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_THE GUARDIAN WEEKLY_ is an internationally focused English-language newspaper based in London, UK. It is one of the world's oldest international newspapers and has readers in more than 170 countries. Editorial content is drawn from its sister publications, the British daily newspaper _ The Guardian _ and Sunday newspaper _ The Observer _, and all three are published by the Guardian Media Group and owned by The Scott Trust Limited . _The Weekly_ also contains articles from _ The Washington Post _.

_ The Guardian Weekly_ is edited by Abby Deveney, who succeeded Natalie Bennett in March 2012. The editorial team in 2016 included Deveney, deputy editor Graham Snowdon, production editor Neil Willis, deputy production editor Emily El-Nusairi and assistant editors Isobel Montgomery and Jim Falzarano.

CONTENTS

* 1 History

* 1.1 Early years * 1.2 Evolution and editorship 1969-2007 * 1.3 Since 2007

* 2 Format * 3 Worldwide readership * 4 Notable readers * 5 References * 6 External links

HISTORY

EARLY YEARS

The first edition of the _MANCHESTER GUARDIAN WEEKLY_ was printed on 4 July 1919, a week after the signing of the Treaty of Versailles . The _MANCHESTER GUARDIAN_ viewed itself as a leading liberal voice and wanted to extend its reach, particularly in the United States , in the changing political climate after the First World War . _The Weekly_ had the stated aim of "presenting what is best and most interesting in the _Manchester Guardian_, what is most distinctive and independent of time, in a compact weekly form". The initial reception was good. Before long the _Manchester Guardian_ could boast “there is scarcely a corner of the civilised world to which it is not being posted regularly”, although it is worth noting that the newspaper was banned in Germany by Hitler for a time.

EVOLUTION AND EDITORSHIP 1969-2007

For a large part of its early life the newspaper was a half-broadsheet format. Initially the notion of ‘the best of the _Guardian_’ meant a weighty opinion piece for the front page. It evolved, under the editorship of John Perkin, in 1969, to include the use of pictures on the front page.

In 1971, the English edition of the French daily newspaper _Le Monde _ folded and the _Weekly_ took on its 12,000-strong subscription list as well as four pages of _Le Monde_ copy. A content deal was made with the _Washington Post_ in 1975. Dedicated pages from both publications augmented _Guardian_ articles until a redesign in 1993, under new editor Patrick Ensor, led to their articles appearing across the _Weekly_. In the same year, content from _The Observer_ began to appear after the UK Sunday title was purchased by Guardian Media Group.

Around this time the _Weekly_ relocated from Cheadle , to the south of Manchester, to join the rest of the _Guardian_ in London. This move afforded the _Weekly_ better access to editors, leader writers and news features. In 1991, technological advances enabled the first transmission by modem of pages to an Australian print site. Under Ensor’s editorship, the paper began to be produced using the desktop publishing program Quark XPress . It became a tabloid-sized publication; then, in 2005, when the daily _Guardian_ newspaper converted from a broadsheet to the smaller, Berliner format, the _Guardian Weekly_ shrank to a half-Berliner while increasing pagination to its now-standard 48 pages. Full-colour printing was also introduced. By the end of Ensor’s editorship, curtailed by his death from cancer in 2007, more advances in technology meant that even _Weekly_ readers in the most remote locations were able to access the internet.

SINCE 2007

The appointment of Natalie Bennett as Ensor’s successor coincided with the _Guardian_’s move to a digital-first publishing strategy. Breaking news stories were now launched on the Guardian’s fast-growing website , rather than held back to meet print deadlines. In 2007 a digital edition of the _Guardian Weekly_ was created, an editor’s blog was added and a presence on social media sites Facebook and Twitter came soon after. The _Guardian Weekly_ can be found online at theguardian.com/weekly, where subscription information is also available. During her editorship, Australian Bennett emphasised the need for the _Weekly_’s agenda to be truly global and increased its coverage of environmental issues and the developing world. Her passion for environmental politics led to her departure from the paper in 2012. She would go on to become the leader of the Green Party of England and Wales until 2016.

_ The Guardian Weekly_’s evolution has continued under Abby Deveney, a newspaper, newswire and web editor with more than three decades of international experience living and working in North America, Asia and Europe. Under Canadian Deveney, the _Weekly_ has embraced long-form journalism, with a greater emphasis on insightful writing, deep analysis and lively features that showcase a well-rounded world view. Reportage of global themes and trends now features on the front page, while the back page is a stage for the _Guardian_’s influential opinion writers. Her global experience ensures that _the Weekly_ never comes from one geographical perspective. This aim has been aided by the launch in 2011 of a Guardian US website, edited from New York City, followed two years later by a Sydney-based Guardian Australia site, which greatly increased the Weekly’s coverage opportunities in these key territories.

FORMAT

The paper is printed at sites in the UK , Australia and the United States in a full-colour, half-Berliner format. The standard publication runs to 48 pages with one 64-page edition around the Christmas period.

WORLDWIDE READERSHIP

Britain, Australia, the United States and Canada are the _Guardian Weekly’_s top markets, followed by New Zealand , France and Germany . With a following in more than 170 countries, the _Weekly_’s audience is spread around the world.

Each week, readers are encouraged to introduce themselves to fellow subscribers in a Good to Meet You feature, which began in 2012.

Surveys reveal that some 60% of subscribers had taken the paper for more than a decade. Readership tends towards a well-educated demographic. The typical reader is aged over 45, educated to at least degree level and either working in or retired from education, with a 59-41 male-female split.

Readers typify their reasons for subscribing: a family habit of taking the _Manchester Guardian_, followed by a spell working abroad in development or teaching, then retirement or emigration (often to Australia, New Zealand or North America). Others often report their route to initiation into the _Guardian Weekly_ family came by having a copy passed along to them in a workplace or during a secondment.

NOTABLE READERS

The paper's readers include many world statesmen, including the late Nelson Mandela , who subscribed during his time in prison and described the paper as his "window on the wider world". George W. Bush was reportedly the first President of the United States since Jimmy Carter not to subscribe to the _Guardian Weekly_.

REFERENCES

* ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ _D_ _E_ staff, Guardian Weekly (2016-12-20). "A short history of the Guardian Weekly: celebrating our success". _The Guardian_. ISSN 0261-3077 . Retrieved 2017-03-01. * ^ office, GNM press (2012-03-20). "New Editor for Guardian Weekly". _The Guardian_. ISSN 0261-3077 . Retrieved 2017-03-01. * ^ "Guardian timeline". _The Guardian_. 2002-06-10. ISSN 0261-3077 . Retrieved 2017-03-01. * ^ "From the archive, 8 April 1933: The Manchester Guardian forbidden in Germany". _The Guardian_. 2015-04-08. ISSN 0261-3077 . Retrieved 2017-03-01. * ^ Lewis, James (2002-02-14). "John Perkin". _The Guardian_. ISSN 0261-3077 . Retrieved 2017-03-01. * ^ "Observer timeline". _The Guardian_. 2002-06-10. ISSN 0261-3077 . Retrieved 2017-03-01. * ^ Guardian, The (2008-12-15). "The final hours of the Guardian at Farringdon Road". _the Guardian_. Retrieved 2017-03-01. * ^ Department, Guardian Research (2011-06-09). "12 September 2005: The launch of the Berliner Guardian". _The Guardian_. ISSN 0261-3077 . Retrieved 2017-03-01. * ^ McNay, Michael (2007-07-03). "Patrick Ensor". _The Guardian_. ISSN 0261-3077 . Retrieved 2017-03-01. * ^ "Natalie Bennett". _the Guardian_. Retrieved 2017-03-01. * ^ "Guardian Weekly". _the Guardian_. Retrieved 2017-03-01. * ^ "Inside Guardian Weekly News". _the Guardian_. Retrieved 2017-03-01. * ^ "Security Check Required". _www.facebook.com_. Retrieved 2017-03-01. * ^ "G