TERRELL ELDORADO OWENS (/ˈtɛrəl/ ; born December 7, 1973),
popularly known by his initials, T.O., is a former American football
wide receiver . A six-time
As productive as he has been, Owens has been equally controversial,
creating firestorms with almost every team he has played for as a
professional. Owens played college football and basketball at the
University of Tennessee at Chattanooga , and was selected in the third
round of the
1996 NFL Draft by the
San Francisco 49ers . Owens was
traded to the
Philadelphia Eagles in 2004 after a spat with 49ers
front office members. Two years later, he was released and signed to
another large pact by the
Dallas Cowboys , only to be given his
unconditional release on March 4, 2009. Owens has also played for the
Buffalo Bills and
Cincinnati Bengals in 2009 and 2010, respectively.
He played for the
During his career, Owens attracted significant media attention for his flamboyant touchdown celebrations and public controversies.
* 1 Early life * 2 Family * 3 College career
* 4 Professional career
* 5 Controversy
* 6.1 Celebrations for San Francisco
* 6.2 Celebrations for
* 7 Professional statistics * 8 NFL records and career notables
* 9 Other work
* 9.1 The T.O. Show * 9.2 Time Out with T.O. (Podcast)
* 10 References * 11 External links
Owens was born to LC Russel and Marilyn Heard in Alexander City,
Alabama . He grew up with three other siblings and was raised by his
mother and grandmother. He enjoyed watching football, especially his
On a May 8, 2012 episode of Dr. Phil , three of the four mothers to his children accused Owens of either coming up short in his monthly child support payments or not paying at all. Owens said he was paying some $45,000 per month in child support at one time.
While enrolled at the
University of Tennessee at Chattanooga , Owens
played basketball , football, and ran track . Owens played in the
Because he played his college football at UT-Chattanooga, an FCS school that did not have a winning season during his time there, Owens' visibility to NFL scouts was lessened, and he dropped to the third round of the 1996 NFL Draft , where the San Francisco 49ers drafted him 89th overall. Owens played his first professional game against the New Orleans Saints , where he served as a member of the 49ers' special teams. His first catches were recorded against the Carolina Panthers on September 22, 1996 (two catches for a net six yards). Against the Atlanta Falcons a week later Owens had a 17-yard kick return and one catch for 26 yards. His first touchdown came on October 20 against the Cincinnati Bengals ; in the fourth quarter he caught a 45-yard touchdown throw from Steve Young that tied a game eventually won by the 49ers 28–21.
After the 49ers' top receiver
1998 was another 12–4 season for the 49ers and the first 1,000-yard year for Owens, as he caught 67 balls for 1,097 yards and fourteen touchdowns; he even had a rushing touchdown in October against the Rams . In the Wildcard playoff game, the 49ers faced the Green Bay Packers who had beaten them five straight times, three of them playoff games. Owens struggled, dropping a number of passes as a result of being briefly blinded by late-afternoon sun. Despite this, Steve Young kept throwing to Owens and he redeemed himself by catching the game-winning touchdown (immortalized by the impassioned game call of 49ers radio play-by-play announcer Joe Starkey ) for a 30–27 comeback victory.
In 1999, Owens had 60 catches for 754 yards and four touchdowns.
Young retired after the 1999 season after he was unable to pass
medical tests as a result of a concussion sustained that season, and
Jeff Garcia was named the 49ers' starting quarterback. In 2000, the
49ers only managed to win six games. However, Owens had a
record-breaking day on December 17, 2000 with 20 catches for 283 yards
in a 17-0 49ers win over the
Chicago Bears . The record-breaking 20
receptions surpassed a 50-year-old mark held by
Tom Fears (it has
since been surpassed by
The 2001 49ers managed to compile a 12–4 record but were defeated
by the Packers led by
Steve Mariucci was fired and former Seahawks coach Dennis
Erickson took over. The ensuing season in 2003 proved subpar as the
49ers finished 7–9. It was here that Owens decided to leave. In the
summer of 2004, when Garcia, who had been released in the off-season,
was a member of the Cleveland Browns, and
Although Owens was eager to leave the 49ers, the 49ers asserted that
Owens' previous agent, David Joseph, had missed the deadline to void
the final years of his contract with the team. The NFLPA and Owens
disputed this assertion, contending that the deadline referred to by
the 49ers was not the applicable deadline. On March 4, 2004, San
Francisco, believing it still held Owens' rights, attempted to trade
Owens to the
Before an arbitrator could make a ruling on Owens' grievance, the NFL and the three teams involved in the controversy reached a settlement on March 16, 2004. The Ravens got their second-round pick back from San Francisco, and the 49ers in turn received a conditional fifth-round pick and defensive end Brandon Whiting from the Eagles in exchange for the rights to Owens. Owens' contract with the Eagles was reported to be worth $49 million for seven years, including a $10 million signing bonus.
In September 2004, Owens released a autobiography : Catch This! Going Deep with the NFL's Sharpest Weapon, which he co-wrote with bestselling author Stephen Singular.
Owens (81) with the Eagles talking to a coach.
On December 19, 2004, Owens sustained a severely sprained ankle and a fractured fibula when Dallas Cowboys safety Roy Williams took him down with a horse-collar tackle ; Williams' horse-collars resulted in injuries to several NFL players, and the horse-collar tackle was later prohibited. Owens' injury required surgery, including insertion of a screw into his leg, and Eagles trainer Rick Burkholder stated that he would miss the rest of the season, with only an outside chance of playing in the Super Bowl if the Eagles advanced.
After the Eagles defeated the
Atlanta Falcons in the NFC Championship
game , Owens defied the advice of his doctors and played in Super Bowl
XXXIX . Owens' trainer, James "Buddy" Primm, helped bring Owens back
much sooner with the use of Microcurrent and a hyperbaric chamber .
Owens started in the game and had nine receptions for 122 yards, but
the Eagles lost to the
New England Patriots . After the game, Owens
stated that the media would have called
On April 2005, Owens announced that he had hired a new agent, Drew Rosenhaus , and indicated that he would seek to have his contract with the Eagles renegotiated. Owens made $9 million in 2004 (most of which was bonus money, as his base salary was only $660,000), and was slated to make $4.5 million in 2005. This two-year amount did not place Owens in the top 10 paid wide receivers playing. He also made a comment to the effect that he "wasn't the guy who got tired in the Super Bowl "; the remark, thought by most to be directed at quarterback Donovan McNabb , caused a controversy to heat up between them. Owens has always claimed the remark was not directed towards McNabb, but in regard to his obsessive diet and workout programs. On July 1, Owens' relationship with the Eagles became even more tense after Eagles owner Jeffrey Lurie and club president Joe Banner denied Owens permission to play basketball in a summer league under the auspices of the NBA 's Sacramento Kings .
Owens's contract controversy heated up as training camp drew nearer. Owens, with the negotiating help of Rosenhaus, continued to lobby for a new contract. Owens and Rosenhaus met with Eagles head coach Andy Reid and president Joe Banner, but no agreement was reached (this was in line with the Eagles' policy against contract renegotiations). Owens threatened to hold out of training camp until a deal was reached, but reported to camp on time. When the 2005 football season began, Owens was in the second year of a seven-year, $49 million contract. However, the contract was heavily back-loaded, and while the $49 million figure was routinely touted by the sports media as an example of Owens' greed, the money guaranteed to him was under the annual average for a top-tier wide receiver.
During the season, Owens continued to voice his displeasure. After more remarks about Eagles management and Donovan McNabb , Owens was suspended for four games without pay and then deactivated for the rest of the season. (See Controversy Section .) The next season, Owens was released by the Philadelphia Eagles franchise and eventually signed with the Dallas Cowboys.
Owens in August 2007
On March 14, 2006, the Philadelphia Eagles released Owens. Four days later, on March 18, 2006, Jerry Jones announced that the Dallas Cowboys had signed Owens to a 3-year, $25 million deal, including a $5 million signing bonus, with a $5 million first year salary.
Owens returned to the field during the Cowboys' 2006 season opener
Jacksonville Jaguars . While the game ended in a Jaguars
victory, Owens recorded 8 receptions for 80 yards and one touchdown.
The following week, Owens damaged one of his finger bones, and was
forced to leave the game. It was later determined that Owens would
require surgery to correct the injury, and require anywhere from two
to four weeks to recuperate. Days after Owens promised his fans he
would return to play against the
Philadelphia Eagles , he overdosed on
his medication (see Controversy Section ). After a bye week giving him
time to recuperate, Owens played in the following game against the
The following week, Owens made his highly anticipated return to Philadelphia, where he played his former teammate, Donovan McNabb. Upon his return, Owens was met by a hail of angry jeers and taunts, including chants of "O.D." throughout the game. Despite pregame talk about a weak Eagles secondary, Owens struggled throughout the game. Owens had three catches for 45 yards, while the Cowboys went on to lose, 38–24.
After the game, according to a report from a stadium employee at Lincoln Financial Field , Owens ran into the locker room following the 38–24 loss and launched into a tirade, yelling and asking why the Cowboys bothered signing him in the offseason, indicating that they should have thrown the ball to him more. Owens later confirmed this in a post-practice interview. After the Cowboys defeated the Atlanta Falcons , 38-28, owner Jerry Jones revealed that Owens had injured a tendon on one of his fingers (the same finger that he broke in an unrelated incident a few weeks earlier). The doctors recommended season-ending surgery, but Owens elected to risk permanent damage to his finger and decided to wait until the end of the season to repair the damage. "There's no question about what he's willing to do for his team", Jones said.
Owens led the league in regular season with 13 touchdown receptions. On March 1, 2007, he underwent surgery twice to repair his right ring finger.
In the 2007 season, Owens and the Cowboys began to live up to their
potential. On November 18, Owens set a new career high and tied a
franchise record, with four touchdown catches against the Washington
Redskins . With his touchdown catch against Green Bay on November 29,
Owens became the first player in NFL history with at least one
touchdown catch and six receptions in seven straight games. Also with
this win, the Cowboys clinched a playoff berth for the second
consecutive season, making this the third time Owens would participate
in back-to-back postseasons. Owens was one of the starting wide
receivers to represent the NFC in the
Owens returned for the divisional playoff game against the Giants , where he caught four passes for 49 yards and a touchdown. The Cowboys lost the game, however, 21-17 and Owens broke down crying during the postgame press conference in a now-infamous incident.
In the 2008
The Cowboys released Owens on March 4, 2009. Owens later said that Jerry Jones had assured him that he would be remaining with the team and that he was blindsided by his release.
On March 8, 2009, the Buffalo Bills signed Owens to a 1-year, $6.5 million contract. Owens had his first catch with the Bills when he had a 27-yard play on a 3rd-and-1 in the 25-24 loss to the New England Patriots at Gillette Stadium . With that catch, he passed former Bills receiver Andre Reed on the all-time Top 20 career leaders list for pass receptions. Owens debuted with 2 catches for 45 yards in the game. Owens caught his first touchdown pass with Buffalo in a 33-20 win over the Tampa Bay Buccaneers on September 20, 2009. Owens had his best game with the Bills in a 15-18 loss to the Jacksonville Jaguars. Owens had 9 receptions for 197 yards and a touchdown. Owens and Ryan Fitzpatrick set a Bills record for longest touchdown reception when Fitzpatrick connected with Owens for a 98-yard TD. The 98-yard touchdown reception is Owens' longest touchdown reception. He also became the oldest player to have a touchdown reception of 76+ yards (35 years, 350 days).
Owens (middle) with
On July 27, 2010, Owens signed a one-year contract with the Cincinnati Bengals . It was reportedly worth two million dollars, with another two million dollars possible from bonuses. He joined Carson Palmer and Chad Johnson , both of whom lobbied for the Bengals to sign Owens. He received his customary number, #81, given to him by free-agent acquisition wide receiver Antonio Bryant in exchange for an undisclosed sum of money to be donated to a charity of Bryant's choice.
Against the Cleveland Browns in Week 4, he had a spectacular game with 10 receptions, 222 yards and a touchdown of 78 yards on the day. On December 21, Owens was placed on injured reserve, for the first time in his 15-year career. He still managed to lead all Bengals' receivers (including Ochocinco) with receptions (72), yards (983), and touchdowns (9) for the season. However, the Bengals fell from a 10-6 record the year before Owens joined to a 4-12 record with Owens. The Bengals decided not to re-sign Owens for the 2011 season.
He suffered a torn ACL during the 2011 offseason and underwent surgery in April 2011. According to his agent, he was cleared to play again on October 19. He held a televised workout on October 25, which no NFL teams chose to attend.
On November 2, 2011, the
On May 29, 2012, Owens was released for showing a lack of effort both on and off the field.
On January 13, 2015, in an interview with
On June 28, 2017, Owens played as team captain for Team Owens in the inaugural game for the newly formed American Flag Football League .
CONTROVERSY WITH THE EAGLES
During his weekly
Owens' appearance in the jersey was seen as provocative in the
On November 3, 2005, Hugh Douglas , former
That afternoon, Owens made a number of controversial statements
When asked whether or not he agreed with a comment made by ESPN
Michael Irvin saying that the Eagles would be undefeated if
Coach Reid demanded that Owens make a public apology to McNabb on national TV. An apology was drafted by Owens' agent Drew Rosenhaus , but Owens balked at reading a specific apology to McNabb, and crossed that part of the statement out. The apology he read on TV did not address McNabb directly.
During his weekly news conference the following day, Eagles head coach Andy Reid said that Owens had been suspended for four games—starting with the 17-10 loss to the Washington Redskins on November 6—for conduct detrimental to the team. The four games represented the maximum amount of time that a player could be suspended without pay for such conduct under NFL rules. The Eagles also stated that after his suspension was served, they planned to deactivate Owens for the remainder of the season.
On November 8, Owens and Rosenhaus held a news conference at Owens' Moorestown Township, New Jersey residence. Terrell apologized to the fans, the team, and McNabb specifically. After Owens read his statement, Rosenhaus took questions from reporters, but refused to answer queries about Owens' situation, instead saying "Next question!" thirteen times.
On the grounds that deactivation cannot be used as a means of punishment, the NFLPA and Owens appealed the Eagles punishment to an arbitrator. On November 23, 2005, Terrell Owens' season was effectively ended after arbitrator Richard Bloch ruled that the Eagles were justified in suspending him for four games and that they did not have to activate him after the suspension (the Eagles would deactivate him game by game, with pay, for the final five games of the season, but so long as he was paid, he was not technically suspended). The NFLPA subsequently said they would make sure Bloch never arbitrated with them again.
DESPERATE HOUSEWIVES SKIT
On November 15, 2004, Owens, wearing a
Philadelphia Eagles uniform,
appeared with popular television actress
Nicollette Sheridan (of the
Desperate Housewives , in character as
Edie Britt ) in an
introductory skit which opened that evening's Monday Night Football
telecast, in which Owens and the Eagles played the Cowboys at Texas
Stadium . Some observers (especially then-
2006 HYDROCODONE OVERDOSE
Some media outlets in Dallas reported on the morning of September 27, 2006 that Owens had tried to kill himself by intentionally ingesting an overdose of hydrocodone , a pain medication. A police report filed on the night of September 26 seemed to confirm the attempt, saying that Owens's publicist, Kim Etheredge, found him unresponsive with an empty bottle of pain killers, pried two pills from his mouth, and called 9-1-1 , after which an ambulance transported him four blocks from his Deep Ellum condo to Baylor University Medical Center .
According to the police report, Owens and Etheredge both said he was
depressed , and Owens answered "yes" when asked whether he had
intended to harm himself. Owens' publicist , however, refuted the
report, stating that Owens had suffered an allergic reaction to the
medication combined with a dietary supplement .
Owens left the hospital later on September 27. At a news conference after his release, Owens denied having made a suicide attempt , stating that he expected to join the team for practice the next morning. He stated that he was "not depressed" and was "very happy to be here", and denied that doctors had pumped his stomach , calling speculation to that effect "definitely untrue". The press conference took place after Owens had run routes and caught passes with the Cowboys at the team's practice facility in Valley Ranch .
Owens' publicist lashed out at the police and said they took advantage of him. Notably, Owens himself made no such statements, and at his press conference praised both the police and medical personnel who treated him. Then on Thursday, September 28, the Dallas Police Department reported the incident to be an "accidental overdose" and ended their investigation.
The pain medication Owens had ingested had been prescribed to him for a broken finger he had suffered in a week 2 victory against the Washington Redskins. Bill Parcells had noted in a press conference a few days before the incident that the medication Owens had been taking had made him sick, and he had been prescribed a milder pain killer.
After the December 16, 2006 game against the
Atlanta Falcons ,
DeAngelo Hall claimed that Owens spat in his face
after a play early in the game. Game officials and reporters were
unaware of the incident and Owens was not asked about it until his
post-game interview with the
This section about a living person NEEDS ADDITIONAL CITATIONS FOR VERIFICATION . Please help by adding reliable sources . Contentious material about living persons that is unsourced or poorly sourced MUST BE REMOVED IMMEDIATELY, especially if potentially libelous or harmful. (November 2016) (Learn how and when to remove this template message )
Owens is known for his flamboyant celebrations after scoring touchdowns, some of which have resulted in fines by the NFL front office.
CELEBRATIONS FOR SAN FRANCISCO
* While playing the Atlanta Falcons on January 9, 1999, Owens caught a long touchdown pass and proceeded to mimic the "dirty bird", the Falcons’ signature touchdown dance with Owens performing a slashing of the throat gesture at the end of the dance. * On September 24, 2000 in Dallas, Owens celebrated his two touchdown catches by running from the end zone to midfield and celebrating on the Dallas Cowboys ' star logo. The second time, Cowboys safety George Teague hit him during the celebration. Teague was ejected for his actions, while Owens was suspended for a week by his head coach . * During a Monday Night Football game against the Seattle Seahawks on October 14, 2002, Owens pulled a Sharpie marker out of his sock to sign the football he caught to score a touchdown, and then gave the ball to his financial adviser , who happened to also be the financial adviser of Shawn Springs , who was covering Owens on the play. He was criticized by Seahawks coach Mike Holmgren for the stunt, but was not punished by the 49ers or the NFL. However, in the wake of the highly publicized incident, the league immediately adopted a new rule banning players from carrying "foreign objects" with them on the field. * On December 15, 2002, in a home game against the Green Bay Packers , Owens scored a touchdown and ran to a row of cheerleaders beyond the end zone. He reached out and asked to borrow two pompoms from a 49ers cheerleader , which he then playfully shook, doing his own brief spontaneous routine before dropping them to the ground. * On November 17, 2003, the 49ers hosted the Pittsburgh Steelers in a Monday night game. Owens wore a wristband with the words "The Answer" emblazoned on it. Eight minutes into the game, he caught a 61-yard touchdown pass from Tim Rattay , and pointed to the wristband to draw attention to it. After the game (won by San Francisco 30-14), Owens was asked by a reporter the significance of the slogan on the wristband, and he replied: "Because I am The Answer." "The Answer" is the nickname of former NBA guard Allen Iverson . * On December 14, 2003, Owens scored a touchdown in a loss at Cincinnati, ran to a snow pile at the edge of the field, and threw snow at the fans.
CELEBRATIONS FOR PHILADELPHIA
* The "Bird Dance", "The Bird", or "Wing Flap" became T.O.'s
trademark dance with the Eagles. T.O. did the "Bird Dance" frequently
during the 2004 season after a big play or touchdown. His touchdown
celebration was first imitated in the Eagles' first loss of the season
at Pittsburgh. After scoring on a reverse,
CELEBRATIONS FOR DALLAS
* After catching a touchdown against the
Washington Redskins on
November 5, 2006, Owens pretended to take a nap, using the football as
a pillow. This was in part response to media reports during the week
that he fell asleep during team meetings. The Cowboys were penalized
15 yards for "excessive celebration".
* On the Thanksgiving Day game against the
Tampa Bay Buccaneers on
November 23, 2006, Owens, after catching a pass for a touchdown,
dropped the ball in an oversized
Led the league
BOLD Career high
YEAR TEAM G GS REC YARDS AVG LG TD
1996 SF 16 10 35 520 14.9 46t 4
1997 SF 16 15 60 936 15.6 56t 8
1998 SF 16 10 67 1,097 16.4 79t 14
1999 SF 14 14 60 754 12.6 36 4
2000 SF 14 13 97 1,451 15.0 69t 13
2001 SF 16 16 93 1,412 15.4 60t 16
2002 SF 14 14 100 1,300 13.0 76t 13
2003 SF 15 15 80 1,102 13.8 75t 9
2004 PHI 14 14 77 1,200 15.6 59t 14
2005 PHI 7 7 47 763 16.2 91t 6
2006 DAL 16 15 85 1,180 13.9 56t 13
2007 DAL 15 15 81 1,355 16.7 52t 15
2008 DAL 16 16 69 1,052 15.2 75t 10
2009 BUF 16 16 55 829 15.1 98T 5
2010 CIN 14 11 72 983 13.7 78t 9
CAREER (15 YRS) 219 201 1,078 15,934 14.8 98T 153
NFL RECORDS AND CAREER NOTABLES
This section POSSIBLY CONTAINS ORIGINAL RESEARCH . Please improve it by verifying the claims made and adding inline citations . Statements consisting only of original research should be removed. (January 2011) (Learn how and when to remove this template message )
* Only player in NFL history to score a TD against all 32 NFL teams
* Only player in NFL history to score two or more touchdowns against
all 32 NFL teams
* Only player in NFL history to have an 800-yard receiving season
with 5 different teams (
Cincinnati Bengals ,
Buffalo Bills , Dallas
Philadelphia Eagles ,
San Francisco 49ers )
* Only player in NFL history to have a 150-yard receiving game with
5 different teams (Cincinnati Bengals, Buffalo Bills, Dallas Cowboys,
49ers franchise records
* Most receptions in a single game: 20 (12/17/00 vs Chicago Bears ) (Week 15) * Most receiving yards on a Sunday game: 283 (12/17/00 vs Chicago Bears ) (Week 15)
Eagles franchise records
* Most receiving touchdowns in a single season: 14 (2004) * Most receiving yards per game, season: 109.0 (2005) 763 in 7 games.
Cowboys franchise records
* Most consecutive games with a receiving touchdown: 7 (2007).
Record shared with
Franklin Clarke (1961–1962), Bob Hayes
Dez Bryant (2012)
* Most touchdown receptions in a single game: 4 (11/18/07 vs
Washington Redskins ). Record shared with
Bills franchise records
Bengals franchise records
* Most combined yards/receiving yards/yards from scrimmage in a single game by a player over age 30: 222 (10/3/10 vs Cleveland Browns ) (Week 4)
* 5th player to reach 150 touchdowns
* 6th player to reach 1,000 career receptions, 6th player to reach
100 touchdown receptions, 6th player to reach 14,000 receiving yards
* 3rd player to reach 150 touchdown receptions, 3rd player to reach
15,000 receiving yards
* Through 15 seasons, has 156 total touchdowns (153 receiving),
15,934 receiving yards, 1,078 receptions, 39 rushing attempts, 251
rushing yards, 3 rushing touchdowns, 5 kickoff returns, 23 kickoff
return yards, 2 fumble recoveries, 13 fumble return yards, and 3
* Averaged one touchdown per game in 2001, 2004, and 2007
* Has had nine 1,000 yard seasons, including five consecutive
* Reached 100 catches in only 14 games in 2002
* Led League in receiving touchdowns in 2001, 2002, and 2006
* Third all-time in regular season receiving touchdowns behind Jerry
* Second all-time in regular season receiving yards behind Jerry
* Eighth all-time in regular season receptions behind
Owens is depicted in a photographic work by contemporary African-American artist Hank Willis Thomas entitled Liberation of T.O.: Ain't no way I'm go'n in back ta'work fa'massa in dat darn field (2004). The work was featured in "Frequency", the Studio Museum in Harlem 's 2006 exhibition of emerging artists.
Owens rapped in a single titled "I'm Back", available for download on his website.
Outside of his football career, Owens also appeared in various
commercials, television shows, and films. Owens played himself, as a
wide receiver wearing #82 for the fictional Miami Sharks, in the 1999
Any Given Sunday
He starred in a summer 2009 reality show on
Owens appeared in the NBA All-Star celebrity game again in 2009 scoring 17 points including two alley-oops , to secure his second consecutive MVP award.
In June 2009, Owens starred in ABC's reincarnation of Superstars , a sports competition show from the 70s where celebrities are paired with professional athletes. The first episode is rumored to have ended in controversy, as evidenced by a leaked clip of partner supermodel Joanna Krupa calling Owens a "prima donna".
As a one-time rating sweeps week stunt, Owens replaced WKBW-TV sports anchor Jeff Russo for their 6:00 p.m. newscast on May 18, 2009.
On May 8, 2012, Owens appeared on Dr. Phil with the mothers of 3 of his children to discuss relationships.
In 2014, Owens made a cameo appearance in R -webkit-column-width: 30em; column-width: 30em; list-style-type: decimal;">
* ^ "
* ^ Pierson, Don (1997-09-02). "1st Injury Of Career Puts 49ers\'
Rice Out For \'97". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 2017-08-05.
* ^ "CANDLESTICK PARK THROUGH THE YEARS". National Football League
. Retrieved December 22, 2013.
* ^ McGowan, Ryan (August 13, 2004). "Terrell Owens: Go Back to
Fourth Grade". SportsColumn.com. Retrieved January 7, 2009.
* ^ http://www.simonandschuster.com/authors/Stephen-Singular/2192
* ^ Eric O'Keefe (2005-05-27). "Roy Williams Will Play by Rules,
Including His Own".
The New York Times
* ^ Tadych, Frank (2010-11-09). "Owens on pace to reach contract
incentives". NFL Enterprises LLC. Retrieved 2010-11-09.
Missing or empty title= (help )
* ^ "