Tekirdağ (pronounced [tekiɾdaɣ]; see also its other names), is
a city in Turkey. It is a part of the region historically known as
Tekirdağ is the capital of
Tekirdağ Province. The
city population as of 2016[update] is 176,848. There are honorary
Bulgaria in Tekirdağ.
1 Names and etymology
6 Places of interest
7 Notable people
8 International relations
8.1 Twin towns — Sister cities
10 See also
13 External links
Names and etymology
See also: Names of
Tekirdağ in different languages
Tekirdağ was called Bisanthe or Bysanthe (Greek:
Βισάνθη/Βυσάνθη), and also Rhaedestus
(Ῥαιδεστός) in classical antiquity. The latter name was used
till the Byzantine era, transformed to Rodosçuk after it fell to
the Ottomans in the 14th century (in western languages usually
rendered as Rodosto). After the 18th century it was called
Tekfurdağı, based on the Turkish word tekfur, meaning "Byzantine
lord". In time, the name mutated into the Turkish Tekirdağ, and this
became the official name under the Turkish Republic. The historical
name "Rhaedestos" (transcribed also as Raidestos) was continuously
used till today in
Greek Orthodox ecclesiastical context (e.g. Bishop
of Raidestos, Metropolitanate of Heraclia and Raidestos
Tekirdağ is situated on the northern coast of the Sea of Marmara, 135
kilometres (84 miles) west of Istanbul. The picturesque bay of
Tekirdağ is enclosed by the great promontory of the mountain which
gives its name to the city, Tekir Dağı (ancient Combos), a spur
about 2000 ft. that rises into the hilly plateau to the north.
Şarköy is another mountain, Ganos Dağı.
Tekirdağ has a borderline mediterranean/humid subtropical climate
(Köppen climate classification: Csa/Cfa). Summers are long, hot and
humid whilst winters are cool and wet.
Snowfall is quite common
between the months of December and March, snowing for a week or two.
Climate data for Tekirdağ
Record high °C (°F)
Average high °C (°F)
Daily mean °C (°F)
Average low °C (°F)
Record low °C (°F)
Average precipitation mm (inches)
Average rainy days
Mean monthly sunshine hours
Mean daily sunshine hours
Source: Turkish State Meteorological Service 
The history of the city of
Tekirdağ dates back to around
4000 BC. In Xenophon's Anabasis it is mentioned to be a part
of the kingdom of the Thracian king Seuthes. It is also mentioned as
Bisanthe by Herodotus (VII, 137).
Its restoration by
Justinian I in the 6th century AD is chronicled by
Procopius. In 813 and again in 1206, after the Battle of Rodosto, it
was sacked by the Bulgarians, but it continued to appear as a place of
considerable note in later Byzantine history. It was also ruled by the
Venetians between 1204 and 1235. The 11th-century Byzantine historian
Michael Attaleiates owned property in Raidestos which he describes in
In the Ottoman period the city was successively a part of the Rumelia
Eyalet, then of the Province of the Kapudan Pasha, the Silistra
Edirne Vilayet. After 1849 it was the seat of the Sanjak
In 1905, the city had a population of about 35,000; of whom half were
Greeks who were exchanged with Muslims living in
Greece under the
1923 agreement for Exchange of
Greek Orthodox and Muslim Populations
between the two countries.
Tekirdağ was for many years a depot for the produce of the Edirne
province, but its trade suffered when
Alexandroupolis became the
terminus of the railway up the river Maritsa.
Rhaedestus was the name of the city during the
Roman Empire and
remains a titular see of the Roman Catholic Church. The diocese
belonged to the ecclesiastical province of Heraclea Sintica.
Roman Catholic Church
Roman Catholic Church activity has long ceased, a Greek
Orthodox community is still active in the city (source).
Emmet Michael Walsh September 8, 1949 November 16, 1952
Manuel Alfonso de Carvalho February 10, 1953 June 17, 1957
Wilson Laus Schmidt September 5, 1957 May 18, 1962
Carlos Horacio Ponce de Léon June 9, 1962 April 28, 1966
Ottoman square fountain and Yalı Street.
Historic Ottoman wooden houses.
Tekirdağ area is the site of many holiday homes, as the city is
only two hours drive from
Istanbul via a new four-lane highway. The
villages of Şarköy, Mürefte and Kumbağ are particularly popular
with Turkish tourists. Much of this holiday property has been built in
an unregulated and unplanned manner and thus much of the coast looks
over-built. The Marmara Sea is polluted but there are still a number
of public beaches near Tekirdağ, especially the
Tekirdağ is a Turkish commercial town centre with a harbour for
agricultural products; the harbor is being expanded to accommodate a
new rail link to the main freight line through Thrace.
the home port of Martas and the
BOTAŞ Terminal, both of which are
important for trade activities in the Marmara Region.
Most of the city's Ottoman wooden buildings have been replaced by
concrete apartment blocks, but some are being restored or replaced
with attractive houses in the traditional style. Except for the
Rüstem Paşa Camii, built by the Ottoman architect, Mimar Sinan, in
the 16th century, and the narrow streets that help one imagine life in
the Ottoman period, the city lacks antique charm. One reason to visit
is the local delicacy, the small spicy cylindrical grilled meatballs
Tekirdağ köftesi, traditionally followed by courses of a
sweet local cheese and semolina pudding.
The inland areas are fertile farmland, growing crops including winter
wheat, sunflowers, cherries and grapes for wine-making: thus the high
quality rakı for which
Tekirdağ is noted. The distilleries were
state-owned until the 1990s but are now in private hands and the wine
and rakı industries are undergoing a renewal. Local red wines are
inexpensive and worth a taste.
Both the east-west highway (the Via Egnatia from Roman times) and the
highway north toward
Muratlı and Lüleburgaz are four lanes. There is
a prison next to the rakı distillery and another north of the city on
the road to Muratlı.
Tekirdağ is the home of
Namık Kemal University, which was founded in
2006 with three faculties. It is located at the eastern edge of the
Places of interest
Tekirdağ Museum of Archaeology and Ethnography.
The memorial house of
Francis II Rákóczi
Francis II Rákóczi in Tekirdağ
Tekirdağ Museum of Archaeology and Ethnography
Tekirdağ Museum of Archaeology and Ethnography contains
archaeological artifacts found in and around the province, as well as
ethnographical items used by the residents of the region relating to
the history of cultural life.
Namık Kemal House Museum is devoted to the life and works of
theTurkish nationalist poet
Namık Kemal (1840–1888).
The Rakoczi Museum, an 18th-century Turkish house, where the Hungarian
Francis II Rákóczi
Francis II Rákóczi lived during his exile, from 1720
till his death in 1735. Today, the museum is a property of the Hungary
and is widely visited, having become a place of national pilgrimage.
The church of Panagia (Virgin Mary) Rheumatocratissa contains the
graves, with long Latin inscriptions, of other
Hungarians who took
refuge here with their leader.
Of all the statues of
Atatürk in Turkey, the town centre of Tekirdağ
holds the only one that was made exactly life-size.
Phaedimus of Bisanthe, ancient Greek poet (3rd or 2nd century BC)
Khachadour Paul Garabedian, Armenian American United States Navy
officer during the American Civil War
Ardashes Harutunian, Armenian poet, a self-educated translator from
French and literary critic
Rifat Karlova (born 1980), Turkish comedian and actor residing in
Namık Kemal (1840–1888), Turkish nationalist poet
Bekri Mustafa Pasha (1688–1698), Ottoman Grand Vizier
Tekirdağlı Hüseyin Pehlivan, Yağlı Güreş champion
Cezayirli Gazi Hasan Pasha
Barsegh Kanachyan, Armenian composer and musicologist
Francis II Rákóczi
Francis II Rákóczi (1676–1735), Hungarian prince and national hero
Erhan Tabakoglu (born 1967), Turkish Medizinprofessor and Rector of
the Trakya Üniversitesi Edirne
Henri (Malakian) Verneuil, French-Armenian playwright and filmmaker
See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Turkey
Twin towns — Sister cities
Tekirdağ is twinned with:
Pyeongtaek, South Korea
Northern Cyprus 
Veliko Tarnovo, Bulgaria
Tekirdağ Province, which contains Tekirdağ
Boeing 737-800 which crashed as Flight 1951
on 25 February 2009
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Tekirdağ.
Tsar Kaloyan of Bulgaria, destroyer of Rodosto in 1206.
As mother goddess shaped pot (
Tekirdağ Museum of Archaeology and
Tekirdağ Museum of Archaeology and
Tekirdağ Museum of Archaeology and Ethnography)
Orta Mosque (1855)
Bedesten (Ottoman Bazaar)
Province government House
Tekirdağ Köfte, a local speciality meatballs
A street around Rákóczi Museum
^ "Area of regions (including lakes), km²". Regional Statistics
Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. 2002. Retrieved
^ "Population of province/district centers and towns/villages by
districts - 2012". Address Based Population Registration System
(ABPRS) Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved
Tekirdağ merkez nüfusu
^ "A System of Geography, Ancient and Modern". google.gr.
^ "Full text of "Hellenica; Books I-II"". archive.org.
^ See: Warren Treadgold, The Middle Byzantine Historians (Palgrave
^ "Ecumenical Patriarchate – George Raidestinos I".
^ "The Ecumenical Patriarchate". google.gr.
^ "Tekirdağ". Turkish State Meteorological Service. Retrieved 2
^ "History of Tekirdağ". Archived from the original on 6 February
2007. Retrieved 22 March 2007.
^ Volume V23, Page 448 of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica
^ Rhaedestus[permanent dead link] At catholic-hierarchy.org.
Tekirdağ Municipality Web Site – Partner Cities" (in Turkish).
tekirdag.bel.tr. Archived from the original on 23 July 2011. Retrieved
17 June 2009.
^ a b c d Negotiations in progress
^ "Accident Information Page". Turkish Airlines. Retrieved 26 February
Tekirdağ travel guide from Wikivoyage
Tekirdağ photo gallery
Tekirdağ Province of Turkey
List of Provinces by Region
West Black Sea
East Black Sea
Central East Anatolia
Metropolitan municipalities are bolded.
Metropolitan municipalities in Turkey