Art Journal, published in London, was the most important Victorian
magazine on art. It was founded in 1839 by Hodgson & Graves,
print publishers, 6 Pall Mall, with the title the
Art Union Monthly
Journal (or The
Art Union), the first issue of 750 copies appearing 15
Hodgson & Graves hired
Samuel Carter Hall
Samuel Carter Hall as editor, assisted by
James Dafforne. Hall soon became principal proprietor, but he was
unable to turn a profit on his own. The
London publisher George Virtue
then purchased into Hall's
Art Union Monthly Journal in 1848,
retaining Hall as editor. Virtue renamed the periodical The Art
Journal in 1849.
In 1851, Hall's engravings, 150 pictures from the private collection
of the Queen and Prince Albert, were featured in The
Art Journal as
the "Great Exhibition of 1851". Though this feature was popular, the
publication remained unprofitable, forcing Hall to sell his share of
the journal to Virtue, while staying on as editor. In 1852, the
journal finally turned a profit.
As editor, Hall exposed the profits that custom-houses were earning on
the import of Old Masters, and showed how paintings were manufactured
in England. The
Art Journal became noted for its honest portrayal of
the fine arts, but its opposition to fake and mis-attributed Old
Masters, such as
Raphael or Titian, depressed the market in such
The early issues of the magazine, published on a monthly basis,
strongly supported the artists of
The Clique and after 1850 it became
associated with opposition to the emerging Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood
(PRB), which Hall considered to be a reactionary movement. Its
articles attacked the PRB and its supporter John Ruskin.
After Hall's retirement in 1880, the journal changed its position, and
faced strong competition from the
Art and the changing
public taste influenced by Impressionism. In the event neither
magazine was able to survive: the
Art ceased publication
in 1904, and The
Art Journal in 1912. An American edition of The Art
Journal was published in New York from 1881 to 1887 by D. Appleton
The publication has been referred to, at various times, as
Journal and Art-journal.
Samuel Carter Hall
Marcus Bourne Huish
David Croal Thomson
Art Journal's most notable essayists included Ralph Nicholson
Wornum, Thomas Wright, Frederick William Fairholt, Edward Lewes Cutts,
and Llewellynn Jewitt.
Richard Austin Artlett
Richard Austin Artlett supplied a long
series of engraved plates of sculpture.
^ a b "
Art and Architecture". Cardiff University. Retrieved 6 December
^ a b "Original Drawings by W. H. Bartlett". Retrieved 5 March
^ a b c Stephen, Leslie; Lee, Sidney, eds. (1890). "Hall, Samuel
Carter". Dictionary of National Biography. 24. London: Smith, Elder
& Co. p. 88.
^ Landow, George P. (July 1999). "The Art-Journal, 1850-1880:
Antiquarians, the Medieval Revival, and The Reception of
Pre-Raphaelitism". "This article originally appeared in The
Pre-Raphaelite Review 2 (1979), 71-76.". victorianweb.org. Retrieved 4
^ "Thomson, David Croal". Who's Who. Vol. 59. 1907.
^ Stephen, Leslie, ed. (1885). "Artlett, Richard Austin".
Dictionary of National Biography. 2. London: Smith, Elder &am