Teeline is a shorthand system developed in 1968 by James Hill, a
teacher of Pitman Shorthand. It is accepted by the National Council
for the Training of Journalists, which certifies the training of
journalists in the United Kingdom.
It is mainly used within the Commonwealth, but can be adapted for use
1 Writing style 2 Alphabet 3 Writing technique 4 Notable users 5 In popular culture 6 References
Writing style Teeline shorthand is a streamlined way to transcribe the spoken word quickly by removing unnecessary letters from words and making the letters themselves faster to write. Vowels are often removed when they are not the first or last letter of a word, and silent letters are also ignored. Common prefixes, suffixes, and letter groupings (such as "sh" and "ing") are reduced to single symbols. The symbols themselves are derived from the old cursive forms of the letter and the unnecessary parts are again stripped leaving only the core of the letter left. Unlike phonetics based shorthands, such as Pitman, Teeline is a spelling based system. Alphabet
The Teeline Alphabet
Teeline differs from many shorthand systems by basing itself on the alphabet as opposed to phonetics, making it simpler to learn but also carrying the speed limitations of the alphabet when compared to other systems. However, it is common to find some phonetics spellings used. For example, ph is often just written as an f, so the word phase would be written as if it were spelt fase. This coincides with the creator's intentions of streamlining it as much as possible. As with many shorthand systems, there are few strict rules on how to write it, so it is common for users to make personal adaptations for their own use. Certain letters also have specific meanings as well as their traditional alphabetic value, as shown in the table below. Note: there may also be some regional, dialectal, and linguistic additions to these as well.
Letter Meaning Notes
A auto, after, able, able to, ability Can also be used as an outline for "Blood Group A". There is also an indicator A for words ending in "Ang", but indicators can be used for word beginnings.
B bee, be Can also be used for "blood group B". It can also be mistaken for a number 6, so all numbers 0-99 are circled
C Local, locals, because, (if below the line)
D Do, Day T & D are parallel lines, but T can be dropped in certain cases. T goes at the top of the line and D goes to the bottom.
E Electricity Also used as an indicator for words spelled with "eng"
G Go, Gentleman
H He Written on the line, so it's not mistaken for a "P"
I I (singular), Eye Also used as indicator I and words spelled with "Ing"
J None Can be given a meaning
K Kilo, Kind, Like
L Letter, Lady, a lot, a lot of Upwards L can be used as an outline for facilities. Sharp "L" used before a G,M and N, upwards L afterwards.
M Me, May
N Non, Nation, National, Begin, Beyond Begin/Beyond are written below the line but Non, Nation and National are special outlines that use a special N (looking like an upside down Q). Also used in the T position to denote words ending in "ion", such as "junction".
O Blood, bloodspot, pint of blood, or Outline for "Blood" derived from blood groups, meaning that A, B and O can be used as an outline for each blood group. Also used as an indicator for words spelt with "ong" and "ology", so sociology would be written as "S,C, disjoined O".
P Page, Pence, Police Can be blended with H to form word groupings with "At The post office" or "in the post", "In the Past"
Q Queen, question, equal
R Are, authority
T to, too
U You Indicator used for words ending in "ung" and beginning in "un"
V Very, Evidence, evidently "Evidence" and "Evidently" are written below the line
X Accident, accidentally Can also be used for "Christ", "Christian", etc. Cf. X for "Christ"
Y Your, Why
Z Zoo Can be replaced with an S
SH shall, shell represented as a longhand letter S and can be used in words like "special" or "social".
TH The, Thousand(s) Can be used in word groupings like "At The", "in The", etc., by putting the "At" or "in" in the T position.
Teeline eliminates unnecessary letters, so that the remaining letters
can be written in one swift, sweeping movement. People who use it
daily will run words together: proficient users develop their own
forms for common phrases, such as "more and more people" and "in the
It is possible to write most words using basic Teeline theory, which
consists of the alphabet and vowel indicators, but learning advanced
Teeline theory allows users to increase their speed to well in excess
of 100 words per minute.
Examples of Teeline theory include blending of letters (such as CM, CN
and PL) and the R principle.
Doubling is also commonly used in Teeline - this involves lengthening
the outlines for D, T, L, M and W to indicate that an R comes after
these outlines - for example, the "D" outline becomes "DR" when it is
lengthened, and "M" becomes "MR".
Speed can be dramatically increased through the use of reduced
suffixes and prefixes that occur frequently, such as "under-",
"multi-" and "trans-", along with "-nce", "nch", "-able" and "-ing".
^ Hill, James (1968), Teeline: a method of fast writing, London, Heinemann Educational, OCLC 112342 ^ a b c d e f g h i Bowers, Meriel; Clarkson, Jean; Hall, Stephanie; Osborne, Celia; Parkinson, Ulli (1991). Teeline Gold (The Course Book) (1 ed.). Oxford: Heinemann Educational. ISBN 0-435-45353-X. ^ www.pressgazette.co.uk, Reporter breaks shorthand record ^ "News agency boss says journalism degrees which don't offer shorthand are 'Del Boy' courses – Press Gazette". www.pressgazette.co.uk. Retrieved 2017-03-10. ^ "Interview: Alastair Campbell, former spin doctor to Tony Blair". www.scotsman.com. Retrieved 2017-03-08. ^ "On the perils of shorthand and/or mumbling and/or not fully explaining Alastair Campbell". www.alastaircampbell.org. Retrieved 2017-03-08. ^ Lee-Potter, Emma (2012-02-18). "The PR who made me feel like a museum exhibit". Emma Lee-Potter. Retrieved 2017-03-08. ^ "The shortcomings of shorthand". The Guardian. 2010-12-08. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2017-03-08. ^ "You will want to learn shorthand after reading this post". Wannabe Hacks. 2010-12-02. Retrieved 2017-03-08. ^ "News agency boss says journalism degrees which don't offer shorthand are 'Del Boy' courses – Press Gazette". www.pressgazette.co.uk. Retrieved 2017-03-10. ^ McKenzie, Steven (2016-05-17). "'Granny's Gaelic' inspires Budapest Cafe Orchestra". BBC News. Retrieved 2017-03-08. ^ McKenzie, Steven (2016-05-17). "'Granny's Gaelic' inspires Budapest Cafe Orchestra". BBC News. Retrieved 2017-03-08.
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Types of writing systems
History of writing Grapheme
undeciphered inventors constructed
Languages by writing system / by first written accounts
Arabic Pitman shorthand Hebrew
Ashuri Cursive Rashi Solitreo
Tifinagh Manichaean Nabataean Old North Arabian Pahlavi Pegon Phoenician
Proto-Sinaitic Psalter Punic Samaritan South Arabian
ʾEsṭrangēlā Serṭā Maḏnḥāyā
Teeline Shorthand Ugaritic
Asamiya (Ôxômiya) Bānglā Bhaikshuki Bhujinmol Brāhmī Devanāgarī Dogri Gujarati Gupta Gurmukhī Kaithi Kalinga Khojki Khotanese Khudawadi Laṇḍā Lepcha Limbu Mahajani Meitei Mayek Modi Multani Nāgarī Nandinagari Odia 'Phags-pa Newar Ranjana Sharada Saurashtra Siddhaṃ Soyombo Sylheti Nagari Takri Tibetan
Tirhuta Tocharian Zanabazar Square Zhang-Zhung
Drusha Marchen Marchung Pungs-chen Pungs-chung
Ahom Balinese Batak Baybayin Bhattiprolu Buhid Burmese Chakma Cham Grantha Goykanadi Hanunó'o Javanese Kadamba Kannada Karen Kawi Khmer Kulitan Lanna Lao Leke Lontara Malayalam Maldivian
Dhives Akuru Eveyla Akuru Thaana
Mon Old Makassarese Old Sundanese Pallava Pyu Rejang Rencong Sinhala Sundanese Tagbanwa Tai Le Tai Tham Tai Viet Tamil Telugu Thai Tigalari Vatteluttu
Boyd's syllabic shorthand Canadian syllabics
Blackfoot Déné syllabics
Fox I Ge'ez Gunjala Gondi Japanese Braille Jenticha Kayah Li Kharosthi Mandombe Masaram Gondi Meroitic Miao Mwangwego Sorang Sompeng Pahawh Hmong Thomas Natural Shorthand
Abkhaz Adlam Armenian Avestan Avoiuli Bassa Vah Borama Carian Caucasian Albanian Coorgi–Cox alphabet Coptic Cyrillic Deseret Duployan shorthand
Early Cyrillic Eclectic shorthand Elbasan Etruscan Evenki Fox II Fraser Gabelsberger shorthand Garay Georgian
Asomtavruli Nuskhuri Mkhedruli
Glagolitic Gothic Gregg shorthand Greek Greco-Iberian alphabet Hangul Hanifi IPA Kaddare Latin
Beneventan Blackletter Carolingian minuscule Fraktur Gaelic Insular Kurrent Merovingian Sigla Sütterlin Tironian notes Visigothic
Luo Lycian Lydian Manchu Mandaic Medefaidrin Molodtsov Mongolian Mru Neo-Tifinagh New Tai Lue N'Ko Ogham Oirat Ol Chiki Old Hungarian Old Italic Old Permic Orkhon Old Uyghur Osage Osmanya Pau Cin Hau Runic
Anglo-Saxon Cipher Dalecarlian Elder Futhark Younger Futhark Gothic Marcomannic Medieval Staveless
Sidetic Shavian Somali Tifinagh Vagindra Visible Speech Vithkuqi Wancho Zaghawa
Braille Maritime flags Morse code New York Point Semaphore line Flag semaphore Moon type
Adinkra Aztec Blissymbol Dongba Ersu Shaba Emoji IConji Isotype Kaidā Míkmaq Mixtec New Epoch Notation Painting Nsibidi Ojibwe Hieroglyphs Siglas poveiras Testerian Yerkish Zapotec
Chinese family of scripts
Simplified Traditional Oracle bone script Bronze Script Seal Script
large small bird-worm
Hanja Idu Kanji Chữ nôm Zhuang
Jurchen Khitan large script Sui Tangut
Akkadian Assyrian Elamite Hittite Luwian Sumerian
Anatolian Bagam Cretan Isthmian Maya Proto-Elamite Yi (Classical)
Demotic Hieratic Hieroglyphs
Hindu-Arabic Abjad Attic (Greek) Muisca Roman
Celtiberian Northeastern Iberian Southeastern Iberian Khom
Espanca Pahawh Hmong Khitan small script Southwest Paleohispanic Zhuyin fuhao
ASLwrite SignWriting si5s Stokoe Notation
Afaka Bamum Bété Byblos Cherokee Cypriot Cypro-Minoan Ditema tsa Dinoko Eskayan Geba Great Lakes Algonquian syllabics Iban Japanese
Hiragana Katakana Man'yōgana Hentaigana Sogana Jindai moji
Kikakui Kpelle Linear B Linear Elamite Lisu Loma Nüshu Nwagu Aneke script Old Persian Cuneiform Vai Woleai Yi (Modern) Yugtun
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French-ordered scripts (see for more)
Albanian Amharic Arabic Armenian Azerbaijani Belarusian Bharati
Bulgarian Burmese Cambodian Cantonese Catalan Chinese (Mandarin, mainland) Czech Dutch Dzongkha (Bhutanese) English (Unified English) Esperanto Estonian Faroese French Georgian German Ghanaian Greek Guarani Hawaiian Hebrew Hungarian Icelandic Inuktitut (reassigned vowels) Iñupiaq IPA Irish Italian Kazakh Kyrgyz Latvian Lithuanian Maltese Mongolian Māori Navajo Nigerian Northern Sami Persian Philippine Polish Portuguese Romanian Russian Samoan Scandinavian Slovak South African Spanish Tatar Taiwanese Mandarin (largely reassigned) Thai & Lao (Japanese vowels) Tibetan Turkish Ukrainian Vietnamese Welsh Yugoslav
Japanese Korean Two-Cell Chinese
Luxembourgish Kanji Gardner–Salinas braille codes (GS8)
Symbols in braille
Louis Braille Charles Barbier Valentin Haüy Thakur Vishva Narain Singh Sabriye Tenberken William Bell Wait
Other tactile alphabets
Decapoint Moon type New York Point Night writing Vibratese
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Electronic writing systems
Emoticons Emoji iConji Leet Unicode
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See also English internet slang (at Wiktio