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Thanjavur
Thanjavur
District
District
is one of the 32 districts of the state of Tamil Nadu, in southeastern India. Its headquarters is Thanjavur. The district is located in the delta of the Cauvery River
Cauvery River
and is mostly agrarian. As of 2011, Thanjavur
Thanjavur
district had a population of 2,405,890 with a sex-ratio of 1,035 females for every 1,000 males.

Contents

1 Geography 2 Demographics 3 Economy

3.1 Agriculture

4 Tourism

4.1 Peruvudaiyaar Temple

5 Flora 6 Cultural Significance 7 Notable people 8 See also 9 Notes and references 10 External links

Geography[edit]

Agriculture is the main occupation of people in Thanjavur
Thanjavur
district

The Brihadeeswara Temple at Thanjavur

The district is located at 10°05′N 79°10′E / 10.08°N 79.16°E / 10.08; 79.16 in Central Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu
bounded on the northeast by Nagapattinam District, on the east by Tiruvarur District, on the south by the Palk Strait, of Bay of Bengal
Bay of Bengal
on the west by Pudukkottai District, and on the north by the river Kollidam, across which lie Tiruchirappalli and Perambalur districts. Demographics[edit] According to 2011 census, Thanjavur
Thanjavur
district had a population of 2,405,890 with a sex-ratio of 1,035 females for every 1,000 males, much above the national average of 929.[4] A total of 238,598 were under the age of six, constituting 121,949 males and 116,649 females. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes
Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes
accounted for 18.91% and .15% of the population respectively. The average literacy of the district was 74.44%, compared to the national average of 72.99%.[4] The district had a total of 605,363 households. There were a total of 974,079 workers, comprising 117,321 cultivators, 327,673 main agricultural labourers, 26,430 in house hold industries, 363,060 other workers, 139,595 marginal workers, 12,592 marginal cultivators, 87,688 marginal agricultural labourers, 4,770 marginal workers in household industries and 34,545 other marginal workers.[5] Economy[edit] Agriculture[edit] Thanjavur
Thanjavur
district lies in the Kaveri
Kaveri
delta, the most fertile region in the state.[6] The district is the main rice producing region in the state and hence known as the Rice
Rice
Bowl of Tamil Nadu.[7] Kaveri
Kaveri
River and its tributaries irrigate the district. Apart from paddy, farmers here grow coconut and sugarcane and it is the largest producer of coconut in Tamil Nadu.Being an agrarian economy, industrial growth in the district is mainly confined to agro-based industries. A large number of Rice
Rice
mills, Oil mills are spread over the district. Tourism[edit] Peruvudaiyaar Temple[edit]

Airavateswara Temple,Darasuram in Thanjavur
Thanjavur
District
District
is built by Rajaraja Chola II in the 12th century CE, is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Peruvudaiyaar Temple, built by the Cholas
Cholas
and a UNESCO World Heritage Site is located at Thanjavur. The green paddy fields and the Kaveri river provide for picturesque spots in the district. Airavateswara temple
Airavateswara temple
near Kumbakonam
Kumbakonam
is also a UNESCO declared World Heritage site and another major tourist attraction in the district. Flora[edit] Thanjavur
Thanjavur
flora were explored and studied by S.A Ganapathy in 1992.[8] Cultural Significance[edit] Thanjavur
Thanjavur
is renown for the "Saraswathi veena"(the National instrument), Thanjavur
Thanjavur
Art plates, Thanjavur
Thanjavur
oil paintings and Thalaiyatti Bommai. Notable people[edit]

V. S. Srinivasa Sastri U. V. Swaminatha Iyer Srinivasa Ramanujan G. Subramania Iyer S. Kasturi Ranga Iyengar S.Shankar D.Bharat

See also[edit]

Chola Nadu Achanoor Adirampattinam Kumbakonam Temples of Kumbakonam Ayyampettai peravurani pattukkottai

Notes and references[edit]

^ district Collector ^ City Superintendent of Police ^ www.tn.gov.in ^ a b "Census Info 2011 Final population totals". Office of The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2013. Retrieved 26 January 2014.  ^ "Census Info 2011 Final population totals – Thanjavur
Thanjavur
district". Office of The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2013. Retrieved 26 January 2014.  ^ Nathan, K. K. (October 1995). "Assessment of Recent Droughts in Tamil Nadu" (PDF). Drought Network News. Archived from the original (PDF) on 17 March 2003.  ^ "Welcome to Thanjavur
Thanjavur
( District
District
Official Website)". District Administration of Thanjavur.  ^ Ragupathy, Subramanyam (1992). Flora
Flora
of Thanjavur
Thanjavur
District. Doctoral dissertation, PhD thesis. Madras, India: Centre for Advanced Study in Botany, University of Madras. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Thanjavur
Thanjavur
district.

Thanjavur
Thanjavur
District
District
Development Authority

v t e

 State of Tamil Nadu

Capital: Chennai

State symbols

Seal: Srivilliputhur Andal Temple
Srivilliputhur Andal Temple
Gopuram Animal: Nilgiri tahr Bird: Emerald dove Flower: Gloriosa lily Fruit: Jackfruit Tree: Palm tree

Governance

Governors Chief Ministers Legislative Assembly Political parties Raj Bhavan High Court Police

Topics

Cinema Cuisine Economy Government History Language Literature Music People Education Politics Temples Protected areas Highest point Wildlife Sexual Minorities Tourism

Districts

Ariyalur Chennai Coimbatore Cuddalore Dharmapuri Dindigul Erode Kanchipuram Kanyakumari Karur Krishnagiri Madurai Nagapattinam Namakkal Perambalur Pudukkottai Ramanathapuram Salem Sivaganga Thanjavur The Nilgiris Theni Thoothukudi Tiruchirapalli Tirunelveli Tiruppur Tiruvallur Tiruvannamalai Tiruvarur Vellore Viluppuram Virudhunagar

Major cities

Chennai Coimbatore Madurai Tiruchirapalli Tiruppur

Tamil Nadu

v t e

Thanjavur
Thanjavur
district

District
District
headquarters

Thanjavur

Country

India

State

Tamil Nadu

Region

Chola Nadu

Divisions

Kumbakonam Pattukkottai Thanjavur

Taluks

Kumbakonam Orathanadu Papanasam Pattukkottai Peravurani Thanjavur Thiruvaiyaru Thiruvidaimarudur

Revenue blocks

Ammapettai Budalur Kumbakonam Madukkur Orathanadu Papanasam Pattukkottai Peravurani Sethubhavachatram Thanjavur Thiruppanandal Thiruvaiyaru Thiruvidaimarudur Thiruvonam

Municipal Corporations

Thanjavur

Municipalities

Kumbakonam Pattukkottai

Rivers

Arasalar Kaveri Kollidam

History

Early Cholas Kalabhra dynasty Pallava dynasty Medieval Cholas Later Cholas Later Pandyas Delhi Sultanate Madurai
Madurai
Sultanate Vijayanagara Empire Thanjavur
Thanjavur
Nayaks Thanjavur
Thanjavur
Marathas Company Raj British Raj

Places of interest

Adi Kumbeswarar Temple Airavatesvara Temple Aiyarappar temple Brihadeeswarar Temple Kalyanasundaresar Temple Kampaheswarar Temple Kanjanur Mahalingeswarar Temple Manora Fort Melattur Nachiyar Koil Poondi Madha Basilica Punnainallur Mariamman Samadhi of Bodhendra Saraswathi Sarangapani Temple Saraswathi Mahal Library Sivaganga Park Suryanar Kovil Swamimalai Murugan Temple Swetha Vinayagar Temple Thanjavur
Thanjavur
Maratha Palace Thingalur Tiruvidaimarudur Conservation Reserve Uppiliappan Temple Vasishteswarar Temple Veetrirundha Perumal Temple

Religious and monastic institutions

Trichy-Tanjore Diocese of the Church of South India Roman Catholic Diocese of Kumbakonam Roman Catholic Diocese of Tanjore Sri Sankara Mutt Sri Sridhara Ayyaval Mutt Sri Vijayendra Mutt Sri Vittal Rukmini Samsthan Thiruppanandal Adheenam

Universities

Periyar Maniammai University SASTRA University PRIST University Tamil University

Cities and towns People Villages

 

v t e

Largest cities or towns in Thanjavur
Thanjavur
district Census of TN 2011

Rank

Taluk Pop.

Thanjavur

Kumbakonam 1 Thanjavur Thanjavur
Thanjavur
taluk 290,724

2 Kumbakonam Kumbakonam
Kumbakonam
taluk 167,098

3 Pattukkottai Pattukkottai
Pattukkottai
taluk 65,553

4 Adiramapattinam Pattukkottai
Pattukkottai
taluk 31,066

5 Peravurani Peravurani
Peravurani
taluk 21,035

6 Papanasam Papanasam
Papanasam
taluk 16,397

7 Madukkur Pattukkottai
Pattukkottai
taluk 15,436

8 Thiruvaiyaru Thiruvaiyaru
Thiruvaiyaru
taluk 14,535

9 Vallam Thanjavur
Thanjavur
taluk 14,495

10 Ayyampettai ( Thanjavur
Thanjavur
district) Papanasam
Papanasam

.