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The Info List - Tennessee's 4th Congressional District



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The 4TH CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT OF TENNESSEE is a congressional district in southern Tennessee. It has been represented by Republican Scott Desjarlais since January 2011.

CONTENTS

* 1 Current Boundaries * 2 Characteristics * 3 History * 4 List of representatives * 5 Historical district boundaries * 6 See also * 7 References * 8 External links

CURRENT BOUNDARIES

The district lies in mostly in the southern part of Middle Tennessee, but stretches into East Tennessee. It is currently composed of the following counties: Bedford , Bledsoe , Franklin , Grundy , Lincoln , Marion , Marshall , Meigs , Moore , Rhea , Rutherford , Sequatchie , and Warren . It also contains significant portions of Bradley , Maury , and Van Buren counties.

CHARACTERISTICS

Most of the district is rural, but many residents live in suburbs of Chattanooga and Nashville. The area is very hilly, and has many well-known geographical features related to its location on the Cumberland Plateau. Possibly the most famous of these is Fall Creek Falls in Van Buren County.

This part of Tennessee
Tennessee
has several well-recognized distilleries such as Duck River, George Dickel, Southern Pride, and most famously the Jack Daniel\'s Distillery
Distillery
in Lynchburg .

The region encompasses many of Tennessee's higher education facilities, such as Middle Tennessee
Tennessee
State University , Sewanee: The University of the South , Bryan College , and Lee University .

According to the 2010 census, the five largest cities are Murfreesboro (108,755), Cleveland (41,285), Smyrna (39,974), LaVergne (32,588), and Shelbyville (20,335).

HISTORY

Throughout the 20th century, the 4th district took many different forms. Though, in most cases, it encompassed most of the rural area between Nashville and Knoxville. It has often been the state's largest district in terms of area, and one of the largest east of the Mississippi River
Mississippi River
, because of low population density and the district's rural character.

For almost thirty years (1947-1977), this area of Tennessee
Tennessee
was represented in Congress by Joe L. Evins
Joe L. Evins
. (Early in his political career, his district was numbered as the "5th", but that district was almost entirely in what became the 4th after the 1950s round of redistricting.) Evins' successor in Congress was future vice president Al Gore, Jr.
Al Gore, Jr.
, who represented the 4th from 1977 to 1983.

The district's current configuration dates from he 1980 census, when Tennessee
Tennessee
gained a new congressional seat. Parts of what were previously in the 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, and 6th districts were combined to form a new 4th district. Most of Gore's territory became the 6th district.

The new district took pieces of traditional heavily Republican East Tennessee
Tennessee
and traditionally Democratic Middle Tennessee
Tennessee
. It was so large that it stretched across five of Tennessee's eight television markets (Nashville, Knoxville, Chattanooga, the Tri-Cities, as well as the Tennessee
Tennessee
share of the Huntsville, Alabama
Huntsville, Alabama
market).

In 1982, Democrat Jim Cooper
Jim Cooper
, son of former governor Prentice Cooper defeated Cissy Baker, daughter of Senate Majority Leader Howard Baker . Cooper went on to represent the district for the rest of the 80s and early 90s. On paper, this district was not safe for either party, given its volatile demographics. Much of the eastern portion of the district, for instance, had not been represented by a Democrat since before the Civil War. However, Cooper was reelected five times without serious difficulty.

Cooper gave up his seat to run for Senate in 1994, where he lost to Fred Thompson
Fred Thompson
. He was succeeded by Republican Van Hilleary in the massive Republican wave of that year. Hilleary was reelected three times without much difficulty, handily winning a second term even as Bill Clinton
Bill Clinton
carried the district due to Gore's presence as his running mate.

In 2002, Hilleary made a failed attempt to become Governor of Tennessee
Tennessee
, and was replaced by state senator Lincoln Davis . Davis held the seat for eight years.

In 2010, Davis was challenged by South Pittsburg doctor Scott DesJarlais , who rode to victory on the Tea Party wave of 2010 despite Davis raising more money. This marked the first time that an incumbent had been defeated in the district since the reformation of the district in 1980.

Following the DesJarlais victory and the 2010 census, the 4th was made slightly more compact. The district lost its northern portion, including its territory near the Tri-Cities and Knoxville. On the other hand, the 4th gained significant additions with Rutherford County and northern Bradley County .

LIST OF REPRESENTATIVES

NAME YEARS PARTY DISTRICT RESIDENCE NOTES

District created March 4, 1813

John H. Bowen March 4, 1813 - March 3, 1815 Democratic-Republican

Bennett H. Henderson March 4, 1815 - March 3, 1817 Democratic-Republican

Samuel E. Hogg March 4, 1817 - March 3, 1819 Democratic-Republican

Robert Allen March 4, 1819 - March 3, 1823 Democratic-Republican

Redistricted to the 5th district

Jacob C. Isacks March 4, 1823 - March 3, 1825 Jacksonian D-R Winchester

March 4, 1825 - March 3, 1833 Jacksonian

James I. Standifer March 4, 1833 - March 3, 1835 Jacksonian Kingston Redistricted from the 3rd district

March 4, 1835 - March 3, 1837 Anti-Jacksonian

March 4, 1837 - August 20, 1837 Whig Died

Vacant August 20, 1837 - September 14, 1837

William Stone September 14, 1837 - March 3, 1839 Whig Sequatchie County

Julius W. Blackwell March 4, 1839 - March 3, 1841 Democratic Athens

Thomas J. Campbell March 4, 1841 - March 3, 1843 Whig Rhea County

Alvan Cullom March 4, 1843 - March 3, 1847 Democratic Livingston

Hugh Hill March 4, 1847 - March 3, 1849 Democratic McMinnville

John H. Savage March 4, 1849 - March 3, 1853 Democratic Smithville

William Cullom March 4, 1853 - March 3, 1855 Whig Carthage Redistricted from the 8th district

John H. Savage March 4, 1855 - March 3, 1859 Democratic Smithville

William B. Stokes March 4, 1859 - March 3, 1861 Opposition Alexandria

Andrew J. Clements March 4, 1861 - March 3, 1863 Unionist Lafayette

American Civil War
American Civil War

Edmund Cooper July 24, 1866 - March 3, 1867 Unionist Shelbyville

James Mullins March 4, 1867 - March 3, 1869 Republican Shelbyville

Lewis Tillman March 4, 1869 - March 3, 1871 Republican Shelbyville

John M. Bright March 4, 1871 - March 3, 1875 Democratic Fayetteville Redistricted to the 5th district

Samuel M. Fite March 4, 1875 - October 23, 1875 Democratic Carthage Died

Vacant October 23, 1875 - December 14, 1875

Haywood Y. Riddle December 14, 1875 - March 3, 1879 Democratic Lebanon

Benton McMillin March 4, 1879 - January 6, 1899 Democratic Celina Resigned after being elected Governor

Vacant January 6, 1899 - March 3, 1899

Charles E. Snodgrass March 4, 1899 - March 3, 1903 Democratic Crossville

Morgan C. Fitzpatrick March 4, 1903 - March 3, 1905 Democratic Hartsville

Mounce G. Butler March 4, 1905 - March 3, 1907 Democratic Gainesboro

Cordell Hull
Cordell Hull
March 4, 1907 - March 3, 1921 Democratic Celina

Wynne F. Clouse March 4, 1921 - March 3, 1923 Republican Cookeville

Cordell Hull
Cordell Hull
March 4, 1923 - March 3, 1931 Democratic Celina

John R. Mitchell March 4, 1931 - January 3, 1939 Democratic Crossville

Albert Gore, Sr. January 3, 1939 - December 4, 1944 Democratic Carthage Resigned December 4, 1944 to enter US Army
US Army

Vacant December 4, 1944 - January 3, 1945

Albert Gore, Sr. January 3, 1945 - January 3, 1953 Democratic Carthage

Joe L. Evins
Joe L. Evins
January 3, 1953 - January 3, 1977 Democratic Smithville Redistricted from the 5th district

Al Gore
Al Gore
January 3, 1977 - January 3, 1983 Democratic Carthage Redistricted to the 6th district

Jim Cooper
Jim Cooper
January 3, 1983 - January 3, 1995 Democratic Shelbyville

Van Hilleary January 3, 1995 - January 3, 2003 Republican Spring City

Lincoln Davis January 3, 2003 - January 3, 2011 Democratic Pall Mall

Scott DesJarlais January 3, 2011 - Present Republican South Pittsburg Incumbent

HIST