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Tekirdağ
Tekirdağ
(pronounced [tekiɾdaɣ]; see also its other names), is a city in Turkey. It is a part of the region historically known as Eastern Thrace. Tekirdağ
Tekirdağ
is the capital of Tekirdağ
Tekirdağ
Province. The city population as of 2016[update] is 176,848.[3] There are honorary consulates of Hungary
Hungary
and Bulgaria
Bulgaria
in Tekirdağ.

Contents

1 Names and etymology 2 Location 3 Climate 4 History

4.1 Bishopric

5 Tekirdağ
Tekirdağ
today 6 Places of interest 7 Notable people 8 International relations

8.1 Twin towns — Sister cities

9 Namesakes 10 See also 11 Gallery 12 References 13 External links

Names and etymology[edit] See also: Names of Tekirdağ
Tekirdağ
in different languages Tekirdağ
Tekirdağ
was called Bisanthe or Bysanthe (Greek: Βισάνθη/Βυσάνθη),[4][5] and also Rhaedestus (Ῥαιδεστός) in classical antiquity. The latter name was used till the Byzantine era,[6] transformed to Rodosçuk after it fell to the Ottomans in the 14th century (in western languages usually rendered as Rodosto). After the 18th century it was called Tekfurdağı, based on the Turkish word tekfur, meaning "Byzantine lord". In time, the name mutated into the Turkish Tekirdağ, and this became the official name under the Turkish Republic. The historical name "Rhaedestos" (transcribed also as Raidestos) was continuously used till today in Greek Orthodox
Greek Orthodox
ecclesiastical context (e.g. Bishop of Raidestos,[7] Metropolitanate of Heraclia and Raidestos[8] (18th-19th centuries). Location[edit] Tekirdağ
Tekirdağ
is situated on the northern coast of the Sea of Marmara, 135 kilometres (84 miles) west of Istanbul. The picturesque bay of Tekirdağ
Tekirdağ
is enclosed by the great promontory of the mountain which gives its name to the city, Tekir Dağı (ancient Combos), a spur about 2000 ft. that rises into the hilly plateau to the north. Between Tekirdağ
Tekirdağ
and Şarköy
Şarköy
is another mountain, Ganos Dağı. Climate[edit] Tekirdağ
Tekirdağ
has a borderline mediterranean/humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification: Csa/Cfa). Summers are long, hot and humid whilst winters are cool and wet. Snowfall
Snowfall
is quite common between the months of December and March, snowing for a week or two.

Climate data for Tekirdağ

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °C (°F) 21.5 (70.7) 24.7 (76.5) 28.1 (82.6) 34.3 (93.7) 33.5 (92.3) 40.2 (104.4) 38.4 (101.1) 37.5 (99.5) 39.7 (103.5) 35.1 (95.2) 27.9 (82.2) 23.5 (74.3) 40.2 (104.4)

Average high °C (°F) 8.2 (46.8) 8.9 (48) 11.0 (51.8) 15.8 (60.4) 20.6 (69.1) 25.3 (77.5) 28.0 (82.4) 28.1 (82.6) 24.4 (75.9) 19.6 (67.3) 14.7 (58.5) 10.5 (50.9) 17.93 (64.27)

Daily mean °C (°F) 4.9 (40.8) 5.4 (41.7) 7.4 (45.3) 11.9 (53.4) 16.9 (62.4) 21.3 (70.3) 23.8 (74.8) 23.8 (74.8) 20.0 (68) 15.4 (59.7) 11.0 (51.8) 7.2 (45) 14.08 (57.33)

Average low °C (°F) 2.1 (35.8) 2.4 (36.3) 4.1 (39.4) 8.2 (46.8) 12.6 (54.7) 16.6 (61.9) 18.9 (66) 19.3 (66.7) 16.0 (60.8) 12.0 (53.6) 8.0 (46.4) 4.4 (39.9) 10.38 (50.69)

Record low °C (°F) −12.3 (9.9) −13.3 (8.1) −10.4 (13.3) −1.2 (29.8) 3.5 (38.3) 8.6 (47.5) 10.9 (51.6) 12.0 (53.6) 3.7 (38.7) −1.8 (28.8) −6.9 (19.6) −10.9 (12.4) −13.3 (8.1)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 69.0 (2.717) 54.1 (2.13) 54.9 (2.161) 41.3 (1.626) 38.5 (1.516) 37.7 (1.484) 23.2 (0.913) 14.0 (0.551) 36.3 (1.429) 64.3 (2.531) 74.6 (2.937) 81.2 (3.197) 589.1 (23.192)

Average rainy days 12.4 10.8 10.7 9.8 8.2 7.2 3.6 2.5 4.8 7.6 9.6 12.9 100.1

Mean monthly sunshine hours 86.8 98 133.3 177 241.8 270 303.8 279 216 155 102 74.4 2,137.1

Mean daily sunshine hours 2.4 3.2 4.1 5.4 7.4 9.6 9.5 9.0 7.2 4.5 3.2 2.3 5.65

Source: Turkish State Meteorological Service [9]

History[edit] The history of the city of Tekirdağ
Tekirdağ
dates back to around 4000 BC.[10] In Xenophon's Anabasis it is mentioned to be a part of the kingdom of the Thracian king Seuthes. It is also mentioned as Bisanthe by Herodotus (VII, 137). Its restoration by Justinian I
Justinian I
in the 6th century AD is chronicled by Procopius. In 813 and again in 1206, after the Battle of Rodosto, it was sacked by the Bulgarians, but it continued to appear as a place of considerable note in later Byzantine history. It was also ruled by the Venetians between 1204 and 1235. The 11th-century Byzantine historian Michael Attaleiates
Michael Attaleiates
owned property in Raidestos which he describes in his will. In the Ottoman period the city was successively a part of the Rumelia Eyalet, then of the Province of the Kapudan Pasha, the Silistra Eyalet, and Edirne
Edirne
Vilayet. After 1849 it was the seat of the Sanjak of Tekfürtaği. In 1905, the city had a population of about 35,000; of whom half were Greeks[11] who were exchanged with Muslims living in Greece
Greece
under the 1923 agreement for Exchange of Greek Orthodox
Greek Orthodox
and Muslim Populations between the two countries. Tekirdağ
Tekirdağ
was for many years a depot for the produce of the Edirne province, but its trade suffered when Alexandroupolis
Alexandroupolis
became the terminus of the railway up the river Maritsa. Bishopric[edit] Rhaedestus was the name of the city during the Roman Empire
Roman Empire
and remains a titular see of the Roman Catholic Church. The diocese belonged to the ecclesiastical province of Heraclea Sintica.[12] Although Roman Catholic Church
Roman Catholic Church
activity has long ceased, a Greek Orthodox community is still active in the city (source). Catholic bishops

Emmet Michael Walsh September 8, 1949 November 16, 1952 Manuel Alfonso de Carvalho February 10, 1953 June 17, 1957 Wilson Laus Schmidt September 5, 1957 May 18, 1962 Carlos Horacio Ponce de Léon June 9, 1962 April 28, 1966

Tekirdağ
Tekirdağ
today[edit]

Ottoman square fountain and Yalı Street.

Historic Ottoman wooden houses.

The Tekirdağ
Tekirdağ
area is the site of many holiday homes, as the city is only two hours drive from Istanbul
Istanbul
via a new four-lane highway. The villages of Şarköy, Mürefte and Kumbağ are particularly popular with Turkish tourists. Much of this holiday property has been built in an unregulated and unplanned manner and thus much of the coast looks over-built. The Marmara Sea is polluted but there are still a number of public beaches near Tekirdağ, especially the Yeniçiftlik
Yeniçiftlik
beaches. Tekirdağ
Tekirdağ
is a Turkish commercial town centre with a harbour for agricultural products; the harbor is being expanded to accommodate a new rail link to the main freight line through Thrace. Tekirdağ
Tekirdağ
is the home port of Martas and the BOTAŞ Terminal, both of which are important for trade activities in the Marmara Region. Most of the city's Ottoman wooden buildings have been replaced by concrete apartment blocks, but some are being restored or replaced with attractive houses in the traditional style. Except for the Rüstem Paşa Camii, built by the Ottoman architect, Mimar Sinan, in the 16th century, and the narrow streets that help one imagine life in the Ottoman period, the city lacks antique charm. One reason to visit is the local delicacy, the small spicy cylindrical grilled meatballs called Tekirdağ
Tekirdağ
köftesi, traditionally followed by courses of a sweet local cheese and semolina pudding. The inland areas are fertile farmland, growing crops including winter wheat, sunflowers, cherries and grapes for wine-making: thus the high quality rakı for which Tekirdağ
Tekirdağ
is noted. The distilleries were state-owned until the 1990s but are now in private hands and the wine and rakı industries are undergoing a renewal. Local red wines are inexpensive and worth a taste. Both the east-west highway (the Via Egnatia from Roman times) and the highway north toward Muratlı
Muratlı
and Lüleburgaz are four lanes. There is a prison next to the rakı distillery and another north of the city on the road to Muratlı. Tekirdağ
Tekirdağ
is the home of Namık Kemal
Namık Kemal
University, which was founded in 2006 with three faculties. It is located at the eastern edge of the city. Places of interest[edit]

Tekirdağ
Tekirdağ
Museum of Archaeology and Ethnography.

The memorial house of Francis II Rákóczi
Francis II Rákóczi
in Tekirdağ

The Tekirdağ Museum of Archaeology and Ethnography
Tekirdağ Museum of Archaeology and Ethnography
contains archaeological artifacts found in and around the province, as well as ethnographical items used by the residents of the region relating to the history of cultural life. The Namık Kemal
Namık Kemal
House Museum is devoted to the life and works of theTurkish nationalist poet Namık Kemal
Namık Kemal
(1840–1888). The Rakoczi Museum, an 18th-century Turkish house, where the Hungarian national hero, Francis II Rákóczi
Francis II Rákóczi
lived during his exile, from 1720 till his death in 1735. Today, the museum is a property of the Hungary and is widely visited, having become a place of national pilgrimage. The church of Panagia (Virgin Mary) Rheumatocratissa contains the graves, with long Latin inscriptions, of other Hungarians
Hungarians
who took refuge here with their leader. Of all the statues of Atatürk
Atatürk
in Turkey, the town centre of Tekirdağ holds the only one that was made exactly life-size.

Notable people[edit]

Phaedimus of Bisanthe, ancient Greek poet (3rd or 2nd century BC) Khachadour Paul Garabedian, Armenian American United States Navy officer during the American Civil War Ardashes Harutunian, Armenian poet, a self-educated translator from French and literary critic Rifat Karlova (born 1980), Turkish comedian and actor residing in Taiwan Namık Kemal
Namık Kemal
(1840–1888), Turkish nationalist poet Bekri Mustafa Pasha (1688–1698), Ottoman Grand Vizier Tekirdağlı Hüseyin Pehlivan, Yağlı Güreş champion Cezayirli Gazi Hasan Pasha Barsegh Kanachyan, Armenian composer and musicologist Francis II Rákóczi
Francis II Rákóczi
(1676–1735), Hungarian prince and national hero Erhan Tabakoglu (born 1967), Turkish Medizinprofessor and Rector of the Trakya Üniversitesi Edirne Henri (Malakian) Verneuil, French-Armenian playwright and filmmaker

International relations[edit] See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Turkey Twin towns — Sister cities[edit] Tekirdağ
Tekirdağ
is twinned with:[13]

Kavala, Greece Kardzhali, Bulgaria Kecskemét, Hungary Pyeongtaek, South Korea

Sárospatak, Hungary Sliven, Bulgaria Techirghiol, Romania Topolčani, Macedonia

Bayreuth, Germany
Germany
[14] Famagusta, Northern Cyprus
Northern Cyprus
[14] Montevago, Italy
Italy
[14] Shantou, China
China
[14] Veliko Tarnovo, Bulgaria

Namesakes[edit]

Tekirdağ
Tekirdağ
Province, which contains Tekirdağ TC-JGE, a Turkish Airlines
Turkish Airlines
Boeing 737-800
Boeing 737-800
which crashed as Flight 1951 on 25 February 2009[15]

See also[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Tekirdağ.

Tsar Kaloyan of Bulgaria, destroyer of Rodosto in 1206.

Gallery[edit]

As mother goddess shaped pot ( Tekirdağ
Tekirdağ
Museum of Archaeology and Ethnography)

Thracian King Cersobleptes ( Tekirdağ
Tekirdağ
Museum of Archaeology and Ethnography)

Amphoras ( Tekirdağ
Tekirdağ
Museum of Archaeology and Ethnography)

Orta Mosque (1855)

Bedesten
Bedesten
(Ottoman Bazaar)

Province government House

Tekirdağ
Tekirdağ
Köfte, a local speciality meatballs

A street around Rákóczi Museum

References[edit]

Notes

^ "Area of regions (including lakes), km²". Regional Statistics Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. 2002. Retrieved 2013-03-05.  ^ "Population of province/district centers and towns/villages by districts - 2012". Address Based Population Registration System (ABPRS) Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 2013-02-27.  ^ Tekirdağ
Tekirdağ
merkez nüfusu ^ "A System of Geography, Ancient and Modern". google.gr.  ^ "Full text of "Hellenica; Books I-II"". archive.org.  ^ See: Warren Treadgold, The Middle Byzantine Historians (Palgrave Macmillan, 2013) ^ "Ecumenical Patriarchate – George Raidestinos I". ec-patr.net.  ^ "The Ecumenical Patriarchate". google.gr.  ^ "Tekirdağ". Turkish State Meteorological Service. Retrieved 2 September 2016.  ^ "History of Tekirdağ". Archived from the original on 6 February 2007. Retrieved 22 March 2007.  ^ Volume V23, Page 448 of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica ^ Rhaedestus[permanent dead link] At catholic-hierarchy.org. ^ " Tekirdağ
Tekirdağ
Municipality Web Site – Partner Cities" (in Turkish). tekirdag.bel.tr. Archived from the original on 23 July 2011. Retrieved 17 June 2009.  ^ a b c d Negotiations in progress ^ "Accident Information Page". Turkish Airlines. Retrieved 26 February 2009. 

External links[edit]

Tekirdağ
Tekirdağ
travel guide from Wikivoyage Official website Tekirdağ
Tekirdağ
photo gallery

v t e

Tekirdağ
Tekirdağ
in Tekirdağ Province
Tekirdağ Province
of Turkey

Districts

Çerkezköy Çorlu Hayrabolu Ergene Kapaklı Malkara Marmara Ereğli Muratlı Saray Şarköy Süleymanpaşa

List of Provinces by Region

Istanbul

Istanbul

West Marmara

Balıkesir Çanakkale Edirne Kırklareli Tekirdağ

Aegean

Afyonkarahisar Aydın Denizli İzmir Kütahya Manisa Muğla Uşak

East Marmara

Bilecik Bolu Bursa Düzce Eskişehir Kocaeli Sakarya Yalova

West Anatolia

Ankara Karaman Konya

Mediterranean

Adana Antalya Burdur Hatay Isparta Kahramanmaraş Mersin Osmaniye

Central Anatolia

Aksaray Kayseri Kırıkkale Kırşehir Nevşehir Niğde Sivas Yozgat

West Black Sea

Amasya Bartın Çankırı Çorum Karabük Kastamonu Samsun Sinop Tokat Zonguldak

East Black Sea

Artvin Giresun Gümüşhane Ordu Rize Trabzon

Northeast Anatolia

Ağrı Ardahan Bayburt Erzincan Erzurum Iğdır Kars

Central East Anatolia

Bingöl Bitlis Elazığ Hakkâri Malatya Muş Tunceli Van

Southeast Anatolia

Adıyaman Batman Diyarbakır Gaziantep Kilis Mardin Siirt Şanlıurfa Şırnak

Metropolitan municipalities are bolded.

v t e

Metropolitan municipalities in Turkey

Adana Ankara Antalya Aydın Balıkesir Bursa Denizli Diyarbakır Erzurum Eskişehir Gaziantep Hatay İstanbul İzmir Kayseri Kocaeli Konya Kahramanmaraş Malatya Manisa Mardin Mersin Muğla Ordu Sakarya Samsun Şanlıurfa Tekirdağ Trabzon Van

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 185275025 LCCN: n2011057271 GND: 4412679-7 BNF:

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