ISO 3166 code
Tezpur (/tɛzˈpʊə/) is a city and Urban Agglomeration and the
administrative headquarters and municipal board of
in the state of
Assam in northeastern India.
Tezpur is a fast growing
City on the banks of the river
Brahmaputra and is the largest of the
north bank towns with a population exceeding 100,000. It is 175
kilometres (109 mi) northeast of Guwahati, considered to be the
"Cultural Capital of Assam".
Tezpur is also known as the Most Clean
Assam because of its clean and green view.
every visitor who comes here with its beautiful parks, hillocks,
sceneries and well established hotels.
1.2 Medieval era
1.3 British raj
3.3 Local dances
3.4 Local areas/sites of interest
4.1 Government sector
4.2 Media and communications sector
4.3 Transport sector
4.4 Education and research sector
5 Notable person
6.1 See also
6.2 External links
Tezpur is derived from the
Sanskrit words 'teja' (meaning
blood) and 'pura' (meaning town or city).
Legend has it that the
original name of this place was 'Sonitpur' ('sonit' in
means blood). When the battle between Krishna's army and Lord Shiva,
his disciple Banasura's army fought for the rescue of
was the grandson of Lord Krishna, according to legend) there was so
much bloodshed that the place was stained red. This led to the name of
the place becoming Tezpur. The
Shiva temples in and around Tezpur
shows the love and devotions of King Baanasur for Lord Shiva.
Banasura was the eldest of the hundred sons of Bali, who in turn was
the son of
Virochana and grandson of
Prahlada (son of Hiranyakashipu
and devotee of Narasimha). Banas mother was Vindhyavali. Bana, the
king of demons (asuras), ruled over Sonita-pura. The word 'bana' also
means an arrow. He went to the Himalayan regions and performed a
penance invoking Shiva's favour. When
Shiva appeared in answer to his
austerities, Bana begged the god to bestow a thousand arms carrying a
multitude of weapons to destroy his enemies and opponents. He also
desired that Parvati should consider him as her son. Bana was a great
Shiva and there are several famous self manifest
bana-lingas being worshipped in India.
Banasura was a powerful and
terrible asura. All people, the king of earth, and Devas of heaven
were afraid of him. Bana was a follower of Siva.
Banasura ruled in
Assam with his capital at
Tezpur). Banasura's wife's was Kandala.
Banasura had a beautiful
daughter named Usha. Usha one day saw a young man in her dream and
fell in love with him. He was Aniruddha, the grandson of Lord Krishna.
There was a war between
Krishna in which
Krishna married Usha with
Aniruddha and brought them to
Banasura moved to Himalayas and devoted his life in worship
Historical ruins from the 8th and 9th centuries dot the surrounding
areas. The ruins of Bamuni Hills are the most famous. They resemble
Gupta period art. Accordingly, there are plenty of myths as well. The
Da Parbatia are an example of the architecture around the 6th
A bas-relief displaying a historical incident at Kankalata Udyan,
Tezpur was founded by the British colonial administration in
1835 as the headquarters of Darrang district. During World War II,
Tezpur received large numbers of refugees fleeing from Burma,
particularly the corps of
Anglo-Indian nurses. After
India in 1947, it remained the headquarters of Darrang
district. During the
Sino-Indian War of 1962 the Chinese army advanced
Tawang city, Arunachal Pradesh. The town was evacuated. The
jails were opened and the prisoners released.
Rock inscriptions: In 1897, Sir
Edward Albert Gait discovered a copper
Tezpur the deciphering of which provided information
regarding the Ahom rulers. He referenced the nine
line inscription of Harjjar Varma in 'A History of Assam'. The
inscription, dating to 829 A.D., is the first historical record of
Assam. The inscription was found engraved on a massive stone some 2
kilometres (1.2 mi) from
Tezpur town near Rudrapad
Hazara Pukhuri: A king of the dynasty Harjjar Varma excavated a large
pond in 70 acres (280,000 m2) of land, later came to be known as
Hajara Pukhuri (Harjjara Pukhuri).
Christian cemetery: The cemetery dates to the 17th century. It
contains the grave of Alexander Bruce, founder of the tea industry in
India, and of Europeans who died here before independence.[citation
The first electric power station in this part of
India was established
Tezpur by the British in 1913.
Jonaki: The first cinema hall of Northeast
India was established by
Jyoti Prasad Agarwala
Jyoti Prasad Agarwala in 1935.
Chitraban: The first film studio of Northeast
India was established by
Jyoti Prasad Agarwala
Jyoti Prasad Agarwala in 1934.
The twin lakes Bor Pukhuri and the Padum Pukhuri in the heart of the
city memorialize King Bana and his daughter Usha.
In 1983 a part of the district was carved out to form a separate
Tezpur was made the headquarters of the new
district of Sonitpur.
The town is on the north bank of the
The rivers in and around
Tezpur are fast flowing, especially from the
Himalayas foothills.[clarification needed]
a number of small hillocks, so that flooding doesn't occur during the
monsoons.[clarification needed]
The average temperature in summer is around 36 °C (97 °F)
while the average winter temperature is around 13 °C
Rabha Smriti Udyan
Bishnu Rabha's Cremation spot at Tezpur
Tezpur is considered to be the cultural capital of Assamese culture.
Being from the core Assamese cultural region, several notables
including Dr. Bhupen Hazarika,
Jyoti Prasad Agarwala
Jyoti Prasad Agarwala (1903–51),
Kalaguru Bishnu Prasad
Rabha (1909–69), and
Phani Sarma (1909–70),
were from Tezpur. Baan Stage was the theatre that was the grooming
ground for the famous trio. Also the Nikamal Satra at Mazgaon, a
center of Vaishnavaite culture is worth visiting.
Passing through Tezpur, at Dadhara the Jyoti-Bishnu khelpathar is an
important attraction. The fields are used for cultural events.
The population is largely heterogeneous. indigenous Assamese
communities like Ahoms,
Assamese Brahmins (including Ganaks), Assamese
Kayastha, Kalitas, Sonowal–Kacharis, Koch Rajbongshis,
Keot(Kaibarta), Sutiyas, Thengal–Kacharis, Sarania–Kacharis, Bodo,
Rabha, Mishing(Miri), Karbi(Mikir), Nath, Kumar, Dimasa, Tiwa(Lalung),
Tai Phake and other Tai groups, Moran and Motok, Deoris,
Doms/Nadiyals, Assamese Muslims, Assamese Sikhs and Assamese
Christians, and Nepali communities form the majority.Bengali, Nepali,
Bihari, Marwari communities form the majority.
People from tribes such as the tea-tribes (brought in by the colonial
planters as indentured labourers from the Chhotanagpur plateau
region), Bodos, Mishings etc. have also made it their home.
The majority of the people in the urban areas are of Hindu faith
although a small number of Jains Sikhs and Muslim are also found.In
the rural areas the people adhere to a reformed form of Hinduism known
as neo-vaishnavite movement founded in 1500's by the great Assamese
reformer Srimanta Sankardeva.
Bihu dance is a group dance of males and females.
Bagurumba is a Bodo folk dance.
Local areas/sites of interest
Agnigarh - Also Usha-
Aniruddha Udyan
Bhairabi Temple - Durga shrine also known as Maithan or Bhairabi
Hanuman Mandir - temple of hanuman near the Bhairabi Temple[citation
Stone statue of Lord Hanuman in Hanuman Mandir, Tezpur
Cole Park - Also known as Chitralekha Udyan
Kolia Bhomora Setu
Kolia Bhomora Setu - The 3.015 kilometres (1.873 mi) long road
bridge across the Brahmaputra
Ketakeshwar Dewal -
Shiva shrine
Mahabhairav Temple -
Shiva shrine
Padum Pukhuri - Central lake with an island in the middle[citation
Shiva shrine
Bamuni Pahar
Da Parbatia Gate of Gupta period
Hazara pukhuri- Pond of gupta period.It was dug in the name of great
king Hazar-barman.
Nag Shankar- Temple of lord Shiva
Kanaklata Udyan
Ganesh Ghat temple - (For the temple as well the beautiful sunset of
the Brahmaputra)
Garh Doul - An archaeological site situated at Tarajan Kumargaon,
Agnigarh Hill, Tezpur
The economy of
Tezpur is dependent on its tea gardens. There are many
tea gardens surrounding the town. The gardens and agriculture
contribute to the local economy. The Zone III of the
Indian Tea Association(ABITA) is located at Tezpur.
Tezpur is a commercial, administrative and educational
centre. It also houses a major base of the
Indian Army and Airforce
Tezpur is part of
Tezpur (Lok Sabha constituency).
Media and communications sector
Dainik Agradoot is published from
Tezpur along with
Guwahati and Jorhat.
India Radio has a local station in
Tezpur which transmits programs
of mass interest.
Tezpur is connected to the rest of the country by road, rail and air.
The Kolia Bhomora Bridge, over the Brahmaputra, was opened in 1987 and
is 3,015 metres (3,297 yd) long.
In 1987 the Kolia Bhomora Setu, over the Brahmaputra, was inaugurated
Tezpur to the southern district of Nagaon. The bridge is
the longest over the river, spanning 3,015 metres (3,297 yd), has
become a tourist attraction.
Dekargaon railway station
Dekargaon railway station is the nearest
railway station of
Tezpur which is about 10 km away from the
town. The airport is located at Salonibari, 10 km from the heart
of the city but is very less operated and connects to very few Indian
cities which includes state capital
Guwahati and Kolkata.
Education and research sector
Girijananda Chowdhury Institute of Management and Technology, Tezpur
Lokopriya Gopinath Bordoloi Regional Institute of Mental Health
Tezpur Medical College
North Eastern Regional Institute of Water and Land Management
Defence Research Laboratory
Department of Electronic Accreditation Computer Course
Indian Statistical Institute, North East Centre
Jyoti Kola Kendra (Music/Dance/Art)
L.G.B. Girls College
Tezpur Law College
CBSE affiliated schools
Air Force School, Tezpur
Kendriya Vidyalaya, Central University Tezpur
St. Marys School, Tezpur
Tezpur Gurukul, Chatai Chaport
ICSE Affiliated School
Assam VAlley School
Sarbananda Sonowal-chief minister of assam
Hem Barua- Prominent Assamese poet and politician from Assam[citation
Bishnu Prasad Rabha- Communist political figure
Jyoti Prasad Agarwala
Phani Sarma
Charles Alexander Bruce
North Eastern Council
Ministry for Development of North Eastern Region
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Tezpur.
Tezpur travel guide from Wikivoyage
TezpurOnline.in - From Anything To Everything
TEZPUR IN BRITANNICA
TEZPUR AT OSGEOINT
List of educational institutions in Assam
Assam Province (1912 – 1947)
Assam (Since 1937)
Assam History Timeline
Districts and divisions
Karbi Anglong (West)
Assam (East Assam)
Assam (West Assam)
Barak Valley (South Assam)
Mora Dhansiri River
Halflong (The Hill station of Assam)
Traditional crafts of Assam
Folk dances of Assam
Textiles and dresses of
Assam (Muga and Eri)
music and cinema
List of Assamese Poets
List of Assamese writers Pen Names
List of Assamese Periodicals
The Arunodoi (
Orunodoi - 1846)
Assam Rhetorical Congress
Music of Assam
Cinema of Assam
Joymati, first Assamese motion picture
Guwahati Theatre Festival
List of people from Assam
Barua (and its variations)
Choudhury (and its variations)
Fairs and Festivals
India Weather Averages - Monthly Average High and Low
Temperature - Average Precipitation and Rainfall days - World Weather
Online". Retrieved 2 February 2015.
^ "Meet the Axomiya Sikhs". The Tribune. Chandigarh. 24 March
^ "List of Parliamentary & Assembly Constituencies" (PDF). Assam.
Election Commission of India. Retrieved 2008-10-06.
^ "Kolia Bhomora". Akash Pratim Baruah's website. Archived from the
original on October 26, 2009. Retrieved 5 May 2007. CS1 maint:
Unfit url (link)