Coordinates: 37°23′41″N 122°09′01″W / 37.3947057°N 122.1503251°W
Tesla's financial performance
Tesla's paid-in capital makes up the accumulated deficit to maintain its operation
Tesla, Inc. (formerly Tesla Motors) is an American company that specializes in electric vehicles, energy storage and solar panel manufacturing based in Palo Alto, California. Founded in 2003, the company specializes in electric cars, lithium-ion battery energy storage, and residential photovoltaic panels (through the subsidiary company SolarCity). The additional products Tesla sells include the Tesla Powerwall and Powerpack batteries, solar panels and solar roof tiles.
CEO Elon Musk said that he envisions Tesla as a technology company and independent automaker, aimed at eventually offering electric cars at prices affordable to the average consumer. The company was named after the electrical engineer and physicist Nikola Tesla by company founders Martin Eberhard and Marc Tarpenning.
The company's Model S was the world's best-selling plug-in electric car in 2015 and 2016. Global sales of the Model S reached the 200,000 unit milestone during the fourth quarter of 2017. In September 2015, the company released its Model X, a crossover SUV. The Model 3 was released in July 2017. Tesla production passed 300,000 vehicles in February 2018.
Tesla operates multiple production and assembly plants, notably Gigafactory 1 near Reno, Nevada and its main vehicle manufacturing facility at Tesla Factory in Fremont, California. The Gigafactory primarily produces batteries and battery packs for Tesla vehicles and energy storage products.
Roadster and private funding
The company was founded in 2003 by Martin Eberhard and Marc Tarpenning, although the company also considers Elon Musk, JB Straubel and Ian Wright as cofounders. The founders were influenced to start the company after GM recalled and destroyed its EV1 electric cars in 2003.
Eberhard and Tarpenning funded the company until the Series A round. Musk led the Series A in February 2004, joining the board of directors as its chairman as well as in operational roles. Musk was then the controlling investor in Tesla, providing the large majority of the US$7.5 million round with personal funds. Co-founder Martin Eberhard was the original CEO of Tesla until he was asked to resign in August 2007 by the board of directors. Eberhard then took the title of "President of Technology" before ultimately leaving the company in January 2008 along with co-founder Marc Tarpenning, who served as the CFO and subsequently the Vice President of Electrical Engineering of the company until 2008. 
Tesla began with a sports car aimed at early adopters followed by mainstream and mass market vehicles, all serving "as a catalyst to accelerate the day of electric vehicles".
Tesla signed a Roadster production contract on July 11, 2005, with Group Lotus to produce "gliders" (complete cars but without powertrain). The Roadster used an AC motor descended directly from Nikola Tesla's original 1882 design.
The Tesla Roadster (2008) was the first production automobile to use lithium-ion battery cells and the first production EV with a range greater than 200 mi (320 km) per charge. Between 2008 and March 2012, Tesla sold more than 2,250 Roadsters in 31 countries. Tesla stopped taking orders for the Roadster in the U.S. market in August 2011.
In December 2012, Tesla employed almost 3,000 full-time employees. As of late 2016, Tesla now employs over 30,000 (25,000 in the US) after acquiring Grohmann and SolarCity.
Musk also led Tesla's Series B US$13 million investment round and co-led the third, US$40 million round in May 2006. Tesla's third round included investment from prominent entrepreneurs including Google co-founders Sergey Brin and Larry Page. The fourth round in May 2007 added another US$45 million.
In late 2007, Tesla brought on Michael Marks, and later Ze'ev Drori, to replace Eberhard as CEO. Drori temporarily returned the company to profitability, reducing the company's workforce by about 10%. In October 2008, Musk became CEO and laid off an additional 25% of Tesla's workforce. In December, a fifth round added another US$40 million, avoiding bankruptcy.
By January 2009, Tesla had raised US$187 million and delivered 147 cars. Musk himself had invested US$70 million. In May 2009, Daimler AG acquired an equity stake of less than 10% of Tesla for a reported US$50 million, again saving Tesla. Toyota provided a similar amount in 2010.
The Tesla obelisk
is used to identify the Supercharger network sites in California.
In June 2009, Tesla was approved to receive US$465 million in low-interest loans from the 2007 US$8 billion Advanced Technology Vehicles Manufacturing Loan Program by the United States Department of Energy. The funding came in 2010 and supported engineering and production of the Model S, as well as the development of commercial powertrain technology.
IPO and Model S
On June 29, 2010, Tesla launched its initial public offering (IPO) on NASDAQ. 13,300,000 shares of common stock were issued to the public at a price of US$17.00 per share. The IPO raised US$226 million.
The company enjoys various forms of federal and state subsidy, which it was estimated in 2015 amounted to at least $30,000 for each vehicle sold, or cumulatively $4.9 billion.
Tesla began shipping its Model S sedan in June 2012 and its Model X crossover SUV in September 2015. Global sales of the Model S reached 100,000 in December 2015.
Model 3 was unveiled in March 2016. A week after the unveiling, global reservations totaled 325,000 units. As a result of the demand for Model 3, in May 2016, Tesla advanced its 500,000 annual unit build plan (for all models) by two years to 2018.
In May 2013, Tesla raised $1.02 billion ($660m from bonds) partially to repay the DOE loans (early) after their first profitable quarter. In February 2014 the company sold $2 billion in bonds (to build GigaFactory 1). In August 2015 Tesla sold $738 million in stock (for the Model X) and in May 2016, $1.46 billion in stock ($1.26 billion for the Model 3). As of January 29, 2016, Musk owned about 28.9 million Tesla shares, or about 22% of the total.
Tesla stated that its automotive branch had a gross margin of 23.1% as of 2Q 2016, and has generally been above 20%. However, expenditures for expanding future production (such as Gigafactory 1 and Model 3) are bigger than product profit, resulting in a net loss.
On February 1, 2017 the company changed its name from Tesla Motors to Tesla. In late March 2017, Tesla Inc. announced that Tencent Holdings Ltd., at the time China's "most valuable company," had purchased a 5% stake in Tesla for $1.8 billion.
In 2017, Tesla briefly surpassed Ford Motor Company and General Motors in market capitalization for a couple of months, making it the most valuable American automaker. In June 2017, Tesla appeared for the first time in the Fortune 500 list.
Production and sales
- ^ Sales are only counted as sold when delivered to end customer and all paperwork is correct
- ^ Goods in transit are produced but not counted as sold until delivered
- ^ Sales by model do not add up to total, these are preliminary figures reported by Tesla. Only total sales is final figure reported by Tesla, as breakdown by model was not provided in its Fourth Quarter & Full Year 2016 Update report.
Tesla deliveries vary significantly months due to regional issues such as ship availability and registration. Tesla does not follow the auto industry standard of monthly reporting. Some monthly sales are estimated by media.
On August 1, 2016, Tesla agreed to acquire SolarCity Corp. for $2.6 billion in stock. SolarCity is the largest installer of rooftop solar systems in the United States. More than 85% of unaffiliated Tesla and SolarCity shareholders voted to approve the acquisition, which closed on November 21, 2016.
Model 3 rollout
The Tesla Model 3
first deliveries event took place on 28 July 2017.
In the week preceding the debut on July 7, 2017, of the Model 3 sedan, Tesla's stock-market value declined by more than $12 billion from a previous value of $63 billion. The loss was a result of a combination of factors that disappointed investors. Demand for Tesla’s luxurious existing models, Model S and Model X, did not grow in the second quarter. Brian Johnson of Barclays said that customer deposits for the Model S and Model X fell by $50 million, potentially indicating that Tesla's introduction of the Model 3 could be adversely affecting their sales. Tesla predicted that luxury sales would reach 100,000 per year, below some analysts' expectations.
Investors expressed concern about Tesla's plans for execution and competitive risk, as Volvo Cars committed to introduce only electric and electric-assisted vehicles by 2019. Johnson claimed that "Tesla will face intense competition by the next decade."
Morningstar analyst David Whiston foresaw a revised, slower timetable for the Model 3 and a company acknowledgement of problems with building battery packs for its cars. In 2016 Musk predicted 100,000 Model 3 units would be sold in 2017, but that production may reach only 20,000 by December. Axel Schmidt, a managing director at consulting firm Accenture, said that Tesla’s problems with Gigafactory 1 prove that increasing Model 3 production "remains a huge challenge".
As of October 2017, Tesla reported delivery of 220 Model 3s, acknowledging this was "less than anticipated due to production bottlenecks".
In early November 2017, Musk advised investors of a production delay that was primarily due to difficulties with the new battery that would allow Tesla to significantly reduce the manufacturing cost of the Model 3. The company was having difficulties with robots on the assembly line but the most serious issue was with one of the four zones in the battery manufacturing, caused by a "systems integration subcontractor", according to Musk. "We had to rewrite all of the software from scratch for the battery module", he reported. He assured investors that Tesla had "reallocated" top engineers to work on achieving a solution. By that time, Jon Wagner, director of battery engineering, had left the company.
Musk postponed the target date for manufacturing 5000 of the vehicles per week from December 2017 to "sometime in March" 2018. When asked when the company would reach a production level of 10,000 units per week, he declined to speculate. An analyst with Cowan and Company commented that "Elon Musk needs to stop over promising and under delivering".
On November 21, 2017, Bloomberg stated that "over the past 12 months, the electric-car maker has been burning money at a clip of about $8,000 a minute (or $480,000 an hour)" preparing for Model 3.
Tesla aims to disrupt the automotive industry by creating many innovative pieces that fit together; this strategy was called "complex coordination" by Tesla investor Peter Thiel. Its marketing, production, sales and technology strategies all are notably different from its competitors.
Tesla's automotive strategy is to emulate typical technological-product life cycles and initially target affluent buyers. It would then move into larger markets at lower price points. The battery and electric drivetrain technology for each model would be developed and paid for through sales of the earlier models. The Roadster was low-volume and priced at US$109,000. Model S and Model X targeted the broader luxury market. Model 3 is aimed at a higher-volume segment. This business strategy is common in the technology industry. According to a Musk blog post, "New technology in any field takes a few versions to optimize before reaching the mass market, and in this case it is competing with 150 years and trillions of dollars spent on gasoline cars."
Tesla's production strategy includes a high degree of vertical integration (80% in 2016 according), which includes component production and proprietary charging infrastructure. The company operates enormous factories to capture economies of scale. Tesla builds electric powertrain components for vehicles from other automakers, including the Smart ED2 ForTwo electric drive (the lowest-priced car from Daimler AG), the Toyota RAV4 EV, and Freightliner's Custom Chassis Electric Van. Vertical integration is rare in the automotive industry, where companies typically outsource 80% of components to suppliers, and focus on engine manufacturing and final assembly.
The Tesla Patent Wall at its headquarters was removed after the company announced its patents are part of the open source
Tesla's sales strategy is to sell its vehicles in company-owned showrooms and online rather than to use a conventional dealer strategy.
Tesla's technology strategy focuses on pure-electric propulsion technology, and transferring other approaches from the technology industry to transportation, such as online software updates. Tesla allows its technology patents be used by anyone in good faith. Licensing agreements include provisions whereby the recipient agrees not to file patent suits against Tesla, or to copy its designs directly. Tesla retained control of its other intellectual property, such as trademarks and trade secrets to prevent direct copying of its technology.
Tesla Human Resources VP Arnnon Geshuri committed to bringing manufacturing jobs "back to California". In 2015, Geshuri led a hiring surge about which he said; "In the last 14 months we've had 1.5 million applications from around the world. People want to work here." Geshuri emphasizes hiring veterans, saying "Veterans are a great source of talent for Tesla, and we're going after it."
Tesla global sales passed 250,000 units in September 2017 and its 300,000th vehicle was produced in February 2018. Its top selling car is the Model S, with global sales of about 212,874 units between June 2012 and December 2017, followed by the Model X with about 72,059 units sold between September 2015 and December 2017. Model 3 deliveries totaled 1,764 units in 2017. The now-retired Roadster sold about 2,450 units. In July 2017, Tesla said their vehicles had traveled 5 billion mi (8 billion km).
In 2016 BYD Auto was the world's top selling plug-in car manufacturer with 101,183 units sold, followed by Tesla with 76,243. However, Tesla revenues ranked ahead with US$6.35 billion, while BYD notched US$3.88 billion. Also in 2016, the company sold US$1 billion worth of cars in China, the world’s largest market for electric vehicles, and in October of the following year it reached an agreement with the Chinese government to build a factory in Shanghai.
As of October 2016 In June 2016, Tesla opened its first store-within-a-store: a small outpost within the Nordstrom's department store at The Grove shopping mall in Los Angeles. In 2017, Tesla opened retail locations in Dubai and South Korea.
, Tesla operated about 260 galleries or retail locations in the United States.
In August 2015, Tesla launched a revamp of its stores to include interactive displays focused on safety, autopilot, charging network and motors. In 2017 Tesla had a US$52 million marketing budget and used a referral program and word of mouth to attract buyers.
US dealership disputes
Tesla operates stores and galleries—usually located in shopping malls—in many U.S. states. However, customers buy vehicles only from the Tesla website. The stores serve as showrooms that allow people to learn about the company and its vehicles. Some galleries are located in states with restrictive dealer protection laws that prohibit discussing price, financing, and test drives, as well as other restrictions.
Tesla's strategy of direct customer sales and owning stores and service centers is different from the standard dealership model in the global vehicle marketplace. Tesla is the only automaker that sells cars directly to consumers; all others use independently owned dealerships although many provide online configuration and financing. 48 states have laws that limit or ban manufacturers from selling vehicles directly to consumers, and although Tesla has no independent dealerships, dealership associations in multiple states have filed lawsuits over Tesla's sales practices.
Countries other than U.S. do not protect dealers. The Federal Trade Commission recommends allowing direct manufacturer sales, which analysts believe would save consumers 8% on average.
Under a buyback program called the Resale Value Guarantee available in 37 U.S. states, a Tesla Model S sold before July 1, 2016 included the right to return it after three years with reimbursement of 43% to 50% of its initial price. This reimbursement matched the trade-in values of competitive German luxury cars of that age. In addition to maintaining the resale value, Tesla hoped to secure a supply of used cars to refurbish and re-sell with warranty. According to Automotive News, the profit margin on used car sales in the U.S. is about triple that on new cars, and Tesla's direct sales would allow it capture resale profits. Tesla ended the program in 2016 although they retained the Residual Value Guarantee on leased vehicles.
In May 2015, Tesla started selling refurbished Model S cars in the U.S. and within a month sold 1,600 cars. As of July 2017, over 80 used Model S and Model X cars were for sale, with either a four-year, 50,000-mile warranty or a two-year, 100,000-miles warranty for vehicles above 50,000 miles. As of September 2015, similar programs existed in Canada, Austria, Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, Britain, Netherlands, Norway, Sweden and Switzerland.
As a vertically-integrated manufacturer, Tesla has had to master multiple technology domains, including batteries, electric motors, sensors and artificial intelligence.
Unlike other automakers, Tesla does not use individual large battery cells, but thousands of small, cylindrical, lithium-ion commodity cells like those used in consumer electronics. It uses a version of these cells that is designed to be cheaper to manufacture and lighter than standard cells by removing some safety features. According to Tesla, these features are redundant because of the advanced thermal management system and an intumescent chemical in the battery to prevent fires. Panasonic is the sole supplier of the cells for Model S, Model X, and Model 3 and cooperates with Tesla in the Gigafactory 1's '21-70' cells.
In February 2016, Tesla battery costs were estimated at US$200 per kWh. Tesla indicated later in 2016 that their batteries cost less than $190/kWh. Still later that year Argonne Labs estimated $163/kWh at a production rate of 500,000 packs per year.
The batteries are placed under the vehicle floor. This saves interior and trunk space but increases risk of battery damage by debris or impact. The Model S has 0.25 in (6.4 mm) aluminum-alloy armor plate. CTO Straubel expected batteries to last 10–15 years, and discounts using electric cars to charge the grid (V2G) because the related battery wear outweighs economic benefit. He also prefers recycling over re-use for grid once they reach the end of their useful life for vehicles. Since 2008, Tesla has worked with ToxCo/Kinsbursky to recycle worn out RoHS batteries, which will be an integral part of GigaFactory.
Tesla makes two kinds of electric motors: an induction motor with three-phase, four-pole AC and copper rotor (by which the Tesla logo is inspired); and permanent magnet motors used in the Model 3 and Semi. Motors for the Model S and Model X are made at Tesla Factory, while motors for Model 3 are made at Gigafactory 1.
Tesla Autopilot provides semi-autonomous driver assist beginning in September 2014. Tesla replaced its sensors and software in 2016 (HW2). As of 2017, Autopilot included adaptive cruise control, lane departure warning, emergency braking, Autosteer (semi-automated steering), Autopark (parallel and perpendicular parking) and Summon (recalling the vehicle from a parking place). HW2 includes eight cameras and twelve ultrasonic sensors, in addition to forward-facing radar. HW2.5 was released in mid-2017 that upgraded HW2 with a second GPU and a driver-facing camera.
At the end of 2016, Tesla expected to demonstrate full autonomy by the end of 2017. In April 2017 Musk predicted that in around two years drivers would be able to sleep in their vehicle.
In November 2016, the company announced the Tesla glass technology group. The group produced the roof glass for the Tesla Model 3 and for use in SolarCity roof tiles announced in October 2016. The tiles contain an embedded solar collector, and are one-third lighter than standard roof tiles.
Comparison of EPA
for model year
2016 and 2017 electric cars rated up until July 2017. Tesla vehicles shown correspond to the variants with the longest and shortest range for each model (S, X and 3).
As of December 2017Tesla Roadster is no longer sold.
, Tesla offers three car models: the Model S, Model X and Model 3. The firm's first vehicle, the first-generation
Model S deliveries began on June 22, 2012. The first delivery in Europe took place in August 2013. Deliveries in China began in April 2014. First deliveries of the right-hand-drive model destined for the UK, Australia, Hong Kong and Japan came in 2014. The Model S has four base configurations: the 75/75D (2-wheel and all-wheel drive), and the 100D and P100D with ranges of 335 miles and 315 miles respectively.
With an estimated 50,931 units sold in 2016, the Model S ranked as the world's best-selling plug-in car for the second year in a row. As of December 2017 , the Model S, with global sales of over 200,000 units, ranked as the world's second best selling plug-in electric car in history after the Nissan Leaf (300,000).
The United States is the world's leading Model S market with an estimated 118,817 units sold through December 2017. Norway ranked as the Model S largest overseas market as of November 2016 , with 11,802 new units registered. The Tesla Model S became the first electric car ever to top the monthly sales ranking in any country, when the electric car achieved the first place in the Norwegian new car sales list in September 2013.
Tesla purchased a stake in what would become Tesla Factory in May 2010 for US$42 million, and opened the facility in October 2010. For the European market, Tesla reassembles and distributes the Model S from its European Distribution Center in Tilburg, Netherlands. Cars are built and tested in Fremont; then, the battery pack, the electric motor and parts are disassembled and shipped separately to Tilburg, where they are reassembled.
Among other awards, the Model S won the 2013 "Motor Trend Car of the Year", the 2013 "World Green Car", Automobile Magazine's 2013 "Car of the Year", and Time Magazine Best 25 Inventions of the Year 2012 award.
delivering one of the first six Model X Founders Series models
The Tesla Model X is a full-size crossover SUV with a lightweight aluminum body. Model X deliveries started in September 2015. It is offered in 5-, 6- and 7-passenger configurations. Notably, the passenger doors are articulating "falcon-wing" designs that open vertically.
Production was rescheduled several times, from 2013 to late 2014, to the second quarter of 2015, to the third quarter of 2015. In August 2015, user groups estimated around 30,000 X pre-orders, compared to 12,000 for the S.
Deliveries of the Model X Signature series began on September 29, 2015. Model X sales totaled 2,400 units during the first quarter of 2016, rising to 4,638 in the second quarter of 2016. Global deliveries totaled 25,312 units in 2016, and 46,535 in 2017. The United States is its main market with an estimated 39,940 units sold through December 2017. Cumulative sales since inception totaled about 72,059 units through December 2017.
In September 2016, the Model X ranked as the top selling plug-in electric car in Norway. Previously, the Model S had been the top selling new car four times.
The Model 3 (originally stylized as "☰") is Tesla's third-generation car. The car was originally intended to be called the Model E, but after a lawsuit from Ford that holds the trademark on "Model E", Musk announced on July 16, 2014 that the car would be called "Model 3" instead. The standard Model 3 delivers an EPA-rated all-electric range of 220 miles (350 km) and the long range model delivers 310 miles (500 km).
On March 31, 2016, Tesla unveiled the car. Potential customers began to reserve spots on March 31 with a refundable deposit. Tens of thousands were reported waiting to reserve their spot. As of April 7, 2016, one week after the unveiling, Tesla reported over 325,000 reservations, representing sales of over US$14 billion. As of July 2017 , Tesla reported about 500,000 reservations. Bloomberg News claimed "the Model 3's unveiling was unique in the 100-year history of the mass-market automobile." Bloomberg compared it to the 1955 Citroën DS that took in 80,000 deposits over 10-days at the Paris Auto Show.
First production Tesla Model 3 cars ready for the delivery event on July 28, 2017.
Tesla expected to invest between US$2 billion and US$2.5 billion in capital expenditures to support Model 3 production. Limited vehicle production began in July 2017. The first 30 units were delivered at a special event on July 28, 2017. Customer deliveries totaled 1,764 units in the U.S. in 2017. As production ramped up, an estimated 1,875 cars were sold in January 2018, making the Model 3 the top selling plug-in car in the U.S. that month. In February 2018 Tesla claimed that by March 2018 they would be on track for producing and delivering around 2,500 Model 3 cars a week. 
In October 2015, Musk described a future 'Model Y' that would be a full sized SUV utility vehicle aimed for families. Tesla had trademarked the name "Model Y" in 2013. In August 2017, Tesla announced that the Model Y would use the Model 3 platform.
Musk wanted the first three models to spell "S-E-X", but settled with "S3X" because Ford owns the trademark to "Model E". Making the next vehicle the Model Y means that the model names will spell "S3XY".
Musk hopes to produce a car cheaper than the Model 3:
There will be future cars that will be even more affordable down the road . . . With fourth generation and smaller cars and what not, we'll ultimately be in a position where everyone can afford the car.
— Elon Musk at the Future Transport Solutions conference in Oslo, April 21, 2016
On July 20, 2016, Musk detailed his master plan for Tesla. It includes more affordable cars produced in higher volume, solar-power roofs, mid-size vehicles, SUVs and pickup trucks, as well as the refinement of autonomous vehicles and the creation of a sharing economy, in which cars can be active while the owner is not using them. A Tesla Minibus would be built on the Model X platform. In May 2017, Musk indicated that he might favor a 10–12-passenger version of the Model X over a dedicated minibus design.
In February 2018, Tesla announced that they would unveil a Model Y production plans of the vehicle within the next 3-6 months. As for the Model Y, Tesla has announced positions for Model Y production and design. The Job description on the Tesla website states: "The new Programs Engineering, Design Engineer is responsible for designing, developing, and delivering prototype level components and systems for the Tesla Model Y as well as future Tesla product programs." . In May 2017, Elon Musk said that "the Model Y will be built on a new platform, for production in late 2019 to 2020."
The Tesla Semi is an all-electric Class 8 semi-trailer truck first mentioned in the 2016 Tesla Master plan. Production is slated to begin in 2019.
The vehicle's official announcement was at a November 16, 2017 press conference where two prototypes were shown. Musk confirmed that the range would be 500 miles and that the zero to 60 mph time would be 5 seconds versus 15 seconds for a similar truck with a diesel engine. The Semi will be powered by four electric motors of the type used in the Tesla Model 3 and will include an extensive set of hardware sensors to enable it to stay in its own lane, a safe distance away from other vehicles, and later when software and regulatory conditions allow, provide autonomous operation on highways. Musk also announced that the company would be involved in installing a solar-powered global network of the Tesla Megacharger devices to make the Semi more attractive to potential long-haul customers. A 30-minute charge would provide 400 miles of range.
The vehicle's range is disputed however, as are Tesla's estimates as to the time required to charge the battery and the cost of electricity assumed by the company, by research completed by Bloomberg L.P. The article titled Tesla’s Newest Promises Break the Laws of Batteries quotes Sam Jaffe, battery analyst for Cairn Energy Research and Salim Morsy, electric vehicle analyst at Bloomberg New Energy Finance, to support their premise.
Tesla Roadster 2020 prototype at the launch event on November 2017.
Through a surprise reveal at the end of the event that introduced the Semi on November 16, 2017, Tesla unveiled the 2020 Roadster. Musk said that the new model will have a range of 620 mi (1,000 km) on the 200 kWh battery pack and will achieve 0-60 mph in 1.9 seconds; the top speed will be over 250 mph (400 km/h). The vehicle will have three electric motors allowing for all-wheel drive, and torque vectoring during cornering.
Research completed by Bloomberg L.P. indicates that the estimate as to range per charge is optimistic, based on comments from Salim Morsy, electric vehicle analyst at Bloomberg New Energy Finance. Morsey indicated that the claimed battery capacity would require batteries that would be too large for the Roadster's small frame. "I really don’t think the car you saw last week had the full 200 kilowatt hours in it. I don’t think it’s physically possible to do that right now."
At the time, the base price was set at US$200,000 while the first 1,000 units, the Founder's series, would sell for US$250,000. Reservations required a deposit of US$50,000 and those who made a reservation at the event were allowed a test drive in the prototype.
In April 2015, the company unveiled its Powerwall home and industrial battery packs, and quickly received orders valued at US$800 million. The two models included a 7 kilowatt-hour (kWh) wall-mounted unit and 10 kWh unit. The company announced larger-scale configurations for industrial users in units of 100 kWh. The company planned to open source its patents for the entire range.
Initial cells were made by Panasonic. When production shifts to Gigafactory 1, Tesla expected costs to drop by 30%.
In September 2016, Tesla announced it had been chosen "through a competitive process" to supply Southern California Edison (SCE) with 20 MW power (and 80 MWh energy) of battery storage. In May, regulators ordered SCE to invest in utility-scale battery systems after natural gas provider Southern California Gas leaked 1.6 million pounds (730 t) of methane into the atmosphere when a well ruptured at its Aliso Canyon Natural Gas Storage Facility.
In February 2017, Musk announced plans to build three additional Gigafactories to increase its battery manufacturing.
After Puerto Rico faced a hurricane, Elon Musk offered to work with Puerto Rico's government in rebuilding its solar energy grid. In October 2017, Tesla brought 700 solar panels to the "Hospital del Niño," where the batteries helped bring care back to 3,000 patients who needed constant care.
Tesla Chargers At Sherway Gardens In Toronto, Canada.
In 2012, Tesla began building a network of 480-volt fast-charging Supercharger stations. As of November 2017 , 1,032 Supercharger stations operated globally with 7,320 superchargers. The Supercharger is a proprietary direct current (DC) technology that provides up to 120 kW of power, a full charge in around 75 minutes. Tesla cars can recommend the fastest route for long-distance travel, incorporating possible charging delays.
All Tesla cars come standard with Supercharging hardware. Cars ordered after January 15, 2017 get 400 kWh of free Supercharging credits, as roughly 1,600 kilometres or 1,000 miles per year. Cars purchased before that date get free supercharging.
In December 2016, after a complaint sent to Musk via Twitter about abuse, Tesla announced that it will start charging an "idle" fee for vehicles that continue to occupy charging stations after they are fully charged.
Destination charging location network
In 2014, Tesla discreetly launched the "Destination Charging Location" Network by providing chargers to hotels, restaurants, shopping centers, resorts and other full service stations to provide on-site vehicle charging at twice the power of a typical charging location. On 25 April 2016, Tesla launched European destination charging, with 150 locations and more to be added later. Chargers are installed free of charge by Tesla-certified contractors. All installed chargers appear in the in-car navigation system.
In addition to its corporate headquarters, the company operates multiple large factories for making vehicles and their components. The company operates showrooms and galleries around the world.
Tesla was founded in San Carlos, California. Tesla's first retail stores were in Los Angeles, in Menlo Park, California and in Manhattan's Chelsea art district, followed by others in major US cities. In 2010, Tesla moved its corporate headquarters and opened a powertrain development facility in Palo Alto.
Tesla's first assembly plant occupies the former NUMMI plant in Fremont, California. known as Tesla Factory. As of 2016, the plant was not highly automated—it was expected to produce some 80,000 cars with 6,000 workers compared to a "typical" plant that might produce 250,000 cars with 3,000 workers. The 370-acre (16,000,000 sq ft; 1,500,000 m2) site includes a 5,500,000-square-foot (510,000 m2) building complex.
In 2015, Tesla acquired Riviera Tool & Die (with 100 employees in Michigan), one of its suppliers of stamping items. In 2017, Tesla acquired Perbix Machine Company, a manufacturer of automated manufacturing equipment, that has been an equipment supplier for over three years.
Tesla occupies a second factory in Fremont. The building is more than 500,000 sq ft (46,500 m2). The location is next to a SolarCity facility, a few miles from its Fremont plant.
Gigafactory 1 is located outside Reno, Nevada. As of January 20172) with 4.9 million sq ft (460,000 m2) of usable area across several floors.
, it occupied 1.9 million sq ft (180,000 m
It produces Powerwalls and Powerpacks as well as battery cells in partnership with Panasonic. The company anticipated that it would produce engines and drivetrains there.
The factory received substantial subsidies from local and state government.
The Gigafactory 2 is located in Buffalo, New York on the site of a former Republic Steel plant. It is operated by Tesla's SolarCity unit. The factory is a $750 million, 1.2 million square foot facility that directly employs 500 workers. Tesla partners with Panasonic to assemble photovoltaic panel modules, with plans to assemble full panels and solar roofs in 2018. Tesla received incentives to locate the factory in Buffalo through the Buffalo Billion program. As of August 2017 , the factory added production of tiles for the Tesla Solar Roof. In January 2018, Tesla announced, after testing on employees' roofs, that it would begin installing the Tesla Solar Roof on commercial customers' homes "within the next few months".
Tesla's first "new design" store opened on November 16, 2012 in the Yorkdale Shopping Centre in Toronto, Ontario. As of May 2017 , eight Tesla stores/galleries operated in Montreal, Quebec City, Calgary, Toronto and in Vancouver.
Tesla showroom in Munich, Germany
Tesla opened its first European store in June 2009 in London. Tesla's European headquarters are in Amsterdam. A 62,000 sq ft (5,800 m2) European service center operates in Tilburg, Netherlands along with a 77,650 m2 (835,800 sq ft) assembly facility that adds drivetrain, battery and software to the (imported) car body to reduce EU import tax, Musk confirmed in June 2014 and November 2016 its long-term plans to build a car and battery gigafactory in Europe, which several countries have campaigned to host.
In late 2016, Tesla acquired German engineering firm Grohmann Engineering in Prüm as a new division dedicated to helping Tesla increase the automation and effectiveness of its manufacturing process. After winding down existing contracts with other auto manufacturers, Grohmann works exclusively on Tesla projects.
As of February 2018, Tesla is building a small research and development office in Athens, Greece. 
Tesla Motor's Japanese showroom in Aoyama, Tokyo, which was the first showroom opened in the country
Tesla opened its first Japanese showroom in Aoyama, Japan.
Showrooms and service centers operate in Hong Kong, Beijing and Shanghai.
It also opened two showrooms in March 2017 and a service center in South Korea in late 2017.
Tesla opened a showroom in Sydney in 2010. followed by a showroom and service center in Melbourne in 2015.
In July 2017, Tesla won a contract to install the world's biggest grid-scale battery in South Australia by promising installation within 100 days. The Hornsdale Power Reserve with total capacity of 100 megawatts was connected to the grid on December 1, 2017.
Unlike many traditional manufacturers, Tesla operates as an original equipment manufacturer (OEM), manufacturing powertrain components for other automakers. Tesla has confirmed partnerships with Daimler and Toyota. It also works with Panasonic as a partner in battery and solar panel research and development. The company supplies battery packs for Freightliner Trucks' Custom Chassis electric van.
Starting in late 2007, Daimler AG and Tesla began working together. On May 19, 2009, Daimler bought a stake of less than 10% in Tesla for a reported US$50 million. As part of the collaboration, Herbert Kohler, Vice President of E-Drive and Future Mobility at Daimler, took a Tesla board seat. On July 13, 2009, Daimler AG sold 40% of its May acquisition to Aabar Investments PJSC. Aabar is an Abu Dhabi government investment vehicle. In October 2014, Daimler sold its remaining holding.
Tesla, builds electric-powertrain components for the Mercedes-Benz A-Class E-Cell, an electric car with a range of 120 mi (200 km) and 214 ft⋅lbf (290 N⋅m) of torque. The 36 kWh battery contains approximately 4,000 lithium-ion cells. 500 cars would be built for trial in Europe beginning in September 2011.
Mercedes-Benz B-Class ED
The electric motor was rated 136 PS (100 kW; 134 hp) and 310 N⋅m (229 lb⋅ft), with a 36 kWh battery. The vehicle has a driving range of 200 km (124 mi) with a top speed of 150 km/h (93 mph).
Smart ED2s have a 14 kilowatt-hours (50 MJ) lithium-ion battery and a powertrain from Tesla.
On May 20, 2010, Tesla and Toyota announced a partnership to work on electric vehicle development, which included Toyota's US$50 million future conditional investment in Tesla and Tesla's US$42 million purchase of a portion of the former NUMMI factory. Tesla cooperated on the development of electric vehicles, parts, and production system and engineering support.
On June 5, 2017, Toyota announced that it had sold all of its shares in Tesla and halted cooperation, as Toyota created their own electric car division.
Toyota RAV4 EV
This section needs to be updated. (November 2014)
Tesla and Toyota announced in July 2010 an agreement to develop a second generation of the compact Toyota RAV4 EV. A second generation RAV4 EV demonstrator was unveiled at the October 2010 Los Angeles Auto Show. Toyota built 35 of these converted RAV4s (Phase Zero vehicles) for a demonstration and evaluation program that ran through 2011. The lithium metal-oxide battery and other powertrain components were supplied by Tesla. In August 2012, the production version RAV4 EV was unveiled; the battery pack, electronics and powertrain components are similar to those used in the Tesla Model S sedan launched in June 2012, and the Phase Zero vehicles used components from the Roadster.
Freightliner Electric Van
The company supplies battery packs for Freightliner Trucks' Custom Chassis electric van.
Panasonic Energy Company President Naoto Noguchi presented Tesla CTO JB Straubel
with the first production run of lithium-ion cells from Panasonic's facility in Suminoe-ku, Osaka
On January 7, 2010, Tesla and battery cell maker Panasonic announced that they would together develop nickel-based lithium-ion battery cells for electric vehicles. Naoto Noguchi, President of Panasonic's Energy Company, said that the Japanese firm's cells would be used for Tesla's "current and next-generation EV battery pack." The partnership was part of Panasonic's US$1 billion investment over three years in facilities for lithium-ion cell research, development and production.
Beginning in 2010 Panasonic invested US$30 million for a multi-year collaboration on next generation cells designed specifically for electric vehicles.
In July 2014, Panasonic reached a basic agreement with Tesla to participate in Gigafactory 1.
Tesla and Panasonic also collaborate on the manufacturing and production of photovoltaic (PV) cells and modules in Buffalo, New York.
In August 2015, Tesla partnered with Airbnb to provide destination chargers at certain host houses, initially in California.
Tesla partnered with Liberty Mutual Insurance Company to offer an auto-insurance plan designed specifically for its electric cars. The plan was made available to US customers In October of 2017.
Lawsuits and controversies
On April 14, 2008, Tesla sued Fisker Automotive, alleging that Henrik Fisker "stole design ideas and confidential information related to the design of hybrid and electric cars" and was using that information to develop the Fisker Karma. Tesla had hired Fisker Coachbuild to design the WhiteStar sedan, but rejected the design that Musk considered "substandard". On November 3, 2008, Fisker Automotive Inc. issued a press release indicating that an arbiter had issued an interim award finding in Fisker's favor on all claims.
The company founding was the subject of a lawsuit that was later dropped after an out-of-court settlement. On May 26, 2009, Eberhard filed suit against Tesla and Musk for slander, libel and breach of contract. Musk wrote a lengthy blog post that included original source documents, including emails between senior executives and other artifacts attempting to demonstrate that Eberhard was fired by Tesla's unanimous board of directors. A judge struck down Eberhard's claim that he was one of only two company founders. Tesla said in a statement that the ruling is "consistent with Tesla's belief in a team of founders, including the company's current CEO and Product Architect Elon Musk, and Chief Technology Officer JB Straubel, who were both fundamental to the creation of Tesla from inception." Eberhard withdrew the case and the parties reached a final settlement. One public provision said that the parties will consider Eberhard, Musk, Straubel, Tarpenning and Wright to be the five co-founders. Eberhard issued a statement about Musk's foundational role in the company: "As a co-founder of the company, Elon's contributions to Tesla have been extraordinary."
In early 2014, Tesla reportedly tried to break the exclusivity agreement their charging partner in the UK had for locations along the UK's highways; Ecotricity replied by taking an injunction against them. The dispute was resolved out of court.
Top Gear review
Tesla unsuccessfully sued British television show Top Gear for its 2008 review of the Tesla Roadster (2008) in which Jeremy Clarkson could be seen driving one around the Top Gear test track, complaining about a range of only 55 mi (89 km), before showing workers pushing it into the garage, supposedly out of charge. Tesla filed a lawsuit against the BBC for libel and malicious falsehood, claiming that two cars were provided and that at any point, at least one was ready to drive. In addition, Tesla said that neither car ever dropped below 25% charge, and that the scene was staged. The High Court in London rejected Tesla's libel claim. The falsehood claims were later struck out. The Top Gear website posted a favorable review of the Model S in 2015 and featured the Model X favorably in 2016.
New York Times test drive
In early 2013, Tesla approached the New York Times to publish a story "Focused on future advancements in our Supercharger technology". In February 2013, the Times published an account on the newly installed Supercharger network on freeway between Boston and New York City. The author describes fundamental flaws in the Model S sedan, primarily that the range was severely lowered in the below-freezing temperatures of the American Northeast. At one point the vehicle died completely and needed to be towed to a charging station.
After the story was published, Tesla stock dipped 3%. Three days later, Musk responded with a series of tweets, calling the article "fake", and followed up with a lengthy blog post disputing several of the article's claims. He called it a "salacious story" and provided data, annotated screenshots and maps obtained from recording equipment installed in the press vehicle as evidence that the New York Times had fabricated much of the story.
[...] Instead of plugging in the car, he drove in circles for over half a mile in a tiny, 100-space parking lot. When the Model S valiantly refused to die, he eventually plugged it in.
— Elon Musk, A Most Peculiar Test Drive – Tesla Blog
In a statement, the Times stood by the accuracy of the story, calling it "completely factual". Author John Broder quickly issued a rebuttal in which he clarified and rejected many of the accusations made by Musk.
[...] I drove around the Milford service plaza in the dark looking for the Supercharger, which is not prominently marked. I was not trying to drain the battery. (It was already on reserve power.) As soon as I found the Supercharger, I plugged the car in.
— John Broder, That Tesla Data: What It Says and What It Doesn't — The New York Times
During further investigation by the media, Musk said "the Model S battery never ran out of energy at any time, including when Broder called the flatbed truck." Auto blog Jalopnik contacted Rogers Automotive & Towing, the towing company Broder used. Their records showed that "the car's battery pack was completely drained." In his follow-up blog post, Broder said "The car's display screen said the car was shutting down, and it did. The car did not have enough power to move, or even enough to release the electrically operated parking brake."
In the days that followed, NYT public editor Margaret Sullivan published an opinion piece titled "Problems With Precision and Judgment, but Not Integrity, in Tesla Test". She concludes "In the matter of the Tesla Model S and its now infamous test drive, there is still plenty to argue about and few conclusions that are unassailable." No legal action was pursued.
Singapore tax surcharge
In early March 2016, a report by Stuff magazine said that test performed by VICOM, Ltd on behalf of Singapore's Land Transport Authority had found a 2014 Tesla Model S to be consuming 444 Wh/km (0.715 kW⋅h/mi), which was greater than the 236 watt-hours per kilometre (0.38 kW⋅h/mi) reported by the U.S Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the 181 watt-hours per kilometre (0.291 kW⋅h/mi) reported by Tesla. As a result, a carbon surcharge of S$15,000 (US$10,900 at March 2016 exchange rate) was imposed on the Model S, making Singapore the only country in the world to impose an environmental surcharge on a fully electric car. The Land Transport Authority justified this by stating that it had to "account for CO2 emissions during the electricity generation process" and therefore "a grid emission factor of 0.5g/watt-hour was also applied to the electric energy consumption", however Tesla countered that when the energy used to extract, refine, and distribute gasoline was taken into account, the Model S produces approximately one-third the CO2 of an equivalent gasoline-powered vehicle.
Later that month, the Land Transport Authority released a statement stating that they and the VICOM Emission Test Laboratory will be working with Tesla engineers to review the test, and a Tesla statement indicated that the discussions were "positive" and that they were confident of a quick resolution.
The July 11, 2016 Wall Street Journal reported that Tesla was being investigated by the U.S. SEC to see if the company should have disclosed a fatal crash involving its autopilot technology before the company sold more than US$2 billion worth of shares in May 2016. A separate SEC investigation closed "without further action" in October 2016 about Tesla's use of non-GAAP (Generally Accepted Accounting Principles) reporting; Tesla switched to GAAP-reporting in October 2016.
In September and October 2016, seven Delaware lawsuits were filed by Tesla stockholders seeking to block the proposed SolarCity acquisition. In October 2016, the Court consolidated the actions and appointed a lead plaintiff. The plaintiffs alleged, among other things, that the Tesla board of directors breached their fiduciary duties in approving the acquisition and that certain individuals would be unjustly enriched by the acquisition. The acquisition was approved by Tesla and SolarCity's stockholders on November 17, 2016 and the merger closed on November 21, 2016.
Autopilot 2 class-action lawsuit
On April 19, 2017, Tesla owners filed a class-action lawsuit due to Tesla exaggerating the capabilities of its Autopilot 2 to consumers. The lawsuit claimed that "buyers of the affected vehicles have become beta testers of half-baked software that renders Tesla vehicles dangerous if engaged" Tesla attacked the lawsuit as a "disingenuous attempt to secure attorney's fees posing as a legitimate legal action".
On April 19, 2017, Tesla factory workers filed unfair labor practice charges with the National Labor Relations Board, alleging that Tesla uses "illegal surveillance, coercion, intimidation and prevention of worker communications [...] in an effort to prevent or otherwise hinder unionization of the Fremont factory."
According to CNBC, "the United Automobile Workers (UAW) union filed four separate charges with the National Labor Relations Board alleging that [Tesla] has illegally surveilled and coerced workers attempting to distribute information about the union drive." On February 10, 2017, three Tesla employees allegedly were passing out literature to initiate organizing union efforts. The literature pointed to working conditions, the company's confidentiality agreement and employee rights under the National Labor Relations Act. The UAW's charges allege that Tesla illegally told employees that they could not pass out any literature unless it was approved by the company.
In an attempt to unionize Tesla's Fremont plant, the UAW has paid organizers on the ground since 2016. The UAW is renting from a Fremont landlord, Sreenivasa Munukutla, who has been accused of wage and labor violations. The UAW continued to lease from Munukutla even as the Department of Labor investigation was ongoing.
The Fremont plant has been unionized in the past, both when owned by General Motors (GM), and later by the NUMMI partnership of GM and Toyota. While under UAW oversight, the plant closed once in 1982 (GM) and again in 2010 (NUMMI partnership) .
Working conditions and injury policies
Employees describe working at Tesla as stressful and meaningful. In 2016, Tesla's employees averaged 30 years age, and 20% were female.
On May 14, 2017, Tesla said that Total Recordable Incident Rate (TRIR, a measure of employee safety) was higher for the previous years, and stated a TRIR of 4.6 for Q1 2017. On May 18, 2017 The Guardian published a story about working conditions at Tesla Factory, relayed by CNBC.
Former and current Tesla employees publicly expressed concerns about worker treatment. Between 2014 and 2017, ambulances went to Tesla’s Fremont, California factory over 100 times to provide emergency services to workers exhibiting symptoms including fainting, dizziness, abnormal breathing and chest pains resulting from the physically demanding tasks associated with their positions. At the end of that period, Tesla Factory employed over 10,000 workers.
Working conditions are in part a result of the company's ambitious production figures. The 2018 goal is to manufacture 500,000 automobiles, a 495% increase from 2016. Tesla has acknowledged that its recordable incident rate (TRIR), which measures work-related injuries and illnesses that have been reported to regulators, exceeded the industry average between 2013 and 2016. Exact data was not released by Tesla over that period, because the company says the data is not representative of the factory's current operations. In a statement, Tesla emphasized it is "building entirely new vehicles from the ground up, using entirely new technology, production, and manufacturing methods, and ramping them at high volume."
Musk strongly defended Tesla’s safety record and argued that the company had made significant improvement. In 2017, however, when The Guardian reached out to 15 current and/or former workers, each contradicted Musk’s viewpoint. Jonathan Galescu, a production technician for the company, said, “I’ve seen people pass out, hit the floor like a pancake and smash their face open. They just send us to work around him while he’s still laying on the floor.” In February 2017, Jose Moran, a Tesla worker, blogged about the company’s practices of mandatory overtime, frequent worker injuries and low wages. Both workers are involved with the UAW's current organizing campaign.
Tesla’s policies for dealing with injured employees were also criticized. In 2017, workers alleged that Tesla’s policies got in the way of workers reporting injuries. At Tesla, workers who reported injuries were moved to lighter work and given access to supplemental insurance benefits. One injured worker reported that his pay went from $22 an hour to $10 an hour. In order to protect their incomes, many workers choose to work during their recovery from injury, in some cases inciting further damage and pain.
In 2017, Tesla added extra shifts and safety teams to improve conditions. According to the company, "the average amount of hours worked by production team members has dropped to about 42 hours per week, and the level of overtime decreased by more than 60 percent" after improvements were made. When CNBC requested comment about the issues, Tesla responded, “Tesla’s safety record is much better than the industry average, but it is not enough. Our goal is to have as close to zero injuries as humanly possible and to become the safest factory in the auto industry.”
On May 24, 2017, California Worksafe responded to Tesla's TRIR numbers, showing higher rates (8.8) than industry average (6.7) for 2015. OSHA reports that the incident rate at UAW-represented Ford plants has also exceeded the industry average in recent years. In some cases, UAW-represented plants' incident rates were three or four times higher than the industry average.
Ludicrous limited power output
Certain Tesla vehicles equipped with its Ludicrous performance mode had limited power output, as discovered by some Tesla owners in 2017. The power limits were connected to how frequently the drivers used Launch Mode; if a driver used it too much, the car’s power output was restricted to prevent excessive wear and tear on components. Customers complained and the company removed the limiter.
Illegal workers suit
The Mercury News in 2016 investigated the use of foreign construction workers to build Tesla’s paint shop at Tesla Factory. A whistleblower federal lawsuit was filed, which was unsealed in the summer of 2017. The suit alleged that Tesla and other major automakers such as Mercedes-Benz, BMW and Volkswagen illegally used foreign construction workers to build their U.S. factories. Court documents and the journalistic investigation showed that at least 140 foreign workers worked on the factory expansion, some of whom had questionable work visas, for as little as five dollars per hour. The workers came mainly from Eastern Europe on “suspect visas hired through subcontractors.”
As of March 2018product recalls for the Model S, two for the Roadster, and two for the Model X.
, Tesla had issued six
On April 20, 2017, Tesla issued a worldwide recall of 53,000 (~70%) of the 76,000 vehicles it sold in 2016 due to faulty parking brakes that could become stuck and "prevent the vehicles from moving."
On March 29, 2018, Tesla issued a worldwide recall of 123,000 Model S cars built before April 2016 due to corrosion-susceptible power steering bolts that could fail and require the driver to use "increased force" to control the vehicle.
Crashes and fires
On October 1, 2013, a Model S caught fire after the vehicle hit metal debris on a highway in Kent, Washington. Tesla confirmed the fire began in the battery pack and was caused by the "direct impact of a large metallic object to one of the 16 modules within the Model S battery pack." On November 6, 2013, a Tesla Model S on Interstate 24 near Murfreesboro, Tennessee, caught fire after it struck a tow hitch on the roadway, causing damage beneath the vehicle. Tesla said that it would conduct its own investigation, and as a result of these incidents, announced its decision to extend its current vehicle warranty to cover fire damage.
On January 4, 2014, a Tesla Model S in Norway caught fire while charging at one of Tesla's supercharger stations and was completely destroyed. No one was injured.
On March 28, 2014, NHTSA announced that it had closed the investigation into whether the Model S was prone to catch fire, after the automaker said it would provide more protection to its battery packs. All Model S cars manufactured after March 6 have the .25-inch (6.4 mm) aluminum shield over the battery pack replaced with a new three-layer shield.
A Model S driver died in a collision with a tractor-trailer on May 7, 2016, in Williston, Florida, while the vehicle was in autopilot mode. The driver is believed to be the first person to have died in a Tesla vehicle in autopilot mode. The NHTSA investigated the accident and concluded: "A safety-related defect trend has not been identified at this time and further examination of this issue does not appear to be warranted."
Maintenance costs, crash rates, and insurance costs
On June 4, 2017, the American Automobile Association raised insurance rates for Tesla owners following a report from the Highway Loss Data Institute. The report concluded that the Model S crashes 46% more often and is 50% more expensive to repair than comparable vehicles. Similarly, the Model X was concluded to crash 41% more often and to be 89% more expensive to repair than similar vehicles. As a result, AAA raised insurance rates on Tesla cars by 30%. Tesla said that the analysis is "severely flawed and not reflective of reality", however, Tesla failed to provide any contradictory numbers. Shortly thereafter, Russ Rader, the spokesman for the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, confirmed the AAA's analysis and that "Teslas get into a lot of crashes and are costly to repair afterward". Tesla has not made further statements on this topic.
Tesla has been criticized for repeatedly overpromising and underdelivering. Delivery dates for new vehicles and new vehicle features slipped on the Roadster, the Model S and the Model X. Advanced technologies like the prospect of a large network of solar-powered supercharger stations (first installed 2012; only two were solar-powered as of late 2014) also lagged projections.
In early October 2017, Musk had predicted that Model 3 production would be up to 5,000 units per week by December. A month later, he revised that target to "sometime in March" 2018 due in part to difficulties with robots on the assembly line, but primarily due to problems with the battery module. An analyst with Cowan and Company, a public relations firm, made this comment: "Elon Musk needs to stop over promising and under delivering".
In August 2015, two researchers said they were able to take control of a Tesla Model S by hacking into the car's entertainment system. The hack required the researchers to physically access the car. Tesla issued a security update for the Model S the day after the exploit was announced.
In September 2016, researchers at Tencent's Keen Security Lab demonstrated a remote attack on a Tesla Model S and controlled the vehicle in both Parking and Driving Mode without physical access. They were able to compromise the CAN bus when the vehicle's web browser was used while the vehicle was connected to a malicious Wi-Fi hotspot. This was the first case of a remote control exploit demonstrated on a Tesla. The vulnerability was disclosed to Tesla under their bug bounty program and patched within 10 days, before the exploit was made public. Tencent hacked the doors of a Model X in 2017.
In January 2018, security researchers informed Tesla that an Amazon Web Services account of theirs could be accessed directly from the Internet and that the account had been exploited for cryptocurrency mining. Tesla reacted by securing the compromised system and by rewarding the security researchers financially via their bug bounty program and stated that the comprise did not violate customer privacy, nor vehicle safety or security.
Tesla offers service at their service centers, or if a center is not available, mobile technicians can perform most inspections and repairs. It is recommended to have any Tesla car inspected every 12,500 miles or once a year, whichever comes first. The first units for each new model revealed design and manufacturing flaws, including the Model S and the Model X. As the Tesla vehicle fleet grew, limited service centers resulted in waiting periods for some owners. Auto experts view the service delays as insignificant, as owners are more accepting of the challenges of servicing a new type of car.
Tesla does not provide service manuals except in jurisdictions that required them to do so.
In June 2017, Tesla made a "last-minute push near the end of the Albany legislative session to expand its sales force in New York." However, Tesla and the legislature got pushback from the auto dealers. A New York State Legislature bill (A.8248/S.6600) would allow Tesla to operate 20 sales locations in the state, up from its current 5. The dealers attacked the bill, arguing that it would hurt their business because Tesla does not sell through dealers. According to the New York Law Journal, "Tesla . . . has its own in-house lobbyists, according to disclosures filed with the state's lobbying entity."
Board of directors
As of October 2017board of directors consists of:
, the Tesla
A group of investors asked Tesla in a 2017 public letter to add two new independent directors to its board “who do not have any ties with chief executive Elon Musk”. The investors wrote that “five of six current non-executive directors have professional or personal ties to Mr. Musk that could put at risk their ability to exercise independent judgement.” The letter called for a more independent board that could put a check on groupthink. At first Musk responded on Twitter, writing that the investors "should buy Ford stock" because "their governance is amazing.” Two days later, he promised he would add two independent board members.
- ^ a b Lamonica, Martin (2009-09-21). "Tesla Motors founders: Now there are five". CNET. Retrieved 2017-02-14.
- ^ "US SEC: Form 10-K Tesla, Inc". U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission. Retrieved March 8, 2018.
- ^ "Tesla Inc company 4-traders". Retrieved 2017-05-12.
- ^ a b c d Burns, Matt (2014-10-08). "A Brief History of Tesla". TechCrunch. Retrieved 2015-06-11.
Tesla was founded not by Elon Musk, but rather by Martin Eberhard and Marc Tarpenning in July 2003. The two bootstrapped the fledgling auto company until Elon Musk led the company's US$7.5 million Series A financing round in February 2004.
- ^ Hirsch, Jerry (2015-03-19). "Elon Musk: Model S not a car but a 'sophisticated computer on wheels'". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2015-05-09.
- ^ "Tesla delivers Model X electric SUV to take on luxury carmakers". Reuters. 2015-09-30.
- ^ "Tesla Motors - Premium Electric Vehicles". Tesla Motors. Retrieved 2015-04-12.
- ^ Higgins, Tim (2016-11-21). "Tesla Motors Closes SolarCity Acquisition". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 2017-02-14.
- ^ Howell, Donna. "Tesla Motors Shows Electric Model X SUV; What Next?". investors.com. Retrieved 2012-02-09.
- ^ "Detroit Auto Show 2014: $40,000 'Model E' From Tesla Motors (TSLA) Will Have A 'Practical' Range, Says Company's Head of Global Sales". International Business Times. 2014-01-14. Retrieved 2015-04-12.
- ^ Stephen Edelstein. "Tesla Model E To Debut at 2015 Detroit Auto Show?". Motor Authority. Retrieved 2015-04-12.
- ^ "Why the Name "Tesla"?". Tesla Motors. Archived from the original on 2007-10-16. Retrieved 2008-06-10.
- ^ "Here's The Untold Story Of How Tesla Motors Got Its Name". Business Insider. Retrieved 2017-11-14.
- ^ "Here's Why Tesla Motors Is Named for a Famous Serbian Inventor". Business Insider India.
- ^ "Fans celebrate birthday of inventor Nikola Tesla". Newsday.
- ^ a b c d e f g h Cobb, Jeff (2017-01-26). "Tesla Model S Is World's Best-Selling Plug-in Car For Second Year In A Row". HybridCars.com. Retrieved 2017-01-31.
- ^ a b c Sharan, Zachary (2017-02-04). "Tesla Model S & Nissan LEAF Clocked As World's Best-Selling Electric Cars In 2016". CleanTechnica. Retrieved 2017-02-04.
- ^ a b c d Cobb, Jeff (2018-01-22). "Tesla Quietly Sold 200,000th Model S Last Year". HybridCars.com. Retrieved 2018-01-22. "Tesla sold its 200,000 Model S in the fourth quarter of 2017, in October or early November, becoming the second plug-in car to cross this sales threshold after the Nissan Leaf (300,000 units by early 2017). As of December 2017 , Tesla reported global sales of 212,874 Model S cars."
- ^ a b Hull, Dana (2016-04-07). "Tesla Says It Received More Than 325,000 Model 3 Reservations". Bloomberg News. Retrieved 2016-04-07.
- ^ Hirsch, Jerry; Fleming, Charles (2015-01-13). "Ramping up production of affordable Tesla may take years, Elon Musk". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2015-01-17.
- ^ Frank, Jacqui; Chin, Kara (2017-07-07). "Tesla's Model 3 is coming and it's going to be the 'largest consumer-product launch ever'". Business Insider. Australia. Retrieved 2017-07-09.
- ^ a b "Tesla confirms having produced its 300,000th electric car". Electrek. 2018-02-14. Retrieved 2018-02-14.
- ^ "Tesla Gigafactory". Tesla. Retrieved 2017-12-27.
- ^ "Elon Musk on Twitter". Retrieved 2017-06-09.
- ^ a b "The Making Of Tesla: Invention, Betrayal, And The Birth Of The Roadster". Business Insider. Retrieved 2017-11-13.
- ^ a b c Musk, Elon (2006-08-02). "The Secret Tesla Motors Master Plan (just between you and me) No. 124". Tesla Motors. Archived from the original on 2010-08-02. Retrieved 2010-10-03.
- ^ a b "Elon Musk Envisions Tesla Electric Car as Low as $20K: Cleantech News". Gigaom.com. 2008-09-17. Archived from the original on 2015-03-12. Retrieved 2010-10-03.
- ^ "Germany Wakes Up to Tesla". Bloomberg News Gadfly. 2016-09-14. Retrieved 2016-09-14.
- ^ "Supply agreement for products and services based on Lotus Elise technology". OneCLE. 2005-07-11. Retrieved 2013-09-21.
- ^ Michaels, Daniel (2010-01-14). "Long-Dead Inventor Nikola Tesla Is Electrifying Hip Techies". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 2015-04-12.
- ^ "Tesla Motors Moving Quickly to Commercialization of an Electric Car". GreenCar Magazine. 2009-07-09. Archived from the original on 2009-07-12. Retrieved 2009-08-01.
- ^ David Shepardson (2012-05-09). "Tesla to deliver first Model S electric by June". The Detroit News. Retrieved 2012-05-10.
- ^ Chris Woodyard (2011-08-03). "Tesla boasts about electric car deliveries, plans for sedan". USA Today. Retrieved 2011-10-04.
- ^ Garthwaite, Josie (2011-05-06). "Tesla Prepares for a Gap as Roadster Winds Down". The New York Times. Retrieved 2011-05-07.
- ^ Dillow, Clay (2011-06-23). "Farewell Roadster: Tesla Will Stop Taking Orders for its Iconic EV in Two Months". Popsci.com. Retrieved 2013-08-10.
- ^ "2012 Form 10-K, Tesla Motors, Inc". U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission. 2013-03-07. Retrieved 2013-04-04.
- ^ "Working for Tesla Motors – Engineering TV". Retrieved 2010-10-03.
- ^ Lambert, Fred (2016-11-25). "Tesla has now over 30,000 employees (25K in US) after SolarCity/other acquisitions". Electrek. Retrieved 2016-11-26.
- ^ Martin Eberhard (2007-08-07). "Martin Eberhard of Tesla Motors speaks to the Motor Press Guild" (Flash video). Retrieved 2008-06-22.
- ^ "Former Flextronics CEO Michael Marks takes over at Tesla Motors - VentureOutsource.com". ventureoutsource.com. Retrieved 2017-04-21.
- ^ a b Baer, Drake (2014-11-11). "The Making Of Tesla: Invention, Betrayal, And The Birth Of The Roadster". Business Insider. Retrieved 2016-04-29.
- ^ a b Ohnsman, Alan (2009-01-19). "Detroit Auto No-Shows Put Startups Fisker, Tesla in Spotlight". Bloomberg L.P. Archived from the original on 2012-03-04. Retrieved 2009-02-10.
- ^ Reed, John (2009-07-24). "A New Start: FT:Elon Musk's ground-breaking electric car". Xinkaishi.typepad.com. Retrieved 2015-05-15.
- ^ Vance, Ashley (2015-05-14). "Elon Musk's Space Dream Almost Killed Tesla". Bloomberg News Business. Retrieved 2015-05-15.
- ^ "Crunchbase Tesla Motors". Crunchbase.com. 2008-11-18. Retrieved 2009-02-10.
- ^ a b Arrington, Michael (2009-05-19). "Tesla Worth More Than Half A Billion Dollars After Daimler Investment". Techcrunch.com. Retrieved 2009-08-01.
- ^ a b c d Davis, Joshua (2010-09-27). "How Elon Musk Turned Tesla Into the Car Company of the Future". Wired. Archived from the original on 2016-06-24. Retrieved 2016-10-10.
- ^ Baker, David R. (2016-05-31). "Elon Musk: Tesla was founded on 2 false ideas, and survived anyway". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved 2016-08-10.
- ^ a b "Tesla gets long-awaited government loan". The Business Journals. Pacific Business news. 2009-06-24. Archived from the original on 2016-05-05. Retrieved 2015-04-12.
- ^ "Tesla Announces Pricing of Initial Public Offering".
- ^ Scholer, Kristen; Spears, Lee (2010-06-29). "Tesla Posts Second-Biggest Rally for 2010 U.S. IPO". Bloomberg Businessweek. Archived from the original on 2010-06-30. Retrieved 2010-06-30.
- ^ Kerpen, Phil (2015-01-26). "Tesla and Its Subsidies". National Review. US. Retrieved 2018-02-03.
- ^ Hirsch, Jerry. "Elon Musk's growing empire is fueled by $4.9 billion in government subsidies". latimes.com. Retrieved 2018-02-08.
- ^ a b Boudreau, John (2012-06-22). "In a Silicon Valley milestone, Tesla Motors begins delivering Model S electric cars". San Jose Mercury News. Retrieved 2012-06-22.
- ^ a b "Tesla Signature series Model X to begin delivery September 29". CNBC. Reuters. 2015-09-03. Retrieved 2015-09-04.
- ^ Jeff Cobb (2015-12-15). "Tesla Model S Crossed 100,000 Sales Milestone This Month". HybridCars.com. Retrieved 2015-12-16.
- ^ a b Baker, David R. (2016-04-01). "Tesla Model 3 reservations top 232,000". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved 2016-09-14.
- ^ Goliya, Kshitiz; Sage, Alexandria (2016-05-04). "Tesla puts pedal to the metal, 500,000 cars planned in 2018". Reuters. US. Retrieved 2016-05-05.
- ^ a b Tesla Motors (2016-05-04). "Tesla shareholders letter:Tesla First Quarter 2016 Update" (PDF). Tesla Motors. Retrieved 2016-08-04.
- ^ Cole, Jay (2013-05-22). "Tesla Repays Entire DoE Loan, Taxpayers MAKE $12 Million on the Deal". Inside EVs. Archived from the original on 2016-05-06. Retrieved 2013-05-23.
- ^ "UPDATE 1-Tesla Motors raises more than $1 billion from debt, equity". 2013-05-17 – via Reuters.
- ^ a b Mead, Charles. "Tesla Raises $2 Billion With Convertible Debt to Finance Factory".
- ^ Hull, Dana. "Tesla Stock Sale Raises $738 Million as Banks Buy Option Shares".
- ^ Lambert, Fred (2016-06-16). "Tesla applied for a $106 million tax break on $1.26 billion expansion of Fremont Factory for the Model 3". Electrek. Retrieved 2016-09-14.
- ^ Claudia Assis; Jeremy C. Owens (2016-01-30). "Elon Musk exercises Tesla options, pays $50 million tax bill with own cash". MarketWatch. Retrieved 2016-02-21.
- ^ Chris Ziegler (2016-01-29). "Elon Musk bought $100 million more worth of Tesla this week". The Verge. Vox Media. Retrieved 2016-02-21.
- ^ "Tesla Motors Gross Profit Margin (Quarterly) (TSLA)". Yahoo! Finance. Archived from the original on 2016-11-26. Retrieved 2016-11-26.
- ^ "Tesla's selling, general and administrative costs 2008-2016 - Statistic". Statista. Retrieved 2016-08-09.
- ^ "Tesla's R&D costs 2010-2016 - Statistic". Statista. Retrieved 2017-05-15.
- ^ "Building Permits at Electric Avenue, McCarran, NV, 89434". BuildZoom. Archived from the original on 2017-05-15. Retrieved 2017-05-15.
valuations, the total of which is $1,112,535,506
- ^ Hogg, Rachael (2016-07-26). "Tesla's supply chain set for a surge". Automotive Logistics. Archived from the original on 2016-12-20. Retrieved 2016-12-20.
Getting from something like 50,000 to 500,000 units is a big, big step.. ..Tesla spent around $1.6 billion last year to prepare for the Model 3 launch, including on people, equipment and automation
- ^ Ferris, Robert; Wang, Christine (2016-08-03). "Tesla misses Wall Street targets, but logs gains in vehicle production". Retrieved 2016-09-14.
- ^ "Tesla Motors Is Officially Changing Its Name". 2017-02-01.
- ^ O'Kane, Sean (2017-02-01). "Tesla Motors changes company name to just Tesla". The Verge. US. Retrieved 2017-02-03.
- ^ Higgins, Tim; Steele, Anne (2017-03-29). "Tesla Gets Backing of Chinese Internet Giant Tencent". The Wall Street Journal. New York City. Retrieved 2017-03-30.
- ^ a b Isidore, Chris (2017-06-07). "Tesla joins the Fortune 500". money.cnn.com. CNN. Retrieved 2017-06-11.
- ^ Isidore, Chris (2017-07-07). "Tesla loses most valuable U.S. car company title after stock slide". CNN.com. Retrieved 2017-07-08.
- ^ Tesla Motors (2015-05-06). "Tesla Motors – First Quarter 2015 Shareholder Letter" (PDF). Tesla Motors. Retrieved 2016-08-04. A total of 10,045 Model S cars were delivered globaly during the first quarter of 2015.
- ^ Tesla Motors (2015-08-05). "Tesla Motors – Second Quarter 2015 Shareholder Letter" (PDF). Tesla Motors. Retrieved 2016-08-04. A total of 11,532 Model S cars were delivered globally during the second quarter of 2015.
- ^ Tesla Motors (2016-08-04). "Tesla Motors – Third Quarter 2015 Shareholder Letter" (PDF) (Press release). Palo Alto, California: Tesla Motors. Retrieved 2015-11-03. Tesla global electric car sales totaled 11,603 units during the third quarter of 2015, including six Tesla Model X units.
- ^ "Tesla Fourth Quarter & Full Year 2015 Update" (PDF). Tesla Motors. 2016-02-10. Retrieved 2016-02-10.
- ^ "Tesla Second Quarter 2016 Update" (PDF) (Press release). Palo Alto: Tesla Motors. 2016-08-03. Retrieved 2016-08-03. During the second quarter of 2016 Tesla Motors delivered 14,402 new vehicles consisting of 9,764 Model S and 4,638 Model X. Production during 2Q 2016 totaled 18,345 vehicles.
- ^ "Tesla Q2 2016 Vehicle Production and Deliveries" (Press release). Palo Alto: Tesla Motors. 2016-07-03. Retrieved 2016-08-03.
- ^ "Tesla Third Quarter 2016 Update" (PDF). Tesla Motors. Palo Alto. 2016-10-26. Retrieved 2016-10-27.
- ^ "Tesla Q4 2016 Production and Deliveries". Tesla Motors. Palo Alto. 2017-01-03. Retrieved 2017-01-03.
- ^ a b c "Tesla Fourth Quarter & Full Year 2016 Update" (PDF). Tesla Inc. Palo Alto. 2017-02-22. Retrieved 2017-02-22. Production totaled 24,882 vehicles in 4Q 2016 and vehicle deliveries totaled 22,252 units. No breakdown by model was provided.
- ^ a b c d "Tesla Q1 2017 Vehicle Production and Deliveries". Tesla Motors (Press release). Palo Alto: Market Wired. 2017-04-02. Retrieved 2017-04-04.
Tesla (NASDAQ: TSLA) delivered just over 25,000 vehicles in Q1, of which approx 13,450 were Model S and approx 11,550 were Model X.
- ^ a b c d "UPDATE - Tesla Q2 2017 Vehicle Production and Deliveries". Tesla. 2017-07-07. Retrieved 2017-07-10.
- ^ "Tesla Second Quarter 2017 Update (Letter to shareholders)" (PDF). Tesla. 2017-08-02. Retrieved 2017-08-05.
We delivered 22,026 Model S and Model X vehicles in Q2, for a total of 47,077 in the first half of the year.
- ^ a b c d "Tesla Q3 2017 Vehicle Deliveries and Production". Tesla. 2017-10-02.
- ^ a b c d "_Update_Letter_2017-3Q.pdf Tesla Third Quarter 2017 Update". Tesla. 2017-11-01. Retrieved 2018-01-10.
- ^ a b c d "Tesla Q4 2017 Vehicle Production and Deliveries". Tesla. 2018-01-03.
- ^ a b c "Tesla Fourth Quarter & Full Year 2017 Update" (PDF). Tesla (Press release). Palo Alto: Tesla. 2017-02-07. Retrieved 2018-02-07.
In Q4, we delivered 28,425 Model S and Model X vehicles and 1,542 Model 3 vehicles, totaling 29,967 deliveries.
- ^ "Tesla Q1 2018 Vehicle Production and Deliveries". Tesla. 2018-04-03.
- ^ "Tesla CEO Elon Musk: Here's Why We Don't Report Monthly Sales Figures". 2014. Retrieved 2016-09-24.
- ^ "Monthly Plug-In Sales Scorecard". 2016. Retrieved 2016-09-24.
- ^ Bade, Gavin (2016-08-01). "Tesla agrees to $2.6B price tag for SolarCity merger". Utility DIVE. Retrieved 2016-04-08.
- ^ "Tesla's Acquisition of SolarCity Receives Shareholder Approval". Retrieved 2016-11-17.
- ^ "Early Christmas Present For Elon Musk As Shareholders Bless Tesla-SolarCity Merger". Forbes. 2016-11-17. Retrieved 2016-11-22.
- ^ "Tesla - Current Report".
- ^ a b "Tesla's value drops $12 billion ahead of Model 3 rollout". The Economic Times. 2017-07-08. Retrieved 2017-07-30.
- ^ Ferris, Robert (2017-05-04). "Tesla shares drop as investors worry Model 3 will be too good". CNBC. Retrieved 2017-07-30.
- ^ "Geely's Volvo to go all electric with new models from 2019". CNBC. 2017-07-05. Retrieved 2017-12-27.
- ^ a b Boudette, Neal E. (2017-07-06). "Tesla Loses No. 1 Spot in Market Value Among U.S. Automakers". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2017-07-30.
- ^ "Tesla Q3 2017 Vehicle Deliveries and Production (NASDAQ:TSLA)". ir.Tesla.com.
- ^ a b c Holley, Peter (2017-11-03). "Analysis - Sleepless nights, broken robots and mounting pressure: Musk offers rare glimpse inside Tesla's 'production hell'". Retrieved 2017-11-06 – via www.WashingtonPost.com.
- ^ Ferris, Robert (2017-11-01). "Tesla Model 3 production was slow because a supplier 'really dropped the ball' said Elon Musk". CNBC.com. Retrieved 2017-11-06.
- ^ a b "Elon Musk Says This Is Tesla's 'Biggest Problem'". Fortune.com. 2017-11-01. Retrieved 2017-11-06.
- ^ "Tesla's head of battery engineering exits". 2017-11-06 – via Reuters.
- ^ "Tesla must stop overpromising, could need more finance: analysts". 2017-11-02. Retrieved 2017-11-05 – via Reuters.
- ^ "Tesla's Burning Through Nearly Half a Million Dollars Every Hour". Bloomberg. 2017-11-21.
It’s blowing through more than $1 billion a quarter thanks to massive investment in making the Model 3
- ^ Masters, Blake; Cauble, Matt (2014-10-07). "Peter Thiel – Lecture 5: Business Strategy and Monopoly Theory". genius.com. Retrieved 2015-05-20.
- ^ Robert Scardino (2009-07-17). "MSNBC Calls EV Drivers 'Lunatic Fringe'". AllCarsElectric.com. Retrieved 2009-08-08.
- ^ a b Welch, David (2007-07-30). "Tesla: A Carmaker With Silicon Valley Spark". BloombergBusinessweek. Archived from the original on 2014-09-14. Retrieved 2014-03-13.
- ^ "12 interesting things we learned from Tesla's Elon Musk this week". The Guardian. 2013-10-25. Retrieved 2013-10-26.
- ^ "Abu Dhabi Joins Feds as Tesla Backer". NBC Bay Area. 2009-07-14. Retrieved 2009-08-08.
- ^ a b "Soap Opera". Tesla Motors. 2009-06-22. Archived from the original on 2009-07-25. Retrieved 2009-08-01.
"Tesla Motors, Inc." consisted of Eberhard, Tarpenning and Wright, plus an unfunded business plan, and they were looking for an initial round of funding to create a more advanced prototype than the AC Propulsion Tzero. While there was a basic corporation in place, Tesla hadn't even registered or obtained the trademark to its name and had no formal offices or assets. To save legal fees, we just copied the SpaceX articles of incorporation and bylaws for Tesla and I invested $6.35M (98%) of the initial closing of $6.5M in Series A funding. Eberhard invested $75k (approximately 1%).
- ^ McAssey, Pat (2016-10-13). "Volkswagen CEO 'Annoyed Beyond Measure' That DHL Made Electric Van". NESN Fuel. Retrieved 2016-10-20.
- ^ a b Lambert, Fred (2016-02-26). "Tesla is now ~80% vertically integrated, says Goldman Sachs after a Tesla Factory visit". electrek.co. Retrieved 2016-03-31.
- ^ "Alternative Fuels Data Center: Developing Infrastructure to Charge Plug-In Electric Vehicles". afdc.energy.gov. United States Department of Energy. Retrieved 2016-04-10.
- ^ Maria Gallucci (2014-06-13). "Tesla Motors Opens Patents: Elon Musk's Electric Cars Now Part Of 'Open Source Movement'". HybridCars.com. Retrieved 2014-06-14.
- ^ a b "Press Releases" (Press release). Tesla Motors. 2009-06-04. Archived from the original on 2009-06-11. Retrieved 2009-08-01.
- ^ Richard Read. "Terrified of Tesla, NADA Launches Campaign To Tout Benefits of Franchise Dealerships". The Car Connection. Retrieved 2015-07-16.
- ^ Borroz, Tony (2010-02-19). "Tesla CEO Honored for 'Enlightened Vision'". Wired. Retrieved 2015-04-12.
- ^ Musk, Elon (2014-06-12), "All Our Patent Are Belong To You", Tesla Motors, retrieved 2014-06-13
- ^ Eric Blattberg (2014-06-14). "Here's what Tesla's 'good faith' patent stance actually means". VentureBeat. Retrieved 2015-04-12.
- ^ Jeff John Roberts (2014-06-14). "What Elon Musk did – and did not – do when he "opened" Tesla's patents". GigaOm. Retrieved 2015-04-12.
- ^ Hull, Dana (2012-01-17). "Tesla gears up to hire manufacturing workers". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2012-01-12.
- ^ a b Hull, Dana (2014-07-03). "2014: Tesla Motors on a mission to hire American veterans". San Jose Mercury News. Retrieved 2016-01-12.
- ^ Hull, Dana (2015-12-08). "Tesla Hopes Hiring 1,656 People Will Make It Profitable". Bloomberg. Retrieved 2016-01-12.
- ^ "CBS Evening News". CBS. 2015-09-01. Retrieved 2016-01-12.
- ^ Hull, Dana (2014-11-11). "Veterans tour Tesla's Fremont factory". SiliconBeat. Retrieved 2014-12-07.
- ^ Kane, Mark (2017-10-04). "Tesla Has Delivered More Than 250,000 EVs, ~55% In The U.S." InsideEVs.com. Retrieved 2017-10-06.
- ^ "SEC Form 10-K for Fiscal Year Ended Dec 31, 2012, Commission File Number: 001-34756, Tesla Motors, Inc". SEC. 2016-02-06. Retrieved 2014-02-25.
As of December 31, 2012, we had delivered approximately 2,450 Tesla Roadsters to customers in over 30 countries.
- ^ Lambert, Fred (2017-07-12). "Tesla's global fleet reaches over 5 billion electric miles driven ahead of Model 3 launch". Electrek. Retrieved 2017-09-04.
- ^ Fehrenbacher, Katie (2017-03-14). "Tesla, BYD Jockey for Electric Car World Domination". Green Tech Media. Retrieved 2017-03-15. Revenue figures from Bloomberg New Energy Finance.
- ^ Morris, David Z. (2017-10-22). "Tesla Reaches Deal to Build Factory in China: It sold $1 billion worth of cars there in 2016". Fortune.com. Time, Inc. Retrieved 2017-10-24.
- ^ Brent Snavely, Auto dealers chief warns of Tesla direct sales model, Detroit Free Press (October 7, 2016) (republished by USA today).
- ^ Isidore, Chris (2016-07-15). "Tesla opens a store inside Nordstrom". CNN Money.
- ^ Thompson, Cadie (2017-05-04). "Tesla Plans to Open More Retail Locations Ahead of Model 3 Launch". Business Insider – via Inc.
- ^ Hull, Dana (2015-08-21). "Thanks for Buying a $100,000 Tesla. Want a Tote Bag With That?". Bloomberg News Business. Retrieved 2015-08-21.
- ^ "Annual IRS report of Tesla, Inc. on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2016". ir.tesla.com. 2017-03-01. Archived from the original on 2017-03-03. Retrieved 2017-07-24.
- ^ "How Tesla's Referral Program Generates More Than 40x ROI". Inc.com. Retrieved 2016-10-16.
- ^ "Tesla Accused of Operating Illegal Showrooms in 4 States". The Car Connection. Retrieved 2015-04-12.
- ^ Harry Stevens (2013-01-15). "Court Affirms Tesla's Right to Operate Company-Owned Stores". Triple Pundit: People, Planet, Profit. Retrieved 2015-04-12.
- ^ Rogowsky, Mark (2013-12-04). "Ohio To Tesla: We're Ignoring Our Whiny Car Dealers For Now, Come Sell Here". Forbes. Retrieved 2014-05-08.
- ^ Borchers, Callum (2013-11-20). "Tesla battles auto dealers on direct sales to consumers". Boston Globe.
- ^ John Voelcker. "Tesla Loses Legal Battles To Texas, North Carolina Dealers". Green Car Reports. Retrieved 2015-04-12.
- ^ "Model S Design Studio". Tesla Motors. Retrieved 2015-04-12.
- ^ Dan Gearino. "Auto dealers in Ohio seek to stop Tesla's way of direct selling". The Columbus Dispatch. Retrieved 2015-04-12.
- ^ O'Toole, James (2013-07-02). "Tesla direct-sales petition hits 100,000 signatures". CNN. Retrieved 2015-04-12.
- ^ Christina Rogers (2013-10-07). "GM Opens the Door to Online New-Car Sales - WSJ". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 2015-07-16.
- ^ Richard Read. "GM Follows Tesla's Lead, Plans To Sell Directly To Online Shoppers". The Car Connection. Retrieved 2015-07-16.
- ^ Bengt Halvorson. "Scion Lets You (Almost) Buy A Car at Home, Take Delivery at Dealership". The Car Connection. Retrieved 2015-07-16.
- ^ Voelcker, John (2012-10-25). "Auto Dealers' Fight Against Tesla Stores: Elon Musk Weighs In". Green Car Reports. Retrieved 2014-02-10.
- ^ David Noland. "How Texas's Absurd Anti-Tesla Laws Turn Car Buying into A Joke". Jalopnik. Retrieved 2015-04-12.
- ^ Chapman, Steve (2013-06-20). "Car buyers get hijacked". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 2015-04-12.
- ^ "Direct-to-consumer auto sales: It's not just about Tesla". Retrieved 2015-07-16.
- ^ Richard Read. "Can The FTC Persuade Michigan & Other States To Open Their Doors To Tesla?". The Car Connection. Retrieved 2015-07-16.
- ^ Lane, Charles (2014-03-12). "Tesla takes on car dealerships in a fight to the death". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2015-05-20.
- ^ "Economic Effects of State Bans on Direct Manufacturer Sales to Car Buyers" Economic Analysis Group Competition Advocacy, May 2009.
- ^ Nelson, Gabe (2014-10-06). "Tesla's trump card? Used cars". Automotive News. Retrieved 2015-07-07.
- ^ Wenck, Kevin (2016-07-27). "Tesla: Residual Value Guarantees (On Leased Vehicles) Did Not End In July". Seeking Alpha. Retrieved 2017-06-17.
- ^ Lambert, Fred (2016-07-13). "Tesla discontinues 'Resale Value Guarantee' program for new vehicles to focus on low interest rates". Electrek. US. Retrieved 2016-08-22.
- ^ Joseph, Noah (2015-05-04). "Tesla starts selling used Model S EVs online". Autoblog.com. Retrieved 2015-07-31.
- ^ Caldwell, Jessica (2015-07-28). "Who Is the Used Tesla Model S Buyer?". Edmunds.com. Retrieved 2015-07-31.
- ^ "Pre-Owned Model S ; Tesla Motors". Tesla Motors. Retrieved 2015-07-07.
- ^ Szymkowski, Sean (2017-06-16). "Tesla changes warranty, cuts used Model S prices, to lure Model 3 buyers". Retrieved 2017-06-17.
- ^ Lambert, Fred (2017-06-12). "Tesla's new batches of used cars are selling ludicrously fast". Electrek. US. Retrieved 2017-06-17.
- ^ "Pre-Owned Model S ; Tesla Motors Canada". Tesla Motors. Retrieved 2015-09-27.
- ^ "Gebrauchtes Model S ; Tesla Motors Österreich" (in German). Tesla Motors. Retrieved 2015-09-27.
- ^ "Model S d'occasion ; Tesla Motors Belgique" (in French). Tesla Motors. Retrieved 2015-09-27.
- ^ "Brugt Model S ; Tesla Motors Danmark" (in Danish). Tesla Motors. Retrieved 2015-09-27.
- ^ "Model S d'occasion ; Tesla Motors France" (in French). Tesla Motors. Retrieved 2015-09-27.
- ^ "Gebrauchtes Model S ; Tesla Motors Deutschland" (in German). Tesla Motors. Retrieved 2015-09-27.
- ^ "Pre-Owned Model S ; Tesla Motors UK". Tesla Motors. Retrieved 2015-09-27.
- ^ "Tweedehands Model S ; Tesla Motors Nederland" (in Dutch). Tesla Motors. Retrieved 2015-09-27.
- ^ "Brukt Model S ; Tesla Motors Norge" (in Norwegian). Tesla Motors. Retrieved 2015-09-27.
- ^ "Begagnade Model S ; Tesla Motors Sverige" (in Swedish). Tesla Motors. Retrieved 2015-09-27.
- ^ "Gebrauchtes Model S ; Tesla Motors Schweiz" (in German). Tesla Motors. Retrieved 2015-09-27.
- ^ Fisher, Thomas (2013-06-11). "What Goes into A Tesla Model S Battery--And What It May Cost". Green Car Reports. Retrieved 2014-02-11.
- ^ Weintraub, Seth (2016-07-28). "Tesla Gigafactory tour roundup and tidbits: 'This is the coolest factory in the world'". Electrek. Retrieved 2016-07-30.
- ^ "Tesla Model 3 Pricing, Tesla Battery Price Down To $190/kWh". CleanTechnica. 2016-04-27. Retrieved 2016-09-07.
- ^ Wesoff, Eric (2015-03-15). "How Soon Can Tesla Get Battery Cell Costs Below $100 per Kilowatt-Hour?". Greentech Media.
- ^ Lambert, Fred (2016-12-14). "Tesla's hacked Battery Management System exposes the real usable capacity of its battery packs". Electrek. Retrieved 2017-01-13.
- ^ Noland, David (2013-11-13). "How Tesla May Beef Up Its Model S Battery Protection System". Green Car Reports. Retrieved 2014-02-11.
- ^ "Tesla CTO: Tesla Batteries Expected To Last 10–15 Years At A Minimum". CleanTechnica. 2016-09-06. Retrieved 2016-09-07.
- ^ "Why Vehicle-To-Grid & Used EV Battery Storage Isn't Logical". CleanTechnica. 2016-08-22. Retrieved 2016-08-22.
- ^ Jacques, Carole (2016-11-22). "Recycling, not Reuse, Is the Better Choice for Batteries from Retired Electric Vehicles". Lux Research. Retrieved 2016-11-25.
- ^ "Mythbusters Part 3: Recycling our Non-Toxic Battery Packs". Tesla Motors. Archived from the original on 2015-05-05.
- ^ Katie Spence (2014-02-09). "Will Battery Recycling Help Tesla Motors' Massive Shortcoming?". fool.com. Archived from the original on 2014-08-19.
- ^ "The Electric Vehicle Battery 'Can And Should Be Recycled'". CleanTechnica.
- ^ "Model S Specifications". Tesla. Archived from the original on 2017-02-09. Retrieved 2015-12-05.
- ^ Lawler, Richard (2014-10-09). "Riding shotgun in Tesla's fastest car ever". Engadget. Retrieved 2014-10-10.
- ^ "Tesla D is, as expected, an AWD Model S but new autopilot features surprise". Green.autoblog.com. 2014-10-09. Retrieved 2014-10-10.
- ^ "Autopilot: Full Self-Driving Hardware on All Cars". Tesla Motors. Retrieved 2016-10-21.
- ^ Lambert, Fred (2017-08-09). "Tesla has a new Autopilot '2.5' hardware suite with more computing power for autonomous driving". Electrek. Retrieved 2017-10-15.
- ^ Lambert, Fred (2016-10-20). "Tesla's software timeline for 'Enhanced Autopilot' transition means 'Full Self-Driving Capability' as early as next year". Electrek. Retrieved 2016-10-20.
At "2 to 3 months from now", Tesla expects .. the new software validation for the Autopilot features
- ^ Golson, Jordan; Bohn, Dieter (2016-10-19). "All new Tesla cars now have hardware for 'full self-driving capabilities'". The Verge. Retrieved 2016-10-22.
- ^ "Elon Musk on Boring Company, Semi-Truck, Mars – TED Talk [transcript]". Electrek. 2017-05-01. Retrieved 2017-05-02.
Chris: The time when someone will be able to buy one of your cars and literally just take the hands of the wheel and go to sleep and wake up and find that they've arrived. How far away is that? To do that safely? Elon: That's about two years.
- ^ Muoio, Danielle (2016-11-01). "Elon Musk: Tesla is developing a special kind of glass for its Model 3". Yahoo News. Business Insider. Retrieved 2016-11-05.
- ^ "Elon Musk says Tesla will begin selling solar roof tiles". USA Today. 2017-05-10.
- ^ Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy, U.S. Department of Energy and U. S. Environmental Protection Agency and (2017-03-24). "Find a car - Years: 2016–2017 - Vehicle Type: Electric". fueleconomy.gov. Retrieved 2017-03-26.
- ^ a b c Krok, Andrew (2017-07-29). "By the numbers: Tesla Model 3 vs. Chevrolet Bolt EV". CNET. Retrieved 2017-07-29.
- ^ Ingram, Antony (2013-08-07). "First 2013 Tesla Model S Delivered Outside North America--In Oslo". Green Car Reports. Retrieved 2013-08-07.
- ^ Makinen, Julie (2014-04-22). "Tesla delivers its first electric cars in China; delays upset some". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2014-05-07.
- ^ Trop, Jaclyn (2014-02-19). "Loss Tapers at Tesla as Its Sales Still Climb". The New York Times. Retrieved 2014-02-19.
- ^ Lambert, Fred (2017-03-15). "Tesla starts deliveries of the Model S/X 100D – new longest range electric vehicles – after EPA hiccup". Electrek. Retrieved 2017-03-18.
- ^ Cobb, Jeff (2017-01-11). "America's Plug-in Car Sales Were Their Best Ever in 2016". HybridCars.com and Baum & Associates. Retrieved 2017-01-12.
- ^ a b Cobb, Jeff (2018-01-04). "December 2017 Dashboard". HybridCars.com and Baum & Associates. Retrieved 2018-01-21.
- ^ Young, Angelo (2014-08-14). "Tesla in Norway: 436 Model S Sedans Are Being Delivered Monthly In Tesla's Largest Overseas Market". HybridCars.com. Retrieved 2014-09-15.
- ^ Frydenlund, Ståle (2014-01-02). "7.882 nye elbiler registrert i 2013" [7882 new electric cars registered in 2013] (in Norwegian). Norsk Elbilforening (Norwegian Electric Vehicle Association). Archived from the original on 2014-07-19. Retrieved 2016-03-13. Model S sales in Norway during 2013 totaled 1,986 units.
- ^ Frydenlund, Brett; Haugneland, Peter (2016-01-06). "Nesten 26.000 nye elbiler i fjor" [Nearly 26,000 new electric cars last year]. Norsk Elbilforening (in Norwegian). Archived from the original on 2016-02-06. Retrieved April 3, 2016. Model S sales in Norway totaled 4,040 units in 2014, and 4,039 units in 2015.
- ^ "Bilsalget i oktober" [Car sales in October] (in Norwegian). Norwegian Road Federation (OFV). 2016-11-01. Archived from the original on 2016-11-04. Retrieved 2016-11-04. Click on "Modellfordelt" to display the top 20 selling new cars in Norway: Tesla Model S registrations totaled 1,740 new units during the first ten months of 2016.
- ^ "Norges mest solgte bil i september er en elbil" [Norway's best selling car in September is an electric vehicle]. Grønn bil (in Norwegian). 2013-10-01. Archived from the original on 2013-10-04. Retrieved 2013-10-02.
- ^ Gasnier, Mat (2013-10-02). "Norway September 2013: Tesla Model S in pole position!". Best Selling Cars Blog. Retrieved 2013-10-02.
- ^ Voelcker, John (2013-10-01). "Tesla Model S Was Best-Selling Car in Norway For September". Green Car Reports. Retrieved 2013-10-02.
- ^ a b c Lindsay Riddell (2010-05-20). "Tesla to buy NUMMI plant, build cars with Toyota". San Francisco Business Times. Retrieved 2010-05-21.
- ^ Ricketts, Camille (2010-05-27). "Tesla paid $42M for NUMMI but doesn't have deal to build cars with Toyota". VentureBeat. Retrieved 2012-11-29.
- ^ a b "Tesla Wants NUMMI Operational By 2012". KVTU.com. 2010-05-21. Archived from the original on 2010-05-23. Retrieved 2010-05-22.
- ^ "Tesla unveils world's first mass-produced highway-capable EV" (Press release). Tesla Motors. 2009-03-26. Archived from the original on 2011-04-03. Retrieved 2009-08-01.
- ^ Willebrands, Michiel (2013-08-22). "Tesla opent assemblagecentrum in Tilburg" [Tesla opens assembly center in Tilburg]. AutoWeek Netherlands (in Dutch). Retrieved 2013-10-07.
- ^ "Model S Motor Trend Car of the Year Award 2013". Motor Trend. Retrieved 2012-11-12.
- ^ "And Now There Is One.... Tesla Model S Declared 2013 World Green Car [press release]". International Business Times. PR Newswire. 2013-03-28. Archived from the original on 2013-05-24. Retrieved 2013-03-28.
- ^ Zenlea, David (2012-11-01). "2013 Automobile of the Year: Tesla Model S". Automobile. Retrieved 2012-11-01.
- ^ "Best Inventions of the Year 2012—$22,000–$750,000—The Tesla Model S". Time. 2012-11-01. Retrieved 2012-11-02.
- ^ "Model X Specifications". www.tesla.com.
- ^ Cole, Jay Cole (2013-03-09). "Tesla Delays Model X Production To "Late" 2014". InsideEVs.com. Retrieved 2013-03-10.
- ^ Cobb, Jeff (2014-02-19). "Tesla Posts Strong Q4 Earnings; Projects More Growth This Year". HybridCars.com. Retrieved 2014-02-20.
- ^ Sebastian Blanco (2014-11-05). "Tesla Model X delayed, again, but Musk says Model S demand remains high". Autoblog Green. Retrieved 2014-11-05.
- ^ "Tesla Motors Inc (TSLA) Model X Pre-Orders Cross 30,000 Units". businessfinancenews.com. Archived from the original on September 26, 2015.
The table formed by TMC reveals that the electric vehicle (EV) company has received 30,027 Model X reservations worldwide. -- The sedan was able to receive only 12,000 pre-orders ahead of its launch.
- ^ a b Cobb, Jeff (2016-10-11). "Almost Half The Cars Bought In Norway Last Month Were Electrified". HybridCars.com. Retrieved 2016-10-11.
- ^ Fred Magne Skillebæk (2016-10-11). "Bilsalget september 2016 - Full fart forover!" [Car sales in September 2016 - Full speed ahead!]. Dinside.no (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2016-10-11.
- ^ "Tesla Model 3: Latest news, rumours, prices and specs". Auto Express. UK. Retrieved 2017-02-14.
- ^ "Tesla Model 3: Elon Musk unveils the Model 3 to huge fanfare". Los Angeles Times. 2016-03-31. Retrieved 2016-04-01.
- ^ "Model 3 Reservation Deposit". www.tesla.com. Retrieved 2016-03-22.
- ^ "Tesla Model 3: tens of thousands reportedly reserving the $35,000 car without having seen it". Electrek.
- ^ Hull, Dana (2016-04-07). "Tesla Says It Received More Than 325,000 Model 3 Reservations". Bloomberg. Retrieved 2016-04-16.
- ^ Sommer, Lauren (2016-04-18). "A Rare Look Inside The 'Gigafactory' Tesla Hopes Will Revolutionize Energy Use". NPR. Retrieved 2016-07-31.
- ^ "Tesla Hands Over First Model 3 Electric Cars to Early Buyers". US: NBC News. 2017-07-29. Retrieved 2017-07-29.
- ^ Randall, Tom (2016-04-21). "Ten Charts That Will Make You Rethink Tesla's Model 3". Bloomberg News. Retrieved 2016-05-07.
- ^ Loveday, Steven (2018-02-02). "January EV Sales Rise Again, As Tesla Model 3, Prime, And Bolt Lead". InsideEVs.com. Retrieved 2018-02-03.
- ^ "Tesla gives update on Model 3 production: on track for 2,500 per week by next month". Electrek. 2018-02-07. Retrieved 2018-03-10.
- ^ Warren, Tamara (2015-10-06). "Elon Musk just teased the Model Y in a tweet (which he immediately deleted)". The Verge. Retrieved 2015-10-08.
- ^ "Model Y". TradeMarkia. 2015-08-25. Retrieved 2016-02-10.
- ^ "Tesla Model Y will have "substantial carryover" from Model 3, next-gen platform to come later". Teslarati.com.
- ^ Randall, Tom (2016-03-30). "Elon Musk wanted to name his Model 3 Model E so Tesla's brands would spell SEX. This and other secrets about his newest car". Financial Post. US. Retrieved 2016-06-05.
- ^ Muoio, Danielle (2016-11-08). "Tesla car secrets you may not have known". Business Insider. US. Retrieved 2017-06-07.
- ^ Valle, Marius (2016-04-21). "Elon Musk: - Derfor har ikke Tesla satset på hydrogenbiler" [Elon Musk: Why Tesla did not opt for hydrogen cars]. Teknisk Ukeblad. Retrieved 2016-04-21.
The plan with Model 3 has been to make a car that half of us can afford. The next car should be one everyone can afford, according to Musk.
- ^ "Elon Musk: Tesla Plotting Gen 4 Model That Everyone Can Afford".
- ^ Ferris, Robert (2016-07-20). "Musk Sees Tesla's Future: Trucks, Transit and Solar in a Push to Sustainability". CNBC. Retrieved 2016-07-22.
- ^ Lambert, Fred (2016-07-29). "Tesla will leverage the Model X chassis to build its 'Minibus', says Elon Musk". Electrek. Retrieved 2016-07-31.
- ^ Lambert, Fred (2017-05-04). "Elon Musk is not so sure about Tesla's electric and autonomous minibus program anymore". Electrek. 9to5. Retrieved 2017-05-04.
- ^ "Tesla Model Y production plans to be unveiled in 3-6 months, capital investment starting this year, says Elon Musk". Electrek. 2018-02-07. Retrieved 2018-03-10.
- ^ "Tesla starts posting jobs for new Model Y program ahead of the launch". Electrek. 2018-03-09. Retrieved 2018-03-10.
- ^ "Tesla Model Y: Elon Musk says electric crossover coming in 'late 2019 or 2020' on new platform". Electrek. 2017-05-03. Retrieved 2018-03-10.
- ^ "Tesla Semi is using 'a bunch' of Model 3 electric motors, says Elon Musk". electrek. May 3, 2017. Retrieved 8 September 2017.
- ^ Mitchell, Russ (2017-11-14). "Tesla's entry into truck-making presents a whole new challenge for Elon Musk". LA Times. US. Retrieved 2018-02-03.
- ^ Davies, Alex (2017-11-16). "Elon Musk Reveals Tesla's Electric Semitruck". Wired. US. Retrieved 2018-02-03.
- ^ "Loblaw, Walmart to test out Tesla's all-electric Semi in Canada - CBC News".
- ^ Smith, Jennifer (November 17, 2017). "Tesla's Electric Semi Truck Gets Orders From Wal-Mart and J.B. Hunt" – via www.wsj.com.
- ^ a b "Tesla's Newest Promises Break the Laws of Batteries". November 24, 2017 – via www.bloomberg.com.
- ^ a b Gibbs, Samuel (2017-11-17). "Tesla Roadster: nine things we know about the 'smackdown to gasoline cars'" – via www.theguardian.com.
- ^ Ballaban, Michael (2015-07-17). "The Tesla Model S Just Got Upgraded to LUDICROUS SPEED". Jalopnik. Retrieved 2015-07-22.
- ^ a b Berzon, Alexandra; Sweet, Cassandra (2015-05-01). "Tesla CEO Elon Musk Unveils Line of Home and Industrial Battery Packs". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 2015-05-02.
- ^ Kaufman, Alexander C. (2015-05-01). "Tesla's New Home Battery Could Be The iPad of Energy Storage". HuffPost. Retrieved 2015-05-05.
- ^ Castelvecchi, Davide (2015-05-04). "Will Tesla's Battery for Homes Change the Energy Market?". Scientific American. Retrieved 2015-05-05.
- ^ Randall, Tom (2015-05-08). "Tesla's Battery Grabbed $800 Million in Its First Week". US. Bloomberg News. Retrieved 2016-10-13.
- ^ Shahan, Zachary (2015-02-15). "Tesla Gigafactory Now on Schedule For 2016, Not 2017". Solar Love. Retrieved 2015-06-12.
- ^ Geuss, Megan (2016-09-16). "SoCal utility will buy 80MWh of battery storage from Tesla after methane leak". Ars Technica. Retrieved 2016-09-16.
- ^ Bhuiyan, Johana (2017-02-22). "Tesla may be building three more Gigafactories". Recode. Retrieved 2017-02-25.
- ^ "Tesla Restores Power for Children's Hospital in Puerto Rico". LATINA. Retrieved 2017-10-30.
- ^ a b "Supercharger Tesla Motors". www.tesla.com. Retrieved 2017-05-12.
- ^ "Tesla Motors". Tesla Motors. Retrieved 2016-03-03.
- ^ "An Update to Our Supercharging Program press release". Tesla, Inc. 2016-11-07. Retrieved 2016-11-07.
- ^ "Improving Supercharger Availability". www.tesla.com. Retrieved 2016-12-18.
- ^ "Tesla starts fining people who abuse Supercharger stations". VentureBeat. Retrieved 2016-12-18.
- ^ "Destination Charging". US: Tesla Motors. Retrieved 2016-03-16.
- ^ Hull, Dana (2014-08-24). "Tesla rolls out "Destination Charging" program at hotels, restaurants and resorts". Silicon Beat. US. Retrieved 2016-03-16.
- ^ Lavrinc, Damon (2014-08-28). "Tesla Rolls Out 'Destination Charging' At Resorts And Restaurants". Jalopnik. US. Retrieved 2016-03-16.
- ^ "Tesla Introduces Destination Charging in Europe". 2016-04-25.
- ^ "Destination Charging". www.tesla.com. Retrieved 2017-05-31.
- ^ Stewart, James B. (2013-08-23). "Wondering if Tesla Can Get There From Here". The New York Times. Retrieved 2013-08-23.
- ^ Dudley, Brier (2009-05-21). "Business & Technology: Tesla announces showroom in Seattle". The Seattle Times. NW source. Retrieved 2009-08-01.
- ^ Marshall, Matt (2016-06-02). "2006: San Carlos start-up Tesla seeks sexier electric car". Mercury News. San Jose, California. Retrieved 2016-06-07.
- ^ "Tesla Store Los Angeles". Tesla Motors.
- ^ "press releases" (Press release). Tesla Motors. 2008-07-22. Archived from the original on 2009-05-28. Retrieved 2009-08-01.
- ^ "Tesla moving headquarters and powertrain operations to Palo Alto ". San Jose Mercury News. Retrieved 2009-09-14.
- ^ "Press Releases" (Press release). Tesla Motors. 2009-06-23. Archived from the original on 2009-06-26. Retrieved 2009-08-01.
- ^ Yoney, Domenick (2009-04-27). "Tesla Motors buying Long Beach Boeing building?". Autoblog Green. Retrieved 2009-08-01.
- ^ "Opens Tesla Factory – Home of the Model S" (press release). Tesla Motors. 2010-10-27. Retrieved 2011-11-20.
- ^ Burrows, Peter (2016-10-11). "Elon Musk's House of Gigacards". Technology Review. Retrieved 2016-11-02.
- ^ PUI-WING TAM (2010-10-21). "Idle Fremont Plant Gears Up for Tesla". Wall Street Journal. Archived from the original on 2015-03-16. Retrieved 2011-04-03.
Parts of the Fremont facility will be mothballed since Tesla is only using a fraction of the space. "When Nummi said it would close, the land was dead," says Fremont Mayor Bob Wasserman. When Tesla announced its Nummi deal in May, he says, "the land became alive" again
- ^ "Tesla acquires Michigan-based auto supplier". Detroit News. 2015-05-07. Retrieved 2016-09-14.
- ^ "First look inside new Tesla plant in West Michigan". WOODTV.com.
- ^ "Tesla doubles down on automation, acquires Perbix maker of automated manufacturing equipment". Retrieved 7 November 2017.
- ^ Avalos, George (2015-06-11). "Tesla lease in Fremont helps city's economy rebound". San Jose Mercury News. Retrieved 2015-06-15.
- ^ Lambert, Fred (2017-01-04). "Tesla Gigafactory: new aerial pictures of the expansion at the battery factory – January 2017". electrek.co. Retrieved 2017-02-04.
- ^ "Tesla Unveils Model 3". Tesla. 2016-03-31. Retrieved 2016-04-01.
- ^ Johnston, Adam (2016-01-08). "Tesla Starts Off 2016 By Producing & Delivering Powerwall". CleanTechnica. Retrieved 2017-01-06.
- ^ Randall, Tom (2017-01-04). "Tesla Flips the Switch on the Gigafactory". Bloomberg.com. Archived from the original on 2017-01-04. Retrieved 2017-01-04.
- ^ Lambert, Fred (2016-10-15). "Tesla is building new 'drive unit production lines' at the Gigafactory, will not only manufacture battery packs". electrek.co. Retrieved 2017-02-04.
- ^ Damon, Anjeanette (2014-09-16). "Inside Nevada's $1.25 billion Tesla tax deal". Reno Gazette Journal. Retrieved 2016-11-03.
the company must invest a minimum of $3.5 billion in manufacturing equipment and real property in the state. Five other states charge no sales tax at all and 34 states, including Arizona and Texas, don't charges sales tax on manufacturing equipment.
- ^ "- The Washington Post". Washington Post.
- ^ "6 things to watch as Panasonic gears up to start production". 2017-08-31.
- ^ Robinson, David (2016-10-17). "Tesla, Panasonic to collaborate on photovoltaic cell production at SolarCity in Buffalo". The Buffalo News. Retrieved 2016-12-27.
- ^ Christmann, Samantha (2016-12-27). "Panasonic will invest in Tesla's South Buffalo solar plant". The Buffalo News. Retrieved 2016-12-27.
- ^ a b Ayre, James (2017-09-07). "Solar Roof Tile Production At Tesla's Buffalo "Gigafactory" Now Up & Running". Clean Technica.
- ^ Eckhouse, Brian (2018-01-09). "Tesla's New York Gigafactory Kicks Off Solar Roof Production". Bloomberg. US. Retrieved 2018-02-03.
- ^ "Tesla Motors Find Us". Tesla Motors. 2014-03-20. Retrieved 2017-05-03.
- ^ Leeds, Samson (2009-06-28). "Tesla opens Flagship Euro Store in London". Top Car Zone. Sablog zone. Retrieved 2009-10-25.
- ^ "Green Autoblog". Green.autoblog.com. September 10, 2009. Retrieved 2015-04-12.
- ^ "Contact". Tesla Motors. Retrieved 2014-02-06.
- ^ Kane, Mark. "Tesla's New Tilburg Factory Now Open". InsideEVs. Archived from the original on 2016-05-17. Retrieved 2017-01-05.
re-assembled after leaving Tesla's Fremont factory in California in order to meet domestic manufacturing/regulatory standards and to avoid extra EU taxation/import tariff rules. The ‘final assembly‘ process reportedly takes about 2-3 hours per vehicle, but saves about ~10% worth of fees added to the EVs' pricing.
- ^ "Photo: Tilburg assembly line". insideevs.com. Retrieved 2017-04-21.
- ^ "TESLA huurder NewLogic II Tilburg - Outside photos of Tesla Tilburg". 2014-10-18. Retrieved 2017-01-05.
- ^ Klayman, Ben (2014-06-12). "Tesla CEO says electric carmaker plans European plant: report". Reuters. Retrieved 2014-11-06.
- ^ Lambert, Fred (2016-11-08). "Tesla plans to choose location for 'Gigafactory 2' in Europe next year, will produce both batteries and cars". electrek.co. Retrieved 2016-12-11.
- ^ Lambert, Fred (2017-01-08). "The race to get 'Tesla Gigafactory 2' heats up, French Minister visits Fremont factory". Electrek. Retrieved 2017-01-08.
- ^ Tredway, Gareth (2016-11-08). "Tesla buys automated manufacturing specialist Grohmann". Automotive Logistics. Archived from the original on 2016-12-20. Retrieved 2016-12-20.
- ^ Linden, Fritz-Peter (2017-04-06). "Demnächst nur noch ein einziger Kunde für Tesla Grohmann in Prüm" [Next, only a single customer for Tesla Grohmann in Prüm] (in German). Volksfreund.de. Retrieved 2017-04-08.
We need all capacities in Prüm to drive the production of the Model 3 in large numbers. "a fast and smooth transfer of current customers to other suppliers" is being carried out.
- ^ "Meet the Greeks that Lured Elon Musk's Tesla to Athens - GreekReporter.com". greece.greekreporter.com.
- ^ Smith, Helena (March 2, 2018). "Elon Musk to open Tesla R&D plant in Greece". the Guardian.
- ^ Chester Dawson & Yoshio Takahashi (2010-11-15). "Tesla Plans Japan Push". The Wall Street Journal. Archived from the original on 2016-04-07. Retrieved 2013-06-26.
- ^ "Tesla Motors Opens Showroom and Service Center in Netherlands (TSLA)". The Stock Market Watch. 2011-09-28. Archived from the original on 2016-01-16. Retrieved 2013-06-26.
- ^ Shu, Catherine (2013-12-16). "Tesla Launches Chinese Site As It Prepares To Sell Its Electric Cars in China". TechCrunch. Aol Inc. Retrieved 2013-12-16.
- ^ Lesage, Joe (March 14, 2017). "Tesla Opening Two Showrooms In South Korea This Week". Hybrid Cars. US. Retrieved March 29, 2018.
- ^ Terry Martin (2010-03-18). "Tesla set to launch Roadster EV in Australia this year". Go Auto. Archived from the original on 2016-03-04. Retrieved 2013-06-26.
- ^ "Tesla Roadster Approved for Australian Roads [press release]". Business Wire. 2011-01-11. Archived from the original on 2016-03-04. Retrieved 2013-06-26.
- ^ Maric, Paul (2015-04-30). "Tesla to open new showroom and service centre in Richmond". Car Advice. Retrieved 2015-07-06.
- ^ "Tesla wins giant battery contract in Australia, has 100-day deadline". Reuters. 2017-07-07. Retrieved 2017-07-10.
- ^ a b "Tesla Motors to Provide Batteries for Freightliner Custom Chassis Electric Van". Motor Trend. WOT. Retrieved 2011-11-20.
- ^ Godske, Bjørn (2010-05-21). "Toyota buys $50mio stake in Tesla". Ing.dk. Retrieved 2010-05-21.
- ^ "Press Releases" (Press release). Tesla Motors. 2009-05-19. Archived from the original on 2009-05-22. Retrieved 2009-08-01.
- ^ Atkins, Thomas (2009-07-13). "UAE'S Aabar buys 40 pct of Daimler's Tesla stake". Reuters. Retrieved 2015-04-12.
- ^ "Aabar Daimler Press Release, 2009" (PDF). aabar.com.
- ^ Mike Ramsey. "Daimler sells Tesla stake for $780 Million". MarketWatch. Retrieved 2015-04-12.
- ^ Jeffrey N. Ross (2012-10-04). "Mercedes B-Class headed to America... but only as an EV?". Autoblog.com. Retrieved 2014-11-05.
- ^ "Mercedes-Benz Electric Car by Tesla Test Drive –Video Tesla Mercedes-Benz A Class". The Daily Green. 2010-09-03. Retrieved 2010-10-03.
- ^ "Mercedes-Benz Introduces the Battery-Powered A-Class E-CELL; Production Run of 500". Green Car Congress. 2010-09-15. Retrieved 2011-05-04.
- ^ Masson, Laurent J (2011-03-29). "Quick Drive: Electric Mercedes A-Class E-Cell". Plugin Cars. Retrieved 2011-05-04.
- ^ "Mercedes-Benz B Class Electric Coming To U.S.: Report (Compliance Car Watch)". Green Car Reports. Retrieved 2016-04-19.
- ^ Nikki Gordon-Bloomfield (2015-09-16). "Report: Next-Generation Smart ForTwo Electric Drive Will Feature Renault-Made Motors". Transport Evolved. Retrieved 2017-08-29.
- ^ "Press Releases" (Press release). Tesla Motors. Archived from the original on 2010-06-11. Retrieved 2010-06-28.
- ^ Tierney, Christine (2010-05-20). "Toyota invests in Tesla to help reopen Calif. plant". The Detroit News. Retrieved 2010-05-22.
- ^ Tajitsu, Naomi (2017-06-05). "Toyota dumps all its shares in Tesla as their tie-up ends". Business Insider. Business Insider. Retrieved 2017-06-06.
- ^ Abuelsamid, Sam (2010-07-16). "Breaking: Tesla and Toyota to develop RAV4 EV, hope to launch in 2012 — Autoblog Green". Green.autoblog.com. Retrieved 2010-07-19.
- ^ "Toyota unveils RAV4 EV demonstration vehicle; targeting fully-engineered version in 2012 for market". Green Car Congress. 2010-11-17. Retrieved 2010-11-18.
- ^ Tellem, Tori (2010-11-17). "2012 Toyota RAV4-EV: Take Two". The New York Times. Retrieved 2010-11-18.
- ^ "Toyota RAV4 EV key for meeting California ZEV requirements; Tesla powertrain uses Model S components". Green Car Congress. 2012-08-10. Retrieved 2012-08-04.
- ^ Garrett, Jerry (2012-08-03). "Toyota and Tesla Trot Out the RAV4 EV". The New York Times. Retrieved 2012-08-04.
- ^ Gupta, Poornima (2010-01-07). "Tesla, Panasonic partner on electric car batteries". Reuters. Retrieved 2015-04-12.
- ^ "Tesla & Panasonic Make It Official, Buddy Up for Batteries: Cleantech News". Gigaom.com. 2010-01-07. Retrieved 2010-10-03.
- ^ "Panasonic invests $30m in Tesla". New Statesman. Retrieved 2010-11-16.
- ^ "Panasonic, Tesla agree to partnership for US car battery plant". Nikkei Inc. 2014-07-29. Retrieved 2014-08-01.
- ^ "Tesla and Panasonic Will Begin Manufacturing Solar Cells and Modules in Buffalo, NY". www.tesla.com. Retrieved 2016-12-28.
- ^ Kaufman, Alexander C. (2015-08-24). "Tesla Wants To Take Stress Out of Vacationing with an Electric Car". The Huffington Post. Retrieved 2015-08-26.
- ^ "Tesla Partners With Liberty Mutual for Customized Insurance Plan". Bloomberg.com. 2017-10-13. Retrieved 2018-03-09.
- ^ Korzeniewski, Jeremy (2008-04-15). "Tesla files suit against Fisker Automotive". Autoblog.com. Retrieved 2015-04-12.
- ^ Migliore, Greg (2008-04-16). "Tesla sues Fisker, alleges theft of trade secrets". AutoWeek. Retrieved 2008-04-16.
- ^ LaMonica, Martin (2008-11-04). "Tesla Motors loses trade secrets case against Fisker". CNET News. Retrieved 2009-09-27.
- ^ Eberhard v. Musk, Case No.: CIV-484400 (Superior Court of the State of California County of San Mateo 2009-07-29) (“From defendand's filing: "During a conversation with Musk in 2003, JB Straubel ("Straubel"), who later became Tesla's Chief Technology Officer, learned of Musk's interest in the development of an all-electric automobile. Following this conversation, he introduced Musk to Tom Gage and Al Ciccone at AC Propulsion, a company that had built an all-electric concept sports car call the Tzero. Musk was enthusiastic and encouraged Gage and Ciccone to put the Tzero concept into production. Though Musk was unable to persuade AC Propulsion to mass produce the Tzero, Gage offered to give Musk's contact information to two groups who did have such an interest, one of which included Eberhard, Marc Tarpenning ("Tarpenning"), and Ian Wright ("Wright").”).
- ^ Fehrenbacher, Katie (2009-06-14). "Tesla Lawsuit: The Incredible Importance of Being a Founder". Earth2tech. Retrieved 2009-08-01.
- ^ Martin Eberhard lawsuit (PDF), San Mateo County, CA
- ^ "Superior Court of California". County of San Mateo. July 17, 2009. Archived from the original on August 4, 2009. Retrieved August 1, 2009.
- ^ "Judge Strikes Claim on Who Can Be Declared a Founder of Tesla Motors [press release]". Business Wire. Retrieved 2009-08-01.
- ^ Squatriglia, Chuck (2009-08-19). "Eberhard Says 'Uncle' in Tesla Lawsuit". Wired. Autopia. Retrieved 2009-09-14.
- ^ "Tesla Motors founders: Now there are five". CNET. 2009-09-21. Retrieved 2009-09-21.
- ^ Vaughan, Adam (2014-05-23). "Tesla Motors accused of bullying to grab key car charging sites in the UK". The Guardian. UK. Retrieved 2014-06-14.
- ^ Green, Chris (2014-06-12). "Misdirected email sparks electric car war between Tesla and Ecotricity". The Independent. UK. Retrieved 2014-06-14.
- ^ Bennett, Peter (2015-06-17). "Tesla and Ecotricity reach out of court settlement over Electric Highways dispute". Next Energy News. Retrieved 2015-06-18.
- ^ "Tesla sues Top Gear for libel, New Stig unavailable for comment (update: BBC responds)". Engadget. 2011-03-30. Retrieved 2011-11-20.
- ^ Wilman, Andy (2011-04-02). "Tesla vs Top Gear: Andy Wilman on our current legal action". Top Gear. Transmission. Retrieved 2011-11-20.
- ^ "BBC denies rigging Top Gear Tesla Roadster car race". Newsbeat. BBC. 2011-03-30. Retrieved 2011-11-20.
- ^ Vaughan, Adam (2011-03-30). "Tesla sues Top Gear over 'faked' electric car race". The Guardian. Environment. London. Retrieved 2011-11-20.
- ^ "Tesla losing Top Gear court challenge". The Independent. 2011-10-21. Retrieved 2011-10-21.
- ^ Plunkett, John (2012-02-23). "Top Gear libel case over Tesla electric sports car struck out". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 2015-04-12.
- ^ Philip, Sam (2015-05-11). "First drive: Tesla Model S P85D". BBC Top Gear. Retrieved 2015-05-21.
- ^ "TGTV s23: Rory Reid in the Tesla Model X". Top Gear. 2016-11-03. Retrieved 2016-11-20.
- ^ a b "A Most Peculiar Test Drive – Tesla Blog". Retrieved 2015-02-19.
- ^ Broder, John M. (2013-02-08). "Stalled Out on Tesla's Electric Highway – The New York Times". Retrieved 2015-02-19.
- ^ Farrell, Maureen (2013-02-11). "Tesla stock dips on poor Model S review". US: CNN. Retrieved 2016-05-27.
- ^ a b Welch, Chris (2013-02-11). "Tesla CEO Elon Musk accuses New York Times of lying about Model S range anxiety". The Verge. US: Vox Media. Retrieved 2016-05-27.
- ^ Broder, John M. (2013-02-14). "That Tesla Data: What It Says and What It Doesn't — The New York Times". Retrieved 2015-02-19.
- ^ "Towing Company: The NYT Tesla Model S Was Dead When It Was On The Flatbed". Retrieved 2015-02-19.
- ^ Sullivan, Margaret (2013-02-18). "Problems With Precision and Judgment, but Not Integrity, in Tesla Test". The New York Times. Retrieved 2015-02-19.
- ^ "Be prepared for these roadblocks if you want to drive a Tesla in Singapore Stuff". www.stuff.tv. Retrieved 2016-06-01.
- ^ "LTA on Tesla: CO2 emissions for electric cars start at power grid". Channel NewsAsia. Retrieved 2016-06-01.
- ^ "Gas Mileage of 2014 Tesla Model S". www.fueleconomy.gov. Retrieved 2016-06-01.
- ^ a b c "Here's how clean a Model S is in Singapore (and elsewhere)". Tesla Motors. Retrieved 2016-06-01.
- ^ hermes (2016-03-04). "Electric car Tesla slapped with $15,000 tax surcharge". The Straits Times. Retrieved 2016-06-01.
- ^ "LTA on Tesla: CO2 emissions for electric cars start at power grid". Channel NewsAsia. Retrieved 2016-06-01.
- ^ "Singapore's LTA says the Tesla Model S it tested was a used car, hence its low efficiency". Tech in Asia. 2016-03-10. Retrieved 2016-06-01.
- ^ Kiss, Jemima (2016-07-11). "Tesla under investigation by SEC after fatal crash involving autopilot – report". The Guardian. Retrieved 2016-08-04.
- ^ Shumsky, Tatyana (2016-11-29). "SEC Criticizes Tesla Over 'Tailored' Accounting". The Wall Street Journal. Archived from the original on 2016-11-29. Retrieved 2016-11-29.
The SEC has judged the matter resolved without further action, according to an Oct. 12 letter the regulator sent to the company.
- ^ "Lawsuits are piling up against Tesla (TSLA) over the SolarCity (SCTY) merger, Tesla says 'without merit'". Electrek. 2016-10-10. Retrieved 2016-10-11.
- ^ "Tesla Shareholders approve SolarCity merger". CNN Money. 2016-11-17. Retrieved 2017-02-01.
- ^ Kakuk, Michael A. (2017-04-21). "Tesla Class Action Lawsuit Says Autopilot Feature is Dangerously Defective". Top Class Actions. Retrieved 2017-04-21.
- ^ Calfas, Jennifer (2017-04-20). "Tesla Owners Filed a Lawsuit Saying the New Autopilot Is 'Demonstrably Dangerous'". Fortune. Retrieved 2017-04-21.
- ^ Muoio, Danielle (2017-04-20). "Tesla owners have filed a class-action lawsuit alleging Autopilot 2 is 'demonstrably dangerous'". Business Insider. Australia. Retrieved 2017-04-21.
- ^ Dayen, David (2017-04-19). "Tesla Workers File Charges With National Labor Board as Battle With Elon Musk Intensifies". Capital and Main. Retrieved 2017-04-22.
- ^ Field, Kyle (2017-04-20). "Tesla factory workers intensify unionization efforts, file charges with National Labor Board". Teslarati.com. Retrieved 2017-04-22.
- ^ a b O'Donovan, Caroline (2017-04-25). "Workers involved in union activities say Tesla is illegally intimidating them". CNBC. Retrieved 2017-04-26.
- ^ a b "Union Leases From Landlord Known for Labor Violations". InsideSources. 2017-09-15. Retrieved 2017-11-20.
- ^ "The End Of The Line For GM-Toyota Joint Venture". NPR.org. Retrieved 2017-11-20.
- ^ Maynard, Micheline. "Building Teslas At The GM Plant That Refused To Die". Forbes. Retrieved 2018-04-07.
- ^ Lambert, Fred (2016-03-07). "Tesla and SpaceX standout in tech employee survey for the most stressful and lowest paying jobs, but also most meaningful". Retrieved 2017-11-03.
- ^ "OSHA Recordable Incident Rate" (PDF). NMMCC.com. Retrieved 2017-11-06.
- ^ a b c "Creating the Safest Car Factory in the World". www.tesla.com. 2017-05-14. Retrieved 2017-11-03.
- ^ a b c d e f g Wong, Julia Carrie (2017-05-18). "Tesla factory workers reveal pain, injury and stress: 'Everything feels like the future but us'". The Guardian. Retrieved 2017-11-03 – via www.theguardian.com.
- ^ a b Ferris, Robert (2017-05-18). "Tesla workers are passing out on the factory floor, according to a report". CNBC. Retrieved 2017-07-30.
- ^ "Manufacturing "Old Timers" Offer Tesla's Elon Musk Some Sage Advice". IndustryWeek. 2017-08-01. Retrieved 2017-11-27.
- ^ "NLRB Issues Complaint Against Tesla UAW". UAW. 2017-08-31. Retrieved 2017-11-27.
- ^ "Tesla Worker Jose Moran wants successful, profitable company with better conditions UAW". UAW. 2017-02-10. Retrieved 2017-11-27.
- ^ "Tesla responds: Here are "the facts" on our workplace conditions". The Mercury News. 2017-05-18. Retrieved 2017-11-27.
- ^ "Analysis of Tesla Injury Rates: 2014 to 2017" , 2017-05-24
- ^ a b "OSHA, Michigan OSHA, United Auto, Aerospace, and Agricultural Implement Workers (UAW)/Ford Motor Company/ACH-LLC (#97) Annual Evaluations - Appendix A - (Plant Injury and Illness Rate Tables) - 2012 Occupational Safety and Health Administration". www.osha.gov. Retrieved 2017-11-30.
- ^ Edelstein, Stephen. "Tesla Removes Ludicrous Mode Restrictions After Owner Complaints". The Drive. Retrieved 2017-09-25.
- ^ Hansen, Louis (2017-09-18). "Suit: Tesla, other automakers used illegal foreign workers to build plants". The Mercury News. Retrieved 2017-09-25.
- ^ Fehrenbacher, Katie (2016-04-11). "Tesla Recalls 2,700 Model X Cars for Seat Problem". Fortune. Retrieved 2016-04-12.
- ^ Lee, Timothy B. (2016-06-10). "Tesla's real problem isn't that its cars are expensive. It's that they're unreliable". Vox. Retrieved 2017-04-21.
- ^ Lee, Timothy B. (2017-04-20). "Tesla is recalling most of the cars it sold in 2016". Vox. Retrieved 2017-04-21.
- ^ Wang, Christine (2018-03-29). "Tesla voluntarily recalls 123,000 Model S cars over faulty steering component". CNBC. Retrieved 2018-03-31.
- ^ Christopher Jensen (2013-10-02). "Tesla Says Car Fire Started in Battery". The New York Times. Retrieved 2013-10-07.
- ^ Jaclyn Trop (2013-11-07). "Another Fire Raises Questions for Tesla". The New York Times. Retrieved 2013-11-10.
- ^ John Voelcker (2013-11-19). "Tesla Fires: NHTSA Will Probe, Warranty To Cover Fire Damage, Ride-Height Tweak". Green Car Reports. Retrieved 2013-11-24.
- ^ Lendino, Jamie (2016-01-04). "Tesla Model S catches fire at supercharger station in Norway". ExtremeTech. Retrieved 2017-06-28.
- ^ Danielle Ivory (2014-03-28). "Federal Safety Agency Ends Its Investigation of Tesla Fires". The New York Times. Retrieved 2014-03-31.
- ^ George, Patrick (2014-03-28). "The Tesla Model S: Now With Road Debris-Crushing Titanium!". Jalopnik. Retrieved 2014-03-31.
- ^ Bill Vlasic and Neal E. Boudette (2016-06-30). "Self-Driving Tesla Was Involved in Fatal Crash, U.S. Says". The New York Times. Retrieved 2016-07-01.
- ^ "Preliminary Report, Highway HWY16FH018". NTSB. 2016-07-26. Retrieved 2016-08-31.
- ^ Steware, Jack (2017-01-20). "After Probing Tesla's Deadly Crash, Feds Say Yay to Self-Driving". Wired. US. Retrieved 2017-04-17.
- ^ Glon, Ronan (2017-06-04). "AAA raising insurance rates for Tesla owners". Left Lane News. Retrieved 2017-06-07.
- ^ Burke, Katie (2017-06-04). "Tesla owners should pay more for insurance, AAA says". Automotive News. Retrieved 2017-06-07.
- ^ Felton, Ryan (2017-06-05). "AAA Raises Insurance Rates On Tesla Vehicles Because Repairs Are So Costly". Jalopnik. Retrieved 2017-06-07.
- ^ Lavrinc, Damon (2014-12-17). "What Will Tesla And Elon Musk Over Promise Next?". Jalopnik. Retrieved 2014-12-18.
- ^ Holley, Peter (2017-10-02). "'We understand what needs to be fixed,' Tesla says after missing Model 3 production goals". Retrieved 2017-11-05 – via Washington Post.
- ^ "Tesla must stop overpromising, could need more finance: analysts". 2017-11-02. Retrieved 2017-11-06 – via Reuters.
- ^ Masunaga, Samantha (2015-08-06). "Researchers hack a Tesla Model S, bring car to stop,". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2015-08-10.
- ^ Mahaffey, Kevin (2015-08-06). "The new assembly line: 3 best practices for building (secure) connected cars". Lookout. Retrieved 2015-08-13.
- ^ O'Connor, Fred (2015-08-07). "Tesla patches Model S after researchers hack car's software". Wired. Retrieved 2015-08-11.
- ^ "Car Hacking Research: Remote Attack Tesla Motors". Retrieved 2016-09-21.
- ^ Lambert, Fred (2016-09-20). "First Tesla Model S remotely controlled by hackers, Tesla already pushed a fix". Electrek. Retrieved 2016-09-21.
- ^ "This Tesla Investor's Tech Team Just Hacked the Model X - Again". Fortune. 2017-07-28. Retrieved 2017-10-15.
- ^ Hackett, Robert (2018-02-20). "Tesla Hackers Hijacked Amazon Cloud Account to Mine Cryptocurrency". fortune.com. Retrieved 2018-02-21.
- ^ Lambert, Fred (2018-02-20). "Tesla's cloud was 'hijacked' by hackers to mine cryptocurrencies". electrek.co. Retrieved 2018-02-21.
- ^ "Service plans". Tesla Motors. Retrieved 2016-09-12.
- ^ "Consumer Reports Car Reliability Survey 2016". Consumer Reports. 2016-10-24. Retrieved 2016-10-24.
When a car model is brand new or "completely redesigned," that can mean new parts, new systems—and new problems.
- ^ Dow, Jameson (2016-10-26). "Tesla says it reduced Model X issues by 92% amid criticism from Consumer Reports". Electrek. Retrieved 2016-10-26.
- ^ a b "Tesla Motors Service Delays Have Little Or No Effect On The Brand". The Country Caller. November 17, 2016. Archived from the original on November 22, 2016. Retrieved November 21, 2016.
Despite such poor servicing of vehicles, Blue Book's Karl Brauer believes that there has not been a big effect on the Tesla brand as early owners are not completely dependent on their Model S sedans and Model X SUVs. Dunne Automotive President, Michael Dunne, believes that the owners are well aware of such issues before buying a Tesla car as they know "they are part of this experience of the first breakthrough electric vehicles."
- ^ Tatarevic, Bozi (2015-10-15). "Tesla Doesn't Want You to Work on Its Cars". The Truth About Cars. Retrieved 2016-03-10.
- ^ a b "Inside Tesla's Lobbying Push to Expand NY Sales". New York Law Journal. Retrieved 2017-06-13.
- ^ "Board of Directors". Tesla, Inc. Retrieved 2017-10-16.
- ^ CNBC (2017-04-12). "Tesla investors urge board changes to prevent dysfunction". CNBC. Retrieved 2017-04-14.
- ^ a b c "Elon Musk spars with investors who want independent Tesla board". USA Today. Retrieved 2017-04-14.
- ^ "Musk Promises 2 New Directors for Tesla Amid Shareholder Criticism". Fox Business. 2017-04-12. Retrieved 2017-04-14.