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[[assamese language]]

Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)

ISO 3166 code IN-AS

Vehicle registration As -12

Website sonitpur.nic.in

Tezpur
Tezpur
(/tɛzˈpʊə/) is a city and Urban Agglomeration and the administrative headquarters and municipal board of Sonitpur
Sonitpur
district in the state of Assam
Assam
in northeastern India. Tezpur
Tezpur
is a fast growing City on the banks of the river Brahmaputra
Brahmaputra
and is the largest of the north bank towns with a population exceeding 100,000. It is 175 kilometres (109 mi) northeast of Guwahati, considered to be the "Cultural Capital of Assam". Tezpur
Tezpur
is also known as the Most Clean City of Assam
Assam
because of its clean and green view. Tezpur
Tezpur
attracts every visitor who comes here with its beautiful parks, hillocks, sceneries and well established hotels.

Contents

1 History

1.1 Etymology 1.2 Medieval era 1.3 British raj 1.4 Post-independence

2 Geography

2.1 Climate

3 Cultural

3.1 Demographics 3.2 Religion 3.3 Local dances 3.4 Local areas/sites of interest

4 Economy

4.1 Government sector 4.2 Media and communications sector 4.3 Transport sector 4.4 Education and research sector

5 Notable person 6 References

6.1 See also 6.2 External links 6.3 Citations

History[edit] Etymology[edit] The name Tezpur
Tezpur
is derived from the Sanskrit
Sanskrit
words 'teja' (meaning blood) and 'pura' (meaning town or city). Legend
Legend
has it that the original name of this place was 'Sonitpur' ('sonit' in Sanskrit
Sanskrit
also means blood). When the battle between Krishna's army and Lord Shiva, his disciple Banasura's army fought for the rescue of Aniruddha
Aniruddha
(who was the grandson of Lord Krishna, according to legend) there was so much bloodshed that the place was stained red. This led to the name of the place becoming Tezpur. The Shiva
Shiva
temples in and around Tezpur shows the love and devotions of King Baanasur for Lord Shiva. Banasura
Banasura
was the eldest of the hundred sons of Bali, who in turn was the son of Virochana and grandson of Prahlada
Prahlada
(son of Hiranyakashipu and devotee of Narasimha). Banas mother was Vindhyavali. Bana, the king of demons (asuras), ruled over Sonita-pura. The word 'bana' also means an arrow. He went to the Himalayan regions and performed a penance invoking Shiva's favour. When Shiva
Shiva
appeared in answer to his austerities, Bana begged the god to bestow a thousand arms carrying a multitude of weapons to destroy his enemies and opponents. He also desired that Parvati should consider him as her son. Bana was a great devotee of Shiva
Shiva
and there are several famous self manifest bana-lingas being worshipped in India. Banasura
Banasura
was a powerful and terrible asura. All people, the king of earth, and Devas of heaven were afraid of him. Bana was a follower of Siva. Banasura
Banasura
ruled in present-day central Assam
Assam
with his capital at Sonitpur
Sonitpur
(present-day Tezpur). Banasura's wife's was Kandala. Banasura
Banasura
had a beautiful daughter named Usha. Usha one day saw a young man in her dream and fell in love with him. He was Aniruddha, the grandson of Lord Krishna. There was a war between Banasura
Banasura
and Krishna
Krishna
in which Banasura
Banasura
was defeated. Krishna
Krishna
married Usha with Aniruddha
Aniruddha
and brought them to dwaraka. Banasura
Banasura
moved to Himalayas and devoted his life in worship of Shiva Medieval era[edit] Historical ruins from the 8th and 9th centuries dot the surrounding areas. The ruins of Bamuni Hills are the most famous. They resemble Gupta period
Gupta period
art. Accordingly, there are plenty of myths as well. The ruins of Da Parbatia
Da Parbatia
are an example of the architecture around the 6th century AD.

A bas-relief displaying a historical incident at Kankalata Udyan, Tezpur

British raj[edit] Modern Tezpur
Tezpur
was founded by the British colonial administration in 1835 as the headquarters of Darrang district. During World War II, Tezpur
Tezpur
received large numbers of refugees fleeing from Burma, particularly the corps of Anglo-Burmese
Anglo-Burmese
and Anglo-Indian
Anglo-Indian
nurses. After independence of India
India
in 1947, it remained the headquarters of Darrang district. During the Sino-Indian War
Sino-Indian War
of 1962 the Chinese army advanced to the Tawang
Tawang
city, Arunachal Pradesh. The town was evacuated. The jails were opened and the prisoners released.[citation needed] Rock inscriptions: In 1897, Sir Edward Albert Gait discovered a copper inscription in Tezpur
Tezpur
the deciphering of which provided information regarding the Ahom rulers.[citation needed] He referenced the nine line inscription of Harjjar Varma in 'A History of Assam'. The inscription, dating to 829 A.D., is the first historical record of Assam. The inscription was found engraved on a massive stone some 2 kilometres (1.2 mi) from Tezpur
Tezpur
town near Rudrapad Temple.[citation needed] Hazara Pukhuri: A king of the dynasty Harjjar Varma excavated a large pond in 70 acres (280,000 m2) of land, later came to be known as Hajara Pukhuri (Harjjara Pukhuri).[citation needed] Christian cemetery: The cemetery dates to the 17th century. It contains the grave of Alexander Bruce, founder of the tea industry in India, and of Europeans who died here before independence.[citation needed] The first electric power station in this part of India
India
was established at Tezpur
Tezpur
by the British in 1913.[citation needed] Jonaki: The first cinema hall of Northeast India
India
was established by Jyoti Prasad Agarwala
Jyoti Prasad Agarwala
in 1935.[citation needed] Chitraban: The first film studio of Northeast India
India
was established by Jyoti Prasad Agarwala
Jyoti Prasad Agarwala
in 1934.[citation needed] The twin lakes Bor Pukhuri and the Padum Pukhuri in the heart of the city memorialize King Bana and his daughter Usha.[citation needed] Post-independence[edit] In 1983 a part of the district was carved out to form a separate district, Darrang. Tezpur
Tezpur
was made the headquarters of the new district of Sonitpur.[citation needed] Geography[edit] The town is on the north bank of the Brahmaputra
Brahmaputra
River. The rivers in and around Tezpur
Tezpur
are fast flowing, especially from the Himalayas foothills.[citation needed][clarification needed] Tezpur
Tezpur
has a number of small hillocks, so that flooding doesn't occur during the monsoons.[citation needed][clarification needed] Climate[edit] The average temperature in summer is around 36 °C (97 °F) while the average winter temperature is around 13 °C (55 °F).[2] Cultural[edit]

Bishnu Rabha
Rabha
Smriti Udyan

Bishnu Rabha's Cremation spot at Tezpur

Tezpur
Tezpur
is considered to be the cultural capital of Assamese culture. Being from the core Assamese cultural region, several notables including Dr. Bhupen Hazarika, Jyoti Prasad Agarwala
Jyoti Prasad Agarwala
(1903–51), Kalaguru Bishnu Prasad Rabha
Rabha
(1909–69), and Phani Sarma
Phani Sarma
(1909–70), were from Tezpur. Baan Stage was the theatre that was the grooming ground for the famous trio. Also the Nikamal Satra at Mazgaon, a center of Vaishnavaite culture is worth visiting. Passing through Tezpur, at Dadhara the Jyoti-Bishnu khelpathar is an important attraction. The fields are used for cultural events. Demographics[edit] The population is largely heterogeneous. indigenous Assamese communities like Ahoms, Assamese Brahmins
Assamese Brahmins
(including Ganaks), Assamese Kayastha, Kalitas, Sonowal–Kacharis, Koch Rajbongshis, Keot(Kaibarta), Sutiyas, Thengal–Kacharis, Sarania–Kacharis, Bodo, Rabha, Mishing(Miri), Karbi(Mikir), Nath, Kumar, Dimasa, Tiwa(Lalung), Tai Phake and other Tai groups, Moran and Motok, Deoris, Doms/Nadiyals, Assamese Muslims, Assamese Sikhs[3] and Assamese Christians, and Nepali communities form the majority.Bengali, Nepali, Bihari, Marwari communities form the majority. People from tribes such as the tea-tribes (brought in by the colonial planters as indentured labourers from the Chhotanagpur plateau region), Bodos, Mishings etc. have also made it their home. Religion[edit] The majority of the people in the urban areas are of Hindu faith although a small number of Jains Sikhs and Muslim are also found.In the rural areas the people adhere to a reformed form of Hinduism known as neo-vaishnavite movement founded in 1500's by the great Assamese reformer Srimanta Sankardeva. Local dances[edit]

Bihu dance
Bihu dance
is a group dance of males and females. Bagurumba
Bagurumba
is a Bodo folk dance.

Local areas/sites of interest[edit]

Agnigarh
Agnigarh
- Also Usha- Aniruddha
Aniruddha
Udyan[citation needed] Bhairabi Temple
Bhairabi Temple
- Durga shrine also known as Maithan or Bhairabi Devalaya[citation needed] Hanuman Mandir - temple of hanuman near the Bhairabi Temple[citation needed]

Stone statue of Lord Hanuman in Hanuman Mandir, Tezpur

Cole Park[citation needed] - Also known as Chitralekha Udyan Kolia Bhomora Setu
Kolia Bhomora Setu
- The 3.015 kilometres (1.873 mi) long road bridge across the Brahmaputra[citation needed] Ketakeshwar Dewal
Ketakeshwar Dewal
- Shiva
Shiva
shrine[citation needed] Mahabhairav Temple
Mahabhairav Temple
- Shiva
Shiva
shrine[citation needed] Padum Pukhuri - Central lake with an island in the middle[citation needed] Rudrapath - Shiva
Shiva
shrine[citation needed] Bamuni Pahar[citation needed] Da Parbatia
Da Parbatia
Gate of Gupta period[citation needed] Hazara pukhuri- Pond of gupta period.It was dug in the name of great king Hazar-barman.[citation needed] Nag Shankar- Temple of lord Shiva[citation needed] Kanaklata Udyan[citation needed] Ganesh Ghat temple - (For the temple as well the beautiful sunset of the Brahmaputra)[citation needed] Garh Doul
Garh Doul
- An archaeological site situated at Tarajan Kumargaon, Tezpur.[citation needed]

Agnigarh
Agnigarh
Hill, Tezpur

Economy[edit] The economy of Tezpur
Tezpur
is dependent on its tea gardens. There are many tea gardens surrounding the town. The gardens and agriculture contribute to the local economy. The Zone III of the Assam
Assam
Branch Indian Tea Association(ABITA) is located at Tezpur. Presently Tezpur
Tezpur
is a commercial, administrative and educational centre. It also houses a major base of the Indian Army
Indian Army
and Airforce (Salonibari). Government sector[edit] Tezpur
Tezpur
is part of Tezpur
Tezpur
(Lok Sabha constituency).[4] Media and communications sector[edit] Assamese newspaper Dainik Agradoot is published from Tezpur
Tezpur
along with Guwahati
Guwahati
and Jorhat. All India
India
Radio has a local station in Tezpur
Tezpur
which transmits programs of mass interest.[citation needed] Transport sector[edit] Tezpur
Tezpur
is connected to the rest of the country by road, rail and air.

The Kolia Bhomora Bridge, over the Brahmaputra, was opened in 1987 and is 3,015 metres (3,297 yd) long.

In 1987 the Kolia Bhomora Setu, over the Brahmaputra, was inaugurated connecting Tezpur
Tezpur
to the southern district of Nagaon. The bridge is the longest over the river, spanning 3,015 metres (3,297 yd), has become a tourist attraction. Dekargaon railway station
Dekargaon railway station
is the nearest railway station of Tezpur
Tezpur
which is about 10 km away from the town. The airport is located at Salonibari, 10 km from the heart of the city but is very less operated and connects to very few Indian cities which includes state capital Guwahati
Guwahati
and Kolkata.[5] Education and research sector[edit]

Tezpur
Tezpur
University

Central university

Tezpur
Tezpur
University

Engineering institute

Girijananda Chowdhury Institute of Management and Technology, Tezpur

Medical

Lokopriya Gopinath Bordoloi Regional Institute of Mental Health Tezpur
Tezpur
Medical College

Research institute

North Eastern Regional Institute of Water and Land Management Defence Research Laboratory Department of Electronic Accreditation Computer Course Indian Statistical Institute, North East Centre Jyoti Kola Kendra (Music/Dance/Art)

General colleges

Darrang College L.G.B. Girls College Tezpur
Tezpur
College Tezpur
Tezpur
Law College

CBSE affiliated schools

Air Force School, Tezpur Army School Kendriya Vidyalaya, Central University Tezpur Kendriya Vidyalaya#1 Kendriya Vidyalaya#2 St. Marys School, Tezpur Tezpur
Tezpur
Gurukul, Chatai Chaport

ICSE Affiliated School

Assam
Assam
VAlley School

Notable person[edit]

Sarbananda Sonowal-chief minister of assam Hem Barua- Prominent Assamese poet and politician from Assam[citation needed] Bishnu Prasad Rabha- Communist political figure[citation needed] Jyoti Prasad Agarwala[citation needed] Phani Sarma[citation needed] Charles Alexander Bruce[citation needed]

References[edit] See also[edit]

Northeast India North Eastern Council Ministry for Development of North Eastern Region

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Tezpur.

Tezpur
Tezpur
travel guide from Wikivoyage Sonitpur
Sonitpur
District Tezpur
Tezpur
University LGBRIMH TEZPUR [1] TezpurOnline.in - From Anything To Everything TEZPUR IN BRITANNICA TEZPUR AT OSGEOINT

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Fairs and Festivals Hindu Temples History

Citations[edit]

^ http://www.censusindia.gov.in/pca/SearchDetails.aspx?Id=306544 ^ "Tezpur, India
India
Weather Averages - Monthly Average High and Low Temperature - Average Precipitation and Rainfall days - World Weather Online". Retrieved 2 February 2015.  ^ "Meet the Axomiya Sikhs". The Tribune. Chandigarh. 24 March 2013.  ^ "List of Parliamentary & Assembly Constituencies" (PDF). Assam. Election Commission of India. Retrieved 2008-10-06.  ^ "Kolia Bhomora". Akash Pratim Baruah's website. Archived from the original on October 26, 2009. Retrieved 5 May 2007. CS1 maint: Unfit url (link)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 15956

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