THE HERSHEY COMPANY, known until April 2005 as the HERSHEY FOODS
CORPORATION and commonly called HERSHEY\'S, is one of the largest
chocolate manufacturers in
North America . Its headquarters are in
Pennsylvania , which is also home to Hershey\'s Chocolate
World . It was founded by
Milton S. Hershey in 1894 as the HERSHEY
CHOCOLATE COMPANY, a subsidiary of his
Lancaster Caramel Company .
Hershey's products are sold in over 60 countries worldwide. In
addition, Hershey is a member of the
World Cocoa Foundation . It is
also associated with the
Hersheypark Stadium and the
Giant Center .
* 1 History
* 1.1 Early years
* 1.2 Hershey,
* 1.3 Hershey\'s Kisses
* 1.4 Labor troubles
* 1.5 M"> The Hershey\'s
Chocolate World store in
Times Square ,
New York City
New York City (2008) Hershey's Syrup, circa 1950s
Hershey Store located in the Falls Avenue Entertainment Complex in
Niagara Falls, Canada
After an apprenticeship to a confectioner in 1873, Milton S. Hershey
founded a candy shop in
Philadelphia . This candy shop was only open
for six years, after which Hershey apprenticed with another
confectioner in Denver, where he learned to make caramel . After
another failed business attempt in New York, Hershey returned to
Pennsylvania, where in 1886 he founded the
Lancaster Caramel Company .
The use of fresh milk in caramels proved successful, and in 1900,
after seeing chocolate-making machines for the first time at the 1893
World\'s Columbian Exposition in Chicago, Hershey sold his caramel
company for $1,000,000 (equal to $28,788,000 today), and began to
concentrate on chocolate manufacturing, stating to people who
questioned him, "Caramels are just a fad, but chocolate is a permanent
In 1896, Milton built a milk-processing plant so he could create and
refine a recipe for milk chocolate candies. In 1899, he developed the
Hershey process , which is less sensitive to milk quality than
traditional methods. In 1900, he began manufacturing Hershey\'s Milk
Chocolate Bars , also called Hershey's Bars or Hershey Bars.
Hershey's Cocoa ad from 1918
In 1903, Hershey began construction of a chocolate plant in his
hometown of Derry Church,
Pennsylvania , which later came to be known
Pennsylvania . The town was an inexpensive place for the
workers and their families to live. Milton treated the people well and
provided leisure activities to make sure the citizens enjoyed
themselves. The milk chocolate bars manufactured at this plant proved
popular, and the company grew rapidly.
In 1907, he introduced a new candy, bite-sized, flat-bottomed,
conical-shaped pieces of chocolate that he named "Hershey\'s Kiss ".
Initially, they were individually wrapped by hand in squares of
aluminum foil, and the introduction of machine wrapping in 1921
simplified the process while adding the small paper ribbon to the top
of the package to indicate that it was a genuine Hershey product.
Today, 80 million of the candies are produced each day. Other products
Mr. Goodbar (1925), containing peanuts in milk
chocolate, Hershey's Syrup (1926), semisweet chocolate chips (1928),
Krackel bar containing crisped rice (1938).
Labor unrest came to Hershey in the late 1930s as a Congress of
Industrial Organizations -backed union attempted to organize the
factory workers. A failed sit-down strike in 1937 ended in violence,
as loyalist workers and local dairy farmers beat many of the strikers
as they attempted to leave the plant. By 1940, an affiliate of the
American Federation of Labor had successfully organized Hershey's
workers under the leadership of John Shearer , who became the first
president of Local Chapter Number 464 of the Bakery, Confectionery,
Tobacco Workers and Grain Millers\' International Union . Local 464
still represents the Hershey workforce.
World War II
World War II , Bruce Murrie , son of long-time
Hershey's president William F.R. Murrie , struck a deal with Forrest
Mars to create a hard sugar-coated chocolate that would be called M
Lancaster, Pennsylvania ; Hazleton,
Pennsylvania ; Memphis, Tennessee
Robinson, Illinois , and Guadalajara , Mexico.
Visitors to Hershey can experience Hershey\'s
visitors center and its simulated tour ride. Public tours were once
operated in the
Pennsylvania and California factories, which ended in
Pennsylvania in 1973 as soon as Hershey's
Chocolate World opened, and
later in California following the September 11, 2001, attacks, due to
On September 18, 2012, Hershey opened a new and expanded West Hershey
plant. The plant was completed at a budget of $300 million.
OTHER SALES AND ACQUISITIONS
In 1969, Hershey received a license from Rowntree\'s to manufacture
Kit Kat and
Rolo in the United States. As of September
2013, Hershey continued to make and market these brands in the U.S.
under license from
Nestlé , owners of the Rowntree brand. That
license would be revoked and revert to
Nestlé if Hershey is sold. In
1977, Hershey acquired Y "to sourcing 100% Fair Trade Certified™
cocoa beans by 2012 for at least one of its top five selling chocolate
bars … making at least one additional top five selling bar 100% Fair
Trade Certified™ every two years thereafter"; and that "the majority
of Hershey's cocoa across all products will be Fair Trade Certified™
by 2022." Pressure was particularly directed at
Whole Foods Market ,
which announced on October 3, 2012 that it would cease carrying
Hershey's Scharffen Berger line. The Campaign stated that "Whole
Foods’ decision follows more than 40 natural food retailers and
coops publicly expressing concern about carrying Scharffen Berger and
Dagoba products as a consequence of the giant chocolate maker's
refusal to address child labor in its supply chain." The same day,
Hershey's announced, "it will source 100 percent certified cocoa for
its global chocolate product lines by 2020 and accelerate its programs
to help eliminate child labor in the cocoa regions of West Africa."
* Companies portal
Wikimedia Commons has media related to HERSHEY COMPANY .
List of products manufactured by The Hershey Company
List of food companies
Pennsylvania chocolate workers\' strike, 1937
* Brenner, Joël Glenn (2000). The Emperors of Chocolate: Inside the
Secret World of Hershey & Mars . Broadway Books. ISBN 0-7679-0457-5 .
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* ^ "
Elizabethtown College -Honors Program".
* ^ "Hershey Announces Clinton Global Initiative Commitment to
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* ^ "Hershey Dominates US Market, but Lags Behind Competitors in
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* ^ Nerenberg, Jenara (October 5, 2010). "Hershey Gets a
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* ^ A B "Whole Foods Drops Hershey\'s Scharffen Berger Chocolates
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* ^ "Hershey to Source 100% Certified Cocoa by 2020". The Hershey
company. October 3, 2012. Retrieved February 8, 2013.