A TD (plural TDanna in Irish or TDs in English; full Irish form
Teachta Dála /ˌtjɒxtə ˈdɔːlə/, Irish: [ˈtʲaxt̪ˠə
ˈd̪ˠɑːlˠə], plural Teachtaí Dála) is a member of Dáil
Éireann, the lower house of the
Oireachtas (the Irish Parliament). It
is the equivalent of terms such as "Member of Parliament" (MP) or
"Member of Congress" used in other countries. The official translation
of the term is "Deputy to the Dáil", although a more literal
translation is "Assembly Delegate".
4 Salaries and expenses
5 See also
For electoral purposes, the country is divided into areas known as
constituencies, each of which elects three, four, or five TDs. Under
the Constitution, every 20,000 to 30,000 people must be represented by
at least one TD. A candidate to become a TD must be an Irish
citizen and over 21 years of age. Members of the judiciary, the
Garda Síochána, and the Defence Forces are disqualified from
membership of the Dáil.
31st Dáil (2011–16), the number of TDs had increased to
166. The 2016 general election elected 158 TDs, a reduction of 8,
pursuant to the passage of the Electoral (Amendment) (Dáil
Constituencies) Act 2013.
The term was first used to describe those Irish parliamentarians
who were elected at the 1918 general election, and who, rather than
attending the British House of Commons in London, to which they had
been elected, assembled instead in the
Mansion House, Dublin
Mansion House, Dublin on 21
January 1919 to create a new Irish parliament: the First Dáil
Éireann. Initially the term "Feisire Dáil Eireann" (F.D.E.) was
mooted, but "Teachta" was used from the first meeting. The term
continued to be used after this
First Dáil and was used to refer to
later members of the Irish Republic's single-chamber Dáil Éireann
(or "Assembly of Ireland") (1919–22), members of the Free State
Dáil (1922–37), and of the modern Dáil Éireann.
The initials "TD" are placed after the surname of the elected TD. For
example, the current
Taoiseach (head of government) is "Leo Varadkar,
TD". The style used to refer to individual TDs during debates in Dáil
Éireann is the member's surname preceded by Deputy (Irish: an
Teachta): for example, "Deputy Martin", "an Teachta Ní(Bhean Úi)
Mháirtín" or "an Teachta Ó Máirtín"
Salaries and expenses
The basic salary of a backbench TD was reduced by €5,414 to
€87,258 in 2013, in line with the Haddington Road Agreement on
public sector pay and reform. Cabinet ministers and junior ministers
have higher salaries. Office-holders (opposition party leaders, whips,
the Ceann Comhairle, and Leas-Cheann Comhairle) receive additional
After controversy regarding alleged abuses of the
provisions, the system was simplified in 2009 and 2010 into two
Travel and Accommodation Allowance – ranging from €9,000 for TDs
less than 25 km from
Leinster House to €34,065 for those more
than 360 km away.
Public Representation Allowance – for maintaining a constituency
office; €20,350 for backbench TDs, less for ministers. All
expenses must be vouched, except for a "petty cash" allowance of
€100 per month. Until December 2012 TDs could choose between a
€25,000 vouched allowance or €15,000 unvouched.
Members of the 1st Dáil
Records of members of the Oireachtas
^ See e.g."Take Charge of Change" (PDF) (in English and Irish).
Dublin: Office of the President. 2012. pp. 3, 7. Archived from
the original (PDF) on 28 March 2013. Retrieved 14 August 2013. Empower
local Government so that our national representatives TDs don't engage
in parochial politics./Cumhacht a thabhairt don Rialtas áitiúil
ionas nach mbeidh ár gcuid ionadaithe náisiúnta, na TDanna, i mbun
na polaitíochta paróistí.
^ "Teachta Dála: definition of
Teachta Dála in Oxford dictionary
(British & World English). Meaning, pronunciation and origin of
the word". Oxford Language Dictionaries. Oxford University Press.
2013. Retrieved 1 December 2013.
^ Pronunciation for the plural suffix of Teachtaí is /-ti/
^ a b "Deputy to
Dáil Éireann – Teachta Dála". Houses of the
Oireachtas. Retrieved 3 September 2007.
^ a b "Electoral Act, 1992 – Part IX". Irish Statute Book. Retrieved
2 April 2013.
^ "Electoral (Amendment) (Dáil Constituencies) Act 2013, Section 2".
Office of the Attorney General of Ireland. 20 March 2013. Retrieved 11
^ 73 out of 105 seats won in Ireland at the 1918 general election were
Sinn Féin members. Unionist and
Irish Parliamentary Party
Irish Parliamentary Party members
refused to recognise the Dáil, and so did not attend.
Phillips, Walter Alison (1922). "Ireland". Encyclopædia Britannica.
31 (12th ed.). p. 573. Retrieved 21 October 2016. The victorious
group assumed the title of the Irish Republican party, and styled
themselves not M.P., but F.D.E. (Feisire Dail Eireann, i.e. members of
the Assembly of Ireland). ;
Cork Examiner, 21 January 1919, "The M.P.s, or F.D.Es (Feisire Dáil
Eireann) as they will be known in future, [etc.]" (cited in Ferris,
Lisa (September 2008). Irish Views on Old Austria and Austrian Views
on the Irish Question, 1848–1918 (PDF) (Thesis). University of
Vienna. p. 609. Retrieved 21 October 2016. )
First Dáil proceedings (in Irish). Oireachtas. 21
January 1919. c.9. Retrieved 21 October 2016. Tháinig na Teachtaí I
gceann a chéile I nÁrus Árd-Mhéire Bhaile Átha Cliath ar a 3.30
^ OR Houses of the Oireahctas (official site)
^ "Allowances for additional responsibilities payable to Members of
Dáil Éireann". Houses of the Oireachtas. Retrieved 6 June
^ "Revised system of expense allowances for Members of the Houses of
Oireachtas – Department of Finance – Government of Ireland".
Department of Finance. 10 February 2010. Retrieved 6 June 2013.
^ Murphy, Cormac (21 January 2009). "Lavish expenses for Oireachtas
face overhaul". Evening Herald. Retrieved 6 June 2013.
Oireachtas (Allowances to Members) and Ministerial and
Parliamentary Offices Act 2009". Irish Statute Book. 21 July 2009.
Retrieved 6 June 2013.
^ a b c "Parliamentary Standard Allowance (PSA) – Travel and
Accommodation and Public Representation Allowances". Oirachtas.
Retrieved 6 June 2013.
^ Kelly, Fiach (6 December 2012). "Finally, TDs must provide receipts
but no full reform". Irish Independent. Retrieved