Théodore André Monod (Rouen, April 9, 1902 – Versailles, November
22, 2000) was a French naturalist, explorer, and humanist scholar.
2 Private life and activism
3 Scientific work
4 Selected works
6 Authority name
8 External links
Early in his career, Monod was made professor at the Muséum national
d'Histoire naturelle and founded the Institut Français d’Afrique
Noire in Senegal. He became a member of the Académie des sciences
d'outre-mer in 1949, member of the
Académie de Marine
Académie de Marine in 1957, and
member of the
Académie des Sciences
Académie des Sciences in 1963. In 1960 he was one of
the founders of the World Academy of Art and Science.
He began his career in Africa with the study of monk seals on
Mauritania's Cap Blanc peninsula. However, he soon turned his
attention to the
Sahara desert, which he would survey for more than
sixty years in search of meteorites. Though he failed to find the
meteorite he sought, he discovered numerous plant species as well as
Neolithic sites. Perhaps his most important find
(together with Wladimir Besnard) was the Asselar man, a 6,000-year-old
skeleton of the
Adrar des Ifoghas
Adrar des Ifoghas that many scholars believe to be the
first remains of a distinctly black person.
Private life and activism
Monod, the son of Wilfred Monod, attended the Lycée Pierre Corneille
in Rouen. His father was a pastor of l'Oratoire du Louvre, which
Theodore also attended. He subsequently became the founding president
Francophone Unitarian Association (1986-1990), the first openly
Unitarian religious organization established in France, and later
sponsored a spin-off of the AUF known as the Fraternal Assembly of
Monod was also politically active, taking part in pacifist and
antinuclear protests until only some months before his death. He wrote
several articles and books that adumbrated the emerging
environmentalist movement. He described himself as a Christian
Monod was the great-grandson of Frédéric Monod. He shared a common
ancestor with biologist Jacques Monod, the musician Jacques-Louis
Monod, the politician Jérôme Monod, and director Jean-Luc Godard.
The scientific bibliography of
Théodore Monod includes more than 700
works on topics from his thesis subject, the
Gnathiidae (a family of
parasitic Isopoda), to the subject that he held close to his heart
until his death: the Scaridae, which he published on in 1994 in
collaboration with Canadian research scientist Andrea Bullock.
Works re-edited and released by
Actes Sud (Arles):
Méharées, (Paris, 1937), rééd. 1989.
L'Émeraude des garamantes, (éditions de L'Harmattan, Paris, 1984),
L'Hippopotame et le philosophe, rééd. 1993.
Désert lybique, éditions Arthaud, 1994.
Majâbat Al-Koubrâ, Actes Sud, 1996.
Maxence au désert, Actes Sud, Arles, 1995.
Tais-toi et marche ..., exploration journal from El
Ghallaouya-Aratane-Chinguetti, Actes Sud, 2002.
1960 Patrons's Medal of the
Royal Geographical Society
Royal Geographical Society for his work in
the Sahara. 
The standard author abbreviation Monod is used to indicate this person
as the author when citing a botanical name.
This article began as a translation of the corresponding article at
the French, accessed 17 December 2005.
^ Lycée Pierre Corneille de
Rouen - History
^ "Theodore Monod obituary". The Daily Telegraph. London. 24 November
^ "List of Past Gold Medal Winners" (PDF). Royal Geographical Society.
Retrieved 24 August 2015.
^ IPNI. Monod.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Théodore Monod.
Obituary at monachus-guardian.org
webAfriqa — Théodore Monod, fondateur-directeur de l'IFAN
Théodore Monod (French language)
"Un exceptionel naturtaliste eclectique", Autres Temps, 2001, vol. 70
issue 70, pp. 25–38
ISNI: 0000 0001 2147 5329
BNF: cb11916563s (data)