TERMITOTROX - Reichensperger, 1915
TERMITOTROGINAE is a monotypic subfamily of the family
Termitotrogins are characterised by having no eyes and no wings, and their pronotum and elytra have a distinctive patterning of ribs and grooves. The function of the beetles in the termite colony is unclear but it seems that they are likely to be obligatory termitophiles and somehow play an important role in the nest environment of their fungus-growing hosts.
The following species are included in the genus Termitotrox:
* Termitotrox ancoroides (Petrovitz, 1956) – Eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo * Termitotrox consobrinus Reichensperger, 1915 – Republic of South Africa and KwazuluNatal * Termitotrox cupido Maruyama, 2012 - Cambodia * Termitotrox kenyensis Paulian, 1985 – Kenya * Termitotrox maynei Reichensperger, 1956 – Eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo * Termitotrox minutus (Arrow, 1920) – India * Termitotrox monodi Paulian, 1947 – Ivory Coast * Termitotrox permirus Wasmann, 1918 – India * Termitotrox turkanicus Krikken, 2008 – Kenya * Termitotrox usambaricus Krikken, 2008 – Tanzania * Termitotrox vanbruggeni Krikken, 2008 – Kenya
* ^ A B C D Krikken, J. (2008). "Blind, flightless termitophiles of the genus Termitotrox in East Africa: three new species with a generic review (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Termitotroginae)". Tijdschrift voor Entomologie. 151: 65–75. doi :10.1163/22119434-900000251 . ISSN 0040-7496 . * ^ Maruyama, Munetoshi (2012). " Termitotrox cupido sp. n. (Coleoptera, Scarabaeidae), a new termitophilous scarab species from the Indo-Chinese subregion, associated with Hypotermes termites" . ZooKeys. 254: 89–97. doi :10.3897/zookeys.254.4285 . PMC 3561921 . PMID 23