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GUSH DAN (Hebrew : גּוּשׁ דָּן‎; Arabic : غوش دان‎‎) is a conurbation , including areas from both the Tel Aviv and the Central Districts of Israel
Israel
, or sometimes the whole of TEL AVIV METROPOLITAN AREA (Hebrew : מֶטְרוֹפּוֹלִין תֵּל אָבִיב‎), which in current official designations includes a small part of the Southern District (Israel)
Southern District (Israel)
as well. The area is located along the Israeli Mediterranean coastline . The Gush Dan bloc is the largest conurbation and metropolitan area in Israel, the metropolitan area having an estimated population of 3,713,200 residents, 95% of whom (3,527,900) are Israeli Jews
Israeli Jews
. It houses about 45% of Israel's population.

CONTENTS

* 1 Cities in Gush Dan
Gush Dan
* 2 Metropolitan rings * 3 History

* 4 Economy

* 4.1 Major business and commercial districts * 4.2 Institutes of higher education * 4.3 Shopping centers

* 5 Transportation

* 5.1 Major highways

* 6 Panoramas * 7 See also * 8 References * 9 External links

CITIES IN GUSH DAN

Population in cities of the Middle Ring as of the end of 2014: Over 400,000

* Tel Aviv-Yafo 432,892

Over 200,000

* Petah Tikva
Petah Tikva
257,868 * Rishon LeZion
Rishon LeZion
243,973 * Ashdod
Ashdod
220,174 * Netanya
Netanya
207,946

Over 100,000

* Holon
Holon
188,834 * Bnei Brak
Bnei Brak
182,799 * Ramat Gan
Ramat Gan
152,596 * Rehovot
Rehovot
132,671 * Bat Yam
Bat Yam
128,892

Over 50,000

* Kfar Saba
Kfar Saba
96,922 * Herzliya
Herzliya
91,926 * Modi\'in-Maccabim-Re\'ut 88,749 * Ramla
Ramla
73,686 * Lod
Lod
72,819 * Ra\'anana 70,782 * Givatayim
Givatayim
57,508

Over 10,000

Hod HaSharon
Hod HaSharon
, Modi\'in Illit , Rosh HaAyin
Rosh HaAyin
, Ramat HaSharon
Ramat HaSharon
, Ness Ziona , El\'ad , Yavne
Yavne
, Kiryat Ono , Yehud-Monosson
Yehud-Monosson
, Tira , Giv\'at Shmuel , Kafr Qasim , Qalansawe
Qalansawe
, Be\'er Ya\'akov , Even Yehuda
Even Yehuda
, Gan Yavne
Yavne
, Ganei Tikva
Ganei Tikva
, Gedera
Gedera
, Giv\'at Shmuel , Jaljulia
Jaljulia
, Kfar Yona , Kiryat Ekron , Kokhav Ya\'ir , Mazkeret Batya , Shoham
Shoham
, Tel Mond
Tel Mond
, Tzoran-Kadima
Tzoran-Kadima

*

Map of the Gush Dan
Gush Dan
*

Map of inner metropolitan area *

Satellite Image of the Inner Ring of the Gush Dan
Gush Dan
*

Astronaut photo of Tel Aviv
Tel Aviv
area at night *

Modi\'in-Maccabim-Re\'ut *

Ashdod
Ashdod
*

Netanya
Netanya
*

Petah Tikva
Petah Tikva
*

Tel Aviv
Tel Aviv
beach

METROPOLITAN RINGS

Israel
Israel
Central Bureau of Statistics divides the Tel Aviv
Tel Aviv
metropolitan area into four:

METROPOLITAN RINGS IN THE TEL AVIV METROPOLITAN AREA METROPOLITAN RING LOCALITIES POPULATION (EOY 2015 ESTIMATE) Population density (per km²) Annual Population growth rate

TOTAL JEWS AND OTHERS1 THEREOF: JEWS ARABS

CORE2 1 432,900 414,600 393,200 18,300 8,354.3 1.6%

INNER RING3 13 935,900 934,300 880,700 1,500 7,767 1.3%

NORTHERN SECTION 4 138,700 138,500 134,200 200 3,198.4 1.2%

EASTERN SECTION 5 466,900 466,400 453,700 400 11,687.7 1.8%

SOUTHERN SECTION 4 330,300 329,400 292,800 900 8,882.2 0.7%

MIDDLE RING4 31 1,155,100 1,115,300 1,054,200 39,700 3,936.9 2.2%

NORTHERN SECTION 6 226,700 226,500 220,500 200 4,323.2 2.7%

EASTERN SECTION 8 307,400 307,100 287,900 300 4,302.2 2.5%

SOUTHERN SECTION 17 621,000 581,800 545,800 39,200 3,663.3 1.9%

OUTER RING5 258 1,261,200 1,131,600 1,079,700 129,600 995.9 2.3%

NORTHERN SECTION 97 474,100 379,800 361,100 94,300 1,225.4 2.3%

EASTERN SECTION 47 270,900 236,500 233,700 34,500 971.3 2.1%

SOUTHERN SECTION 91 432,700 432,100 406,300 600 837.5 2.1%

TOTAL 303 3,785,000 3,595,900 3,407,800 189,100 2,245.8 1.9%

NOTES

* 1 The population of "Jews and others" includes Israeli Jews
Israeli Jews
, non-Arab Christians
Christians
and those not classified by religion. * 2 The core area includes the city of Tel Aviv
Tel Aviv
. * 3 The inner ring includes the cities Bat Yam
Bat Yam
, Holon
Holon
, Ramat HaSharon , Ramat Gan
Ramat Gan
, Giv\'atayim , Bnei Brak
Bnei Brak
, Herzliya
Herzliya
, Or Yehuda , Giv\'at Shmuel and Kiryat Ono , as well as a multitude of smaller towns (local councils). * 4 The middle ring includes the cities Petah Tikva
Petah Tikva
, Ra\'anana , Rishon LeZion
Rishon LeZion
, Hod HaSharon
Hod HaSharon
, Kfar Saba
Kfar Saba
, Yehud
Yehud
, Ramla
Ramla
, Lod
Lod
, Rosh HaAyin , Ness Ziona
Ness Ziona
and Rehovot
Rehovot
, as well as many smaller towns (local councils). * 5 The outer ring includes the cities Tayibe
Tayibe
, Netanya
Netanya
, Modi\'in-Maccabim-Re\'ut , Ashdod
Ashdod
, as well as many smaller towns (local councils).

HISTORY

The name Gush Dan
Gush Dan
means "Dan Bloc", and is so named because the area was the territory of the tribe of Dan in the ancient Kingdom of Israel . According to the biblical narrative, the tribe had originally tried to settle in the central coastal area of Canaan
Canaan
, but due to enmity with the Philistines who had already settled there, were only able to camp in the hill country overlooking the Sorek Valley . The camp location became known as Mahaneh Dan ("Camps of Dan"). The region they attempted to settle included the area as far north as Joppa and as far south as Shephelah
Shephelah
in the area of Timnah. As a result of the pressure from the Philistines, the tribe abandoned hopes of settling near the central coast, instead migrating to the north of the country. After conquering Laish, the tribe refounded it as their capital and renamed it Dan . In remembrance of the original territory assignments, this coastal region is referred to as Gush Dan.

The modern city of Tel Aviv
Tel Aviv
was founded in 1909 as a suburb of the Arab majority coastal city of Jaffa
Jaffa
. The city grew rapidly in the ensuing decades thanks to Jewish immigration from Europe, with the population reaching 150,000 in 1934, and 230,000 14 years later when Israel
Israel
gained its independence. Before the establishment of the state, other towns in the Gush Dan
Gush Dan
were founded as well, such as Petah Tikva in 1878, Rishon LeZion
Rishon LeZion
in 1882, Ness Ziona
Ness Ziona
in 1883, Rehovot
Rehovot
in 1890, and the majority of other Gush Dan
Gush Dan
cities were established before 1948.

In 1947, the Jewish population of the Gush Dan
Gush Dan
was nearly 400,000, comprising the majority of the Jewish population of Mandate Palestine. As such almost all of it was included in the Jewish state proposed by the 1947 United Nations Partition Plan for Palestine
United Nations Partition Plan for Palestine
. After the 1948 Arab–Israeli War the Arab population of the region, which had been nearly 150,000 before the war, was reduced to around 10,000. They were quickly replaced by a larger number of Jews fleeing from postwar Europe
Europe
and persecution in Arab countries. However, at this time many new immigrants did not come to Tel Aviv. In the 1950s towns were built on the edges of the Gush Dan, including Ashdod
Ashdod
, Rosh HaAyin
Rosh HaAyin
and Yavne . The nation's sole port at the time was located in the northern city of Haifa
Haifa
and its evolving metropolitan area making that city at least as important as Tel Aviv. At the same time the new government was trying to disperse the nation's population to the periphery, discouraging settlement in the already populated Gush Dan. This slowed the growth of the Gush Dan, but the area still more than doubled in population within 20 years of the establishment of the state. The opening of the Port
Port
of Ashdod
Ashdod
in the southern Gush Dan
Gush Dan
also increased the area's importance, with Haifa's importance diminishing, and Tel Aviv's increasing due to its proximity to the Port
Port
of Ashdod. Tel Aviv itself witnessed population decreases in the 1970s, and 80s with outer regions of the Gush Dan
Gush Dan
with lower costs of living absorbing many people who left Tel Aviv. Only in the 1990s with the immigration of more than 1 million Jews from former Soviet Republics, 40,000 Ethiopian Jews
Ethiopian Jews
, and many others to Israel, as well as a boom in the religious population, did Tel Aviv
Tel Aviv
begin to grow again. The demand for housing increased dramatically, with new cities such as Modiin
Modiin
, El\'ad being built, and cities like Ashdod
Ashdod
more than doubling in population, from 83,000 in 1990, to 175,000 in 2000. In the 2000s the area continued to grow, attracting many immigrants from the Haifa metropolitan area . In 2010 the Gush Dan
Gush Dan
is home to 3,200,000 people and is the commercial, economical, cultural, and industrial center of Israel
Israel
. Despite some successes in ongoing attempts by the Israeli government to encourage migration to the Galilee
Galilee
and the Negev
Negev
, the Gush Dan
Gush Dan
retains its position as the heart of the State of Israel.

ECONOMY

The Gush Dan
Gush Dan
is the economic center of the state of Israel. It is responsible for a large proportion of the nation's economy and contains numerous commercial centers.

MAJOR BUSINESS AND COMMERCIAL DISTRICTS

Diamond Exchange District
Diamond Exchange District
Azrieli Center
Azrieli Center
Towers on Rothschild Boulevard
Rothschild Boulevard
Tel Aviv
Tel Aviv
Stock Exchange (old building) Herzliya
Herzliya
Pituah strip from the Marina

* Diamond Exchange District
Diamond Exchange District
Ramat Gan
Ramat Gan
– The Diamond Exchange District is in the city of Ramat Gan. Bordering the Ayalon Highway
Ayalon Highway
, the road dividing Ramat Gan
Ramat Gan
and Tel Aviv
Tel Aviv
, the district is home to Israel\'s diamond industry as well as being a major commercial center. The Diamond Exchange itself contains four buildings connected by bridges; the Maccabi Tower , Shimshon Tower , Noam Tower , and Diamond Tower which contains the world's largest diamond trading floor and is the head-building of the Diamond Exchange. Also in the district are a number of other buildings of importance. The Moshe Aviv Tower
Moshe Aviv Tower
is Israel's tallest building at 244 meters. Opposite it, the Elite Tower is currently under construction, set to be equal or greater in height. The Sheraton City Tower is a hotel in the district, whilst other notable buildings are the Ayalon Tower
Ayalon Tower
and Gibor Sport House . * Dizengoff Square
Dizengoff Square
Tel Aviv
Tel Aviv
Dizengoff Center
Dizengoff Center
(Hebrew : דיזנגוף סנטר‎‎) is a shopping mall in central Tel Aviv, host to about 140,000 visitors weekly. Lying south of Dizengoff Square, it is named for Meir Dizengoff
Meir Dizengoff
, the first mayor of Tel Aviv. The first mall in Tel Aviv, the center opened in 1983. It is divided into two parts and straddles both sides of Dizengoff Street
Dizengoff Street
with the two parts linked by a pair of skywalks . The mall is bordered by Dizengoff Street, King George Street and the smaller Tchernichovsky street. * Port
Port
of Ashdod
Ashdod
Ashdod
Ashdod
– The Port
Port
of Ashdod
Ashdod
is one of Israel's two main cargo ports . The port is located in Ashdod, about 40 kilometers south of Tel Aviv, adjoining the mouth of the Lachish River . Its establishment doubled the country's port capacity. * Rothschild Boulevard
Rothschild Boulevard
Tel Aviv
Tel Aviv
Rothschild Boulevard
Rothschild Boulevard
(Hebrew : שְׂדֵרוֹת רוטשילד‎, Sderot Rothschild) is a street in Tel Aviv
Tel Aviv
beginning in Neve Tzedek
Neve Tzedek
at its southwestern edge and running north to Habima Theatre . It is one of the busiest and most expensive streets in the Gush Dan, being one of the city's main tourist attractions. * Azrieli Center
Azrieli Center
Tel Aviv
Tel Aviv
Azrieli Center
Azrieli Center
is a complex of skyscrapers in Tel Aviv. At the base of the center lies a large shopping mall . The center was originally designed by Israeli-American architect Eli Attia, and after he fell out with the developer of the center David Azrieli (after whom it is named), completion of the design was passed on to the Tel Aviv
Tel Aviv
firm of Moore Yaski Sivan Architects . * Tel Aviv
Tel Aviv
Stock Exchange – Tel Aviv
Tel Aviv
– The Tel Aviv
Tel Aviv
Stock Exchange (TASE; Hebrew : הבורסה לניירות ערך בתל אביב‎‎; colloquially known as the Boursa) is Israel's only stock exchange . The TASE is the only public market for trading securities in Israel. It plays a major role in the Israeli economy . TASE lists some 622 companies, about 60 of which are also listed on stock exchanges in other countries. TASE also lists some 180 exchange-traded funds (ETFs), 60 government bonds , 500 corporate bonds , and more than 1000 mutual funds . There are 29 members that make up TASE. The list of members indicates that one of the members is a candidate. * Tel Aviv
Tel Aviv
Promenade – Tel Aviv
Tel Aviv
– The Tel Aviv
Tel Aviv
promenade is running along its beaches, and is an integral part of the city's lifestyle, as well as a major tourist attraction. Most of the city's bathing beaches and hiking paths are concentrated in the central part of its 14 kilometers of Mediterranean shore. It contains numerous hotels, and commercial buildings. * Kiryat Atidim
Kiryat Atidim
Tel Aviv
Tel Aviv
– high tech center in eastern Ramat Aviv . The district is known for its ultra modern architecture. * Bat Yam
Bat Yam
coastal strip – Bat Yam
Bat Yam
- southward extension of the Tel Aviv Promenade * Herzliya
Herzliya
Pituah coastal strip and industrial area – Herzliya
Herzliya
– northward extension of the Tel Aviv
Tel Aviv
Promenade * Kiryat Aryeh, Kiryat Matalon, and Segula Industrial Zones – (These three form the second largest industrial zone in the country after Haifa
Haifa
) – Petah Tikva * Ben Gurion Airport
Ben Gurion Airport
Industrial Zone – Lod
Lod
* Eastern Industrial Sector – Holon
Holon
* Eastern Industrial Zones – Netanya
Netanya
* Poleg industrial area – Netanya
Netanya

INSTITUTES OF HIGHER EDUCATION

Tel Aviv
Tel Aviv
University Open University of Israel
Israel
Weizmann Institute of Science
Weizmann Institute of Science
Universities

* Tel Aviv
Tel Aviv
University (TAU) ( Tel Aviv
Tel Aviv
) – 30,000 Students * Bar-Ilan University (BIU) ( Ramat Gan
Ramat Gan
) – 27,000 Students * Open University of Israel
Israel
(OPENU) (Ra\'anana ) – 40,000 Students * Weizmann Institute of Science
Weizmann Institute of Science
(WIS) ( Rehovot
Rehovot
) – 700 Students * Hebrew University of Jerusalem
Hebrew University of Jerusalem
– Based in Jerusalem
Jerusalem
Maintains a campus in Rehovot
Rehovot
which includes The Faculty of Agriculture
Agriculture
and the School of Veterinary Medicine
Veterinary Medicine
.

Colleges

* Academic Center of Law and Business , Ramat Gan * Academic College of Tel Aviv–Yaffo , Tel Aviv * Bezalel Academy of Art and Design
Bezalel Academy of Art and Design
* College of Management (COLMAN), Rishon LeZion * Holon
Holon
Institute of Technology * Interdisciplinary Center (IDC), Herzliya * Jerusalem
Jerusalem
College of Technology * Netanya
Netanya
Academic College * Netanya
Netanya
Academic College of Law * Ono Academic College * The Center for Academic Studies in Or Yehuda
Or Yehuda
* Shenkar College of Engineering and Design
Shenkar College of Engineering and Design
* College of Technology Education , Tel Aviv
Tel Aviv
* Kibbutzim College of Education , Tel Aviv * Levinsky College of Education , Tel Aviv * Mofet , Consortium of Colleges of Education * Moreshet Yaakov Religious College of Education , Rehovot
Rehovot
* Ort College for Teachers of Technology , Tel Aviv * Talpiot College of Education , Tel Aviv

SHOPPING CENTERS

A view from the sixth floor of the mall at Tel Aviv
Tel Aviv
Central Bus Station Carmel Market
Carmel Market
G Cinema City in Rishon LeZion
Rishon LeZion

TEL AVIV

* Carmel Market
Carmel Market
* Ramat Aviv
Ramat Aviv
Mall * Azrieli Center
Azrieli Center
* Dizengoff Center
Dizengoff Center
* Tel Aviv
Tel Aviv
Central Bus Station * Gan Ha\'ir * Opera Tower * Wolfson Mall * Tagor Mall * London Ministores Mall * Weizmann Center * Mikado Center * Drugstore Center

GIV\\'ATAYIM

* Givatayim
Givatayim
Mall

HERZLIYA

* Arena Mall * The Outlet * Seven Stars Mall (Shivat Hakokhavim)

RAMAT GAN

* Ayalon Mall
Ayalon Mall
* Marom Mall * Dan Design Center * Bialik Mall

RAMAT HASHARON

* Cinema City Mall

HOLON

* Holon
Holon
Mall

OR YEHUDA

* Kan-Or

RISHON LEZION

* Rothschild Center * Kanyon Hazahav (Gold Mall) * Shaar Rishon * Arei Hof Mall * G Cinema City

NETANYA

* Sharon Mall * Power Center * Hadarim Mall * Irusim Mall

YEHUD

* Savyonim Mall

BAT YAM

* Bat Yamon * Bat Yam
Bat Yam
Mall

PETAH TIKVA

* Ovnat Mall * Sirkin Mall * Em Hamoshavot Mall

REHOVOT

* American City * Merkaz HaIr Mall * Rehovot
Rehovot
Mall

RA\\'ANANA

* Renanim Mall * Park Mall

Kfar Saba
Kfar Saba

* Arim Mall * G Kfar Saba
Kfar Saba

Ramla
Ramla

* Ramla
Ramla
Center

LOD

* Lod
Lod
Center Mall

TRANSPORTATION

Ayalon Highway
Ayalon Highway
separates Tel Aviv
Tel Aviv
and Ramat Gan
Ramat Gan
Ben Gurion International Airport in Lod
Lod

The Dan Bus Company
Dan Bus Company
is primarily focused on serving the Gush Dan, although it is being replaced by the Kavim company in many of the Gush Dan's cities. Much of Israel's national highway network feeds into the area, such as Highway 1 , Highway 2 , Highway 4 , and Highway 5 . Gush Dan is also served by the local Ayalon Highway
Ayalon Highway
. Israel
Israel
Railways , the state owned, national rail network provider, also feeds most traffic into or within the Gush Dan
Gush Dan
region. The Tel Aviv
Tel Aviv
Light Rail , currently under construction, will also be a major feature in the regions future transport, as will the high speed service to Jerusalem . Two airports are located in the Gush Dan; Sde Dov Airport
Sde Dov Airport
located in Tel Aviv
Tel Aviv
which sees an average of 700,000 passenger movements a year, is located north of the Yarkon River
Yarkon River
hosts flights to Rosh Pina
Rosh Pina
, and Haifa
Haifa
in the north as well as to Ein Yahav
Ein Yahav
, Ovda International Airport , and Eilat
Eilat
in the south as well as to nearby Cyprus
Cyprus
, Rhodes in Greece
Greece
, and Aqaba
Aqaba
in Jordan
Jordan
. Meanwhile, Ben Gurion International Airport in Lod
Lod
which is Israel
Israel
's largest airport handles over 12 million passengers a year and offers flights to destinations in Europe , Africa
Africa
, Asia
Asia
, and The Americas
Americas
.

MAJOR HIGHWAYS

Some of the major freeways/expressways carrying commuter traffic in and out of the Tel Aviv
Tel Aviv
Metropolitan Area
Metropolitan Area
are:

* HIGHWAY 20 (also called AYALON FREEWAY) – a major intracity freeway in Gush Dan, which runs along Tel Aviv's center eastern border from north to south. * HIGHWAY 1 – connects Tel Aviv
Tel Aviv
with Jerusalem
Jerusalem
. * HIGHWAY 2 (also called THE COASTAL HIGHWAY) – stretches from Tel Aviv to Haifa
Haifa
. It is one of the busiest highways in Israel. * HIGHWAY 4 (also called GEHA HIGHWAY, or FIRST PRESIDENT ROAD) – a major North-South highway connecting Ra\'anana and Kfar Saba
Kfar Saba
in the North to Petah Tiqva
Petah Tiqva
and Ramat Gan
Ramat Gan
in the center and Ashdod
Ashdod
in the South. * HIGHWAY 5 – connects the Mediterranean coast immediately north of Tel Aviv
Tel Aviv
with the central Sharon plain and Ariel and other Israeli settlements in the northern West Bank
West Bank
. * HIGHWAY 44 – connects Tel Aviv
Tel Aviv
with Ramla
Ramla
, Lod
Lod
and the Shefela . * HIGHWAY 6 – a new North-South tollway running east of Gush Dan from Galilee
Galilee
in the north to Beer Sheva in the south.

PANORAMAS

Skyline of Tel Aviv
Tel Aviv
, Ramat Gan
Ramat Gan
, Bnei Brak
Bnei Brak
, and Herzliyya taken from the Azrieli Center
Azrieli Center
Skyline of Tel Aviv
Tel Aviv
taken from the Azrieli Center
Azrieli Center
Skyline of Tel Aviv
Tel Aviv
, Bat Yam
Bat Yam
, Holon
Holon
, Givatayim
Givatayim
, and Ramat Gan
Ramat Gan
taken from the Azrieli Center
Azrieli Center
Tel Aviv and Ramat Gan, looking from Tel Aviv
Tel Aviv
University Tel Aviv panorama

SEE ALSO

* List of cities in Israel
Israel

REFERENCES

Wikimedia Commons has media related to GUSH DAN .

* ^ "לוח 3.- אוכלוסייה( 1), ביישובים שמנו מעל 2,000 תושבים( 2) ושאר אוכלוסייה כפרית POPULATION(1) OF LOCALITIES NUMBERING ABOVE 2,000 RESIDENTS(2) AND OTHER RURAL POPULATION". Retrieved 2013-11-06. * ^ A B "Localities, Population, and Density" (PDF). Retrieved 2010-01-24. * ^ http://www1.cbs.gov.il/reader/shnaton/templ_shnaton_e.html?num_tab=st02_25">(PDF). Israel
Israel
Central Bureau of Statistics . December 31, 2015. Retrieved February 17, 2017. * ^ A B http://www.tel-aviv.gov.il/english/StatisticalOverview.htm * ^ Mirovsky, Arik. "For a prestigious address, nothing beats Rothschild". Haaretz
Haaretz
. Retrieved 2006-10-08. * ^ Faculty of Agricultural, Food and Environmental Quality Sciences

EXTERNAL LINKS

* Tel Aviv
Tel Aviv
metropolitan area definition

* v * t * e

Central District of Israel
Israel

CITIES

* El\'ad * Giv\'at Shmuel * Hod HaSharon
Hod HaSharon
* Kafr Qasim * Kfar Saba
Kfar Saba
* Kfar Yona * Lod
Lod
*

.