A teen idol is a celebrity with a large teenage fan-base. Teen idols
are generally young but not necessarily teenaged. Often teen
idols are actors or musicians, like
Finn Wolfhard and Cole Sprouse,
but some sports figures also have an appeal to teenagers. Some teen
idols began their careers as child actors, like Lindsay Lohan.
The idol's popularity may be limited to teens, or may extend to all
age groups. Many teen idols are targeted for adults for nostalgia
There were teen idols before there were teen magazines, but idols have
always been a permanent feature in magazines such as Seventeen, 16,
Tiger Beat and
Right On! in the United States, and in similar
magazines elsewhere. With the advent of television, teen idols were
also promoted through programs such as American Bandstand, The Ed
Sullivan Show, Soul Train, and in the UK, Top of the Pops. Today's
teen idols have spawned an entire industry of gossip magazines,
television shows, YouTube, and whole television channels such as E!.
Many American teen idols achieve "cross-over" success internationally;
however, this list is not limited to American artists alone with some
people such as German popstar
Bill Kaulitz of the pop-rock band Tokio
Hotel. In Asia, idols range from Japanese pop megastars Ayumi Hamasaki
Namie Amuro as well as
Kana Nishino and Japanese music groups such
as Momoiro Clover Z, Morning Musume, AKB48, and Perfume and Johnny
& Associates boy bands Arashi, NEWS, KAT-TUN, and Hey! Say! JUMP
among others while Chinese pop icon Jay Chou, music groups F4 and
Lollipop F, and South Korean singers
BoA and Rain and music groups
BTS, TVXQ, 2PM, 2AM, Beast, Shinee, Super Junior, 2NE1, Big Bang,
Wonder Girls, T-ara, Kara, and
Girls' Generation are examples. In
Latin America, idols ranges from Mexican pop stars Timbiriche, Lynda
Thomas, Magneto, Puerto Rican born Mexican
Luis Miguel and the very
popular Puerto Rican boy band Menudo in the 1980s and 1990s, and Paty
Cantú, Anahi, Belinda, Ha^Ash, and
RBD in the 2000s and 2010s.
Besides, former Menudo member Ricky Martin, their chief rivals Los
Chicos and former member Chayanne, Venezuelan actor and singer
Guillermo Davila and more, to Argentina, where telenovela,
Chiquititas, ushered in a new era of teen-idols for that country,
including actors Benjamin Rojas, Felipe Colombo, Luisana Lopilato, and
Camila Bordonaba, who went on to form teen band Erreway, precursors to
Mexican band RBD. In Spain, La Oreja de Van Gogh, Miguel Bose, Mecano,
Hombres G all enjoyed teen-idol status. Even in the classical
music field, a British-Chinese violinist
Vanessa-Mae became the first
"teen idol" in that category.
In the past, young sports icons and Olympic athletes during their
competitive times were considered teen idols such as Jean-Claude
Killy, Peggy Fleming,
Caitlyn Jenner (then Bruce),[a] Joe Namath,
Dorothy Hamill, Mark Spitz, Jim Craig, Nadia Comăneci, Mary Lou
Retton, Michael Jordan, Dominique Moceanu, Michelle Kwan, Carly
Patterson, Shawn Johnson, Simone Biles, Nastia Liukin, Michelle Wie,
Mia Hamm, Ryan Lochte, Michael Phelps, Missy Franklin, Katie Ledecky,
Shaun White, Apolo Ohno, Tom Daley, McKayla Maroney, and Gabby
In the 1990s and the 2000s, Vitamin C, known for her songs "Graduation
(Friends Forever)" and "As Long as You're Loving Me", became a teen
idol. In the late 2000s, bands like Lillix, KSM, Everlife, and Clique
Girlz became teen pop idols and have a teenage fanbase.
1 Early teen idols
8 See also
11 External links
Early teen idols
1930 caricature of Rudy Vallée
The first known person to have been treated as a teen idol was Franz
Liszt, the Hungarian pianist who, in the 1840s, drew such a following
among young women that the term "Lisztomania" soon came to describe
the phenomenon. The kind of idolizing following Liszt drew in Europe
would not be followed for several decades. Geraldine Farrar, American
opera singer, had a large following of young women nick-named
"Gerry-flappers" in the early 20th century. Rudy Vallée, who
became a major success in 1929 with hits like "Honey" and "Deep
Night", may have been the first American popular singer to have been
idolised by hundreds of teen-aged girls at sold-out concerts. He was
also possibly the first popular singer to have a star vehicle created
for him: The Vagabond Lover. Frank Sinatra, whose early career is
often linked to his appeal to bobby soxers, is also regarded as
having been amongst the first teen idols.
The great success of young rock stars like
Elvis Presley and Pat
Boone, film stars like Marlon Brando, Paul Newman, James Dean, Tab
Sal Mineo in the 1950s, as well as the wider emergence of
youth subcultures, led promoters to the deliberate creation of teen
idols such as singers Frankie Avalon, Fabian Forte, Frankie Lymon, and
Connie Stevens. Even crooners like
Dean Martin and
Frank Sinatra were
still considered idols and rather handsome. Actors
Edd Byrnes and Troy
Donahue and other artists deliberately cultivated a (safer) idol
image, like Paul Anka.
Anka initially modelled himself on a particular generic type, the teen
idol [who] carried on the process ... of changing the image of male
youth ... from wild to mild, by providing a cleaner, more wholesome
image of masculinity than that of the previous era's rebellious
rockabilly heroes [and (working-class) so-called juvenile delinquents,
like those in West Side Story]....
Post-war teens were able to buy relatively inexpensive phonographs —
including portable models that could be carried to friends' houses —
and the new 45-rpm singles. Rock music played on 45s became the
soundtrack to the 1960s as people bought what they heard on the radio.
The great majority of the music being marketed to 1950s teens was
being written by adults, but 1960s teens were increasingly
appreciating and emulating artists closer to their own age, to teen
fashion, and to lyrics which addressed their own concerns. Their
parents worried about their attraction to artists (and DJs) who were
edgy and rebellious. Faces on magazines fed fans; fans buy records,
see films, watch TV and buy fashions.
Marketing of the teen idol generally focuses on the image.... The teen
idol is structured to appeal to the pre-teen and young teen female pop
audience member and children in general.... [They] are commodified in
forms and images that are relatively non-threatening to this young
audience and to the ancillary market of parents... The teen idol never
appears to be autonomous and therefore never appears to be threatening
as an adult; he remains, as long as he is popular, perpetually
childlike and dependent.
Teen idols of the 1950s include Elvis Presley, Fabian Forte, Tommy
Sands, and Ricky Nelson, as pictured
Some marketers turned to film and TV for fresh, attractive, 'safe'
faces. Tommy Sands's debut in a television film about the phenomenon,
The Idol, made a teen idol out of Sands himself. Ricky Nelson, a
performer of rockabilly music, also became a teen idol through his
parents' television series, The Adventures of Ozzie and Harriet.
Some young TV stars were being hustled into studios to make
recordings; for example, ex-
Annette Funicello became one of
the first big female idols as well as
The Lennon Sisters
The Lennon Sisters whom had cut
out dolls and were always on the covers of the gossip magazines;
Johnny Crawford of The Rifleman, had five Top-40 hits. In
Luke Halpin made a big splash as a teen idol in the television
program Flipper. After Bye Bye Birdie was released in 1963, Bobby
Rydell became an instant teen idol.
In the 1960s as situation comedies and dramas on television using
child actors became more popular, actors Paul Petersen, Patty
Shelley Fabares from The Donna Reed Show, Dwayne Hickman
from The Many Loves of Dobie Gillis,
Sally Field of Gidget, Jon
Provost of Lassie,
Jay North from Dennis the Menace,
Billy Mumy of
Lost in Space
Lost in Space (and later of novelty group Barnes and Barnes), Sajid
Khan of Maya, and
Keith and Kevin Schultz
Keith and Kevin Schultz known as the "Schultz Twins"
on The Monroes all became younger preteen idols and grew into being
Likewise, Tommy Steele, the Beatles with Beatlemania, the Rolling
The Beach Boys
The Beach Boys were teen idols, especially during the
earlier part of their careers, although they quickly grew out of that
The Rolling Stones
The Rolling Stones did it through a more rebellious image, the
Beatles did it through their more developed (or "grown up") music.
Neil Sedaka had two distinct eras of his career, with about
a decade in between: one as a teen idol in the 1960s, and a later
career in adult contemporary music. From the family band the Cowsills,
John Cowsill and
Barry Cowsill became teen idols and
were on teen magazine covers for many years; the TV show The Partridge
Family was written in their likeness. Many of the
teen idols of the era were the sons of older, established stars; Dino,
Desi & Billy were active as teen idols during the mid-sixties. The
Desi Arnaz Jr
Desi Arnaz Jr (son of bandleader Desi Arnaz), Dean Paul
Martin (son of singer Dean Martin), and
Billy Hinsche (a mutual friend
whose parents were not famous). Gary Lewis, son of comedian Jerry
Lewis, fronted The Playboys during this era.
The Monkees became instant teen idols in the late 1960s after
their TV show became an overnight success, especially for Micky Dolenz
and Davy Jones. The British born member of the Monkees Davy Jones was
regularly featured in all time teen idol lists. In 2008, Yahoo Music
named Jones the number one teen idol of all time, and in 2009 he
was ranked second in a list compiled by Fox News. Davy Jones still
to this day tends to win many number one's and the top of the list in
best teen idol contests.
Tiger Beat magazine, an influential teen idols' news
magazine, get published for the first time.
After Davy Jones came
Bobby Sherman and David Cassidy, who held the
title of Teen Idols from the late 1960s until the mid-1970s. Both
Sherman and Cassidy were actors on television and chart topping
musicians in the pop-rock category at the time; with
David Cassidy in
particular enjoying immense international fame and success. Sherman
was on hit TV shows
Here Come the Brides
Here Come the Brides among many
others. Musical series such as Cassidy's The Partridge Family, the
animated series The Archie Show, and (to a lesser extent) The Brady
Bunch integrated television and teen-pop music to significant success
during this time frame. The Brady Bunch's Barry Williams and
Christopher Knight, as was tennis pro/actor
Vincent Van Patten all
were constantly in the fan magazines at the time. Actors Richard
Thomas, Robby Benson, Peter Barton, Leif Garrett, Mark Lester,
Jan-Michael Vincent, William Katt, and
Jack Wild were the talk of the
teenagers in the 1970s as well.
Hudson Brothers were on
many teen magazine covers for a number of years as teen idols. They
had two shows on TV during the 1970s and recorded many albums.
One of the features of many teen idols is that their fans (and, in
some cases, the musicians themselves) tend to develop a distaste for
the music once they became adults, and it is not much listened to by
adults, except for nostalgia: the legacy of bubblegum pop. Teen idol
performers in this category would include Shaun Cassidy, Leif Garrett,
The Osmond Brothers
The Osmond Brothers (particularly
Donny Osmond and their teen idol
sister Marie Osmond), Andy Gibb,
Tony DeFranco of The DeFranco Family,
and The Bay City Rollers. Even modern classic hits and oldies outlets,
which cover this time period, rarely play cuts from the teen idols of
the era. A notable exception is
Michael Jackson of The Jackson Five,
who began his career as a teen idol along with his brothers, but whose
individual career eventually evolved far beyond the limitations of
that description and into superstardom.
The Jackson Five
The Jackson Five were the first African-American music group to become
national teen idols, appearing alongside white idols in magazines
such as 16 and Tiger Beat.
In 1985 Actress
Alyssa Milano from
Who's The Boss
Who's The Boss became a major teen
idol and was dubbed "The Teen Queen Of The 1980s. In the mid-1980s
there was a group of young actors called The Brat Pack; the whole
group collectively and separately became teen idols. They were Emilio
Estevez, Anthony Michael Hall, Rob Lowe, Andrew McCarthy, Demi Moore,
Judd Nelson, Molly Ringwald, and Ally Sheedy. They starred in many
coming of age films together in some fashion and became incredibly
popular without being musicians.
Corey Feldman and
Corey Haim also became teen idols during the
later part of the 1980s with films
The Goonies and together The Lost
Boys, Dream a Little dream and
License to Drive
License to Drive among other films.
They were dubbed "the two Coreys". Before Corey Haim's death in 2010,
they did a reality TV show for two seasons (2007–08) on A&E
The Two Coreys after their 1980s moniker.
River Phoenix during his teen years became a teen idol during
the later part of the 1980s, as did Christian Slater.
Rick Springfield was regarded as the
teen idol in the 1980s with such hits as "Jessie's Girl" and "Don't
Talk to Strangers". The Grammy Award-winning musician Springfield was
known for playing Dr. Noah Drake on the daytime drama General
Hospital. He originated the character from 1981 to 1983. He left
acting after his music career took off.
During this decade, Puerto Rican boy band Menudo, caused a sensation
in Latin America, nicknamed Menudomania that became compared to The
Also painted with the
Beatlemania brush was British pop group Duran
Duran. Dubbed "The Fab Five", this group is recognized as pioneers in
the then relatively new area of music video, that started with the
Monkees in the 1960s. Their exotic videos, such as Hungry Like the
Wolf, being fixtures on cable channel
MTV coupled with their exposure
in teen magazines instilled them as teen idols in America and around
the world though the majority of the 80s. Another British pop band
Culture Club were dubbed teen idols, with Boy George's androgynous
outfits that were copied by his teen fans and young adults alike.
At the end of the 1980s, actor
Kirk Cameron became a major teen idol
teenage heartthrob. Cameron was best known for his role as Mike Seaver
on the television situation comedy
Growing Pains from 1985 to 1992.
Scott Baio and
Willie Aames of
Charles in Charge
Charles in Charge fame found
themselves regulars in teen magazines.
In popular music, the late 1980s was the boom of teenagers dominating
the music charts.
Debbie Gibson became the youngest person to write,
perform and produce a number-one single, "Foolish Beat", and also had
many hits from her first two albums. Tiffany, another teen icon,
became a pop sensation at 15 years old thanks to an aggressive
marketing strategy. She promoted her debut album in shopping malls of
the US. She is also the youngest person to have a debut album hit
number one and have multiple number one singles from that album ("I
Think We're Alone Now" and "Could've Been"). Having become a household
name, she had then-unknown band
New Kids on the Block
New Kids on the Block as an opening
act for her shows. However, the sudden popularity of the New Kids
caused their roles to be reversed. Gibson and Tiffany's careers had
stalled by the early 1990s; so had NKOTB by the mid-nineties. The
Boy Band from Boston,
New Edition was very popular with the teen
set by the end of the 1980s as well.
The most popular singer of the 1980s was the Queen of Pop Madonna.
With songs "Like a Prayer" and "Like a Virgin" in the '80s toplists
throughout the decade. She became a teen idol through her music, and
her unique fashion at the time.
The manufacturing of teen idols has been marketed more aggressively
and with greater sophistication since the 1980s. The rise of MTV
in the 1980s and the success of the boy bands of the 1990s and 2000s
has continued to fuel the phenomenon. Besides a combination of
good, clean-cut looks and a ubiquitous marketing campaign, such bands
typically include a variety of personality types (e.g. "the shy one",
"the smart one", etc.) Classic examples of "boy bands" include Menudo,
New Kids on the Block, Take That, Backstreet Boys, and 'NSYNC, all
becoming the best selling pop groups of the decade. Hanson was
initially marketed as such a band, but eventually outgrew this label
to become a successful indie band. Female pop super star Mariah Carey,
was very popular with teens in the 90s decade. Christina Aguilera,
Jennifer Lopez, Mandy Moore, Jessica Simpson, and Britney Spears,
along with mega girl groups the
Spice Girls and Destiny's Child, also
became very popular at the end of the decade. Other notable examples
from the 1990s are female R&B singers Aaliyah, Monica, and Brandy.
After Brandy's television show
Moesha went on the air, it brought her
many teen fans and she was always on the cover or in the teen
magazines for many years. Also on
Moesha is where teen R&B singer
Usher would make his television acting debut one month after the
release of his breakthrough album My Way. Brothers Nick Carter from
Backstreet Boys and pop star
Aaron Carter were both teen idols in
their heyday, as was, to a much lesser extent, sister Leslie. Robbie
Williams of boy band
Take That had teen idol status as did Ricky
Martin during the Latin music explosion of the late 1990s.
Many of the major teen idols in the 1990s were from boy bands and
musical acts. One major exception was the situation comedy Home
Improvement 's Jonathan Taylor Thomas, who played Randy Taylor from
1991–1998; "JTT" (as he would come to be known during this time),
uncomfortable with his teen idol status, left the show (and, for the
most part, the entire acting scene) one year shy of the show's last
year on the air. Another major teen idol was
Freddie Prinze, Jr.
Freddie Prinze, Jr. who
skyrocketed to teen heartthrob status after starring in successful
teen horror films.
The 1997 film Titanic made
Leonardo DiCaprio a teen idol; during
"Leo-Mania" his face appeared on many teen magazines. Other teen
idols from TV were most of the cast of Saved by the Bell, Joshua
James Van Der Beek
James Van Der Beek of Dawson's Creek,
Ben Savage and Rider
Strong of Boy Meets World,
Joseph Gordon-Levitt of 3rd Rock From the
Jonathan Brandis of seaQuest DSV,
Jared Leto of My So-Called
Joey Lawrence of Blossom (and to a lesser extent, Joey's
brothers, Matthew and Andrew),
Jason Priestley and
Luke Perry of
Beverly Hills, 90210
Beverly Hills, 90210 fame, and
Erik Von Detten
Erik Von Detten of various TGIF shows.
These actors were often found on the covers and pages of teen
magazines during the 1990s as teen idols as well. Sarah Michelle
Gellar was a major teen idol in the late 90s, as a result of her lead
role in the popular television series Buffy the Vampire Slayer.
Fraternal twin sisters and TV actresses
Ashley Olsen and Mary-Kate
Olsen were major tween idols and as they grew up they later became
teen idols during the 1990s. After the movie Clueless, Alicia
Silverstone found herself a teen idol. The comedy duo of Kenan
Kel Mitchell were major teen idols in the 1990s, due to
their fame on
Nickelodeon they were known for starring in the sketch
comedy series All That, their own comedy sitcom Kenan & Kel and
their movie Good Burger.
Nickelodeon also produced The Amanda Show
Amanda Bynes as well.
Hilary Duff (left) and
Lindsay Lohan (right) were both popular teen
idols in the early to mid 2000s.
Avril Lavigne became a teen idol after releasing her debut album in
The Walt Disney Company
The Walt Disney Company and its numerous outlets (e.g. Disney Channel,
Radio Disney and Walt Disney Pictures) have successfully developed a
new generation of teen idols. In the early 2000s, the company
developed the careers of actresses and singers
Hilary Duff and Lindsay
Lohan, initially targeting youth and female teen audiences. While
still teenagers, Duff became famous for her starring titular character
Disney Channel teen sitcom Lizzie McGuire, and Lohan became
famous for her starring roles in many successful teen movies,
including Freaky Friday, Confessions of a Teenage Drama Queen, Herbie:
Fully Loaded, and Mean Girls. The success of this marketing led to
further development of the genre, including new teen idols such as
Raven-Symoné, Dylan and Cole Sprouse, Zac Efron, Jesse McCartney,
Vanessa Hudgens, Ashley Tisdale, Corbin Bleu, Miley Cyrus, the Jonas
Demi Lovato and Selena Gomez. Disney has also used the
ABC Family to develop shows and stars popular among
teen girls. Another similar corporation, Nickelodeon, began developing
its own slate of stars for its television shows in 2004, including
Drake Bell, Josh Peck, Emma Roberts, Miranda Cosgrove, Jennette
McCurdy, Ariana Grande, Victoria Justice, and groups The Naked
Brothers Band and Big Time Rush, all of whom have not only starred in
TV shows, but recorded songs as well. Of note is that many of the
modern-day teen idols are females marketed as "role-models" to teen
and tween girls, a departure from the traditional role of the male
teen idol marketed as the idolized teen "heart-throb". The 2000s also
saw many new teen idols emerge from popular feature films such as the
casts of Harry Potter (e.g. Daniel Radcliffe, Rupert Grint, and Emma
Watson) and The Twilight Saga (e.g. Robert Pattinson, Kristen Stewart,
and Taylor Lautner).
In 2002, Canadian singer
Avril Lavigne dominated the music scene and
eventually became a worldwide teen idol. Listed at #4 on Yahoo!'s Top
25 Teen Idols of all-time. Teen idols were also dominant in the
R&B realm such as Chris Brown, JoJo, and Rihanna.
Back in 2004, girl group
Clique Girlz are aimed for teenagers and are
populated by female teens ages 13 through 19 since 2004 through the
present, also 2016. Along with that, in the late 2000s, KSM, Prima J,
Lillix have teen-oriented songs.
This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help
improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.
Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (February 2014)
(Learn how and when to remove this template message)
Unlike in the 2000s when Disney and
Nickelodeon had a more
manufactured teen stars/idols, a new kind of teen idol was emerging
YouTube generation called YouTubers. These teen idols come
from their personal online music and video channels. A few noted names
are: Rebecca Black, Greyson Chance, Shane Dawson, Bo Burnham, Troye
Sivan, Grace Helbig, Jack Harries, Finn Harries, Bethany Mota, Jenna
Mourey, Felix Kjellberg, Tyler Oakley, Joe Sugg, Caspar Lee, Our 2nd
Life, or O2L, the comedy duo Smosh, and Zoe Sugg. They exert control
over their content, catering to the teen fan base on their channels.
These "YouTubers" show a generation divide of how people are exposed
to popular culture; the younger generation will receive their
entertainment and influence from the internet where as the older
generations used traditional media such as music albums, movies,
magazines, and television.
YouTube star Becky G, and
X Factor alumni
Little Mix and Fifth Harmony
have come to be teen idols.
Ariana Grande was a popular teen actress
in the early 2010s before gaining mainstream popularity as a singer
and teen idol from the early-mid 2010s.
Momoiro Clover Z
Momoiro Clover Z is ranked as the most popular female "idol group"
according to 2013-2017 surveys.
In Japan, more and more "idol groups" have appeared. In Japanese
culture, persons called "idols" are media personalities in their teens
and early twenties who are considered particularly attractive or cute
and who will, for a period ranging from several months to a few years,
regularly appear in the mass media, e.g. as singers for pop groups,
bit-part actors, TV personalities, models in photo spreads published
in magazines, advertisements, etc. One of the most successful groups
is Momoiro Clover Z. Their performances incorporate elements of
ballet, gymnastics, and action movies. During 2014, about 486,000
people attended their live concerts, which was the highest record of
all female musicians in Japan.
Momoiro Clover Z
Momoiro Clover Z has been ranked as
the most popular female idol group from 2013 to
Since their rise to fame in recent years, pop singer and YouTube
sensation Justin Bieber, country-pop musician Taylor Swift, boy band
One Direction, and pop rock band
5 Seconds of Summer
5 Seconds of Summer have become
examples of modern-day mega teen idols who have achieved international
success, known for their devoted teen female fans, and a very large
tween fan base, as well as an adult fan base making them all
international superstars as well as teen idols.
Danielle Bregoli also started to gain fame in early 2017, and in
addition to that, many
Musical.ly users such as Baby Ariel, Jacob
Lisa and Lena
Lisa and Lena also started gaining popularity from
Celebrity Worship Syndrome
National Teen Idol
^ Jenner changed her name due to gender transition in 2015.
^ "Teen Idol". All Music Guide. Retrieved 2009-10-13.
^ Unterberger, Richie. "Essay: Teen Idol". All Music Guide. Retrieved
^ a b c Bogdanov, Vladimir; Chris Woodstra; Stephen Thomas Erlewine
(2002). All music guide to rock: the definitive guide to rock, pop,
and soul. Hal Leonard Corporation. pp. 1309–10.
^ "TIME Asia: The Empress of Pop". Benny Labamba. 2002-03-25.
^ "Pictures of Menudo in General Pictures, Page 1". Teen Idols 4 You.
^ Leibovitz, Annie (June 1, 2015). "Introducing Caitlyn Jenner".
Vanity Fair. Retrieved June 1, 2015.
^ New York Times (April 23, 1922) p. 20
^ Rosenthal and Warrack (1979), p. 161
^ Jim Leach, Jeannette Sloniowski, Candid eyes: essays on Canadian
documentaries. University of Toronto Press, 2003, pp.50–60.
^ a b P. David Marshall,
Celebrity and power: fame in contemporary
culture. U of Minnesota Press, 1997 p.168ff. ISBN 0-8166-2725-8
Ricky Nelson interviewed on the
Pop Chronicles (1969)
^ O'Connor, Rob (2008-12-01). "The Top 25 Teen Idols Of All-Time
List of the Day – Archives – Yahoo Music". New.music.yahoo.com.
^ "Then & Now: 10 Best Teen Idols of All Time". Fox News.
2009-01-01. Retrieved 2014-06-04.
^ Mansour, David (2011). From Abba to Zoom: A Pop Culture Encyclopedia
of the Late 20th Century. p. 241. ISBN 9780740793073.
^ "Teen Magazines, 1973". Stuck in the 70s. Retrieved 29 December
^ "Teen Pop". All Music Guide. Retrieved 2009-10-13.
MTV Teen Idol". Iomusic News. Archived from the original on January
16, 2008. Retrieved 2008-01-25.
^ Winston, Sherri (1998-05-05). "Leomania / Like Sinatra, Elvis And
The Beatles Before Him, The Young Star Of Titanic Is Turning The World
Of Teen-age Girls Upside Down". Sun-Sentinel. Retrieved 23 October
^ "The Top 25 Teen Idols of All Time". yahoo.com. Retrieved 23 March
Momoiro Clover Z
Momoiro Clover Z dazzles audiences with shiny messages of hope".
The Asahi Shimbun. 2012-08-29.
^ "AKB48よりももクロが上 コンサート動員力2014". Nihon
Keizai Shimbun (in Japanese). 4 December 2014. Retrieved 16 September
Nihon Keizai Shimbun
Nihon Keizai Shimbun (in Japanese). 24 June 2013. Retrieved 26 July
^ タレントパワーランキング トップ100. Nikkei
Entertainment (in Japanese). Nikkei BP (June, 2013): 48–49.
2013-05-04. - the largest public opinion survey in Japan (see
^ タレントパワーランキング トップ100. Nikkei
Entertainment (in Japanese). Nikkei BP (June, 2014). 2014-05-02.
^ タレントパワーランキング トップ100. Nikkei
Entertainment (in Japanese). Nikkei BP (June, 2015). 2015-05-02.
^ タレントパワーランキング トップ100. Nikkei
Entertainment (in Japanese). Nikkei BP (June, 2016). 2016-05-04.
^ タレントパワーランキング トップ100. Nikkei
Entertainment (in Japanese). Nikkei BP (June, 2017). 2017-05-04.
The Top 25 Teen Idols of All