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THE ORATORY SCHOOL /ˈɒrætɒri/ is a boys' independent Roman Catholic
Catholic
boarding and day school in the English county of Berkshire
Berkshire
, some 6 miles (9.7 km) north-west of the town of Reading . It is the only remaining all-boys Catholic
Catholic
boarding school in Britain . Founded in 1859 by Blessed John Henry Newman
John Henry Newman
, The Oratory has historical ties to the Birmingham
Birmingham
Oratory and is the only school founded by Cardinal Newman. Although a separate entity from the nearby Oratory Preparatory School , it shares a board of governors and a common history. Newman founded the school with the intention of providing boys with a Roman Catholic
Catholic
alternative to Eton College
Eton College
. For the academic year 2015/16, The Oratory charged day pupils up to £7,750 per term, making it the 25th most expensive HMC day school. It is a public school in the British sense of the term.

According to the Good Schools Guide
Good Schools Guide
, the school "enjoys inspirational leadership, has achieved GSG 'overall best in UK' for three years running and is consistently at the top of the tree", with "state-of-the-art" boarding facilities and an ongoing refurbishment programme under way.

The Independent Schools Inspectorate said in 2007: "Pupils and staff show deep and committed support to the Catholic
Catholic
values that underpin the school", and "genuine excitement and enjoyment shine through in sporting, musical and creative activities. Individual pupils and teams have achieved distinction in a wide range of activities, particularly in sport", and pupils "have recently represented Great Britain in rowing, shooting and real tennis, England in cricket and Ireland in rugby".

CONTENTS

* 1 History * 2 Music * 3 Real tennis * 4 Notable head masters

* 5 Controversy

* 5.1 Sexual abuse * 5.2 Disciplinary

* 6 Notable alumni * 7 See also * 8 References * 9 External links

HISTORY

The Oratory School
The Oratory School
was founded in 1859. The first boys arrived before work began on 1 May that year. The objective was to provide a Roman Catholic
Catholic
alternative to other schools, particularly for the sons of converts from Anglicanism who considered existing Catholic
Catholic
schools culturally and socially inferior. The idea of founding a school had been in Newman's mind for some time before that and education of the young was an abiding interest. In the early 1850s he had been invited by the Irish Catholic
Catholic
bishops to establish a Catholic
Catholic
university in Dublin
Dublin
, but it did not prove a success, though he was able to formulate the principles published as The Idea of a University. When the Irish project came to an end, he was approached by a group of Catholic
Catholic
laymen, principally converts to Roman Catholicism
Roman Catholicism
from the Oxford Movement
Oxford Movement
, to set up a Catholic
Catholic
boarding school for boys run on English independent school lines, rather than the monastically based Catholic
Catholic
schools that already existed such as those run by the English Benedictine Congregation (Worth , Downside and Ampleforth ). The original school was opened next to the house of the Oratory Fathers in Edgbaston
Edgbaston
, Birmingham
Birmingham
.

In 1922 the Oratory School moved from Edgbaston
Edgbaston
to Caversham Park
Caversham Park
, Caversham . In 1942 (when Caversham Park
Caversham Park
was requisitioned to become a BBC
BBC
listening station , now BBC
BBC
Monitoring ), and after a short sojourn in exile at Downside , it finally removed to its present location at Woodcote Estate, Berkshire. The Fathers of the Birmingham Oratory handed over control of the school to a Governing Body in 1931, but links with the Birmingham, London and Oxford Oratories remain strong.

MUSIC

The school has an orchestral and choral tradition, with former choristers of Westminster Cathedral
Westminster Cathedral
among the pupils. The school's prestigious youth choir, known as 'Schola Cantorum', has over 60 pupils and requires high performance caliber and therefore standard auditions, they have performed at venues such as Windsor Castle and for the Pope, as well as frequent venues and performances to public around London, most recently Nelson's mass and Zadok the Priest in Hyde Park. Around half the pupils across the school play a musical instrument or attend singing lessons. Several pupils have recently joined the National Youth Choir of Great Britain .

REAL TENNIS

The Oratory is one of five schools in the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
to possess a real tennis court (others being Canford , (Wellington College) and Radley ) and plays this sport, hosting championships and international tournaments. It was the first location in the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
to construct a Real Tennis court for 80 years, finishing the building in 1990. Over recent years the UK Professional Singles Tournament has been held at the court, and in April 2006 the World Championships were held there in which world no. 1 Rob Fahey (Australia) beat USA player Tim Chisholm . The school's main entrance.

NOTABLE HEAD MASTERS

The current head master is a member of the Headmasters\' and Headmistresses\' Conference .

* 1862 – 1865 Tom Arnold * 1867 – 1868 Gerard Manley Hopkins * 1910 – 1921 Edward Pereira * 1933 – 1939 Illtyd Trethowan

CONTROVERSY

SEXUAL ABUSE

In February 2013, it was discovered that Jonathan O'Brien, a former teacher, had been involved in sexually abusing boys aged ten to sixteen while working at The Oratory in the 1980s. O'Brien was sentenced to thirteen years imprisonment.

DISCIPLINARY

In February 2014, there were allegations that an older pupil had been beating younger students and killing animals outside school. The playing fields.

NOTABLE ALUMNI

Main article: List of Old Oratorians

Former pupils include tenor Gervase Elwes , war artist Simon Elwes
Simon Elwes
, Rugby union
Rugby union
player Danny Cipriani
Danny Cipriani
, Olympic gold medallist John Pius Boland , Victoria Cross