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Frederick Rudolph "Ted" Schroeder (July 20, 1921 – May 26, 2006) was an American tennis player who won the two most prestigious amateur tennis titles, Wimbledon and the U.S. National. He was the No. 1-ranked American player in 1942; the No. 2 for 4 consecutive years, 1946 through 1949, and the latter year saw Schroeder ranked World No. 1 by Pierre Gillou (president of the Fédération Française de Tennis).[1] He was born in Newark, New Jersey, but developed as a tennis player in Southern California under the guidance of Perry T. Jones.

Contents

1 Early career 2 'Lucky Ted' 3 Professional hope 4 Post-war 5 Abilities 6 Grand Slam finals

6.1 Singles (2 titles, 1 runner-up) 6.2 Men's doubles (3 titles, 3 runner-ups) 6.3 Mixed doubles (1 title)

7 Notes 8 Sources 9 External links

Early career[edit] Schroeder was an almost exact contemporary of Jack Kramer, having been born only 10 days earlier in 1921, and they began to play against each other as top boy players in the mid-1930s. Schroeder's career is similar to Kramer's in that they both became top players whose careers were then interrupted by World War II. They were also lifelong friends and at least once Schroeder mortgaged his house on short notice in order to be able to lend an unsolicited $25,000 to Kramer. Schroeder, however, attended college for 4 years, the first two at the University of Southern California (USC), and the last two at Stanford University, while Kramer, apparently, spent only two years at Rollins College in Winter Park, Florida. After the war Kramer proved himself to be slightly better than Schroeder in the amateur ranks. Kramer then turned professional, where he immediately established himself as the best player in the world by demolishing the pro champion, Bobby Riggs, by 69 victories to 20 losses in the 1948 tour. 'Lucky Ted'[edit] Riggs then semi-retired and became the promoter of the tour. He and Kramer decided that the only player who could oppose Kramer for a financially successful tour would be Schroeder. The youthful Pancho Gonzales was the reigning American amateur champion, due to his upset win at the U.S. Open Championships in 1948, but during his brief career had been beaten by Schroeder 8 matches out of 9. Schroeder, playing during vacation time from his job, won Wimbledon in June 1949, winning some tough matches along the way. Schroeder was two sets down against Gardnar Mulloy in round one and then had five set wins against Frank Sedgman, Eric Sturgess and Jaroslav Drobny in the quarters, semis and final.[2] According to his obituary in the New York Times, he . . .

“ also captivated London as an outgoing, straightforward Yank smoking a corn-cob pipe and earned the nickname 'Lucky Ted' there for his five-set escapes. ”

Professional hope[edit] Following his Wimbledon victory, Riggs and Kramer offered Schroeder $25,000 to turn pro after he won the up-coming 1949 U.S. Championships and Schroeder accepted. But Gonzales upset their plans by beating the heavily favored Schroeder in a five-set final — it has been called the 11th greatest match of all time.[3] Gonzales lost the 1-hour and 15-minute first set 16–18 but finally managed to prevail in the fifth set.[4] Kramer writes that in spite of his friendship with Schroeder, he has always felt that Schroeder subconsciously "tanked" the match, in order to avoid the rigors of the professional tour. In any event, Gonzales was now the two-time American champion and Kramer and Riggs were obliged to sign him, instead of Schroeder, to a professional contract. Post-war[edit] According to his obituary in The Times, however, Schroeder was never much more than a part-time player after the War, being preoccupied with his family and his career as vice president of a commercial refrigeration equipment company, and had never really intended to turn professional. "Schroeder always said he took his tennis far too emotionally to allow him to treat it as a full-time job." Schroeder remained a successful amateur player for a few more years and then faded from view. He died in La Jolla, California at the age of 84. His son, John, is a professional golfer who has won on the PGA Tour. Abilities[edit] In his 1979 autobiography, the long-time tennis promoter and great player Jack Kramer included Schroeder in his list of the 21 greatest players of all time.[5] Schroeder, says Kramer, "won with heart and stamina, but lacked in the simple mechanics." Kramer writes,

"As a player, Schroed had weaknesses with his groundstrokes. Long before the rest of us, he was rushing the net because he couldn't rely on his backhand or forehand.... he had the ideal attacking grass game: a terrific overhead and volley (especially the backhand) and that most valuable of all tools, a strong second serve. Also, Schroed was tough physically, at a time of long best-of-five deuce sets, and he was a great fighter."

Schroeder was inducted into the International Tennis Hall of Fame in Newport, Rhode Island, in 1966, two years before his old friend Jack Kramer. Grand Slam finals[edit] Singles (2 titles, 1 runner-up)[edit]

Outcome Year Championship Surface Opponent Score

Winner 1942 U.S. Championships Grass Frank Parker 8–6, 7–5, 3–6, 4–6, 6–2

Winner 1949 Wimbledon Grass Jaroslav Drobný 3–6, 6–0, 6–3, 4–6, 6–4

Runner-up 1949 U.S. Championships Grass Pancho Gonzales 18–16, 6–2, 1–6, 2–6, 4–6

Men's doubles (3 titles, 3 runner-ups)[edit]

Outcome Year Championship Surface Partner Opponents Score

Winner 1940 U.S. Championships Grass Jack Kramer Gardnar Mulloy Henry Prussoff 6–4, 8–6, 9–7

Winner 1941 U.S. Championships Grass Jack Kramer Wayne Sabin Gardnar Mulloy 9–7, 6–4, 6–2

Runner-up 1942 U.S. Championships Grass Sidney Wood Gardnar Mulloy Bill Talbert 5–7, 7–9, 1–6

Winner 1947 U.S. Championships Grass Jack Kramer Bill Talbert Bill Sidwell 6–4, 7–5, 6–3

Runner-up 1948 U.S. Championships Grass Frank Parker Gardnar Mulloy Bill Talbert 6–1, 7–9, 3–6, 6–3, 7–9

Runner-up 1949 Wimbledon Grass Gardnar Mulloy Pancho Gonzales Frank Parker 4–6, 4–6, 2–6

Mixed doubles (1 title)[edit]

Outcome Year Championship Surface Partner Opponents Score

Winner 1942 U.S. Championships Grass Louise Brough Patricia Canning Todd Alejo Russell 3–6, 6–1, 6–4

Notes[edit]

^ a b "World Net List Led By Schroeder", The Hartford Courant, October 20, 1949. ^ "Wimbledon 1949". www.tennis.co.nf.  ^ Tennis Magazine, on page 330 of The Tennis Book, Edited by Michael Bartlett and Bob Gillen ^ Austin Bealmear (September 6, 1949). "Pro Tennis Beckoning to Gonzales After Gallant Win Over Schroeder". The Evening Independent. AP. p. 13.  ^ Writing in 1979, Kramer considered the best ever to have been either Don Budge (for consistent play) or Ellsworth Vines (at the height of his game). The next four best were, chronologically, Bill Tilden, Fred Perry, Bobby Riggs, and Pancho Gonzales. After these six came the "second echelon" of Rod Laver, Lew Hoad, Ken Rosewall, Gottfried von Cramm, Ted Schroeder, Jack Crawford, Pancho Segura, Frank Sedgman, Tony Trabert, John Newcombe, Arthur Ashe, Stan Smith, Björn Borg, and Jimmy Connors. He felt unable to rank Henri Cochet and René Lacoste accurately but felt they were among the very best.

Sources[edit]

The Game, My 40 Years in Tennis (1979), Jack Kramer with Frank Deford (ISBN 0-399-12336-9) Man with a Racket, The Autobiography of Pancho Gonzales, as Told to Cy Rice (1959)

External links[edit]

Ted Schroeder at the International Tennis Hall of Fame New York Times, "Ted Schroeder, 84, Winner 0f Tennis Titles in 1940's, Dies" May 27, 2006

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Pre Open Era Wimbledon gentlemen's singles champions

(1877) Spencer Gore (1878) Frank Hadow (1879) John Hartley (1880) John Hartley (1881) William Renshaw (1882) William Renshaw (1883) William Renshaw (1884) William Renshaw (1885) William Renshaw (1886) William Renshaw (1887) Herbert Lawford (1888) Ernest Renshaw (1889) William Renshaw (1890) Willoughby Hamilton (1891) Wilfred Baddeley (1892) Wilfred Baddeley (1893) Joshua Pim (1894) Joshua Pim (1895) Wilfred Baddeley (1896) Harold Mahony (1897) Reginald Doherty (1898) Reginald Doherty (1899) Reginald Doherty (1900) Reginald Doherty (1901) Arthur Gore (1902) Laurence Doherty (1903) Laurence Doherty (1904) Laurence Doherty (1905) Laurence Doherty (1906) Laurence Doherty (1907) Norman Brookes (1908) Arthur Gore (1909) Arthur Gore (1910) Anthony Wilding (1911) Anthony Wilding (1912) Anthony Wilding (1913) Anthony Wilding (1914) Norman Brookes (1915–18) No competition (due to World War I) (1919) Gerald Patterson (1920) Bill Tilden (1921) Bill Tilden (1922) Gerald Patterson (1923) Bill Johnston (1924) Jean Borotra (1925) René Lacoste (1926) Jean Borotra (1927) Henri Cochet (1928) René Lacoste (1929) Henri Cochet (1930) Bill Tilden (1931) Sidney Wood (1932) Ellsworth Vines (1933) Jack Crawford (1934) Fred Perry (1935) Fred Perry (1936) Fred Perry (1937) Don Budge (1938) Don Budge (1939) Bobby Riggs (1940–45) No competition (due to World War II) (1946) Yvon Petra (1947) Jack Kramer (1948) Bob Falkenburg (1949) Ted Schroeder (1950) Budge Patty (1951) Dick Savitt (1952) Frank Sedgman (1953) Vic Seixas (1954) Jaroslav Drobný (1955) Tony Trabert (1956) Lew Hoad (1957) Lew Hoad (1958) Ashley Cooper (1959) Alex Olmedo (1960) Neale Fraser (1961) Rod Laver (1962) Rod Laver (1963) Chuck McKinley (1964) Roy Emerson (1965) Roy Emerson (1966) Manuel Santana (1967) John Newcombe

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US Open men's singles champions

(1968) Arthur Ashe (1969) Rod Laver (1970) Ken Rosewall (1971) Stan Smith (1972) Ilie Năstase (1973) John Newcombe (1974) Jimmy Connors (1975) Manuel Orantes (1976) Jimmy Connors (1977) Guillermo Vilas (1978) Jimmy Connors (1979) John McEnroe (1980) John McEnroe (1981) John McEnroe (1982) Jimmy Connors (1983) Jimmy Connors (1984) John McEnroe (1985) Ivan Lendl (1986) Ivan Lendl (1987) Ivan Lendl (1988) Mats Wilander (1989) Boris Becker (1990) Pete Sampras (1991) Stefan Edberg (1992) Stefan Edberg (1993) Pete Sampras (1994) Andre Agassi (1995) Pete Sampras (1996) Pete Sampras (1997) Pat Rafter (1998) Pat Rafter (1999) Andre Agassi (2000) Marat Safin (2001) Lleyton Hewitt (2002) Pete Sampras (2003) Andy Roddick (2004) Roger Federer (2005) Roger Federer (2006) Roger Federer (2007) Roger Federer (2008) Roger Federer (2009) Juan Martín del Potro (2010) Rafael Nadal (2011) Novak Djokovic (2012) Andy Murray (2013) Rafael Nadal (2014) Marin Čilić (2015) Novak Djokovic (2016) Stan Wawrinka (2017) Rafael Nadal

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U.S. National Championships men's doubles champions

(1881) Clarence Clark / Frederick Winslow Taylor (1882) Richard Sears / James Dwight (1883) Richard Sears / James Dwight (1884) Richard Sears / James Dwight (1885) Richard Sears / Joseph Clark (1886) Richard Sears / James Dwight (1887) Richard Sears / James Dwight (1888) Oliver Campbell / Valentine Hall (1889) Henry Slocum / Howard Taylor (1890) Valentine Hall / Clarence Hobart (1891) Oliver Campbell / Bob Huntington (1892) Oliver Campbell / Bob Huntington (1893) Clarence Hobart / Frederick Hovey (1894) Clarence Hobart / Frederick Hovey (1895) Malcolm Greene Chace / Robert Wrenn (1896) Carr Neel / Sam Neel (1897) Leo Ware / George Sheldon (1898) Leo Ware / George Sheldon (1899) Holcombe Ward / Dwight F. Davis (1900) Holcombe Ward / Dwight F. Davis (1901) Holcombe Ward / Dwight F. Davis (1902) Reginald Doherty / Laurence Doherty (1903) Reginald Doherty / Laurence Doherty (1904) Holcombe Ward / Beals Wright (1905) Holcombe Ward / Beals Wright (1906) Holcombe Ward / Beals Wright (1907) Fred Alexander / Harold Hackett (1908) Fred Alexander / Harold Hackett (1909) Fred Alexander / Harold Hackett (1910) Fred Alexander / Harold Hackett (1911) Raymond Little / Gus Touchard (1912) Maurice E. McLoughlin / Tom Bundy (1913) Maurice E. McLoughlin / Tom Bundy (1914) Maurice E. McLoughlin / Tom Bundy (1915) Clarence Griffin / Bill Johnston (1916) Clarence Griffin / Bill Johnston (1917) Fred Alexander / Harold Throckmorton (1918) Vincent Richards / Bill Tilden (1919) Norman Brookes / Gerald Patterson (1920) Clarence Griffin / Bill Johnston (1921) Vincent Richards / Bill Tilden (1922) Vincent Richards / Bill Tilden (1923) Brian Norton / Bill Tilden (1924) Howard Kinsey / Robert Kinsey (1925) Vincent Richards / R. Norris Williams (1926) Vincent Richards / R. Norris Williams (1927) Francis Hunter / Bill Tilden (1928) George Lott / John F. Hennessey (1929) George Lott / Johnny Doeg (1930) George Lott / Johnny Doeg (1931) Wilmer Allison / John Van Ryn (1932) Ellsworth Vines / Keith Gledhill (1933) George Lott / Lester Stoefen (1934) George Lott / Lester Stoefen (1935) Wilmer Allison / John Van Ryn (1936) Don Budge / Gene Mako (1937) Gottfried von Cramm / Henner Henkel (1938) Don Budge / Gene Mako (1939) John Bromwich / Adrian Quist (1940) Jack Kramer / Ted Schroeder (1941) Jack Kramer / Ted Schroeder (1942) Gardnar Mulloy / Bill Talbert (1943) Jack Kramer / Frank Parker (1944) Bob Falkenburg / Don McNeill (1945) Gardnar Mulloy / Bill Talbert (1946) Gardnar Mulloy / Bill Talbert (1947) Jack Kramer / Ted Schroeder (1948) Gardnar Mulloy / Bill Talbert (1949) John Bromwich / Bill Sidwell (1950) John Bromwich / Frank Sedgman (1951) Ken McGregor / Frank Sedgman (1952) Mervyn Rose / Vic Seixas (1953) Rex Hartwig / Mervyn Rose (1954) Vic Seixas / Tony Trabert (1955) Kosei Kamo / Atsushi Miyagi (1956) Lew Hoad / Ken Rosewall (1957) Ashley Cooper / Neale Fraser (1958) Alex Olmedo / Ham Richardson (1959) Roy Emerson / Neale Fraser (1960) Roy Emerson / Neale Fraser (1961) Chuck McKinley / Dennis Ralston (1962) Rafael Osuna / Antonio Palafox (1963) Chuck McKinley / Dennis Ralston (1964) Chuck McKinley / Dennis Ralston (1965) Roy Emerson / Fred Stolle (1966) Roy Emerson / Fred Stolle (1967) John Newcombe / Tony Roche

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U.S. National Championships mixed doubles champions

(1892) Mabel Cahill / Clarence Hobart (1893) Ellen Roosevelt / Clarence Hobart (1894) Juliette Atkinson / Edwin P. Fischer (1895) Juliette Atkinson / Edwin P. Fischer (1896) Juliette Atkinson / Edwin P. Fischer (1897) Laura Henson / D.L. Magruder (1898) Carrie Neely / Edwin P. Fischer (1899) Elizabeth Rastall / Albert Hoskins (1900) Margaret Hunnewell / Alfred Codman (1901) Marion Jones / Raymond Little (1902) Elisabeth Moore / Wylie Grant (1903) Helen Chapman / Harry Allen (1904) Elisabeth Moore / Wylie Grant (1905) Augusta Schultz Hobart / Clarence Hobart (1906) Sarah Coffin / Edward Dewhurst (1907) May Sayers / Wallace Johnson (1908) Edith Rotch / Nathaniel Niles (1909) Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman / Wallace Johnson (1910) Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman / Joseph Carpenter, Jr. (1911) Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman / Wallace Johnson (1912) Mary Browne / R. Norris Williams (1913) Mary Browne / Bill Tilden (1914) Mary Browne / Bill Tilden (1915) Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman / Harry Johnson (1916) Eleonora Sears / Willis E. Davis (1917) Molla Bjurstedt Mallory / Irving Wright (1918) Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman / Irving Wright (1919) Marion Jessup / Vincent Richards (1920) Hazel Hotchkiss Wightman / Wallace Johnson (1921) Mary Browne / Bill Johnston (1922) Molla Bjurstedt Mallory / Bill Tilden (1923) Molla Bjurstedt Mallory / Bill Tilden (1924) Helen Wills / Vincent Richards (1925) Kathleen McKane Godfree / John Hawkes (1926) Elizabeth Ryan / Jean Borotra (1927) Eileen Bennett Whittingstall / Henri Cochet (1928) Helen Wills / John Hawkes (1929) Betty Nuthall Shoemaker / George Lott (1930) Edith Cross / Wilmer Allison (1931) Betty Nuthall Shoemaker / George Lott (1932) Sarah Palfrey Cooke / Fred Perry (1933) Elizabeth Ryan / Ellsworth Vines (1934) Helen Jacobs / George Lott (1935) Sarah Palfrey Cooke / Enrique Maier (1936) Alice Marble / Gene Mako (1937) Sarah Palfrey Cooke / Don Budge (1938) Alice Marble / Don Budge (1939) Alice Marble / Harry Hopman (1940) Alice Marble / Bobby Riggs (1941) Sarah Palfrey Cooke / Jack Kramer (1942) Louise Brough Clapp / Ted Schroeder (1943) Margaret Osborne duPont / Bill Talbert (1944) Margaret Osborne duPont / Bill Talbert (1945) Margaret Osborne duPont / Bill Talbert (1946) Margaret Osborne duPont / Bill Talbert (1947) Louise Brough Clapp / John Bromwich (1948) Louise Brough Clapp / Tom Brown (1949) Louise Brough Clapp / Eric Sturgess (1950) Margaret Osborne duPont / Ken McGregor (1951) Doris Hart / Frank Sedgman (1952) Doris Hart / Frank Sedgman (1953) Doris Hart / Vic Seixas (1954) Doris Hart / Vic Seixas (1955) Doris Hart / Vic Seixas (1956) Margaret Osborne duPont / Ken Rosewall (1957) Althea Gibson / Kurt Nielsen (1958) Margaret Osborne duPont / Neale Fraser (1959) Margaret Osborne duPont / Neale Fraser (1960) Margaret Osborne duPont / Neale Fraser (1961) Margaret Smith / Bob Mark (1962) Margaret Smith / Fred Stolle (1963) Margaret Smith / Ken Fletcher (1964) Margaret Smith / John Newcombe (1965) Margaret Smith / Fred Stolle (1966) Donna Floyd Fales / Owen Davidson (1967) Billie Jean Ki

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