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The Art
Art
Journal, published in London, was the most important Victorian magazine on art. It was founded in 1839[1] by Hodgson & Graves, print publishers, 6 Pall Mall, with the title the Art
Art
Union Monthly Journal (or The Art
Art
Union), the first issue of 750 copies appearing 15 February 1839.

Contents

1 History 2 Editorship 3 Contributors 4 References

History[edit] Hodgson & Graves hired Samuel Carter Hall
Samuel Carter Hall
as editor, assisted by James Dafforne. Hall soon became principal proprietor, but he was unable to turn a profit on his own. The London
London
publisher George Virtue then purchased into Hall's Art
Art
Union Monthly Journal in 1848, retaining Hall as editor. Virtue renamed the periodical The Art Journal in 1849.[2] In 1851, Hall's engravings, 150 pictures from the private collection of the Queen and Prince Albert, were featured in The Art
Art
Journal as the "Great Exhibition of 1851". Though this feature was popular, the publication remained unprofitable, forcing Hall to sell his share of the journal to Virtue, while staying on as editor. In 1852, the journal finally turned a profit.[2][3] As editor, Hall exposed the profits that custom-houses were earning on the import of Old Masters, and showed how paintings were manufactured in England. The Art
Art
Journal became noted for its honest portrayal of the fine arts, but its opposition to fake and mis-attributed Old Masters, such as Raphael
Raphael
or Titian, depressed the market in such works. The early issues of the magazine, published on a monthly basis,[1] strongly supported the artists of The Clique
The Clique
and after 1850 it became associated with opposition to the emerging Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood (PRB), which Hall considered to be a reactionary movement. Its articles attacked the PRB and its supporter John Ruskin.[3][4] After Hall's retirement in 1880, the journal changed its position, and faced strong competition from the Magazine
Magazine
of Art
Art
and the changing public taste influenced by Impressionism. In the event neither magazine was able to survive: the Magazine
Magazine
of Art
Art
ceased publication in 1904, and The Art
Art
Journal in 1912. An American edition of The Art Journal was published in New York from 1881 to 1887 by D. Appleton & Co. The publication has been referred to, at various times, as London
London
Art Journal and Art-journal. Editorship[edit]

Editor's name Years

Samuel Carter Hall 1839–1880

Marcus Bourne Huish 1881–1892

David Croal Thomson[5] 1892–1902

Contributors[edit] The Art
Art
Journal's most notable essayists included Ralph Nicholson Wornum, Thomas Wright, Frederick William Fairholt, Edward Lewes Cutts, and Llewellynn Jewitt.[3] Richard Austin Artlett
Richard Austin Artlett
supplied a long series of engraved plates of sculpture.[6] References[edit]

^ a b " Art
Art
and Architecture". Cardiff University. Retrieved 6 December 2016.  ^ a b "Original Drawings by W. H. Bartlett". Retrieved 5 March 2008.  ^ a b c  Stephen, Leslie; Lee, Sidney, eds. (1890). "Hall, Samuel Carter". Dictionary of National Biography. 24. London: Smith, Elder & Co. p. 88.  ^ Landow, George P. (July 1999). "The Art-Journal, 1850-1880: Antiquarians, the Medieval Revival, and The Reception of Pre-Raphaelitism". "This article originally appeared in The Pre-Raphaelite Review 2 (1979), 71-76.". victorianweb.org. Retrieved 4 March 2008.  ^ "Thomson, David Croal". Who's Who. Vol. 59. 1907. p. 1741.  ^  Stephen, Leslie, ed. (1885). "Artlett, Richard Austin". Dictionary of National Biography. 2. London: Smith, Elder &am

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