Thanh Hóa (Vietnamese: [tʰajŋ hwǎː] ( listen)) is a province in the North Central Coast region of Vietnam. This is a relatively large province, which ranks as fifth in area and as third in population among 63 central administrative subdivisions. Its capital and largest city is Thanh Hóa City . The province is widely called Xứ Thanh which means Thanh Hóa land in Vietnamese.
Human civilization has existed in Thanh Hóa for about 6,000 years, as one of the earliest destinations of the ancient Vietnamese. Archaeological excavations have revealed that the first culture presented was the Đa Bút Culture, a culture located along the Sông Đáy river and the Sông Mã river.
Thanh Hóa is located in the middle of North Vietnam and North Central Coast as a transition at many aspects: geology, climate, administrative division and local culture. Thus, these factors show that Xứ Thanh is a province with many particular local habits and customs and cultures.
Thanh Hóa has one provincial municipality, two townships and 24 counties with area of 11,133.4 km2 and population of approximate 3.5 million. Sầm Sơn township is a famous seaside resort situated 16 km from the Thanh Hóa city centre. Whilst, Bỉm Sơn township is a large industrial centre especially cement. The province is also home of many ethnic groups, in which the most seven ethnicities are Kinh, Mường, Thái, H'Mông, Dao, Thổ, Khơ-mú.
Thanh Hóa is subdivided into 27 district-level sub-divisions:
They are further subdivided into 28 commune-level towns (or townlets), 579 communes, and 30 wards.
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