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Tawfiq Canaan
Tawfiq Canaan
(Arabic: توفيق كنعان‎) (24 September 1882 – 15 January 1964) was a pioneering physician, medical researcher, ethnographer, and Palestinian nationalist. Born in Beit Jala
Beit Jala
during the rule of the Ottoman Empire, he served as a medical officer in the Ottoman army during World War I. During British rule, he served as the first President of the Palestine Arab Medical Association founded in 1944, and as the director of several Jerusalem
Jerusalem
area hospitals before, during, and after the 1948 war. Over the course of his medical career, he authored more than thirty-seven studies on topics including tropical medicine, bacteriology, malaria, tuberculosis, and health conditions in Palestine, and contributed to research that led to a cure for leprosy.[1][2] Deeply interested in Palestinian folklore, popular beliefs, and superstitions, Canaan collected over 1,400 amulets and talismanic objects held to have healing and protective properties. His published analyses of these objects, and other popular folk traditions and practices, brought him recognition as an ethnographer and anthropologist.[3][4][5] The several books and more than 50 articles he wrote in English and German serve as valuable resources to researchers of Palestinian and Middle-Eastern heritage.[1][3] An outspoken public figure, he also wrote two books on the Palestine problem, reflecting his involvement in confronting British imperialism and Zionism.[1][6] He was arrested by the British authorities in 1939. The last two decades of his life were lived in the shadow of several personal tragedies: the loss of his brilliant son in an accident at Jerash, the loss and destruction of his family home, and of his clinic in Jerusalem
Jerusalem
during the 1948 war.[7] Canaan managed to re-establish his life and career in East Jerusalem under Jordanian rule. First taking sanctuary in a convent in the Old City for two years, he was appointed director of the Augusta Victoria Hospital on the Mount of Olives, where he lived with his family through his retirement until his death in 1964.[8]

Contents

1 Published works

1.1 Folklore and ethnography 1.2 Politics 1.3 Medical

2 Awards 3 See also 4 References 5 Bibliography 6 External links

Published works[edit] (Partial list) Folklore and ethnography[edit]

"Agriculture in Palestine". Globus (in German). 1909. [9] "Demons as an Aetiological Factor in Popular Medicine". Al-Kulliyeh. Beirut. 1912.  "The Calendar of Palestinian Peasants". Zeitschrift des Deutschen Palästina-Vereins (in German). 1913. [10] Superstition and Popular Medicine. 1914. ISBN 1-871034-01-9. [10] Haunted Springs and Water Demons in Palestine. Jerusalem: Palestine Oriental Society. 1922. OCLC 187062829. [11] See also Jumana Emil Abboud Tasit ar-Radjfeh ("Fear Cup") (in Arabic). 1923. [11] Canaan, Tawfiq (1927). Mohammedan Saints and Sanctuaries in Palestine. London: Luzac & Co. [12]

Alt:Canaan, Tawfiq (1927). Mohammedan Saints and Sanctuaries in Palestine. London: Luzac & Co. 

Plant-lore in Palestinian Superstition. 1928. [11] Belief in Demons in the Holy Land (in German). 1929. [11] Studies in the Topography and Folklore of Petra. 1929. [13] "Light and Darkness in Palestine Folklore". Journal of the Palestine Oriental Society (JPOS). 1931. [12] "Unwritten Laws Affecting the Arab Women of Palestine" (PDF). Journal of the Palestine Oriental Society (JPOS). 1931.  The Palestine Arab House: Its Architecture and Folklore. Jerusalem: The Syrian Orphanage Press. 1933. [12] "Arabic Magic Bowls". Journal of the Palestine Oriental Society. 1936. [14] "Review of Dalman's Arbeit und Sitte in Palästina". Journal of the Palestine Oriental Society (JPOS). 1934. [12] "Granquist". Journal of the Palestine Oriental Society (JPOS). 1933 and 1937.  Check date values in: date= (help)[12] "The Decipherment of Arabic Talismans". Berytus Archaeological Studies. 4: 69–110. 1937. [15] "The Decipherment of Arabic Talismans". Berytus Archaeological Studies. 5: 141–151. 1938. [15] Canaan, T (October 1962). "Superstition and Folklore about Bread". Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research. The American Schools of Oriental Research (167): 36–47. ISSN 0003-097X. JSTOR 1355686.  "The 'Azazime Bedouin and Their Region". Arab World Geographer. 2 (4). Winter 1999.  (translated from German by William Templer)

Politics[edit]

The Palestine Arab Cause. 1936.  (48-page booklet)[16] Conflict in the Land of Peace. 1936.  (Published in English, Arabic, and French)[16]

Medical[edit]

"Modern Treatment". Al-Muqtataf. Beirut. 1905. [17] "Cerebro-Spinal Meningitis in Jerusalem". Al-Kulliyeh. Beirut. 1911. [10] "Beobachtungen bei einer Denguefieberepidemie in Jerusalem ("Observations on an epidemic of dengue fever in Jerusalem")". Archiv für Schiff- und Tropenhygiene (in German). 17: 20–25. 1912. [18] "Die Jerichobeule". Archiv für Schiff- und Tropenhygiene (in German). 20: 109–119. 1916. [19] Canaan, T (1929). "The Oriental Boil: An Epidemiological Study in Palestine". Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene. 23: 89–94. doi:10.1016/S0035-9203(29)90903-2. [20] "Zur Epidemiologie der Orientbeule in Palästina". Dermatologische Wochenschrift (in German). 29 (91): 1779. 1930.  "Kalazar in Palestine". Festschrift Bernhard Nocht (in German). 80: 67–71. 1937.  "Topographical studies in leishmaniasis in Palestine". Journal of the Palestinian Arab Medical Association. 1: 4–12. 1945. [21] "Intestinal parasites in Palestine". J. Med. Liban. 4 (3): 163–69. [22]

Awards[edit]

Order of the Red Crescent (in World War I[23] Iron Cross
Iron Cross
of 1914[23] Holy Sepulchre Cross with a red ribbon, awarded by the Greek Orthodox Patriarch (1951)[23] Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany
Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany
(1951)[23]

See also[edit]

Saint George Interfaith shrine Palestinian Christians

References[edit]

^ a b c Nashef, 2002, p. 2. ^ El-Eini, 2006, p. 88. ^ a b Jubeh, Fall-Winter 2005, p. 103. ^ Davis, 2004. ^ Benvenisti, 2000, p. 252. ^ Bernstein, 2000, p. 123. ^ W.F. Albright, 'In Memoriam,' Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research, No. 174 (Apr., 1964), pp. 1-3,p.3. ^ Nashef, 2002, p. 14. ^ Nashef, 2002, p. 4. ^ a b c Nashef, 2002, p. 5. ^ a b c d Nashef, 2002, p. 6. ^ a b c d e Tamari, 2009, p. 202. ^ Taylor, 2001, p. 217. ^ Richards, D. S. (2002). The Annals of the Saljuq Turks: Selections from Al-Kāmil Fīʻl-Taʻrīkh of ʻIzz Al-Dīn Ibn Al-Athīr. New York: Routledge. ISBN 0-7007-1576-2.  ^ a b Schaefer, Karl R. (2006). Enigmatic charms: medieval Arabic block printed amulets in American and European libraries and museums. Leiden: Brill. p. 239. ISBN 90-04-14789-6.  ^ a b Nashef, 2002, p. 10. ^ Nashef, 2002, p. 3. ^ Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, 1912, p. 410. ^ Hygienische Rundschau, 1917, p. 225. ^ "The Oriental Boil:An Epidemiological Study in Palestine". Tropical Medicine and Hygiene. Elsevier. 23 (1): 89–94. 25 June 1929.  ^ Patai, 1957, p. 152. ^ Aall-Zyukov, 1932, p. 1011. ^ a b c d Nashef, 2002, p. 15.

Bibliography[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Tawfiq Canaan.

Abdullah, Wissam (June 2000). " Special
Special
Feature: The Tawfik Canaan Collection of Palestinian Amulets – Birzeit University". This Week in Palestine (26).  Benvenisti, Meron (2000). Sacred Landscape: The Buried History of the Holy Land since 1948. Berkeley: University of California Press. ISBN 0-520-21154-5.  Bernstein, Deborah S. (2000). Constructing Boundaries: Jewish and Arab Workers in Mandatory Palestine. Albany: SUNY Press. ISBN 0-7914-4539-9.  Davis, Rochelle (January 2004). "Peasant Narratives Memorial Book Sources for Jerusalem
Jerusalem
Village History". Jerusalem
Jerusalem
Quarterly (20). Archived from the original on 28 September 2007. Retrieved 4 August 2009.  El-Eini, Roza (2006). Mandated Landscape: British Imperial Rule in Palestine (1929–1948). New York: Routledge. ISBN 0-7146-5426-4.  Eisler, Ejal Jakob (איל יעקב איזלר); Frutiger, Hans Hermann (2008). Johannes Frutiger (1836–1899): ein Schweizer Bankier in Jerusalem
Jerusalem
(in German). Cologne et al: Böhlau. ISBN 978-3-412-20133-3.  Baha' al-Ju'beh (Fall–Winter 2005). "Magic and Talismans: The Tawfiq Canaan Collection of Palestinian Amulets" (PDF). Jerusalem
Jerusalem
Quarterly (22–23): 103. Retrieved 21 July 2009.  Lapp, Paul W.; Albright, W. F. (April 1964). " Tawfiq Canaan
Tawfiq Canaan
in Memoriam". Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research. The American Schools of Oriental Research (174): 1–3. JSTOR 1356065.  Nashef, Khaled (November 2002). "Tawfik Canaan: His Life and Works" (PDF). Jerusalem
Jerusalem
Quarterly (16). Retrieved 21 July 2009.  Patai, Raphael (1957). Jordan, Lebanon, and Syria: an annotated bibliography. New Haven: HRAF Press. OCLC 174331967.  Raheb, Mitri (1990). "Das reformatorische Erbe unter den Palästinensern". Zur Entstehung der evangelisch-lutherischen Kirche in Jordanien (= Die lutherische Kirche, Geschichte und Gestalten) (in German). Gütersloh: Mohn. 11: 91–96. ISBN 3-579-00127-2.  Originally presented in 1988 as author's thesis (doctoral) at Fachbereich Evangelische Theologie of Philipps-Universität in Marburg Sperling, Arthur (1917). Hygienische Morgentoilette: Gymnastik und Selbstmassage für Gesunde und Kranke (in German). 27. Munich: Verlag der Ärztlichen Rundschau Otto Gmelin. OCLC 218409429.  Sufian, Sandra Marlene (2007). Healing the land and the nation: malaria and the Zionist project in Palestine, 1920–1947 (Illustrated ed.). University of Chicago Press. ISBN 978-0-226-77935-5.  Tamari, Salim (2009). "Lepers, Lunatics and Saints: The Nativist Ethnography
Ethnography
of Tawfiq Canaan
Tawfiq Canaan
and his Jerusalem
Jerusalem
Circle". Mountain Against the Sea. Berkeley: University of California Press. ISBN 0-520-25129-6.  Taylor, Jane (2001). Petra and the Lost Kingdom of the Nabataeans. London: I.B.Tauris. ISBN 1-86064-508-9.  Taylor, Joan E. (1993). Christians and the holy places: the myth of Jewish-Christian origins (Illustrated ed.). Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-814785-5.  Taylor, Joan E. (2003). Jewish Women Philosophers of First Century Alexandria. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-929141-1.  U.S. Agricultural Research Service (1932). Charles Wardell Stiles, ed. Index-catalogue of medical and veterinary zoology. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office.  Yellow Fever Bureau, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine (1912). Bulletin. 2. Liverpool: University Press. OCLC 1640456. 

External links[edit]

The Tawfiq Canaan
Tawfiq Canaan
Collection of Palestinian Amulets – A virtual gallery The Great War in Palestine: Dr Tawfiq Canaan’s Photographic Album, Norbert Schwake, 2014, Jerusalem
Jerusalem
Quarterly, Institute for Palestine Studies

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 42759337 LCCN: n93101023 ISNI: 0000 0001 2096 0170 GND: 123979854 SUDOC: 081583168 BNF: cb10940575t (data) BIB

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