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The Temple of Debod[1] (Spanish: Templo de Debod) is an ancient Egyptian temple
Egyptian temple
that was dismantled and rebuilt in Madrid, Spain.

Temple of Debod
Temple of Debod
in Egypt before relocation to Spain.

The shrine was originally erected 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) south of Aswan[2] in Upper Egypt, very close to the first cataract of the Nile and to the great religious center in Philae
Philae
dedicated to the goddess Isis. In the early 2nd century BC, Adikhalamani
Adikhalamani
(Tabriqo), the Kushite king of Meroë, started its construction by building a small single-room chapel dedicated to the god Amun.[2] It was built and decorated in a similar design to the later Meroitic chapel on which the Temple of Dakka
Temple of Dakka
is based.[2] Later, during the reigns of Ptolemy VI, Ptolemy VIII, and Ptolemy XII
Ptolemy XII
of the Ptolemaic dynasty, it was extended on all four sides to form a small temple, 12 by 15 metres (39 ft × 49 ft), which was dedicated to Isis
Isis
of Philae. The Roman emperors Augustus
Augustus
and Tiberius
Tiberius
completed its decorations.[3] From the quay, there is a long processional way leading to the stone-built enclosure wall, through three stone pylon gateways, and finally to the temple itself.[2] The pronaos, which had four columns with composite capitals, collapsed in 1868 and is now lost.[2] Behind it lay the original sanctuary of Amun, the offering table room and a later sanctuary with several side-rooms and stairs to the roof.[2]

The current Temple of Debod
Temple of Debod
in Madrid.

In 1960, due to the construction of the Aswan
Aswan
High Dam and the consequent threat posed by its reservoir to numerous monuments and archeological sites, UNESCO
UNESCO
made an international call to save this rich historical legacy.[4][5] As a sign of gratitude for the help provided by Spain
Spain
in saving the Abu Simbel temples, the Egyptian state donated the temple of Debod to Spain
Spain
in 1968. The temple was rebuilt in one of Madrid's parks, the Parque del Oeste, near the Royal Palace of Madrid, and opened to the public in 1972.[6] The reassembled gateways have been placed in a different order than when originally erected. Compared to a photo of the original site, the gateway topped by a serpent-flanked sun was not the closest gateway to the temple proper.[7] It constitutes one of the few works of ancient Egyptian architecture that can be seen outside Egypt and the only one of its kind in Spain.

Contents

1 See also 2 References 3 Further reading 4 External links

See also[edit]

Luxor Temple

The four temples donated to countries assisting the relocation are:

Temple of Debod
Temple of Debod
(Madrid, Spain) Temple of Dendur
Temple of Dendur
(Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, United States) Temple of Taffeh
Temple of Taffeh
( Rijksmuseum van Oudheden
Rijksmuseum van Oudheden
in Leiden, the Netherlands) Temple of Ellesyia
Temple of Ellesyia
(Museo Egizio, Turin, Italy)

References[edit]

^ Other spellings: Debot, Debout, Dabod or Dabud ^ a b c d e f Dieter Arnold, Nigel Strudwick & Sabine Gardiner, The Encyclopaedia of Ancient Egyptian Architecture, I.B. Tauris Publishers, 2003. p.64 ^ Dieter Arnold, Temples of the Last Pharaohs, Oxford University Press, 1999. p.193 ^ Monuments of Nubia-International Campaign to Save the Monuments of Nubia World Heritage Committee, UNESCO ^ The Rescue of Nubian Monuments and Sites, UNESCO ^ Arnold, Temples of the Last Pharaohs, p.193 ^ "The Temple of Dabod, Nubia". NYPL Digital Collections. Retrieved 2018-02-24. 

Further reading[edit]

Burckhardt, John Lewis (1819). "Temple of Debot - A Journey along the Banks of the Nile". Travels in Nubia:. London: John Murray. pp. 126–128. Retrieved 21 July 2012.  Jambrina, C. (2000) «El viaje del templo de Debod a España». Historia 16, 286. Jaramago, M. (1986) «Dioses leones en el templo de Debod». Revista de Arqueología, 65 Jaramago, M. (1988) «El templo de Debod: factores de degradación». Revista de Arqueología, 88 Jaramago. M. (1991) «¿Un Mammisi en el templo de Debod?». Boletín de la Asociación Española de Egiptología, 3: 183-187 Jaramago. M. (1994) «Sobre el origen ramésida del santuario de Amón en Debod». Estudios de Prehistoria y Arqueología Madrileñas, 9: 153-154 Jaramago, M. (1998) «El templo de Debod. Bosquejo histórico de un "monumento madrileño"». Historia 16, 265 Jaramago, M. (1998) «El templo de Debod: recientes investigaciones». En: Egipto, 200 años de investigación arqueológica. Ed. Zugarto. Jaramago, M. (2004) «La capilla de Adikhalamani
Adikhalamani
en Debod: una interpretación política». Boletín de la Asociación Española de Orientalistas, 40: 123-133 Jaramago, M. (2008) «El templo de Debod, una muerte agónica». Muy Historia, 15 (enero de 2008), p. 85. Martín Valentín, Francisco J.; Federico Lara Peinado; Santiago Montero; Teresa Bedman; Alfonso Martín Flores. Debod: Tres décadas de historia en Madrid
Madrid
(in Spanish). Madrid, Spain: Museo de San Isidro. ISBN 84-7812-513-2. OCLC 48550861.  Molinero Polo, M.A. y Martín Flores, A. (2007) «Le naos de Ptolémée XII pour Amon de Debod». En: Goyon, J.-C. y Cardin, Ch. (eds.) Proceedings of the Ninth International Congress of Egyptologists. Orientalia Lovanensia Analecta, 150(2): 1311-1325 Priego, C. y Martin, A. (1992) Templo de Debod. Madrid: Ayuntamiento de Madrid. 67 págs. Real Academia de la Historia. (2007) «Declaración de Bien de Interés Cultural del Templo de Debod (Madrid)». En: Informes oficiales aprobados por la Real Academia de la Historia. Boletín de la RAH, 204(2): 137-138. Roeder, Günther (1911). Debod bis Bab Kalabsche (in German). Caire: Institut français d'archéologie orientale.  Series of pictures of the temple of Debod taken in 1911.

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Temple of Debod.

Madrid
Madrid
City Council: Templo de Debod. official website (in Spanish) Debod Temple: Official Virtual tour 19th century travellers' descriptions and prints of the Debod temple Vídeo: Templo de Debod. Joya de Egipto en M

.