TELECOMMUNICATIONS IN SENEGAL include radio, television, fixed and mobile telephones, and the Internet.
* 1 Regulation * 2 Radio and television * 3 Telephones
* 5 See also * 6 References * 7 External links
Sonatel , Senegal's main telecommunications operator , was privatized
in 1997 with France Télécom as the strategic partner. Sonatel
continues to dominate the market. Liberalization of some services
accompanied privatization. Two companies now provide cellular
telephone services, and there is a competitive
An independent regulatory agency for the telecommunications sector, the Agency for Telecommunications and Postal Regulation (ARTP), was created in early 2002. Besides regulating providers of telecommunications services, the agency assigns and controls radio spectrum. The long-awaited telecommunications sector deregulation became effective in July 2004, with the release of a sectoral letter that outlined the IT policy for the coming years. Telecommunications entrepreneurs who had hoped for a sweeping deregulation received a regime of guided deregulation instead.
The Government wants
In 2007, sales generated by the telecommunications sector accounted for more than 7 percent of GDP .
RADIO AND TELEVISION
See also: Television in
* Radio stations :
* Approximately 80 community, public, and private commercial radio
Radiodiffusion Télévision Sénégalaise (RTS) operates
a national radio network with four different programs on about 60
regional FM stations; many community and private-broadcast radio
stations are available; transmissions of at least 2 international
broadcasters are accessible on FM in
* Radios : 1.2 million (1997).
* Television stations :
* State-run Radiodiffusion Television Senegalaise (RTS) operates five main stations at Dakar, Thies, Tambacouda, Ziguinchor, and Louga; there are also numerous relay stations. A few private TV subscription channels rebroadcast foreign channels without providing any local news or programs (2007); * One (1997).
* Television sets : 361,000 (1997).
Radio is the most important medium of mass information and source of
news due to the high illiteracy rate. The
BBC World Service (105.6
Radio France Internationale are available on FM in
The government maintains control of locally televised information and opinion through RTS. By law, the government holds a majority interest in RTS, and the president directly or indirectly controls selection of all members of the 12-person RTS executive staff. However, in addition to RTS, five privately owned television channels are operating.
Selective government media assistance appears to favor those government and independent outlets more friendly to the administration. The government frequently uses subsidies, and in a few cases threats and intimidation, to pressure the media not to publicize certain issues. The law criminalizes libel , and libel laws are used to block or punish critical reporting and commentary. Occasional incidents of self-censorship by journalists occurred, particularly in government-controlled media.
See also: Telephone numbers in
There are currently four cellular companies: the former Alizé, now
Orange owned by Sonatel; Tigo/Sentel, 75 percent owned by Millicom
International Cellular; Hayo/CSU; and Expresso/Sudatel. Orange has
roughly two thirds of the cellular market, but Tigo is rapidly gaining
market share. In November 2007 a third mobile license was awarded to
Sudatel for $200 million. The license permits
offer fixed line telephone and
* Main lines:
* 338,200 lines in use, 110th in the world (2012); * 224,600 lines in use (2002).
* Mobile cellular:
* 11.5 million lines, 73rd in the world (2012); * 3.2 million lines (2007).
* Telephone system: good system overall with microwave radio relay
, coaxial cable and fiber-optic cable in the trunk system;
above-average urban system with a fiber-optic network; nearly
two-thirds of all fixed-line connections are in
* 2.5 million users, 84th in the world; 19.2% of the population, 145th in the world (2012). * 1.8 million users, 76th in the world (2009).
* Fixed broadband : 94,548 subscriptions, 103rd in the world; 0.7%
of the population, 145th in the world (2012).
* Wireless broadband : 486,490 subscribers, 92nd in the world; 3.8%
of the population, 117th in the world (2012).
INTERNET CENSORSHIP AND SURVEILLANCE
There are no government restrictions on access to the Internet, or
reports that the government monitors e-mail or
The constitution and law provide for freedom of speech and press; however, the government limits these rights in practice. Individuals can generally criticize the government publicly or privately without reprisal. The law criminalizes libel, and libel laws are used to block or punish critical reporting and commentary. The constitution and law prohibit arbitrary interference with privacy, family, home, or correspondence, and the government generally respects these prohibitions in practice.
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* This article incorporates public domain material from the CIA World Factbook document "2014 edition". * This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the United States Department of State .