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TELFORD /ˈtɛlfərd/ ( listen ) is a large new town in the borough of Telford and Wrekin
Telford and Wrekin
and ceremonial county of Shropshire
Shropshire
, England, about 13 miles (21 km) east of Shrewsbury
Shrewsbury
, and 30 miles (48 km) north west of Birmingham
Birmingham
. With an estimated population (for the borough) of 170,300 in 2010 and around 155,000 in Telford
Telford
itself, Telford
Telford
is the largest town in Shropshire, and one of the fastest-growing towns in the United Kingdom.

It is named after civil engineer Thomas Telford , who engineered many road and rail projects in Shropshire. The town was put together in the 1960s and 1970s as a new town on previously industrial and agricultural land and smaller towns. Like other planned towns of the era, Telford
Telford
was created from the merger of other, smaller settlements, most notably the towns of Wellington , Oakengates , Madeley and Dawley . Many of the New Town's newer inhabitants were originally from Birmingham
Birmingham
or Wolverhampton .

Telford Shopping Centre , a modern shopping mall, was constructed at the new town's geographical centre, along with an extensive Town Park . The M54 motorway was completed in 1983, improving the town's road links with the West Midlands conurbation
West Midlands conurbation
.

On Telford's southern boundaries is the Ironbridge Gorge
Ironbridge Gorge
, a scenic tourist destination and UNESCO World Heritage Site
UNESCO World Heritage Site
. The town advertises itself as "The Birthplace of Industry", due to it having Coalbrookdale
Coalbrookdale
and other places in the Ironbridge Gorge
Ironbridge Gorge
area, within its boundary. These areas are internationally recognised as being important to the Industrial Revolution
Industrial Revolution
, and being to a large extent constructed on the Shropshire
Shropshire
Coalfield.

CONTENTS

* 1 History

* 1.1 Early history * 1.2 Modern history

* 2 Geography * 3 Governance * 4 Demography * 5 Economy * 6 Landmarks * 7 Education * 8 Transport * 9 Notable people * 10 Sport * 11 Closest cities, towns and villages * 12 References * 13 External links

HISTORY

EARLY HISTORY

Sunnycroft
Sunnycroft
near Wellington

Early settlement in the area was thought to be on the land that sloped up from the Weald Moors (an area north of the town centre) towards the line along which the Roman Watling Street was built. Farmland surrounded three large estates in the 10th century, namely Wellington , Wrockwardine and Lilleshall .

From the 13th century there was urban development in Wellington and Madeley , where Wenlock Priory founded a new town. Six monastic houses, founded in the 11th and 12th centuries, had large interests in the area's economic growth. They collectively acquired almost half of the area, and profited from coal and ironstone mines and iron smithies on their estates.

MODERN HISTORY

The Beatties department store at the west end of Telford Shopping Centre , which was renamed House of Fraser in early 2007. Telford
Telford
Plaza in Telford
Telford
Town Centre.

The New Town was first designated on 16 January 1963 as DAWLEY NEW TOWN, covering 9,100 acres (37 km2) of Dawley , Wenlock , Oakengates , Wellington Rural District and Shifnal Rural District . Development started, guided by the Dawley New Town Development Corporation, with the first homes on the new Sutton Hill housing estate being occupied in 1967. Initial planning and design concepts for Dawley New Town were produced by the Birmingham-based John Madin Design Group .

The Minister proposed an extension of 12,000 acres (49 km2) in 1968 (taking in the historic area of Ironbridge Gorge
Ironbridge Gorge
), which saw objections and a public inquiry take place. The Dawley New Town (Designation) Amendment (Telford) Order was made on 29 November 1968, extending the New Town area by 10,143 acres (41.05 km2) of "land lying within the urban districts of Oakengates and Wellington and the rural districts of Shifnal and Wellington". This Order also renamed the new town Telford, after the Scottish-born civil engineer Thomas Telford who, in 1787, became Surveyor of Public Works for Shropshire. Other suggested names at the time were Dawelloak and Wrekin Forest City.

Most of the infrastructure was constructed from the late 1960s and throughout the 1970s with the major housing and commercial development occurring over three decades up to the early 1990s when the Development Corporation was wound up to be replaced by Commission for the New Towns, later English Partnerships, and most of the property was handed over to the then Wrekin District Council. Telford
Telford
was now 25 years old and was firmly established as one of the most important towns in the region.

In 1983, after fierce opposition and three public enquiries, the M54 motorway was completed, connecting the town to the M6 and thence the rest of the UK's motorway network. Other major roads are the A5 , A518 and A442 , which is commonly known as the Eastern Primary or EP, and is officially branded Queensway.

Many of the new town's residents were originally from the West Midlands conurbation , which includes Wolverhampton , Birmingham, Dudley
Dudley
and Walsall
Walsall
. The vast majority of the council house tenants in Telford
Telford
were rehoused from inner city Birmingham. Some individuals still refuse to put Telford
Telford
in their address, instead using the original local name (such as Wellington or Dawley ) and often citing the existence of Town Councils as support for the argument "you can't live in a town in a town," e.g. Wellington(Town) Telford(Town). The new town's residents who arrived in the 1960s and 1970s earned the unwanted nickname "overspill" from people living in the existing towns and villages.

In 2007, a £250 million regeneration plan for the town centre was announced, which will include the pedestrianisation of the road surrounding the shopping centre, and the creation of new cafés, bars and shops which will lead to 1,750 new jobs. The reason for this expansion is that the original "centre" was only ever a shopping place with no real heart (See Shropshire
Shropshire
Star 3 June 2004). Since the "centre" closed early evening, there was no nightlife at all in the area, the only major local entertainment areas being in Oakengates and Wellington.

The first phase of the town centre development, named Southwater, was completed in 2014. The official opening ceremony on 18 October 2014 included live music and fireworks. The area comprises a refurbished library, various chain restaurants, Cineworld IMAX Cinema, bowling alley/arcade and a new multi-storey car park.

GEOGRAPHY

The Wrekin overlooks the town

Telford
Telford
town centre lies about 21 kilometres (13 mi) east/south-east of Shrewsbury
Shrewsbury
and 24 kilometres (15 mi) north-west of Wolverhampton . The town comprises 7,803 hectares (30.13 square miles) and its southern and eastern parts, between the Severn Gorge and Donnington Wood , include the East Shropshire
Shropshire
coalfield. North and north-west Telford
Telford
lie beyond the coalfield's boundary fault on sandstone beds which, along with other Triassic
Triassic
formations, prevail over much of the North Shropshire
Shropshire
plain. The town centre stands on a watershed, with land to the south draining towards the River Severn
River Severn
, and to the north the land slopes gently down towards the Weald Moors. The town is dominated by the Wrekin , a large hill of 407 m (1335 ft), located south-west of Wellington, straddling the border with the unitary Shropshire
Shropshire
Council (before the latter's creation in 2009 the borough of Shrewsbury
Shrewsbury
and Atcham ).

GOVERNANCE

Ward map; Telford
Telford
urban area highlighted in orange, within the Telford and Wrekin
Telford and Wrekin
borough. For more information on Parish divisions, see list of civil parishes in Shropshire
Shropshire
.

Within the borough of Telford
Telford
"> The town is also divided into Wards, within the Telford and Wrekin
Telford and Wrekin
borough. These are used for electoral purposes and demographic surveys. Telford
Telford
was created politically – but its attempts to make a cohesive town from the fusion of other independent, smaller towns: Wellington , Madeley , Hadley , Oakengates , Dawley , Ironbridge
Ironbridge
and Donnington have largely been successful. Despite this, the town has much clearer divisions than in other older towns, such as nearby Shrewsbury, which have developed into one consolidated urban area over time. Some small settlements to the south such as a part of Ironbridge
Ironbridge
and Broseley , while part of the Telford Urban Area, are administered by Shropshire
Shropshire
Council .

Telford
Telford
is the only settlement within the Telford
Telford
parliamentary constituency , which was held by Labour from its creation in 1997 until the 2015 General Election. The current MP is Lucy Allan (Conservative). Some suburbs, such as Wellington, are located in The Wrekin , which has varying support between the Conservatives and Labour, due to its mix of rural and urban (Newport ) areas. Conservative Mark Pritchard was reelected as MP in 2015. Telford
Telford
is administratively part of the West Midlands region .

DEMOGRAPHY

M54 (B\'HAM ) -> Former WBC super middleweight champion boxer Richie Woodhall , grew up in Woodside, Telford . Professional footballer Elliott Bennett grew up in Telford, while fellow professionals Danny Guthrie and Connor Goldson both attended Thomas Telford
Telford
School in Telford. Professional darts player Ted Hankey resides in Telford
Telford
as does folk musician Mark Rousseau. Since 1991 education expert Professor Steve Molyneux has resided in Telford
Telford
where he was Mayor of Oakengates from 2003-2007. David Brown from Boyinaband is also from Telford.

Paul Blackthorne , who plays Detective Lance in the DC TV series Arrow , was born in Wellington . Stewart Lee
Stewart Lee
, English stand-up comedian, writer, director and musician, was born in Wellington .

SPORT

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Telford
Telford
is home to a variety of established amateur, semi-pro and professional sports clubs.

AFC Telford
Telford
United Football Club are currently playing in the National League North having been relegated from the Conference Premier at the end of the 2014–15 season.

AFC Telford's achievements include Best Shropshire
Shropshire
Senior Cup Performance: Final – 3 Times, and Promotion to Conference North in 2007, after beating Witton Albion in the play-offs 3-1. Also, they won the Setanta Shield Trophy by beating Forest Green Rovers on penalties in 2009. They were formed in 2004 on the bankruptcy of the previous Telford
Telford
United club, who had competed in the Football Conference – the highest level of football outside the professional league – for 25 years since its inception in 1979 as the Alliance Premier League and were winners of the FA Trophy on three occasions.

Ice hockey in the town is represented by 2 teams. One is the Telford Tigers, an English Premier League (EPL or EPIHL) ice hockey team originally formed in 1985. The other are the Telford Titans , an ENL Team, which represents development hockey feeding from the excellent youth development and were last year crowned league champions.

There have been many American football
American football
teams in the town, although presently Shropshire
Shropshire
Revolution a British American Football League , founded in 2006, is the only club in the town and the county of Shropshire. Previous clubs include Wrekin Giants (1985–1989), Shropshire
Shropshire
Giants (1989), and Cannock Chase Giants (1989-1993/4).

Telford Raiders are the town's Rugby League club, although there have been other Rugby League Clubs in Telford
Telford
historically, such as the Telford
Telford
All Blacks and Shropshire
Shropshire
Scorpions. Telford
Telford
Hornets represent the town at Rugby Union.

Shropshire
Shropshire
Warriors Basketball Club play at Telford
Telford
College of Art and Technology (TCAT).

Telford
Telford
also hosted the UK Snooker Championship , from 2007 to 2010. The championship moved from York
York
in 2007 but returned to the refurbished Barbican Centre in York
York
since 2011.

The Shropshire
Shropshire
Golf Centre is located near Muxton , to the northeast of Telford. This has three nine-hole courses, a 13-hole par three academy course and driving range. Other courses include the Municipal course at Horsehay, The Wrekin Golf Club and Telford
Telford
Golf and Country Club.

There are also several local cricket clubs, many of whom compete in local leagues and some in the Birmingham
Birmingham
league. The largest of these is Wellington where many Shropshire
Shropshire
County matches are also played but St Georges, Madeley and Lilleshall also run cricket clubs in or on the outskirts of the town.

CLOSEST CITIES, TOWNS AND VILLAGES

‹ The template below (Geographic location ) is being considered for deletion. See templates for discussion to help reach a consensus. ›

DESTINATIONS FROM TELFORD

Shawbury , Wem , Oswestry , Wellington Whitchurch , Market Drayton Lilleshall , Newport , STAFFORD

SHREWSBURY , Welshpool

Shifnal , Albrighton , Cannock

TELFORD

Much Wenlock , Church Stretton , Ludlow
Ludlow
Broseley , Bridgnorth
Bridgnorth
WOLVERHAMPTON , Walsall
Walsall
, Dudley
Dudley
, West Bromwich , BIRMINGHAM

REFERENCES

* ^ Telford and Wrekin
Telford and Wrekin
population estimates, 2011 https://www.telford.gov.uk/downloads/file/3825/telford_and_wrekin_population_estimates_and_projections_2011 * ^ " Telford
Telford
Town Centre". Archived from the original on 7 July 2007. Retrieved 2 October 2007. * ^ Poulton-Smith, Anthony (2009). Shropshire
Shropshire
Place Names. Stroud: The History Press. p. 137. ISBN 978-0-7524-4889-3 . * ^ A B C D "History of Telford". British History Online. Retrieved 21 March 2008. * ^ London
London
Gazette. 18 January 1963. * ^ London
London
Gazette. 13 December 1963. * ^ "30 years on - how opening of M54 brought new dawn for Shropshire". Shropshire
Shropshire
Star. 25 November 2013. Retrieved 29 April 2016. * ^ "BBC Shropshire
Shropshire
– Redevelopment scheme unveiled". BBC News. 19 October 2007. Retrieved 19 October 2007. * ^ "Telford\'s Southwater opening schedule is unveiled". Shropshire
Shropshire
Star. 13 March 2014. Retrieved 14 December 2015. * ^ "Southwater Grand Opening". Telford
Telford
Shopping Centre. 2014. Retrieved 14 December 2015. * ^ "Rotary Club of The Wrekin". D1210.org. 31 March 2008. Retrieved 28 June 2009. * ^ Dept. of Econ. Affairs, The W. Midlands: a regional study (1965), 3–4, 84. * ^ "Association of Public Health Observatories – Health Profiles" (PDF). Communityhealthprofiles.info. 11 June 2008. Retrieved 28 June 2009. * ^ "Neighbourhood Statistics – Telford
Telford
& Wrekin". Retrieved 10 March 2008. * ^ "Neighbourhood Statistics – South Shropshire". Retrieved 10 March 2008. * ^ Telford
Telford
Development Strategy: 1st Monitoring Rep.-7th Monitoring Rep. (T.D.C. 1978–84); (for no. of jobs on T.D.C. estates in 1978) T.D.C. Employment in Telford
Telford
1979 (1980), 20; no. of jobs on T.D.C. estates 1979–82 supplied or confirmed from T.D.C. bd. mtg. agenda 10 November 1983 (management accts. 1983-4, physical projections, p. 12). * ^ Private inf.; Thomas, 'Telford', 36-7; Fenter, 'Bldg. Development in Telford'; Reps. of Dev. Corporations 31 March 1969, H.C. 398, pp. 469–70 (1968–69), xliii; 31 March 1983, H.C. 81, p. 317 (1982–83); Town Planning Rev. xliii. 360 n. 52. * ^ The Times, 24 November 1983 (p. 22). * ^ Reps. of Dev. Corporations 31 March 1983, 309. * ^ T.D.C. Telford
Telford
Ind. Dir. , 28. * ^ Shropshire
Shropshire
Star, 12 November 1983 (p. 3). * ^ Shropshire
Shropshire
Star, 24 October 1983 (pp. 1, 6) * ^ Shropshire
Shropshire
Star, 16 November 1982; 2 December 1983 (p. 16) * ^ N. Staffs. Jnl. Field Studies, xiii. 78; Telford
Telford
Development Strategy: 6th Monitoring Rep. (T.D.C. 1983), 8–12, 22–8; B. Trinder, Hist. Salop. (1983), 121; Shropshire
Shropshire
Star, 10 March 1982. * ^ "Oneplace homepage". Oneplace.audit-commission.gov.uk. 20 January 2013. Retrieved 29 May 2013. * ^ " Shropshire
Shropshire
Routes to Roots Transport and communication From trackways to motorways". .shropshire-cc.gov.uk. 1 August 2007. Retrieved 29 May 2013. * ^ "Economy tracker". BBC News. 17 August 2011. * ^ A B "\'We love Telford!\' Town bites back at gipsies and pickpockets train remark". Shropshire
Shropshire
Star. 28 July 2016. Retrieved 28 July 2016. * ^ Balance is the key to Telford\'s triumph Times Online * ^ Archived 15 April 2009 at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
. * ^ Archived 15 September 2008 at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
. * ^ "Cultural Hubs baseline report". Arts Council. 1 March 2006. Retrieved 29 May 2013. * ^ "In Harmony". Arts Council. Retrieved 29 May 2013. * ^ "Thesis Vanilla Base Theme for Sites". Wrexhamandshropshire.co.uk. 18 January 2012. Retrieved 29 May 2013. * ^ New rail link between Shropshire
Shropshire
and London * ^ "Department for Transport – Better local public transport". Dft.gov.uk. 14 July 2004. Archived from the original on 22 November 2008. Retrieved 28 June 2009. * ^ The road ahead. " Shropshire
Shropshire
– Travel – The road ahead". BBC. Retrieved 28 June 2009. * ^ "M54, The Telford
Telford
Motorway". The Motorway Archive. Retrieved 18 April 2008. * ^ "Interview: The Sunshine Underground". The Native Monster. 9 May 2014. Retrieved 28 July 2016. * ^ "My Shropshire
Shropshire
Life - Carol Decker". Shropshire
Shropshire
Life. 3 November 2011. Retrieved 28 July 2016. * ^ "Cancer Biography". Wayback Machine. Retrieved 28 July 2016. * ^ "Christian Barrington - Biography". IMDB. Retrieved 28 July 2016. * ^ "The Richie Woodhall collection: My dad taught me to fight". Shropshire
Shropshire
Star. 11 December 2015. Retrieved 29 July 2016. * ^ "Blackburn sign winger Elliott Bennett from Norwich City". The Guardian. 6 January 2016. Retrieved 29 July 2016. * ^ " Shropshire
Shropshire
football star’s father in road rage headbutt". Shropshire
Shropshire
Star. 28 November 2013. Retrieved 29 July 2016. * ^ "Current Professional Players". The Shropshire
Shropshire
schools and colleges football association. Retrieved 29 July 2016. * ^ "Magistrate resigns in Twitter row". BBC News. 25 April 2009. Retrieved 29 July 2016. * ^ "Pual Blackthorne Celebrity". TV Guide. Retrieved 29 July 2016.

* ^ Hanning, James (9 March 2014). "Stewart Lee: Beware - this man may be only joking". The Independent. Ret