Founded as The Christians, the party was formed when the Christian Democratic Party abolished its requirement that its representatives profess the Christian faith. The party saw this as a major step in the "de-Christianization" of the party, along with a perceived wider de-Christianization of Norway during the years of the Red–Green government.
The party participated in its first election for the 2011 local elections limited to the municipal council in Bømlo. They won 6.5% of the votes there, earning them two seats. Bømlo was selected to test support for the new party, with defected local Christian Democratic politicians heading their list. Some saw the party's founding meeting on Moster in Bømlo as symbolic, as it was the original starting point of the Christianization of Norway by King Olaf Tryggvason a thousand years ago.
For the 2013 parliamentary election the party gained additional support from philosopher Nina Karin Monsen, veteran Christian Democratic politician Anita Apelthun Sæle, and Visjon Norge televangelist Jan Hanvold. It received 0.6% of the national vote (17,731 votes), winning no seats but becoming second largest of the extra-parliamentary parties.
Before the 2015 local elections the Christians drew numerous local politicians from the Christian Democrats as well as the Progress Party, and the party had a large number of new local chapters established. The party managed to secure lists for the elections in 70 municipalities, as well as all the counties of Norway. Among the speakers at the party's national congress in May was the Israeli Greek Orthodox priest Gabriel Naddaf. The party won three municipal representatives in the election, one each in Bømlo, Vennesla and Karmøy.
The party considers its ideology to be built on Christian and "Judeo-Christian" values. It profiles itself as pro-life, promotes the traditional family and opposition to same-sex marriage, maintains strong support for Israel, and supports economic liberalism. The party claims to follow the line of former Christian Democrat leader Kåre Kristiansen. Unlike the Christian Democrats the party supports cooperation with the Progress Party, and has stated that it aims for participation in a coalition government together with the Progress and Conservative Party.
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