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TEDDINGTON is an affluent suburban area in south west London
London
in the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames . Until 1965, it was in the historic county of Middlesex
Middlesex
. Teddington
Teddington
is on the north bank of the Thames , just after the start of a long meander , between Hampton Wick and Strawberry Hill, Twickenham
Twickenham
. Mostly residential, it stretches from the Thames to Bushy Park
Bushy Park
with a long high street reaching down to pubs, restaurants, leisure premises, fields and fitness clubs by the riverside, having a pedestrian suspension bridge over the lowest non-tidal lock on the Thames, Teddington Lock
Teddington Lock
. Teddington's centre is mid-rise urban development.

CONTENTS

* 1 Economy

* 2 History

* 2.1 Etymology * 2.2 Teddington\'s beginnings * 2.3 Economic change * 2.4 The 20th century

* 3 Society * 4 Education * 5 Sport

* 6 Transport

* 6.1 Nearest railway stations * 6.2 Buses

* 7 Geography * 8 Demography and housing * 9 Places of worship

* 10 Notable residents

* 10.1 Living people * 10.2 Historical figures

* 11 Notes and references * 12 Further reading * 13 External links

ECONOMY

Teddington
Teddington
is bisected by an almost continuous road of shops, offices and other facilities running from the river to Bushy Park. There are two clusters of offices on this route; on the edge of Bushy Park
Bushy Park
the NPL , NMO and LGC form a scientific centre. Around Teddington
Teddington
Station and the town centre are a number of offices in industries such as direct marketing and IT , which include Tearfund
Tearfund
and BMT Limited . Several riverside businesses and houses were redeveloped in the last quarter of the 20th century as blocks of riverside flats. As of 2016 the riverside side of the former Teddington Studios is being developed to provide modern apartment blocks and other smaller houses.

The first/last lock on the Thames, Teddington Lock
Teddington Lock
, which is just within Ham 's boundary, is accessible via the Teddington
Teddington
Lock Footbridges . In 2001 the RNLI
RNLI
opened the Teddington
Teddington
Lifeboat Station , one of the four Thames lifeboat stations, below the lock on the Teddington
Teddington
side. The station became operational in January 2002 and is the only volunteer station on the river.

HISTORY

ETYMOLOGY

The name "Teddington" comes from the name of an Old English tribal leader, Tuda. The place was known in Saxon and Norman times as Todyngton and Tutington.

TEDDINGTON\'S BEGINNINGS

There have been isolated findings of flint and bone tools from the Mesolithic and Neolithic
Neolithic
periods in Bushy Park
Bushy Park
and some unauthenticated evidence of Roman occupation. However, the first permanent settlement in Teddington
Teddington
was probably in Saxon times. Teddington
Teddington
was not mentioned in Domesday Book
Domesday Book
as it was included under the Hampton entry.

Teddington
Teddington
Manor was first owned by Benedictine monks in Staines
Staines
and it is believed they built a chapel dedicated to St. Mary on the same site as today's St. Mary's Church. In 971, a charter gave the land in Teddington
Teddington
to the Abbey of Westminster
Westminster
. By the 14th century Teddington
Teddington
had a population of 100–200 and with most land was owned by the Abbot of Westminster , the remainder was rented by tenants who had to work the fields a certain number of days a year.

The Hampton Court gardens were erected in 1500 in preparation for the planned rebuilding of a 14th-century manor to form Hampton Court Palace in 1521 and were to serve as hunting grounds for Cardinal Wolsey and later Henry VIII
Henry VIII
and his family. In 1540 some common land of Teddington
Teddington
was enclosed to form Bushy Park
Bushy Park
and acted as more hunting grounds. Sluice gates
Sluice gates
on the River Thames
River Thames
St Alban\'s Church , now the Landmark Arts Centre The chapel at Teddington Cemetery Tram at Teddington
Teddington
in about 1905 Carnegie Library
Carnegie Library
(1906), built in the Edwardian Baroque style Lloyds Bank , Teddington
Teddington

Bushy House
Bushy House
was built in 1663, and its notable residents included British Prime Minister Lord North who lived there for over twenty years. A large minority of the parish lay in largely communal open fields, restricted in the Middle Ages to certain villagers. These were inclosed (privatised) in two phases, in 1800 and 1818. Shortly afterwards, the future William IV of the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
lived there with his mistress Dorothy Jordan before acceding to the throne, and later with his Queen Consort, Adelaide of Saxe-Meiningen
Adelaide of Saxe-Meiningen
. The facilities were later converted into the National Physical Laboratory .

ECONOMIC CHANGE

In subsequent centuries, Teddington
Teddington
enjoyed a prosperous life due to the proximity of royalty and by 1800 had grown significantly. But the " Little Ice Age " had made farming much less profitable and residents were forced to find other work. This change resulted in great economic change in the 19th century.

The first major event was the construction of Teddington Lock
Teddington Lock
in 1811 with its weir across the river. This was the first (and now the biggest) of five locks built at the time by the City of London Corporation . In 1889 Teddington Lock
Teddington Lock
Footbridge consisting of a suspension bridge section and a girder bridge section was completed, linking Teddington
Teddington
to Ham (then in Surrey
Surrey
, now in London). It was funded by local business and public subscription.

After the railway was built in 1863, easy travel to Twickenham, Richmond , Kingston and London
London
was possible and Teddington
Teddington
experienced a population boom, rising from 1,183 in 1861 to 6,599 in 1881 to 14,037 in 1901.

Many roads and houses were built, continuing into the 20th century, forming the close-knit network of Victorian and Edwardian streets present today. In 1867, a local board was established and an urban district council in 1895.

In 1864 a group of Christians left the Anglican Church of St. Mary's (upset at the High Church tendencies there) and formed their own independent and Reformed, Protestant in style, congregation at Christ Church . Their original church building was to be found on what is now called "Church Road".

The Victorians attempted to build a massive church, St. Alban\'s , based on the Notre Dame de Paris
Notre Dame de Paris
; however, funds ran out and only the nave of what was to be the "Cathedral of the Thames Valley" was completed. In 1993 the temporary wall was replaced with a permanent one as part of a refurbishment that converted St Alban's Church into the Landmark Arts Centre , a venue for concerts and exhibitions.

A new cemetery, Teddington Cemetery , opened at Shacklegate Lane in 1879.

Several schools were built in Teddington
Teddington
in the late 19th century in response to the 1870 Education Act , putting over 2,000 children in schools by 1899, transforming the previously illiterate village.

THE 20TH CENTURY

On 26 April 1913 a train was almost destroyed in Teddington
Teddington
after an arson attack by suffragettes .

Great change took place around the turn of the 20th century in Teddington. Many new establishments were springing up, including Sim's Opticians and Dowsett's newsagents, which still exist today. In 1902 the National Physical Laboratory (NPL), the national measurement standards laboratory for the United Kingdom, and the largest applied physics organisation in the UK, started in Bushy House
Bushy House
(primarily working in industry and metrology and where the first accurate atomic clock was built) and the Teddington
Teddington
Carnegie Library
Carnegie Library
was built in 1906. Electricity
Electricity
was also now supplied to Teddington
Teddington
allowing for more development.

Until this point, the only hospital had been the very small cottage hospital , but it could not manage the growing population especially during the First World War. Money was raised over the next decade to build Teddington Memorial Hospital in 1929.

By the beginning of the Second World War, by far the greatest source of employment in Teddington
Teddington
was in the NPL. Its main focus in the war was military research and its most famous invention, the "bouncing bomb ", was developed. During the war General Dwight D. Eisenhower planned the D-Day landings at his Supreme Headquarters Allied Expeditionary Force ( SHAEF
SHAEF
) in Bushy Park
Bushy Park
. Teddington Studios

The "towpath murders " took place across the river in 1953. On 1 June, Barbara Songhurst was discovered floating in the River Thames, having been stabbed four times. Her friend Christine Reed, then missing, was found dead on 6 June. On 28 June, Alfred Whiteway was arrested for their murder, and the sexual assault of three other women that same year. Whiteway was hanged at Wandsworth
Wandsworth
Prison on 22 November 1953. Whiteway and the girls were all from Teddington. The case was described as "one of Scotland Yard 's most notable triumphs in a century".

Teddington Studios , a digital widescreen television studio complex and one of the former homes of Thames Television , opened in 1958.

Most major rebuilding from bomb damage in World War II was completed by 1960. Chain stores began to open up, including Tesco
Tesco
and Sweatshop in 1971.

SOCIETY

The Teddington
Teddington
Society, which was formed in 1973 by local residents, seeks to preserve the character of Teddington
Teddington
and to support local community projects.

EDUCATION

Main article: List of schools in Richmond upon Thames

The education authority for Teddington
Teddington
is Richmond upon Thames London Borough Council .

Primary schools in Teddington
Teddington
include Collis Primary School (Fairfax Rd), St Mary's "> The Lensbury Cricket and hockey clubs in Bushy Park
Bushy Park

In the late 19th century, Bushy Park
Bushy Park
became home to Teddington Cricket Club. From this, stemmed Teddington
Teddington
Hockey
Hockey
Club in 1871, which was responsible for introducing important rules of the modern game of hockey including the striking circle and the "sticks" rule. Others

* Kingston Royals Dragon Boat Racing Club * The Lensbury sports and social club of Royal Dutch Shell – a private members' club with membership available to non-Shell employees. The sports teams previously associated with it have become independent * NPL Sports Club * Royal Canoe Club * The Skiff Club * Teddington
Teddington
Athletic FC * Teddington
Teddington
Rugby Football Club * Walbrook Rowing Club * Weirside AFC play at the Broom Road site; they have a clubhouse overlooking Teddington
Teddington
Lock

TRANSPORT

NEAREST RAILWAY STATIONS

Teddington railway station

* Teddington
Teddington
* Hampton Wick
Hampton Wick
* Fulwell * Strawberry Hill

Teddington railway station is on the long-electrified Kingston Loop Line close to the junction of the Shepperton Branch Line
Shepperton Branch Line
. Trains run both ways to London Waterloo
London Waterloo
: one way via Kingston upon Thames
Kingston upon Thames
and Wimbledon every 15 minutes, the other via Richmond and Putney
Putney
every 30 minutes. Trains also run to Shepperton
Shepperton
every 30 minutes.

BUSES

Teddington
Teddington
is served by buses to other London
London
locations, including London Heathrow , West Croydon
Croydon
and Hammersmith
Hammersmith

GEOGRAPHY

‹ The template below (Geographic location ) is being considered for deletion. See templates for discussion to help reach a consensus. ›

NEIGHBOURING DISTRICTS

Fulwell and West Twickenham
Twickenham
Strawberry Hill Twickenham
Twickenham
and Ham

Hampton Hill

Ham and Kingston upon Thames
Kingston upon Thames

TEDDINGTON

Hampton Hampton Court, Hampton Hampton Wick
Hampton Wick

DEMOGRAPHY AND HOUSING

2011 CENSUS HOMES WARD DETACHED SEMI-DETACHED TERRACED FLATS AND APARTMENTS CARAVANS/TEMPORARY/MOBILE HOMES/HOUSEBOATS SHARED BETWEEN HOUSEHOLDS

(ward) 339 972 1,217 2,065 1 22

2011 CENSUS HOUSEHOLDS WARD POPULATION HOUSEHOLDS % OWNED OUTRIGHT % OWNED WITH A LOAN HECTARES

(ward) 10,330 4,853 31 35 427

PLACES OF WORSHIP

St Mary\'s parish church, Teddington
Teddington

* St Mary with St Alban Church of England
England
parish church , built circa 1400. St Mary's is the original church; St Alban\'s , across the road, is now the Landmark Arts Centre * Teddington Baptist Church – evangelical Baptist church * Sacred Heart Church – Roman Catholic church designed by Kelly & Birchall , opened in 1893 * St Mark’s, Teddington – Church of England * Teddington Methodist Church * Christ Church – an independent congregation worshipping in Church of England
England
style * St Peter "> Noël Coward, 1972 Photograph by Allan Warren
Allan Warren

LIVING PEOPLE

* Mo Farah , Olympian long-distance runner, has a home in Teddington

* Viv Groskop , journalist, writer and comedian, lives in Teddington

* Keira Knightley
Keira Knightley
actress, was born in Teddington

HISTORICAL FIGURES

* The Dowager Queen Adelaide , widow of William IV, spent her last years (1837–1849) at Bushy House
Bushy House
, Teddington
Teddington
* Sir Noël Coward
Noël Coward
(1899–1973), actor, playwright and songwriter, was born at 131 Waldegrave Road, Teddington. There is a bust of Coward, sculpted by Avril Vellacott, in Teddington
Teddington
Library, which is only a short distance away * Dorothy Edwards , (1914-1982) children's author * Prince Louis, Duke of Nemours (1814–1896) lived at Bushy House
Bushy House
* Eugène Marais (1871–1936), South African lawyer, naturalist, poet and writer, lived in Coleshill Road in Teddington
Teddington
from 1898 to 1902 * Norman Selfe (1839–1911), engineer, naval architect, inventor, urban planner and advocate of technical education, was born in Teddington
Teddington

NOTES AND REFERENCES

* ^ A B C Key Statistics; Quick Statistics: Population Density United Kingdom
United Kingdom
Census 2011 Office for National Statistics
Office for National Statistics
Retrieved 20 December 2013 * ^ "Media group plots move to Teddington
Teddington
(From Your Local Guardian)". Yourlocalguardian.co.uk. 26 June 2013. Retrieved 27 April 2014. * ^ Sheaf, John; Howe, Ken (1995). Hampton and Teddington
Teddington
Past, Historical Publications. ISBN 0-948667-25-7 p. 9 * ^ Twickenham
Twickenham
Museum * ^ Map of the parish * ^ Susan Reynolds (ed.) (1962) "Twickenham: Introduction", in A History of the County of Middlesex: Volume 3, Shepperton, Staines, Stanwell, Sunbury, Teddington, Heston and Isleworth, Twickenham, Cowley, Cranford, West Drayton, Greenford, Hanwell, Harefield and Harlington London: Victoria County History , pp. 139-147. Accessed 10 August 2015 * ^ Jerrold, Clare A. (1914). The Story of Dorothy Jordan. Eveleigh Nash. * ^ Thacker, Frederick S. (1968) , The Thames Highway, II: Locks and Weirs, Newton Abbott
Newton Abbott
: David & Charles * ^ " Teddington
Teddington
Cemetery". Cemeteries. London
London
Borough of Richmond upon Thames . Retrieved 8 August 2015. * ^ Buchanan, Clare (20 April 2013). " Teddington
Teddington
suffragette attack remembered 100 years on". Richmond and Twickenham
Twickenham
Times . Retrieved 6 July 2013. * ^ Teddington
Teddington
Memorial Hospital * ^ Cullen, Pamela V. A Stranger in Blood: The Case Files on Dr John Bodkin Adams, London, Elliott & Thompson, 2006, ISBN 1-904027-19-9 * ^ Buchanan, Clare (14 October 2013). " Teddington
Teddington
Society celebrates 40th anniversary, then gets straight back to work". Richmond Guardian. Retrieved 11 December 2013. * ^ Collis School, St Marys Connolly, Helen (2005). Field hockey: rules, tips, strategy, and safety. The Rosen Publishing Group. ISBN 978-1-4042-0182-8 . * ^ Hewitson, Jessie (25 October 2007). "Homes a world away from the city". The Daily Telegraph
The Daily Telegraph
. Retrieved 6 July 2013. * ^ Teed, Paul (19 September 2012). "Teddington\'s Mo Farah to be granted freedom of Richmond". Richmond and Twickenham
Twickenham
Times . Retrieved 19 September 2012. * ^ Adams, Fiona (July 2013). "Page to Stage". Richmond Magazine. access-date= requires url= (help ) * ^ "Royal Richmond timeline". Local history timelines. London Borough of Richmond upon Thames . 23 July 2012. Retrieved 15 September 2016. * ^ Boyes, Valerie (2012). Royal Minstrels to Rock and Roll; 500 years of music-making in Richmond. London: Museum of Richmond . * ^ "Blue Plaques". Visit Richmond. London
London
Borough of Richmond upon Thames . Retrieved 9 October 2012. * ^ Historic England
England
. " Teddington
Teddington
Library (1396400)". National Heritage List for England
England
. Retrieved 15 September 2016. * ^ "Residences of the French Royal House of Orleans" (PDF). Local History Notes. London Borough of Richmond upon Thames . Retrieved 11 October 2012. * ^ Buchanan, Clare (22 April 2013). " Teddington
Teddington
plaque pledge for South African poet Eugene Marais". Richmond and Twickenham
Twickenham
Times . Retrieved 6 July 2013. * ^ Murray-Smith, S. "Selfe, Norman (1839–1911)". Australian Dictionary of Biography . National Centre of Biography at the Australian National University
Australian National University
. Retrieved 12 April 2013.

FURTHER READING

* Sheaf, John; Howe, Ken. Hampton and Teddington
Teddington
Past, Historical Publications, 1995. ISBN 0-948667-25-7 * Howe, Ken; Cherry, Mike. Twickenham, Teddington
Teddington
and Hampton in Old