Texaco, Inc. ("The
Texas Company") is an American oil subsidiary of
Chevron Corporation. Its flagship product is its fuel "
Techron". It also owns the
Havoline motor oil brand.
Texaco was an
independent company until its refining operations merged into Chevron
Corporation in 2001, at which time most of its station franchises were
divested to the Shell Oil Company. It began as the
Texas Fuel Company,
founded in 1901 in Beaumont, Texas, by Joseph S. Cullinan, Thomas J.
Donoghue, Walter Benona Sharp, and
Arnold Schlaet upon the discovery
of oil at Spindletop.
For many years,
Texaco was the only company selling gasoline under the
same brand name in all 50 US states, as well as Canada, making it the
most truly national brand among its competitors. It was also one of
the Seven Sisters which dominated the global petroleum industry from
the mid-1940s to the 1970s. Its current logo features a white star in
a red circle (a reference to the lone star of Texas), leading to the
long-running advertising jingles "You can trust your car to the man
who wears the star" and "Star of the American Road."
The company was headquartered in Harrison, New York, near White
Plains, prior to the merger with Chevron.
Texaco gasoline comes with Techron, an additive developed by Chevron,
as of 2005, replacing the previous CleanSystem3. The
Texaco brand is
strong in the U.S., Latin America and West Africa. It has a presence
in Europe as well; for example, it is a well-known retail brand in the
UK, with around 850 Texaco-branded service stations.[citation
1.1 1901–38: Beginnings
1.2 1939–63: The
Texas Company to Texaco, Inc.
1.3 1964–98: Various ventures
1.4 1999–present: Chevron Corporation
2 Corporate headquarters
3 In popular culture
5 Environmental issues
6 See also
8 External links
Gippsland Motor Garage, Old Gippstown, Moe, Victoria, Australia, with
Texaco gasoline pump and signage
Texaco advertising, Gippsland Motor Garage, Old Gippstown
Texaco petrol pump (1925)
Texaco tanker truck by
Dodge on display at the Henry Ford Museum.
Texaco was founded in
Beaumont, Texas as the
Texas Fuel Company in
1901. In 1905, it established an operation in Antwerp, Belgium, under
the name Continental
Petroleum Company, which it acquired control of
in 1913. The next year,
Texaco moved to new offices in Houston on
the corner of San Jacinto and Rusk. In 1928,
Texaco became the first
U.S. oil company to sell its gasoline nationwide under one single
brand name in all 48 states (50 states after Alaska and Hawaii joined
the Union in 1959).
Texaco purchased Indian Oil Company, based in Illinois. This
expanded Texaco's refining and marketing base in the Midwest and also
Texaco the rights to Indian's
Havoline motor oil, which became a
Texaco product. The next year,
Fire Chief gasoline
nationwide, a so-called "super-octane" motor fuel touted as meeting or
exceeding government standards for gasoline for fire engines and other
emergency vehicles. It was promoted through a radio program over
NBC hosted by Ed Wynn, called the
Texaco Fire Chief.
In 1936, the
Texas Corporation purchased the
Barco oil concession
Barco oil concession in
Colombia, and formed a joint venture with Socony-Vacuum, now Mobil, to
develop it. Over the next three years the company engaged in a highly
challenging project to drill wells and build a pipeline to the coast
across mountains and then through uncharted swamps and jungles.
During this time,
Texaco also illegally supplied the fascist Gen.
Franco faction in Spanish Civil War, despite a federal fine, with a
total 3,500,000 barrels (560,000 m3) of oil.
Also in 1936, marketing operations east of Suez (including Asia, East
Africa, and Australasia) were placed into a joint venture with
Standard Oil Company of
California – Socal (Chevron) under the brand
name Caltex, in exchange for Socal placing its
Bahrain refinery and
Arabian oilfields into the venture. The next year,
Walter Dorwin Teague
Walter Dorwin Teague to develop a modern service
Sky Chief gasoline, a premium fuel
developed from the ground up as a high-octane gasoline rather than
just an ethylized regular product. In 1939,
Texaco became one of the
first oil companies to introduce a "Registered Rest Room" program to
ensure that restroom facilities at all
Texaco stations nationwide
maintained a standard level of cleanliness to the motoring public.
Texas Company to Texaco, Inc.
Texaco fuel station in Miami Beach, Florida
Texaco fuel dispenser in United Kingdom
After the onset of World War II in 1939, Texaco's rogue CEO, Torkild
Rieber, an admirer of Hitler, hired pro-Nazi assistants who cabled
Berlin “coded information about ships leaving New York for Britain
and what their cargoes were.” This espionage easily enabled Hitler
to destroy the ships. In 1940, Rieber was forced to resign when his
connections with German Nazism, and his illegal supply of oil to the
fascist forces during the
Spanish Civil War
Spanish Civil War were made public by the
Herald Tribune through information produced by British Security
Coordination. Life Magazine portrayed Rieber's resignation
as unfair, advocating that he only dined with Westrick, and lent him a
During the war,
Texaco ranked 93rd among
United States corporations in
the value of military production contracts. In 1947, Caltex
expanded to include Texaco's European marketing operations. That same
Texaco merged its British operation with Trinidad Leaseholds
under the name Regent; it gained full control of Regent in 1956,
but the Regent brand remained in use until 1968-9. In 1954, the
company added the detergent additive Petrox to its "Sky Chief"
gasoline, which was also souped up with higher octane to meet the
antiknock needs of new cars with high-compression engines. The next
Texaco became the sole sponsor of
The Huntley-Brinkley Report
The Huntley-Brinkley Report on
NBC-TV. In 1959, the
Texas Company changed its corporate name to
Texaco, Inc. to better reflect the value of the
Texaco brand name,
which represented the biggest selling gasoline brand in the U.S. and
only marketer selling gasoline under one brand name in all 50 states.
It also acquired
McColl-Frontenac Oil Company Ltd. of Canada and
changes its name to
Texaco Canada Limited. Around this time,
Paragon Oil, a major fuel oil distribution company in the northeastern
U.S, was acquired.
1964–98: Various ventures
Texaco gas pumps,
Milford, Illinois 1977
Texaco fuel station in
Poá (São Paulo), Brazil, 2009
Texaco introduced the "Matawan" service station design at a
station in Matawan, New Jersey. Two years later,
the long-running banjo sign with a new hexagon logo that had
previously been test-marketed with the "Matawan" station design
introduced two years earlier. The new logo featured a red outline with
TEXACO in black bold lettering and a small banjo logo with a red star
and green T at bottom. The following year, the Regent name was
Texaco at British petrol stations. In 1970, in
response to increasingly stringent federal emission standards that
would ultimately lead to the mandating of unleaded gasoline in 1975
and later-model cars and trucks,
Texaco introduced lead-free
the first regular-octane lead-free gasoline at stations in the Los
Angeles area and throughout Southern California. Lead-free Texaco
became available nationwide in 1974. On November 20, 1980, the Lake
Peigneur/Jefferson Island disaster occurred. Two years later, a new
service station design was introduced. Several product names were also
changed with the advent of self-service including Lead-free
Fire Chief to
Texaco Regular, and Super Lead-free Sky
Texaco Super Unleaded.
Texaco Canada Limited merged with
Texaco Explorations Canada
Limited to form
Texaco Canada Incorporated, with head offices in
On November 19, 1985,
Pennzoil won a US$10.53 billion verdict against
Texaco in the largest civil verdict in US history. This was due to the
Texaco established a signed contract to buy
Getty Oil after
Pennzoil entered into an unsigned, yet still binding, buyout contract
with Gordon Getty. In 1987,
Texaco filed for bankruptcy. It was
the largest in U.S. history until 2001.
In January 1989,
Saudi Aramco agreed to form a joint
venture known as Star Enterprise in which
Saudi Aramco would own a 50%
share of Texaco's refining and marketing operations in the eastern
U.S. and Gulf Coast. In 1989,
Texaco introduced System3 gasolines
in all three grades of fuel, featuring the latest detergent additive
technology to improve performance by reducing deposits that clog fuel
injection systems. Toronto-based
Texaco Canada Incorporated was sold
Imperial Oil with all
Texaco Canada retail operations converted to
Esso brand. Two years later, the company was awarded the National
Medal of Arts. In 1991, non retail Canadian operations became
Petroleum Incorporated with head office in Calgary,
Alberta. In 1993, several dozen tribal leaders and residents from the
Ecuadoran Amazon filed a billion-dollar class-action lawsuit against
Texaco, as a result of massive ecological pollution of the area and
rivers around Texaco's Ecuadorian offshore drilling sites, causing
toxic contamination of approximately 30,000 residents.
In 1994, Texaco's System3 gasolines were replaced by new CleanSystem3
gasoline for improved engine performance. In 1995,
Texaco merged its
Danish and Norwegian downstream operations with those of Norsk Hydro
under the new brand HydroTexaco. This joint venture was sold in 2007
to Norwegian retail interests as YX Energi, following the purchase of
Hydro by Statoil. In 1996,
Texaco paid over $170 million to settle
racial discrimination lawsuits filed by black employees at the
company. It was the largest racial discrimination lawsuit settlement
in the U.S. at the time, and was particularly damaging to Texaco's
public relations when tapes were released containing ethnic slurs used
repeatedly by company officers at high-level corporate meetings.
1999–present: Chevron Corporation
Texaco station in Watauga, Texas, taken on 28 April 2016.
Texaco station in Lewisville, Texas, taken on June 10, 2017.
In 1999, the company formed the joint venture Equilon with Shell Oil
Company, combining their Western and Midwestern U.S. refining and
marketing. This gave rise to the 2006
U.S. Supreme Court
U.S. Supreme Court antitrust
Texaco Inc. v. Dagher, which cleared both
Texaco and Shell of
any antitrust liability concerning the pricing of Equilon's gasoline.
That same year, another joint venture, Motiva, was formed with Shell
Oil Company and
Saudi Aramco in which the Star Enterprise operations
were merged with the Eastern and Gulf Coast U.S. refining and
marketing operations of Shell. On February 8, 2002 Chevron
Corporation merged with
Texaco and Shell purchased Texaco's interest
in the Equilon and
Motiva joint ventures. Shell began
Texaco stations to the Shell brand the next year.
In July 2004, Chevron regained non-exclusive rights to the Texaco
brand name in the U.S. The following year, in August, Texaco
Techron additive into its fuels in the U.S. and parts
of Latin America. In 2007, Delek
Benelux took over marketing
activities for Chevron in Benelux, including 869 filling stations,
mostly under the
Chevron Corporation also sold its
Conoco stations in Mississippi to the
Texaco brand name.
Petroleum Incorporated was dissolved in 2008 with
Texaco exiting from
the Canadian market. In 2010
Texaco ended retail operations in the
Mid-Atlantic US, removing their brand from 450 stations in Delaware,
Indiana, Kentucky, North Carolina, New Jersey, Maryland, Ohio,
Pennsylvania, Virginia, West Virginia, Washington, D.C.
Prior to the merger, Texaco's headquarters, a 750,000-square-foot
(70,000 m2) building, were in Harrison, New York, near White
Plains. In 2002, Chevron sold the former Texaco
headquarters to Morgan Stanley.
Morgan Stanley bought the building and
the surrounding 107 acres (0.43 km2) for $42 million.
Texaco leased 14 floors of the
Chrysler Building in Midtown Manhattan,
New York City
New York City in the 1930s. As part of the leasing agreement with
Texaco the building opened the Cloud Club, a restaurant area for
Texaco moved to Westchester County, New York, in 1977.
This contributed to the closure of the
Cloud Club in 1979.
In popular culture
A location was used in the opening scene of Cheech & Chong's Next
Movie at 6407 West Sunset Boulevard in Los Angeles, California, where
the main characters Cheech and Chong siphon gasoline from a tow truck.
Jack in the Box
Jack in the Box now stands at that location.
Back to the Future
Back to the Future and
Back to the Future
Back to the Future Part II, a
in the center of Hill Valley is shown in 1955, 1985, and 2015.
In Stephen King's science fiction short story "The Jaunt", Texaco
exists in the future and has shifted from selling oil to water.
Nigel Mansell driving in the 1993 CART IndyCar World
Kenny Irwin Jr.
Kenny Irwin Jr. driving in the 1998
NASCAR Winston Cup
Ford Sierra RS500
Ford Sierra RS500 of
Klaus Ludwig and
Eggenberger Motorsport won the 1987 WTCC Entrants
Texaco is associated with the
Havoline brand of motor oil and other
automotive products. It was one of the sponsors of
NASCAR with many
drivers, such as Davey Allison, Ernie Irvan, Dale Jarrett; Kenny
Irwin, Jr.; Ricky Rudd, Jamie McMurray, Casey Mears, and Juan Pablo
Texaco recently sponsored the #42
Dodge driven by Montoya.
Havoline continuously sponsored a car from the early 1980s to 2008. At
the end of the 2008 season,
Havoline officially ended their
NASCAR and Chip Ganassi Racing. This brought to a
close a 20+-year relationship with the sport.
Texaco has also been involved in open wheel racing, sponsoring the
Grand Prix of Houston
Grand Prix of Houston along with sponsoring drivers like
Indianapolis 500 winner
Mario Andretti and his son Michael.
In Formula One,
Texaco sponsored the
Team Lotus in 1972 and 1973, and
McLaren from 1974 to 1978. The company returned to Grand Prix racing
at a smaller scale in 1997, with their brands appearing on the Stewart
SF01 car. Their association with the team and its successor, Jaguar
Racing, continued until the end of 2001.
Texaco sponsored the
Tom Walkinshaw Racing
Tom Walkinshaw Racing
Rover Vitesse factory team
at the 1985 and 1986
European Touring Car Championship (ETCC) under
their Bastos brand, and the
Ford Sierra RS500
Ford Sierra RS500 factory cars entered by
Eggenberger Motorsport in the 1987 World Touring Car Championship
(plus the 1988 ETCC and other European-based championships). Texaco
also sponsored cars in the 1987 World Rally Championship.
Texaco was the major sponsor (through their Australian
Colin Bond Racing in Australian touring car racing,
first with the
Alfa Romeo 75
Alfa Romeo 75 turbo in 1987, then the Ford Sierra RS500
from 1988-1992 and then Toyota's in 1993. From 2000 until 2007, it was
title sponsor of
Stone Brothers Racing
Stone Brothers Racing with
Russell Ingall winning the
2005 championship. In 2016,
Caltex became title sponsor of the Triple
Eight Race Engineering car of Craig Lowndes, having previously been an
associate sponsor of the team.
Texaco was long associated with the
Metropolitan Opera as sole sponsor
of its radio broadcasts for 63 years. It was identified as well with
such entertainment legends as Ed Wynn,
Fred Allen and Milton Berle
(many of their shows were originally sponsored by
Texaco – see
Texaco Star Theatre, which includes the sponsorship lyrics of the
opening theme: "We're the men of Texaco, We work from Maine to
Mexico..."). Berle's program was broadcast in the same time slot as
Fulton J. Sheen's religious program for a while, thus leading to
Berle's oft-quoted quip, "We both have the same boss – Sky Chief!"
From 1984 to 1998,
Texaco were the title sponsors of the main One Day
International cricket tournament in England, the
Texaco Trophy. It
also sponsored the
Texaco Cup, a football tournament for clubs of the
Main article: Lago Agrio oil field
Texaco participated in a consortium to develop the
Lago Agrio oil field
Lago Agrio oil field in Ecuador. It has been accused of extensive
environmental damage from these operations, and faces legal claims
from both private plaintiffs and the government of Ecuador. The case
has been widely publicized by environmental activists and is the
subject of Crude, a 2009 documentary film by Joe Berlinger. Chevron
claims that it is being unfairly targeted as a deep pocket defendant,
when the actual responsibility lies with the government and its
national oil company, Petroecuador.
The NiMH chemistry used in modern hybrid vehicles was invented by ECD
Ovonics founder, Stan Ovshinsky, and Dr. Masahiko Oshitani of the
Yuasa Company In 1994,
General Motors acquired a controlling
interest in Ovonics's battery development and manufacturing. On
October 10, 2001,
Texaco purchased GM's share in GM Ovonics, and
Chevron completed its acquisition of
Texaco six days later. In 2003,
Ovonics Battery Systems was restructured into Cobasys, a 50/50
joint venture between Chevron and Energy Conversion Devices (ECD)
Ovonics. Chevron's influence over
Cobasys extends beyond a strict
50/50 joint venture. Chevron holds a 19.99% interest in ECD
Ovonics. In addition, Chevron maintains the right to seize all of
Cobasys' intellectual property rights in the event that ECD Ovonics
does not fulfill its contractual obligations. On September 10,
2007, Chevron filed a legal claim that ECD
Ovonics has not fulfilled
its obligations. ECD
Ovonics disputes this claim. Since that time,
the arbitration hearing was repeatedly suspended while the parties
negotiate with an unknown prospective buyer. No agreement has been
reached with the potential buyer. Cobasys's patents relating to
NiMH batteries expired in 2015.
In Plug-in Hybrids: The Cars that Will Recharge America, published in
Sherry Boschert argues that large-format NiMH batteries
are commercially viable but that
Cobasys refuses to sell or license
them to small companies or individuals. Boschert argues that
Cobasys accepts only very large orders for these batteries. When
Boschert conducted her research, major auto makers showed little
interest in large orders for large-format NiMH batteries. However,
Toyota employees complained about the difficulty in getting smaller
orders of large format NiMH batteries to service the existing 825
RAV-4EVs. Because no other companies were willing to make large
Cobasys was not manufacturing nor licensing any large format
NiMH battery technology for automotive purposes. Boschert concludes
that "it's possible that
Cobasys (Chevron) is squelching all access to
large NiMH batteries through its control of patent licenses in order
to remove a competitor to gasoline. Or it's possible that Cobasys
simply wants the market for itself and is waiting for a major
automaker to start producing plug-in hybrids or electric
In an interview with the Economist, Ovshinsky subscribed to the former
view. "I think we at ECD we made a mistake of having a joint venture
with an oil company, frankly speaking. And I think it’s not a good
idea to go into business with somebody whose strategies would put you
out of business, rather than building the business."
In December 2006,
General Motors announced that they had
signed a contract under which
Cobasys provides NiMH batteries for the
Saturn Aura hybrid sedan. In March 2007, GM announced that it
Cobasys NiMH batteries in the 2008 Chevrolet Malibu hybrid
In October 2007, International Acquisitions Services, Inc. and
Innovative Transportation Systems AG filed suit against
its parents for refusing to fill a large, previously agreed-upon order
for large-format NiMH batteries to be used in the electric
In August 2008, Mercedes-Benz U.S. International Inc. filed suit
Cobasys claiming that
Cobasys isn’t delivering the batteries
it agreed to build for Mercedes-Benz’s planned hybrid SUV.
Cobasys was sold in 2009 to SB Li Motive, which is a joint venture
formed by Bosch and Samsung to develop lithium ion batteries for
automotive applications. The sale price was not disclosed. The
German-Korean company will integrate
Cobasys as the North American
branch of the company.
Cobasys will supply batteries to the new
Mercedes ML450 hybrid.
Hudson Valley portal
Caltex – joint venture between
Texaco and Chevron, now a major
international brand name of Chevron Corporation
^ "History of
Texaco With Techron".
Texaco UK About Us". texaco.co.uk. Retrieved 2017-08-25.
^ News of the Week: Union Oil of Delaware, Business Digest and
Investment Weekly, Volume 26, Issue 5, Arthur Fremont Rider (editor),
1920, p. 95 (retrieved August 2, 2010 from Google Books)
^ "Depend on the Gasoline Fire Engines Depend On!
Texaco Fire Chief
Super-Octane Gasoline," Albany Democrat-Herald, May 27, 1932, pg. 4.
^ "U.S. Business Opens the Great New Barco Oil Fields in Colombia".
LIFE. Time Inc. 7 (20): 15ff. 1939-11-13. ISSN 0024-3019.
^ Tierney, Dominic (2007). "American Men, American Oil, American
Arms". FDR and the Spanish Civil War: neutrality and commitment in the
struggle that divided America. Duke University Press. p. 68.
Retrieved June 11, 2010.
^ "‘Spain in Our Hearts,’ by Adam Hochschild," Book Review by
Michael Kazin, New York Times, March 29, 2016.
^ Dominic Tierney (2007). FDR and the Spanish Civil War: neutrality
and commitment in the struggle that divided America (in French).
p. 68. ISBN 978-0-8223-4076-8.
^ Noam Chomsky (2001). Understanding Power (PDF). p. 159, Chapter
5 footnotes 61–64. ISBN 1-56584-703-2. Archived from the
original (PDF) on 2011-07-17.
^ The Secret History of British Intelligence in the Americas,
^ Peck, Merton J. & Scherer, Frederic M. The Weapons Acquisition
Process: An Economic Analysis (1962)
Harvard Business School
Harvard Business School p.619
^ Report by the Monopolies Commission on the Supply of Petrol to
Retailers in the United Kingdom, 1965
^ a b "
Texaco Canada Inc". The Canadian Encyclopedia
^ Texaco: Service Stations, accessed November 23, 2006
^ "News and Views: Regent become Texaco". Autocar. Vol. 127
no. 3746. November 30, 1967. p. 48.
Texaco Inc. American corporation". Encyclopedia Britannica.
^ "Largest corporate bankruptcies" (PDF). Bankruptcydata.com.
Texaco Joint Venture". The New York Times. January 3, 1989.
p. 11. Retrieved June 10, 2009.
^ Lifetime Honors –
National Medal of Arts
National Medal of Arts Archived 2010-01-20 at
the Wayback Machine.
^ "Why A Lawsuit?". Archived from the original on December 2, 2007.
Retrieved June 11, 2010.
^ a b Aspects of the Refining/Marketing Joint Ventures of Shell Oil,
Star Enterprises, and
Texaco Archived 2010-06-15 at the Wayback
Machine., Retrieved on June 10, 2009.
^ "TEXACO INC.Company ProfileVault.com". Vault. Retrieved
^ "Shell to brand new U.S. gas stations". Houston Business Journal.
February 8, 2002.
^ Nerad, Jack (May 8, 2002). "Trust Your Car to the Man who Wears
the... Shell". Driving Today. Retrieved March 24, 2009.
Texaco Welcomes Back the
Texaco Retail Brand in the U.S."
(Press release). ChevronTexaco. Jul 1, 2004. Archived from the
original on 2016-03-03.
Archived from the original on October 26, 2008. Retrieved June 12,
2009. Missing or empty title= (help)
^ Delek Petroleum, Ltd. Archived 2008-12-27 at the Wayback Machine.
^ "Eastern Withdrawal for Chevron". December 7, 2009.
^ a b Brenner, Elsa. "IN BUSINESS;
Morgan Stanley Seals Deal on Texaco
Headquarters." The New York Times. Sunday March 31, 2002. Retrieved on
October 3, 2009.
^ "Harrison village, New York[permanent dead link]." U.S. Census
Bureau. Retrieved on October 3, 2009.
^ ""Contact Us."". Archived from the original on December 5, 1998.
Retrieved 2017-03-29. CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown
(link) Texaco. December 5, 1998. Retrieved on October 3, 2009.
^ McGrath, Charles. "A Lunch Club for the Higher-Ups". The New York
Times. May 26, 2005. Retrieved on September 19, 2014.
^ Olvera, Jennifer (07/03/2008). "5 Things You Need to Know About
Nickel-Metal-Hybrid Batteries". GreenCar.com. Archived from the
original on January 26, 2009. Check date values in: date=
^ "Stanford Ovshinsky : Amorphous semiconductor materials".
Inventor of the Week. March 2000.
^ Roberson, J. (March 14, 2007) "Supplier
Cobasys exploring more
hybrid batteries" Archived 2010-12-05 at the Wayback Machine. Detroit
Ovonics Definitive Proxy Statement Archived 2012-04-19 at the
Wayback Machine. of January 15, 2003
Ovonics Amended General Statement of Beneficial Ownership
Archived 2009-07-29 at the Wayback Machine. of December 2, 2004
Ovonics 10-Q Quarterly Report Archived 2009-05-24 at the Wayback
Machine. for the period ending September 30, 2007
^ a b ECD
Ovonics 10-Q Quarterly Report Archived 2009-07-28 at the
Wayback Machine. for the period ending March 31, 2008
^ Boschert, S (2007). Plug-in Hybrids: The Cars that Will Recharge
America. Gabriola Island, BC: New Society Publishers.
^ Greenberg, Joel (October 14, 2008). "The Edison of our Age: Stan
Ovshinsky and the Future of Energy [Video Interview Part 1]". The
^ Abuelsamid, S. (December 6, 2006) "
Cobasys providing NiMH batteries
for Saturn Aura hybrid" Autobloggreen.com
^ "Mercedes sues
Cobasys over battery deal" Automotive News Europe
^ Abuelsamid, Sam (2009-07-27). "Bosch-Samsung battery venture buys
Cobasys". green.autoblog.com. Retrieved August 15, 2011.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Texaco.
Texaco Car of the Decades
Texaco Xpress Lube
World Internet News: "Big Oil Looking for a Government Handout," April
Texaco Alumni Site