaders, officials and Army officers in
return for the Swedish arms manufacturing company winning a hefty
contract with the Government of India for the purchase of 155 mm
howitzers. During a six-month period, the newspaper published scores
of copies of original papers that documented the secret payments,
amounting to $50 million, into Swiss bank accounts, the agreements
behind the payments, communications relating to the payments and the
crisis response, and other material. The investigation was led by a
part-time correspondent of The Hindu, Chitra Subramaniam, reporting
from Geneva, and was supported by Ram in Chennai. The scandal was a
major embarrassment to the party in power at the centre, the Indian
National Congress, and its leader Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi. The
paper's editorial accused the Prime Minister of being party to massive
fraud and cover-up.
In 1991, Deputy Editor N. Ravi, Ram's younger brother, replaced G.
Kasturi as editor. Nirmala Lakshman, Kasturi Srinivasan's
granddaughter and the first woman in the company to hold an editorial
or managerial role, became Joint Editor of
The Hindu and her sister,
Malini Parthasarathy, Executive Editor.
In 2003, the
Jayalalitha government of the state of Tamil Nadu, of
Chennai is the capital, filed cases against
The Hindu for breach
of privilege of the state legislative body. The move was perceived as
a government's assault on freedom of the press. The paper garnered
support from the journalistic community.
On 21 July 2011, Siddharth Varadarajan, the national bureau chief of
The Hindu, was appointed editor of
The Hindu (made effective from 30
July 2011), a move that triggered the resignations of three members of
the family from their senior editorial positions:
N. Ravi resigned as
Malini Parthasarathy as executive editor and Nirmala Lakshman
as the joint editor. A fourth member of the family, N. Murali,
announced his retirement on attaining the age of 65 on 11 August 2011.
They remain on the board of directors. Varadarajan was named by N.
Ram, the editor-in-chief to succeed him.
On 2 April 2013
The Hindu started "
The Hindu in School" with S.
Shivakumar as editor. This is a new edition for young readers, to be
distributed through schools as part of The Hindu's "Newspaper in
Education" programme. It covers the day's important news developments,
features, sports, and regional news. On 16 September 2013,
The Hindu group launched its Tamil edition with K. Ashokan as
On 21 October 2013, changes have been made in Editorial as well as
business of The Hindu N.Ravi has taken over as
The Hindu and
Malini Parthasarathy as Editor of The
Hindu. In a consequence, Siddarth Varadarajan has submitted his
N. Ram has become Chairman of Kasturi & Sons Limited
and Publisher of
The Hindu and Group publications; and N. Murali,
Co-Chairman of the company.
During the 2015 South Indian floods, for the first time since its
founding in 1878, the newspaper did not publish a print edition in
Chennai market on 2 December, as workers were unable to reach the
On 5 January 2016, Malini Parthasarathy, the Editor of the newspaper,
resigned with immediate effect. It was reported by the media that she
resigned her post, citing "general dissatisfaction" with her
performance. However, she
continues to be a Wholetime Director of Kasturi & Sons
The newspaper has foreign bureaus in eleven locations –
Islamabad, Colombo, Dhaka, Kathmandu, Beijing, Moscow, Paris, Dubai,
Washington, D.C., London, and most recently Addis Ababa.
Over the course of its history the Kasturi Ranga Iyengar family has
The Hindu through the presence of family in editorial and
business operations as well as on the Board. It was headed by G.
Kasturi from 1965 to 1991,
N. Ravi from 1991 to 2003, and by his
brother, N. Ram, from 27 June 2003 to 18 January 2012.[citation
As of 2010, there are 12 directors in the board of Kasturi &
A close up view of the entrance to Kasturi Buildings, the head
office of The Hindu
M. Veeraraghavachariar (1878–1904)
S. Kasturi Ranga Iyengar
S. Kasturi Ranga Iyengar (1904–1923)
K. Srinivasan (1923–1959)
G. Narasimhan (1959–1977)
N. Ram (1977–2011)
K. Balaji (2011–2012)
Rajiv C Lochan (2013- 2019)
L V Navaneeth(2019 - present)
G. Subramania Iyer
G. Subramania Iyer (1878–1898)
C. Karunakara Menon (1898–1905)
Kasturi Ranga Iyengar (1905–1923)
S. Rangaswami Iyengar
S. Rangaswami Iyengar (1923–1926)
K. Srinivasan (1926–1928)
A. Rangaswami Iyengar
A. Rangaswami Iyengar (1928–1934)
K. Srinivasan (1934–1959)
S. Parthasarathy (1959–1965)
G. Kasturi (1965–1991)
N. Ravi (1991–2003)
N. Ram (2003–2012)
Siddharth Varadarajan (2012–2013)
N. Ravi (2013–2015)
Malini Parthasarathy (2015–2016)
Mukund Padmanabhan (2016–2019)
Suresh Nambath (2019–present)
The Hindu was the first newspaper in India to have a website, launched
On 15 August 2009, the 130-year-old newspaper launched the beta
version of its redesigned website at beta.thehindu.com. This was the
first redesign of its website since its launch. On 24 June 2010 the
beta version of the website went fully live at
The Times listed
The Hindu as one of the world's ten best
newspapers. Discussing each of its choices in separate articles, The
The Hindu takes the general seriousness to lengths of severity...
published in Madras, [it] is the only newspaper which in spite of
being published only in a provincial capital is regularly and
attentively read in Delhi. It is read not only as a distant and
authoritative voice on national affairs but as an expression of the
most liberal—and least provincial—southern attitudes... Its Delhi
Bureau gives it outstanding political and economic dispatches and it
carries regular and frequent reports from all state capitals, so
giving more news from states, other than its own, than most newspapers
in India... It might fairly be described as a national voice with a
The Hindu can claim to be the most respected paper in
In 1968, the American Newspaper Publishers' Association awarded The
Hindu its World Press Achievement Award. An extract from the citation
"Throughout nearly a century of its publication
The Hindu has exerted
wide influence not only in
Madras but throughout India. Conservative
in both tone and appearance, it has wide appeal to the
English-speaking segment of the population and wide readership among
government officials and business leaders...
The Hindu has provided
its readers a broad and balanced news coverage, enterprising reporting
and a sober and thoughtful comment... [It] has provided its country a
model of journalistic excellence... [It] has fought for a greater
measure of humanity for India and its people... [and] has not confined
itself to a narrow chauvinism. Its Correspondents stationed in the
major capitals of the world furnish
The Hindu with world-wide news
coverage... For its championing of reason over emotion, for its
dedication to principle even in the face of criticism and popular
disapproval, for its confidence in the future, it has earned the
respect of its community, its country, and the world."
The Hindu in Anna Salai, Chennai
In a family feud, one of the editors of
The Hindu accused the daily of
being left-leaning; and, not as aggressive in its reporting as during
the Bofors scandal. But some readers have also
praised the daily for covering the recent scandals such as Rafale deal
controversy without bias. 
For instance, many advocates for the rights of
Sri Lankan Tamils
Sri Lankan Tamils have
The Hindu of pro-Sinhalese bias. And following
opinion pieces published by the former editor of The Hindu, N. Ram,
extolling China's governance of Tibet and other perceived
slights, many commentators have claimed a Sinophilic bias. B. Raman,
director of the South Asia Analysis Group said, The Hindu's "
sympathy for China and its policy in recent years of keeping out of
its columns any report or article of a negative nature on China is
well known" and that it often placed "its columns at the disposal of
the Xinhua news agency... without telling its readers that the Xinhua
is a mouthpiece of the Chinese Government".
The Hindu Business Line
The Hindu Group
List of newspapers in India
List of newspapers in India by readership
The Hindu Literary Prize
Lit for Life
^ "Changes at the Helm: Editorial and Business". The Hindu. Chennai,
India. 22 October 2013. Retrieved 22 October 2013..mw-parser-output
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The Hoot, 20 April 2011
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The Hindu very divided family". The Indian Express. Retrieved 25 March
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Retrieved 20 April 2006.
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