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TEELINE is a shorthand system developed in 1968 by James Hill , a teacher of Pitman Shorthand
Shorthand
. It is accepted by the National Council for the Training of Journalists , which certifies the training of journalists in the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
.

It is mainly used within the Commonwealth , but can be adapted for use by Germanic languages
Germanic languages
such as German and Swedish. Its strength over other forms of shorthand is fast learning, and speeds of up to 150 words per minute are possible, with it being common for users to create their own word groupings, increasing their speed.

CONTENTS

* 1 Writing style * 2 Alphabet
Alphabet
* 3 Writing technique * 4 Notable users * 5 In popular culture * 6 References

WRITING STYLE

Teeline shorthand is a streamlined way to transcribe the spoken word quickly by removing unnecessary letters from words and making the letters themselves faster to write. Vowels are often removed when they are not the first or last letter of a word, and silent letters are also ignored. Common prefixes, suffixes, and letter groupings (such as "sh" and "ing") are reduced to single symbols. The symbols themselves are derived from the old cursive forms of the letter and the unnecessary parts are again stripped leaving only the core of the letter left. Unlike Pitman, Teeline is a spelling based system, as opposed to one based on phonetics.

ALPHABET

The Teeline Alphabet
Alphabet

Teeline differs from many shorthand systems by basing itself on the alphabet as opposed to phonetics, making it simpler to learn but also carrying the speed limitations of the alphabet when compared to other systems. However, it is common to find some phonetics spellings used. For example, ph is often just written as an f, so the word phase would be written as if it were spelt fase. This coincides with the creator's intentions of streamlining it as much as possible. As with many shorthand systems, there are few strict rules on how to write it, so it is common for users to make personal adaptations for their own use. Certain letters also have specific meanings as well as their traditional alphabetic value, as shown in the table below.

Note: there may also be some regional, dialectal, and linguistic additions to these as well.

LETTER MEANING NOTES

A auto, after, able, able to, ability Can also be used as an outline for "Blood Group A". There is also an indicator A for words ending in "Ang", but indicators can be used for word beginnings.

B bee , be Can also be used for "blood group B". It can also be mistaken for a number 6, so all numbers 0-99 are circled

C Local, locals, because, (if below the line)

D Do, Day T yet without it some of these courses are just 'Del Boy' degrees," he told the UK Press Gazette.

IN POPULAR CULTURE

Teeline appears on the cover of the album "The Gaelic Chronicles" by The Budapest Cafe Orchestra . Fiddler Christian
Christian
Garrick said he was astounded to find a reporter using shorthand during an interview and asked her to scrawl the words for the album cover.

REFERENCES

* ^ Hill, James (1968), Teeline: a method of fast writing, London, Heinemann Educational, OCLC
OCLC
112342 * ^ A B C D E F G H I Bowers, Meriel; Clarkson, Jean; Hall, Stephanie; Osborne, Celia; Parkinson, Ulli (1991). Teeline Gold (The Course Book) (1 ed.). Oxford: Heinemann Educational. ISBN 0-435-45353-X . * ^ www.pressgazette.co.uk, Reporter breaks shorthand record * ^ "News agency boss says journalism degrees which don’t offer shorthand are ‘Del Boy’ courses – Press Gazette". www.pressgazette.co.uk. Retrieved 2017-03-10. * ^ "Interview: Alastair Campbell, former spin doctor to Tony Blair". www.scotsman.com. Retrieved 2017-03-08. * ^ "On the perils of shorthand and/or mumbling and/or not fully explaining Alastair Campbell". www.alastaircampbell.org. Retrieved 2017-03-08. * ^ Lee-Potter, Emma (2012-02-18). "The PR who made me feel like a museum exhibit". Emma Lee-Potter. Retrieved 2017-03-08. * ^ "The shortcomings of shorthand". The Guardian. 2010-12-08. ISSN 0261-3077 . Retrieved 2017-03-08. * ^ "You will want to learn shorthand after reading this post". Wannabe Hacks. 2010-12-02. Retrieved 2017-03-08. * ^ "News agency boss says journalism degrees which don’t offer shorthand are ‘Del Boy’ courses – Press Gazette". www.pressgazette.co.uk. Retrieved 2017-03-10. * ^ McKenzie, Steven (2016-05-17). "\'Granny\'s Gaelic\' inspires Budapest Cafe Orchestra". BBC News. Retrieved 2017-03-08. * ^ McKenzie, Steven (2016-05-17). "\'Granny\'s Gaelic\' inspires Budapest Cafe Orchestra". BBC News. Retrieved 2017-03-08.

* v * t * e

Types of writing systems

OVERVIEW

* History of writing
History of writing
* Grapheme
Grapheme

LISTS

* Writing systems

* undeciphered * inventors * constructed

* Languages by writing system / by first written accounts

TYPES

ABJADS

* Numerals

* Aramaic

* Hatran

* Arabic * Pitman shorthand
Pitman shorthand

* Hebrew

* Ashuri * Cursive * Rashi * Solitreo

* Tifinagh
Tifinagh
* Manichaean * Nabataean * Old North Arabian * Pahlavi * Pegon

* Phoenician

* Paleo-Hebrew

* Proto-Sinaitic * Psalter * Punic * Samaritan

* South Arabian

* Zabur * Musnad

* Sogdian

* Syriac

* ʾEsṭrangēlā * Serṭā * Maḏnḥāyā

* Teeline Shorthand * Ugaritic

ABUGIDAS

BRAHMIC

NORTHERN

* Asamiya (Ôxômiya) * Bānglā * Bhaikshuki * Bhujinmol * Brāhmī * Devanāgarī * Dogra * Gujarati * Gupta * Gurmukhī * Kaithi
Kaithi
* Kalinga * Khojki * Khotanese * Khudawadi * Laṇḍā * Lepcha * Limbu * Mahajani
Mahajani
* Marchen * Marchung * Meitei Mayek * Modi * Multani * Nāgarī * Nandinagari
Nandinagari
* Odia * \'Phags-pa * Newar * Pungs-chen * Pungs-chung * Ranjana * Sharada * Saurashtra * Siddhaṃ * Soyombo * Sylheti Nagari
Sylheti Nagari
* Takri

* Tibetan

* Uchen * Umê

* Tirhuta
Tirhuta
* Tocharian * Zanabazar Square

SOUTHERN

* Ahom * Balinese * Batak * Baybayin
Baybayin
* Bhattiprolu * Buhid * Burmese * Chakma * Cham * Grantha * Goykanadi * Hanunó\'o * Javanese * Kadamba * Kannada * Kawi * Khmer * Kulitan * Lanna * Lao * Leke * Lontara * Malayalam

* Maldivian

* Dhives Akuru
Dhives Akuru
* Eveyla Akuru * Thaana
Thaana

* Mon * Old Sundanese * Pallava * Pyu * Rejang * Rencong * Sinhala * Sundanese * Tagbanwa * Tai Le * Tai Tham * Tai Viet * Tamil * Telugu * Thai * Tigalari

* Vatteluttu

* Kolezhuthu * Malayanma

* Visayan

OTHERS

* Boyd\'s syllabic shorthand

* Canadian syllabics

* Blackfoot * Déné syllabics
Déné syllabics

* Fox I * Ge\'ez * Gunjala Gondi * Japanese Braille
Japanese Braille
* Jenticha * Kayah Li * Kharosthi
Kharosthi
* Mandombe * Masaram Gondi * Meroitic * Miao * Mwangwego * Sorang Sompeng * Pahawh Hmong
Pahawh Hmong
* Thomas Natural Shorthand
Shorthand

ALPHABETS

LINEAR

* Abkhaz * Adlam * Armenian * Avestan * Avoiuli
Avoiuli
* Bassa Vah * Borama * Carian * Caucasian Albanian * Coorgi–Cox alphabet
Coorgi–Cox alphabet
* Coptic * Cyrillic * Deseret

* Duployan shorthand
Duployan shorthand

* Chinook writing

* Early Cyrillic * Eclectic shorthand * Elbasan * Etruscan * Evenki * Fox II * Fraser * Gabelsberger shorthand
Gabelsberger shorthand
* Garay

* Georgian

* Asomtavruli
Asomtavruli
* Nuskhuri
Nuskhuri
* Mkhedruli
Mkhedruli

* Glagolitic * Gothic * Gregg shorthand
Gregg shorthand
* Greek * Greco-Iberian alphabet
Greco-Iberian alphabet
* Hangul
Hangul
* IPA * Kaddare

* Latin

* Beneventan * Blackletter
Blackletter
* Carolingian minuscule
Carolingian minuscule
* Fraktur
Fraktur
* Gaelic * Insular * Kurrent
Kurrent
* Merovingian * Sigla * Sütterlin
Sütterlin
* Tironian notes
Tironian notes
* Visigothic

* Luo * Lycian * Lydian * Manchu * Mandaic * Molodtsov * Mongolian * Mru * Neo- Tifinagh
Tifinagh
* New Tai Lue * N\'Ko * Ogham
Ogham
* Oirat * Ol Chiki * Old Hungarian * Old Italic * Old Permic * Orkhon * Old Uyghur * Osage * Osmanya * Pau Cin Hau * Rohingya Hanifi

* Runic

* Anglo-Saxon * Cipher * Dalecarlian * Elder Futhark
Elder Futhark
* Younger Futhark
Younger Futhark
* Gothic * Marcomannic * Medieval * Staveless

* Sidetic * Shavian * Somali * Tifinagh
Tifinagh
* Vagindra * Visible Speech
Visible Speech
* Vithkuqi * Zaghawa

NON-LINEAR

* Braille
Braille
* Maritime flags * Morse code
Morse code
* New York Point
New York Point
* Semaphore line
Semaphore line
* Flag semaphore
Flag semaphore
* Moon type
Moon type

IDEOGRAMS /PICTOGRAMS

* Adinkra * Aztec * Blissymbol * Dongba * Ersu Shaba * Emoji
Emoji
* IConji * Isotype * Kaidā * Míkmaq * Mixtec * New Epoch Notation Painting * Nsibidi
Nsibidi
* Ojibwe Hieroglyphs * Siglas poveiras * Testerian * Yerkish * Zapotec

LOGOGRAMS

CHINESE FAMILY OF SCRIPTS

CHINESE CHARACTERS

* Simplified * Traditional * Oracle bone script
Oracle bone script
* Bronze Script

* Seal Script

* large * small * bird-worm

* Hanja
Hanja
* Idu * Kanji
Kanji
* Chữ nôm * Zhuang

CHINESE-INFLUENCED

* Jurchen * Khitan large script
Khitan large script
* Sui * Tangut

CUNEIFORM

* Akkadian * Assyrian * Elamite * Hittite * Luwian * Sumerian

OTHER LOGO-SYLLABIC

* Anatolian * Bagam * Cretan * Isthmian * Maya * Proto-Elamite * Yi (Classical)

LOGO-CONSONANTAL

* Demotic * Hieratic
Hieratic
* Hieroglyphs

NUMERALS

* Hindu-Arabic * Abjad
Abjad
* Attic (Greek) * Muisca * Roman

SEMI-SYLLABARIES

FULL

* Celtiberian * Northeastern Iberian * Southeastern Iberian * Khom

REDUNDANT

* Espanca * Pahawh Hmong
Pahawh Hmong
* Khitan small script
Khitan small script
* Southwest Paleohispanic * Zhùyīn fúhào

SOMACHEIROGRAMS

* ASLwrite * SignWriting
SignWriting
* si5s * Stokoe Notation

SYLLABARIES

* Afaka * Bamum * Bété * Byblos * Cherokee * Cypriot * Cypro-Minoan * Eskayan * Geba * Great Lakes Algonquian syllabics * Iban

* Japanese

* Hiragana
Hiragana
* Katakana
Katakana
* Man\'yōgana * Hentaigana
Hentaigana
* Sogana
Sogana
* Jindai moji

* Kikakui * Kpelle * Linear B
Linear B
* Linear Elamite
Linear Elamite
* Lisu * Loma * Nüshu * Nwagu Aneke script * Old Persian Cuneiform
Cuneiform
* Vai * Woleai * Yi (Modern) * Yugtun

* v * t * e

Braille
Braille
⠃⠗⠁⠊⠇⠇⠑

BRAILLE CELL

* 1829 braille
1829 braille
* International uniformity * ASCII braille * Unicode
Unicode
braille patterns

BRAILLE SCRIPTS

French-ordered scripts (see for more)

* Albanian * Amharic * Arabic * Armenian * Azerbaijani * Belarusian

* Bharati

* Devanagari
Devanagari
(Hindi / Marathi / Nepali) * Bengali * Punjabi * Sinhalese * Tamil * Urdu * etc.

* Bulgarian * Burmese * Cambodian * Cantonese * Catalan * Chinese (Mandarin, mainland) * Czech * Dutch * Dzongkha (Bhutanese) * English (Unified English ) * Esperanto * Estonian * Faroese * French * Georgian * German * Ghanaian * Greek * Guarani * Hawaiian * Hebrew * Hungarian * Icelandic * Inuktitut (reassigned vowels) * Iñupiaq * IPA * Irish * Italian * Kazakh * Kyrgyz * Latvian * Lithuanian * Maltese * Mongolian * Māori * Nigerian * Northern Sami * Persian * Philippine * Polish * Portuguese * Romanian * Russian * Samoan * Scandinavian * Slovak * South African * Spanish * Tatar * Taiwanese Mandarin (largely reassigned) * Thai border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px">

* Algerian Braille
Braille
(obsolete)

FREQUENCY-BASED SCRIPTS

* American Braille
Braille
(obsolete)

INDEPENDENT SCRIPTS

* Japanese * Korean * Two-Cell Chinese

EIGHT-DOT SCRIPTS

* Luxembourgish * Kanji
Kanji
* Gardner–Salinas braille codes (GS8)

SYMBOLS IN BRAILLE

* Braille
Braille
music * Canadian currency marks * Computer Braille
Braille
Code * Gardner–Salinas braille codes (GS8/GS6) * International Phonetic Alphabet
International Phonetic Alphabet
(IPA) * Nemeth braille code

BRAILLE TECHNOLOGY

* Braille
Braille
e-book * Braille
Braille
embosser * Braille
Braille
translator * Braille
Braille
watch * Mountbatten Brailler
Mountbatten Brailler
* Optical braille recognition * Perforation
Perforation
* Perkins Brailler * Refreshable braille display
Refreshable braille display
* Slate and stylus
Slate and stylus
* Braigo
Braigo

PERSONS

* Louis Braille
Braille
* Charles Barbier * Valentin Haüy * Thakur Vishva Narain Singh * Sabriye Tenberken
Sabriye Tenberken
* William Bell Wait

ORGANISATIONS

* Braille
Braille
Institute of America * Braille
Braille
Without Borders * Japan Braille
Braille
Library * National Braille
Braille
Association * Blindness organizations * Schools for the blind * American Printing House for the Blind

OTHER TACTILE ALPHABETS

* Decapoint
Decapoint
* Moon type
Moon type
* New York Point
New York Point
* Night writing
Night writing
* Vibratese

RELATED TOPICS

* Accessible publishing * Braille
Braille
literacy * Ro

.