Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles (Mirage Studios)
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''Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles'' is an American
comic book A comic book, also called comic book, comic magazine or (in the United Kingdom and Ireland) simply comic, is a publication that consists of comics a Media (communication), medium used to express ideas with images, often combined with t ...
series published by
Mirage Studios Mirage Studios was an American comic book company founded in 1983 by Kevin Eastman and Peter Laird in Dover, New Hampshire. The company was best known for the ''Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles (Mirage Studios), Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles'' (TMNT) ...
between 1984 and 2014. Conceived by
Kevin Eastman Kevin Brooks Eastman (born May 30, 1962) is an American comic book artist and writer best known for co-creating '' Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles'' with Peter Laird. Eastman is also the editor and publisher of the magazine '' Heavy Metal''. Ear ...

Kevin Eastman
and
Peter Laird Peter Alan Laird (born January 27, 1954) is an United States, American script (comics), comic book writer and comics artist, artist best known for co-creating the Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles with writer and artist Kevin Eastman. Early life and c ...
, it was initially intended as a one-shot, but due to its popularity it became an ongoing series. The comic created the ''Turtles'' franchise of five
television series A television show – or simply TV show – is any content produced for viewing on a television set A television set or television receiver, more commonly called the television, TV, TV set, tube, telly, or tele, is a device that combines a ...
, six
feature films A feature film or feature-length film is a narrative film (motion picture or "movie") with a running time long enough to be considered the principal or sole presentation in a commercial entertainment program. The term ''feature film'' originall ...
, numerous
video games#REDIRECT Video game#REDIRECT Video game A video game is an electronic game that involves interaction with a user interface or input device such as a joystick, game controller, controller, computer keyboard, keyboard, or motion sensing device ...
, and a range of toys and merchandise. Over the years, the Turtles have appeared in numerous cross-overs with other independent comics characters such as Dave Sim's ''Cerebus'', Bob Burden's ''Flaming Carrot,'' Stan Sakai's ''Usagi Yojimbo'', Image Universe series including Erik Larsen's ''Savage Dragon'' and Todd McFarlane's ''Spawn (comics), Spawn'', and Frank Miller's run on ''Daredevil'', of which the series was originally a parody. In October 2009, Peter Laird sold the rights to the ''Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles'' franchise to Viacom (2005–2019), Viacom, the parent company of Nickelodeon (TV channel), Nickelodeon. Mirage Studios was shut down on September 19, 2021. In 2011, IDW Publishing secured the rights to publish a Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles (IDW Publishing), new series and reprint the older comics.


Origin of the concept

The concept originated from a comical drawing sketched out by Kevin Eastman during a casual evening of brainstorming with his friend Peter Laird. The drawing of a short, squat turtle wearing a mask with nunchaku strapped to its arms was humorous to the young artists, as it played upon the inherent contradiction of a slow, Ectotherm, cold-blooded reptile with the speed and agility of Japanese martial arts. Laird suggested that they create a team of four such turtles, each specializing in a different weapon.The fascinating origin story of the Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles
''The Week''
Eastman and Laird often cited the work of Frank Miller (comics), Frank Miller and Jack Kirby as their major artistic influences. Using money from a tax refund together with a loan from Eastman's uncle, they formed
Mirage Studios Mirage Studios was an American comic book company founded in 1983 by Kevin Eastman and Peter Laird in Dover, New Hampshire. The company was best known for the ''Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles (Mirage Studios), Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles'' (TMNT) ...
and self-publishing, self-published a single-issue comic book that would pastiche four popular comics of the early 1980s: Marvel Comics' ''New Mutants, The New Mutants'', which featured teenage mutants; ''Cerebus'', which featured anthropomorphic animals; ''Ronin (DC Comics), Ronin''; and ''Daredevil (Marvel Comics series), Daredevil'', which featured ninja in popular culture, ninja clans dueling for control of the New York City underworld. The Turtles' origin contained direct allusions to ''Daredevil (Marvel Comics series), Daredevil'': the traffic accident between a blind man and a truck carrying radioactive ooze is a direct reference to Daredevil's own story (indeed in the version told in the first issue, Splinter sees the canister strike a boy's face). The name "Splinter (TMNT), Splinter" also parodied Daredevil's mentor, a man known as "Stick (comics), Stick". The Foot Clan, Foot, a clan of evil ninjas who became the Turtles' arch-enemies, satirizes the Hand (comics), Hand, who were a mysterious and deadly ninja clan in the pages of ''Daredevil''. After conceiving the Turtles' mentor as a rat who had come from Japan and was a ninja master, Eastman and Laird thought of giving the turtles Japanese names, but as Laird explained, "we couldn't think of authentic-sounding Japanese names". Instead they went with Renaissance artists, and picked the four they were most familiar with, with the help of Laird's copy of ''H. W. Janson, Janson's History of Art''.


Publication history


Volume 1: 1984–1993

The first issue of ''Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles'' was advertised in issues #1 and #2 of Eastman and Laird's 1984 comic, ''Gobbledygook'', in addition to the Comics Buyer's Guide, issue 545. The full page advertisement in CBG helped gain the attention of retailers and jump-started their early sales. Because of the CBG's newspaper format, many were disposed of, making it a highly sought-after collector's item today. The book premiered in May 1984 at a comic book convention in Portsmouth, New Hampshire. It was printed in an oversized, magazine-style format using black and white artwork on cheap newsprint and had a print run of only 3,275 copies. It was a period of intense speculation in comic book investment, with especially strong interest in black and white comics from independent companies. The first printings of the original ''TMNT'' comics had small print runs that made them instant collector items. Within months, the books were trading at prices over 50 times their cover price. The success also led to a black and white comics boom in the mid-1980s, wherein other small publishers put out animal-based parody books hoping to make a quick profit. Among them, the Adolescent Radioactive Black Belt Hamsters, the ''Pre-Teen Dirty-Gene Kung Fu Kangaroos'', the Adult Thermonuclear Samurai Elephants, and the ''Karate Kreatures'' were obvious parodies of ''TMNT''. Most of them were sold to comic shops in large numbers, but failed to catch on with readers. This speculation led to financial problems with both comic shops and distributors, contributing to a sales collapse in 1986–87. The "Return to New York" story arc concluded in the spring of 1989 and by this time the Ninja Turtles phenomenon was well established in other media. Eastman and Laird then found themselves administrating an international merchandising juggernaut, overseeing a wide array of licensing deals. This prevented the two creators from participating in the day-to-day work of writing and illustrating a monthly comic book. For this reason, many guest artists were invited to showcase their unique talents in the TMNT universe. The breadth of diversity found in the various short stories had the adverse effect of somewhat disrupting continuity and gave the series a disjointed, anthology, anthology-like feel. Some of these artists, including Michael Dooney, Eric Talbot, A.C. Farley, Ryan Brown, Steve Lavigne, Steve Murphy, and Jim Lawson, continued to work with
Mirage Studios Mirage Studios was an American comic book company founded in 1983 by Kevin Eastman and Peter Laird in Dover, New Hampshire. The company was best known for the ''Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles (Mirage Studios), Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles'' (TMNT) ...
for years to come. Issue #45 kicked off a major turning point, as Mirage made a concerted effort to return the series to Continuity (fiction), continuity. A 13-part story arc entitled "City at War" began with issue #50, which was the first issue to be completely written and illustrated by both Eastman and Laird since issue #11. Both "City at War" and Volume 1 concluded with the publication of issue #62 in August 1993.


Volume 2: 1993–1995

Mirage Studios launched Volume 2 with much fanfare in October 1993, as a full-color series that maintained the continuity of the first volume. Written and illustrated by Jim Lawson (comic book writer), Jim Lawson, the series lasted only thirteen issues before ceasing publication in October 1995. The cancellation was due to declining popularity and lagging sales as well as a flood at Mirage Studios.


Volume 3: 1996–1999

''The Savage Dragon'' creator Erik Larsen relaunched the series in June 1996, with the publication of a third volume under the Image Comics banner. The series was written by Gary Carlson and drawn by Frank Fosco, and marked the return to black and white artwork. This volume was notable for having a faster pace and more intense action while inflicting major physical changes on the Turtles themselves; Leonardo losing a hand, Raphael's face being scarred, Splinter becoming a bat, and Donatello becoming a cyborg. In a plot twist, Raphael even took on the identity of The Shredder and assumed leadership of the Foot. With Volume 3, the Turtles were incorporated into the Image Universe, which provided opportunities for a few crossovers and guest appearances by characters from Image series. The series ceased publication on a cliffhanger in 1999 with issue #23, and it was no longer considered part of the "official" TMNT canon due in part to a lack of desire by co-creator Peter Laird to follow up material with which he was not directly involved nor fully approved. Raph's depiction as the Shredder however, was referenced in an episode of the third season of the Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles (2003 TV series), 2003 animated series, "The Darkness Within", where Raph was exposed to his fear of giving into anger and becoming the very thing he hated. After its cancellation, the series remained in publication limbo for nearly two decades, with no reprints or collected volumes. In 2018, IDW Publishing, which publishes Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles (IDW Publishing), their own ''TMNT'' comic series, began to reproduce the existing 23 issues in a colored version, as well as officially conclude the Image series with a final three-issue story arc, with Carlson and Fosco again taking part in this project.


Volume 4: 2001–2014

Peter Laird and Jim Lawson brought the Turtles back to their roots with the simply-titled ''TMNT'' in December 2001. Published bi-monthly, the series took the opportunity to correct a persistent error: since the first issue of Volume 1, Michelangelo's name had been misspelled as "Michaelangelo". It is now spelled correctly, consistent with his Renaissance namesake Michelangelo Buonarroti. Picking up fifteen years after the conclusion of Volume 2 (and omitting the events of Volume 3), the Turtles, now in their early thirties, are living together in their sewer lair beneath New York City. April and Casey have been married for some time and remain in contact with the Turtles from their nearby apartment. Splinter continues to live at the Northampton farmhouse, where he has become a "grandfather" of sorts to Casey's teenage daughter, List of Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles supporting characters#Shadow Jones, Shadow. The Utroms return to Earth in a very public arrival, subsequently establishing a peaceful base in Upper New York Bay. Since the arrival, aliens — and other bizarre life-forms, like the Turtles — have become more accepted within society. No longer forced to live in hiding, the Turtles can now roam freely among the world of humans, albeit under the guise of being aliens. The series continued until the acquisition of the TMNT franchise by Nickelodeon in 2009. As part of the sale, Peter Laird was allowed to continue Volume 4, but issues were released sporadically, as they had been in the months before the sale. Issue no. 31 was originally released as an online comic only, while issue no. 32 was released for the 2014 Free Comic Book Day, almost 4 years after issue no. 31 was released on line. Issue no. 31 was released in print for the first time for Free Comic Book Day 2015. Mirage retained the rights to publish 18 issues a year, though Mirage Studios was shut down on September 19, 2021.


Related comics

During the early days of the franchise, each of the four turtles received their own one-shot (or "micro-series"), plus a one-shot featuring the Fugitoid. There was also a one-shot anthology, ''Turtle Soup'', released in 1987, which led to a four-part series of the same name in 1991–92. The Turtles had a four-issue mini-series co-starring Flaming Carrot (the Turtles previously guest-starred in issues #25–27 of the Carrot's own Dark Horse Comics, Dark Horse-published series), and the Fugitoid teamed up with Mirage regular Michael Dooney's creator-owned character Gizmo (comic book), Gizmo for a two-issue limited series. Kevin Eastman and Rick Veitch created a story starring Casey Jones, which was initially serialized in the four issue anthology series ''Plastron Cafe'', and later colorized and released with a previously unseen conclusion in the two-part ''Casey Jones'' mini-series. Eastman then collaborated with Simon Bisley on a mini-series that was supposed to be released by Mirage under the title ''Casey Jones & Raphael'', but after one issue, it was released by Image under the title ''Bodycount'' as four-part mini-series which began with an expanded version of the sole Mirage-published issue.


Collected books

There are a few trade paperback collections of the series in the past. The first ever collected volumes was from First Publishing, who published four volumes from 1986 to 1988, collecting issues #1–11, plus the one-shot ''Leonardo'' #1 (the other three micro series one shots were not included). These books presented the stories in full color for the first time. In 1988, there was ''Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles Collected Book Volume One'', both available as a trade paperback at US $20 (with cover art by Peter Laird; 5,000 copies printed) and as a limited edition hardcover at US $100 (with cover art by Kevin Eastman), the latter being limited to 1,000 copies only, all signed by Eastman and Laird. These books were offered only as mail away orders directly from Mirage, only collecting issues #1–11, plus the four micro series one-shots. Between 1990 and 1991, Mirage Studios published seven volumes of ''The Collected Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles'' trade paperbacks, reprinting mostly consecutive issues #1-#29 and the four micro series one-shots, with all books featuring new cover art from artist A.C. Farley. Cover price for Volume 1 was US $16.95 due to this book containing the most issues reprinted, with volumes 2–7 at US $6.95 each, containing an average of three issues reprinted. As part of the 25th anniversary celebrations in 2009, with no new reprint collected books released in many years and long out of print, Mirage published a new trade paperback ''Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles, Collected Book Volume 1'' which was released in July 2009 with a cover price of US $29.95, unlike previous editions collecting issues #1–11, plus the four micro series one-shots, this new edition included reprinting ''Fugitoid'' issue #1, and some bonus material. A new hardcover deluxe reprint collection was published by IDW Publishing, who had been given the Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles rights from Viacom (2005–present), Viacom in 2011, including reprinting the older comics.


Mirage Publishing

* ''TMNT'' Collected Book Volume One (Limited Edition Hard Cover, 1988), collecting Vol. 1 #1–11, plus ''Raphael'' #1, ''Michelangelo'' #1, ''Donatello'' #1, and ''Leonardo'' #1 (1,000 copies only all signed by Kevin Eastman and Peter Laird) *TMNT Collected Book Volume One (trade paperback, 1988; 5,000 copies printed), collecting Vol. 1 #1–11, plus ''Raphael'' #1, ''Michelangelo'' #1, ''Donatello'' #1, and ''Leonardo'' #1 * ''The Collected Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles Volume 1'', collecting Vol. 1 #1–11, plus ''Raphael'' #1, ''Michaelangelo'' #1, ''Donatello'' #1, and ''Leonardo'' #1 (trade paperback, March 1990) * ''Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles, Collected Book Volume 1'', collects Vol. 1 #1–11, plus ''Raphael'' #1, ''Michaelangelo'' #1, ''Donatello'' #1, ''Leonardo'' #1, and ''Fugitoid'' #1, and bonus material. (July 2009; 606 Pages, ) * ''The Collected Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles Volume 2'', collecting Vol. 1 #12–14 (May 1990) * ''The Collected Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles Volume 3'', collecting Vol. 1 #15, 17–18 (June 1990) * ''The Collected Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles Volume 4'', collecting Vol. 1 #19–21 (October 1990) * ''The Collected Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles Volume 5'', collecting Vol. 1 #16, 22–23 (November 1990) * ''The Collected Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles Volume 6'', collecting Vol. 1 #24–26 (July 1991) * ''The Collected Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles Volume 7'', collecting Vol. 1 #27–29 (November 1991) * ''TMNT: Soul's Winter'', collecting Vol. 1 #31, 35–36 (February 2007) *''Shell Shock'', collecting short stories by various authors and artists (December 1989) * ''Challenges'', by Michael Dooney (1991) *''TMNT: The Collected Movie Books'', Collects the movie comics: ''TMNT Movie Prequel'' #1 – Raphael, ''TMNT Movie Prequel'' #2 – Michaelangelo, ''TMNT Movie Prequel'' #3 – Donatello, ''TMNT Movie Prequel'' #4 – April, ''TMNT Movie Prequel'' #5 – Leonardo, ''TMNT Movie Adaptation'' (June 2007)


First Publishing

*Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles Book I collecting Vol. 1 #1–3 *Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles Book II collecting Vol. 1 #4–6 *Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles Book III collecting Vol. 1 #7–9 *Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles Book IV collecting ''Leonardo'' #1 and Vol. 1 #10–11


Image Comics

*Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles TPB-collecting Vol. 3 #1–5 *Bodycount TPB -collecting ''Bodycount'' #1–4 miniseries by Kevin Eastman and Simon Bisley


Heavy Metal

*Bodycount TPB (2008 rerelease) – collecting ''Bodycount'' #1–4 miniseries by Kevin Eastman and Simon Bisley (This reprint edition is in magazine sized dimension not comics sized) *Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles – 25th Anniversary: A Quarter Century Celebration (Selected reprints with some stories colored)


IDW Comics

*''Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles: The Ultimate Collection Vol. 1'', collecting Mirage Studios' Vol. 1 issues #1–7, and ''Raphael'' #1 (December 2011) *''Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles: The Ultimate Collection Vol. 2'', collecting Mirage Studios' Vol. 1 issues #8–11, along with the Michaelangelo, Leonardo, and Donatello "micro-series" one-shots (April 2012) *''Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles: The Ultimate Collection Vol. 3'', collecting Mirage Studios' Vol. 1 issues #12, 14, 15, 17, and 19–21 (August 2012) *''Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles: The Ultimate Collection Vol. 4'', collecting Mirage Studios' Vol. 1 issues #48–55 (April 2013) *''Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles: The Ultimate Collection Vol. 5'', collecting Mirage Studios' Vol. 1 issues #56–62 (October 2013) *''Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles: The Ultimate Collection Vol. 6'', collecting various short stories/one-shots published between 1985 and 1989 (January 2016) *''Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles Classics Vol. 1'', collecting colorized versions of Mirage Studios' Vol. 1 issue #13 along with a collection of stories from the Shell Shock TP; "Bottoming Out", "New York Ninja", "Word Warriors", "49th Street Stompers", "Junkman", "O Deed", "Road Trip", "Don't Judge a Book", "A Splinter in the Eye of God?", "Night Life", and "Meanwhile... 1,000,000 B.C.". (June 2012) * ''Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles Classics Vol. 2'', collecting colorized versions of Mirage Studios' Vol. 1 issues #16, 22, and 23 (August 2012) * ''Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles Classics Vol. 3'', collecting colorized versions of Mirage Studios' Vol. 1 issues #27–29 (December 2012) * ''Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles Classics Vol. 4'', collecting colorized versions of Mirage Studios' Vol. 1 issues #32, 33, and 37 along with “The Ring” (from ''Turtle Soup Vol. 2 Book One'') (March 2013) * ''Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles Classics Vol. 5'', collecting colorized versions of Mirage Studios' Vol. 1 issues #34 and #38–40 (May 2013) * ''Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles Classics Vol. 6'', collecting colorized versions of Mirage Studios' Vol. 1 issues #42–44 (August 2013) * ''Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles Classics Vol. 7'', collecting colorized versions of Mirage Studios' Vol. 1 issues #45–47 and six short stories from Shell Shock: "Ghouls Night Out," "Crazy Man," "The Survival Game," "The Howl," "Technofear," and "It's A Gas" (November 2013) * ''Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles Classics Vol. 8'', collecting Mirage Studios' Vol. 2 issues #1–5 (May 2014) * ''Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles Classics Vol. 9'', collecting Mirage Studios' Vol. 2 issues #6–9 (December 2014) * ''Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles Classics Vol. 10'', collecting Mirage Studios' Vol. 2 issues #10–13 (April 2015) * ''Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles: Legends, Soul's Winter'' collecting colorized versions of Mirage Studios' Vol. 1 issues #31, 35-36 and the short stories "A Splinter in the Eye of God," "Failed Instant," and "O-Deed." (December 2014) * ''Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles: The Works, Vol. 1'', collecting colorized versions of Mirage Studios' Vol. 1 issues #1–7, and ''Raphael'' #1 (May 2013) * ''Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles: The Works, Vol. 2'', collecting colorized versions of Mirage Studios' Vol. 1 issues #8–11, ''Michaelangelo'' #1, ''Donatello'' #1, and ''Leonardo'' #1 (October 2013) * ''Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles: The Works, Vol. 3'', collecting colorized versions of Mirage Studios' Vol. 1 issues #12, #14–15, #17, and #19–21 (September 2014) * ''Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles: The Works, Vol. 4'', collecting colorized versions of Mirage Studios' Vol. 1 issues #48–55 (December 2015) * ''Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles: The Works, Vol. 5'', collecting colorized versions of Mirage Studios' Vol. 1 issues #56–62 (August 2016) * ''Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles Color Classics, Vol.1'', collecting colorized versions of Mirage Studios' Vol. 1 issues #1–7, ''Raphael'' #1 and ''Michaelangelo'' #1 (April 2018) * ''Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles Color Classics, Vol.2'', collecting colorized versions of Mirage Studios' Vol. 1 issues #8-13, ''Donatello '' #1 and ''Leonardo '' #1 (May 2019) * ''Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles Color Classics, Vol.3'', collecting colorized versions of Mirage Studios' Vol. 1 issues #14-21 (May 2020) * ''Tales of the Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles Omnibus, Vol. 1'', collected colorized versions of 'Tales of TMNT, 1st series' and issues 1-8 of ''Tales of the TMNT'', Vol 2. (May 2018) * ''Tales of the Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles, Vol. 1'' collected colorized versions of ''Tales of the TMNT'', Vol 1, issues #1-4 (February 2013) * ''Tales of the Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles, Vol. 2'' collected colorized versions of ''Tales of the TMNT'', Vol 1, issues #5-7 (April 2013) * ''Tales of the Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles, Vol. 3'' collected colorized versions of ''Tales of the TMNT'', Vol 2, issues #1-4 (October 2013) * ''Tales of the Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles, Vol. 4'' collected colorized versions of ''Tales of the TMNT'', Vol 2, issues #5-8 (May 2014) * ''Tales of the Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles, Vol. 5'' collected colorized versions of ''Tales of the TMNT'', Vol 2, issues #9-12 (August 2014) * ''Tales of the Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles, Vol. 6'' collected colorized versions of ''Tales of the TMNT'', Vol 2, issues #13-16 (November 2014) * ''Tales of the Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles, Vol. 7'' collected colorized versions of ''Tales of the TMNT'', Vol 2, issues #17-20 (July 2015) * ''Tales of the Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles, Vol. 8'' collected colorized versions of ''Tales of the TMNT'', Vol 2, issues #22-25 (April 2016)


Appearance in other media


Comics

The ongoing Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles (IDW Publishing), IDW continuity features two minor cross-references with the Mirage comics in Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles (IDW Publishing)#Bebop & Rocksteady Destroy Everything!, ''Bebop & Rocksteady Destroy Everything!'' #1, where its intro sequence connects to the story from the Tales of the Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles, ''Tales of the TMNT'' issue Vol.1 #7: "The Return of Savanti Romero", and in Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles (IDW Publishing)#Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles/Usagi Yojimbo, ''Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles/Usagi Yojimbo'', where the previous encounters between Miyamoto Usagi and the Mirage-Turtles''TMNT: Turtle Soup'': "Turtle Soup and Rabbit Stew" (Mirage, September 1987) and ''TMNT: Shell Shock'': "The Treaty" (Mirage, December 1989); ''Usagi Yojimbo'', Vol.1 #10: "The Crossing" (Fantagraphics, 1988), and Vol.2 #1–3: "Shades of Green" #1–3 (Mirage, 1992) are mentioned in one scene.


Animation

The ''Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles (2003 TV series), Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles'' cartoon series that debuted in 2003 ended with ''Turtles Forever'', a crossover movie with two other Turtles properties: the Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles (1987 TV series), 1987 cartoon and the universe of the original Mirage comics. A similar idea was used for the Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles (2012 TV series), 2012 cartoon's episode "Transdimensional Turtles" with the 2012 cartoon iterations replacing their 2003 counterparts. In both specials, an interdimensional plot-launched by the 2003 Utrom Shredder in ''Forever'' and 1987 Krang and the 2012 Kraang in ''Transdimensional''-involved the Mirage Comics world. This reality is referred to as Turtle Prime or the Primary Turtle Dimension, the destruction of which would set off a chain reaction wiping out all other Turtles and potentially their realities.


References


Further reading

*Eastman, Kevin (2002). ''Kevin Eastman's Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles Artobiography''. Los Angeles: Heavy Metal. . *Wiater, Stanley (1991). ''The Official Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles Treasury''. New York: Villard. .


External links

* {{Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles 1984 comics debuts American comics adapted into films Image Comics titles Mirage Studios titles Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles comics, Mirage Comics set in Massachusetts Comics adapted into television series Comics adapted into video games Comics adapted into animated series