HOME
The Info List - The Godfather



--- Advertisement ---


_THE GODFATHER_ is a 1972 American crime film directed by Francis Ford Coppola and produced by Albert S. Ruddy , based on Mario Puzo 's best-selling novel of the same name . It stars Marlon Brando and Al Pacino as the leaders of a fictional New York crime family. The story, spanning 1945 to 1955, chronicles the family under the patriarch Vito Corleone , focusing on the transformation of Michael Corleone (Pacino) from reluctant family outsider to ruthless mafia boss .

Paramount Pictures obtained the rights to the novel for the price of $80,000, before it gained popularity. Studio executives had trouble finding a director; their first few candidates turned down the position. They and Coppola disagreed over who would play several characters, in particular, Vito and Michael. Filming was done on location and completed earlier than scheduled. The musical score was composed primarily by Nino Rota with additional pieces by Carmine Coppola .

The film was the highest-grossing film of 1972 and was for a time the highest-grossing film ever made . It won the Oscars for Best Picture , Best Actor (Brando) and Best Adapted Screenplay (for Puzo and Coppola). Its seven other Oscar nominations included Pacino, James Caan , and Robert Duvall for Best Supporting Actor and Coppola for Best Director . It was followed by sequels _ The Godfather Part II _ (1974) and _ The Godfather Part III _ (1990).

_The Godfather_ is widely regarded as one of the greatest films in world cinema and one of the most influential, especially in the gangster genre. It was selected for preservation in the U.S. National Film Registry of the Library of Congress in 1990, being deemed "culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant" and is ranked the second-greatest film in American cinema (behind _ Citizen Kane _) by the American Film Institute .

CONTENTS

* 1 Plot * 2 Cast

* 3 Production

* 3.1 Development

* 3.2 Direction

* 3.2.1 Coppola and Paramount

* 3.3 Writing * 3.4 Casting * 3.5 Filming * 3.6 Music

* 4 Release

* 4.1 Box office * 4.2 Critical response

* 4.3 Accolades

* 4.3.1 American Film Institute recognition

* 5 Cinematic influence

* 5.1 Popular culture and legacy * 5.2 Television

* 6 Home media

* 6.1 _The Godfather: The Coppola Restoration_ * 6.2 Video game

* 7 See also * 8 Notes * 9 References * 10 Bibliography * 11 External links

PLOT

In 1945, at his daughter Connie's wedding, Vito Corleone hears requests in his role as the Godfather, the Don of a New York crime family. Vito's youngest son, Michael , who was a Marine during World War II , introduces his girlfriend, Kay Adams , to his family at the reception. Johnny Fontane , a famous singer and Vito's godson , seeks Vito's help in securing a movie role; Vito dispatches his consigliere , Tom Hagen , to Los Angeles to persuade the obnoxious studio head Jack Woltz , into giving Johnny the part. Woltz refuses until he wakes up in bed with the severed head of his prized stallion .

Shortly before Christmas, drug baron Virgil "The Turk" Sollozzo , backed by the Tattaglia crime family, asks Vito for investment in his narcotics business and protection through his political connections. Wary of involvement in a dangerous new trade that risks alienating political insiders, Vito declines. Suspicious, Vito sends his enforcer, Luca Brasi , to spy on them. However, a Tattaglia button man garrotes Brasi during Brasi's first meeting with Bruno Tattaglia and Sollozzo. Later Sollozzo has Vito gunned down in the street, then kidnaps Hagen. With Corleone first-born Sonny in command, Sollozzo pressures Hagen to persuade Sonny to accept Sollozzo's deal, then releases him. The family receives fish wrapped in Brasi's bullet-proof vest, indicating that Luca "sleeps with the fishes." Vito survives, and at the hospital Michael thwarts another attempt on his father; Michael's jaw is broken by NYPD Captain Marc McCluskey, Sollozzo's bodyguard. Sonny retaliates with a hit on Bruno Tattaglia. Michael plots to murder Sollozzo and McCluskey: on the pretext of settling the dispute, Michael agrees to meet them in a Bronx restaurant. There, retrieving a planted handgun, he kills both men.

Despite a clampdown by the authorities, the Five Families erupt in open warfare and Vito's sons fear for their safety. Michael takes refuge in Sicily and Fredo is sheltered by Moe Greene in Las Vegas . Sonny attacks his brother-in-law Carlo on the street for abusing his sister and threatens to kill him if it happens again. When it does, Sonny speeds to their home, but is ambushed at a highway toll booth and riddled with submachine gun fire. While in Sicily, Michael meets and marries Apollonia Vitelli, but a car bomb intended for him takes her life.

Devastated by Sonny's death, Vito moves to end the feuds. Realizing that the Tattaglias are controlled by the now-dominant Don Emilio Barzini , Vito assures the Five Families that he will withdraw his opposition to their heroin business and forgo avenging his son's murder. His safety guaranteed, Michael returns home to enter the family business and marry Kay, who gives birth to two children by the early 1950s.

With his father at the end of his career and his brother too weak, Michael takes the family reins, promising his wife the business will be legitimate within five years. To that end, he insists Hagen relocate to Las Vegas and relinquish his role to Vito because Tom is not a "wartime consigliere"; Vito agrees Tom should "have no part in what will happen" in the coming battles with rival families. When Michael travels to Las Vegas to buy out Greene's stake in the family's casinos, their partner derides the Corleones for being run out of New York; Michael is dismayed to see that Fredo has fallen under Greene's sway.

Vito suffers a fatal heart attack . At the funeral, Tessio , a Corleone capo , asks Michael to meet with Don Barzini, signalling the betrayal that Vito had forewarned. The meeting is set for the same day as the christening of Connie’s baby. While Michael stands at the altar as the child's godfather, Corleone assassins murder the other New York dons and Moe Greene. Tessio is executed for his treachery and Michael extracts Carlo’s confession to his complicity in setting up Sonny's murder for Barzini. A Corleone capo, Clemenza , garrotes Carlo with a wire. Connie accuses Michael of the murder, telling Kay that Michael ordered all the killings. Kay is relieved when Michael finally denies it, but, when the capos arrive, they address her husband as Don Corleone, and she watches as they close the door on her.

CAST

Al Pacino as Michael Corleone Marlon Brando as Vito Corleone

* Marlon Brando , in the title role, is Vito Corleone (born Vito Andolini), the Don of the Corleone crime family . A native Sicilian , he is married to Carmela Corleone and the father of Tom (adoptive), Sonny, Fredo, Michael, and Connie. * Al Pacino as Michael Corleone , the Don's third son, recently returned from World War II. The only college-educated family member, he is initially steered from the family business. His progression from the family's last-born son to its ruthless boss is the main subject matter of the film. * James Caan as Santino "Sonny" Corleone , Don Corleone's hot-headed eldest son. As underboss , he is the heir-apparent to succeed his father as head of the Corleone family. * Robert Duvall as Tom Hagen , Don Corleone's informally adopted son, he is the family lawyer and _consigliere _. Unlike the Corleones, he is of German -Irish descent, not Sicilian. * Diane Keaton as Kay Adams-Corleone , Michael's non-Italian girlfriend and his second wife and mother of his two children. * John Cazale as Frederico "Fredo" Corleone , the middle son of the Corleone family. Deeply insecure and not very bright, he is considered the weakest Corleone brother. * Talia Shire as Constanzia "Connie" Corleone , the youngest child and only daughter of the Corleone family. Her wedding reception begins the film. * Gianni Russo as Carlo Rizzi , Connie's abusive husband. Introduced to the Corleone family by Sonny, whom he ultimately betrays to the Barzini family. * Richard S. Castellano as Peter Clemenza , a caporegime for the Corleone family. He is an old friend of Vito Corleone and Salvatore Tessio. * Abe Vigoda as Salvatore Tessio , a caporegime for the Corleone family. He is an old friend of Vito Corleone and Peter Clemenza. * Al Lettieri as Virgil "The Turk" Sollozzo , a heroin dealer associated with the Tattaglia family. He seeks both financial investment and the protection of the Tattaglia family's narcotics business through Don Corleone's political connections. * Sterling Hayden as Captain Mark McCluskey , a corrupt NYPD police captain on Sollozzo's payroll . * Lenny Montana as Luca Brasi , Vito Corleone's enforcer . * Richard Conte as Emilio Barzini , Don of the Barzini family. * Al Martino as Johnny Fontane , a world-famous singer and Vito's godson . The character is loosely based on Frank Sinatra . * John Marley as Jack Woltz , a powerful Hollywood producer. * Alex Rocco as Moe Greene , a longtime associate of the Corleone family who owns a Las Vegas hotel. The character is based on Bugsy Siegel . * Morgana King as Carmela Corleone , Vito's wife and mother of Sonny, Fredo, Michael, and Connie, and adoptive mother to Tom Hagen . * Salvatore Corsitto as Amerigo Bonasera , a mortician who, in the opening scene, asks Don Corleone for revenge against two boys who severely beat and attempted to rape his daughter. * Corrado Gaipa as Don Tommasino , an old friend of Vito Corleone, who shelters Michael during his exile in Sicily. * Franco Citti as Calò, Michael's bodyguard in Sicily. * Angelo Infanti as Fabrizio, Michael's bodyguard in Sicily. He helped set up the assassination attempt on Michael that kills Apollonia. * Johnny Martino as Paulie Gatto , a soldier under Peter Clemenza and Vito's driver. He is executed for his part in the assassination attempt on Vito. * Victor Rendina as Philip Tattaglia , Don of the Tattaglia family. * Tony Giorgio as Bruno Tattaglia , Philip Tattaglia's son and underboss of the Tattaglia family. Sonny Corleone has him assassinated in retaliation for the shooting of Vito Corleone. * Simonetta Stefanelli as Apollonia Vitelli-Corleone , a young woman Michael meets and marries while in Sicily. She is killed a few months later in an assassination attempt on Michael. * Rudy Bond as Don Cuneo, head of the New York-based Cuneo family . * Louis Guss as Don Zaluchi, Don of the Zaluchi family of Detroit. * Tom Rosqui as Rocco Lampone , a soldier under Clemenza who eventually becomes a caporegime in the Corleone family. * Joe Spinell as Willi Cicci , a soldier in the Corleone family. * Richard Bright as Al Neri , Michael Corleone's personal bodyguard and hitman who eventually becomes a caporegime. * Julie Gregg as Sandra Corleone , Sonny's wife and later widow, and the mother of their four children. * Jeannie Linero as Lucy Mancini , Sonny's mistress. * Sofia Coppola (_uncredited_) as infant Michael Francis Rizzi, the nephew and godson of Michael Corleone.

PRODUCTION

DEVELOPMENT

The film is based on Mario Puzo 's _ The Godfather _; a novel that remained on _The New York Times_ Best Seller list for 67 weeks and sold over nine million copies in two years. Published in 1969, it became the best selling published work in history for several years. Paramount Pictures originally found out about Puzo's novel in 1967 when a literary scout for the company contacted then Paramount Vice President of Production Peter Bart about Puzo's sixty-page unfinished manuscript. Bart believed the work was "much beyond a Mafia story" and offered Puzo a $12,500 option for the work, with an option for $80,000 if the finished work were made into a film. Despite Puzo's agent telling him to turn down the offer, Puzo was desperate for money and accepted the deal. Paramount's Robert Evans relates that, when they met in early 1968, it was he who offered Puzo the $12,500 deal for the 60-page manuscript titled _Mafia_ after the author confided in him that he urgently needed $10,000 to pay off gambling debts.

In March 1967, Paramount announced that they backed Puzo's upcoming work in the hopes of making a film. In 1969, Paramount confirmed their intentions to make a film out of the novel for the price of $80,000, with aims to have the film released on Christmas Day in 1971. On March 23, 1970, Albert S. Ruddy was officially announced as the film's producer, in part because studio executives were impressed with his interview and because he was known for bringing his films in under budget.

DIRECTION

Francis Ford Coppola was selected as director, as Paramount wanted the picture to be directed by an Italian American to make the film "ethnic to the core".

Evans wanted the picture to be directed by an Italian American to make the film "ethnic to the core". Paramount's latest mafia based movie, _The Brotherhood _, had been a box office bomb; Evans believed that the reason for its failure was its almost complete lack of cast members or creative personnel of Italian descent (the director Martin Ritt and star Kirk Douglas were both Jewish). Sergio Leone was Paramount's first choice to direct the film. Leone turned down the option to work on his own gangster film _Once Upon a Time in America _. Peter Bogdanovich was then approached but he also declined the offer because he was not interested in the mafia. In addition, Peter Yates , Richard Brooks , Arthur Penn , Costa-Gavras , and Otto Preminger were all offered the position and declined. Evans' chief assistant Peter Bart suggested Francis Ford Coppola , as a director of Italian ancestry who would work for a low sum and budget after the poor reception of his latest film _ The Rain People _. Coppola initially turned down the job because he found Puzo's novel sleazy and sensationalist, describing it as "pretty cheap stuff". At the time Coppola's studio, American Zoetrope , owed over $400,000 to Warner Bros. for budget overruns with the film _ THX 1138 _ and when coupled with his poor financial standing, along with advice from friends and family, Coppola reversed his initial decision and took the job. Coppola was officially announced as director of the film on September 28, 1970. Paramount had offered twelve other directors the job with _The Godfather_ before Coppola agreed. Coppola agreed to receive $125,000 and six percent of the gross rentals.

Coppola And Paramount

Before _The Godfather_ was in production, Paramount had been going through an unsuccessful period. In addition to the failure of _The Brotherhood_, the studio had usurped their budget for their recent films: _ Darling Lili _, _Paint Your Wagon _, and _Waterloo _. The budget for the film was originally $2.5 million but as the book grew in popularity Coppola argued for and ultimately received a larger budget. Paramount executives wanted the movie to be set in then modern-day Kansas City and shot in the studio backlot in order to cut down on costs. Coppola objected and wanted to set the movie in the same time period as its eponymous novel, the 1940s and 1950s; Coppola's reasons included: Michael Corleone's Marine Corps stint, the emergence of corporate America, and America in the years after World War II. The executives eventually agreed to Coppola's wish as the novel became increasingly successful. The studio heads subsequently let Coppola film on location in New York City and Sicily.

Gulf ">_ Al Pacino (pictured above in The Basic Training of Pavlo Hummel _) was chosen to portray Michael Corleone

Puzo was first to show interest in having Marlon Brando portray Don Vito Corleone by sending a letter to Brando in which he stated Brando was the "only actor who can play the Godfather." Despite Puzo's wishes, the executives at Paramount were against having Brando play the part due to the poor success of his recent films and his short temper. Coppola favored Brando or Laurence Olivier for the role, but Olivier's agent refused the role claiming Olivier was sick; however, Olivier went on to star in _Sleuth _ later that year. The studio mainly pushed for Ernest Borgnine to receive the part. Other considerations were George C. Scott , Richard Conte , Anthony Quinn , and Orson Welles .

After months of debate between Coppola and Paramount over Brando, the two finalists for the role were Borgnine and Brando, the latter of which Paramount president Stanley Jaffe required to perform a screen test. Coppola did not want to offend Brando and stated that he needed to test equipment in order to set up the screen test at Brando's California residence. For make-up, Brando stuck cotton balls in his cheeks, put shoe polish in his hair to darken it, and rolled his collar. Coppola placed Brando's audition tape in the middle of the videos of the audition tapes as the Paramount executives watched them. The executives were impressed with Brando's efforts and allowed Coppola to cast Brando for the role if Brando accepted a lower salary and put up a bond to ensure he would not cause any delays in production.

From the start of production, Coppola wanted Robert Duvall to play the part of Tom Hagen. After screen testing several other actors, Coppola eventually got his wish and Duvall was awarded the part of Tom Hagen. Al Martino , a then famed singer in nightclubs, was notified of the character Johnny Fontane by a friend who read the eponymous novel and felt Martino represented the character of Johnny Fontane. Martino then contacted producer Al Ruddy , who gave him the part. However, Martino was stripped of the part after Coppola became director and then awarded the role to Italian singer Vic Damone . Damone eventually dropped the role because he did not want to play an anti- Italian American character, in addition to being paid too little. According to Martino, after being stripped of the role, he went to his godfather and crime boss Russ Bufalino who then orchestrated the publication of various news articles that talked of how Coppola was unaware of Ruddy giving Martino the part; that, when coupled with pressure from the mafia who felt Martino deserved the role, led Damone to quit as Fontane. Either way, the part of Johnny Fontane ended up with Martino. James Caan (pictured in 1976) was chosen to play Sonny Corleone

Robert De Niro originally was given the part of Paulie Gatto. A spot in _The Gang That Couldn\'t Shoot Straight _ opened up after Al Pacino quit the project in favor of _The Godfather_, which led De Niro to audition for the role and leave _The Godfather_ after receiving the part. After De Niro quit, Johnny Martino was given the role of Gatto. Coppola cast Diane Keaton for the role of Kay Adams due to her reputation for being eccentric . John Cazale was given the part of Fredo Corleone after Coppola saw him perform in an Off Broadway production. Gianni Russo was given the role of Carlo Rizzi after he was asked to perform a screen test in which he acted out the fight between Rizzi and Connie.

Nearing the start of filming on March 29, Michael Corleone had yet to be cast. Paramount executives wanted a popular actor, either Warren Beatty or Robert Redford . Producer Robert Evans wanted Ryan O\'Neal to receive the role in part due to his recent success in _Love Story _. Pacino was Coppola's favorite for the role as he could picture him roaming the Sicilian countryside, and wanted an unknown actor who looked like an Italian-American. However, Paramount executives found Pacino to be too short to play Michael. Dustin Hoffman , Martin Sheen , and James Caan also auditioned. Caan was well received by the Paramount executives and was given the part of Michael initially, while the role of Sonny Corleone was awarded to Carmine Caridi . Coppola still pushed for Pacino to play Michael after the fact and Evans eventually conceded, allowing Pacino to have the role of Michael as long as Caan played Sonny. Evans preferred Caan over Caridi because Caan was seven inches shorter than Caridi, which was much closer to Pacino's height. Despite agreeing to play Michael Corleone, Pacino was contracted to star in MGM's _The Gang That Couldn't Shoot Straight_, but the two studios agreed on a settlement and Pacino was signed by Paramount three weeks before shooting began.

Coppola gave several roles in the film to family members. He gave his sister, Talia Shire , the role of Connie Corleone. His daughter Sofia played Michael Francis Rizzi, Connie's and Carlo's newborn son. Carmine Coppola , his father, appeared in the film as an extra playing a piano during a scene. Coppola's wife, mother, and two sons all appeared as extras in the picture. Several smaller roles, like Luca Brasi , were cast after the filming had started.

FILMING

Before the filming began, the cast received a two-week period for rehearsal, which included a dinner where each actor and actress had to assume character for its duration. Filming was scheduled to begin on March 29, 1971 with the scene between Michael Corleone and Kay Adams as they leave Best however snow never materialized and a snow machine was used. Principal filming in New York continued until July 2, 1971. Coppola asked for a three-week break before heading overseas to film in Sicily. Following the crew's departure for Sicily, Paramount announced that the release date would be moved from December to spring 1972. The Don Barzini assassination scene was filmed on the steps of the New York Supreme Court building on Foley Square in Manhattan

Cinematographer Gordon Willis initially turned down the opportunity to film _The Godfather_ because the production seemed "chaotic" to him. After Willis later accepted the offer, he and Coppola agreed to not use any modern filming devices, helicopters, or zoom lenses. Willis and Coppola chose to use a "tableau format" of filming to make it seem if it was viewed like a painting. He made use of shadows and low light levels throughout the film to showcase psychological developments. Willis and Coppola agreed to interplay light and dark scenes throughout the film. Willis underexposed the film in order to create a "yellow tone." The scenes in Sicily were shot to display the countryside and "display a more romantic land," giving these scenes a "softer, more romantic" feel than the New York scenes. _ 1941 Packard Super Eight featured in The Godfather_

One of the film's most shocking moments involved an actual, severed, horse's head. Coppola received some criticism for the scene, although the head was obtained from a dog-food company from a horse that was to be killed regardless of the film. On June 22, the scene where Sonny is killed was shot on a runway at Mitchel Field in Mineola, where three tollbooths were built, along with guard rails, and billboards to set the scene. Sonny's car was a 1941 Lincoln Continental with holes drilled in it to resemble bullet holes. The scene took three days to film and cost over $100,000.

Coppola's request to film on location was observed; approximately 90 percent was shot in New York City and its surrounding suburbs, using over 120 unique locations. Several scenes were filmed at the Filmways Studio in East Harlem . The remaining portions were filmed in California, or on-site in Sicily, except for the scenes set in Las Vegas because there were insufficient funds to travel there. Savoca and Forza d\'Agrò were the Sicilian towns featured in the film. The opening wedding scene was shot in a Staten Island neighborhood using almost 750 locals as extras. The house used as the Corleone household and the wedding location was at 110 Longfellow Road in the Todt Hill neighborhood of Staten Island. The wall around the Corleone compound was made from styrofoam . Scenes set in and around the Corleone olive oil business were filmed on Mott Street .

After filming had ended on August 7, post-production efforts were focused on trimming the film to a manageable length. In addition, producers and director were still including and removing different scenes from the end product, along with trimming certain sequences. In September, the first rough cut of the film was viewed. Of the scenes removed from the film, many were centered around Sonny because they did not advance the plot. By November, Coppola and Ruddy finished the semifinal cut. Debates over personnel involved with the final editing remained even 25 years after the release of the film. The film began to be shown to Paramount staff and exhibitors in late December and going into the new year.

MUSIC

See also: The Godfather (soundtrack)

_ Love theme from The Godfather_ The famous theme, composed by Larry Kusic and Nino Rota . -------------------------

_Problems playing this file? See media help ._

Coppola hired Italian composer Nino Rota to create the underscore for the film, including the main theme, " Speak Softly Love ". For the score, Rota was to relate to the situations and characters in the film. Rota synthesized new music for the film and took some parts from his _Fortunella _ score, in order to create an Italian feel and evoke the tragic film's themes. Paramount executive Evans found the score to be too "highbrow" and did not want to use it; however, it was used after Coppola managed to get Evans to agree. Coppola believed that Rota's musical piece gave the film even more of an Italian feel. Coppola's father, Carmine , created some additional music for the film, particularly the music played by the band during the opening wedding scene. There are a total of nine instances within the film where incidental music can be heard.

There was a soundtrack released for the film in 1972 in vinyl form by Paramount Records , on CD in 1991 by Geffen Records , and digitally by Geffen on August 18, 2005. The album contains over 31 minutes of music coming from the movie, with most being composed by Rota, along with a song from Coppola and one by Johnny Farrow and Marty Symes . Allmusic gave the album five out of five stars, with editor Zach Curd saying it is a "dark, looming, and elegant soundtrack." An editor for Filmtracks believed that Rota did a great job of relating the music to the core aspects of the film, which the editor believed to be "tradition, love, and fear."

RELEASE

The world premiere for _The Godfather_ took place in New York City on March 14, 1972, almost three months after the planned release date of Christmas Day in 1971, with profits from the premiere donated to The Boys Club of New York. Before the film premiered, the film had already made $15 million from rentals from over 400 theaters. The following day, the film opened in New York at five theaters. Next was Los Angeles at two theaters on March 22. _The Godfather_ was commercially released on March 24, 1972 throughout the rest of the United States . The film reached 316 theaters around the country five days later.

BOX OFFICE

_The Godfather_ was a blockbuster , breaking many box office records to become the highest grossing film of 1972 . It earned $81.5 million in theatrical rentals in the USA & Canada during its initial release, increasing its earnings to $85.7 million through a reissue in 1973, and including a limited re-release in 1997 it ultimately earned an equivalent exhibition gross of $135 million. It displaced _Gone with the Wind _ to claim the record as the top rentals earner, a position it would retain until the release of _Jaws _ in 1975. News articles at the time proclaimed it was the first film to gross $100 million in North America, but such accounts are erroneous since this record in fact belongs to _The Sound of Music _, released in 1965. The film repeated its native success overseas, earning in total an unprecedented $142 million in worldwide theatrical rentals, to become the highest net earner . Profits were so high for _The Godfather_ that earnings for Gulf ">'s Andrew Sarris believed Brando portrayed Vito Corleone well and that his character dominated each scene it appeared in, but felt Puzo and Coppola had the character of Michael Corleone too focused on revenge. In addition, Sarris stated that Richard Castellano, Robert Duvall, and James Caan were good in their respective roles.

Desson Howe of the _ Washington Post _ called the film a "jewel" and wrote that Coppola deserves most of the credit for the film. Writing for _ The New York Times _, Vincent Canby felt that Coppola had created one of the "most brutal and moving chronicles of American life" and went on to say that it "transcends its immediate milieu and genre." Director Stanley Kubrick thought the film had the best cast ever and could be the best movie ever made. Stanley Kauffmann of _The New Republic_ wrote negatively of the film in a contemporary review, claiming that Pacino "rattles around in a part too demanding for him," while also criticizing Brando's make-up and Rota's score.

Previous mafia films had looked at the gangs from the perspective of an outraged outsider. In contrast, _The Godfather_ presents the gangster's perspective of the Mafia as a response to corrupt society. Although the Corleone family is presented as immensely rich and powerful, no scenes depict prostitution, gambling, loan sharking or other forms of racketeering. Some critics argue that the setting of a criminal counterculture allows for unapologetic gender stereotyping, and is an important part of the film's appeal ("You can act like a man!", Don Vito tells a weepy Johnny Fontane).

Remarking on the fortieth anniversary of the film's release, film critic John Podhoretz praised _The Godfather_ as "arguably _the_ great American work of popular art" and "the summa of all great moviemaking before it". Two years before, Roger Ebert wrote in his journal that it "comes closest to being a film everyone agrees... is unquestionably great."

ACCOLADES

_The Godfather_ was nominated for seven awards at the 30th Golden Globe Awards : Best Picture – Drama , James Caan for Best Supporting Actor , Al Pacino and Marlon Brando for Best Actor – Drama , Best Score , Best Director , and Best Screenplay . When the winners were announced on January 28, 1973, the film had won the categories for: Best Screenplay, Best Director, Best Actor - Drama, Best Original Score, and Best Picture – Drama. _The Godfather_ won a record five Golden Globes, which was not surpassed until 2017.

Rota's score was also nominated for Grammy Award for Best Original Score for a Motion Picture or TV Special at the 15th Grammy Awards . Rota was announced the winner of the category on March 3 at the Grammys' ceremony in Nashville, Tennessee .

When the nominations for the 45th Academy Awards were revealed on February 12, 1973, _The Godfather_ was nominated for eleven awards. The nominations were for: Best Picture , Best Costume Design , Marlon Brando for Best Actor , Mario Puzo and Francis Ford Coppola for Best Adapted Screenplay , Pacino, Caan, and Robert Duvall for Best Supporting Actor , Best Film Editing , Nino Rota for Best Original Score , Coppola for Best Director , and Best Sound . Upon further review of Rota's love theme from _The Godfather_ , the Academy found that Rota had used a similar score in Eduardo De Filippo 's 1958 comedy _Fortunella _. This led to re-balloting, where members of the music branch chose from six films: _The Godfather_ and the five films that had been on the shortlist for best original dramatic score but did not get nominated. John Addison 's score for _Sleuth_ won this new vote, and thus replaced Rota's score on the official list of nominees. Going into the awards ceremony, _The Godfather_ was seen as the favorite to take home the most awards. From the nominations that _The Godfather_ had remaining, it only won three of the Academy Awards: Best Actor, Best Adapted Screenplay, and Best Picture.

Brando, who had also not attended the Golden Globes ceremony two months earlier, boycotted the Academy Awards ceremony and refused to accept the Oscar, becoming the second actor to refuse a Best Actor award after George C. Scott in 1970 . Brando sent American Indian Rights activist Sacheen Littlefeather in his place, to announce at the awards podium Brando's reasons for declining the award which were based on his objection to the depiction of American Indians by Hollywood and television. In addition, Pacino boycotted the ceremony. He was insulted at being nominated for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor award, noting that he had more screen time than his co-star and Best Actor winner Brando and thus he should have received an Academy Award nomination for Best Actor.

_The Godfather_ had five nominations for awards at the 26th British Academy Film Awards . The nominees were: Pacino for Most Promising Newcomer , Rota for the Anthony Asquith Award for Film Music , Duvall for Best Supporting Actor , and Brando for Best Actor , the film's costume designer Anna Hill Johnstone for Best Costume Design . All of _The Godfather'_s nominations failed to win except for Rota.

Awards and nominations received by _The Godfather_ AWARD CATEGORY NOMINEE RESULT

45th Academy Awards Best Picture Albert S. Ruddy Won

Best Director Francis Ford Coppola Nominated

Best Actor (refused) Marlon Brando Won

Best Supporting Actor James Caan Nominated

Robert Duvall Nominated

Al Pacino Nominated

Best Adapted Screenplay Mario Puzo , Francis Ford Coppola Won

Best Costume Design Anna Hill Johnstone Nominated

Best Film Editing William Reynolds , Peter Zinner Nominated

Best Sound Bud Grenzbach , Richard Portman , Christopher Newman Nominated

Best Original Dramatic Score Nino Rota Revoked

26th British Academy Film Awards Best Actor Marlon Brando (Also for _ The Nightcomers _) Nominated

Best Supporting Actor Robert Duvall Nominated

Most Promising Newcomer to Leading Film Roles Al Pacino Nominated

Best Film Music Nino Rota Won

Best Costume Design Anna Hill Johnstone Nominated

25th Directors Guild of America Awards Outstanding Directorial Achievement in Motion Pictures Francis Ford Coppola Won

30th Golden Globe Awards Best Motion Picture - Drama

Won

Best Director - Motion Picture Francis Ford Coppola Won

Best Motion Picture Actor - Drama Marlon Brando Won

Al Pacino Nominated

Best Supporting Actor - Motion Picture James Caan Nominated

Best Screenplay Mario Puzo and Francis Ford Coppola Won

Best Original Score Nino Rota Won

15th Grammy Awards Best Original Score Written for a Motion Picture or TV Special Nino Rota Won

25th Writers Guild of America Awards Best Drama Adapted from Another Medium Mario Puzo and Francis Ford Coppola Won

* 1990 Selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry as being deemed "culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant". * 1998 _Time Out _ conducted a poll and _The Godfather_ was voted the best film of all time. * 1999 _ Entertainment Weekly _ named it the greatest film ever made. * 2002 _Sight the critics poll separately voted it fourth. * 2002 _The Godfather_ was ranked the second best film of all time by Film4 , after _Star Wars Episode V: The Empire Strikes Back _. * 2005 Named one of the 100 greatest films of the last 80 years by _Time _ magazine (the selected films were not ranked). * 2006 The Writers Guild of America, West agreed, voting it the number two in its list of the 101 greatest screenplays, after _Casablanca _. * 2008 Voted in at No. 1 on _Empire _ magazine's list of _The 500 Greatest Movies of All Time_. * 2012 The Motion Picture Editors Guild listed _The Godfather_ as the sixth best-edited film of all time based on a survey of its membership.

American Film Institute Recognition

* 1998 AFI\'s 100 Years...100 Movies – #3 * 2001 AFI\'s 100 Years...100 Thrills – #11

* 2005 AFI\'s 100 Years...100 Movie Quotes :

* "I'm going to make him an offer he can't refuse." – #2

* 2006 AFI\'s 100 Years of Film Scores – #5 * 2007 AFI\'s 100 Years...100 Movies (10th Anniversary Edition) – #2 * 2008 AFI\'s 10 Top 10 – #1 Gangster Film

CINEMATIC INFLUENCE

Although many films about gangsters preceded _The Godfather_, Coppola's heavy infusion of Italian culture and stereotypes, and his portrayal of mobsters as characters of considerable psychological depth and complexity was unprecedented. Coppola took it further with _ The Godfather Part II_, and the success of those two films, critically, artistically and financially, opened the doors for numerous other depictions of Italian Americans as mobsters, including films such as Martin Scorsese 's _ Goodfellas _ and TV series such as David Chase 's _ The Sopranos _. A comprehensive study of Italian American culture on film, conducted from 1996 to 2001 by the Italic Institute of America, showed that close to 300 movies featuring Italian Americans as mobsters (mostly fictitious) have been produced since _The Godfather_, an average of nine per year.

POPULAR CULTURE AND LEGACY

_The Godfather_ epic, encompassing the original trilogy and the additional footage Coppola incorporated later, is by now thoroughly integrated into American life and, together with a succession of mob-theme imitators, has led to a highly stereotyped concept of Italian American culture. The first film had the largest impact and, unlike any film before it, its depiction of Italians who immigrated to the United States in the early decades of the 20th century is perhaps attributable to the Italian American director, presenting his own understanding of their experience. The films explain through their action the integration of fictional Italian American criminals into American society. Though the story is set in the period of mass immigration to the U.S., it is rooted in the specific circumstances of the Corleones, a family that lives outside of the law. Although some critics have refashioned the Corleone story into one of universality of immigration, other critics have posited that it leads the viewer to identify organized crime with Italian American culture. Released in a period of intense national cynicism and self-criticism, the American film struck a chord about the dual identities inherent in a nation of immigrants. _The Godfather_ increased Hollywood's negative portrayals of immigrant Italians in the aftermath of the film and was a recruiting tool for organized crime.

The concept of a mafia "Godfather" was an invention of Mario Puzo's and the film's effect was to add the fictional nomenclature to the language. Similarly, Don Vito Corleone's unforgettable "I'm gonna make him an offer he can't refuse"—voted the second-most memorable line in cinema history in AFI\'s 100 Years... 100 Movie Quotes by the American Film Institute —was adopted by actual gangsters. In the French novel _ Le Père Goriot _, Honoré de Balzac wrote of Vautrin telling Eugene: "In that case I will make you an offer that no one would decline."

Real-life gangsters responded enthusiastically to the film, with many of them feeling it was a portrayal of how they were supposed to act. Salvatore "Sammy the Bull" Gravano , the former underboss in the Gambino crime family , stated: "I left the movie stunned ... I mean I floated out of the theater. Maybe it was fiction, but for me, then, that was our life. It was incredible. I remember talking to a multitude of guys, made guys , who felt exactly the same way." According to Anthony Fiato after seeing the film, Patriarca crime family members Paulie Intiso and Nicky Giso altered their speech patterns closer to that of Vito Corleone's. Intiso would frequently swear and use poor grammar; but after the movie came out, he started to articulate and philosophize more.

TELEVISION

John Belushi appeared in a _ Saturday Night Live _ sketch as Vito Corleone in a therapy session trying to express his inner feelings towards the Tattaglia Family , who, in addition to muscling in on his territory, "also, they shot my son Santino 56 times".

In the television show _ The Sopranos _, Tony Soprano 's topless bar is named Bada Bing, echoing the line in _The Godfather_ when Sonny Corleone says, "You've gotta get up close like this and bada-bing! You blow their brains all over your nice Ivy League suit."

The film has been parodied several times on the animated television series _ The Simpsons _. In the season three episode "Lisa\'s Pony " Lisa wakes up to find a horse in her bed and starts screaming. The music and the scene itself resemble the famous "horse's head" scene in The Godfather. In the season four episode " Mr. Plow ", the scene in which Sonny Corleone is shot at the tollbooth is mimicked when Bart Simpson is pelted with snowballs. The scene is again parodied in the season sixteen episode "All\'s Fair in Oven War ", which includes James Caan as himself in a guest voice role. In the season eighteen episode " The Mook, the Chef, the Wife and Her Homer ", the film's final scene is mimicked with a door being closed on Lisa Simpson .

HOME MEDIA

The theatrical version of _The Godfather_ debuted on American network television on November 16, 1974 on NBC , and again two days later, with only minor edits. The airing on television attracted a large audience and helped generate anticipation for the upcoming sequel. The next year, Coppola created _ The Godfather Saga _ expressly for American television in a release that combined _The Godfather_ and _ The Godfather Part II_ with unused footage from those two films in a chronological telling that toned down the violent, sexual, and profane material for its NBC debut on November 18, 1977. In 1981, Paramount released the _Godfather Epic_ boxed set, which also told the story of the first two films in chronological order, again with additional scenes, but not redacted for broadcast sensibilities. _The Godfather Trilogy_ was released in 1992, in which the films are fundamentally in a chronological order.

_ The Godfather Family: A Look Inside_ was a 73-minute documentary released in 1991. Directed by Jeff Warner, the film featured some behind the scenes content from all three films, interviews with the actors, and screen tests. _ The Godfather DVD Collection_ was released on October 9, 2001 in a package that contained all three films—each with a commentary track by Coppola—and a bonus disc containing _The Godfather Family: A Look Inside_. The DVD also held a Corleone family tree, a "Godfather" timeline, and footage of the Academy Award acceptance speeches.

_THE GODFATHER: THE COPPOLA RESTORATION_

During the film's original theatrical release, the original negatives were worn down due to the reel being printed so much to meet demand. In addition, the duplicate negative was lost in Paramount archives. In 2006 Coppola contacted Steven Spielberg —whose studio DreamWorks had recently been bought out by Paramount—about restoring _The Godfather_. Robert A. Harris was hired to oversee the restoration of _The Godfather_ and its two sequels, with the film's cinematographer Willis participating in the restoration. Work began in November 2008 by repairing the negatives so they could go through a digital scanner to produce high resolution 4K files. If a negative were damaged and discolored, work was done digitally to restore it to its original look. After a year and a half of working on the restoration, the project was complete. Paramount called the finished product _The Godfather: The Coppola Restoration_ and released it to the public on September 23, 2008 on both DVD and Blu-ray Disc . Dave Kehr of the _New York Times_ believed the restoration brought back the "golden glow of their original theatrical screenings". As a whole, the restoration of the film was well received by critics and Coppola. _The Godfather: The Coppola Restoration_ contains several new special features that play in high definition, along with additional scenes.

VIDEO GAME

Main article: The Godfather (2006 video game)

A video game based on the film was developed by Electronic Arts and first released in 2006. Duvall, Caan, and Brando supplied voiceovers and their likenesses, but Pacino did not. Francis Ford Coppola openly voiced his disapproval of the game.

SEE ALSO

* List of American films of 1972 * _The Godfather_ (film series)

NOTES

* ^ Sources disagree on the date where Paramount confirmed their intentions to make Mario Puzo's novel _The Godfather_ into a feature-length film. Harlan Lebo's work states that the announcement came in January 1969, while Jenny Jones' book puts the date of the announcement three months after the novel's publication, in June 1969.

* ^ Sources disagree on both the amount of the original budget and the final budget. The starting budget has been recorded as $1 million, $2 million, and $2.5 million, while the final budget has been named at $5 million, $6 million, and $6.5 million.

REFERENCES

* ^ "_THE GODFATHER_ (18)". _British Board of Film Classification _. May 31, 1996. Retrieved April 15, 2016. * ^ _A_ _B_ " The Godfather (1972)". Box Office Mojo . Retrieved December 6, 2014. * ^ Von Gunden 1991 , p. 36. * ^ " The Godfather (Re-issue) (1997)". Box Office Mojo . Retrieved December 20, 2014. * ^ Lebo 2005 , p. 5–6. * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ _D_ _E_ Jones 2007 , p. 10. * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ _D_ ""The Godfather" Turns 40". _CBS News_. CBS Interactive Inc. March 15, 2012. Archived from the original on July 17, 2014. Retrieved July 15, 2014. * ^ Lebo 2005 , p. 7. * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ _D_ _E_ Lebo 2005 , p. 6. * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ Phillips 2004 , p. 88. * ^ _A_ _B_ Jones 2007 , p. 10–11. * ^ Jack O'Brian (January 25, 1973). "Not First Lady on TV". _The Spartanburg Herald_. p. A4. Retrieved July 15, 2014. * ^ Michael L. Geczi and Martin Merzer (April 10, 1978). "Hollywood business is blockbuster story". _St. Petersburg Times_. p. 11B. Retrieved July 15, 2014. * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ _D_ _E_ Hillel Italie (December 24, 1990). "\'Godfather\' films have their own saga". _The Daily Gazette_. Associated Press. p. A7. Retrieved July 15, 2014. * ^ Jones 2007 , p. 14. * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ _D_ _E_ _F_ Phillips 2004 , p. 92. * ^ _A_ _B_ Lebo 2005 , p. 11. * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ _D_ _E_ _F_ _G_ _H_ _I_ _J_ _K_ _L_ _M_ _N_ _O_ _P_ _Q_ Mark Seal (March 2009). "The _Godfather_ Wars". _Vanity Fair _. Archived from the original on July 14, 2014. Retrieved July 15, 2014. * ^ Welsh, Phillips & Hill 2010 , p. 104. * ^ _A_ _B_ Jones 2007 , p. 12. * ^ _A_ _B_ Roger Fristoe. " Sergio Leone Profile". Turner Classic Movies . Archived from the original on July 16, 2014. Retrieved July 16, 2014. * ^ _A_ _B_ Lucia Bozzola. "Sergio Leone". _New York Times_. The New York Times Company. Archived from the original on July 16, 2014. Retrieved July 16, 2014. * ^ Clive James (November 30, 2004). "Peter Bogdanovich". _The Guardian _. Guardian Media Group . Archived from the original on August 27, 2013. Retrieved July 16, 2014. * ^ " Peter Bogdanovich - Hollywood survivor". _BBC News_. BBC. January 7, 2005. Archived from the original on September 3, 2010. Retrieved July 16, 2014. * ^ Royce Webb (July 28, 2008). "10 BQs: Peter Bogdanovich". _ESPN.com_. ESPN Internet Ventures. Archived from the original on November 10, 2013. Retrieved July 16, 2014. * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ _D_ _E_ _F_ _G_ Philip Horne (September 22, 2009). "The Godfather: \'Nobody enjoyed one day of it’". _The Daily Telegraph_. Archived from the original on September 24, 2009. Retrieved July 15, 2014. * ^ _A_ _B_ ""The Godfather" Turns 40". _CBS News_. CBS Interactive Inc. March 15, 2012. Archived from the original on July 17, 2014. Retrieved July 15, 2014. * ^ Phillips 2004 , p. 89. * ^ Lebo 1997 , p. 23. * ^ Hearn, Marcus (2005). _The Cinema of George Lucas_. New York City: Harry N. Abrams Inc. p. 46. ISBN 0-8109-4968-7 . * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ _D_ _E_ _The Godfather_ DVD commentary featuring Francis Ford Coppola, * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ Jones 2007 , p. 18. * ^ David L. Ulin (November 21, 2007). "Author demystifies never-ending fascination with \'The Godfather\'". _The Sun_. Retrieved July 15, 2014. * ^ Lebo 2005 , p. 25. * ^ Cowie 1997 , p. 11. * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ _D_ _E_ _F_ _G_ "Backstage Story of \'The Godfather\'". _Lodi News-Sentinel_. United Press International. March 14, 1972. p. 9. Retrieved July 15, 2014. * ^ Cowie 1997 , p. 9. * ^ _A_ _B_ "Francis Ford Coppola’s The Godfather opens". _History_. A&E Television Networks, LLC. Archived from the original on July 4, 2014. Retrieved July 16, 2014. * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ _D_ Jones 2007 , p. 19. * ^ Phillips 2004 , p. 93. * ^ Phillips 2004 , p. 92–93. * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ _D_ Jones 2007 , p. 20. * ^ Phillips 2004 , p. 96. * ^ Phillips 2004 , p. 100. * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ _D_ Jones 2007 , p. 11. * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ Jones 2007 , p. 252. * ^ Lebo 1997 , p. 30. * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ _D_ _E_ _F_ _G_ Phillips 2004 , p. 90. * ^ Cowie 1997 , p. 26. * ^ The Week Staff (July 15, 1988). "The making of The Godfather". _The Week_. THE WEEK Publications, Inc. Archived from the original on July 21, 2014. Retrieved June 15, 2012. * ^ Lebo 1997 , p. 162. * ^ Lebo 1997 , p. 36. * ^ Nicholas Gage (March 19, 1972). "A Few Family Murders, but That\'s Show Biz". _The New York Times_. The New York Times Company. Archived from the original on July 25, 2014. Retrieved June 15, 2012. * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ _D_ _E_ Jerry Parker (June 27, 1971). "They\'re Having a Ball Making \'Godfather\'". _Toledo Blade_. p. 2. Retrieved July 15, 2014. * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ _D_ _E_ Jerry Parker (May 30, 1971). "About \'The Godfather\'... It\'s Definitely Not Irish-American". _The Victoria Advocate_. p. 13. Retrieved July 15, 2014. * ^ Santopietro 2012 , p. 2. * ^ Santopietro 2012 , p. 1. * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ Williams 2012 , p. 187. * ^ _A_ _B_ "What Could Have Been... 10 Movie Legends Who Almost Worked on The Godfather Trilogy". _Oscars_. Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. April 2, 2012. Archived from the original on March 30, 2013. Retrieved July 15, 2014. * ^ Stanley 2014 , p. 83. * ^ Mayer, Geoff (2012). _Historical Dictionary of Crime Films_. Scarecrow Press. p. 176. ISBN 0810867699 . * ^ World Features Syndicate (May 13, 1991). " Marlon Brando played Don Vito Corleone in "The Godfather...". _Chicago Tribune_. Tribune Company. Archived from the original on July 15, 2014. Retrieved July 15, 2014. * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ _D_ _E_ Williams 2012 , p. 188. * ^ Santopietro 2012 , p. 2–3. * ^ _A_ _B_ Gelmis 1971 , p. 52. * ^ Santopietro 2012 , p. 3–4. * ^ Santopietro 2012 , p. 4. * ^ _A_ _B_ Santopietro 2012 , p. 5. * ^ Gelmis 1971 , p. 53. * ^ _A_ _B_ Lebo 1997 , p. 53-55. * ^ _A_ _B_ Jones 2007 , p. 173. * ^ _A_ _B_ Jones 2007 , p. 50. * ^ _A_ _B_ Jones 2007 , p. 147. * ^ ""The Godfather" Turns 40". _CBS News_. CBS Interactive Inc. March 15, 2012. Archived from the original on July 16, 2014. Retrieved July 15, 2014. * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ _The Godfather_ DVD Collection documentary _A Look Inside,_ * ^ Cowie 1997 , p. 20-21. * ^ Lebo 1997 , p. 61. * ^ Cowie 1997 , p. 23. * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ Jones 2007 , p. 133. * ^ _A_ _B_ Nate Rawlings (March 14, 2012). "The Anniversary You Can’t Refuse: 40 Things You Didn’t Know About The Godfather". _Time_. Time Inc. Archived from the original on January 2, 2014. Retrieved January 2, 2014. * ^ _A_ _B_ Cowie 1997 , p. 24. * ^ ""The Godfather" Turns 40". _CBS News_. CBS Interactive Inc. March 15, 2012. Archived from the original on July 16, 2014. Retrieved July 15, 2014. * ^ Lebo 1997 , p. 59. * ^ Welsh, Phillips ">\'". _NPR_. NPR. December 20, 2010. Archived from the original on June 26, 2013. Retrieved July 15, 2014. * ^ Cowie 1997 , p. 22. * ^ Lebo 1997 , p. 60. * ^ Lebo 1997 , p. 87-88. * ^ Santopietro 2012 , p. 128. * ^ _A_ _B_ Lebo 1997 , p. 93. * ^ _A_ _B_ Lebo 2005 , p. 184. * ^ Lebo 1997 , p. 109. * ^ Lebo 1997 , p. 185. * ^ Lebo 2005 , p. 181. * ^ Feeney, Mark (2006). "A Study in Contrasts". _WUTC_. WUTC. Archived from the original on July 20, 2014. Retrieved July 19, 2014. * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ _D_ Lebo 1997 , p. 70. * ^ Cowie 1997 , p. 59. * ^ Lebo 1997 , p. 137. * ^ Phillips 2004 , p. 102. * ^ Lebo 2005 , p. 174. * ^ Lebo 2005 , p. 176. * ^ _A_ _B_ Cowie 1997 , p. 50. * ^ Lebo 1997 , p. 172. * ^ _A_ _B_ Lebo 1997 , p. 26. * ^ _A_ _B_ "Secrets of 'The Godfather' Filming Now Revealed". _Atlanta Daily World_. June 11, 1972. p. 10. access-date= requires url= (help ) * ^ _A_ _B_ Jim and Shirley Rose Higgins (May 7, 1972). "Movie Fan's Guide to Travel". _Chicago Tribune_. p. F22. access-date= requires url= (help ) * ^ Jones 2007 , p. 24. * ^ Lebo 1997 , p. 132. * ^ "In search of... The Godfather in Sicily". _ The Independent _. Independent Digital News and Media Limited. April 26, 2003. Archived from the original on May 11, 2015. Retrieved February 12, 2016. * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ Jones 2007 , p. 30. * ^ Fred Ferretti (March 23, 1971). "Corporate Rift in 'Godfather' Filming". _Chicago Tribune_. p. 28. access-date= requires url= (help ) * ^ Lebo 2005 , p. 115. * ^ Cowie 1997 , p. 57. * ^ _A_ _B_ Lebo 1997 , p. 192. * ^ Lebo 1997 , p. 192, 194-196. * ^ _A_ _B_ Lebo 1997 , p. 197. * ^ Lebo 1997 , p. 197-198. * ^ Lebo 1997 , p. 198. * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ Phillips 2004 , p. 107. * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ _D_ _E_ Welsh, Phillips & Hill 2010 , p. 222. * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ Lebo 1997 , p. 191. * ^ Phillips 2004 , p. 355. * ^ " The Godfather (Original Motion Picture Soundtrack)". Apple . Archived from the original on July 20, 2014. Retrieved April 16, 2013.

* ^ _A_ _B_ Zach Curd. " Nino Rota - The Godfather ". _Allmusic_. All Media Network, LLC. Archived from the original on July 20, 2014. Retrieved July 20, 2014. * ^ " Nino Rota - The Godfather ". _Allmusic_. All Media Network, LLC. Archived from the original on July 19, 2014. Retrieved July 20, 2014. * ^ _A_ _B_ "The Godfather". _Filmtracks_. Christian Clemmensen (Filmtracks Publications). October 3, 2009. Archived from the original on July 20, 2014. Retrieved July 20, 2014. * ^ Cowie 1997 , p. 60. * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ "The Godfather". _AFI_. American Film Institute. Archived from the original on July 17, 2014. Retrieved July 15, 2014. * ^ Lebo 1997 , p. 200. * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ Block & Wilson 2010 , pp. 518, 552. * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ _D_ " The Godfather (1972) – Notes". Turner Classic Movies . Archived from the original on October 29, 2013. Retrieved July 16, 2014. * ^ Lebo 1997 , p. 204. * ^ Wedman, Len (January 24, 1973). "Birth of a Nation classic proves it's still fantastic". _ The Vancouver Sun _. p. 39. * ^ "Godfather 1 all-time earner". _The Gazette _. Montreal. Reuters. January 9, 1975. p. 21. * ^ Dirks, Tim. "Top Films of All-Time: Part 1 – Box-Office Blockbusters". AMC FilmSite.org . Retrieved May 31, 2012. * ^ "Robert Wise – The Sound of Music (1965)". American Film Institute . Retrieved November 20, 2012. * ^ Jacobs, Diane (1980). _Hollywood Renaissance_. Dell Publishing . p. 115. ISBN 978-0-440-53382-5 . The Godfather catapulted Coppola to overnight celebrity, earning three Academy Awards and a then record-breaking $142 million in worldwide sales.

* ^ Box office

* 1991: Von Gunden, Kenneth (1991). _Postmodern auteurs: Coppola, Lucas, De Palma, Spielberg, and Scorsese_. McFarland & Company . p. 36. ISBN 978-0-89950-618-0 . Since _The Godfather_ had earned over $85 million in U.S.-Canada rentals (the worldwide box-office gross was $285 million), a sequel, according to the usual formula, could be expected to earn approximately two-thirds of the original's box-office take (ultimately _Godfather II_ had rentals of $30 million). * 1997 re-release: " The Godfather (Re-issue) (1997)". _Box Office Mojo _. Retrieved November 20, 2012. North America:$1,267,490 * Total: "The Godfather". _Boxoffice _. Retrieved June 23, 2013. Worldwide Gross: $245,066,411

* ^ "All TIme Box Office Adjusted for Ticket Price Inflation". _ Box Office Mojo _. Retrieved November 20, 2012. * ^ History.com Staff (2009). "The Mafia in Popular Culture". _History_. A&E Television Networks, LLC. Archived from the original on July 17, 2014. Retrieved July 16, 2014. * ^ _A_ _B_ "The Godfather". _ Metacritic _. CBS Interactive Inc. Archived from the original on July 19, 2014. Retrieved January 11, 2009. * ^ " The Godfather (1972)". _Rotten Tomatoes_. Flixster, Inc. Archived from the original on July 7, 2014. Retrieved July 18, 2014. * ^ "Metacritic: Best Reviewed Movies". _ Metacritic _. CBS Interactive Inc. Archived from the original on July 19, 2014. Retrieved April 13, 2007. * ^ "Top 100 Movies Of All Time". _Rotten Tomatoes_. Flixster, Inc. Archived from the original on July 19, 2014. Retrieved July 3, 2013. * ^ _A_ _B_ Roger Ebert (January 1, 1972). "The Godfather". _Roger Ebert.com_. Ebert Digital LLC. Archived from the original on July 19, 2014. Retrieved January 1, 2014. * ^ Gene Siskel (October 15, 1999). "The Movie Reviews". _Chicago Tribune_. Tribune Company. Archived from the original on July 1, 2014. Retrieved August 23, 2015. * ^ _A_ _B_ Andrew Sarris (March 16, 1972). "Films in Focus". _The Village Voice_. Village Voice, LLC. Archived from the original on October 24, 2013. Retrieved January 1, 2014. * ^ Desson Howe (March 21, 1997). "\'Godfather\': Offer Accepted". _Washington Post_. The Washington Post Company. Archived from the original on July 20, 2014. Retrieved January 1, 2014. * ^ Vincent Canby (March 16, 1972). "\'Godfather\': Offer Accepted". _New York Times_. The New York Times Company. Archived from the original on July 20, 2014. Retrieved January 1, 2014. * ^ Nick Wrigley (February 14, 2014). "Stanley Kubrick, cinephile – redux". _BFI_. British Film Institute. Archived from the original on July 16, 2014. Retrieved June 1, 2014. * ^ Kauffmann, Stanley (April 1, 1972). "“The Godfather” and the Decline of Marlon Brando". _The New Republic_. Retrieved March 20, 2017. * ^ _A_ _B_ De Stefano 2006 , p. 68. * ^ De Stefano 2006 , p. 119. * ^ De Stefano 2006 , p. 180. * ^ Podhoretz, John (March 26, 2012). "Forty Years On: Why 'The Godfather' is a classic, destined to endure". _The Weekly Standard_. , p. 39. * ^ Ebert, Roger (July 18, 2010). "WHOLE LOTTA CANTIN\' GOING ON". * ^ "The 30th Annual Golden Globe Awards (1973)". _HFPA_. Hollywood Foreign Press Association. Archived from the original on July 17, 2014. Retrieved July 15, 2014. * ^ _A_ _B_ "\'Godfather\' Wins Four Globe Awards". _The Telegraph_. Associated Press. January 30, 1973. p. 20. Retrieved July 15, 2014. * ^ "Ruth Bizzi Cited By Golden Globes". _The Age_. Associated Press. February 1, 1973. p. 14. Retrieved July 15, 2014. * ^ "Trivia". _HFPA_. Hollywood Foreign Press Association. Archived from the original on July 17, 2014. Retrieved July 17, 2014. * ^ _A_ _B_ "Roberta Flack Is Big Winner In Awarding Of \'Grammys\'". _Sarasota Herald-Tribune_. Associated Press. March 5, 1973. p. 11-A. Retrieved July 15, 2014. * ^ _A_ _B_ Edward W. Coker Jr. (March 9, 1973). "Roberta Flack Is Big Winner In Awarding Of \'Grammys\'". _The Spokesman-Review_. Retrieved July 15, 2014. * ^ _A_ _B_ Bruce Russell (February 13, 1973). "\'Godfather\' Gets 11 Oscar Nominations". _Toledo Blade_. Reuters. p. P-2. Retrieved September 2, 2014. * ^ _A_ _B_ "Godfather Gets 11 Oscar Nominations". _The Michigan Daily_. United Press International. February 14, 1971. p. 3. Retrieved July 15, 2014. * ^ _A_ _B_ "The 45th Academy Awards (1973) Nominees and Winners". _Oscars_. Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Archived from the original on July 17, 2014. Retrieved July 16, 2014. * ^ "\'Godfather\' Song Used Before". _Daytona Beach Morning Star_. Associated Press. March 2, 1973. p. 10. Retrieved July 15, 2014. * ^ "Godfather, Superfly music out of Oscars". _The Montreal Gazette_. Associated Press. March 7, 1973. p. 37. Retrieved July 16, 2014. * ^ _A_ _B_ Kris Tapley (January 21, 2008). "Jonny Greenwood\'s \'Blood\' score disqualified by AM-PAS". _Variety_. Retrieved March 4, 2010. * ^ "100 Years of Paramount: Academy Awards". Paramount Pictures. Retrieved June 16, 2013. * ^ "The Godfather". _The Val d'Or Star_. October 26, 1977. p. 2. Retrieved July 15, 2014. * ^ "Brando Expected To Skip Oscar Award Rites". _The Morning Record_. Associated Press. March 26, 1973. p. 7. Retrieved July 16, 2014. * ^ _A_ _B_ "Brando Rejects Oscar Award". _The Age_. March 29, 1973. p. 10. Retrieved July 15, 2014. * ^ _A_ _B_ "Brando snubs Hollywood, rejects Oscar". _The Montreal Gazette_. Gazette. March 28, 1973. p. 1. Retrieved July 15, 2014. * ^ "Only the most talented actors have the nerve to tackle roles that push them to their physical and mental limits". _The Irish Independent _. November 26, 2011. Retrieved December 6, 2011. * ^ Grobel; p. xxi * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ "BAFTA Awards Search". _BAFTA_. British Academy of Film and Television Arts. Archived from the original on July 17, 2014. Retrieved July 15, 2014. * ^ "Films Selected to The National Film Registry, 1989-2010". _National Film Preservation Board_. Library of Congress. Archived from the original on April 7, 2014. Retrieved March 12, 2012. * ^ "Top 100 Films (Readers)". _AMC Filmsite.org _. American Movie Classics Company LLC. Archived from the original on July 18, 2014. Retrieved August 17, 2010. * ^ Burr, Ty . _The 100 Greatest Movies of All Time_. Time-Life Books. ISBN 1-883013-68-2 . * ^ "Entertainment Weekly\'s 100 Greatest Movies of All Time". _AMC Filmsite.org _. American Movie Classics Company LLC. Archived from the original on March 31, 2014. Retrieved August 17, 2010. * ^ "Entertainment Weekly\'s 100 Greatest Movies of All Time". _ Harris County Public Library _. The Harris County Public Library. May 12, 2009. Archived from the original on January 11, 2012. Retrieved August 17, 2010. * ^ " Sight & Sound Top Ten Poll 2002 – The Directors’ Top Ten Films". British Film Institute . Retrieved April 6, 2014. * ^ " Sight & Sound Top Ten Poll 2002 – The Critics’ Top Ten Films". British Film Institute . Retrieved April 6, 2014. * ^ "Film Four\'s 100 Greatest Films of All Time". _AMC Filmsite.org _. American Movie Classics Company LLC. Archived from the original on March 31, 2014. Retrieved August 17, 2010. * ^ "All-TIME 100 Movies". _Time_. Time Inc. March 14, 2012. Archived from the original on July 17, 2014. Retrieved January 2, 2014. * ^ TIME Staff (October 3, 2011). "That Old Feeling: Secrets of the All-Time 100". _Time_. Time Inc. Archived from the original on July 14, 2014. Retrieved January 2, 2014. * ^ "101 Greatest Screenplays". _Writers Guild of America, West_. Writers Guild of America, West . Archived from the original on March 28, 2014. Retrieved July 18, 2014. * ^ "_Empire\'s_ The 500 Greatest Movies of All Time". _Empire magazine_. Archived from the original on July 8, 2014. Retrieved August 17, 2010. * ^ The 75 Best Edited Films. _Editors Guild Magazine_ via Internet Archive . Volume 1, Issue 3. Published May 2012. Retrieved June 17, 2017. * ^ "AFI\'s 100 Years...100 Movies" (PDF). American Film Institute . Retrieved November 14, 2014. * ^ "AFI\'s 100 Years...100 Thrills" (PDF). American Film Institute . Retrieved November 14, 2014. * ^ "AFI\'s 100 Years...100 Movie Quotes" (PDF). American Film Institute . Retrieved November 14, 2014. * ^ "AFI\'s 100 Years of Film Scores" (PDF). American Film Institute . Retrieved November 14, 2014. * ^ "AFI\'s 100 Years...100 Movies (10th Anniversary Edition)" (PDF). American Film Institute . Retrieved November 14, 2014. * ^ "AFI\'s 10 Top 10: Top 10 Gangster". American Film Institute . Retrieved November 14, 2014. * ^ "An Offer Hollywood Can\'t Refuse". _CBS News_. March 4, 2005. Archived from the original on December 20, 2007. * ^ http://www.italic.org * ^ "Italian Culture on Film, Image Research Project, Italic Institute of America". Italic.org. Retrieved 2013-01-16. * ^ "The Godfather: A Cultural Phenomenon". _University of Pennsylvania _. 2005. * ^ Gambino, Megan (January 31, 2012). "What is The Godfather Effect?". _Smithsonian _. * ^ "AFI\'s 100 Years... 100 Movie Quotes". _AFI.com_. American Film Institute. Archived from the original on July 2, 2014. Retrieved July 15, 2014. * ^ (Father Goriot, page 104 in Chapter 1); "Dans ces conjonctures, je vais vous faire une proposition que personne ne refuserait. Honoré de Balzac, ŒUVRES COMPLèTES de H. de Balzac (1834), Calmann-Lévy, 1910 (Le Père Goriot, II. L\'entrée dans le monde, pp. 110-196); viewed 10-2-2014. * ^ Sifakis, Carl (1987). _The Mafia Encyclopedia_. New York City: Facts on File. ISBN 0-8160-1856-1 . * ^ De Stefano 2006 , p. 114. * ^ _A_ _B_ Smith, John L. (July 7, 2004). "In mob world, life often imitates art of Marlon Brando\'s \'Godfather\'". _Las Vegas Review-Journal _. Retrieved December 7, 2010. * ^ Clark Collis (March 2, 2002). "Top five John Belushi moments". _The Daily Telegraph_. Archived from the original on April 16, 2012. Retrieved July 15, 2014. * ^ Maria Newman, _How Much for That ‘Sopranos’ Stripper Pole?_ NYTimes August 21, 2007 * ^ Reardon, Jim (2004). _ The Simpsons Season 4 DVD commentary for the episode "Mr. Plow"_ (DVD). 20th Century Fox. * ^ Clarisse Loughrey (11 February 2016). "The Simpsons\' film parodies seen side-by-side with their references". _ The Independent _. Retrieved 14 January 2017. * ^ Dan Iverson (7 September 2006). "The Simpsons: "The Mook, the Chef, the Wife and His Homer" Advance Review". _ IGN _. Retrieved 14 January 2017. * ^ _A_ _B_ Lebo 2005 , p. 245. * ^ _A_ _B_ Lebo 2005 , p. 247. * ^ Lebo 2005 , p. XIV. * ^ _A_ _B_ Alice Duncan. " The Godfather Family: A Look Inside (1991)". _New York Times_. The New York Times Company. Archived from the original on August 23, 2015. Retrieved July 16, 2014. * ^ _A_ _B_ Alice Duncan (October 9, 2001). " The Godfather DVD Collection". _Entertainment Weekly_. Entertainment Weekly Inc. Archived from the original on August 23, 2015. Retrieved July 16, 2014. * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ _D_ _E_ Mike Snider (September 23, 2008). "\'Godfather\' films finally restored to glory". _USA Today_. Gannett Company. Archived from the original on July 21, 2014. Retrieved July 15, 2014. * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ _D_ _E_ _F_ _G_ Fred Kaplan (September 30, 2008). "Your DVD Player Sleeps With the Fishes". _Slate_. Graham Holdings Company. Archived from the original on July 21, 2014. Retrieved July 15, 2014. * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ _D_ Dave Kehr (September 22, 2008). "New DVDs: ‘The Godfather: The Coppola Restoration’". _New York Times_. New York Times Company. Archived from the original on July 21, 2014. Retrieved July 15, 2014. * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ Keith Phipps (October 7, 2008). "The Godfather: The Coppola Restoration". _The AV Club_. Onion Inc. Archived from the original on July 21, 2014. Retrieved July 15, 2014. * ^ _A_ _B_ Matt Noller (September 26, 2008). "The Godfather Collection: The Coppola Restoration". _Slant_. Slant Magazine. Archived from the original on July 21, 2014. Retrieved July 15, 2014. * ^ Matt Slagle (March 31, 2006). "\'Godfather\' is the offer you can\'t refuse". _The Victoria Advocate_. p. 13E. Retrieved July 15, 2014. * ^ Victor Godinez (March 31, 2006). "Game Reviews". _The Victoria Advocate_. p. 13E. Retrieved July 15, 2014. * ^ _A_ _B_ Matt Slagle (May 20, 2005). "Gameplay makes certain titles rock". _Gadsden Times_. p. C4. Retrieved July 15, 2014. * ^ ""Coppola Angry over _Godfather_ Video Game", April 8, 2005". Retrieved August 22, 2005.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

* Block, Alex Ben; Wilson, Lucy Autrey (2010). _George Lucas's Blockbusting: A Decade-by-Decade Survey of Timeless Movies Including Untold Secrets of Their Financial and Cultural Success_. New York, New York: HarperCollins . ISBN 978-0-06-177889-6 . * Cowie, Peter (1997). _ The Godfather Book_. London, England: Faber and Faber Limited. ISBN 0-571-19011-1 . * De Stefano, George (2006). "Chapter 4: Don Corleone Was My Godfather". _An Offer We Can\'t Refuse: The Mafia in the Mind of America_. New York: Faber and Faber. pp. 94–135. ISBN 978-0-571-21157-9 . OCLC 60420173 . Retrieved January 26, 2013. * Gelmis, Joseph (August 23, 1971). "Merciful Heavens, Is This The End of Don Corleone?". _New York Magazine_. New York Media, LLC. 4 (34). ISSN 0028-7369 . Retrieved July 16, 2014. * Jones, Jenny M. (2007). _The Annotated Godfather: The Complete Screenplay_. New York, New York: Black Dog & Leventhal. ISBN 978-1-5791-2739-8 . Retrieved July 15, 2014. * Lebo, Harlan (1997). _ The Godfather Legacy: The Untold Story of the Making of the Classic Godfather Trilogy_. London, England: Simon & Schuster. ISBN 9780684836478 . Retrieved September 26, 2016. * Lebo, Harlan (2005). _ The Godfather Legacy: The Untold Story of the Making of the Classic Godfather Trilogy Featuring Never-Before-Published Production Stills_. London, England: Simon & Schuster. ISBN 978-0-7432-8777-7 . Retrieved July 15, 2014. * Phillips, Gene D. (2004). _Godfather: The Intimate Francis Ford Coppola_. Lexington, Kentucky: University Press of Kentucky. ISBN 978-0-8131-4671-3 . Retrieved July 15, 2014. * Santopietro, Tom (2012). _ The Godfather Effect: Changing Hollywood, America, and Me_. New York, New York: Thomas Dunne Books. ISBN 978-1-2500-0513-7 . Retrieved July 15, 2014. * Stanley, Timothy (2014). _Citizen Hollywood: How the Collaboration Between LA and DC Revolutionized American Politics_. New York, New York: Thomas Dunne Books. ISBN 978-1-2500-3249-2 . Retrieved July 15, 2014. * Williams, Joe (2012). _Hollywood Myths: The Shocking Truths Behind Film\'s Most Incredible Secrets and Scandals_. Minneapolis, Minnesota: MBI Pub. Co. and Voyageur Press. ISBN 978-1-2500-3249-2 . Retrieved July 15, 2014. * Welsh, James M.; Phillips, Gene D.; Hill,