The 4TH CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICT OF TENNESSEE is a congressional district in southern Tennessee. It has been represented by Republican Scott Desjarlais since January 2011.
* 1 Current Boundaries * 2 Characteristics * 3 History * 4 List of representatives * 5 Historical district boundaries * 6 See also * 7 References * 8 External links
The district lies in mostly in the southern part of Middle Tennessee, but stretches into East Tennessee. It is currently composed of the following counties: Bedford , Bledsoe , Franklin , Grundy , Lincoln , Marion , Marshall , Meigs , Moore , Rhea , Rutherford , Sequatchie , and Warren . It also contains significant portions of Bradley , Maury , and Van Buren counties.
Most of the district is rural, but many residents live in suburbs of Chattanooga and Nashville. The area is very hilly, and has many well-known geographical features related to its location on the Cumberland Plateau. Possibly the most famous of these is Fall Creek Falls in Van Buren County.
The region encompasses many of Tennessee's higher education
facilities, such as Middle
According to the 2010 census, the five largest cities are Murfreesboro (108,755), Cleveland (41,285), Smyrna (39,974), LaVergne (32,588), and Shelbyville (20,335).
Throughout the 20th century, the 4th district took many different
forms. Though, in most cases, it encompassed most of the rural area
between Nashville and Knoxville. It has often been the state's largest
district in terms of area, and one of the largest east of the
For almost thirty years (1947-1977), this area of
The district's current configuration dates from he 1980 census, when
The new district took pieces of traditional heavily Republican East
In 1982, Democrat Jim Cooper , son of former governor Prentice Cooper defeated Cissy Baker, daughter of Senate Majority Leader Howard Baker . Cooper went on to represent the district for the rest of the 80s and early 90s. On paper, this district was not safe for either party, given its volatile demographics. Much of the eastern portion of the district, for instance, had not been represented by a Democrat since before the Civil War. However, Cooper was reelected five times without serious difficulty.
Cooper gave up his seat to run for Senate in 1994, where he lost to
In 2010, Davis was challenged by South Pittsburg doctor Scott DesJarlais , who rode to victory on the Tea Party wave of 2010 despite Davis raising more money. This marked the first time that an incumbent had been defeated in the district since the reformation of the district in 1980.
Following the DesJarlais victory and the 2010 census, the 4th was made slightly more compact. The district lost its northern portion, including its territory near the Tri-Cities and Knoxville. On the other hand, the 4th gained significant additions with Rutherford County and northern Bradley County .
LIST OF REPRESENTATIVES
NAME YEARS PARTY DISTRICT RESIDENCE NOTES
District created March 4, 1813
John H. Bowen March 4, 1813 - March 3, 1815 Democratic-Republican
Robert Allen March 4, 1819 - March 3, 1823 Democratic-Republican
Redistricted to the 5th district
Jacob C. Isacks March 4, 1823 - March 3, 1825 Jacksonian D-R Winchester
March 4, 1825 - March 3, 1833 Jacksonian
James I. Standifer March 4, 1833 - March 3, 1835 Jacksonian Kingston Redistricted from the 3rd district
March 4, 1835 - March 3, 1837 Anti-Jacksonian
March 4, 1837 - August 20, 1837 Whig Died
Vacant August 20, 1837 - September 14, 1837
William Stone September 14, 1837 - March 3, 1839 Whig Sequatchie County
Julius W. Blackwell March 4, 1839 - March 3, 1841 Democratic Athens
Thomas J. Campbell March 4, 1841 - March 3, 1843 Whig Rhea County
Alvan Cullom March 4, 1843 - March 3, 1847 Democratic Livingston
Hugh Hill March 4, 1847 - March 3, 1849 Democratic McMinnville
John H. Savage March 4, 1849 - March 3, 1853 Democratic Smithville
William Cullom March 4, 1853 - March 3, 1855 Whig Carthage Redistricted from the 8th district
John H. Savage March 4, 1855 - March 3, 1859 Democratic Smithville
William B. Stokes March 4, 1859 - March 3, 1861 Opposition Alexandria
Andrew J. Clements March 4, 1861 - March 3, 1863 Unionist Lafayette
Edmund Cooper July 24, 1866 - March 3, 1867 Unionist Shelbyville
James Mullins March 4, 1867 - March 3, 1869 Republican Shelbyville
Lewis Tillman March 4, 1869 - March 3, 1871 Republican Shelbyville
John M. Bright March 4, 1871 - March 3, 1875 Democratic Fayetteville Redistricted to the 5th district
Samuel M. Fite March 4, 1875 - October 23, 1875 Democratic Carthage Died
Vacant October 23, 1875 - December 14, 1875
Haywood Y. Riddle December 14, 1875 - March 3, 1879 Democratic Lebanon
Benton McMillin March 4, 1879 - January 6, 1899 Democratic Celina Resigned after being elected Governor
Vacant January 6, 1899 - March 3, 1899
Charles E. Snodgrass March 4, 1899 - March 3, 1903 Democratic Crossville
Morgan C. Fitzpatrick March 4, 1903 - March 3, 1905 Democratic Hartsville
Mounce G. Butler March 4, 1905 - March 3, 1907 Democratic Gainesboro
Wynne F. Clouse
John R. Mitchell March 4, 1931 - January 3, 1939 Democratic Crossville
Albert Gore, Sr. January 3, 1939 - December 4, 1944 Democr