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The Info List - Ted Schroeder



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FREDERICK RUDOLPH "TED" SCHROEDER (July 20, 1921 – May 26, 2006) was an American tennis player who won the two most prestigious amateur tennis titles, Wimbledon and the U.S. National . He was the No. 1-ranked American player in 1942; the No. 2 for 4 consecutive years, 1946 through 1949, and the latter year saw Schroeder ranked World No. 1 by Pierre Gillou (president of the Fédération Française de Tennis ). He was born in Newark, New Jersey
Newark, New Jersey
, but developed as a tennis player in Southern California
California
under the guidance of Perry T. Jones .

CONTENTS

* 1 Early career * 2 \'Lucky Ted\' * 3 Professional hope * 4 Post-war * 5 Abilities

* 6 Grand Slam finals

* 6.1 Singles (2 titles, 1 runner-up) * 6.2 Men\'s doubles (3 titles, 3 runner-ups) * 6.3 Mixed doubles (1 title)

* 7 Notes * 8 Sources * 9 External links

EARLY CAREER

Schroeder was an almost exact contemporary of Jack Kramer , having been born only 10 days earlier in 1921, and they began to play against each other as top boy players in the mid-1930s. Schroeder's career is similar to Kramer's in that they both became top players whose careers were then interrupted by World War II. They were also lifelong friends and at least once Schroeder mortgaged his house on short notice in order to be able to lend an unsolicited $25,000 to Kramer. Schroeder, however, attended college for 4 years, the first two at the University of Southern California
California
(USC), and the last two at Stanford University , while Kramer, apparently, spent only two years at Rollins College in Winter Park, Florida
Winter Park, Florida
. After the war Kramer proved himself to be slightly better than Schroeder in the amateur ranks. Kramer then turned professional, where he immediately established himself as the best player in the world by demolishing the pro champion, Bobby Riggs , by 69 victories to 20 losses in the 1948 tour.

\'LUCKY TED\'

Riggs then semi-retired and became the promoter of the tour. He and Kramer decided that the only player who could oppose Kramer for a financially successful tour would be Schroeder. The youthful Pancho Gonzales was the reigning American amateur champion, due to his upset win at the U.S. Open Championships in 1948, but during his brief career had been beaten by Schroeder 8 matches out of 9. Schroeder, playing during vacation time from his job, won Wimbledon in June 1949. According to his obituary in the New York Times , he . . .

“ also captivated London as an outgoing, straightforward Yank smoking a corn-cob pipe and earned the nickname 'Lucky Ted' there for his five-set escapes. ”

PROFESSIONAL HOPE

Following his Wimbledon victory, Riggs and Kramer offered Schroeder $25,000 to turn pro after he won the up-coming 1949 U.S. Championships and Schroeder accepted. But Gonzales upset their plans by beating the heavily favored Schroeder in a five-set final — it has been called the 11th greatest match of all time. Gonzales lost the 1-hour and 15-minute first set 16–18 but finally managed to prevail in the fifth set. Kramer writes that in spite of his friendship with Schroeder, he has always felt that Schroeder subconsciously "tanked" the match, in order to avoid the rigors of the professional tour. In any event, Gonzales was now the two-time American champion and Kramer and Riggs were obliged to sign him, instead of Schroeder, to a professional contract.

POST-WAR

According to his obituary in The Times, however, Schroeder was never much more than a part-time player after the War, being preoccupied with his family and his career as vice president of a commercial refrigeration equipment company, and had never really intended to turn professional. "Schroeder always said he took his tennis far too emotionally to allow him to treat it as a full-time job." Schroeder remained a successful amateur player for a few more years and then faded from view. He died in La Jolla, California
La Jolla, California
at the age of 84. His son, John , is a professional golfer who has won on the PGA Tour .

ABILITIES

In his 1979 autobiography, the long-time tennis promoter and great player Jack Kramer included Schroeder in his list of the 21 greatest players of all time. Schroeder, says Kramer, "won with heart and stamina, but lacked in the simple mechanics."

Kramer writes,

"As a player, Schroed had weaknesses with his groundstrokes. Long before the rest of us, he was rushing the net because he couldn't rely on his backhand or forehand.... he had the ideal attacking grass game: a terrific overhead and volley (especially the backhand) and that most valuable of all tools, a strong second serve. Also, Schroed was tough physically, at a time of long best-of-five deuce sets, and he was a great fighter."

Schroeder was inducted into the International Tennis Hall of Fame
International Tennis Hall of Fame
in Newport, Rhode Island
Newport, Rhode Island
, in 1966, two years before his old friend Jack Kramer.

GRAND SLAM FINALS

SINGLES (2 TITLES, 1 RUNNER-UP)

OUTCOME YEAR CHAMPIONSHIP SURFACE OPPONENT SCORE

Winner 1942 U.S. Championships Grass Frank Parker 8–6, 7–5, 3–6, 4–6, 6–2

Winner 1949 Wimbledon Grass Jaroslav Drobný
Jaroslav Drobný
3–6, 6–0, 6–3, 4–6, 6–4

Runner-up 1949 U.S. Championships Grass Pancho Gonzales 18–16, 6–2, 1–6, 2–6, 4–6

MEN\'S DOUBLES (3 TITLES, 3 RUNNER-UPS)

OUTCOME YEAR CHAMPIONSHIP SURFACE PARTNER OPPONENTS SCORE

Winner 1940 U.S. Championships Grass Jack Kramer Gardnar Mulloy Henry Prussoff 6–4, 8–6, 9–7

Winner 1941 U.S. Championships Grass Jack Kramer Wayne Sabin Gardnar Mulloy 9–7, 6–4, 6–2

Runner-up 1942 U.S. Championships Grass Sidney Wood
Sidney Wood
Gardnar Mulloy Bill Talbert 5–7, 7–9, 1–6

Winner 1947 U.S. Championships Grass Jack Kramer Bill Talbert Bill Sidwell 6–4, 7–5, 6–3

Runner-up 1948 U.S. Championships Grass Frank Parker Gardnar Mulloy Bill Talbert 6–1, 7–9, 3–6, 6–3, 7–9

Runner-up 1949 Wimbledon Grass Gardnar Mulloy Pancho Gonzales Frank Parker 4–6, 4–6, 2–6

MIXED DOUBLES (1 TITLE)

OUTCOME YEAR CHAMPIONSHIP SURFACE PARTNER OPPONENTS SCORE

Winner 1942 U.S. Championships Grass Louise Brough
Louise Brough
Patricia Canning Todd Alejo Russell
Alejo Russell
3–6, 6–1, 6–4

NOTES

* ^ A B "World Net List Led By Schroeder", The Hartford Courant, October 20, 1949. * ^ Tennis
Tennis
Magazine, on page 330 of The Tennis
Tennis
Book, Edited by Michael Bartlett and Bob Gillen * ^ Austin Bealmear (September 6, 1949). "Pro Tennis
Tennis
Beckoning to Gonzales After Gallant Win Over Schroeder". The Evening Independent. AP. p. 13. * ^ Writing in 1979, Kramer considered the best ever to have been either Don Budge
Don Budge
(for consistent play) or Ellsworth Vines
Ellsworth Vines
(at the height of his game). The next four best were, chronologically, Bill Tilden , Fred Perry , Bobby Riggs , and Pancho Gonzales . After these six came the "second echelon" of Rod Laver , Lew Hoad , Ken Rosewall , Gottfried von Cramm
Gottfried von Cramm
, Ted Schroeder, Jack Crawford , Pancho Segura , Frank Sedgman
Frank Sedgman
, Tony Trabert
Tony Trabert
, John Newcombe , Arthur Ashe
Arthur Ashe
, Stan Smith , Björn Borg
Björn Borg
, and Jimmy Connors . He felt unable to rank Henri Cochet and René Lacoste accurately but felt they were among the very best.

SOURCES

* The Game, My 40 Years in Tennis
Tennis
(1979), Jack Kramer with Frank Deford (ISBN 0-399-12336-9 ) * Man with a Racket, The Autobiography of Pancho Gonzales, as Told to Cy Rice (1959)

EXTERNAL LINKS

* Ted Schroeder
Ted Schroeder
at the International Tennis Hall of Fame
International Tennis Hall of Fame
* New York