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The Info List - Tehrik-i-Taliban Pakistan



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(i)

STATE OPPONENTS

* Islamic Republic of Pakistan
Pakistan
* United States
United States
of America

BATTLES AND WARS

War in Afghanistan
Afghanistan
War in North-West Pakistan

* Operation Zarb-e-Azb * Operation Radd-ul-Fasaad

TEHRIK-I-TALIBAN PAKISTAN (TTP; Urdu
Urdu
: تحریک طالبان پاکستان‎; " Taliban
Taliban
Movement of Pakistan"), alternatively referred to as the PAKISTANI TALIBAN, is a terrorist group which is an umbrella organization of various militant groups disguised under a religious name based in the northwestern Federally Administered Tribal Areas along the Afghan border in Pakistan
Pakistan
. Most Pakistani Taliban groups coalesce under the TTP. In December 2007 about 13 groups united under the leadership of Baitullah Mehsud to form the Tehrik-i- Taliban
Taliban
Pakistan. Among the Tehrik-i- Taliban
Taliban
Pakistan's stated objectives are resistance against the Pakistani state, enforcement of their interpretation of sharia and a plan to unite against NATO
NATO
-led forces in Afghanistan.

The TTP is not directly affiliated with the Afghan Taliban
Taliban
movement led by Haibatullah Akhundzada , with both groups differing greatly in their histories, strategic goals and interests although they are both predominantly Pashtun . The Afghan Taliban, with the alleged support of Pakistani Taliban, operate against international coalition and Afghan security forces in Afghanistan
Afghanistan
but are strictly opposed to targeting the Pakistani state. The TTP in contrast has almost exclusively targeted elements of the Pakistani state although it took credit for the 2009 Camp Chapman attack and the 2010 Times Square
Times Square
car bombing attempt .

Maulana Fazlullah became the group's new leader in late 2013. In the following year the TTP fragmented into at least four groups, with the defections said to have left the group in considerable disarray.

CONTENTS

* 1 History

* 1.1 Roots and development * 1.2 Threats beyond Pakistan
Pakistan
border * 1.3 Leadership crisis * 1.4 Designation as a terrorist organization * 1.5 Internal Splits

* 2 Organizational structure

* 2.1 Overview

* 2.2 Current leaders

* 2.2.1 Pakistani Taliban
Taliban
but not allied to TTP

* 2.3 Current spokesmen * 2.4 Media

* 3 Relations with other militant groups

* 3.1 Afghan Taliban
Taliban

* 3.1.1 Cross-border controversy

* 3.2 Al-Qaeda * 3.3 Ghazi Abdul Rashid Shaheed Brigade * 3.4 Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan
Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan
* 3.5 Tehrik-i- Taliban
Taliban
Punjab * 3.6 Other groups

* 4 Foreign Support/Linkages * 5 Claimed and alleged attacks * 6 Involvement in the Syrian Civil War * 7 See also * 8 References * 9 Further reading

HISTORY

ROOTS AND DEVELOPMENT

Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) in Pakistan
Pakistan

The roots of the TTP as an organization began in 2002 when the Pakistani military conducted incursions into the tribal areas to originally combat foreign (Afghan , Arab
Arab
and Central Asian ) militants fleeing from the war in Afghanistan
Afghanistan
into the neighbouring tribal areas of Pakistan
Pakistan
. A 2004 article by the BBC
BBC
explains:

The military offensive had been part of the overall war against al-Qaeda. ... Since the start of the operation, the military authorities have firmly established that a large number of Uzbek , Chechen and Arab
Arab
militants were in the area. ... It was in July 2002 that Pakistani troops, for the first time in 55 years, entered the Tirah Valley in Khyber tribal agency. Soon they were in Shawal valley of North Waziristan, and later in South Waziristan. ... This was made possible after long negotiations with various tribes, who reluctantly agreed to allow the military's presence on the assurance that it would bring in funds and development work. But once the military action started in South Waziristan
South Waziristan
a number of Waziri sub-tribes took it as an attempt to subjugate them. Attempts to persuade them into handing over the foreign militants failed, and with an apparently mishandling by the authorities, the security campaign against suspected al-Qaeda militants turned into an undeclared war between the Pakistani military and the rebel tribesmen.

Many of the TTP's leaders are veterans of the fighting in Afghanistan and have supported the fight against the NATO
NATO
-led International Security Assistance Force by providing soldiers, training, and logistics . In 2004 various tribal groups, as explained above, that would later form the TTP, effectively established their authority in the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) by concurrently engaging in military attacks and negotiating with Islamabad
Islamabad
. By this time, the militants had killed around 200 rival tribal elders in the region to consolidate control. Several Pakistani analysts also cite the inception of U.S. missile strikes in the FATA as a catalyzing factor in the rise of tribal militancy in the area. More specifically they single out an October 2006 strike on a madrassah in Bajaur
Bajaur
that was run by the Tehreek-e-Nafaz-e-Shariat-e-Mohammadi
Tehreek-e-Nafaz-e-Shariat-e-Mohammadi
as a turning point.

In December 2007, the existence of the Tehrik-i- Taliban
Taliban
Pakistan
Pakistan
was officially announced under the leadership of Baitullah Mehsud .

On 25 August 2008, Pakistan
Pakistan
banned the group, froze its bank accounts and assets, and barred it from media appearances. The government also announced that bounties would be placed on prominent leaders of the TTP.

In late December 2008 and early January 2009, Mullah Omar sent a delegation, led by former Guantanamo Bay detainee Mullah Abdullah Zakir , to persuade leading members of the TTP to put aside differences and aid the Afghan Taliban
Taliban
in combating the American presence in Afghanistan. Baitullah Mehsud , Hafiz Gul Bahadur , and Maulavi Nazir agreed in February and formed the Shura
Shura
Ittehadul Mujahideen (SIM), also transliterated as Shura
Shura
Ittehad-ul-Mujahideen and translated into English as the Council of United Mujahedeen. In a written statement circulated in a one-page Urdu-language pamphlet, the three affirmed that they would put aside differences to fight American-led forces and reasserted their allegiance to Mullah Omar and Osama bin Laden
Osama bin Laden
. However, the SIM did not last very long and collapsed shortly after its announcement.

THREATS BEYOND PAKISTAN BORDER

Qari Mehsud indicated in a video recorded in April 2010 the TTP would make cities in the United States
United States
a "main target" in response to U.S. drone attacks on TTP leaders . The TTP claimed responsibility for the December 2009 suicide attack on CIA
CIA
facilities in Camp Chapman in Afghanistan, as well as the attempted bombing in Times Square
Times Square
in May 2010.

In July 2012, the TTP threatened to attack Myanmar in the wake of sectarian violence against Rohingya Muslims in the Arakan state. TTP spokesman Ehsanullah demanded the Pakistani government to sever relations with Myanmar and close down the Burmese embassy in Islamabad, and warned of attacks against Burmese interests if no action was taken. While the TTP has been conducting an insurgency in Pakistan, its ability to expand operations to other countries has been questioned. This was a rare occasion in which it warned of violence in another country.

LEADERSHIP CRISIS

In August 2009, a missile strike from a suspected U.S. drone killed Baitullah Mehsud. The TTP soon held a shura to appoint his successor. Government sources reported that fighting broke out during the shura between Hakimullah Mehsud
Hakimullah Mehsud
and Wali-ur-Rehman . While Pakistani news channels reported that Hakimullah had been killed in the shooting, Interior Minister Rehman Malik could not confirm his death. On 18 August, Pakistani security officials announced the capture of Maulvi Omar , chief spokesperson of the TTP. Omar, who had denied the death of Baitullah, retracted his previous statements and confirmed the leader's death in the missile strike. He also acknowledged turmoil among TTP leadership following the killing.

After Omar's capture, Maulana Faqir Mohammed announced to the BBC that he would assume temporary leadership of the TTP and that Muslim Khan would serve as the organization's primary spokesperson. He also maintained that Baitullah had not been killed, but rather was in bad health. Faqir further elaborated that decisions over leadership of the umbrella group would only be made in consultation and consensus with a variety of different TTP leaders. "The congregation of Taliban
Taliban
leaders has 32 members and no important decision can be taken without their consultation," he told the BBC. He reported to the AFP that both Hakimullah Mehsud
Hakimullah Mehsud
and Wali-ur-Rehman had approved his appointment as temporary leader of the militant group. Neither militant had publicly confirmed Faqir's statement, and analysts cited by Dawn News
Dawn News
believed the assumption of leadership actually indicated a power struggle.

Two days later Faqir Mohammed retracted his claims of temporary leadership and said that Hakimullah Mehsud
Hakimullah Mehsud
had been selected leader of the TTP. Faqir declared that the 42-member shura had also decided that Azam Tariq would serve as the TTP's primary spokesperson, rather than Muslim Khan.

Under the leadership of Hakimullah, the TTP intensified its suicide campaign against the Pakistani state and against civilian (particularly Shia , Ahmedi and Sufi ) targets.

DESIGNATION AS A TERRORIST ORGANIZATION

On 1 September 2010, the United States
United States
designated the TTP as a Foreign Terrorist Organization (FTO) and identified Hakimullah Mehsud and Wali ur-Rehman as specially designated global terrorists . The designation of the TTP as an FTO makes it a crime to provide support or to do business with the group and also allows the U.S. to freeze its assets. The US State Department also issued a $5 million reward for information on the two individuals' locations.

In January 2011, the British government moved to classify the TTP as a banned terrorist organization under its Terrorism Act 2000 .

In July 2011, the Canadian government also added the TTP to its list of banned terrorist organizations.

INTERNAL SPLITS

In February 2014, a group of TTP jihadists under the lead of Maulana Umar Qasmi broke away from the organisation to form the AHRAR-UL-HIND , in protest against the TTP's negotiations with the Pakistan government.

In May 2014 the Mehsud faction of the TTP defected from the main group to form a breakaway unit called TEHRIK-I-TALIBAN SOUTH WAZIRISTAN led by Khalid Mehsud. The breakaway group was unhappy with the various activities of the TTP, saying in a statement "We consider kidnapping for ransom, extortion, damage to public facilities and bombings to be un-Islamic. Tehreek-e- Taliban
Taliban
Mehsud group believes in stopping the oppressor from cruelty, and supporting the oppressed." The Mehsuds were widely seen as the most important group in the TTP and their loss was regarded as a major blow. In February 2017, the TTP announced that the Mehsud faction had rejoined the group, following the "defection of the rogue elements to the rival parties".

In August 2014, hardline elements of the TTP from four of the seven tribal districts formed a separate group called TEHRIK-I-TALIBAN PAKISTAN JAMAAT-UL-AHRAR , led by the Mohmand Agency
Mohmand Agency
commander Omar Khalid Khorosani, after disagreeing with Fazlullah's order to fight the Pakistani Army's Operation Zarb-e-Azb offensive in the Tribal Areas. However, in March 2015, Jamaat-ul-Ahrar's spokesman announced that they were rejoining the TTP. Some Uzbek and Arab
Arab
fighters previously working with the TTP reportedly began leaving Pakistan
Pakistan
to go to Iraq
Iraq
to fight alongside the Islamic State of Iraq
Iraq
and the Levant . In the same month, Asmatullah Muawiya, the commander of the Punjabi Taliban
Taliban
, announced that his faction was ending their armed struggle against the Pakistani state.

In October 2014, the TTP's spokesman, Shahidullah Shahid , and the group's commanders in Orakzai , Kurram and Khyber tribal regions and Peshawar and Hangu Districts defected from the TTP and pledged allegiance to Islamic State (IS).

ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE

OVERVIEW

The TTP differs in structure to the Afghan Taliban
Taliban
in that it lacks a central command and is a much looser coalition of various militant groups, united by hostility towards the central government in Islamabad. Several analysts describe the TTP's structure as a loose network of dispersed constituent groups that vary in size and in levels of coordination. The various factions of the TTP tend to be limited to their local areas of influence and often lack the ability to expand their operations beyond that territory.

In its original form, the TTP had Baitullah Mehsud as its amir . He was followed in the leadership hierarchy by Hafiz Gul Bahadur as naib amir, or deputy. Faqir Mohammed was the third most influential leader. The group contained members from all of FATA's seven tribal agencies as well as several districts of the North-West Frontier Province (NWFP), including Swat , Bannu , Tank , Lakki Marwat , Dera Ismail Khan , Kohistan , Buner , and Malakand . Some 2008 estimates placed the total number of operatives at 30–35,000, although it is difficult to judge the reliability of such estimates.

In the aftermath of Baitullah Mehsud's death, the organization experienced turmoil among its leading militants. By the end of August 2009, however, leading members in the TTP had confirmed Hakimullah Mehsud as its second amir. Government and some TTP sources told the media that Hakimullah Mehsud
Hakimullah Mehsud
was killed in January 2010 by injuries sustained during a U.S. drone attack. Unconfirmed reports from Orakzai Agency stated, after the death of Hakimullah Mehsud, Malik Noor Jamal, alias Maulana Toofan, had assumed leadership of the TTP until the group determined how to proceed.

Reuters, citing a report from The Express Tribune
The Express Tribune
, indicated in July 2011 that Hakimullah Mehsud's grip on the TTP leadership was weakening after the defection of Fazal Saeed Haqqani, the Taliban
Taliban
leader in the Kurram region, from the umbrella militant group. Haqqani cited disagreements over attacks on civilians as reason for the split. The paper quoted an associate of Mehsud's as saying that "it looks as though he is just a figurehead now... He can hardly communicate with his commanders in other parts of the tribal areas ... he is in total isolation. Only a few people within the TTP know where he is." A December 2011 report published in The Express Tribune
The Express Tribune
further described the network as "crumbling" with "funds dwindling and infighting intensifying." According to various TTP operatives, the difficulties stemmed from differences of opinion within TTP leadership on pursuing peace talks with Islamabad. In December 2012 senior Pakistan
Pakistan
military officials told Reuters
Reuters
that Hakimullah Mehsud
Hakimullah Mehsud
had lost control of the group and that Wali-ur-Rehman was expected to be formally announced as the head of the TTP. However a video released later in the month showed Hakimullah Mehsud
Hakimullah Mehsud
and Wali-ur-Rehman seated next to each other, with Mehsud calling reports of a split between the two as propaganda.

CURRENT LEADERS

* Mullah Fazlullah – Emir (chief) of Tehrik-i- Taliban
Taliban
Pakistan based in Afghanistan. * Sheikh Khalid Haqqani – Naib emir (deputy chief) of TTP and leader of central / supreme shura. * Abdul Wali (alias Omar Khalid Khorasani) – Commander of Jamaat-ul-Ahrar faction (based in Mohmand Agency
Mohmand Agency
) and splinter groups like Jundallah and Junood-e-Hafsa. * Mangal Bagh Afridi – Head of Lashkar-e-Islam faction (based in Khyber Agency
Khyber Agency
). * Omar Mansoor (alias Omar Khalifa / Omar Naray / Omar Adinzai ) – deceased Commander of TTP in Darra Adam Khel and Peshawar (Tariq Geedar Afridi group). * Sheharyar Mehsud (alias Shahbaz) – Commander of North Waziristan TTP. * Khalid Mehsud (alias Khan Said Sajna) – South Waziristan (Eastern Half ) – Mehsud Taliban
Taliban
splinter group. * Hafiz Gul Bahadur – Commander of a powerful militant faction based in North Waziristan and allied to TTP. * Mansoor Mohmand – Mohmand Agency
Mohmand Agency
TTP. * Sheikh Gul Muhammad – Bajaur
Bajaur
Agency TTP. * Mufti Noor Wali – Chief of Karachi
Karachi
chapter (Sajna group). * Adnan Rasheed – Chief of Ansar Al-Aseer (TTP's unit tasked to free militant prisoners).

Pakistani Taliban
Taliban
But Not Allied To TTP

* Bahawal Khan Wazir (alias Salahuddin Ayubi) – South Waziristan (Western Half ) – Successor of Maulvi Nazir . * Asmatullah Muawiya – Leader of Punjabi Taliban. He is part of TTP.

CURRENT SPOKESMEN

* Maulana Muhammad Ali Balti (alias Muhammad Khurasani alias Mufti Khalid) – Central spokesman of TTP (Fazlullah group). * Sajjad Mohmand (alias Ehsanullah Ehsan ) – Spokesman for Jamaat-ul-Ahrar faction ( Omar Khalid group). * Salahuddin Ayubi – Spokesman for Lashkar-e-Islam (TTP faction based in Khyber Agency
Khyber Agency
). * Daud Mehsud (alias Haji Daud ) – Spokesman for North Waziristan TTP led by Sheharyar Mehsud. * Rais Khan Mehsud (alias Azam Tariq ) – Spokesman for Mehsud Taliban
Taliban
(TTP splinter group led by Khalid Mehsud and based in South Waziristan ). * Ahmadullah Ahmadi – Spokesman for Hafiz Gul Bahadur group. * Fahad Marwat – Spokesman for Jundullah splinter group.

MEDIA

The TTP's "media arm" is "Umar Media". Umar Media provides a "behind the scenes" look at Taliban
Taliban
attacks. Video clips are made in Pashto with Urdu
Urdu
subtitles. Umar Media also reportedly operated a Facebook page which had been created in September 2012 and had a few "likes " and a "handful of messages written in English". According to then TTP spokesman Ehsanullah Ehsan, the page was being "temporarily" used before the TTP would plan to launch its own website. SITE Intelligence Group described the Facebook
Facebook
page as a "recruitment center" looking for people to edit the TTP's quarterly magazine and videos. The page was soon removed by Facebook
Facebook
and the account suspended.

RELATIONS WITH OTHER MILITANT GROUPS

In a May 2010 interview, U.S. Gen. David Petraeus described the TTP's relationship with other militant groups as difficult to decipher: "There is clearly a symbiotic relationship between all of these different organizations: al-Qaeda, the Pakistani Taliban, the Afghan Taliban, TNSM . And it's very difficult to parse and to try to distinguish between them. They support each other, they coordinate with each other, sometimes they compete with each other, sometimes they even fight each other. But at the end of the day, there is quite a relationship between them."

Director of National Intelligence and United States
United States
Navy Admiral, Dennis C. Blair
Dennis C. Blair
, told U.S. senators that the Pakistani state and army meanwhile draw clear distinctions among different militant groups. While links exist between the Pakistani and Afghan Taliban, the two groups are distinct enough for the Pakistani military to be able to view them very differently. American officials said that the S Wing of the Pakistani ISI provided direct support to three major groups carrying out attacks in Afghanistan: the Afghan Taliban
Taliban
based in Quetta, Pakistan, commanded by Mullah Muhammad Omar ; the militant network run by Gulbuddin Hekmatyar ; and a different group run by the guerrilla leader Jalaluddin Haqqani , all considered a strategic asset by Pakistan
Pakistan
in contrast to the TTP run by Hakimullah Mehsud, which has engaged the Pakistani army in combat.

AFGHAN TALIBAN

Main article: Taliban
Taliban

The Afghan Taliban
Taliban
and the Tehrik-i- Taliban
Taliban
Pakistan
Pakistan
differ greatly in their history, leadership and goals although they are both predominantly Pashtun . The two groups are distinct, though linked, movements. An Afghan Taliban
Taliban
spokesman told The New York Times : "We don’t like to be involved with them, as we have rejected all affiliation with Pakistani Taliban
Taliban
fighters ... We have sympathy for them as Muslims, but beside that, there is nothing else between us." Peshawar-based security analyst Brigadier (retd) Muhamaad Saad believes the Taliban
Taliban
are not a monolithic entity. "They can be divided into three broad categories: Kandahari Taliban, led by Mullah Omar; Paktia Taliban, led by Jalaluddin Haqqani and his son Sirajuddin Haqqani; and Salfi Taliban
Taliban
," he said. "It’s the Salfi Taliban
Taliban
who pose a real threat to Pakistan. They may not be obeying the Taliban supreme leader Mullah Omar." Some regional experts state that the common name "Taliban" may be more misleading than illuminating. Gilles Dorronsoro of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace
Carnegie Endowment for International Peace
believes that "he fact that they have the same name causes all kinds of confusion." As the Pakistani Army began offensives against the Pakistani Taliban, many unfamiliar with the region mistakenly thought that the assault was against the Afghan Taliban
Taliban
of Mullah Omar.

Although the TTP has claimed allegiance with the Afghan Taliban
Taliban
in the Afghan Taliban's insurgency in Afghanistan, the two groups have no direct affiliation. The TTP has almost exclusively targeted elements of the Pakistani state. The Afghan Taliban
Taliban
however have historically relied on support from the Pakistani army in their campaign to control Afghanistan. Regular Pakistani army troops fought alongside the Afghan Taliban
Taliban
in the War in Afghanistan
Afghanistan
(1996–2001) . Major leaders of the Afghan Taliban
Taliban
including Mullah Omar, Jalaluddin Haqqani and Siraj Haqqani are believed to enjoy safe haven in Pakistan. In 2006, Jalaluddin Haqqani was called a 'Pakistani asset' by a senior official of Pakistan's Inter-Services Intelligence. Pakistan
Pakistan
regards the Haqqanis as an important force for protecting its interests in Afghanistan
Afghanistan
and therefore has been unwilling to move against them.

Before the creation of the TTP some of their leaders and fighters were among the 10,000 Pakistani, Arab
Arab
and Central Asian militants fighting as part of a 25,000 force in the War in Afghanistan (1996–2001) and the War in Afghanistan (2001-present)
War in Afghanistan (2001-present)
against the anti- Taliban
Taliban
United Islamic Front and NATO
NATO
forces. A 1998 U.S. State Department report stated that "20–40 percent of Taliban
Taliban
soldiers Pakistani." After the fall of the Afghan Taliban
Taliban
in late 2001, many Pakistani Taliban
Taliban
militants, including members of today's TTP, sought refuge in Pakistan. Afghan Taliban
Taliban
maintaining contacts to Pakistan's ISI also fled for Pakistan
Pakistan
where they regrouped, maintain safe havens and training camps and from where they launched their insurgency in Afghanistan. Members of the two groups easily cross back and forth across the border between the two countries . A journalist embedded with Canadian troops in Kandahar Province
Kandahar Province
in the summer of 2006 indicated that "Pakistani Taliban
Taliban
were routinely captured" at the time. Captured fighters admitted to being recruited and trained in Pakistan.

In 2007, Pakistani militants loyal to Baitullah Mehsud created the Tehrik-i- Taliban
Taliban
Pakistan
Pakistan
and killed around 200 rival Pakistani leaders. They officially defined goals to establish their rule over Pakistan's Federally Administered Tribal Areas subsequently engaging the Pakistani army in heavy combat operations. Intelligence analysts believe that these TTP's attacks on the Pakistani government, police and army strained relations between the Pakistani Taliban
Taliban
and the Afghan Taliban. Afghan Taliban
Taliban
leader Mullah Omar asked the Tehrik-i- Taliban
Taliban
Pakistan
Pakistan
in late 2008 and early 2009 to stop attacks inside Pakistan, to change their focus as an organization and to fight the Afghan National Army and ISAF
ISAF
forces in Afghanistan
Afghanistan
instead.

In February 2009, the three dominant Pakistani Taliban
Taliban
leaders agreed to put aside their differences to help counter a planned increase in American troops in Afghanistan
Afghanistan
and reaffirmed their allegiance to Mullah Omar (and to Osama bin Laden
Osama bin Laden
). The agreement among the TTP leaders was short-lived, however, and instead of fighting alongside the Afghan Taliban
Taliban
the rival Pakistani factions soon engaged in combat with each other.

In early January 2012, TTP spokesman Ihsanullah Ihsan announced that rival Taliban
Taliban
groups had made a new attempt to unite under a five-member council called the Shura-e-Murakeba at the behest of Mullah Omar. The TTP, he said, had agreed to Mullah Omar's demand to end suicide attacks, attacks against the Pakistani military, kidnappings for ransom, and the killing of innocent Pakistanis so that they could help focus on US forces in Afghanistan. Among the factions in the agreement were those led by Hakimullah Mehsud, Maulvi Nazir, Waliur Rahman, Hafiz Gul Bahadur and Siraj Haqqani.

Recently following the TTP's Peshawar school massacre , the leaders of the Afghan Taliban
Taliban
condemned the TTP's actions on the school, saying it was "Un-Islamic" Future relations between the Afghan Taliban
Taliban
and TTP are unknown.

Cross-border Controversy

Further information: Afghanistan– Pakistan
Pakistan
skirmishes

In July 2011, after Pakistani missile attacks against Afghan provinces, Pakistani media reports alleged that senior Pakistani Taliban
Taliban
leaders were operating from Afghanistan
Afghanistan
to launch attacks against Pakistani border posts. According to the reports, Qari Zia-ur-Rahman hosted Faqir Muhammad in Kunar province while Sheikh Dost Muhammad, a local Afghan Taliban
Taliban
leader, hosted Maulana Fazlullah in Nuristan province . Faqir Muhammad, who claimed responsibility for a 4 July 2011 attack on a paramilitary checkpoint and for similar attacks in June 2011 on several border villages in Bajaur, stated during a radio broadcast, "Our fighters carried out these two attacks from Afghanistan, and we will launch more such attacks inside Afghanistan
Afghanistan
and in Pakistan." Afghan Taliban
Taliban
spokesman Zabihullah Mujahid strongly rejected the reports and denied the possibility of Pakistani Taliban
Taliban
setting up bases in Afghan Taliban-controlled areas. Tameem Nuristani, Governor of Afghanistan's Nuristan Province, told The Express Tribune
The Express Tribune
that while the "Afghan Taliban
Taliban
have never carried out cross-border attacks in Pakistan," TTP militants may have "safe-havens" in Kunar and Nuristan in "areas where the government’s writ does not exist".

In June 2012 a spokesman from the TTP's Malakand division revealed to The Express Tribune
The Express Tribune
that TTP militants "regularly move across the porous border" to stage attacks against Pakistan
Pakistan
but had only been in Afghanistan
Afghanistan
for a few months previously, contrary to Pakistani claims that the TTP had long used Afghan territory as a staging ground.

Both governments blame the other for harboring Taliban
Taliban
militants along the shared border. In 2009 Pakistan
Pakistan
launched offensives to force the Tehrik-i- Taliban
Taliban
Pakistan
Pakistan
from its territory in South Waziristan . Some analysts say the fighting pushed TTP militants to the Nuristan and Kunar provinces of Afghanistan, where they have regrouped to threaten Pakistani border regions. The Pakistani military claims "scanty presence" of NATO
NATO
and Afghan forces along the border has enabled militants to use these areas as safe havens and launch repeated attacks inside Pakistan. Afghan officials state that the withdrawal of US forces out of parts of Kunar province beginning in 2010 created a power vacuum that militants filled. They point to the fact that the Afghan state in some areas has little control due to its war against the Afghan Taliban
Taliban
which are supported by Pakistan according to many international and Afghan institutions, analysts and officials. Pakistan
Pakistan
vehemently denies this claim, although some Afghan Taliban
Taliban
commanders stated that their training was indeed overseen by "ISI officers in a camp in Pakistan" and that they were being armed by Pakistan
Pakistan
to fight the Afghan state and international troops in Afghanistan. Although the Afghan Taliban
Taliban
have asked the TTP to stop attacks against the Pakistani military and state and themselves do not carry out such attacks, they do not fight TTP militants crossing the border.

Recently following the TTP's Peshawar school massacre Afghan taliban leader's condemned the TTP's actions on the school, saying it was "Un-Islamic".

AL-QAEDA

Tehrik-i- Taliban
Taliban
Pakistan
Pakistan
has close ties to Al Qaeda , sharing money and bomb experts and makers. John Brennan , President Obama’s chief counterterrorism adviser, said: "It's a group that is closely allied with al-Qaeda. They train together, they plan together, they plot together. They are almost indistinguishable." Ambassador-at-large Daniel Benjamin stated, "The T.T.P. and Al Qaeda have a symbiotic relationship: T.T.P. draws ideological guidance from Al Qaeda, while Al Qaeda relies on the T.T.P. for safe haven in the Pashtun areas along the Afghan-Pakistani border... This mutual cooperation gives T.T.P. access to both Al Qaeda’s global terrorist network and the operational experience of its members. Given the proximity of the two groups and the nature of their relationship, T.T.P. is a force multiplier for Al Qaeda." Ayesha Siddiqa of the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars describes the TTP as "a franchise of al Qaeda" and attributes strong ties to al-Qaeda's acquisition of "a more local character over the years." Since the days of the Soviet era, some al-Qaeda operatives have established themselves in Pashtun areas and enmeshed themselves in the local culture.

In 2008 Baitullah Mehsud met with Ayman al-Zawahiri in South Waziristan. Prior to this meeting the Pakistani Taliban
Taliban
answered to the Afghan Taliban
Taliban
and pro- Pakistan
Pakistan
militant commanders. At the time Pakistani authorities believed that Mehsud was in fact an al-Qaeda operative. In February 2009 Baitullah Mehsud, Hafiz Gul Bahadur and Maulavi Nazir released a statement in which they reaffirmed their allegiance to Osama bin Laden.

GHAZI ABDUL RASHID SHAHEED BRIGADE

The Ghazi Abdul Rashid Shaheed Brigade, whose name is commonly shortened to Ghazi Brigade or Ghazi Force , emerged as a jihadi organization after the Lal Masjid Operation of 2007. In 2009 the Ghazi Brigade worked closely with the TTP during military operations in the Swat Valley, and the two groups jointly planned attacks on western targets in Islamabad.

ISLAMIC MOVEMENT OF UZBEKISTAN

The TTP and the Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan
Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan
(IMU) have a long history of collaboration. At one point prior to his appointment as TTP chief, Baitullah Mehsud lived with Tohir Yo\'ldosh , the IMU's former leader, who became an ideological inspiration and offered the services of his 2,500 fighters to Mehsud. In April 2009 Muslim Khan listed the IMU among the TTP's allies in an interview with AP. The IMU posted a video online in September 2010 that featured footage of Yo'ldosh's successor, Abu Usman Adil, meeting with Hakimullah Mehsud
Hakimullah Mehsud
and Wali-ur Rahman Mehsud. On 8 June 2014, the TTP accepted responsibility for conducting the Jinnah International Airport attack . The militants who participated in the attack were Uzbeks belonging to the IMU, and the TTP described the attack as a joint operation between TTP and IMU.

TEHRIK-I-TALIBAN PUNJAB

The Tehrik-i- Taliban
Taliban
Punjab ( Urdu
Urdu
/Punjabi /Saraiki : تحریک طالبان پنجاب), alternatively called the Punjabi Taliban, was a network of members of banned militant groups based in South Punjab , the southernmost region of Pakistan's most populous Punjab province. The group was disbanded in September 2014 and is no longer active. Major factions of the so-called Punjabi Taliban
Taliban
include operatives of Lashkar-i-Jhangvi , Sipah-i-Sahaba Pakistan
Pakistan
and Jysh-i-Muhammad , who have previously supported the Kashmir insurgency against India
India
in Jammu and Kashmir , a disputed territory administered by India
India
that is claimed by Pakistan. TTP has significant recruits from Punjab-based sectarian organizations also called Punjabi Taliban. The Punjabi Taliban
Taliban
have reportedly developed strong connections with the Tehrik-i- Taliban
Taliban
Pakistan, the Afghan Taliban
Taliban
, Tehreek-e-Nafaz-e-Shariat-e-Mohammadi
Tehreek-e-Nafaz-e-Shariat-e-Mohammadi
and various other groups based in the North West Frontier Province (NWFP) and the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA). It has increasingly provided the foot-soldiers for violent acts and has played an important role in attacking Ahmedi , Shia , Sufi and other civilian targets in the Punjab.

The term "Punjabi Taliban" is politically sensitive among Pakistanis, given that Punjabis are the largest ethnic group in the country and have historically been disassociated with the Taliban, an organisation that has Afghan and Pashtun roots. Although the Punjabi Taliban
Taliban
are claimed and believed to be an established militant group, the Government of Punjab has denied and rejected their existence. Shahbaz Sharif , the Punjab Chief Minister , has claimed that the term Punjabi Taliban
Taliban
is "an insult to the Punjabis " and accuses that it was coined by Rehman Malik purposely on ethnic grounds. During a 17 March 2010 cabinet meeting Malik confirmed that Punjabi militants had joined Waziristan-based Taliban
Taliban
to stage attacks inside Punjab. Georgetown University 's C. Christine Fair
C. Christine Fair
writes that "the movement is composed of Pashtuns
Pashtuns
and Punjabis, among other Pakistani and even foreign elements."

The Lahore
Lahore
police accused them of being responsible for the 3 March 2009 attack on the Sri Lankan cricket team in Lahore
Lahore
.

The group also claimed the 2009 Lahore
Lahore
bombing shortly after the attack, although the attack was also claimed by Tehrik-i-Taliban Pakistan, and the May 2010 attacks on Ahmadi mosques in Lahore
Lahore
which were aimed at the Ahmadi minority sect.

Pamphlets found at the scene of the March 2011 assassination of Shahbaz Bhatti implicated the Punjabi Taliban.

On 24 August 2013, a spokesman for the Tehrik-i- Taliban
Taliban
Pakistan claimed that the head of the Punjabi Taliban
Taliban
faction, Asmatullah Muawiya, had been stripped of his leadership for welcoming the Pakistani government’s peace talks offer. Muawiya responded by saying that the Taliban
Taliban
central shura (council) did not have the capacity to remove him because the Punjabi Taliban
Taliban
is a separate group. He added that his group has its own decision-making body to decide leadership and other matters. On 13 September 2014, Muawiya announced that their faction was ending their armed struggle to implement sharia within Pakistan, however it would continue armed struggle in Afghanistan. He urged other warring groups to end violence in Pakistan.

They are closely related as they operate close to each other

OTHER GROUPS

US officials admitted to The New York Times that they found it increasingly difficult to separate the operations of the various Pakistani militant groups active in the tribal areas of Pakistan. Individuals and groups that are believed to have a supportive relationship with the TTP include:

* Harkat-ul Jihad Islami (HuJI), an al-Qaeda-linked terror group

* Ilyas Kashmiri - killed * Qari Saifullah Akhtar

* Jaish-e-Mohammed
Jaish-e-Mohammed
* Lashkar-e-Jhangvi * Lashkar-e-Taiba * Sipah-e-Sahaba Pakistan

FOREIGN SUPPORT/LINKAGES

The Pakistani military and civilian leadership have repeatedly alleged that the Indian intelligence agency RAW has been funding and training TTP members using a network of Indian consulates in Afghanistan
Afghanistan
along Pakistani border. According to the Pakistani allegations, when the Tehreek-i- Taliban
Taliban
Pakistan
Pakistan
(TTP) emerged Afghan and Indian intelligence were quick to seize the opportunity to infiltrate and utilize some of its elements, particularly Baitullah Mehsud’s kin, against Pakistan
Pakistan
and its armed forces. Pakistan
Pakistan
claims NDS officials have openly admitted to their involvement with Tehreek-e-Taliban.

In December 2014, after the Peshawar school attack in which 132 children were killed, the Pakistani authorities again alleged that there were significant proofs of Indian support of TTP to destabilize Pakistan
Pakistan
and to counter Pakistan's Afghan policy. Pakistan
Pakistan
Army's official spokesman, Maj.Gen Asim Bajwa, said in the aftermath of 2014 Peshawar School attack that, " India
India
is funding Taliban
Taliban
in Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) and Balochistan. He said that a banned outfit cannot function on such a big scale unless foreign powers are funding it." In addition to Indian intelligence agency Research and Analysis Wing , the Pakistanis claim that Afghan intelligence agencies are also involved in the support of TTP. Notably, A major TTP leader, Latif Mehsud, was caught by the American troops in Afghanistan
Afghanistan
while he was in a convoy escorted by Afghan Intelligence. American forces captured the TTP leader and handed him over to Pakistani authorities, much to the anger of Afghan President Hamid Karzai. At the time, Karzai's spokesman told the Washington Post Mehsud was traveling with a convoy of Afghan intelligence officials who wanted to recruit him for peace talks, and that the U.S forcibly removed him. Pakistanis claim this as a major proof of Afghan Intelligence agencies' support for TTP. According to Pakistani Ex-President and Army Chief, Gen Pervez Musharraf, Pakistan
Pakistan
has a history of supporting Taliban
Taliban
in Afghanistan, similarly, India
India
and Afghanistan
Afghanistan
are now supporting TTP in Pakistan
Pakistan
to counter Pakistan's efforts, giving rise to the phenomenon of Pakistan
Pakistan
and India's proxy wars in Af/Pak.

The Sindh Home Ministry on November 2015, wrote a letter to the Rangers and Police claiming Taliban
Taliban
had funded terrorist activities in Karachi. According to the letter, RAW funded around Rs 20 million for terrorist activities in Karachi. "The funding has been provided to banned Tehreek-e- Taliban
Taliban
Swat," the letter claimed.

CLAIMED AND ALLEGED ATTACKS

Main article: List of terrorist incidents in Pakistan
Pakistan
since 2001

* The Pakistani government implicated the network in the December 2007 assassination of Benazir Bhutto although the group denies the charge. The U.S. Central Intelligence Agency also confirmed its belief of TTP's involvement in January 2008. * The Tehreek-e-Nafaz-e-Shariate-Mohammadi (TNSM) claimed responsibility for a 23 December 2007 suicide bombing targeting a military convoy on behalf of the TTP. The blast in the Mingora area of the Swat Valley killed five soldiers and six civilians. * TTP spokesman Maulvi Umar claimed responsibility of 2008 Dera Ismail Khan suicide bombing . * TTP spokesman Maulvi Umar claimed that the group was responsible for 21 August 2008 suicide bomb attack on a military complex. * TTP claimed responsibility for the 23 August 2008 Swat Valley bombing . * Someone using the name Abdur Rehman claimed that the TTP was behind a 6 November 2008 suicide bombing that targeted tribal elders, who had gathered in the Bajaur
Bajaur
tribal area to discuss efforts to coordinate with the government against the Pakistani Taliban. The blast took the lives of 16 and injured 31. * On 13 November 2008, the TTP intercepted a military convoy along the Khyber Pass
Khyber Pass
bound for NATO
NATO
troops in Afghanistan. * In telephone interviews with news media Mehsud claimed responsibility for the 30 March 2009 attack on the police training academy in Lahore
Lahore
. He told the BBC
BBC
that the attack was in retaliation for continued missile strikes from American drones for which the Pakistani government shared responsibility. In the same interview Mehsud claimed two other attacks: a 25 March attack on an Islamabad
Islamabad
police station and a 30 March suicide attack on a military convoy near Bannu . * Mehsud claimed responsibility for the Binghamton shootings , stating that they were in retaliation for continued missile strikes from American drones . The FBI denied this claim and stated this had nothing to do with Mehsud. * Azam Tariq, spokesman of the TTP, claimed responsibility for a suicide bombing at a security checkpoint along the Pakistan-Afghan border near Torkham
Torkham
on 27 August 2009. Tariq said by telephone that the attack was the first in retaliation for the death of Baitullah Mehsud. Although the exact number of casualties was unknown, a doctor at a nearby hospital told Dawn News
Dawn News
that they had received 22 bodies and local people working at the blast site said they had retrieved 13 bodies. * Azam Tariq claimed responsibility for a suicide attack that killed five at the UN's World Food Programme Islamabad
Islamabad
offices on 5 October 2009. * The TTP, through Azam Tariq, claimed responsibility for the October 2009 attack on the army's headquarters at Rawalpindi . Tariq told the Associated Press that the attack was carried out by its "Punjabi faction" although the military insisted the attack originated in South Waziristan. * The militant group claimed responsibility for three separate coordinated attacks in Lahore. 10 militants targeted buildings used by the Federal Investigation Agency (FIA), the Manawan Police Training School and the Elite Police Academy . * The Pakistani Taliban, as well as the Afghan Taliban, claimed responsibility for the 30 December 2009 attack on Camp Chapman , a base of operations for the CIA
CIA
, inside Khost Province , Afghanistan. The TTP released a video of Hakimullah Mehsud
Hakimullah Mehsud
sitting next to the suicide bomber, Humam Khalil Abu Mulal al-Balawi , a Jordanian national who had been working with the CIA. In the video, al-Balawi states that the attack is in retaliation for the killing of Baitullah Mehsud. Many analysts doubted that the TTP acted alone. * In a video posting on YouTube, Qari Hussain claimed that the TTP was behind the May 2010 attempted car bomb in New York City's Times Square . (Previously the TTP had claimed responsibility for a shooting at an immigrant centre in NY, but it was dismissed as a hoax claim) * An attack on two minority mosques in Lahore
Lahore
during May 2010 was claimed by the Taliban. * In July 2010, the TTP claimed responsibility for a suicide bombing in the Mohmand Agency. Two blasts occurred outside a senior government official's office as people gathered to receive relief supplies. As many as 56 people died and at least 100 suffered injuries. * On 4 October 2010 the TTP claimed responsibility for an attack near Islamabad
Islamabad
on fuel tankers bound for NATO
NATO
troops in Afghanistan. * In December 2010, the TTP claimed responsibility for a double suicide bombing upon administrative buildings in the Mohmand district's Ghalalnai village. The blast killed 40–50 people. The purported head of the TTP in Mohmand, Omar Khalid, claimed responsibility in a telephone call with the AFP. The military's chief spokesman, Major General Athar Abbas indicated to Al Jazeera that the TTP attackers were based in neighboring Afghanistan. * In December 2010, the TTP in South Waziristan
South Waziristan
kidnapped 23 tribesmen who had recently attended meetings with the Pakistani military. * The TTP claimed responsibility for a 15 January 2011 attack on NATO
NATO
fuel tankers likely bound for the border crossing town of Chaman . Azam Tariq told the AP, "We have assigned our fighters to go after NATO
NATO
supply tankers wherever in Pakistan." * On 31 January 2011 Azam Tariq, on behalf of the TTP, claimed responsibility of a suicide bombing in Peshawar that targeted police. The blast killed 5 people (3 police and 2 civilians) and injured 11. * On 10 February 2011 the TTP claimed responsibility for a suicide bombing at an army compound in Mardan
Mardan
that killed at least 31 people. Azam Tariq told the AFP that the attack was in response to repeated U.S. drone attacks and military incursions in the tribal areas. He also threatened further attacks against "those who protect the Americans". * The TTP released a video of the execution of a former ISI officer known as Colonel Imam . The TTP said they had carried out the murder on 17 February 2011. His body was found near Mir Ali, North Waziristan. * On 8 March 2011 a car bomb explosion at a gas station in Faisalabad killed at least 32 and injured 125. Pakistani Taliban spokesman Ehsanullah Ehsan claimed responsibility and stated that the intended target was a nearby ISI office. He said that the attack was in retaliation for the death of a Taliban
Taliban
commander the previous year. * On 9 March 2011 a suicide bomber attacked a funeral procession in Peshawar. The procession consisted of many anti- Taliban
Taliban
militiamen. Spokesman Ehsanullah Ehsan said the Pakistani Taliban
Taliban
had carried out the attack because the militiamen had allied themselves with the Pakistani government and, by extension, the United States. * On 4 April 2011 two suicide bombers attacked a Sufi shrine in Dera Ghazi Khan , Pakistan. The bombings occurred while thousands of devotees were gathered for the annual Urs celebrations at the shrine. The attack left more than 50 people dead, as well as 120 wounded. The Pakistani Taliban
Taliban
are ideologically opposed to Sufism and claimed responsibility soon after the attacks. * Pakistani Taliban
Taliban
claimed responsibility for two remotely detonated explosions that targeted two Pakistani Navy buses in Karachi on 26 April 2011. * Spokesman Ehsanullah Ehsan claimed responsibility for a 28 April 2011 attack upon a Pakistani Navy bus in Karachi
Karachi
that killed 5. * On 13 May 2011 the TTP claimed responsibility for a dual suicide bomb attacks on a Frontier Constabulary (FC) headquarters in Shabqadar, a town about 30 kilometers north of Peshawar, in Charsadda District . The attack killed more than 80 and injured at least 115 people. Most of the casualties were FC cadets. TTP spokesman Ehsanullah Ehsan claimed that the attack was retribution for the killing of Osama bin Laden. * The TTP claimed responsibility for a 22 May 2011 attack on a naval station in Karachi. * A suicide bomber drove an explosives-laden pickup truck into a Peshawar police building on 25 May 2011. The blast killed six and wounded 30. The Pakistani Taliban
Taliban
claimed responsibility. * On 13 September 2011, five militants with assault rifles and rockets attacked a school bus, killing the driver, four boys aged 10 to 15, and wounding two seven-year-old girls. TTP claimed responsibility. * On 1 December 2011 the TTP claimed responsibility for the death of Hashim Zaman, an anti-TTP tribal leader, who was killed in Hangu . * TTP militants abducted 15 Pakistani paramilitary soldiers on 23 December 2011 from a fort in Mullazai . TTP spokesperson Ihsanullah Ihsan announced on 5 January 2012 that the militant group had executed the 15 paramilitary soldiers. The bodies were recovered close to a ravine and were mutilated according to locals. On 22 January 2012 the TTP released a video showing the execution of the 15 soldiers. * Ahmed Marwat, a spokesman for a Jandola
Jandola
faction of the TTP, claimed to Reuters
Reuters
that Mohammed Merah, a Frenchman of Algerian descent suspected of killing seven people in Toulouse
Toulouse
, France
France
, had received TTP training in North Waziristan. However, Marwat denied the TTP's involvement in the shootings, and the head of French intelligence indicated they had no evidence that Merah belonged to any militant Islamist group. Pakistani officials allege that the TTP trained 85 French nationals between 2009 and 2012. * The TTP Khyber Agency
Khyber Agency
faction claimed responsibility for a 23 March 2012 bombing that targeted a mosque, run by Lashkar-e-Islam (LeI), in Kolay village of Tirah Valley . The blast killed more than a dozen people and injured at least six others. A TTP spokesman told reporters that the attacks against the LeI would continue. * The TTP claimed responsibility for an 5 April 2012 suicide bombing targeting a police vehicle in Karachi. The blast killed two and injured nine. * On 15 April 2012 the TTP claimed responsibility for a prison break in Bannu . 384 convicts escaped although many were later recaptured. * A suicide bomb on 4 May 2012 killed 24 and wounded at least 45 in a Bajaur
Bajaur
market . The TTP claimed responsibility. * The Malakand branch of the TTP claimed responsibility for 24 June 2012 attacks on Pakistani security checkpoints near the Afghan border. 13 Pakistani troops were reportedly killed while 14 militants died. The Pakistani military alleged that the militants had crossed over from Afghanistan, but the TTP did not confirm in claiming responsibility. The TTP also denied that it had taken casualties. * On 25 June 2012 the TTP claimed responsibility for gunfire on Aaj News TV, a local station in Karachi. Two were injured. Ehsanullah Ehsan said that the TTP was upset that it was not receiving coverage equal to that of the Pakistani military and government. * On 9 July 2012 miltants linked to the TTP attacked an army camp near Gujrat city
Gujrat city
that killed seven soldiers and a policeman. A pamphlet found at the scene indicated that attacks against government installations would continue as long as Pakistan
Pakistan
allowed NATO
NATO
to use its territory to transport supplies into Afghanistan. * The TTP claimed responsibility for a 16 August 2012 attack on the Minhas Airbase in Kamra . The two-hour firefight resulted in the deaths of nine insurgents and two soldiers. Three other soldiers were wounded. * On 16 August 2012 militants removed 22 Shiites from buses and executed them in Mansehra District
Mansehra District
. The Darra Adam Khel faction of the TTP claimed responsibility in a telephone interview with Reuters. * The TTP claimed responsibility for the 9 October 2012 school-bus shooting of Malala Yousafzai , a young activist blogger, and two other schoolgirls. Supporting the attack, TTP spokesman Ehsanullah Ehsan stated “whom so ever leads a campaign against Islam and Shariah is ordered to be killed by Shariah.” He added that it is “not just allowed … but obligatory in Islam” to kill such a person involved “in leading a campaign against Shariah... ." * The TTP claimed responsibility for the 2014 Jinnah International Airport attack , which was carried out jointly with the Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan. The militants who participated in the attack were Uzbek foreigners. * The TTP claimed responsibility for the 2014 Peshawar school attack which claimed 141 lives, including 132 school children between eight and 18 years of age, with the remaining nine fatalities being staff members of the school. * A commander within the TTP claimed responsibility for the Bacha Khan University attack , in which at least thirty students and teachers were killed by as yet unidentified gunmen. However, a spokesperson for the Pakistan
Pakistan
Taliban
Taliban
denied the group's involvement.

INVOLVEMENT IN THE SYRIAN CIVIL WAR

Main article: Foreign rebel fighters in the Syrian Civil War

Taliban
Taliban
have limited aims and focused objectives. Tahreek Taliban Pakistan
Pakistan
is anti- Pakistan
Pakistan
and Afghan Taliban
Taliban
are struggling to end the foreign occupation of Afghanistan. There are unconfirmed reports that the Taliban
Taliban
have set up camps and reinforced hundreds of fighters to Syria
Syria
to fight alongside rebels opposed to Bashar al-Assad in continuity of cementation of ties with al Qaeda . Taliban
Taliban
commanders in Pakistan
Pakistan
said that they had decided to join the cause, saying hundreds of fighters had gone to Syria
Syria
to fight alongside their "Mujahedeen friends". The Taliban
Taliban
commander termed the Arab
Arab
fighters as their friends. Media reported the visit and setup of a Pakistani Taliban
Taliban
base in Syria
Syria
to assess "the needs of the jihad". The Taliban commander said: "Since our Arab
Arab
brothers have come here for our support, we are bound to help them in their respective countries and that is what we did in Syria" At least 12 experts in information technology and warfare were sent to Syria
Syria
in the last two months to aid the Mujahideen. The Pakistani government consider such report as fake and an effort to gain sympathies of other Muslims.

SEE ALSO

* Pakistan
Pakistan
portal * Terrorism portal

* Fedayeen al-Islam * Haqqani network
Haqqani network
* Ansar Al-Mujahideen * List of Taliban
Taliban
fatality reports in Pakistan
Pakistan
* Operation Rah-e-Nijat * Targeted killing * Tehreek-e-Nafaz-e-Shariat-e-Mohammadi
Tehreek-e-Nafaz-e-Shariat-e-Mohammadi
* Terrorism in Pakistan
Pakistan
* List of armed groups in the Syrian Civil War * Operation Zarb-e-Azb * Pashtunistan

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in Pakistan". Long War Journal . Retrieved 1 April 2015. * ^ Javed, Salman (1 March 2014). "TTP Profile Series: Omar Khalid Khorasani and Mohmand Chapter". pakistankakhudahafiz.com. Retrieved 19 March 2014. * ^ "Collective front: Mangal Bagh, Jamaatul Ahrar TTP merge". The Express Tribune . 13 March 2015. Retrieved 1 April 2015. * ^ Jahangiri, Hassan (14 February 2015). "FIR registered against Taliban\'s Geedar group". Dawn.com. Retrieved 1 April 2015. * ^ Khan, Ismail; Ahmed, Azam (17 December 2014). " Pakistan
Pakistan
Urges Afghans to Help
Help
Find Taliban
Taliban
Leaders Behind Massacre". The New York Times . Retrieved 1 April 2015. * ^ " Pakistan
Pakistan
says leader of school attack killed in U.S. drone strike". 14 July 2017 – via Reuters. * ^ Mir, Amir
Amir
(3 November 2013). "TTP power struggle intensifies". The News International . Retrieved 10 November 2013. * ^ A B Khan, M Ilyas (5 February 2013). "The Afghan-Pakistan militant nexus". BBC
BBC
News . Retrieved 1 April 2015. * ^ Sherazi, Zahir Shah (25 October 2014). "Taliban\'s Mehsud faction condemns attack on JUI-F chief". Dawn.com. Retrieved 1 April 2015. * ^ " Hafiz Gul Bahadur will be eliminated on sight: Maj Gen Zafarullah Khan". The Express Tribune
The Express Tribune
. 9 July 2014. Retrieved 1 April 2015. * ^ "TTP names new head for Mohmand Agency". The News International . 10 November 2014. Archived from the original on 11 November 2014. Retrieved 2 April 2015. * ^ Khan, Tahir (7 April 2015). "Switching loyalties: TTP chief in Bajaur
Bajaur
and his deputy quit". The Express Tribune
The Express Tribune
. Retrieved 8 April 2015. * ^ "JAAG TV Obtains Picture Of TTP Karachi
Karachi
Chief". cnbcpakistan.com. Retrieved 1 April 2015. * ^ Roggio, Bill (5 February 2013). "Taliban, IMU form Ansar al Aseer to free jihadist prisoners". Long War Journal . Retrieved 1 April 2015. * ^ Ali, Tahir (3 January 2013). "Taliban\'s Mullah Nazir killed in drone strike in Pak". rediff.com/news. Retrieved 1 April 2015. * ^ Zia Ur Rehman (19 September 2014). "Punjabi Taliban
Taliban
will fight in Afghanistan". The Friday Times . Retrieved 1 April 2015. * ^ Zia Ur Rehman (14 November 2014). "TTP is crumbling". The Friday Times . Retrieved 31 March 2015. * ^ Walsh, Declan; Khan, Ismail (10 July 2013). " Taliban
Taliban
Spokesman Is Ousted for ‘Creating Mistrust’". The New York Times . Retrieved 31 March 2015. * ^ Yusufzai, Mushtaq (13 March 2015). "Two senior TTP commanders among four killed in Afghanistan". The News International . Retrieved 31 March 2015. * ^ " Lashkar-e-Islam spokesperson phones to deny death". The Express Tribune . Reuters
Reuters
. 26 March 2015. Retrieved 31 March 2015. * ^ Sherazi, Zahir Shah (14 April 2014). "Afghan Taliban
Taliban
seek tribesmen’s help to stop TTP infighting". dawn.com. Retrieved 31 March 2015. * ^ Ali, Tahir (12 May 2014). "Confusion prevails over who leads Taliban
Taliban
in SWA". The Nation (Pakistan)
The Nation (Pakistan)
. Retrieved 13 May 2014. * ^ Bergen, Peter; Tiedemann, Katherine (2013). Talibanistan: Negotiating the Borders Between Terror, Politics, and Religion. Oxford University Press. p. 175. ISBN 9780199893096 . * ^ "List of global terrorists: TTP faction says US move validates its ‘jihad’". The Express Tribune
The Express Tribune
. 26 October 2014. Retrieved 31 March 2015. * ^ Nasaruminallah (17 November 2014). "Hafiz Gul Bahadur’s aides among 34 militants killed in N Waziristan". The Express Tribune
The Express Tribune
. Retrieved 31 March 2015. * ^ Mullen, Jethro; Shah, Zahir (18 March 2015). "Ex-lawyer for doctor who helped CIA
CIA
in bin Laden hunt killed in Pakistan". CNN
CNN
. Retrieved 31 March 2015. * ^ "Pakistani Taliban
Taliban
release Faisal Shahzad\'s martyrdom tape ". CSMonitor.com. Retrieved 2012-12-11. * ^ "cid attack karachi wasiyat". YouTube. 2011-11-12. Retrieved 2012-11-08. * ^ " Taliban
Taliban
vows to unleash jihad in Kashmir, implement Sharia". Rediff. January 8, 2013. Retrieved January 10, 2013. * ^ "Pakistani Taliban
Taliban
recruits via Facebook". The Express Tribune. 7 December 2012. Retrieved 10 January 2012. * ^ A B " Facebook
Facebook
shuts down Taliban
Taliban
account: Report". The Express Tribune. 11 December 2012. Retrieved 10 January 2013. * ^ A B Mazetti, Marc; Eric Schmitt (26 March 2009). "Afghan Strikes by Taliban
Taliban
Get Pakistan
Pakistan
Help, U.S. Aides Say". New York Times.

* ^ A B Waldman, Matt (June 2010), "The Sun in the Sky: The Relationship between Pakistan\'s ISI and Afghan Insurgents" (PDF), Crisis States Discussion Papers (PDF)format= requires url= (help ), London: Crisis States Research Centre, p. 3, Separately, there are a wide range of Islamist militant groups, principally based in north-west Pakistan, a large number of which coalesced under the banner of Tehrik-e-Taleban-e- Pakistan, also known as the Pakistani Taliban
Taliban
(Franco 2009:269). Although the ISI previously supported many of these groups, since 2007 the militants have increasingly turned their fire on Pakistani state.8 Consequently, the Pakistani military has undertaken extensive operations against their strongholds in the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa.9 While there are undoubtedly links between the Pakistani and Afghan Taliban, they appear to be sufficiently distinct for the Pakistani military and ISI to treat them very differently. * ^ A B C D "TTP says Osama welcome in Swat: Taliban
Taliban
reject peace accord". Lahore: Daily Times. 22 April 2009. Archived from the original on 25 April 2009. Retrieved 11 September 2009. Muslim Khan counted the Lashkar-e-Tayyaba, the Jaish-e-Muhammad, the Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan, Al Qaeda, and the Taliban
Taliban
of Afghanistan
Afghanistan
among his allies. "If we need, we can call them and if they need, they can call us," he said. He said his forces would go to help the Taliban
Taliban
in Afghanistan
Afghanistan
if the United States
United States
and NATO
NATO
continue to fight there. * ^ A B "Border incursions: Suspicions grow about Afghan support for TTP". The Express Tribune. 11 September 2011. Retrieved 11 September 2011. * ^ A B "Documents Detail Years of Pakistani Support for Taliban, Extremists". George Washington University
George Washington University
. 2007. * ^ Marcela Grad. Massoud: An Intimate Portrait of the Legendary Afghan Leader (1 March 2009 ed.). Webster University Press. p. 310. * ^ A B C U.S. attack on Taliban
Taliban
kills 23 in Pakistan, The New York Times , 9 September 2008 * ^ " Afghanistan
Afghanistan
resistance leader feared dead in blast". London: Ahmed Rashid in the Telegraph. 11 September 2001. * ^ A B Hussain, Zahid (2007). Frontline Pakistan: The Struggle With Militant Islam. Columbia University Press. p. 107. ISBN 0-85368-769-2 . * ^ Roggio, Bill (10 June 2010). "Afghan Taliban
Taliban
deny being supported by Pakistan". The Long War Journal. Public Multimedia Inc. Retrieved 14 February 2011. After the US ousted Mullah Omar from power in 2001 and 2002, the Taliban
Taliban
and al Qaeda regrouped in the Pakistani province of Baluchistan as well as in northwestern Pakistan. The Afghan Taliban
Taliban
teamed up with Pakistani Taliban
Taliban
factions and maintain safe havens and training camps in Pakistan
Pakistan
to this day. * ^ A B "Is Pakistan
Pakistan
Doing All It Should to Secure Its Afghan Border?". 7 March 2007. Retrieved 17 February 2011. To ignore that the Taliban
Taliban
in Afghanistan
Afghanistan
receive very real support from Pakistan understates the severity of the problem. When thousands of Taliban from Pakistan
Pakistan
have been positively identified as organizing, arming, training, and raiding from camps in Waziristan and Bajaur, this isn't a problem that can be easily swept under the rug. While I was embedded with the Canadian Army in Kandahar last summer, Pakistani Taliban
Taliban
were routinely captured. Last fall, captured fighters admitted to being recruited and trained in Pakistan. “Mullahs in Pakistan
Pakistan
were preaching to us that we are obliged to fight jihad in Afghanistan,” said a Pakistani Taliban
Taliban
fighter named Alahuddin. “A Pakistani Taliban
Taliban
commander, Saifullah, introduced us to a guide who escorted us to Barmal.” The unit he crossed over with was largely from North Waziristan, and Maulivi Saifullah signed the Waziristan Accord. There are numerous accounts such as this. * ^ A B " Taliban
Taliban
pledge not to target security forces". The News International. 3 January 2012. Archived from the original on 2 January 2012. Retrieved 3 January 2012. * ^ A B Mehsud, Sailab (3 January 2012). " Taliban
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Taliban
condemned \'un-Islamic\' Pakistan
Pakistan
school carnage". IBT. Retrieved 17 December 2014. * ^ Tahir, Khan (8 July 2011). "Cross-border cooperation: Ties that bind militants persist". The Express Tribune. Retrieved 8 July 2011. * ^ Khan, Anwarullah; Abbot, Sebastian (7 July 2011). "Taliban commander back on the air in Pakistan". Seattle Times. Associated Press. Retrieved 10 July 2011. * ^ Khan, Tahir (26 June 2012). "TTP admits to having safe haven in Afghanistan". The Express Tribune. Retrieved 27 June 2012. * ^ "Afghanistan, Pakistan
Pakistan
clash over border violence". dawn.com. AFP. 2 July 2012. Retrieved 2 July 2012. * ^ " Pakistan
Pakistan
offensive: troops meet heavy Taliban
Taliban
resistance". The Daily Telegraph. London. 17 October 2009. Retrieved 9 April 2010. * ^ A B "Militants from Afghanistan
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attack Pakistani posts". Reuters. Reuters. 27 August 2011. * ^ "What happened when US forces left Afghan hotspot?". BBC. 12 March 2011. * ^ Joscelyn, Thomas (22 September 2011). "Admiral Mullen: Pakistani ISI sponsoring Haqqani attacks". The Long War Journal. Retrieved 1 December 2011. * ^ Chris Allbritton (27 October 2011). " Pakistan
Pakistan
strongly denied Thursday a BBC
BBC
report that alleged the Pakistani military, along with its intelligence arm, supplied and protected the Afghan Taliban
Taliban
and al Qaeda". Reuters. Retrieved 27 October 2011. * ^ " Taliban
Taliban
Chiefs Admit Close Links to Pakistan
Pakistan
Intelligence". International Business Times. 26 October 2011. Retrieved 1 December 2011. * ^ Collyns, Sam (26 October 2011). " BBC
BBC
News – Afghanistan: Pakistan
Pakistan
accused of backing Taliban". BBC
BBC
News. Retrieved 1 December 2011. * ^ Hennessey, Kathleen (10 August 2010). "N.Y. bomber has al Qaeda tie, White House says". The San Francisco Chronicle. * ^ Search Results vengeful new militant group emerges in Pakistan hs Latest news, Breaking news, Pakistan
Pakistan
News, World news, business, sport and multimedia DAWN.COM Archived 4 July 2010 at the Wayback Machine . * ^ Roul, Animesh (10 July 2010). "Little-Known Ghazi Brigade Now a Major Player in the Punjabi Jihad?" (PDF). Terrorism Monitor. VIII (28): 5–6. Archived from the original (PDF) on 16 August 2010. Retrieved 10 February 2011. * ^ Syed Saleem Shahzad
Syed Saleem Shahzad
(8 August 2009). "Baitullah: Dead or alive, his battle rages". Asia Times . Archived from the original on 7 August 2009. Retrieved 7 August 2009. * ^ Anzalone, Christopher (28 January 2011). " Al Qaeda loses bridge to the West". Foreign Policy. The Slate Group. Retrieved 9 February 2011. * ^ A B " Karachi
Karachi
airport: Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan
Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan
claims attack". BBC. 11 June 2014. Retrieved 11 June 2014. * ^ A B "Punjabi Taliban
Taliban
call off armed struggle in Pakistan". Dawn. Retrieved 15 September 2014. * ^ A B "Deadly Taliban
Taliban
group gives up armed struggle in Pakistan". telegraph. 14 September 2014. Retrieved 15 September 2014. * ^ Militant Networks in North Waziristan The Daily Outlook Afghanistan
Afghanistan
Archived 23 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine . * ^ Hassan, Abbas (April 2009). "Defining the Punjabi Taliban Network" (PDF). CTC Sentinel. 2 (4): 1–4. Archived from the original (PDF) on 1 June 2010. Retrieved 25 January 2011. * ^ A B Majidyar, Ahmad K. (June 2010). "Could the Taliban
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Take Over Pakistan\'s Punjab Province?". Middle Eastern Outlook. Archived from the original on 9 February 2011. Retrieved 11 February 2011. * ^ A B "Things fall apart". The Economist . 3 March 2011. Retrieved 9 March 2011. * ^ Khan, Zia (5 July 2010). "Govt may tighten anti-terror laws". The Express Tribune. The Express Tribune
The Express Tribune
News Network. Retrieved 25 January 2011. However, the Punjab government is still denying the existence of "Punjabi militants" and has snubbed a demand for a crackdown on banned sectarian outfits that intelligence agencies say are now in collaboration with al Qaeda as well as the local Taliban. * ^ Khan, Aamer Ahmed (3 July 2010). "Jaag Punjabi jaag". The Express Tribune. The Express Tribune
The Express Tribune
News Network. Retrieved 25 January 2011. * ^ Pakistan
Pakistan
cricket raid suspect held. Al Jazeera English. 17 June 2009. * ^ "Pakistani Taliban
Taliban
claims Lahore
Lahore
attack". The Hindu. India. 29 May 2009. An unknown group called Tehreek-e- Taliban
Taliban
Punjab was also reported to have claimed the attack in a message posted on Turkish jihadist websites. SITE Intelligence, an American group tracking jihad websites, reported the claim late on Wednesday. * ^ Perlez, Jane (28 May 2010). "Attackers Hit Mosques of Islamic Sect in Pakistan". The New York Times. Retrieved 28 May 2010. * ^ "Terrorists silence another voice of interfaith harmony". Dawn . 2 March 2011. Retrieved 3 October 2013. * ^ "TTP ‘expel’ Punjabi Taliban
Taliban
leader for welcoming govt talks offer". Dawn . 24 August 2013. Retrieved 3 October 2013. * ^ A B Roggio, Bill (31 August 2009). "Pakistan\'s most-wanted: look at who isn\'t listed". The Long War Journal. Public Multimedia Inc. Retrieved 2 September 2009. * ^ Mir, Amir
Amir
(1 September 2009). "The top ten most wanted Jehadis". The News International. Jang Multimedia. Retrieved 26 September 2009. He later shifted his base to the Waziristan region and joined hands with Baitullah Mehsud. * ^ " Pakistan
Pakistan
and the Taliban". The Economist. 7 August 2009. Retrieved 26 September 2009. was also associated with Lashkar-e-Jhangvi. * ^ " India
India
sponsoring terrorism in Pakistan, alleges Rehman Malik". Hindustan Times. 23 Sep 2009. Retrieved 2015-02-19. * ^ " India
India
helping terrorists in Pakistan: Pak Defence Minister". Indian Express. 13 Jan 2015. Retrieved 2015-02-21. * ^ "MAPPING MILITANT ORGANIZATIONS, Tehreek-e- Taliban
Taliban
Pakistan". Stanford.edu. 13 Dec 2007. Retrieved 2015-02-19. * ^ Akram, Munir (2015-01-04). "War in the shadows". Dawn. Retrieved 2015-02-19. * ^ A B " India
India
funds TTP in FATA, Balochistan: DG ISPR". Dunya Tv. 2015-02-12. Retrieved 2015-02-19. * ^ "Foreign intelligence services bankrolling terror: Report". Express Tribune. 2012-09-02. Retrieved 2015-02-19. * ^ Johnson, Kay (2014-12-07). "U.S. hands Pakistan
Pakistan
senior militant detained in Afghanistan". Reuters. Retrieved 2015-02-19. * ^ "Musharraf Warns of Proxy War With India
India
in Afghanistan". AFP/Tribune. 2014-11-18. Retrieved 2015-02-19. * ^ "Musharraf Warns of Proxy War With India
India
in Afghanistan". AFP/NDTV. 2014-11-18. Retrieved 2015-02-19. * ^ "RAW funded Rs 20 million for attacks in Karachi". * ^ Khan, Anwarullah (6 November 2008). "Bomber hits anti-militant tribal jirga; 16 dead". Dawn Media Group . Archived from the original on 10 November 2008. Retrieved 8 November 2008. * ^ A B " Lahore
Lahore
\'was Pakistan
Pakistan
Taleban op\'". BBC
BBC
News. 31 March 2009. Retrieved 31 March 2009. * ^ Ali, Mohammad Faisal (31 March 2009). "Baitullah claims responsibility for Manawan attack". Dawn Media Group . Retrieved 31 March 2009. * ^ "Pakistani Taliban
Taliban
chief Mehsud claims U.S. shooting". Thomson Reuters. 4 April 2009. Retrieved 4 April 2009. * ^ Shinwari, Ibrahim (28 August 2009). " Taliban
Taliban
claim responsibility for Khyber suicide attack". Dawn News. Archived from the original on 30 August 2009. Retrieved 28 August 2009. * ^ Ahmad, Munir; Ravi Nessman; Ishtiaq Mahsud; Hussain Afzal (6 October 2009). " Taliban
Taliban
claim responsibility for deadly UN blast". Yahoo! News. Associated Press. Archived from the original on 8 October 2009. Retrieved 6 October 2009. * ^ Khan, Riaz; Ishtiaq Mahsud; Babar Dogar (12 October 2009). " Pakistan
Pakistan
says 41 killed in market bombing". Yahoo! News. Associated Press. Archived from the original on 15 October 2009. Retrieved 12 October 2009. * ^ Hussain, Zahid; Rehmat Mehsud (15 October 2009). "Wave of Deadly Attacks in Pakistan". Wall Street Journal. Dow Jones & Company, Inc. Retrieved 15 October 2009. Tehrik-e- Taliban
Taliban
Pakistan
Pakistan
has claimed responsibility for the Lahore
Lahore
attacks, according to a private TV news channel, GEO News. * ^ " Taliban
Taliban
Video Claims Responsibility for The Times Square Attack May 2, 2010". 2 May 2010. Retrieved 6 May 2009. * ^ "Fifty-six killed, over 100 injured in Mohmand attack". Dawn. 9 July 2010. Archived from the original on 11 July 2010. Retrieved 9 July 2010. * ^ " Taliban
Taliban
claim Nato tanker attack". Al Jazeera. 4 October 2010. Retrieved 7 February 2011. * ^ "Suicide bombers kill 40 in Mohmand Agency". Dawn.com. 5 December 2010. Retrieved 6 December 2010. * ^ " Taliban
Taliban
claims Pakistan
Pakistan
blasts; 50 dead". UPI.com. 6 December 2010. Retrieved 6 December 2010. * ^ "Dozens killed in Pakistan
Pakistan
blasts". Al Jazeera. 7 December 2010. Retrieved 7 February 2011. * ^ " Taliban
Taliban
kidnap 23 tribesmen near South Waziristan". Dawn.com. Dawn Media Group. 27 December 2010. Retrieved 8 February 2011. * ^ " NATO
NATO
lorries torched in Pakistan". Al Jazeera. 15 January 2011. Retrieved 7 February 2011. * ^ "Senior police official among six killed in Peshawar blasts". Dawn.com. Dawn Media Group. 31 January 2011. Retrieved 31 January 2011. * ^ " Pakistan
Pakistan
attack: \'Schoolboy\' suicide bomber hits Mardan". BBC
BBC
News. 10 February 2011. Retrieved 10 February 2011. * ^ Khan, Haq Nawaz; Karin Brulliard (11 February 2011). "Teen suicide bomber kills army recruits in Pakistan". The Washington Post. Retrieved 10 February 2011. Officials maintain that the 17-year-old bomber was the only person involved in the attack. But Umar Hassan Ihravi, a spokesman for the area's Pakistani Taliban
Taliban
chapter, claiming responsibility for the attack, told reporters in the area that the bombing was carried out by two militants. One, he said, served as a lookout and escaped after the attack. Ihravi did not say how old the bomber was. * ^ "Body of Col Imam found near Mir Ali". Daily Times. 21 February 2011. Archived from the original on 27 February 2011. Retrieved 4 March 2011. * ^ Yusufzai, Rahimullah (23 February 2011). "The long wait for Col Imam\'s body". The News International. Archived from the original on 4 November 2014. * ^ "Former ISI Colonel Imam\'s body found". Dawn.com. Dawn Media. 20 February 2011. * ^ "At least 32 killed in Faisalabad blast; Taliban
Taliban
claim responsibility". Dawn.com. Dawn Media Group. 8 March 2011. Retrieved 8 March 2011. * ^ Mian, Khursheed (8 March 2011). "Bomb kills 25 at Pakistan
Pakistan
gas station, many hurt". Reuters. Thomson Reuters. Retrieved 8 March 2011.

* ^ "Deadly attack at Pakistan
Pakistan
funeral procession". BBC
BBC
News. BBC. 9 March 2011. Retrieved 9 March 2011. * ^ "Blast kills 36 in Peshawar; Taliban
Taliban
claim responsibility". Dawn.com. Dawn Media Group. 9 March 2011. Retrieved 9 March 2011. * ^ "DG Khan shrine bombing: Death toll reaches 50". The Express Tribune . 3 April 2011. * ^ "41 killed in Pakistan
Pakistan
shrine suicide attack". The Daily Telegraph. London. 3 April 2011. * ^ A B "Bomb hits Pakistan
Pakistan
navy bus in Karachi; 5 dead". Google News. Associated Press. 28 April 2011. Retrieved 28 April 2011. * ^ "Twin blasts kill more than 80 in Charsadda". Dawn.com. Dawn Media Group. 13 May 2011. Retrieved 13 May 2011. * ^ "Pakistan: Troops end attack on Karachi
Karachi
naval air base". BBC News. 23 May 2011. Retrieved 25 May 2011. * ^ "Suicide bomber kills 6 at Pakistan
Pakistan
police building". AP. 25 May 2011. Retrieved 25 May 2011. * ^ Ali, Lehaz (14 September 2011). "Bus attack kills four boys in Pakistan". The Sydney Morning Herald. Agence France-Presse. Retrieved 13 September 2011. * ^ "TTP claims killing of peace body chief". The News International. 2 December 2011. Retrieved 2 December 2011. * ^ Dupee, Matt (2 December 2011). "Anti- Taliban
Taliban
tribal leader killed in northwest Pakistan". The Long War Journal. Public Multimedia Inc. Retrieved 2 December 2011. * ^ Firdous, Iftikhar (5 January 2012). "TTP claims killing of 15 abducted FC troops". The Express Tribune. Retrieved 5 January 2012. * ^ " Pakistan
Pakistan
Taliban
Taliban
kill 15 kidnapped tribal police". BBC
BBC
News. 5 January 2012. Retrieved 5 January 2012. * ^ "\'Operation revenge\': 15 abducted FC soldiers brutally tortured, slain – The Express Tribune". International Herald Tribune. Retrieved 22 January 2012. * ^ " Taliban
Taliban
releases horrific video of executions of 15 Pakistani soldiers Mail Online". Daily Mail. UK. 22 January 2012. Retrieved 22 January 2012. * ^ " Taliban
Taliban
video shows execution of Pak soldiers". NDTV . Retrieved 22 January 2012. * ^ " Taliban
Taliban
video highlights revenge on Pakistan
Pakistan
military Reuters". Reuters. 21 January 2012. Retrieved 22 January 2012. * ^ Mehsud, Saud (25 March 2012). " Taliban
Taliban
faction claims French gunman trained in Pakistan". Reuters. Thompson Reuters. Retrieved 26 March 2012. * ^ "Pakistani Taliban
Taliban
training Frenchmen: Officials". The Times of India
India
. 25 March 2012. Archived from the original on 25 March 2012. Retrieved 25 March 2012. * ^ " Taliban
Taliban
bomber kills 13 \'extremists\' in Khyber region". The Express Tribune. 24 March 2012. Retrieved 26 March 2012. * ^ Mirza, Shaheryar (5 April 2012). "Police targeted: Taliban claim responsibility for Karachi
Karachi
suicide attack". The Express Tribune. AFP. Retrieved 5 April 2012. * ^ Shahzad, Asif (5 April 2012). "Pakistan: Suicide bomber targeting police kills 2". The Boston Globe. AP. Retrieved 5 April 2012. * ^ " Bannu jailbreak: TTP had inside information, says commander". The Express Tribune. Reuters. 16 April 2012. Retrieved 16 April 2012. * ^ "Security agencies blamed for Bannu jailbreak". dawn.com. 16 April 2012. Retrieved 16 April 2012. * ^ " Bajaur
Bajaur
bomb attack kills 24; TTP claims responsibility". Dawn.com. 4 May 2012. Retrieved 4 May 2012. * ^ " Pakistan
Pakistan
says militants cross over from Afghanistan, kill 13 troops including 7 beheaded". The Washington Post. Associated Press. 25 June 2012. Retrieved 25 June 2012. * ^ "Cross-border attack: Six security men killed in Upper Dir ambush". The Express Tribune. 25 June 2012. Retrieved 25 June 2012. * ^ "Gunmen open fire on Pakistan
Pakistan
television station". Google News. AFP. Archived from the original on 24 February 2014. Retrieved 28 June 2012. * ^ " Taliban
Taliban
attack television office in Karachi; two injured". dawn.com. Reuters. 25 June 2012. Retrieved 28 June 2012. * ^ "Pak: Militants threaten to attack govt installations". 11 July 2012. Archived from the original on 11 July 2012. * ^ "Army camp attack: Pamphlet vows more attacks if NATO
NATO
supplies continue". The Express Tribune. 11 July 2012. Retrieved 11 July 2012. * ^ "Several killed in Pakistan
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airbase raid". Al Jazeera. Al Jazeera. 16 August 2012. Retrieved 16 August 2012. * ^ Masood, Salman (16 August 2012). "Pakistani Taliban
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Kill 22 Shiites in Bus Attack". The New York Times. Retrieved 20 August 2012. * ^ Khan, Haq Nawaz; Leiby, Michele Langevine (9 October 2012). " Taliban
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says it shot \'infidel\' Pakistani teen for advocating girls\' rights". The Washington Post. Retrieved 9 October 2012. * ^ NNI (9 October 2012). "TTP claims responsibility of attack on Malala". The Nation. * ^ " Taliban
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FURTHER READING

* Who is Who in the Pakistani Taliban: A Sampling of Insurgent Personalities in Seven Operational Zones in Pakistan’s Federally Administered Tribal Area (FATA) and North Western Frontier Province NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL Program for Culture and Conflict Studies * Interview with Tehrik-i- Taliban
Taliban
spokesperson Muslim Khan by Radio France
France
Internationale in English April 2009 * S. R. Valentine, "Tehrik-i- Taliban
Taliban
Pakistan: Ideology & Beliefs", Pakistan
Pakistan
Security Research Unit , Briefing Paper 49, September 2009. * S. R. Valentine, "'We are the Soldiers of Islam':Tehriki Taliban Pakistan
Pakistan
and the Ideology of Dissent", ch. in U. Butt ;background:none transparent;border:none;-moz-box-shadow:none;-webkit-box-shadow:none;box-shadow:none;">v

* t * e

Tehrik-i- Taliban
Taliban
Pakistan
Pakistan

LEADERS

* Fazlullah * Hakimullah Mehsud
Hakimullah Mehsud
† * Baitullah Mehsud † * Faqir Mohammed (POW) * Wali-ur-Rehman † * Dadullah † * Omar Khalid † * Mangal Bagh † * Qari Hussain † * Sher Muhammad Qusab † * Adnan Rashid

SPOKESMEN

* Maulvi Omar (POW) * Ehsanullah Ehsan * Muslim Khan (POW)

ALLEGED/CLAIMED ACTIONS

* War in North-West Pakistan * Assassination of Benazir Bhutto * Kidnapping of Tariq Azizuddin * Capture of NATO
NATO
convoy * Battle
Battle
of Bajaur
Bajaur
* 2008 Wah bombing * Faisal Shahzad
Faisal Shahzad
* PNS Mehran attack * Assassination attempt on Malala Yousufzai * Assassination of Chaudhry Aslam Khan * Jinnah International Airport attack * Peshawar school massacre

SEE ALSO

* Drone strikes in Pakistan
Pakistan
* List of Taliban
Taliban
fatality reports in Pakistan
Pakistan
* Taliban
Taliban

* v * t * e

Afghanistan– Pakistan
Pakistan
relations

BILATERAL RELATIONS

* Ambassadors of Afghanistan
Afghanistan
to Pakistan
Pakistan
* Ambassadors of Pakistan
Pakistan
to Afghanistan
Afghanistan

SOCIAL LINKS

* Pashtuns
Pashtuns
* Baloch people * Afghans in Pakistan
Pakistan
* Pakistanis in Afghanistan
Afghanistan
* Religion in Afghanistan
Afghanistan
* Religion in Pakistan
Pakistan
* Persian and Urdu
Urdu

HISTORICAL LINKS

* Jayapala * Ghaznavids * Ghurid dynasty * Delhi Sultanate * Hotak dynasty
Hotak dynasty
* Durrani Empire

GEOGRAPHIC LINKS

* Durand Line * Pashtunistan * Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
* Balochistan * Pakistan– Afghanistan
Afghanistan
barrier

EVENTS AND CONFLICTS

* Afghanistan– Pakistan
Pakistan
skirmishes * Balochistan conflict * Soviet–Afghan War
Soviet–Afghan War
* 1995 attack on the Pakistani embassy in Kabul * Taliban
Taliban
insurgency * War in Afghanistan
Afghanistan
(2001–2014) * War in Afghanistan
Afghanistan
(2015–present) * 2017 Afghanistan– Pakistan
Pakistan
border skirmish

OTHER TOPICS

* AfPak * United Nations Good Offices Mission in Afghanistan
Afghanistan
and Pakistan
Pakistan
* Anti- Pakistan
Pakistan
sentiment in Afghanistan
Afghanistan
* Afghanistan–