TELFORD /ˈtɛlfərd/ ( listen ) is a large new town in the borough
Telford and Wrekin and ceremonial county of
Shropshire , England,
about 13 miles (21 km) east of
Shrewsbury , and 30 miles (48 km) north
Birmingham . With an estimated population (for the borough) of
170,300 in 2010 and around 155,000 in
Telford is the
largest town in Shropshire, and one of the fastest-growing towns in
the United Kingdom.
It is named after civil engineer
Thomas Telford , who engineered
many road and rail projects in Shropshire. The town was put together
in the 1960s and 1970s as a new town on previously industrial and
agricultural land and smaller towns. Like other planned towns of the
Telford was created from the merger of other, smaller
settlements, most notably the towns of Wellington ,
Dawley . Many of the New Town's newer inhabitants were
Telford Shopping Centre , a modern shopping mall, was constructed at
the new town's geographical centre, along with an extensive Town Park
M54 motorway was completed in 1983, improving the town's road
links with the
West Midlands conurbation .
On Telford's southern boundaries is the
Ironbridge Gorge , a scenic
tourist destination and
UNESCO World Heritage Site . The town
advertises itself as "The Birthplace of Industry", due to it having
Coalbrookdale and other places in the
Ironbridge Gorge area, within
its boundary. These areas are internationally recognised as being
important to the
Industrial Revolution , and being to a large extent
constructed on the
* 1 History
* 1.1 Early history
* 1.2 Modern history
* 2 Geography
* 3 Governance
* 4 Demography
* 5 Economy
* 6 Landmarks
* 7 Education
* 8 Transport
* 9 Notable people
* 10 Sport
* 11 Closest cities, towns and villages
* 12 References
* 13 External links
Sunnycroft near Wellington
Early settlement in the area was thought to be on the land that
sloped up from the
Weald Moors (an area north of the town centre)
towards the line along which the Roman
Watling Street was built.
Farmland surrounded three large estates in the 10th century, namely
From the 13th century there was urban development in Wellington and
Madeley , where
Wenlock Priory founded a new town. Six monastic
houses, founded in the 11th and 12th centuries, had large interests in
the area's economic growth. They collectively acquired almost half of
the area, and profited from coal and ironstone mines and iron smithies
on their estates.
Beatties department store at the west end of Telford
Shopping Centre , which was renamed
House of Fraser in early 2007.
Telford Plaza in
Telford Town Centre.
The New Town was first designated on 16 January 1963 as DAWLEY NEW
TOWN, covering 9,100 acres (37 km2) of
Dawley , Wenlock ,
Wellington Rural District and
Shifnal Rural District . Development
started, guided by the
Dawley New Town Development Corporation, with
the first homes on the new Sutton Hill housing estate being occupied
in 1967. Initial planning and design concepts for
Dawley New Town were
produced by the Birmingham-based
John Madin Design Group .
The Minister proposed an extension of 12,000 acres (49 km2) in 1968
(taking in the historic area of
Ironbridge Gorge ), which saw
objections and a public inquiry take place. The
Dawley New Town
(Designation) Amendment (Telford) Order was made on 29 November 1968,
extending the New Town area by 10,143 acres (41.05 km2) of "land lying
within the urban districts of
Oakengates and Wellington and the rural
Shifnal and Wellington". This Order also renamed the new
town Telford, after the Scottish-born civil engineer Thomas Telford
who, in 1787, became Surveyor of Public Works for Shropshire. Other
suggested names at the time were Dawelloak and
Wrekin Forest City.
Most of the infrastructure was constructed from the late 1960s and
throughout the 1970s with the major housing and commercial development
occurring over three decades up to the early 1990s when the
Development Corporation was wound up to be replaced by Commission for
the New Towns, later English Partnerships, and most of the property
was handed over to the then
Wrekin District Council.
Telford was now
25 years old and was firmly established as one of the most important
towns in the region.
In 1983, after fierce opposition and three public enquiries, the M54
motorway was completed, connecting the town to the M6 and thence the
rest of the UK's motorway network. Other major roads are the A5 , A518
and A442 , which is commonly known as the Eastern Primary or EP, and
is officially branded Queensway.
Many of the new town's residents were originally from the West
Midlands conurbation , which includes
Wolverhampton , Birmingham,
Walsall . The vast majority of the council house tenants in
Telford were rehoused from inner city Birmingham. Some individuals
still refuse to put
Telford in their address, instead using the
original local name (such as Wellington or
Dawley ) and often citing
the existence of Town Councils as support for the argument "you can't
live in a town in a town," e.g. Wellington(Town) Telford(Town). The
new town's residents who arrived in the 1960s and 1970s earned the
unwanted nickname "overspill" from people living in the existing towns
In 2007, a £250 million regeneration plan for the town centre was
announced, which will include the pedestrianisation of the road
surrounding the shopping centre, and the creation of new cafés, bars
and shops which will lead to 1,750 new jobs. The reason for this
expansion is that the original "centre" was only ever a shopping place
with no real heart (See
Shropshire Star 3 June 2004). Since the
"centre" closed early evening, there was no nightlife at all in the
area, the only major local entertainment areas being in
The first phase of the town centre development, named Southwater, was
completed in 2014. The official opening ceremony on 18 October 2014
included live music and fireworks. The area comprises a refurbished
library, various chain restaurants,
Cineworld IMAX Cinema, bowling
alley/arcade and a new multi-storey car park.
The Wrekin overlooks the town
Telford town centre lies about 21 kilometres (13 mi) east/south-east
Shrewsbury and 24 kilometres (15 mi) north-west of
The town comprises 7,803 hectares (30.13 square miles) and its
southern and eastern parts, between the
Severn Gorge and Donnington
Wood , include the East
Shropshire coalfield. North and north-west
Telford lie beyond the coalfield's boundary fault on sandstone beds
which, along with other
Triassic formations, prevail over much of the
Shropshire plain. The town centre stands on a watershed, with
land to the south draining towards the
River Severn , and to the north
the land slopes gently down towards the Weald Moors. The town is
dominated by the
Wrekin , a large hill of 407 m (1335 ft), located
south-west of Wellington, straddling the border with the unitary
Shropshire Council (before the latter's creation in 2009 the borough
Shrewsbury and Atcham ).
Telford urban area highlighted in orange, within the
Telford and Wrekin borough. For more information on Parish
divisions, see list of civil parishes in
Within the borough of
Telford "> The town is also divided into Wards,
Telford and Wrekin borough. These are used for electoral
purposes and demographic surveys.
Telford was created politically –
but its attempts to make a cohesive town from the fusion of other
independent, smaller towns: Wellington , Madeley , Hadley , Oakengates
Ironbridge and Donnington have largely been successful.
Despite this, the town has much clearer divisions than in other older
towns, such as nearby Shrewsbury, which have developed into one
consolidated urban area over time. Some small settlements to the south
such as a part of
Broseley , while part of the Telford
Urban Area, are administered by
Shropshire Council .
Telford is the only settlement within the
constituency , which was held by Labour from its creation in 1997
until the 2015 General Election. The current MP is Lucy Allan
(Conservative). Some suburbs, such as Wellington, are located in The
Wrekin , which has varying support between the Conservatives and
Labour, due to its mix of rural and urban (Newport ) areas.
Conservative Mark Pritchard was reelected as MP in 2015.
administratively part of the West Midlands region .
M54 (B\'HAM ) -> Former WBC super middleweight champion boxer
Richie Woodhall , grew up in
Woodside, Telford . Professional
Elliott Bennett grew up in Telford, while fellow
Danny Guthrie and
Connor Goldson both attended Thomas
Telford School in Telford. Professional darts player Ted Hankey
Telford as does folk musician Mark Rousseau. Since 1991
education expert Professor
Steve Molyneux has resided in
he was Mayor of
Oakengates from 2003-2007. David Brown from
Boyinaband is also from Telford.
Paul Blackthorne , who plays Detective Lance in the DC TV series
Arrow , was born in Wellington .
Stewart Lee , English stand-up
comedian, writer, director and musician, was born in Wellington .
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Telford is home to a variety of established amateur, semi-pro and
professional sports clubs.
Telford United Football Club are currently playing in the
National League North
National League North having been relegated from the Conference
Premier at the end of the 2014–15 season.
AFC Telford's achievements include Best
Shropshire Senior Cup
Performance: Final – 3 Times, and Promotion to
Conference North in
2007, after beating
Witton Albion in the play-offs 3-1. Also, they won
the Setanta Shield Trophy by beating Forest Green Rovers on penalties
in 2009. They were formed in 2004 on the bankruptcy of the previous
Telford United club, who had competed in the
Football Conference –
the highest level of football outside the professional league – for
25 years since its inception in 1979 as the Alliance Premier League
and were winners of the
FA Trophy on three occasions.
Ice hockey in the town is represented by 2 teams. One is the Telford
Tigers, an English Premier League (EPL or EPIHL) ice hockey team
originally formed in 1985. The other are the
Telford Titans , an ENL
Team, which represents development hockey feeding from the excellent
youth development and were last year crowned league champions.
There have been many
American football teams in the town, although
Shropshire Revolution a
British American Football League ,
founded in 2006, is the only club in the town and the county of
Shropshire. Previous clubs include
Wrekin Giants (1985–1989),
Shropshire Giants (1989), and
Cannock Chase Giants (1989-1993/4).
Telford Raiders are the town's Rugby League club, although there have
been other Rugby League Clubs in
Telford historically, such as the
Telford All Blacks and
Telford Hornets represent
the town at Rugby Union.
Shropshire Warriors Basketball Club play at
Telford College of Art
and Technology (TCAT).
Telford also hosted the
UK Snooker Championship , from 2007 to 2010.
The championship moved from
York in 2007 but returned to the
refurbished Barbican Centre in
York since 2011.
Shropshire Golf Centre is located near
Muxton , to the northeast
of Telford. This has three nine-hole courses, a 13-hole par three
academy course and driving range. Other courses include the Municipal
course at Horsehay,
The Wrekin Golf Club and
Telford Golf and Country
There are also several local cricket clubs, many of whom compete in
local leagues and some in the
Birmingham league. The largest of these
is Wellington where many
Shropshire County matches are also played but
St Georges, Madeley and
Lilleshall also run cricket clubs in or on the
outskirts of the town.
CLOSEST CITIES, TOWNS AND VILLAGES
‹ The template below (Geographic location ) is being considered for
deletion. See templates for discussion to help reach a consensus. ›
DESTINATIONS FROM TELFORD
Oswestry , Wellington
Lilleshall , Newport , STAFFORD
Shifnal , Albrighton ,
Much Wenlock ,
Church Stretton ,
West Bromwich , BIRMINGHAM
Telford and Wrekin population estimates, 2011
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* ^ The Times, 24 November 1983 (p. 22).
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* ^ T.D.C.
Telford Ind. Dir. , 28.
Shropshire Star, 12 November 1983 (p. 3).
Shropshire Star, 24 October 1983 (pp. 1, 6)
Shropshire Star, 16 November 1982; 2 December 1983 (p. 16)
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* ^ Archived 15 September 2008 at the
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