Tenures Abolition Act 1660
And that all tenures hereafter to be created by the Kings Majestie his Heires or Successors upon any gifts or grants of any Mannours Lands Tenements or Hereditaments of any Estate of Inheritance at the common Law shall be in free and common Soccage, and shall be adjudged to be in free and common Soccage onely, and not by Knight service or in Capite, and shall be discharged of all Wardship value and forfeiture of Marriage Livery Primer-Seizin Ouster le main Aide pur[n 1] faier fitz Chivalier[n 2] & pur file marrier[n 3], Any Law Statute or reservation to the contrary thereof any wise notwithstanding.
Passed in 1660 by the Convention Parliament shortly after the English
Restoration, the Act replaced various types of military and religious
service tenants owed to the Crown with socage, and compensated the
monarch with an annual fixed payment of £100,000 to be raised by
means of a new tax on alcohol. (Frankalmoin, copyhold, and certain
aspects of grand serjeanty were excluded.) It completed a process that
had begun in 1610 during the reign of James I with the proposal of the
The Statute made constitutional gestures to reduce feudalism and
removed the monarch's right to demand participation of certain
subjects in the Army. By abolishing feudal obligations of those
holding those feudal tenures other than by socage, such as by a
knight's fee, it standardized most feudal tenancies of the aristocracy
and gentry. The Act converted more of their tenures into ones which
demanded nil or negligible impositions to the Crown. While socage
usually implied rent to be payable to the monarch, no rent was paid in
the form of free and common socage as interpreted by the courts.
Instead the Act introduced and appointed collection offices and courts
to administer a new form of taxation, called excise.
^ The citation of this Act by this short title was authorised by section 5 of, and Schedule 2 to, the Statute Law Revision Act 1948. Due to the repeal of those provisions, it is now authorised by section 19(2) of the Interpretation Act 1978. ^ These words are printed against this Act in the second column of Schedule 2 to the Statute Law Revision Act 1948, which is headed "Title". ^ The Chronological Table of the Statutes, 1235 - 2010. The Stationery Office. 2011. ISBN 978-0-11-840509-6. Part I. Page 63, read with pages viii and x. ^ 'Book 1, Ch. 14: From the Restoration to the Fire', A New History of London: Including Westminster and Southwark (1773), pp. 210-30. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.asp?compid=46731. Date accessed: 07 March 2007. ^ Barnett (1998-09-01). Introduction to Feminist Jurisprudence (1 ed.). Routledge Cavendish. ISBN 1-85941-237-8. ^ O'Halloran, Kerry (December 1999). The Welfare of the Child: The Principle and the Law. Ashgate. ISBN 1-85742-290-2.
^ pur means for or through as in pur autre vie, for the life[span] of another ^ the son of a knight ^ "line married" i.e. married lineage
The Law & Working of the Constitution: Documents 1660-1914, ed. W. C. Costin & J. Steven Watson. A&C Black, 1952. Vol. I (1660–1783), p. 2-4 'Charles II, 1660: An Act takeing away the Court of Wards and Liveries and Tenures in Capite and by Knights Service and Purveyance, and for settling a Revenue upon his Majesty in Lieu thereof.', Statutes of the Realm: volume 5: 1628-80 (1819), pp. 259–66. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.asp?compid=47272. Date accessed: 5 March 2007. Perrins, Bryn (2000-01-01). Understanding Land Law (1 ed.). Routledge Cavendish. ISBN 1-85941-538-5.
The Tenures Abolition Act 1660, as amended, from Legislation.gov.uk.
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