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TENCENT HOLDINGS LIMITED (Chinese : 腾 讯 控股有限公司; pinyin : TéNGXùN Kònggǔ Yǒuxiàn Gōngsī; literally: "Soaring information"; SEHK : 700 ) is a Chinese investment holding company whose subsidiaries provide media, entertainment, payment systems, smartphones , internet mobile phone value-added services and operate online advertising services in China. Its headquarters are in Nanshan District , Shenzhen
Shenzhen
.

Tencent
Tencent
is one of the largest Internet
Internet
companies , as well as the largest gaming company in the world. Its many services include social network , web portals , e-commerce , mobile games , smartphones , and multiplayer online games . Offerings in China
China
include the well-known instant messenger Tencent QQ and one of the largest web portals , QQ.com. Mobile chat service WeChat
WeChat
has helped bolster Tencent's continued expansion into smartphone services.

Tencent
Tencent
has been credited as one of the world's most innovative companies by numerous media and firms such as Boston Consulting Group , rising rapidly in its Innovative Rankings.

In April 13, 2015, the market value of Tencent
Tencent
exceeded US$200 billion for the first time, hitting US$206 billion. On September 8, 2015, Tencent
Tencent
became the largest Internet
Internet
company in Asia by value after Alibaba Group
Alibaba Group
Holding Limited suffered a major drop ($141 billion over 10 months) in its share value.

In May 2017, Tencent's market value grew to USD$343 billion (HK$2.64 trillion), shortly after surpassing Wells Fargo
Wells Fargo
to enter the world's top 10 most valuable companies.

As of June 2017, Tencent
Tencent
became the 8th most valuable company in BrandZ 's Top 100 Most Valuable Global Brands, signalling its growing influence globally as well as the rise of Chinese brands. Alibaba overtook Tencent
Tencent
as Asia's most valuable company as its stocks surged after the company hosted its 2017 Investor's day. By the end of the month, the company has a market cap of USD$346 billion. The company has also developed its own voice assistant Xiaowei, and is in the midst of discussion to acquire Rovio Entertainment , the developer of Angry Birds
Angry Birds
.

In August 2017, Tencent's market value rose to USD$409.50 billion. It also became the second Asian company after Alibaba Group
Alibaba Group
to surpass USD$400 billion market cap.

Tencent
Tencent
has been actively investing in numerous companies and start-ups, creating a huge portfolio of investment and subsidiaries, ranging across multiple industries and areas.

CONTENTS

* 1 History

* 1.1 1998-2010: Founding, growth * 1.2 2011-2014: Early investments * 1.3 2015-2017: Recent investments

* 2 Game development * 3 Virtual goods * 4 Locations

* 5 Products and services

* 5.1 Virtual reality headsets * 5.2 iTQQ * 5.3 Multiplayer online games * 5.4 Music
Music
distribution * 5.5 PaiPai.com * 5.6 QQ Haiwai

* 5.7 QQ instant messenger

* 5.7.1 QQ International

* 5.8 QQLive * 5.9 QQ Show * 5.10 QQ Player * 5.11 Qzone
Qzone
* 5.12 SOSO * 5.13 Tencent Pictures * 5.14 Tencent Traveler
Tencent Traveler
* 5.15 Tencent Weibo * 5.16 Tencent Weiyun * 5.17 TenPay * 5.18 WeChat
WeChat

* 6 Subsidiaries

* 6.1 Tencent
Tencent
Technology (Shenzhen) Co Ltd

* 7 Controversy

* 7.1 Copying claims * 7.2 Anti-malware software cheating allegations * 7.3 Critics on King of Glory

* 8 See also * 9 References * 10 External links

HISTORY

1998-2010: FOUNDING, GROWTH

Tencent
Tencent
was founded by Ma Huateng , Zhang Zhidong , Xu Chenye, Chen Yidan and Zeng Liqing in November 1998 as Tencent
Tencent
Inc. Incorporated in the Cayman Islands
Cayman Islands
, initial funding was provided to it by venture capitalists . In February 1999, Tencent's iconic messenger product O ICQ
ICQ
released. Shortly after, Tencent
Tencent
had its name changed to QQ; this was said to be due to a lawsuit threat from ICQ
ICQ
and its owner AOL . The company remained unprofitable for the first three years. South African media company Naspers
Naspers
purchased a 46% share of Tencent in 2001. (As of 2014, it owns 34%. ) Tencent
Tencent
Holding Ltd was listed on the Hong Kong Stock Exchange
Hong Kong Stock Exchange
on 16 June 2004, and it was added as a Hang Seng Index Constituent Stock in 2008. The company originally derived income solely from advertising and premium users of QQ, who pay monthly fees to receive added extras. But by 2005, charging for use of QQ mobile, its cellular value-added service , and licensing its iconic penguin character, which could be found on snack food and clothing, had also become income generators. By 2008, Tencent
Tencent
was seeing profit growth from the sale of virtual goods . While Tencent's services have included online gaming since 2004, around 2007–2008 it rapidly increased its offerings by licensing games. While least two, CrossFire and Dungeon Fighter Online
Dungeon Fighter Online
, were originally produced by South Korean game developers, Tencent
Tencent
now makes its own games.

2011-2014: EARLY INVESTMENTS

On February 18, 2011, Tencent
Tencent
acquired a majority equity interest (92.78%) in Riot Games
Riot Games
, developer of League of Legends , for about USD 230 million. Tencent
Tencent
had already held 22.34% of the equity interest out of a previous investment in 2008. On the 16th December 2015, Riot Games
Riot Games
sold its remaining equity to Tencent
Tencent
Holdings. Tencent
Tencent
acquired a minority stake in Epic Games
Epic Games
, developer of franchises like Unreal , Gears of War and Infinity Blade , in June 2012. Tencent
Tencent
in 2013 increased its stake in Kingsoft Network Technology, a subsidiary of Kingsoft Corporation, to 18%. Tencent previously had a 15.68% stake in the company and raised the stake through a USD 46.98 million investment. Tencent
Tencent
took part in Activision Blizzard
Activision Blizzard
splitting from Vivendi
Vivendi
as a passive investor in 2013 and now owns about 5% of the shares as of 2016. On September 17, 2013, it was announced that Tencent
Tencent
had invested $448 million for a minority share in Chinese search engine Sogou.com
Sogou.com
, the subsidiary of Sohu
Sohu
, Inc.

On January 15, 2014, Tencent
Tencent
said it will invest HKD 1.5 billion (USD 193.45 million) in logistics and warehouse firm China
China
South City Holdings Ltd to develop its e-commerce and logistics business. On February 27, 2014, Tencent
Tencent
purchased a 20-percent stake in restaurant ratings and group buying website Dianping for $400 million. On March 10, 2014, Tencent
Tencent
bought a 15 percent stake in Chinese e-commerce website JD.com
JD.com
Inc. by paying cash and handing over its e-commerce businesses Paipai, QQ Wanggou and a stake in Yixun to JD.com
JD.com
to build a stronger competitor to Alibaba Group
Alibaba Group
Holding Ltd. On May 22, 2014, JD.com
JD.com
got listed on NASDAQ and Tencent
Tencent
expanded its stake in the company to 17.43% on a fully diluted basis by investing an additional USD 1,325 million. On March 27, 2014, it was announced that Tencent had agreed to pay about $500 million for a 28 percent stake in South Korea’s CJ Games. On June 27, 2014, Tencent
Tencent
announced that it had agreed to buy a 19.9 percent stake in Chinese e-commerce website 58.com (WUBA) Inc. for $736 million. On April 17, 2015, Tencent announced it has bought an additional $400 million worth of shares, rising its stake in the company to about 25%. On October 16, 2014, via its wholly held subsidiary Hongze Lake Investment Ltd, Tencent announced that it had bought a 7% stake in lottery technology firm China
China
LotSynergy Holdings Ltd for HKD 445.5 million (USD 57.4 million). On October 23, 2014, Tencent
Tencent
pitched in $145 million for a 10 percent stake in Koudai Gouwu, a Chinese mobile shopping portal. In November 2014, the company announced a deal with HBO
HBO
which would give it exclusive rights for distribution in China. On December 9, 2014, Chinese taxi-hailing app Didi Dache announced that it had raised more than $700 million in a funding round led by Tencent
Tencent
and Singaporean state investment firm Temasek Holdings.

2015-2017: RECENT INVESTMENTS

On January, 2015, Tencent
Tencent
launches WeBank (China) , China's first online-only bank. . On January 30, 2015, Tencent
Tencent
announced that it had signed a USD 700 million deal with the National Basketball Association to stream American basketball games in China. Later that year, Chinese automaker BYD became the chief corporate sponsor for Tencent's NBA broadcasts. On February 27, 2015, Tencent
Tencent
announced that it had acquired a minority stake in Robot Entertainment , the developer of the Orcs Must Die! series. On April 29, 2015, Tencent
Tencent
acquired a minority stake in Glu Mobile
Glu Mobile
, paying USD 126 million for 14.6 percent of the company. On May 13, 2015, Tencent
Tencent
acquired a minority stake in mobile developer Pocket Gems, acquiring 20 percent of the company for the price of USD 60 million. On June 21, 2016 Tencent
Tencent
announced a deal to acquire 84.3% of Supercell with USD 8.6 billion In July 2016, Tencent
Tencent
acquired a majority stake in China
China
Music
Music
Corporation. In 2016, Tencent, together with Foxconn
Foxconn
and luxury-car dealer Harmony New Energy Auto founded Future Mobility , a car startup that aims to sell all-electric fully autonomous premium cars in 2020. On March 28, 2017, Tesla, Inc.
Tesla, Inc.
announced Tencent
Tencent
had purchased a 5% stake in Tesla for USD 1.78 billion. The Wall Street Journal
Wall Street Journal
at the time called Tencent
Tencent
China's "most valuable company." In a "direct challenge to Chinese search engine Baidu
Baidu
," in May 2017 Tencent
Tencent
entered news feed and search functions for its WeChat
WeChat
app, which the Financial Times reported was used by 770 million people at the time.

In June 2017, Tencent
Tencent
began discussions to acquire Angry Birds creators Rovio Entertainment .

In July 2017, Tencent
Tencent
bought a 9% share in Frontier Developments , the creator of the Elite: Dangerous and Planet Coaster franchises; as well as developer for Rollercoaster Tycoon 2 "> In 2011, Tencent started hosting the game League of Legends . Tencent's mobile game Honor of Kings was the most downloaded app in the world on the IOS App Store in the first quarter of 2017.

VIRTUAL GOODS

Tencent
Tencent
sells virtual goods for use in their MMOs , its IM client, social networking sites, and for mobile phones. Income from the sale of virtual goods was a large proportion of Tencent's revenue in 2009.

Tencent's online currency, Q Coins, can be used to purchase virtual goods. These range from the offbeat, such as virtual pets and the virtual clothing, jewelry, and cosmetics needed to customize online-game avatars , to the more mundane, such as more storage space, wallpapers, bigger photo albums, and ring tones.

LOCATIONS

Tencent's headquarters are located in the Southern Hi-Tech Park District (Chinese : 新科技园 xīnkējìyuán) in Nanshan District , Shenzhen
Shenzhen
. Other sites include a 48,000 square meter compound that houses an R&D center in the Chengdu Hi-Tech Industrial Development Zone, a data and R Dungeon Fighter Online
Dungeon Fighter Online
, a side-scrolling online fighting game; QQ Fantasy, a 2D online game that incorporates elements from Chinese mythology; Xunxian, a 3D, online RPG ; QQ Three Kingdoms , an online casual role playing game set during the historical three kingdoms period; QQ Huaxia, an online RPG; QQ Dancer, an online musical dancing game that offers QQ IM interactivity; QQ Nanaimo, an online game set on a desert island where players maintain houses and pets; QQ Speed, a casual online racing game; QQ R2Beat, an online in-line skating game; QQ Tang, an "advanced casual game" with gameplay derived from Chinese literature; QQ PET, a QQ IM-based desktop virtual pet game and three online first-person shooters ; War of Zombie , CrossFire and AVA.

In 2017, April 21, Tencent
Tencent
announced the rebranding of its Chinese ' Tencent
Tencent
game platform' as WeGame , which will be going global in July 2017

MUSIC DISTRIBUTION

In 2014, Tencent
Tencent
established exclusive in- China
China
distribution agreements with several large music producers, including Sony
Sony
, Warner Music
Music
Group and YG Entertainment
YG Entertainment
and in 2017 it signed a deal with Universal Music
Music
Group to stream its music in China.

PAIPAI.COM

Launched on March 13, 2006, PaiPai.com (Chinese : 拍拍二手; pinyin : pāi pāi èr shǒu) was a C2C auction site. It was shut down on April 1, 2016 and the site redirects to JD.com
JD.com
.

QQ HAIWAI

haiwai.house.qq.com is Tencent's first venture into international real estate listings and information and is the result of a partnership with Chinese international real estate website Juwai.com . Haiwai was announced at Tencent's annual regional summit in Beijing on 21 December 2017.

QQ INSTANT MESSENGER

Main article: Tencent QQ

Launched in February 1999, and Tencent's most notable product, QQ is one of the most popular instant messaging platforms in its home market. As of December 31, 2010, there were 647.6 million active Tencent QQ IM user accounts, making Tencent QQ the world's largest online community at the time. The number of QQ accounts connected simultaneously has, at times, exceeded 100 million.

While the IM service is free, as of 2006 a fee was being charged for mobile messaging.

QQ International

An English version of QQ that allows communication with mainland accounts, QQi is available for Windows and Mac OSX.

QQLIVE

Main article: QQLive

A peer-to-peer distribution platform for streaming media.

QQ SHOW

An avatar-based social platform like Cyworld
Cyworld
, QQ Show facilitates purchasing virtual goods to outfit avatars , which can also be used with QQ IM.

QQ PLAYER

In 2008, Tencent
Tencent
released a media player, available for free download, under the name QQ Player.

QZONE

Main article: Qzone
Qzone

A social networking service, which as of 2008 became one of the largest company in China.

SOSO

Main article: Soso.com
Soso.com

Launched in March 2006, this search engine's name sounds like "Chinese : 搜搜", or "search search" in Chinese. It was a Chinese partner of Google
Google
, using AdWords
AdWords
.

TENCENT PICTURES

Main article: Tencent Pictures

TENCENT PICTURES (Chinese : 腾讯影业) is a Chinese film production company owned by Tencent. It has created film based on books , comic books , animated series and video games .

TENCENT TRAVELER

Abbreviated "TT" (TencentTraveler), this web browser developed by Tencent
Tencent
is based on Trident
Trident
and was the third most-used browser in China
China
c. 2008.

TENCENT WEIBO

Main article: Tencent Weibo

A Chinese microblogging service, Tencent Weibo competes with Sina Weibo .

TENCENT WEIYUN

A cloud storage service that offers 10 GB of free storage (until Jan 16, 2017 it was 1 TB ). It is available in English and Chinese, currently free version in Chinese only. Requires an SMS phone number for verification of account registration.

TENPAY

An online payment system similar to PayPal, it supports B2B , B2C , and C2C payments. In some Chinese cities individuals can use TenPay for utility payments and to refill their public transport cards. Co-branded credit cards are available, and credit card bills can also be paid using the service. Offline recharging of your TenPay account is possible, as the company sends employees to collect customer money in person.

Tencent
Tencent
was reported in 2017 to be working with China\'s Central Bank to develop a central payments clearing platform for online payments. If successful, this move would incur greater regulatory oversight.

WECHAT

Main article: WeChat
WeChat

WeChat
WeChat
is a social mobile application with voice and text messaging, timeline, and several social features like drift a bottle. It is the most popular social mobile application in China
China
and some overseas Chinese communities, for instance, Malaysia
Malaysia
. WeChat
WeChat
would like to have expanded more abroad but, as of 2017, WeChat
WeChat
was unsuccessful in penetrating major international markets outside of China.

SUBSIDIARIES

Tencent
Tencent
has at least four wholly foreign owned enterprises and nearly twenty subsidiaries.

TENCENT TECHNOLOGY (SHENZHEN) CO LTD

A software development unit that has created, among others, Tencent Traveler and later versions of QQ IM, as well as some mobile software . This subsidiary is located on the Southern District of Hi-Tech Park, Shenzhen
Shenzhen
. It also holds a number of patents related to instant messaging and massively multiplayer online game gaming.

CONTROVERSY

COPYING CLAIMS

Many of Tencent's software and services are remarkably similar to those of competitors. The founder and chairman , Huateng "Pony Ma" Ma , famously said, " copy is not evil." A former CEO and President of SINA.com
SINA.com
, Wang Zhidong
Wang Zhidong
, said, "Pony Ma is a notorious king of copying." Jack Ma
Jack Ma
of Alibaba Group
Alibaba Group
stated, "the problem in Tencent
Tencent
is no innovation; all things are copies."

As of 2009, the company held 400 patents.

ANTI-MALWARE SOFTWARE CHEATING ALLEGATIONS

In 2015, security testing firms AV-Comparatives , AV-TEST and Virus Bulletin jointly decided to remove Tencent
Tencent
from their software whitelists . The Tencent
Tencent
products supplied for testing were found to contain optimizations that made the software appear less exploitable when benchmarked but actually provided greater scope for delivering exploits. Additionally, software settings were detrimental to end-users protection if used. Qihoo was later also accused of cheating, while Tencent
Tencent
was accused of actively gaming the anti-malware tests.

CRITICS ON KING OF GLORY

People's Daily publishes article King of Glory: entertaining the public or framing the life and King of Glory: enhancing the restriction and monitoring on social games is in emergency on 3 and 4 July 2017 respectively. This caused Tencent's stake price falls 5% on the day.

SEE ALSO

* China
China
portal * Companies portal * Internet
Internet
portal

* Tencent Video * Tencent QQ * Tencent Weibo * Foxmail
Foxmail
* Pengyou * Qzone
Qzone
* List of virtual communities with more than 100 million users

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Opens Chengdu R&D Center JLM Pacific Epoch, Apr 09, 2009 * ^ Tencent\'s Tianjin R&D Center Ready in 2013 JLM Pacific Epoch, Mar 13, 2009 * ^ DI SCLOSEABLE TRANSACTI ON PURCHASE OF PROPERTY Archived 2010-01-02 at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
. 15 May 2008 * ^ https://www.wsj.com/articles/apple-spotify-face-upstart-rival-in-streaming-music-chinas-tencent-1481875174 * ^ Bradshaw, Tim (April 30, 2017). " Tencent
Tencent
poised to launch virtual reality headset". Financial Times
Financial Times
. Retrieved April 30, 2017. * ^ Products and Services > Interactive Entertainment Service Tencent
Tencent
official Site * ^ Tencent
Tencent
WeGame official site * ^ Tencent
Tencent
push WeGame, "platform + boutique content IP" * ^ Tencent
Tencent
UP2017: new WeGame platform on the assembly line, launching in July * ^ Carsten, Paul (December 16, 2014). "Tencent, Sony
Sony
strike China music distribution deal". Reuters
Reuters
. * ^ A B Products and Services, E-commerce
E-commerce
Tencent
Tencent
Official Site * ^ "腾讯“新房+后市场”业务闭环成形". qq.com. Tencent. Retrieved 1 May 2017. * ^ Tan, Su-Lin. "Australian Juwai.com and Chinese tech giant Tencent
Tencent
launch new property website". Australian Financial Review. Retrieved 1 May 2017. * ^ About Tencent
Tencent
Archived 2008-07-06 at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
. Tencent
Tencent
Official Site * ^ "腾讯QQ最新24小时在线数据". Im.qq.com. Retrieved 2011-01-14. * ^ The party, the people and the power of cyber-talk economist.com, Apr 27th 2006 * ^ "QQ International". Tencent. Retrieved November 23, 2012. * ^ Added">

Wikimedia Commons has media related to TENCENT .

* Official website * Tencent
Tencent
Holdings Limited

* v * t * e

Payment service providers

* Adyen
Adyen
* Align Commerce
Align Commerce
* Ant Financial * Atom * BillDesk * Braintree * Chase Paymentech * Clinkle * CNG Processing A/S * Dwolla * Flattr
Flattr
* Klarna
Klarna
* MobiKwik * Netbanx * Neteller * Ogone * Oxigen Services * Passport * PayDirect * Paymentwall
Paymentwall
* Payoneer * PayPal
PayPal
* PayPoint * Paysafe Group * Paytm
Paytm
* Payzone * POLi Payments * Qiwi * Red Dot Payment * Skrill
Skrill
* Square * Stripe * Tencent * TimesofMoney * VersaPay * WePay
WePay
* Wirecard
Wirecard
* Worldpay
Worldpay
* Xoom * Yandex.Money

* Category
Category
* List

* v * t * e

Tencent
Tencent

SERVICES

* Foxmail
Foxmail
* Joox
Joox

* KuGou

* KU Music
Music
Asian Music
Music
Awards

* QQ * QQLive

* QQ Music
Music

* QQ Music
Music
Awards

* Qzone
Qzone
* Soso * Tencent Video * WeChat
WeChat
(Red envelope )

VIDEO GAMING

* League of Legends * Sanguo * QQ Games
QQ Games
* Riot Games
Riot Games
* Supercell

PEOPLE

* Ma Huateng * Martin Lau

RELATED

* 360 v. Tencent
360 v. Tencent
* Tencent Pictures * Dungeon Fighter Online
Dungeon Fighter Online
* CrossFire * Alliance of Valiant Arms
Alliance of Valiant Arms

* v * t * e

League of Legends

* Riot Games
Riot Games
* Steve Feak * Tencent * Garena
Garena

RELATED ARTICLES

* v * t * e

Major Chinese Web portals

* Baidu.com * NetEase
NetEase
* Phoenix TV * Sina.com * Sohu.com * Tencent
Tencent
* TOM Online * R;background:none transparent;border:none;-moz-box-shadow:none;-webkit-box-shadow:none;box-shadow:none;">v

* t * e

Constituents of Hang Seng Index
Hang Seng Index

FINANCE

* HSBC
HSBC
Holdings * Hang Seng Bank
Hang Seng Bank
* Bank of E Asia * HKEx * CCB * AIA * ICBC * Ping An * BOC Hong Kong * China
China
Life * Bankcomm * Bank of China
Bank of China

UTILITIES

* CLP Holdings * HK border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px">

* Wharf Holdings * Henderson Land * SHK Ppt * New World Dev * Sino Land * Hang Lung Ppt * China
China
Overseas * Link REIT
Link REIT
* China
China
Res Land * CK Property
Property

Commerce
Commerce
and Industry
Industry

* CKH Holdings * Swire Pacific A * Galaxy Ent * MTR Corporation
MTR Corporation
* Kunlun Energy * China
China
Mer Port * Want Want China * Geely
Geely
Auto * CITIC * Cathay Pac Air * Sinopec
Sinopec
Corp * Tencent * China Unicom
China Unicom
* PetroChina
PetroChina
* CNOOC * China Mobile
China Mobile
* Lenovo
Lenovo
Group * Hengan Int\'l * China
China
Shenhua * Belle Int\'l * Sands China Ltd * AAC Tech (zh) * Mengniu Dairy

* v * t * e

Constituents of Hang Seng China 50 Index

A SHARES /H SHARES

FINANCE

* Agricultural Bank of China
Bank of China
* Bank of China
Bank of China
* Bank of Communications
Bank of Communications
* China CITIC Bank * China Construction Bank
China Construction Bank
* China Everbright Bank * China
China
Life Insurance * China Merchants Bank * China Minsheng Bank * China
China
Pacific Insurance * CITIC Securities * GF Securities * Guosen Securities
Guosen Securities
* Guotai Junan Securities * Haitong Securities * Industrial Bank * Industrial and Commercial Bank of China
Industrial and Commercial Bank of China
* People\'s Insurance Company of China
China
* PICC Property
Property
and Casualty * Ping An Bank * Ping An Insurance
Ping An Insurance
* Shanghai Pudong Development Bank * Shenwan Hongyuan

OTHER

* China Communications Construction Company * China
China
National Nuclear Power * China
China
Railway Construction Ltd. * China Railway Group Limited * China Telecom
China Telecom
* China
China
Shipbuilding Industry
Industry
Co., Ltd. * China Yangtze Power * CRRC * China
China
State Construction Ltd. * Daqin Railway * Gree Electric
Gree Electric
* Greenland Holdings * Hikvision
Hikvision
* Huaneng Power Intl. * Kweichow Moutai
Kweichow Moutai
* PetroChina
PetroChina
* SAIC Motor
SAIC Motor
* Shanghai Port * Shenhua Energy * Sinopec
Sinopec
* Vanke
Vanke

RED CHIP

* China Mobile
China Mobile
Limited * China Overseas Land and Investment * China Unicom
China Unicom
* CITIC Limited * CNOOC Limited
CNOOC Limited

OTHERS

* Tencent

* v * t * e

Web browsers

* Comparison

* lightweight

* History

* List

* for Unix

* Timeline * Usage share

FEATURES

* Ad filtering
Ad filtering
* Augmented browsing

* Bookmarks

* Bookmarklet
Bookmarklet
* Live bookmark * Smart Bookmarks
Smart Bookmarks

* Browser extension * Browser security

* Browser synchronizer

* comparison

* Cookies * Download manager * Favicon
Favicon
* Incremental search * Plug-in * Privacy mode
Privacy mode
* Tabs * Universal Edit Button
Universal Edit Button

WEB STANDARDS

* Acid tests * Cascading Style Sheets
Cascading Style Sheets
* HTML
HTML
* HTML5
HTML5
* JavaScript
JavaScript
* MathML * OCSP * SVG * WebGL
WebGL
* X HTML
HTML

RELATED TOPICS

* BrowserChoice.eu
BrowserChoice.eu
* CRL * HTTP * HTTPS
HTTPS
* iLoo * Internet
Internet
suite * Man-in-the-browser * Mobile Web
Mobile Web
* Offline reader * PAC * Pwn2Own * Rich Internet
Internet
application * Site-specific browser
Site-specific browser
* SPDY * SSL/TLS * WebSocket * Widget * World Wide Web
World Wide Web
* WPAD * XML
XML

DESKTOP

BLINK -BASED

* Chromium

* Brave * Chrome * Dragon * Opera * QupZilla * Sleipnir * Slimjet * SRWare Iron * UC Browser * Vivaldi * Yandex Browser
Yandex Browser
* Sputnik * SafeZone
SafeZone

GECKO -BASED

* ATborder-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;padding:0px">

* AOL
AOL
Explorer * Avant * Deepnet Explorer * GreenBrowser * Internet
Internet
Explorer * Lunascape * Maxthon
Maxthon
* MediaBrowser * MenuBox * NeoPlanet
NeoPlanet
* NetCaptor * SlimBrowser * SpaceTime * UltraBrowser * WebbIE * ZAC Browser

WEBKIT -BASED

* Arora * Avant * Dooble
Dooble
* Epic * Flock * Fluid * iCab * Konqueror
Konqueror
* Lunascape * Maxthon
Maxthon
* Midori * OmniWeb
OmniWeb
* Origyn Web Browser * Otter Browser
Otter Browser
* QtWeb * rekonq * Safari * Shiira
Shiira
* SlimBoat * surf * Torch * Uzbl
Uzbl
* Epiphany * WebPositive
WebPositive
* xombrero

TEXT -BASED

* ELinks
ELinks
* Emacs/W3
Emacs/W3
* Line Mode Browser * Links * Lynx * w3m

OTHER

* abaco * Amaya * Arachne * Arena * Charon * Dillo
Dillo
* eww * Gazelle * HotJava
HotJava
* IBM Home Page Reader * IBrowse * KidZui * Microsoft Edge
Microsoft Edge
* Mosaic * Mothra * NetPositive * NetSurf
NetSurf
* Pale Moon * Qihoo 360 Secure Browser

MOBILE

BLINK -BASED

* Android Browser
Android Browser

* Chromium

* Brave * Chrome for Android * Opera Mobile
Opera Mobile
* Silk

GECKO -BASED

* Firefox
Firefox
for Android * MicroB * Minimo
Minimo

PRESTO -BASED

* Opera Mini
Opera Mini

TRIDENT -BASED

* Maxthon
Maxthon

WEBKIT -BASED

* BOLT * Dolphin Browser * Chrome for iOS * Firefox
Firefox
for iOS * Maxthon
Maxthon
* Mercury Browser * Nokia Browser for Symbian
Nokia Browser for Symbian
* Rockmelt * Safari * Steel

OTHER

* Blazer * CM Browser
CM Browser
* Deepfish * ibisBrowser * Internet
Internet
Explorer Mobile * Iris Browser * Konqueror
Konqueror
Embedded * Microsoft Edge
Microsoft Edge
* NetFront * Nokia Xpress * Skweezer * Skyfire * Teashark * ThunderHawk * UC Browser * Vision * WinWAP

TELEVISION AND VIDEO GAME CONSOLE

GECKO -BASED

* Kylo

PRESTO -BASED

* Internet
Internet
Channel

WEBKIT -BASED

* Google
Google
TV * Nintendo
Nintendo
3DS Internet
Internet
Browser * Nintendo
Nintendo
DS border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;padding:0px">

* MSN TV
MSN TV

* Software no longer in development shown in italics

* Category
Category
* Commons * Internet
Internet
portal * Software portal

* v * t * e

News aggregators

Client software

STANDALONE

* Akregator * BlogBridge * FeedDemon * Feedreader * Flipboard * Genieo * Google
Google
Currents * Google
Google
Play Newsstand * Liferea
Liferea
* NetNewsWire * NewsAccess * Newsbeuter * NewsFire * QuiteRSS * RSS Bandit * RSSOwl * Seesmic * WebFetch

WEB BROWSERS

* AOL
AOL
Explorer * Avant Browser * Camino * iCab * Flock * Internet
Internet
Explorer * K-Meleon
K-Meleon
* Kazehakase * Maxthon
Maxthon
* Firefox
Firefox
* Netscape Browser
Netscape Browser
* Netscape Navigator 9
Netscape Navigator 9
* OmniWeb
OmniWeb
* Pale Moon * Safari * SeaMonkey
SeaMonkey
* Shiira
Shiira
* Sleipnir * Tencent Traveler
Tencent Traveler
* Vivaldi * Web

EMAIL CLIENTS

* Claws Mail * Gnus
Gnus
* IBM Lotus Notes * Mail * Microsoft Outlook
Microsoft Outlook
* Mozilla Thunderbird
Mozilla Thunderbird
* Netscape Messenger 9 * Opera Mail * Pegasus Mail * The Bat!
The Bat!
* Windows Live Mail * Zimbra
Zimbra

WEB BROWSER PLUGINS

* Cooliris * Sage

Web-based software and mobile

* Bloglines * CommaFeed
CommaFeed
* Cheetah News * Daylife * Digg Reader * Drupal
Drupal
* Feedbin * Feedly
Feedly
* FriendFeed * Google
Google
News * Google
Google
Reader * i Google
Google
* dotCMS * Imooty.eu * Magnolia (CMS) * My Yahoo!
Yahoo!
* News360 * NewsBlur
NewsBlur
* Newsknowledge * Netvibes * Pageflakes * Planet * Pulse * Rojo.com * Prismatic (app) * Spokeo * The Old Reader * Tiny Tiny RSS
Tiny Tiny RSS
* TweetDeck * WebGUI * Windows Live Personalized Experience * winnowTag

Media aggregators

PODCATCHER

* Adobe Media Player
Adobe Media Player
* Akregator * Amarok * Flock * iTunes * Juice * MediaMonkey
MediaMonkey
* Miro * Rhythmbox * Songbird * Winamp
Winamp
* Zune
Zune

RSS+BITTORRENT

* BitLord * BitTorrent 6 * Deluge * Miro * Opera Mail * qBittorrent * TorrentFlux * Tribler
Tribler
* μTorrent * Vuze

Related articles

* Comparison of feed aggregators * History of Media aggregation * RSS enclosure

Italics indicate discontinued software.

* v * t * e

Major information technology companies

* Largest IT companies * Largest Internet
Internet
companies * Largest software companies

Consulting and outsourcing

* Accenture
Accenture
* Atos
Atos
* Booz Allen Hamilton
Booz Allen Hamilton
* BMC Software
BMC Software
* BT Global Services
BT Global Services
* CACI
CACI
* Capgemini
Capgemini
* CGI Group
CGI Group
* Cognizant
Cognizant
* Deloitte
Deloitte
* Digital China * DXC Technology
DXC Technology
* Fujitsu
Fujitsu
* HCL Technologies
HCL Technologies
* Hitachi Consulting
Hitachi Consulting
* IBM Global Services
IBM Global Services
* Indra Sistemas * Infosys
Infosys
* Infor
Infor
* KPMG
KPMG
* Leidos
Leidos
* NEC
NEC
* NTT DATA * Orange Business Services
Orange Business Services
* T-Systems * Tata Consultancy Services
Tata Consultancy Services
* Tech Mahindra
Tech Mahindra
* Unisys
Unisys
* Wipro
Wipro

IMAGING

* Canon Inc.
Canon Inc.
* HP Inc.
HP Inc.
* Eastman Kodak
Kodak
* Fujifilm * Konica Minolta
Konica Minolta
* Kyocera
Kyocera
* Lexmark
Lexmark
* Nikon
Nikon
* Olympus Corporation
Olympus Corporation
* Panasonic
Panasonic
* Ricoh
Ricoh
( Pentax
Pentax
) * Samsung Electronics
Samsung Electronics
* Seiko Epson * Sharp * Sony
Sony
* Toshiba
Toshiba
* Xerox
Xerox

INFORMATION STORAGE

* ADATA * Dell Technologies
Dell Technologies
* Dell EMC
Dell EMC
* Fujitsu
Fujitsu
* Hitachi Data Systems
Hitachi Data Systems
* Hewlett Packard Enterprise
Hewlett Packard Enterprise
* IBM
IBM
* Kingston Technology * LenovoEMC
LenovoEMC
* NetApp
NetApp
* Oracle Corporation
Oracle Corporation
* Plextor
Plextor
* Samsung Electronics
Samsung Electronics
* Seagate Technology
Seagate Technology
* Silicon Power * Sony
Sony
* Toshiba
Toshiba
* Transcend Information
Transcend Information
* Western Digital
Western Digital
( SanDisk
SanDisk
)

INTERNET

* Baidu
Baidu
* Facebook
Facebook
* Google
Google
* IAC/InterActiveCorp * Microsoft
Microsoft
* Naver * NetEase
NetEase
* Netflix
Netflix
* Oath * Tencent * Twitter
Twitter
* Uber * Vox Media
Vox Media
* Yandex
Yandex

CLOUD COMPUTING

* Akamai Technologies
Akamai Technologies
* Amazon Web Services
Amazon Web Services
* Google
Google
* IBM
IBM
* Microsoft
Microsoft
* Oracle Corporation
Oracle Corporation
* Rackspace
Rackspace
* Salesforce.com
Salesforce.com

E-COMMERCE ONLY

* Alibaba Group
Alibaba Group
* Amazon.com
Amazon.com
* eBay * Flipkart
Flipkart
* Groupon
Groupon
* JD.com
JD.com
* Shopify
Shopify
* Rakuten

MAINFRAMES

* Fujitsu
Fujitsu
* IBM
IBM

MOBILE DEVICES

* Acer Inc.
Acer Inc.
* Amazon.com
Amazon.com
* Apple * Asus
Asus
* BBK Electronics
BBK Electronics
(OPPO , OnePlus
OnePlus
, Vivo ) * BlackBerry Limited
BlackBerry Limited
* Hisense
Hisense
* HTC
HTC
* Huawei
Huawei
* I-Mobile
I-Mobile
* Karbonn Mobiles * Lava Mobiles (XOLO ) * Lenovo
Lenovo
( Motorola Mobility
Motorola Mobility
) * LG Electronics
LG Electronics
* Meizu
Meizu
* Micromax Informatics ( YU Televentures ) * Microsoft
Microsoft
* Nokia
Nokia
* Panasonic
Panasonic
* Samsung * Sony
Sony
* TCL Corporation
TCL Corporation
* True * Xiaomi
Xiaomi
* ZTE
ZTE

NETWORKING EQUIPMENT

* Avaya
Avaya
* Cisco Systems
Cisco Systems
* Ericsson
Ericsson
* Fujitsu
Fujitsu
* Hewlett Packard Enterprise
Hewlett Packard Enterprise
* Huawei
Huawei
* Juniper Networks
Juniper Networks
* Motorola Solutions
Motorola Solutions
* NEC
NEC
* Nokia
Nokia
* Qualcomm
Qualcomm
* ZTE
ZTE

OEMS

* Celestica
Celestica
* Compal Electronics
Compal Electronics
* Flextronics
Flextronics
* Foxconn
Foxconn
* Jabil * Pegatron
Pegatron
* Quanta * Sanmina Corporation * TPV Technology * Wistron Corporation

Personal computers and servers

* Acer Inc.
Acer Inc.
* Apple Inc.
Apple Inc.
* Asus
Asus
* Dell * Fujitsu
Fujitsu
* HP Inc.
HP Inc.
* Lenovo
Lenovo
* LG Electronics
LG Electronics
* NEC
NEC
* Panasonic
Panasonic
* Positivo * Samsung Electronics
Samsung Electronics
* Toshiba
Toshiba

SERVERS ONLY

* Cisco Systems
Cisco Systems
* Hewlett Packard Enterprise
Hewlett Packard Enterprise
* IBM
IBM
* Inspur
Inspur
* Oracle Corporation
Oracle Corporation

FINANCIAL TECHNOLOGY

* Euronet Worldwide * FIS * PayPal
PayPal
* Fiserv
Fiserv
* Jack Henry * SWIFT * Square

POINT OF SALE

* Casio
Casio
* NCR * Panasonic
Panasonic
* Samsung Electronics
Samsung Electronics
* Seiko Epson * Sharp * Star Micronics * Toshiba
Toshiba
* Wincor Nixdorf
Wincor Nixdorf

SEMICONDUCTORS

* Advanced Micro Devices
Advanced Micro Devices
* Broadcom
Broadcom
* Fujitsu
Fujitsu
* Infineon Technologies
Infineon Technologies
* Integrated Micro-Electronics, Inc.
Integrated Micro-Electronics, Inc.
* Intel
Intel
* LG Electronics
LG Electronics
* Marvell Technology Group
Marvell Technology Group
* MediaTek
MediaTek
* Micron Technology
Micron Technology
* Nvidia
Nvidia
* NXP Semiconductors
NXP Semiconductors
(Freescale ) * ON Semiconductor
ON Semiconductor
* Panasonic
Panasonic
* Qualcomm
Qualcomm
* Renesas Electronics
Renesas Electronics
* Samsung Electronics
Samsung Electronics
* SK Hynix
SK Hynix
* Sony
Sony
* STMicroelectronics
STMicroelectronics
* Texas Instruments
Texas Instruments
* Toshiba
Toshiba
* VIA Technologies

FOUNDRIES

* GlobalFoundries
GlobalFoundries
* TSMC
TSMC
* United Microelectronics Corporation
United Microelectronics Corporation
* SMIC

EQUIPMENT

* Applied Materials * KLA-Tencor * Lam Research * Tokyo Electron

SOFTWARE

* Adobe Systems
Adobe Systems
* Amadeus IT Group
Amadeus IT Group
* Apple Inc.
Apple Inc.
* Autodesk
Autodesk
* BMC Software
BMC Software
* CA Technologies
CA Technologies
* FIS * Google
Google
* Hewlett Packard Enterprise
Hewlett Packard Enterprise
* IBM
IBM
* Intuit
Intuit
* Infor
Infor
* Microsoft
Microsoft
* Oracle Corporation
Oracle Corporation
* Sage Group * SAP SE
SAP SE
* Symantec
Symantec
* VMware
VMware

Telecommunications services

* América Móvil
América Móvil
* ATborder-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px">

* Amadeus IT Group
Amadeus IT Group
* Sabre Corporation * Travelport
Travelport

VIDEO GAMES

* Activision Blizzard
Activision Blizzard
* Atari * Bandai Namco * Capcom‎ * Electronic Arts * Epic Games
Epic Games
* LucasArts
LucasArts
* Koei Tecmo
Koei Tecmo
* Konami
Konami
* NCsoft
NCsoft
* Nexon
Nexon
* Nintendo
Nintendo
* Sega
Sega
* Sony
Sony
* Square Enix
Square Enix
* Take-Two Interactive
Take-Two Interactive
* Tencent * Ubisoft
Ubisoft
* Warner Bros.

METHODOLOGY: FY2014/15 APPLICABLE REVENUES OF OVER: GROUP 1-3, 6-12 - US$3 BILLION; GROUP 4 - US$2 BILLION; GROUP 5,13,16 - US$1 BILLION

* v * t * e

Video hosting services in China
China

WITH DANMAKU COMMENTS

* AcFun
AcFun
* Bilibili * PPTV
PPTV
* iQiyi * Le (LeTV) * Sohu
Sohu
Video * Tencent Video (QQ) * Tudou
Tudou
* Youku
Youku

WITHOUT DANMAKU COMMENTS

* 56.com
56.com
* CNTV * Wasu TV * Ku6.com * 6.cn * Mango TV * PPS.tv
PPS.tv
* Sina Video * Kankan.com

ONLINE STREAMING

* Douyu.com * Huya.com * Huomao.com * Longzhu.com * Quanmin.tv * Panda.tv * Zhanqi.tv

* v * t * e

File
File
hosting services

* Amazon Cloud Drive
Amazon Cloud Drive
* Box * CloudMe * Dropbox * FileDropper * FileServe * Google
Google
Drive * Handy Backup * IBM
IBM
Connections * iCloud * Infinit * Jumpshare * MagicVortex * MediaFire * Mega * OneDrive
OneDrive
* Pogoplug * SpiderOak * SugarSync * Tencent Weiyun * Titan File
File
* Tresorit
Tresorit
* WeTransfer * Yandex
Yandex
Disk

Category
Category
Comparison of file hosting

.