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Terrence Vance "Terry" Gilliam (/ˈɡɪliəm/; born 22 November 1940)[2] is an American-born British screenwriter, film director, animator, actor, comedian and member of the Monty Python
Monty Python
comedy troupe. Gilliam has directed 12 feature films, including Time Bandits
Time Bandits
(1981), Brazil (1985), The Adventures of Baron Munchausen
The Adventures of Baron Munchausen
(1988), 12 Monkeys (1995), Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas (1998), and The Imaginarium of Doctor Parnassus (2009). The only "Python" not born in Britain, he became a naturalised British subject in 1968 and formally renounced his American citizenship in 2006. Gilliam was born in Minnesota, but spent his high school and college years in Los Angeles. He started his career as an animator and strip cartoonist. He joined Monty Python
Monty Python
as the animator of their works, but eventually became a full member and was given acting roles. He became a feature film director in the 1970s. Most of his films explore the theme of imagination and its importance to life, express his opposition to bureaucracy and authoritarianism, and feature characters facing dark or paranoid situations. His own scripts feature black comedy and tragicomedy elements, combined with surprise endings.

Contents

1 Early life 2 Career

2.1 Animation 2.2 Monty Python 2.3 Directing 2.4 Themes and philosophy 2.5 Look and style 2.6 Production problems 2.7 Box office 2.8 Recurring collaborators 2.9 Gilliam and Harry Potter 2.10 Secret Tournament 2.11 Slava's Diabolo 2.12 The Imaginarium of Doctor Parnassus 2.13 The Zero Theorem 2.14 Opera director 2.15 Projects in development or shelved 2.16 Future projects

3 Charitable activities 4 Personal life 5 Filmography 6 Awards, nominations and honours 7 References 8 Further reading 9 External links

Early life[edit] Gilliam was born in Minneapolis, Minnesota, the son of Beatrice (née Vance) and James Hall Gilliam. His father was a travelling salesman for Folgers
Folgers
before becoming a carpenter. Soon after, they moved to nearby Medicine Lake, Minnesota.[3] The family moved to the Los Angeles
Los Angeles
neighbourhood of Panorama City in 1952. Gilliam attended Birmingham High School, where he was the president of his class and senior prom king. He was voted "Most Likely to Succeed" and achieved straight As. During high school, he began to avidly read Mad magazine, then edited by Harvey Kurtzman, which would later influence Gilliam's work.[4] Gilliam graduated from Occidental College
Occidental College
in 1962 with a Bachelor of Arts in political science.[5] Gilliam told Salman Rushdie
Salman Rushdie
about defining experiences in the 1960s that, he said, set the foundations for his views on the world:

I became terrified that I was going to be a full-time, bomb-throwing terrorist if I stayed [in the U.S.] because it was the beginning of really bad times in America. It was '66–'67, it was the first police riot in Los Angeles. ... In college my major was political science, so my brain worked that way. ... And I drove around this little English Hillman Minx—top down—and every night I'd be hauled over by the cops. Up against the wall, and all this stuff. They had this monologue with me; it was never a dialogue. It was that I was a long-haired drug addict living off some rich guy's foolish daughter. And I said, "No, I work in advertising. I make twice as much as you do." Which is a stupid thing to say to a cop. ... And it was like an epiphany. I suddenly felt what it was like to be a black or Mexican kid living in L.A. Before that, I thought I knew what the world was like, I thought I knew what poor people were, and then suddenly it all changed because of that simple thing of being brutalized by cops. And I got more and more angry and I just felt, I've got to get out of here—I'm a better cartoonist than I am a bomb maker. That's why so much of the U.S. is still standing.[6]

Career[edit] Animation[edit] Gilliam began his career as an animator and strip cartoonist. One of his early photographic strips for Help! magazine featured future Python cast member John Cleese.[7] When Help! folded, Gilliam went to Europe, jokingly announcing in the very last issue that he was "being transferred to the European branch" of the magazine,[6] which, of course, did not exist. Moving to England, he animated sequences for the children's series Do Not Adjust Your Set, which also featured Eric Idle, Terry Jones, and Michael Palin.[7] Monty Python[edit] Gilliam was a part of Monty Python's Flying Circus
Monty Python's Flying Circus
from its outset, credited at first as an animator (his name was listed separately after the other five in the closing credits) and later as a full member. His cartoons linked the show's sketches together and defined the group's visual language in other media (such as LP and book covers and the title sequences of their films). His animations mix his own art, characterised by soft gradients and odd, bulbous shapes, with backgrounds and moving cutouts from antique photographs, mostly from the Victorian era. In 1978, Gilliam published Animations of Mortality, an illustrated, tongue-in-cheek, semi-autobiographical how-to guide to his animation techniques and the visual language in them.[8] Roughly 15 years later, between the release of the CD-ROM game Monty Python's Complete Waste of Time in 1994, which used many of Gilliam's animation templates, and the making of Gilliam's film Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas (1998), Gilliam was in negotiations with Enteractive, a software company, to tentatively release in the autumn of 1996 a CD-ROM under the same title as his 1978 book, containing all of his thousands of 1970s animation templates as license-free clip arts for people to create their own flash animations, but the project hovered in limbo for years,[9][10] probably because Enteractive was about to downsize greatly in mid-1996 and changed its focus from CD-ROM multimedia presentations to internet business solutions and web hosting in 1997[11] (in the introduction to their 2004 book Terry Gilliam: Interviews,[10] David Sterrit and Lucille Rhodes claimed that the internet had overwhelmed the "computer-communications market" and gave this as the reason that the Animations of Mortality CD-ROM never materialised). Around the time of Gilliam's film The Imaginarium of Doctor Parnassus (2009), the project had changed into the idea of releasing his 1970s animation templates as a license-free download of Adobe After Effects
Adobe After Effects
or similar files. Besides creating the animations, he also appeared in several sketches, though he rarely had main roles and did considerably less acting in the sketches. He did, however, have some notable sketch roles, such as Cardinal Fang of the Spanish Inquisition; the bespectacled commenter who said, "I can't add anything to that!" in the sketch "Election Night Special"; Kevin Garibaldi, the brat on the couch shouting "I want more beans!" in the sketch "Most Awful Family in Britain 1974" (episode 45); the Screaming Queen in a cape and mask in The Visitors; and Percy Bysshe Shelly
Percy Bysshe Shelly
in Ant Poetry Reading. More frequently, he played parts that no one else wanted to play, generally because they required a lot of makeup or uncomfortable costumes (such as the recurring character of a knight in armour who ended sketches by walking on and hitting one of the other characters over the head with a plucked chicken). He took a number of small roles in the films, including Patsy in Monty Python
Monty Python
and the Holy Grail (which he co-directed with Terry Jones; Gilliam was responsible for photography, while Jones guided the actors' performances) and the jailer in Monty Python's Life of Brian. He also designed the covers of most of the Monty Python
Monty Python
albums, including Another Monty Python
Monty Python
Record, The Monty Python Matching Tie and Handkerchief and Monty Python
Monty Python
Live at Drury Lane, and their film soundtrack albums. Directing[edit] With the gradual breakup of the Python troupe between Life of Brian in 1979 and The Meaning of Life in 1983, Gilliam became a screenwriter and director, building upon the experience he had acquired during the making of Monty Python
Monty Python
and the Holy Grail. He says he used to think of his films in terms of trilogies, starting with Time Bandits: the "Trilogy of Imagination" (written by Gilliam) about "the ages of man" in Time Bandits
Time Bandits
(1981), Brazil (1985), and The Adventures of Baron Munchausen (1988). All are about the "craziness of our awkwardly ordered society and the desire to escape it through whatever means possible."[12] All three movies focus on these struggles and attempts to escape them through imagination; Time Bandits
Time Bandits
through the eyes of a child, Brazil through the eyes of a man in his thirties, and Munchausen, through the eyes of an elderly man. In the 1990s, Gilliam directed a trilogy of Americana: The Fisher King (1991), 12 Monkeys
12 Monkeys
(1995), and Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas (1998), which played on North American soil and, while still surreal, had less fantastical plots than his previous trilogy.[13] Themes and philosophy[edit]

Well, I really want to encourage a kind of fantasy, a kind of magic. I love the term magic realism, whoever invented it – I do actually like it because it says certain things. It's about expanding how you see the world. I think we live in an age where we're just hammered, hammered to think this is what the world is. Television's saying, everything's saying 'That's the world.' And it's not the world. The world is a million possible things.[6]

As for his philosophical background in screenwriting and directing, Gilliam said on the TV show First Hand on RoundhouseTV, "There's so many film schools, so many media courses which I actually am opposed to. Because I think it's more important to be educated, to read, to learn things, because if you're gonna be in the media and if you'll have to say things, you have to know things. If you only know about cameras and 'the media', what're you gonna be talking about except cameras and the media? So it's better learning about philosophy and art and architecture [and] literature, these are the things to be concentrating on it seems to me. Then, you can fly...!"[14] His films are usually imaginative fantasies. His long-time co-writer Charles McKeown commented, "the theme of imagination, and the importance of imagination, to how you live and how you think and so on ... that's very much a Terry theme."[15] Most of Gilliam's movies include plotlines that seem to occur partly or completely in the characters' imaginations, raising questions about the definition of identity and sanity. He often shows his opposition to bureaucracy and authoritarian regimes. He also distinguishes "higher" and "lower" layers of society, with a disturbing and ironic style. His movies usually feature a fight or struggle against a great power which may be an emotional situation, a human-made idol, or even the person himself, and the situations do not always end happily. There is often a dark, paranoid atmosphere and unusual characters who used to be normal members of society. His scripts feature black comedy and often end with a dark tragicomic twist. Gilliam is fascinated with the Baroque
Baroque
period because of the pronounced struggle between spirituality and rationality in that era.[16][17] There is often a rich baroqueness and dichotomous eclecticism about his movies, with, for instance, high-tech computer monitors equipped with low-tech magnifying lenses in Brazil and a red knight covered with flapping bits of cloth in The Fisher King. He also is given to incongruous juxtapositions of beauty and ugliness or antique and modern. Regarding Gilliam's theme of modernity's struggle between spirituality and rationality whereas the individual may become dominated by a tyrannical, soulless machinery of disenchanted society, the film critic Keith James Hamel observed a specific affinity of Gilliam's movies with the writings of the economic historian Arnold Toynbee and the sociologist Max Weber, specifically the latter's concept of the "iron cage" of rationality.[17] Look and style[edit]

Gilliam at Cannes, 2001

Gilliam's films have a distinctive look, not only in mise-en-scène but even more so in photography, often recognisable from just a short clip; to create a surreal atmosphere of psychological unrest and a world out of balance, he frequently uses unusual camera angles, particularly low-angle shots, high-angle shots, and Dutch angles. Roger Ebert
Roger Ebert
said that "his world is always hallucinatory in its richness of detail."[18] Most of his movies are shot almost entirely with rectilinear ultra-wide-angle lenses with focal lengths of 28mm or less to achieve a distinctive style defined by extreme perspective distortion and extremely deep focus. Gilliam's long-time director of photography Nicola Pecorini has said, "with Terry and me, a long lens means something between a 40mm and a 65mm."[19] This attitude markedly differs from the common definition in photography, by which 40 to 65 mm is the focal length of a normal lens, resembling the natural human field of view, unlike Gilliam's signature style, defined by extreme perspective distortion due to his usual choice of focal length. The 14-mm lens has become informally known as "The Gilliam" among filmmakers because of his frequent use of it at least since Brazil.[20] Gilliam has explained his preference for using wide-angle lenses in his films:

The wide-angle lenses, I think I choose them because it makes me feel like I'm in the space of the film, I'm surrounded. My prevalent vision is full of detail, and that's what I like about it. It's actually harder to do, it's harder to light. The other thing I like about wide-angle lenses is that I'm not forcing the audience to look at just the one thing that is important. It's there, but there's other things to occupy, and some people don't like that because I'm not pointing things out as precisely as I could if I was to use a long lens where I'd focus just on the one thing and everything else would be out of focus. ... [M]y films, I think, are better the second and third time, frankly, because you can now relax and go with the flow that may not have been as apparent as the first time you saw it and wallow in the details of the worlds we're creating. ... I try to clutter [my visuals] up, they're worthy of many viewings.[21]

In another interview, Gilliam mentioned, in relation to the 9.8-mm Kinoptic lens he had first used on Brazil, that wide-angle lenses make small film sets "look big".[22] The widest lens he has used so far is an 8-mm Zeiss lens employed in filming The Imaginarium of Doctor Parnassus.[23] Production problems[edit]

Gilliam at an IFC Center
IFC Center
on 4 October 2006

Gilliam has made a few extremely expensive movies beset with production problems. After the lengthy quarrelling with Universal Studios over Brazil, Gilliam's next picture, The Adventures of Baron Munchausen, cost around US$46 million,[24] and then earned only about US$8 million in US ticket sales. The film saw no wide domestic release from Columbia Pictures, which was in the process of being sold at the time. In the mid-1990s, Gilliam and Charles McKeown developed a script for Time Bandits
Time Bandits
2, a project that was never produced because several of the original actors had died. Gilliam also attempted to direct a version of Charles Dickens's A Tale of Two Cities, which collapsed due to disagreements over its budget and the choice of a lead actor.[25] Gilliam attempted twice to adapt Alan Moore's Watchmen
Watchmen
comics into a film, in 1989 and 1996. Both attempts were unsuccessful. In 1999, Gilliam attempted to film The Man Who Killed Don Quixote, budgeted at US$32.1 million, among the highest-budgeted films to use only European financing; but in the first week of shooting, the actor playing Don Quixote
Don Quixote
(Jean Rochefort) suffered a herniated disc, and a flood severely damaged the set. The film was cancelled, resulting in an insurance claim of US$15 million.[26] Despite the cancellation, the aborted project did yield the documentary Lost in La Mancha, produced from film from a second crew that had been hired by Gilliam to document the making of Quixote. After the cancellation, both Gilliam and the film's co-lead, Johnny Depp, wanted to revive the project. The insurance company involved in the failed first attempt withheld the rights to the screenplay for several years[27] but the production was restarted in 2008.[28][29] From 2002 to 2006, Gilliam tried to get funding for an adaptation of Good Omens, by Terry Pratchett
Terry Pratchett
and Neil Gaiman, with Robin Williams and Johnny Depp
Johnny Depp
rumored as possible stars, but movie studios found the apocalyptic theme unacceptable in the wake of the 9/11 terror attacks, and funding never materialized.[30][31] More recently, unforeseeable problems again befell a Gilliam project when the actor Heath Ledger
Heath Ledger
died in New York City during the filming of The Imaginarium of Doctor Parnassus. Box office[edit] Gilliam's first successful feature, Time Bandits
Time Bandits
(1981), earned more than eight times its original budget in the United States alone. The Adventures of Baron Munchausen (1988), although it was a flop at the box office, was nominated for four Academy Awards
Academy Awards
(and won, among other European prizes, three BAFTA Awards). The Fisher King
The Fisher King
(1991), his first film not to feature a member of the Monty Python
Monty Python
troupe, had a budget of $24 million and grossed more than $41 million at United States box office. 12 Monkeys
12 Monkeys
grossed more than US$168 million worldwide. The Brothers Grimm, despite a mixed critical reception, grossed over US$105 million worldwide. The Imaginarium of Doctor Parnassus, with a budget of $30 million, has been an international success at the box office, grossing over $60 million in worldwide theatrical release. According to Box Office Mojo, his films have grossed an average of $21,602,510.[32] Recurring collaborators[edit] Since his first feature, Gilliam has shown a propensity to work with particular actors in numerous productions. Up until the 1990s, each of Gilliam's non-Python films has featured at least one of his fellow Monty Python
Monty Python
alumni (particularly Palin, Cleese, and Idle), and for his finished projects Gilliam has worked with the following actors at least twice (in order of first film appearance):

Derrick O'Connor (Jabberwocky, Time Bandits, Brazil) Derek Deadman (Jabberwocky, Time Bandits, Brazil) Jack Purvis (Time Bandits, Brazil, The Adventures of Baron Munchausen) Charles McKeown (Time Bandits, Brazil, The Adventures of Baron Munchausen) Katherine Helmond
Katherine Helmond
(Time Bandits, Brazil, Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas) Ray Cooper
Ray Cooper
(Brazil, The Adventures of Baron Munchausen, The Imaginarium of Doctor Parnassus, The Zero Theorem) Jonathan Pryce
Jonathan Pryce
(Brazil, The Adventures of Baron Munchausen, The Brothers Grimm, The Man Who Killed Don Quixote) Stephen Bridgewater (The Fisher King, 12 Monkeys, Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas) Peter Stormare
Peter Stormare
(The Brothers Grimm, The Imaginarium of Doctor Parnassus, The Zero Theorem)

Other recurring collaborators include Gilliam's cinematographers Roger Pratt (Brazil, The Fisher King, 12 Monkeys) and Nicola Pecorini (Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas, The Brothers Grimm, Tideland, The Imaginarium of Doctor Parnassus, The Zero Theorem, The Man Who Killed Don Quixote), and his co-writer McKeown (Brazil, The Adventures of Baron Munchausen, The Imaginarium of Doctor Parnassus). Gilliam and Harry Potter[edit] J. K. Rowling, the author of the Harry Potter
Harry Potter
series, is a fan of Gilliam's work. Consequently, he was Rowling's first choice to direct Harry Potter
Harry Potter
and the Philosopher's Stone in 2000, but Warner Bros. ultimately chose Chris Columbus for the job.[33] In response to this decision, Gilliam said that "I was the perfect guy to do Harry Potter. I remember leaving the meeting, getting in my car, and driving for about two hours along Mulholland Drive
Mulholland Drive
just so angry. I mean, Chris Columbus' versions are terrible. Just dull. Pedestrian."[34] In 2006, Gilliam said that he found Alfonso Cuarón's Harry Potter
Harry Potter
and the Prisoner of Azkaban to be "really good... much closer to what I would've done."[35] In retrospect, however, Gilliam has stated that he wouldn't have liked to direct any Potter film. In a 2005 interview with Total Film, he said that he would not enjoy working on such an expensive project because of interference from studio executives.[36] In Harry Potter
Harry Potter
and the Deathly Hallows – Part 1, director David Yates paid homage to Gilliam's 1985 film Brazil, portraying the Death Eater–infiltrated Ministry of Magic in a fashion reminiscent of Gilliam's totalitarian bureaucracy.[37][38] Secret Tournament[edit] In 2002, Gilliam directed a series of television advertisements called Secret Tournament.[39] The advertisements were part of Nike's FIFA World Cup campaign and featured a secret three-on-three tournament between the world's best football players inside a huge tanker ship, accompanied by the Elvis Presley
Elvis Presley
song "A Little Less Conversation". Slava's Diabolo[edit]

Gilliam at the 41st Karlovy Vary International Film Festival, April 2006

In 2006, Gilliam directed the stage show Slava's Diabolo, created and staged by the Russian clown artist Slava Polunin. The show combined Polunin's clown style, characterised by deep nonverbal expression and interaction with the audience, with Gilliam's rich visuals and surrealistic imagery. The show premiered at the Noga Hall of the Gesher Theatre in Jaffa, Israel. The Imaginarium of Doctor Parnassus[edit] The Imaginarium of Doctor Parnassus, directed and co-written by Gilliam, was released in 2009.[40] In January 2007, Gilliam announced that he had been working on a new project with his writing partner Charles McKeown. One day later, the fansite Dreams reported[41] that the new project was titled The Imaginarium of Doctor Parnassus. In October 2007, Dreams confirmed that this would be Gilliam's next project and was slated to star Christopher Plummer
Christopher Plummer
and Tom Waits.[42] Production began in December 2007 in London.[43] On 22 January 2008, production of the film was disrupted following the death of Heath Ledger
Heath Ledger
in New York City. Variety reported that Ledger's involvement had been a "key factor" in the film's financing.[44] Production was suspended indefinitely by 24 January,[45] but in February the actors Johnny Depp, Jude Law, and Colin Farrell
Colin Farrell
signed on to continue Ledger's role, transforming into multiple incarnations of his character in the "magical" world of the film.[46][47] Thanks to this arrangement the principal photography was completed on 15 April 2008, on schedule. Editing was completed in November 2008.[48] According to the official ParnassusFilm Twitter channel[49][50] launched on 30 March 2009, the film's post-production FX work finished on 31 March. During the filming, Gilliam was accidentally hit by a bus and suffered a broken back.[51] The film had successful screenings including a premiere at the 62nd Cannes Film Festival. The UK release for the film was scheduled for 6 June 2009 but was pushed back to 16 October 2009. The USA release was on 25 December 2009. Eventually, this $30 million-budgeted film had grossed more than $60 million in worldwide theatrical release and received two Academy Award
Academy Award
nominations. The film's end credit states that the film is dedicated to the memories of Ledger and William Vince. Depp, Farrell, and Law donated their proceeds from the film to Ledger's daughter.[52] The Zero Theorem[edit] In July 2012, Gilliam revealed plans for a film which would be shot in Bucharest, Romania. He denied that it would be Don Quixote
Don Quixote
but refused to give any further details.[53] The actor David Walliams
David Walliams
reportedly entered into talks with Gilliam to play a part in it and was told that he'd have to "be willing to work with Johnny Depp
Johnny Depp
and fly to Bucharest where the movie is to be filmed."[54] Depp, to that point, had made no mention of his involvement but was seen in Bucharest
Bucharest
around the same time in mid-July[55] as Romanian news outlets reported Gilliam was staying in the city for negotiations on studio work with the Romanian film production company MediaPro Studios.[56] On 13 August 2012, this project was announced to be The Zero Theorem, set to start shooting in Bucharest
Bucharest
on 22 October, produced by Dean Zanuck (son of the late Richard D. Zanuck, who was originally to produce the film in 2009), with worldwide sales handled by Voltage Pictures, Toronto, and starring the Academy Award–winner Christoph Waltz
Christoph Waltz
in the lead (replacing Billy Bob Thornton, who had been attached to the project in 2009).[57][58][59][60][61][62][63] The Zero Theorem
The Zero Theorem
premiered at the 70th Venice International Film Festival
70th Venice International Film Festival
on 2 September 2013.[64][65] Opera director[edit] Gilliam made his opera debut at London's English National Opera
English National Opera
(ENO) in May 2011, directing The Damnation of Faust, by Hector Berlioz.[66] The production received positive reviews in the British press[67][68][69] On 16 September 2012, the production opened at the Vlaamse Opera
Vlaamse Opera
in Ghent, Belgium, in the opera's original French-language version and received praise from critics and audiences alike. After a number of performances in Ghent, the production moved to the opera house in Antwerp
Antwerp
for sold-out run of performances. In June 2014, Gilliam followed up on his success with Faust with a new ENO production of another opera by Berlioz, the rarely performed Benvenuto Cellini.[70] Projects in development or shelved[edit] Gilliam has several projects in various states of development, including an adaptation of Neil Gaiman's and Terry Pratchett's comic fantasy novel Good Omens. Other projects Gilliam has been trying to get off the ground since the 1990s are an adaptation of Charles Dickens's A Tale of Two Cities
A Tale of Two Cities
(starring Mel Gibson); an adaptation of Mark Twain's A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur's Court, which has been adapted as movies several times before; and a script entitled The Defective Detective, which Gilliam wrote with Richard LaGravenese
Richard LaGravenese
(who wrote The Fisher King). While promoting the US theatrical release of The Zero Theorem, Gilliam revealed he and LaGravenese were meeting to see if The Defective Detective script could be made into a miniseries. If this comes together, it would be the first time Gilliam has ever directed for television.[71] Stanley Kubrick
Stanley Kubrick
had Gilliam in mind to direct a sequel to Dr. Strangelove.[72] It was rumoured that Gilliam may direct or be involved in the production of the animated band Gorillaz' movie. In a September 2006 interview with Uncut, Damon Albarn
Damon Albarn
was reported to have said, "we're making a film. We've got Terry Gilliam
Terry Gilliam
involved."[73] However, in a more recent interview with Gorillaz-Unofficial, Jamie Hewlett, the co-creator of the band, stated that since the time of the previous interview, Damon's and his own interest in the film had lessened. In an August 2008 Observer interview, Gorillaz
Gorillaz
band members Albarn and Hewlett revealed the nature and title of the project, Journey to the West, a movie adaptation of the opera of the same name, based on a 16th-century Chinese adventure story also known as Monkey.[74] In January 2008, while on set of The Imaginarium of Doctor Parnassus, Gilliam stated that he was looking forward to the project, "But I'm still waiting to see a script!"[48] Future projects[edit] After regaining the rights to the screenplay of The Man Who Killed Don Quixote, Gilliam restarted preproduction in 2008, with Johnny Depp still attached to the project.[75] The film was to be reshot completely, with Rochefort's role recast. Michael Palin
Michael Palin
reportedly entered into talks with Gilliam about stepping in for Rochefort and playing Don Quixote.[76] However, Gilliam revealed on the Canadian talk show The Hour on 17 December 2009 that Robert Duvall
Robert Duvall
had been cast to play Quixote, before the film was postponed once again.[77] In January 2014, Gilliam wrote on Facebook that "Dreams of Don Quixote have begun again".[78] At the Cannes Film Festival in 2016, it was confirmed that The Man Who Killed Don Quixote
The Man Who Killed Don Quixote
was going to be made, with Michael Palin
Michael Palin
and Adam Driver in starring roles.[79] In March 2017, filming finally began, with Driver and Jonathan Pryce starring.[80] On 4 June 2017, Gilliam announced that the shooting of the film was complete.[81] On 16 December 2010, Variety reported that Gilliam was to "godfather" a film called 1884, described as an animated steampunk parody of George Orwell's Nineteen Eighty-Four, with several former Pythons lending their voices to the project; Gilliam was to be credited as "creative advisor".[82] During the second half of 2011, Gilliam and Paul Auster
Paul Auster
wrote a screenplay for a film adaptation of Auster's novel Mr. Vertigo.[83][84] He is in talks to make his first animated feature film with Laika, the studio behind Coraline and ParaNorman.[85] In October 2015, in a webchat hosted by The Guardian, Gilliam announced that he was working on "a TV series based on Time Bandits" and "another based on a script by Richard LaGravanese and I wrote after Fisher King, called The Defective Detective."[86] Charitable activities[edit] Gilliam has been involved with a number of charitable and humanitarian causes. In 2009, he became a board member of Videre Est Credere (Latin for "to see is to believe"), a UK human rights charity.[87] Videre describes itself as giving "local activists the equipment, training and support needed to safely capture compelling video evidence of human rights violations. This captured footage is verified, analysed and then distributed to those who can create change."[88] He participates alongside the movie producer Uri Fruchtmann, the music producer Brian Eno
Brian Eno
and the executive director of Greenpeace UK, John Sauven. Personal life[edit] Gilliam has been married to the British makeup and costume designer Maggie Weston since 1973. She worked on Monty Python's Flying Circus, many of the Python movies, and Gilliam's movies up to The Adventures of Baron Munchausen. They have three children, Amy Rainbow Gilliam (born 1978), Holly Dubois Gilliam (born in October 1980), and Harry Thunder Gilliam (born on 3 April 1988), who have also appeared in or worked on several of his films. In 1968, Gilliam obtained British citizenship. He held dual American and British citizenship for the next 38 years, until he renounced his American citizenship in January 2006.[89] In an interview with Der Tagesspiegel,[90] he described the action as a protest against then-President George W. Bush, and in an earlier interview with The A.V. Club, he also indicated that it was related to concerns about future tax liability for his wife and children.[91][92] As a result of renouncing his citizenship, Gilliam is permitted to spend 30 days each year in the US over the next ten years, "less than any European".[90] He maintains a residence in Italy near the Umbria- Tuscany
Tuscany
border. He has been instrumental in establishing the annual Umbria
Umbria
Film Festival,[93] held in the nearby town of Montone. Gilliam also resides in Highgate, London.[94] On September 8, 2015, Variety mistakenly published a false obituary claiming that Gilliam died.[95][96] Filmography[edit] Main article: Terry Gilliam
Terry Gilliam
filmography As director:

Monty Python
Monty Python
and the Holy Grail (1975, co-directed with Terry Jones) Jabberwocky (1977) Time Bandits
Time Bandits
(1981) Brazil (1985) The Adventures of Baron Munchausen
The Adventures of Baron Munchausen
(1988) The Fisher King
The Fisher King
(1991) 12 Monkeys
12 Monkeys
(1995) Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas (1998) The Brothers Grimm (2005) Tideland (2005) The Imaginarium of Doctor Parnassus
The Imaginarium of Doctor Parnassus
(2009) The Zero Theorem
The Zero Theorem
(2013) The Man Who Killed Don Quixote
The Man Who Killed Don Quixote
(2018)

Awards, nominations and honours[edit]

Time Bandits
Time Bandits
(1981)

5 Saturn Awards
Saturn Awards
nominations Best International Film, Best Director, Best Writing, Best Supporting Actor (Craig Warnock), Best Special Effects

Brazil (1985)

2 Academy Awards
Academy Awards
nominations Best Original Screenplay, Best Art Direction-Set Decoration 3 Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Film Critics Association Best Film, director, and Screenplay 2 BAFTA Awards
BAFTA Awards
Best Production Design, Best Special
Special
Visual Effects

The Adventures of Baron Munchausen
The Adventures of Baron Munchausen
(1988)

4 Academy Awards
Academy Awards
nominations Best Set Decoration, Best Costume Design, Best Visual Effects, Best Makeup 3 BAFTA Awards
BAFTA Awards
Best Costume Design, Best Make Up Artist, Best Production Design, 1 BAFTA Award nomination Best Special
Special
Effects 3 Silver Ribbons awarded by the Italian National Syndicate of Film Journalists Best Cinematography, Best Costume Design, Best Production Design 4 Saturn Awards
Saturn Awards
nominations Best Fantasy
Fantasy
Film, Best Costumes, Best Make-Up, Best Special
Special
Effects Hugo Award
Hugo Award
nomination for Best Dramatic Presentation

The Fisher King
The Fisher King
(1991)

Academy Award
Academy Award
Best Actress in a Supporting Role (Mercedes Ruehl) 4 Academy Awards
Academy Awards
nominations Best Actor in a Leading Role (Robin Williams), Best Art Direction-Set Decoration, Best Music, Original Score, Best Writing, Screenplay Written Directly for the Screen 2 Golden Globes
Golden Globes
Best Performance by an Actor in a Motion Picture – Comedy/Musical (Robin Williams), Best Performance by an Actress in a Supporting Role in a Motion Picture (Mercedes Ruehl) 3 Golden Globes
Golden Globes
nominations Best Motion Picture, Best Director, Best Performance by an Actor in a Motion Picture (Jeff Bridges) 2 BAFTA Awards
BAFTA Awards
nominations Best Actress in a Supporting Role (Amanda Plummer), Best Screenplay-Original Saturn Award
Saturn Award
Best Supporting Actress (Mercedes Ruehl) 6 Saturn Awards
Saturn Awards
nominations Best Fantasy
Fantasy
Film, Best Director, Best Actor (Robin Williams), Best Actor (Jeff Bridges), Best Writing, Best Costumes Venice Film Festival
Venice Film Festival
Silver Lion Winner Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Film Critics Association Best Actress (Mercedes Ruehl) 4 Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Film Critics Association nominations Best Picture, Best Director, Best Supporting Actress (Amanda Plummer), Best Screenplay Toronto International Film Festival
Toronto International Film Festival
People's Choice Award Winner

12 Monkeys
12 Monkeys
(1995)

2 Academy Awards
Academy Awards
nominations Best Actor in a Supporting Role (Brad Pitt), Best Costume Design Golden Globe
Golden Globe
Best Performance by an Actor in a Supporting Role in a Motion Picture (Brad Pitt) 3 Saturn Awards
Saturn Awards
Best Science Fiction Film, Best Supporting Actor (Brad Pitt), Best Costumes 4 Saturn Awards
Saturn Awards
nominations Best Director, Best Actor (Bruce Willis), Best Actress (Madeleine Stowe), Best Writing Empire Award Best Director

Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas (1998)

Cannes Film Festival Official Selection[97]

The Brothers Grimm (2005)

Venice Film Festival
Venice Film Festival
Official Selection

Tideland (2005)

Saturn Award
Saturn Award
nomination Best Performance by a Younger Actor (Jodelle Ferland) San Sebastian Festival Winner of the FIPRESCI Prize[98]

The Imaginarium of Doctor Parnassus
The Imaginarium of Doctor Parnassus
(2009)

2 Academy Awards
Academy Awards
nominations Best Costume Design, Best Art Direction 2 BAFTA Awards
BAFTA Awards
nominations Best Production Design, Best Make Up & Hair 2 Saturn Awards
Saturn Awards
nominations Best International Film, Best Make-Up 2 Empire Awards nominations Best British Film, Best Sci-Fi/Fantasy Best Fantasy
Fantasy
Film nomination by the Costume Designers Guild of America British Independent Film Awards
British Independent Film Awards
nomination for Best Achievement in Production International Press Academy Satellite Award Best Costume Design, 3 more nominations for Best Visual Effects, Best Art Direction & Production Design, Best Original Song Voted Best Fantasy
Fantasy
Film of the Year by readers of the Total Sci-Fi Online magazine.

An asteroid, 9619 Terrygilliam, is named in his honour. Gilliam was given the BAFTA Academy Fellowship Award in 2009 for his contribution to motion picture arts.[99] Gilliam was also given a BAFTA Special
Special
Award in 1969 for the graphics and animations in Monty Python's Flying Circus. Terry Gilliam
Terry Gilliam
awarded the Fellowship of the Kermodes, by film critic Mark Kermode.[100] Gilliam was honoured with the Director with Unique Visual Sensitivity Award at the Camerimage
Camerimage
film festival in Łódź, Poland in 2009.[101] Ordre des Arts et des Lettres

Knight
Knight
(2013)[102]

References[edit]

^ "Terry Gilliam". Desert Island Discs. 15 April 2011. BBC Radio 4. Retrieved 18 January 2014.  ^ " BBC Music
BBC Music
biography". BBC Music. Retrieved 14 September 2015.  ^ The Pythons: Autobiography by the Pythons. New York: St. Martin's Griffin. 2005. ISBN 978-0312311452.  ^ Gilliam, Terry; Sterritt, David; Rhodes, Lucille (April 2004). Terry Gilliam: Interviews. Univ. Press of Mississippi. p. 67. ISBN 978-1-57806-624-7. Retrieved 7 October 2010. Mad comics inspired everything we ever did. (p. 67)  ^ " Terry Gilliam
Terry Gilliam
'62 Honored by British Film Academy". Oxy. Occidental College. 9 February 2009.  ^ a b c " Salman Rushdie
Salman Rushdie
Talks with Terry Gilliam". The Believer. March 2003. ^ a b "Terry Gilliam". lambiek.net.  ^ Dreams: Terry Gilliam
Terry Gilliam
Books. Dreams: The Terry Gilliam
Terry Gilliam
Fanzine. ^ Cate, Hans ten (1996) "Animations of Mortality:" Terry Gilliam's New Interactive CD-ROM Game. Monty Python's Daily Llama. 16 January 1996. ^ a b Sterrit, David; Rhodes, Lucille (2004). Terry Gilliam: Interviews, University Press of Mississippi. ^ "Enteractive, Inc." MobyGames.com. ^ Matthews, Jack (1996). Dreaming Brazil. Essay accompanying the Criterion Collection DVD. ^ Pirie, Chris (2002). "Gilliam the Snake Charmer". Imagine Magazine (backed up on Dreams by Phil Stubbs, used with permission. ^ Terry Gilliam
Terry Gilliam
on YouTube. Uploaded by RoundhouseTV. ^ Stubbs, Phil (2008). " Charles McKeown on writing the Dr Parnassus script". Dreams. ^ "The clash between the baroque and the Newtonian view of the world is my message in a bottle." "Dreams: The Adventures of Baron Munchausen". ^ a b "In [Max] Weber's view, the technological world of modernity tries to eliminate any need for magic, fantasy, or any irrational forces. Gilliam presents this idea of change 'from without' through certain aspects of his mise-en-scene." Hamel, Keith James. "Modernity and Mise-en-Scene: Terry Gilliam
Terry Gilliam
and Brazil". Images: Journal of Film and Popular Culture, issue 6. ^ Blog, Chaz's. "The Brothers Grimm Review". Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved 1 June 2011.  ^ Stubbs, Phil (2011). Dreams: Nicola Pecorini on The Wholly Family. Dreams: The Terry Gilliam
Terry Gilliam
Fanzine. ^ Stubbs, Phil: " Terry Gilliam
Terry Gilliam
Talks Tideland." Dreams. ^ Bianculli, David (2009). "Gilliam's 'Imaginarium': Surreal and All-Too-Real". 21-minute streaming radio interview (quote from the host's question and Gilliam's answer at running times 16:23–18:34). Fresh Air. National Public Radio. 22 December 2009. ^ Sheehan, Henry (2006). "A Shot to Remember: Terry Gilliam
Terry Gilliam
on Brazil's Rescue Scene". DGA Quarterly. Fall 2006. Archived 3 July 2007 at the Wayback Machine. ^ Shell, Theresa (2009). "Exclusive! Nicola Picorini, Director of Photography, Talks to Dr. Parnassus Support Site About the Film, Heath Ledger & Terry Gilliam". ^ "Box Office Mojo". Box Office Mojo. 20 June 1989. Retrieved 1 June 2011.  ^ Berra, John (2008). Declarations of Independence: American Cinema and the Partiality of Independent Production. Intellect Books. pp. 60–1. ISBN 978-1-84150-185-7. Retrieved 7 October 2010.  ^ Ebert, Roger (November 2005). Roger Ebert's Movie Yearbook 2006. Andrews McMeel Publishing. pp. 400–1. ISBN 978-0-7407-5538-5. Retrieved 7 October 2010.  ^ "Dreams: The Man Who Killed Don Quixote". Smart.co.uk. Retrieved 1 June 2011.  ^ Haen, Theo d'; Dhondt, Reindert (5 May 2009). International Don Quixote. Rodopi. p. 254. ISBN 978-90-420-2583-7. Retrieved 7 October 2010.  ^ Alica-Azania Jarvis (4 August 2008). "Pandora: Don Quixote
Don Quixote
Rides Again, Says Delighted Gilliam". The Independent. UK. Archived from the original on 19 August 2008. Retrieved 4 August 2008.  ^ Cain, Sian (14 April 2016). "Good Omens: Neil Gaiman
Neil Gaiman
to adapt Terry Pratchett collaboration for TV". Retrieved 3 July 2017 – via The Guardian.  ^ " Neil Gaiman
Neil Gaiman
- FAQs - Books, Short Stories, and Films". www.neilgaiman.com. Retrieved 3 July 2017.  ^ "Terry Gilliam".  ^ IMDb: Biography for Terry Gilliam. Retrieved 22 April 2007. ^ " Terry Gilliam
Terry Gilliam
Bitter About Potter". Wizardnews.com. 29 August 2005. Retrieved 1 June 2011.  ^ " Terry Gilliam
Terry Gilliam
Tilts at Hollywood Yet Again". MTV. Retrieved 21 October 2011.  ^ "Gilliam Vows Never to Direct Harry Potter". Contactmusic.com. Retrieved 1 June 2011.  ^ "Review: Harry Potter
Harry Potter
and the Deathly Hallows – Part One". The Scotsman. Retrieved 12 April 2011.  ^ "Review: Harry Potter
Harry Potter
and the Deathly Hallows Part 1 Review". We Got This Covered (Movies). Retrieved 12 April 2011.  ^ "'The Secret Tournament' – the Nike World Cup 2002 Advert". BBC. 24 July 2002. Retrieved 1 June 2011.  ^ Adler, Shawn (15 November 2007). "Ledger a Big Joker When It Comes to New Gilliam Film". MTV. Retrieved 30 December 2007.  ^ "Dreams: The Imaginarium of Dr Parnassus, a Terry Gilliam
Terry Gilliam
Film". Smart.co.uk. 25 January 2008. Retrieved 1 June 2011.  ^ Stubbs, Phil. "The Imaginarium of Dr Parnassus". Dreams. Retrieved 10 October 2007.  ^ "Gilliam, Ledger Reteam for Film". Variety. 31 October 2007. Retrieved 30 December 2007.  ^ Dawtrey, Adam (23 January 2008). "'Parnassus' Team Faces Dilemma". Variety. Retrieved 23 January 2008.  ^ Kilpatrick, Christine (24 January 2008). "Production Suspended on Heath Ledger's Latest Movie". People. Retrieved 24 January 2008.  ^ "Moriarty" (15 February 2008). "AICN Exclusive! We Know Who's Paying Tribute to Heath Ledger
Heath Ledger
in Dr. Parnassus Now!". Ain't It Cool News. Retrieved 17 February 2008. ...we're going to see Heath Ledger's work in Terry Gilliam's new film, and that we're also going to see three very interesting actors step up to offer interpretations of him...now we've got the names verified... Johnny Depp. ... Jude Law. ... Colin Farrell.  ^ Shawn Adler (15 February 2008). "Heath Ledger's Final Film to Go Forward – With Johnny Depp, Jude Law, Colin Farrell
Colin Farrell
in His Role". MTV. Archived from the original on 11 May 2011. Retrieved 15 February 2008. Report: The three actors have signed on to complete film. ... Heath Ledger
Heath Ledger
died last month at the age of 28, but his final performance will live on – thanks to a little creativity and some famous friends. ... Johnny Depp, Jude Law
Jude Law
and Colin Farrell
Colin Farrell
have all signed on to film scenes as Ledger's character in Terry Gilliam's 'The Imaginarium of Doctor Parnassus,' a magical re-telling of the Faust story, according to Aintitcoolnews.com. The announcement serves as a tribute to the man many have called one of the best actors of his generation.  ^ a b "Dreams: 2008 News Blog". Smart.co.uk. 10 March 2008. Retrieved 1 June 2011.  ^ ParnassusFilm. "Parnassus Film (ParnassusFilm) on Twitter". Twitter.com. Retrieved 1 June 2011.  ^ "Dreams: 2009 News Blog". Smart.co.uk. Retrieved 1 June 2011.  ^ Hart, Hugh (7 January 2010). "How Terry Gilliam
Terry Gilliam
Weathered Loss of Heath Ledger
Heath Ledger
to Finish Fanciful Imaginarium". Wired. Retrieved 28 January 2010.  ^ Salter, Jessica (18 August 2008). "Heath Ledger's Daughter Given Wages of Stars in Terry Gilliam's Dr. Parnassus". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 18 August 2008.  ^ Lyman, Eric. J. (2012)"Terry Gilliam: 'Don Quixote' Postponed Again, but Bucharest
Bucharest
Calls (Q&A)". Hollywood Reporter. 7 July 2012. ^ McGarry, Lisa (2012). "Britain’s Got Talent: David Walliams
David Walliams
Lands Role in New Johnny Depp
Johnny Depp
Flick as Amanda Holden Says 'He Can Be Dark'" Archived 16 July 2012 at the Wayback Machine.. Unreality TV. 10 July 2012. ^ Connelly, Brendon (2012). " Johnny Depp
Johnny Depp
Teaming Up with Wes Anderson for the Grand Budapest Hotel". Bleeding Cool. 16 July 2012. ^ Ciuverca, Florentina (2012). " Terry Gilliam
Terry Gilliam
a ales România pentru noul său film". Filmreporter.ro. 17 July 2012. Translation of the first paragraph by Google Translate: "One of the most celebrated contemporary directors, Terry Gilliam, plans to shoot next production in Romania, according to U.S. media. Sources confirm to Filmreporter.ro that shooting could occur in MediaPro Studios located in Buftea in the coming months." ^ Billington, Alex (2012). "Terry Gilliam's Latest Existential Head Trip Will Star Christoph Waltz". Firstshowing.net. 13 August 2012. ^ White, James (2012). "Waltz Figures Out the Zero Theorem: Terry Gilliam's Latest!". Empire. 13 August 2012. ^ Eisenberg, Eric (2012). " Christoph Waltz
Christoph Waltz
to Star in Terry Gilliam's Zero Theorem". Cinema Blend. 13 August 2012. ^ Fleming, Mike (2012). "Update: Toronto: Terry Gilliam
Terry Gilliam
Confirms Christoph Waltz
Christoph Waltz
for ‘Zero Theorem’". 14 August 2012. ^ Serafino, Jason (2012). " Christoph Waltz
Christoph Waltz
Signs On for Terry Gilliam’s 'Zero Theorem'". Complex. 14 August 2012. ^ Schafer, Sandy (2012). " Terry Gilliam
Terry Gilliam
Is Making ‘The Zero Theorem’ with Christoph Waltz", screenrant.com. 14 August 2012. ^ Brown, Todd (2012)." Terry Gilliam
Terry Gilliam
Resurrects the Zero Theorem with Christoph Waltz" Archived 15 August 2012 at the Wayback Machine.. Twitch Film. 14 August 2012. ^ Jagernauth, Kevin (14 July 2013). " Terry Gilliam
Terry Gilliam
Says 'The Zero Theorem' Headed to Venice Film Festival; Jessica Chastain's 'Eleanor Rigby' Also Rumored". blogs.indiewire.com. Retrieved 15 July 2013.  ^ "2 September". www.labiennale.org. Venice Film Festival. Archived from the original on 16 October 2015. Retrieved 16 August 2013.  ^ "The Damnation of Faust". ENO. Archived from the original on 11 October 2010. Retrieved 23 October 2010.  ^ Christiansen, Rupert (9 May 2011). "Terry Gilliam's First Opera Is a Damned Fine Glimpse of the Abyss". The Daily Telegraph. London. Retrieved 10 May 2011.  ^ Clements, Andrew (7 May 2011). "The Damnation of Faust – Review". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 10 May 2011.  ^ Duchen, Jessica (9 May 2011). "The Damnation of Faust, English National Opera". The Independent. London. Retrieved 10 May 2011.  ^ Opera on 3 – Berlioz's Benvenuto Cellini. BBC Radio 3
BBC Radio 3
broadcast, 30 June 2014. ^ "Batman's Become a Religion and More from the Zero Theorem's Terry Gilliam". cinemablend.com.  ^ Brown, Todd (12 October 2013). " Stanley Kubrick
Stanley Kubrick
Wanted Terry Gilliam to Direct Son of Stragelove". Twitch Film. Archived from the original on 13 October 2013. Retrieved 13 October 2013.  ^ Williamson, Nigel (2006). "West London Calling". Uncut. Retrieved 11 October 2006.  ^ Monkey
Monkey
magic, The Observer, 10 August 2008 ^ Alica-Azania Jarvis (4 August 2008). "Pandora: Don Quixote
Don Quixote
rides again, says delighted Gilliam". The Independent. UK. Archived from the original on 19 August 2008. Retrieved 4 August 2008.  ^ "Monty Python – Palin to Act Alongside Depp?". Contact Music. 26 May 2008. Retrieved 25 July 2008.  ^ "Episode 61 – The Hour". CBC News.  ^ " Terry Gilliam
Terry Gilliam
– Timeline Photos – Facebook". facebook.com.  ^ Skinner, Craig (2016). Exclusive: Terry Gilliam’s The Man Who Killed Don Quixote
Don Quixote
to Star Adam Driver and Michael Palin; New Concept Art Uncovered. Flickreel.com. 11 May 2016. ^ Lapin, Andrew (March 9, 2017). " Terry Gilliam
Terry Gilliam
Has Begun Shooting 'The Man Who Killed Don Quixote,' For Real This Time". IndieWire.  ^ "Sorry for the long silence". 4 June 2017. Retrieved 4 June 2017.  ^ Hopewell, John; Keslassy, Elsa (2010). "Gilliam to Godfather '1884': Tim Ollive to Helm Retro Sci-Fi Fantasy". Variety. 16 December 2010. ^ Fischer, Russ (2011). " Terry Gilliam
Terry Gilliam
Crafting a Script Based on Paul Auster Novel ‘Mr. Vertigo’'" Slashfilm.com. 28 July 2011 ^ Connelly, Brendon (2011)." Paul Auster
Paul Auster
Has Co-Written the Mr. Vertigo Screenplay with Terry Gilliam". Bleeding Cool. 19 August 2011. ^ Lambie, Ryan (14 July 2014). "Laika Chasing Terry Gilliam
Terry Gilliam
for an Animated Film". Den of Geek. Retrieved 14 July 2014.  ^ " Terry Gilliam
Terry Gilliam
Webchat – As It Happened". The Guardian.  ^ UK Charity Commission, UK Charity Commission Report on Videre, UK Charity Commission, 23 July 2013 ^ Videre Website. Videre Est Credere. 23 July 2013. ^ " Terry Gilliam
Terry Gilliam
Sounds Off" Archived 27 May 2008 at the Wayback Machine.. ShowBuzz. CBS News. 6 October 2006. ^ a b (10 February 2006). Kopflos am Potsdamer Platz. tagesspiegel (in German). Retrieved 28 April 2014. ^ Robinson, Tasha. "AV Club Interview". Avclub.com. Archived from the original on 21 September 2008. Retrieved 1 June 2011.  ^ Gross, David M. (2014). 99 Tactics of Successful Tax Resistance Campaigns. Picket Line Press. p. 86. ISBN 978-1490572741.  ^ " Umbria
Umbria
Film Festival web site". Umbriafilmfestival.com. Retrieved 1 June 2011. [permanent dead link] ^ "My latest is a disaster movie". The Guardian. 4 February 2001. Retrieved 30 March 2017.  ^ Child, Ben (9 September 2015). " Terry Gilliam
Terry Gilliam
laughs off Variety's dead Python blunder". The Guardian. Retrieved 9 February 2017.  ^ J. Freedom du Lac (9 September 2015). "Monty Python's Terry Gilliam has not died. (But if he did, it was Variety's fault.)". The Washington Post. Retrieved 9 February 2017.  ^ "Festival de Cannes: Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas". festival-cannes.com. Retrieved 29 September 2009.  ^ "2005 FIPRESCI". Fipresci.org. Archived from the original on 5 June 2011. Retrieved 1 June 2011.  ^ "Film Winners in 2009". bafta.org. Archived from the original on 3 February 2009. Retrieved 8 February 2009.  ^ "BBC – The Culture Show: The Kermodes 2009: For the Record". BBC. Retrieved 23 February 2009.  ^ Terry Gilliam
Terry Gilliam
Presents Dr. P and Receives Honor At Plus Camerimage Fest In Lodz Poland 11/29, The Imaginarium of Doctor Parnassus
The Imaginarium of Doctor Parnassus
Support site, Saturday, 28 November 2009 ^ http://www.ambafrance-uk.org/IMG/pdf/Amba_S_3_13112013.pdf

Further reading[edit]

Gilliam, Terry; Thompson, Ben (2015). Gilliamesque. Harper Design. ISBN 978-0-06-238074-6.  Gilliam, Terry; Sterritt, David; Rhodes, Lucille (April 2004). Terry Gilliam: interviews. Univ. Press of Mississippi. ISBN 978-1-57806-624-7. Retrieved 7 October 2010.  Gilliam, Terry; Christie, Ian (1999). Gilliam on Gilliam. Faber and Faber. ISBN 978-0-571-20280-5. Retrieved 7 October 2010.  McCabe, Bob; Gilliam, Terry (30 September 1999). Dark Knights And Holy Fools: The Art And Films of Terry Gilliam. Diane Pub Co. ISBN 978-0-7567-9080-6. Retrieved 7 October 2010.  Wilmut, Roger (1980). From fringe to flying circus: celebrating a unique generation of comedy, 1960–1980. Eyre Methuen. ISBN 978-0-413-46950-2. Retrieved 7 October 2010. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Terry Gilliam.

Terry Gilliam's Official Website Terry Gilliam
Terry Gilliam
on IMDb Dreams: The Terry Gilliam
Terry Gilliam
Fanzine

v t e

Films directed by Terry Gilliam

Feature films

Monty Python
Monty Python
and the Holy Grail (1975) Jabberwocky (1977) Time Bandits
Time Bandits
(1981) Brazil (1985) The Adventures of Baron Munchausen
The Adventures of Baron Munchausen
(1988) The Fisher King
The Fisher King
(1991) 12 Monkeys
12 Monkeys
(1995) Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas (1998) The Brothers Grimm (2005) Tideland (2005) The Imaginarium of Doctor Parnassus
The Imaginarium of Doctor Parnassus
(2009) The Zero Theorem
The Zero Theorem
(2013) The Man Who Killed Don Quixote
The Man Who Killed Don Quixote
(2018)

Short films

Story Time (1968) Miracle of Flight
Miracle of Flight
(1974) The Crimson Permanent Assurance (1983) The Legend of Hallowdega
The Legend of Hallowdega
(2010) The Wholly Family
The Wholly Family
(2011)

Other

Filmography Lost in La Mancha Getting Gilliam

v t e

Monty Python

Graham Chapman John Cleese Terry Gilliam Eric Idle Terry Jones Michael Palin

Carol Cleveland Neil Innes

Television series

Flying Circus

episodes

Fliegender Zirkus Personal Best

Films

And Now for Something Completely Different Holy Grail Life of Brian Live at the Hollywood Bowl The Meaning of Life

The Crimson Permanent Assurance

Studio albums

Another Record Previous Record Matching Tie and Handkerchief Holy Grail Life of Brian Contractual Obligation The Meaning of Life

Compilation albums

Instant Record Collection Final Rip Off Sings Ultimate Rip Off Instant CD Collection Total Rubbish

Live albums

Flying Circus Live at Drury Lane Live at City Center

Specials

Parrot Sketch Not Included Live at Aspen Python Night

Documentaries

The Pythons Life of Python Almost the Truth (Lawyers Cut) And Now for Something Rather Similar The Meaning of Live

Stage productions

Spamalot Not the Messiah (He's a Very Naughty Boy) An Evening Without Monty Python Live (Mostly)

Literature

Big Red Book Brand New Bok Holy Grail (Book) Life of Brian/SCRAPBOOK The Meaning of Life Just the Words Song Book A Pocketful of Python The Pythons Autobiography Live!

Video games

Flying Circus Complete Waste of Time Quest for the Holy Grail The Meaning of Life Cow Tossing

Characters

Mr Praline Gumbys The Colonel Mr Creosote Rabbit of Caerbannog Ron Obvious Other characters

Sketches

Albatross! Anne Elk's Theory on Brontosauruses Architects Argument Clinic Bishop Bruces Cheese Shop Colin "Bomber" Harris vs Colin "Bomber" Harris Crunchy Frog Dead Parrot Dirty Fork Dirty Hungarian Phrasebook Election Night Special Fish Licence Fish-Slapping Dance Four Yorkshiremen The Funniest Joke in the World How Not to Be Seen Kilimanjaro Expedition Lifeboat Marriage Guidance Counsellor Ministry of Silly Walks Mouse Problem Nudge Nudge Patient Abuse Philosophers' Football Match Piranha Brothers Sam Peckinpah's "Salad Days" Seduced Milkmen Self Defence Against Fresh Fruit Spam Spanish Inquisition Undertakers Upper Class Twit of the Year Vocational Guidance Counsellor World Forum/Communist Quiz

Songs

"Always Look on the Bright Side of Life" "Brian Song" "Bruces' Philosophers Song" "Decomposing Composers" "Eric the Half-a-Bee" "Every Sperm Is Sacred" "Finland" "Galaxy Song" "I Bet You They Won't Play This Song on the Radio" "I Like Chinese" "I've Got Two Legs" "The Lumberjack Song" "Medical Love Song" "Never Be Rude to an Arab" "Oliver Cromwell" "Sit on My Face"

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Filmography Cambridge Circus I'm Sorry, I'll Read That Again The Frost Report At Last the 1948 Show Twice a Fortnight Do Not Adjust Your Set We Have Ways of Making You Laugh How to Irritate People The Complete and Utter History of Britain Teach Yourself Heath Tiny Black Round Thing Bert Fegg's Nasty Book for Boys and Girls Rutland Weekend Television Fawlty Towers Ripping Yarns Out of the Trees The Secret Policeman's Ball Python On Song All You Need Is Cash The Hastily Cobbled Together for a Fast Buck Album Monty Python
Monty Python
Live Concert for George Diaries 1969–1979: The Python Years The Seventh Python Holy Flying Circus A Liar's Autobiography: The Untrue Story of Monty Python's Graham Chapman

Awards for Terry Gilliam

v t e

Silver Lion for Best Director

1990-2000

Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(1990) Emir Kusturica
Emir Kusturica
(1998) Zhang Yuan (1999) Buddhadeb Dasgupta (2000)

2001-2010

Babak Payami (2001) Lee Chang-dong
Lee Chang-dong
(2002) Takeshi Kitano
Takeshi Kitano
(2003) Kim Ki-duk
Kim Ki-duk
(2004) Philippe Garrel
Philippe Garrel
(2005) Alain Resnais (2006) Brian De Palma
Brian De Palma
(2007) Aleksei German Jr.
Aleksei German Jr.
(2008) Shirin Neshat
Shirin Neshat
(2009) Álex de la Iglesia
Álex de la Iglesia
(2010)

2011-2020

Cai Shangjun
Cai Shangjun
(2011) Paul Thomas Anderson
Paul Thomas Anderson
(2012) Alexandros Avranas (2013) Andrei Konchalovsky
Andrei Konchalovsky
(2014) Pablo Trapero
Pablo Trapero
(2015) Amat Escalante
Amat Escalante
/ Andrei Konchalovsky
Andrei Konchalovsky
(2016) Xavier Legrand (2017)

v t e

BAFTA Fellowship recipients

1971–2000

Alfred Hitchcock
Alfred Hitchcock
(1971) Freddie Young (1972) Grace Wyndham Goldie (1973) David Lean
David Lean
(1974) Jacques Cousteau
Jacques Cousteau
(1975) Charlie Chaplin
Charlie Chaplin
(1976) Laurence Olivier
Laurence Olivier
(1976) Denis Forman (1977) Fred Zinnemann
Fred Zinnemann
(1978) Lew Grade
Lew Grade
(1979) Huw Wheldon
Huw Wheldon
(1979) David Attenborough
David Attenborough
(1980) John Huston
John Huston
(1980) Abel Gance
Abel Gance
(1981) Michael Powell
Michael Powell
& Emeric Pressburger
Emeric Pressburger
(1981) Andrzej Wajda
Andrzej Wajda
(1982) Richard Attenborough
Richard Attenborough
(1983) Hugh Greene (1984) Sam Spiegel
Sam Spiegel
(1984) Jeremy Isaacs (1985) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1986) Federico Fellini
Federico Fellini
(1987) Ingmar Bergman
Ingmar Bergman
(1988) Alec Guinness
Alec Guinness
(1989) Paul Fox (1990) Louis Malle
Louis Malle
(1991) John Gielgud
John Gielgud
(1992) David Plowright (1992) Sydney Samuelson (1993) Colin Young (1993) Michael Grade
Michael Grade
(1994) Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
(1995) Jeanne Moreau
Jeanne Moreau
(1996) Ronald Neame
Ronald Neame
(1996) John Schlesinger
John Schlesinger
(1996) Maggie Smith
Maggie Smith
(1996) Woody Allen
Woody Allen
(1997) Steven Bochco
Steven Bochco
(1997) Julie Christie
Julie Christie
(1997) Oswald Morris (1997) Harold Pinter
Harold Pinter
(1997) David Rose (1997) Sean Connery
Sean Connery
(1998) Bill Cotton
Bill Cotton
(1998) Eric Morecambe
Eric Morecambe
& Ernie Wise
Ernie Wise
(1999) Elizabeth Taylor
Elizabeth Taylor
(1999) Michael Caine
Michael Caine
(2000) Stanley Kubrick
Stanley Kubrick
(2000) Peter Bazalgette
Peter Bazalgette
(2000)

2001–present

Albert Finney
Albert Finney
(2001) John Thaw
John Thaw
(2001) Judi Dench
Judi Dench
(2001) Warren Beatty
Warren Beatty
(2002) Merchant Ivory Productions (2002) Andrew Davies (2002) John Mills
John Mills
(2002) Saul Zaentz
Saul Zaentz
(2003) David Jason (2003) John Boorman
John Boorman
(2004) Roger Graef (2004) John Barry (2005) David Frost
David Frost
(2005) David Puttnam
David Puttnam
(2006) Ken Loach
Ken Loach
(2006) Anne V. Coates (2007) Richard Curtis
Richard Curtis
(2007) Will Wright (2007) Anthony Hopkins
Anthony Hopkins
(2008) Bruce Forsyth
Bruce Forsyth
(2008) Dawn French
Dawn French
& Jennifer Saunders
Jennifer Saunders
(2009) Terry Gilliam
Terry Gilliam
(2009) Nolan Bushnell
Nolan Bushnell
(2009) Vanessa Redgrave
Vanessa Redgrave
(2010) Shigeru Miyamoto
Shigeru Miyamoto
(2010) Melvyn Bragg
Melvyn Bragg
(2010) Christopher Lee
Christopher Lee
(2011) Peter Molyneux
Peter Molyneux
(2011) Trevor McDonald (2011) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(2012) Rolf Harris
Rolf Harris
(2012) Alan Parker
Alan Parker
(2013) Gabe Newell
Gabe Newell
(2013) Michael Palin
Michael Palin
(2013) Helen Mirren
Helen Mirren
(2014) Rockstar Games
Rockstar Games
(2014) Julie Walters
Julie Walters
(2014) Mike Leigh
Mike Leigh
(2015) David Braben (2015) Jon Snow (2015) Sidney Poitier
Sidney Poitier
(2016) John Carmack
John Carmack
(2016) Ray Galton & Alan Simpson (2016) Mel Brooks
Mel Brooks
(2017) Joanna Lumley
Joanna Lumley
(2017) Ridley Scott
Ridley Scott
(2018)

v t e

Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Film Critics Association Award for Best Director

Sidney Lumet
Sidney Lumet
(1975) Sidney Lumet
Sidney Lumet
(1976) Herbert Ross (1977) Michael Cimino
Michael Cimino
(1978) Robert Benton (1979) Roman Polanski
Roman Polanski
(1980) Warren Beatty
Warren Beatty
(1981) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1982) James L. Brooks
James L. Brooks
(1983) Miloš Forman
Miloš Forman
(1984) Terry Gilliam
Terry Gilliam
(1985) David Lynch
David Lynch
(1986) John Boorman
John Boorman
(1987) David Cronenberg
David Cronenberg
(1988) Spike Lee
Spike Lee
(1989) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(1990) Barry Levinson
Barry Levinson
(1991) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(1992) Jane Campion
Jane Campion
(1993) Quentin Tarantino
Quentin Tarantino
(1994) Mike Figgis
Mike Figgis
(1995) Mike Leigh
Mike Leigh
(1996) Curtis Hanson
Curtis Hanson
(1997) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1998) Sam Mendes
Sam Mendes
(1999) Steven Soderbergh
Steven Soderbergh
(2000) David Lynch
David Lynch
(2001) Pedro Almodóvar
Pedro Almodóvar
(2002) Peter Jackson
Peter Jackson
(2003) Alexander Payne
Alexander Payne
(2004) Ang Lee
Ang Lee
(2005) Paul Greengrass
Paul Greengrass
(2006) Paul Thomas Anderson
Paul Thomas Anderson
(2007) Danny Boyle
Danny Boyle
(2008) Kathryn Bigelow
Kathryn Bigelow
(2009) Olivier Assayas
Olivier Assayas
/ David Fincher
David Fincher
(2010) Terrence Malick
Terrence Malick
(2011) Paul Thomas Anderson
Paul Thomas Anderson
(2012) Alfonso Cuarón
Alfonso Cuarón
(2013) Richard Linklater
Richard Linklater
(2014) George Miller (2015) Barry Jenkins
Barry Jenkins
(2016) Guillermo del Toro
Guillermo del Toro
/ Luca Guadagnino
Luca Guadagnino
(2017)

v t e

Empire Award for Best Director

Danny Boyle
Danny Boyle
(1996) Terry Gilliam
Terry Gilliam
(1997) Cameron Crowe
Cameron Crowe
(1998) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1999) M. Night Shyamalan
M. Night Shyamalan
(2000) Bryan Singer
Bryan Singer
(2001) Baz Luhrmann
Baz Luhrmann
(2002) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(2003) Quentin Tarantino
Quentin Tarantino
(2004) Sam Raimi
Sam Raimi
(2005) Nick Park
Nick Park
and Steve Box (2006) Christopher Nolan
Christopher Nolan
(2007) David Yates
David Yates
(2008) Christopher Nolan
Christopher Nolan
(2009) James Cameron
James Cameron
(2010) Edgar Wright
Edgar Wright
(2011) David Yates
David Yates
(2012) Sam Mendes
Sam Mendes
(2013) Alfonso Cuarón
Alfonso Cuarón
(2014) Christopher Nolan
Christopher Nolan
(2015) J. J. Abrams
J. J. Abrams
(2016) Gareth Edwards (2017) Rian Johnson
Rian Johnson
(2018)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 113977764 LCCN: n79076049 ISNI: 0000 0001 2103 9228 GND: 119011077 SELIBR: 247547 SUDOC: 029927021 BNF: cb12050731p (data) ULAN: 500249858 MusicBrainz: 7fc7a75a-fd8e-4c58-9072-7fa1873ceb3a NLA: 35125049 NDL: 00467174 NKC: xx0034085 BNE: XX1275804 RKD: 384

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