HOME
The Info List - The Advocate





The Advocate
The Advocate
is an American LGBT-interest magazine, printed bi-monthly[2] and available by subscription. The Advocate
The Advocate
brand also includes a website. Both magazine and website have an editorial focus on news, politics, opinion, and arts and entertainment of interest to lesbians, gay men, bisexuals and transgender (LGBT) people. The magazine, established in 1967,[3] is the oldest and largest LGBT publication in the United States and the only surviving one of its kind that was founded before the 1969 Stonewall Riots
Stonewall Riots
in New York City, an incident that is generally credited as the beginning of the LGBT
LGBT
rights movement.

Contents

1 History 2 Comics 3 Awards and accolades 4 Past and present contributors 5 References 6 Further reading 7 External links

History[edit]

Masthead from The Advocate, volume 1, issue 1

The Advocate
The Advocate
was first published as a local newsletter by the activist group Personal Rights in Defense and Education
Personal Rights in Defense and Education
(PRIDE) in Los Angeles. The newsletter was inspired by a police raid on a Los Angeles gay bar, the Black Cat Tavern, on January 1, 1967, and the demonstrations against police brutality in the months following that raid.[4] Richard Mitch (using the pseudonym "Dick Michaels") and Bill Rau (under the name "Bill Rand") joined PRIDE and, along with Aristide Laurent and artist Sam Winston, transformed the newsletter into a newspaper titled The Los Angeles Advocate.[5] The first issue bore a cover date of September 1967, and was sold for 25 cents in gay bars in Los Angeles. By early 1968, PRIDE was struggling to stay viable and Mitch and Rau paid the group one dollar for ownership of the paper in February of that year.[6] In 1969 the newspaper was renamed The Advocate
The Advocate
and distributed nationally. By 1974, Mitch and Rau were printing 40,000 copies for each issue.[citation needed] The newspaper attracted the attention of David B. Goodstein, an investment banker from San Francisco who bought the publication in 1974. Under Goodstein's direction, The Advocate
The Advocate
transformed into a bi-weekly national news magazine covering events important to the GLBT community, including the gay rights movement, along with arts and culture. Goodstein also worked toward reducing sex-oriented advertisements in favor of more mainstream sponsors.[citation needed] Goodstein and Dr. Rob Eichberg created The Advocate
The Advocate
Experience. Loosely based on the then-popular EST (Erhardt Seminars Training), it was a two-weekend, all-day series of extensive self-realization workshops to bring self-acceptance, awareness and tolerance within the LGBT
LGBT
community. Goodstein and Eichberg facilitated the workshops for much of their duration. Goodstein's later editorials remained strongly opposed state intervention during the early years of the AIDS epidemic. He argued even though "our lifestyle can become an elaborate suicidal ritual...our safety and survival depends on each of us and our individual behaviour," as opposed to government public health regulations.[7] Soon after Goodstein's death in 1985, the magazine was transformed from a tabloid-size newspaper format in two sections (with the second section carrying sexually explicit advertisements) to a standard magazine format, beginning with the October 1, 1985 issue.[8] Breakthroughs in straight celebrity covers came under the flamboyant command of editor in chief, Richard Rouilard in the 1980s and early 1990s. After his death from AIDS, this editorial trend continued successfully with editor in chief Jeff Yarbrough. It was during this time that the magazine stopped carrying sexually explicit advertisements, and in 1992 it launched a sister publication, Advocate Classifieds. Under the leadership of its first female editor in chief, Judy Wieder, (1996—2002; editorial director, 2002-2006), The Advocate brought in a variety of voices, won numerous mainstream publishing awards, and set records for newsstand sales, circulation, and advertising.[citation needed] Wieder and her staff's coming-out interviews with such diverse gay luminaries as Ellen DeGeneres, George Michael, Liz Smith, Gore Vidal, Chaz Bono, Jim McGreevey, Melissa Etheridge and Rob Halford
Rob Halford
garnered the magazine much television exposure and helped to lift the status of " The Advocate
The Advocate
Interview" as well as the visibility of the publication.[citation needed] The Advocate
The Advocate
changed hands through a series of mergers and acquisitions, first unsuccessfully with PlanetOut in 2006, and later with Here Media. In a cost-cutting move in 2008, Here Media, conceding that The Advocate
The Advocate
print edition could no longer compete with local weekly LGBT
LGBT
newspapers and the Internet for hard news, switched the magazine from a bi-weekly to a monthly publication cycle.[9] Starting in 2010, Here Media
Here Media
consolidated the distribution for The Advocate
The Advocate
and Out magazines. The Advocate
The Advocate
print version continues to be published and is available enclosed with Out as a combination package via subscription. In 2010 there were press reports of freelance writers not being paid for their work.[10] As of May 2013, The Advocate
The Advocate
is no longer produced in-house at Here Media
Here Media
but by Grand Editorial for Here Media. Grand Editorial is a contractor based in Brooklyn, New York, that also produces Out.[11] The Advocate
The Advocate
is now published bi-monthly with 6 issues per year.[11] Comics[edit] The Advocate
The Advocate
provided a venue for several noteworthy LGBT
LGBT
cartoonists in the 1970s and 1980s. Early in its history the publication ran single-panel gag cartoons by Joe Johnson featuring effeminate Miss Thing and beefy Big Dick,[12] and "Gayer Than Strange" by Sean. After these were discontinued, It's a Gay
Gay
Life by Donelan debuted in 1977 and ran for 15 years.[12] Howard Cruse's strip Wendel appeared from 1983 to 1989, transitioning from a single tabloid-size page to two magazine-size pages when the publication changed format. Leonard and Larry by Tim Barela[12][13] and Servants to the Cause by Alison Bechdel also appeared briefly during the late 1980s. Awards and accolades[edit] In January 2014 The Huffington Post
The Huffington Post
cited three Advocate covers in its feature, "23 Magazine Covers That Got It Right When Depicting Powerful Women": February 2011 (featuring Hillary Clinton), February 2012 (Nancy Pelosi) and January 2013 (Tammy Baldwin, .com edition).[14]

GLAAD Award nominations (2014)

Outstanding Magazine Article: "What's Wrong With Exxon?" by Antonia Juhasz (The Advocate)[15] Outstanding Magazine Overall Coverage (The Advocate)[15] Outstanding Digital Journalism Article: "Prime Timers: Spotlight on LGBT
LGBT
Seniors" (series) (Advocate.com)[15] Outstanding Digital Journalism – Multimedia: "We Are Here: LGBTI in Uganda" by Sunnivie Brydum, D. David Robinson (Advocate.com)[15]

Past and present contributors[edit]

Calpernia Addams Alison Bechdel Adam Block Chaz Bono
Chaz Bono
(pre-transition) Kate Clinton David Michael Conner Howard Cruse Benoit Denizet-Lewis Gerard Donelan David Francis Michael Joseph Gross Allan Gurganus Janis Ian Josh Kilmer-Purcell James Kirchick Tony Kushner Lance Loud Parker Marie Molloy Ryan Murphy Jasika Nicole Jack Nichols Robert Opel Christopher Rice B. Ruby Rich Gabriel Rotello Michael Rowe Vito Russo Randy Shilts Michelangelo Signorile Donald Spoto Andrew Sullivan Urvashi Vaid Bruce Vilanch Kenji Yoshino

References[edit]

^ Lucas Grindley Named Editor in Chief of The Advocate ^ Bell, Lauren (August 26, 2008). "The Advocate, under new ownership, cuts frequency". Direct Marketing News. Retrieved January 30, 2014.  ^ Sandra L. Caron (February 2008). "An investigation of content and media images in gay men's magazines" (PDF). Journal of Homosexuality. 55: 504–523. doi:10.1080/00918360802345297. Retrieved August 13, 2015.  ^ Highleyman, Liz. "What Is the History of The Advocate?". Past Out. Letters From CAMP Rehoboth. Archived from the original on May 3, 2007.  ^ Hogan, Steve & Hudson, Lee (1998). Completely Queer: The Gay
Gay
and Lesbian
Lesbian
Encyclopedia. New York: Henry Holt. p. 13. ISBN 0-8050-3629-6.  ^ Tobin, Kay & Wicker, Randy (1972). The Gay
Gay
Crusaders. New York: Paperback Library. p. 80. OCLC 1922404.  ^ Goodstein, David (March 18, 1982). "Editorial". The Advocate. p. 6.  ^ The Advocate. October 1, 1985. Front Cover.  ^ Moses, Lucia (2008-12-19). " The Advocate
The Advocate
to Go Monthly". Adweek. Retrieved 2013-06-25.  ^ Fleischer, Matthew (July 13, 2010). "'The Advocate' Does Not Pay Its Freelancers". FishbowlLA. Retrieved November 28, 2010.  ^ a b "The Advocate's Matthew Breen Headed to Brooklyn". MediaBistro.org. FishbowlNY. May 6, 2013. Retrieved June 16, 2014.  ^ a b c Theophano, Teresa. "Comic Strips and Cartoons" (PDF). GLBTQ Archive. Retrieved 5 May 2016.  ^ The Gay
Gay
Comics List. "Leonard & Larry". Retrieved 2016-05-04.  ^ Vagianos, Alanna (January 27, 2014). "23 Magazine Covers That Got It Right When Depicting Powerful Women". Huffington Post. Retrieved March 10, 2014.  ^ a b c d "GLAAD Media Awards Nominees (2014)". GLAAD.org. Retrieved March 11, 2014. 

Further reading[edit]

Robinson, Franklin A., Jr. "Guide to the Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender
Transgender
(LGBT) Collection, NMAH.AC.1146" (PDF). Smithsonian Institution National Museum of American History Archives Center. Smithsonian Institution.  Issues of The Advocate
The Advocate
for 1972–1973 and 1977–1982 are available. Streitmatter, Rodger (1995). Unspeakable: The Rise of the Gay
Gay
and Lesbian
Lesbian
Press in America. Boston: Faber and Faber. ISBN 0-571-19873-2.  Thompson, Mark, ed. (1994). Long Road to Freedom: The Advocate
The Advocate
History of the Gay
Gay
and Lesbian
Lesbian
Movement. New York: St. Martin's Press. ISBN 0-312-13114-3. CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link) Wieder, Judy, ed. (2001). Celebrity: The Advocate
The Advocate
Interviews By Judy Wieder. New York: Advocate Books. ISBN 1-55583-722-0. CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link)

External links[edit]

Official website Corporate site Wikholm, Wik. "What Is the History of The Advocate?". PlanetOut.com (Internet Archive). Archived from the original on January 29, 2008. Retrieved January 29, 2008. 

v t e

Here Media

Magazines

Out The Advocate HIV Plus

Here TV (original productions)

here! Originals Here Films here! Tunes here! Studios

Websites

gay.com SheWired

Books

Alyson Books

Defunct

PlanetOut Inc. Out & About Out Traveler

v t e

Early LGBT
LGBT
rights advocacy in the United States (pre–Stonewall riots)

Organizations

Council on Religion and the Homosexual Daughters of Bilitis Janus Society Knights of the Clock Mattachine Society Metropolitan Community Church NACHO ONE, Inc. PRIDE Society for Human Rights Student Homophile
Homophile
League Veterans Benevolent Association

Mattachine Society

Hal Call Rudi Gernreich James Gruber Harry Hay Dale Jennings Frank Kameny Jack Nichols

Daughters of Bilitis

Lisa Ben Barbara Gittings Barbara Grier Kay Lahusen Phyllis Lyon Del Martin Ruth Simpson

Others

Merton Bird Reed Erickson Arthur Evans Charles Henri Ford Henry Gerber Morris Kight Aristide Laurent W. Dorr Legg Bob Mizer Troy Perry Clark Polak Craig Rodwell José Sarria Parker Tyler Randy Wicker H. Lynn Womack

Publications

The Advocate Drum Focus: A Journal for Lesbians Journal of Homosexuality The Ladder Vice Versa

Events

List of actions Newport sex scandal (1919) Secret Court of 1920
Secret Court of 1920
(1920) One, Inc. v. Olesen
One, Inc. v. Olesen
(1958) MANual Enterprises v. Day
MANual Enterprises v. Day
(1962) Annual Reminder
Annual Reminder
(1965–1969) Compton's Cafeteria riot
Compton's Cafeteria riot
(1966)

Film/TV

The Rejected (1961) "The Homosexuals" (1967)

Related

Athletic Model Guild Black Cat Bar Black Cat Tavern DOB Australia Homophile Garden of Allah (cabaret) Julius (NYC bar) Henry Gerber
Henry Gerber
House Minorities Research Group
Minorities Research Group
(UK) ONE National Gay
Gay
& Lesbian
Lesbian
Archives Oscar Wilde Bookshop The Patch Tavern Guild

v t e

Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) topics

Academic fields Discourse

LGBT
LGBT
topics in education Gender studies Lavender linguistics Lesbian
Lesbian
feminism LGBT
LGBT
literature LGBT/ Queer
Queer
studies Queer
Queer
theory Transfeminism

Community Culture

Anthems Bars Bisexual community Coming out Community center Cross-dressers

Drag king Drag queen

Fiction topics Gay
Gay
friendly Icons Lesbian
Lesbian
utopia Literature Music Neighborhoods Organizations Periodicals Pride Pride parade Religious groups Rodeos Same-sex relationships Slang

List of slang terms

Slogans Sports

Symbols Tourism

Category: LGBT
LGBT
culture

Gender identities Sexual identities Sexual diversities

Gender identities

Androgyne Bigender Boi Cisgender Female Gender bender Gender neutrality Genderqueer Male Pangender Transfeminine Transgender Trans man Transmasculine Transsexual Trans woman Womyn

Third sex / Third gender

Akava'ine Androgynos Bakla Bissu Eunuch Fa'afafine Fakaleiti Femminiello Hijra Kathoey Khanith Köçek Mahu Mak nyah Mukhannathun Muxe Sworn virgins Takatāpui Tomboy Travesti Tumtum Two-Spirit Winkte

Sexual orientation
Sexual orientation
identities

Sexual orientations

Asexual Bisexual Heterosexual Homosexual

Attraction to transgender people Banjee Bi-curious Ex-gay Ex-ex-gay Gay Heteroflexible Lesbian Monosexual Non-heterosexual Pansexual Polyamorous Queer Questioning Romantic orientation Same gender loving

Related

Gender and Sexual Diversity Erotic target location error Gender roles Human female sexuality Human male sexuality Sexuality and gender identity-based cultures Intersex Hermaphrodite

History

LGBT
LGBT
history

History of homosexuality History of lesbianism LGBT
LGBT
history timeline Social movements History of Christianity and homosexuality History of same-sex unions Pederasty Category: LGBT
LGBT
history

Pre-modern era

Adelphopoiesis Homosexuality
Homosexuality
in ancient Egypt Homosexuality
Homosexuality
in ancient Greece Homosexuality
Homosexuality
in ancient Peru Homosexuality
Homosexuality
in ancient Rome Homosexuality
Homosexuality
in medieval Europe

16th to 19th century

Mollies Urnings

20th century

Homosexuals in Nazi Germany and the Holocaust Sea queens Stonewall riots Festival of Light action White Night riots

21st century

Timeline of same-sex marriage LGBTQ culture in New York City Stonewall National Monument

Rights and legal issues

LGBT
LGBT
rights by country or territory

Africa Americas Asia Europe Oceania List of LGBT
LGBT
rights articles by region

LGBT
LGBT
rights topics

Adoption Civil unions and partnerships Hate crime
Hate crime
laws Intersex
Intersex
human rights Military service Parenting Same-sex marriage

Timeline List of couples

Socialism Sodomy laws Transgender
Transgender
rights United Nations/Yogyakarta Principles La Francophonie Commonwealth of Nations

LGBT
LGBT
rights movements

Homophile Gay
Gay
liberation LGBT
LGBT
rights groups LGBT
LGBT
rights activists Pink capitalism

Sexual orientations – Medicine, science and sexology

Biology Birth order Demographics Environment Heterosexual–homosexual continuum Homosexuality
Homosexuality
and psychology Kinsey scale Klein Grid Neuroscience Prenatal hormones Sexual inversion Sexual orientation
Sexual orientation
change efforts Sexual orientation
Sexual orientation
identity Timeline of sexual orientation and medicine

Social attitudes Prejudice Violence

Social attitudes

Anti- LGBT
LGBT
slogans Heteronormativity Heteropatriarchy Homonationalism Pinkwashing Gay
Gay
panic LGBT
LGBT
rights opposition LGBT
LGBT
stereotypes Religion and homosexuality Transgenderism and religion

Prejudice and discrimination

AIDS stigma Biphobia Genderism Heterosexism Homophobia Internalized homophobia Lesbophobia Non-binary discrimination Riddle scale SPLC-designated list of anti-gay U.S. hate groups Transmisogyny Transphobia

Violence against LGBT
LGBT
people

Corrective rape Death penalty for homosexuality Gay
Gay
bashing History of violence in the UK History of violence in the US

Orlando nightclub shooting

Significant acts of violence against LGBT
LGBT
people Trans bashing Unlawfully killed transgender people LGBT
LGBT
suicides

Category Portal

Journalism portal

.