HOME
The Info List - Tennessee River



--- Advertisement ---


(i) (i) (i) (i)

The TENNESSEE RIVER is the largest tributary of the Ohio River
Ohio River
. It is approximately 652 miles (1,049 km) long and is located in the southeastern United States
United States
in the Tennessee
Tennessee
Valley . The river was once popularly known as the Cherokee
Cherokee
River, among other names, as many of the Cherokee
Cherokee
had their territory along its banks, especially in eastern Tennessee
Tennessee
and northern Alabama
Alabama
. Its current name is derived from the Cherokee
Cherokee
village Tanasi
Tanasi
.

CONTENTS

* 1 Course * 2 Dams * 3 Important cities and towns

* 4 History

* 4.1 Name * 4.2 Beginning * 4.3 Water rights and border dispute between Georgia and Tennessee
Tennessee

* 5 Modern use * 6 Ecology * 7 Popular culture * 8 Tennessee
Tennessee
River tributaries * 9 See also * 10 Notes * 11 Further reading * 12 External links

COURSE

The Tennessee
Tennessee
River is formed at the confluence of the Holston and French Broad rivers on the east side of present-day Knoxville, Tennessee
Tennessee
. From Knoxville, it flows southwest through East Tennessee toward Chattanooga
Chattanooga
before crossing into Alabama
Alabama
. It loops through northern Alabama
Alabama
and eventually forms a small part of the state's border with Mississippi
Mississippi
, before returning to Tennessee. At this point, it defines the boundary between two of Tennessee's Grand Divisions : Middle and West Tennessee
Tennessee
.

The Tennessee–Tombigbee Waterway , a U.S. Army Corps of Engineers project providing navigation on the Tombigbee River
Tombigbee River
and a link to the Port of Mobile , enters the Tennessee
Tennessee
River near the Tennessee-Alabama- Mississippi
Mississippi
boundary. This waterway reduces the navigation distance from Tennessee, north Alabama, and northern Mississippi
Mississippi
to the Gulf of Mexico
Gulf of Mexico
by hundreds of miles. The final part of the Tennessee's run is in Kentucky
Kentucky
, where it separates the Jackson Purchase from the rest of the state. It flows into the Ohio River
Ohio River
at Paducah, Kentucky
Kentucky
.

DAMS

The river has been dammed numerous times , primarily in the 20th century by Tennessee
Tennessee
Valley Authority (TVA) projects since the 1930s. The placement of TVA's Kentucky
Kentucky
Dam on the Tennessee
Tennessee
River and the Corps of Engineers' Barkley Dam on the Cumberland River
Cumberland River
led to the development of associated lakes, and the creation of what is called Land Between the Lakes . A navigation canal located at Grand Rivers, Kentucky
Kentucky
, links Kentucky
Kentucky
Lake and Lake Barkley . The canal allows for a shorter trip for river traffic going from the Tennessee
Tennessee
to most of the Ohio River, and for traffic going down the Cumberland River
Cumberland River
toward the Mississippi.

IMPORTANT CITIES AND TOWNS

Cities in bold type have more than 30,000 residents

* Bridgeport, Alabama
Alabama
* CHATTANOOGA, TENNESSEE * Cherokee, Alabama
Alabama
* Clifton, Tennessee
Tennessee
* Crump, Tennessee
Tennessee
* DECATUR, ALABAMA * FLORENCE, ALABAMA * Grand Rivers, Kentucky
Kentucky
* Guntersville, Alabama
Alabama
* Harrison, Tennessee
Tennessee
* HUNTSVILLE, ALABAMA * Killen, Alabama
Alabama
* Kingston, Tennessee
Tennessee
* KNOXVILLE, TENNESSEE * Langston, Alabama
Alabama
* Lenoir City, Tennessee
Tennessee
* Loudon, Tennessee
Tennessee
* Muscle Shoals, Alabama
Alabama
* New Johnsonville, Tennessee
Tennessee
* Paducah, Kentucky
Kentucky
* Redstone Arsenal, Alabama
Alabama
* Savannah, Tennessee
Tennessee
* Scottsboro, Alabama
Alabama
* Sheffield, Alabama
Alabama
* Soddy-Daisy, Tennessee
Tennessee
* Signal Mountain, Tennessee
Tennessee
* South Pittsburg, Tennessee
Tennessee
* Triana, Alabama
Alabama
* Waterloo, Alabama
Alabama

HISTORY

NAME

The river appears on French maps from the late 17th century with the names "Caquinampo" or "Kasqui." Maps from the early 18th century call it "Cussate," "Hogohegee ," "Callamaco," and "Acanseapi." A 1755 British map showed the Tennessee
Tennessee
River as the "River of the Cherakees." By the late 18th century, it had come to be called "Tennessee," a name derived from the Cherokee
Cherokee
village named Tanasi
Tanasi
. The river was a major highway to transport goods and explorers in the years when Tennessee
Tennessee
was not yet settled. Some major towns that still exist today, and major ports at them were established by those who rode down the river, and settled along it.

BEGINNING

Fish catch near Wilson Dam on the Tennessee
Tennessee
River around 1940.

The Tennessee
Tennessee
River begins at mile post 652, where the French Broad River meets the Holston River, but historically there were several different definitions of its starting point. In the late 18th century, the mouth of the Little Tennessee
Tennessee
River (at Lenoir City ) was considered to be the beginning of the Tennessee
Tennessee
River. Through much of the 19th century, the Tennessee
Tennessee
River was considered to start at the mouth of Clinch River
Clinch River
(at Kingston ). An 1889 declaration by the Tennessee
Tennessee
General Assembly designated Kingsport (on the Holston River ) as the start of the Tennessee, but the following year a federal law was enacted that finally fixed the start of the river at its current location.

WATER RIGHTS AND BORDER DISPUTE BETWEEN GEORGIA AND TENNESSEE

At various points since the early 19th century, Georgia has disputed its northern border with Tennessee. In 1796, when Tennessee
Tennessee
was admitted to the Union, the border was originally defined by United States Congress as located on the 35th parallel, thereby ensuring that at least a portion of the river would be located within Georgia. As a result of an erroneously conducted survey in 1818 (ratified by the Tennessee
Tennessee
legislature, but not Georgia), however, the actual border line was set on the ground approximately one mile south, thus placing the disputed portion of the river entirely in Tennessee.

Georgia made several unsuccessful attempts to correct what Georgia felt was an erroneous survey line "in the 1890s, 1905, 1915, 1922, 1941, 1947 and 1971 to 'resolve' the dispute", according to C. Crews Townsend, Joseph McCoin, Robert F. Parsley, Alison Martin and Zachary H. Greene, writing for the Tennessee
Tennessee
Bar Journal, a publication of the Tennessee
Tennessee
Bar Association, appearing on May 12, 2008.

In 2008, as a result of a serious drought and resulting water shortage, the Georgia General Assembly
Georgia General Assembly
passed a resolution directing the governor to pursue its claim in the United States
United States
Supreme Court .

According to a story aired on WTVC-TV in Chattanooga
Chattanooga
on March 14, 2008, a local attorney familiar with case law on border disputes, says the U.S. Supreme Court generally will maintain the original borders between states and avoid stepping into border disputes, preferring the parties work out their differences.

The Chattanooga Times Free Press
Chattanooga Times Free Press
reported on 25 March 2013 that Georgia senators approved House Resolution 4 stating that if Tennessee declines to settle with them, the dispute will be handed over to the attorney general, who will take Tennessee
Tennessee
before the Supreme Court to settle the issue once and for all. The Atlantic Wire , in commenting on Georgia's actions stated: The Great Georgia- Tennessee
Tennessee
Border War of 2013 Is Upon Us Historians, take note: On this day, which is not a day in 1732, a boundary dispute between two Southern states took a turn for the wet. In a two-page resolution passed overwhelmingly by the state senate, Georgia declared that it, not its neighbor to the north, controls part of the Tennessee
Tennessee
River at Nickajack . Georgia doesn't want Nickajack. It wants that water..

MODERN USE

The Tennessee
Tennessee
River is an important part of the Great Loop , the recreational circumnavigation of Eastern North America by water.

The Tennessee
Tennessee
River has historically been a major highway for riverboats through the south and today they are still found along the river in abundance. Major ports include Guntersville, Chattanooga
Chattanooga
, Decatur , and Yellow Creek, and Muscle Shoals
Muscle Shoals
. Navigation has contributed greatly to the economic and industrial development of the Tennessee
Tennessee
Valley as a whole. The economies of cities like Decatur and Chattanooga
Chattanooga
would not be as dynamic as they are today, were it not for the Tennessee
Tennessee
River. Many companies still rely on the river as a means of transportation for their materials. In Chattanooga, for example, steel is exported on boats, as it is much more efficient than moving it on land. Locks along the Tennessee
Tennessee
River waterway provide passage between reservoirs for more than 13,000 recreational craft each year. The Chickamauga Dam
Chickamauga Dam
, located just upstream from Chattanooga, is currently planned to have a new lock built. However, the project has been delayed due to a lack of funding. The river not only has many economic functions, such as the boat building industry and transportation, but it also provides water and natural resources to those who live near the river. Many of the major ports on the river are connected to a settlement that was started because of its proximity to the river.

ECOLOGY

The Tennessee
Tennessee
River and its tributaries host some 102 species of mussel . Native Americans ate freshwater mussels. Potters of the Mississippian Culture used crushed mussel shell mixed into clay to make their pottery stronger.

A "pearl" button industry was established in the Tennessee
Tennessee
Valley beginning in 1887, producing buttons from the abundant mussel shells. Button
Button
production ceased after World War II
World War II
when plastics replaced mother-of-pearl as a button material. Mussel
Mussel
populations have declined drastically due to dam construction, water pollution, and invasive species .

POPULAR CULTURE

* Cormac McCarthy
Cormac McCarthy
's 1979 novel Suttree concerns a man who forsakes his life of privilege to become a fisherman along the Tennessee
Tennessee
River in Knoxville in the early 1950s. * The country music band Alabama
Alabama
recorded the song " Tennessee
Tennessee
River " in 1980. * Darryl Worley 's " Tennessee
Tennessee
River Run " was written and recorded about the memories he made over the course of his lifetime on the Tennessee
Tennessee
River and at Pickwick Lake , just outside his hometown of Savannah .

TENNESSEE RIVER TRIBUTARIES

Forks-of-the-River in East Knoxville: the French Broad (left) joins the Holston (right) to form the Tennessee
Tennessee
(center)

Tributaries and sub-tributaries are listed hierarchically in order from the mouth of the Tennessee
Tennessee
River upstream.

* Horse Creek Savannah (Hardin County ) * Big Sandy River (Tennessee) * White Oak Creek

* Duck River (Tennessee)

* Buffalo River (Tennessee)
Buffalo River (Tennessee)

* Green River * Little Buffalo River

* Piney River (Tennessee) * Little Duck River

* Beech River (Tennessee) * Shoal Creek

* Bear Creek (Alabama, Mississippi)

* Buzzard Roost Creek (Alabama)

* Colbert Creek (Alabama) * Cotaco Creek (Alabama) * Malone Creek (Alabama) * Mulberry Creek (Alabama) * Cane Creek (Alabama) * Dry Creek (Alabama) * Little Bear Creek (Alabama) * Spring Creek (Alabama) * Cypress Creek (Alabama) * Shoal Creek (Alabama) * First Creek (Alabama) * Elk River (Tennessee, Alabama) * Flint Creek (Alabama)

* Limestone Creek (Alabama, Tennessee)

* Beaverdam Creek (Alabama)

* Indian Creek (Alabama) * Barren Fork Creek * Flint River (Alabama, Tennessee) * Paint Rock River
Paint Rock River
(Alabama, Tennessee)

* Sequatchie River (Tennessee)

* Little Sequatchie River

* Mountain Creek (Tennessee) * Lookout Creek (Tennessee, Georgia) * Chattanooga
Chattanooga
Creek (Tennessee, Georgia) * Citico Creek (Tennessee) * South Chickamauga Creek (Tennessee, Georgia) * North Chickamauga Creek (Tennessee)

* Hiwassee River (Tennessee, North Carolina)

* Conasauga Creek (Tennessee) * Ocoee River (Tennessee, Georgia) * Nottely River (North Carolina, Georgia)

* Piney River (Tennessee)

* Clinch River
Clinch River
(Tennessee, Virginia)

* Emory River
Emory River
(Tennessee)

* Little Emory River
Emory River

* Obed River (Tennessee)

* Little Obed River

* Poplar Creek

* East Fork Poplar Creek

* Beaver Creek * Powell River (Tennessee, Virginia)

* Little Tennessee
Tennessee
River (Tennessee, North Carolina)

* Tellico River (Tennessee) * Tuckasegee River
Tuckasegee River
(North Carolina) * Nantahala River (North Carolina) * Cullasaja River (North Carolina)

* Little River (Tennessee)

* French Broad River
French Broad River

* Little Pigeon River (Tennessee) * Nolichucky River
Nolichucky River
(Tennessee, North Carolina) * Pigeon River (Tennessee, North Carolina) * Swannanoa River (North Carolina)

* Holston River
Holston River
(Tennessee)

* North Fork Holston River
Holston River
(Tennessee, Virginia)

* South Fork Holston River
Holston River
(Tennessee, Virginia)

* Watauga River
Watauga River
(Tennessee, North Carolina)

* Doe River (Tennessee)

* Middle Fork Holston River
Holston River
(Virginia)

SEE ALSO

* List of Alabama
Alabama
rivers * List of crossings of the Tennessee
Tennessee
River * List of dams and reservoirs of the Tennessee
Tennessee
River * List of Kentucky
Kentucky
rivers * List of longest rivers of the United States
United States
(by main stem) * List of Mississippi
Mississippi
rivers * List of Tennessee
Tennessee
rivers * Stare decisis * Tennessee
Tennessee
River Valley * Tennessee-Tombigbee Waterway
Tennessee-Tombigbee Waterway

NOTES

* ^ U.S. Geological Survey. Shooks Gap quadrangle, Tennessee. 1:24,000. 7.5 Minute Series. Washington D.C.: USGS, 1987. * ^ A B C D U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Tennessee
Tennessee
River * ^ U.S. Geological Survey. Paducah East quadrangle, Kentucky. 1:24,000. 7.5 Minute Series. Washington D.C.: USGS, 1982. * ^ A B "Arthur Benke & Colbert Cushing, "Rivers of North America". Elsevier Academic Press, 2005 ISBN 0-12-088253-1 * ^ A B Bright, William (2004). Native American placenames of the United States. University of Oklahoma Press. p. 488. ISBN 978-0-8061-3598-4 . Retrieved 11 April 2011. * ^ A B C Ann Toplovich, Tennessee
Tennessee
River System, Tennessee Encyclopedia of History and Culture , December 25, 2009; updated January 1, 2010; accessed July 14, 2011 * ^ "Georgians thirst to move Tennessee
Tennessee
state line". February 8, 2008. Retrieved 2008-05-13. * ^ "Desperate for water, Georgia revisits border dispute". February 8, 2008. Retrieved 2008-05-13. * ^ "Crossing the Line Tennessee
Tennessee
Bar Association". Tba.org. Archived from the original on 2015-07-08. Retrieved 2013-07-10. * ^ Jones, Andrea (February 20, 2008). "Ga.\'s quest to move Tenn. border advances". The Atlanta Journal-Constitution. Retrieved 2008-05-14. * ^ Dewan, Shaila (February 22, 2008). "Georgia Claims a Sliver of the Tennessee
Tennessee
River". The New York Times. Retrieved 2008-05-14. * ^ http://www.newschannel9.com/articles/georgia-967199-tennessee-border.html * ^ "Tennessee, Georgia at war over state line; battle could go to Supreme Court". March 25, 2013. Retrieved 2013-03-25. * ^ "The Great Georgia- Tennessee
Tennessee
Border War of 2013 Is Upon Us". March 25, 2013. Retrieved 2013-03-25. * ^ "Navigation on the Tennessee
Tennessee
River". tva.com. TVA. Retrieved 29 October 2014. * ^ "Chickamauga Lock Addition Project". lrn.usace.army.mil. Retrieved 29 October 2014. * ^ A B Freshwater Mussels, Virginia Department of Game and Inland Fisheries website, accessed July 14, 2011 * ^ Tennessee
Tennessee
Freshwater Mussels, Frank H. McClung Museum website, accessed July 14, 2011 * ^ A B C D E F G H Alabama
Alabama
Department of Transportation (1997). "County Highway Maps". University of Alabama
Alabama
. Archived from the original (Lizardtech Plugin) on 2009-01-30. Retrieved 2007-06-25. * ^ A B C D Army Corp of Engineers (1997). " Tennessee
Tennessee
River Navigation Charts". Army Corp of Engineers. Archived from the original on 2003-06-05. Retrieved 2007-07-04.

FURTHER READING

* Woodside, M.D. et al. (2004). Water quality in the lower Tennessee River Basin, Tennessee, Alabama, Kentucky, Mississippi, and Georgia, 1999-2001 . Reston, VA: U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey. * Myers, Fred (2004). Tennessee
Tennessee
River CruiseGuide, 5th Edition * Hay, Jerry (2010). Tennessee
Tennessee
River Guidebook, 1st Edition * Rumsey, W.J. (2007). A Cruising Guide to the Tennessee
Tennessee
River, Tenn-Tom Waterway, and Lower Tombigbee

.