Taunton, Massachusetts
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Taunton is a city in
Bristol County Bristol () is a City status in the United Kingdom, city and Ceremonial counties of England, ceremonial county in England. With a population of 463,400, it is the most populous city in South West England. The wider Bristol Built-up Area, Bristo ...
,
Massachusetts Massachusetts (, ), officially the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, is the most populous state State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literature * ''State Magazine'', a monthly magazine published by the U.S. Department of State * ...

Massachusetts
, United States. It is the
seat SEAT S.A. (, ; ''Sociedad Española de Automóviles de Turismo'') is a Spanish car manufacturer, which sells its vehicles under the SEAT and Cupra brands. It was founded on 9 May 1950, by the Instituto Nacional de Industria Instituto Nacional d ...
of Bristol County. Taunton is situated on the
Taunton River The Taunton River (historically also called the "Taunton Great River"), is a river in southeastern Massachusetts in the United States. It arises from the confluence of the Town River and Matfield River, in the town of Bridgewater, Massachusett ...
which winds its way through the city on its way to
Mount Hope Bay Mount Hope Bay is a tidal estuary located at the mouth of the Taunton River on the Massachusetts and Rhode Island border. It is an arm of Narragansett Bay. The bay is named after Mount Hope (Rhode Island), Mount Hope, a small hill located on its ...
, to the south. At the 2020 census, the city had a population of 59,408.
Shaunna O'Connell
Shaunna O'Connell
is the mayor of Taunton. Founded in 1637 by members of the
Plymouth Colony Plymouth Colony (sometimes Plimouth) was an British America, English colonial venture in America from 1620 to 1691 at a location that had previously been surveyed and named by Captain John Smith (explorer), John Smith. The settlement served as t ...
, Taunton is one of the oldest towns in the United States. The Native Americans called the region ''Cohannet'', ''Tetiquet'' and ''Titicut'' before the arrival of the Europeans. Taunton is also known as the "Silver City", as it was a historic center of the
silver Silver is a chemical element In chemistry, an element is a pure Chemical substance, substance consisting only of atoms that all have the same numbers of protons in their atomic nucleus, nuclei. Unlike chemical compounds, chemical ele ...

silver
industry beginning in the 19th century when companies such as Reed & Barton, F. B. Rogers, Poole Silver, and others produced fine-quality silver goods in the city. Since December 1914, the city of Taunton has provided a large annual light display each December on
Taunton Green The Taunton Green Historic District encompasses the core area of the historic 19th-century commercial downtown business district of Taunton, Massachusetts. It is centered on the town green, laid out in the 1740s, and now stands at the intersection ...
, giving it the additional nickname of "Christmas City". The original boundaries of Taunton included the land now occupied by many surrounding towns, including Norton, Easton,
Mansfield Mansfield is a large market town and the administrative centre of Mansfield District Mansfield is a Non-metropolitan district, local government district in Nottinghamshire, England. History The district was formed on 1 April 1974, under the ...
, Dighton, Raynham, Berkley, and Lakeville. Possession of the latter is still noted by the naming of Taunton Hill in Assonet.


History


Beginnings

Taunton was founded by settlers from England and officially
incorporated Incorporated may refer to: * Incorporated community * Incorporated (Grip Inc. album), ''Incorporated'' (Grip Inc. album), 2004, by Grip Inc. * Incorporated (Legion of Doom album), ''Incorporated'' (Legion of Doom album), 2006 * Incorporated (TV seri ...
as a
town A town is a human settlement. Towns are generally larger than villages and smaller than city, cities, though the criteria to distinguish between them vary considerably in different parts of the world. Origin and use The word "town" shares a ...
on September 3, 1639. Most of the town's settlers were originally from
Taunton Taunton () is the county town of Somerset, England, with a 2011 population of 69,570. Its thousand-year history includes a 10th-century monastic foundation, Taunton Castle, which later became a priory. The Normans built a castle owned by the Bi ...
in
Somerset ( en, All The People of Somerset) , locator_map = , coordinates = , region = South West England South West England is one of nine official regions of England The regions, formerly known as the government office regions, are the ...

Somerset
,
England England is a Countries of the United Kingdom, country that is part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Wales to its west and Scotland to its north. The Irish Sea lies northwest of England and the Celtic Sea to the southwest. E ...

England
, which led early settlers to name the settlement after that town. At the time of Taunton's incorporation, they explained their choice of name as being "in honor and love to our dear native country." Prior to 1640, the Taunton area was called Cohannet, Tetiquet or Titiquet. The
English English usually refers to: * English language English is a West Germanic languages, West Germanic language first spoken in History of Anglo-Saxon England, early medieval England, which has eventually become the World language, leading lan ...
founders of Taunton purchased the land from the Nemasket Indians in 1637 as part of the Tetiquet Purchase and the remaining native families were relocated to the praying town of Ponkapoag in present-day
Canton, Massachusetts Canton is a town in Norfolk CountyNorfolk County may refer to: *Norfolk County, Massachusetts, United States *Norfolk County, Ontario, Canada *Norfolk County, Virginia, (defunct) *Norfolk, a county in England *Norfolk, Virginia, an independent c ...
. Elizabeth Poole contrary to local folklore, did not take part in the town purchase but was among its greatest beneficiaries and played a significant role in the founding of its church. Described as "the foundress of Taunton" and its matriarch, Poole "was accorded equality of rights, whether in the purchase of lands, in the sharing of iron works holdings," having been a financier of the settlement's first dam and mill built for the manufacture of
bar iron Wrought iron is an iron Iron () is a chemical element with Symbol (chemistry), symbol Fe (from la, Wikt:ferrum, ferrum) and atomic number 26. It is a metal that belongs to the first transition series and group 8 element, group 8 of the perio ...
. Plymouth Colony was formally divided into counties on June 2, 1685, with Taunton becoming the shire town of Bristol County. The counties of Plymouth Colony were transferred to the
Province of Massachusetts Bay The Province of Massachusetts Bay was a colony in British America British America comprised the colonial territories of the British Empire The British Empire was composed of the dominions, Crown colony, colonies, protectorates, L ...
on the arrival of its charter and governor on May 14, 1692. The Taunton area has been the site of skirmishes and battles during various conflicts, including
King Philip's War King Philip's War (sometimes called the First Indian War, Metacom's War, Metacomet's War, Pometacomet's Rebellion, or Metacom's Rebellion) was an armed conflict in 1675–1678 between indigenous inhabitants of New England and New England coloni ...
and the
American Revolution The American Revolution was an ideological and political revolution which occurred in colonial North America between 1765 and 1783. The Americans in the Thirteen Colonies The Thirteen Colonies, also known as the Thirteen British Colo ...
. Taunton was re-incorporated as a city on May 11, 1864.


Industrial legacy

In 1656, the first successful iron works in
Plymouth Colony Plymouth Colony (sometimes Plimouth) was an British America, English colonial venture in America from 1620 to 1691 at a location that had previously been surveyed and named by Captain John Smith (explorer), John Smith. The settlement served as t ...
was established on the Two Mile River, in what is now part of Raynham. The Taunton Iron Works operated for over 200 years until 1876. It was the first of many iron industries in Taunton. During the 19th century, Taunton became known as the "Silver City", as it was home to many
silversmithing A silversmith is a metalworking, metalworker who crafts objects from silver. The terms ''silversmith'' and ''goldsmith'' are not exactly synonyms as the techniques, training, history, and guilds are or were largely the same but the end product m ...
operations, including Reed & Barton, F.B. Rogers, the Poole Silver Company, and the Taunton Silverplate Company. In the 19th century, Taunton was also the center of an important iron-making industry, utilizing much bog iron from the numerous swamps in the surrounding area. The iron industry in Taunton produced a variety of goods including stoves (Weir Stove Company/Glenwood), tacks (Field Tack Company) and machinery. One of the more successful companies during this period was the Mason Machine Works, founded by William Mason (locomotive builder), William Mason, which produced machinery for the textile industry, as well as steam locomotives. The Taunton Locomotive Works (begun in 1846) also operated in the city during this time. Taunton was also home to several textile mills (Whittenton Mills) and other industries, such as felt (Bacon Felt) and brick making. During the 19th century, Taunton was a major shipping point for grain from the inland rural farm areas of Massachusetts to the rest of the nation via Weir Village and the
Taunton River The Taunton River (historically also called the "Taunton Great River"), is a river in southeastern Massachusetts in the United States. It arises from the confluence of the Town River and Matfield River, in the town of Bridgewater, Massachusett ...
. With the advent of the railroad, Taunton would also become an important transportation hub due to its central location. The city formed the Taunton Municipal Light Plant (TMLP) in 1897, when it decided to purchase the floundering Taunton Electric Lighting Company, making it a publicly owned electric utility. Today, TMLP provides electric service to 34,000 customers in Taunton, Berkley, Raynham, and sections of Dighton, Lakeville and Bridgewater. TMLP is governed by a three-member Board of Commissioners, which is elected by the citizens of Taunton. In the late 19th century, Taunton was a stop on the national bicycle racing circuit. In 1897, the open event made news when third-place finisher W.E. Becker brutally attacked second-place winner Major Taylor, knocking him unconscious for fifteen minutes.


Twentieth century

Built in 1942, U.S. Army Camp Myles Standish was a departure point for over a million U.S. and allied military personnel bound for Europe during World War II. It also functioned as a prisoner of war camp housing German and Italian soldiers. While Camp Myles Standish was later closed in 1946, it was re-purposed as the Paul A Dever School which was a facility that housed mentally disabled persons. The school site of was shut down in 1982. This portion was turned into an expansion scheme for the existing the Myles Standish Industrial Park, Taunton's north end, which is currently one of the largest in New England, covering an area over . It services manufacturing, offices, high tech, and distribution centers. The National Weather Service operates a regional weather forecast office that serves much of Massachusetts, all of Rhode Island, and most of northern Connecticut there. The National Weather Service also operates the Northeast River Forecast Center on the site, serving New England and most of New York State, New York state. Several major companies operate within the industrial park and in other parts of the city.


Twenty-first century

In October 2005, the Whittenton Pond Dam north of the downtown area threatened to fail following a week that brought of rain to the city. Over 2,000 city residents were evacuated, all downtown businesses were ordered closed and Mayor Robert Nunes issued a state of emergency. It is estimated that if the dam had failed, the Mill River (Taunton River), Mill River would have inundated the downtown area with up to of water. In response, Massachusetts Governor Mitt Romney ordered an immediate inspection of high-risk dams throughout the Commonwealth. In 2010, the historic Taunton City Hall was severely damaged in an arson fire. City government operated out of the former Lowell M. Maxham School on Oak Street for ten years, until the building was renovated and re-opened in September 2020. In 2012 Taunton became the target location for a Wampanoag people, Wampanoag Native American gaming, casino complex which was embroiled in conflict by competing regional bands of the Wampanoag over territory claims. The proposed casino resort complex location is adjacent to a local elementary school and the regional technical high school, generating protests by parent and teacher groups. On June 10, 2012, the City of Taunton dedicated the Taunton Global War on Terrorism War Memorial on Church Green (Taunton, Massachusetts), Church Green. Taunton is home to a General Dynamics Mission Systems facility, which develops military communications equipment.


Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of , of which is land and , or 3.53%, is water. It is the third-largest city by area in Massachusetts, after Boston and Barnstable, Massachusetts, Barnstable. Taunton has one major river, the
Taunton River The Taunton River (historically also called the "Taunton Great River"), is a river in southeastern Massachusetts in the United States. It arises from the confluence of the Town River and Matfield River, in the town of Bridgewater, Massachusett ...
, along with its tributaries, including the Mill River (Taunton River), Mill River and the Three Mile River (Massachusetts), Three Mile River. The highest point in the city is near its southwest corner, with an elevation of above sea level. Prospect Hill, rising over Lake Sabbatia north of the downtown, has an elevation of .


Historic districts

There are nine designated historic districts within the city: * Bay Road (Bristol County, Massachusetts), Bay Road Historic District, also known as ''Post Road.'' The road runs from Taunton to Boston. (), 1 structure, 2 objects) *
Bristol County Bristol () is a City status in the United Kingdom, city and Ceremonial counties of England, ceremonial county in England. With a population of 463,400, it is the most populous city in South West England. The wider Bristol Built-up Area, Bristo ...
Courthouse Complex (13 acres, 3 buildings) * Church Green (Taunton, Massachusetts), Church Green Historic District, also known as Meetinghouse Common (160 acres, 18 buildings, 1 object) * Hopewell Mills District (120 acres, 13 buildings) * Old Bay Road Historic District, also known as ''The Post Road''; The King's Highway (150 acres, 1 structure, 3 objects) * Reed and Barton Complex * Taunton Green Historic District (50 acres, 22 buildings, 3 objects) * Taunton State Hospital Historic District, also known as the ''Taunton Lunatic Asylum'' (), 38 buildings, 8 structures) Due to the annexation of towns from the original town of Taunton, the city now is irregularly shaped, with it (along with neighboring Raynham) roughly making a triangle. The city is bordered by Norton to the northwest, Easton to the north, Raynham to the northeast, Middleborough, Massachusetts, Middleborough to the east, Lakeville to the southeast, Berkley and Dighton to the south, and Rehoboth, Massachusetts, Rehoboth to the west. City neighborhoods include the Bird Lanes, Clearview Estates, East Taunton, Elliot's Corner, Herring Run Estates, Linden Estates, Matthews Landing, North Taunton, Massachusetts, North Taunton, Oakland, Massachusetts, Oakland, Pine Crest Estates, Pine Hill Estates, Wades Corner, Weir Village, Massachusetts, Weir Village, Westville, Whittenton, Whittenton Junction, Britannia Village or Britanniaville, Willis Lake Village and Woodward Estates. Taunton is also home to almost the entirety of Massasoit State Park in East Taunton, and a large portion of the Hockomock Swamp Wildlife Management Area in North Taunton.


Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 55,874 people, 22,045 households, and 14,473 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,200.1 people per square mile (463.7/km2). There were 22,908 housing units at an average density of 491.5 per square mile (189.8/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 83.67% (79.7% Non-Hispanic) White (U.S. Census), White, 4.84% African American (U.S. Census), African American, 0.26% Native American (U.S. Census), Native American, 1.0% Asian (U.S. Census), Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander (U.S. Census), Pacific Islander, 5.59% from Race (United States Census), other races, and 2.21% from two or more races. Persons of Hispanic (U.S. Census), Hispanic or Latino (U.S. Census), Latino ethnicity constituted 6.73% of the population. The city of Taunton was very multi-cultural with peoples of different origins living within the city. 34% of the city was Luso-American. The biggest ethnic backgrounds people claimed were 23% Portuguese people, Portuguese, 17% Irish people, Irish, 9% English People, English, 9% French people, French, 8% Cape Verdean and 4% Puerto Rican-American, Puerto Rican. Most of Taunton's immigration occurred near the turn of the 1900s when immigrants came to work in the city's mills. There were 22,045 households, out of which 32.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.0% were Marriage, married couples living together, 15.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.3% were non-families. 28.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 3.09. In the city, the population was spread out, with 24.9% under the age of 18, 8.0% from 18 to 24, 33.2% from 25 to 44, 21.0% from 45 to 64, and 12.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.2 males. Males had a median income of $36,895 versus $27,686 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,899. About 10.0% of families and 12.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.9% of those under age 18 and 11.3% of those age 65 or over.


Religion

Numerous religious groups exist within the city, including Roman Catholic, Protestant, and Jewish congregations. The First Parish Church, now a Unitarian Universalist church, located at Church Green at the east end of downtown, was founded in 1637, before the Town of Taunton was even established. The current church dates from 1830. The Pilgrim Congregational Church on Broadway was formed in 1821, its current church built in 1851. The city's oldest Roman Catholic parish, St. Mary's Church, is located further north at the intersection of Broadway and Washington Street, known as Saint Mary's Square. In the 1880s Jewish immigrants from Russia began to move to the town, and Congregation Agudath Achim was founded in 1911. The congregation is now an independent progressive synagogue.


Economy

Taunton's economy has historically been based on silversmithing and shipbuilding. Reed & Barton produced the 1996 Summer Olympics medals and silverware used exclusively for the White House. Also, the city produced the anchor for the USS Constitution, USS ''Constitution''. The nearby town of Raynham produced the anchor for the Civil War-era ironclad USS Monitor, USS ''Monitor''. Today, the city's economy has many emphases on semiconductor, silicon, and electronics manufacturing. It is home to the corporate headquarters of many leading corporations in various industries. Currently, the city is trying to attract biotechnology research companies to its industrial parks. Silver City Galleria was a large shopping mall in Taunton catering to the local city and to the neighboring towns and cities of Raynham, Berkley, Rehoboth, Dighton, New Bedford and Norton. It was open for 28 years closing on February 29, 2020.


Arts and culture


Public spaces

The Taunton Green Historic District, Taunton Green is the city's central square. Early in its history, "The Green" was used as a training ground for militias in the
American Revolution The American Revolution was an ideological and political revolution which occurred in colonial North America between 1765 and 1783. The Americans in the Thirteen Colonies The Thirteen Colonies, also known as the Thirteen British Colo ...
. Some say it was also the site of the historic "Liberty & Union"/"Taunton" flag raising in 1774 by the Sons of Liberty, prior to the American Revolution. Since the early 20th century, Taunton Green has temporarily been transformed during the winter holiday season into a grand display of holiday lights, scenes, and extravagant events. This is where and how the city earned its unofficial nickname in the surrounding areas as the "Christmas City." "The Green" continues to provide a centralized location for citywide Christmas activities, other holidays, events, and parades for the citizens of Taunton. A fountain is located at the center of the Taunton Green. Always to be seen flapping together in emblematic unison, the "Liberty & Union" flag and the U.S. flag fly side by side on the flagpole at the city's center. The city is served by a central public library, the Taunton Public Library, which opened in 1903 and has undergone several expansions and renovations since that time. Also of note is the Old Colony Historical Society, which archives the city and region's past. The city is home to two state parks operated by the Department of Conservation and Recreation (Massachusetts), Massachusetts Department of Conservation and Recreation: Massasoit State Park in East Taunton, Massachusetts, East Taunton and Watson Pond State Park in the north part of the city.


Architecture

The city of Taunton has a wide array of architecture ranging from the colonial period to modern times. There are numerous pre-Revolutionary War private homes within the city, the oldest of which is the Joseph Willis House on Worcester Street, dating to about 1688. The city has over one hundred buildings listed on the National Register of Historic Places listings in Bristol County, Massachusetts, National Register of Historic Places. Perhaps the most impressive structure in the city is the towering Bristol County Superior Courthouse, built in 1894 and designed by Frank Irving Cooper. With its tall copper dome, the Superior Courthouse is visible from many surrounding areas. It was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1978. Currently, the Courthouse Complex is undergoing a major expansion and renovation program. Other significant buildings in the city include some fine stone churches, including the First Parish Church (1830), the Pilgrim Congregational Church (1851) and St. Mary's Complex, St. Mary's Church (1868) on Broadway. Downtown Taunton has a number of historic commercial blocks along Main Street, Taunton Green and Broadway, built during the period from about 1840 to 1920. Many large homes built by the wealthy industrialists and merchants of the late 19th and early 20th century line U.S. Route 44, Route 44, both east (Dean Street) and west (Winthrop Street) of the city center, while a majority of the city is occupied by more modest wood-framed single and multi-family homes, many over 100 years old. Modern single-family Subdivision (land), subdivisions, built mostly since the 1950s, exist on the outskirts of the sprawling city. The Central Fire Station (Taunton, Massachusetts), Central Fire Station at 50 School Street is recognized as the oldest functioning station house in the United States. The historic Taunton City Hall is located adjacent to Church Green (Taunton, Massachusetts), Church Green.


Museums and galleries

One of New England's oldest historical societies, the Old Colony Historical Society is located on picturesque Church Green. Founded in 1853, the Society maintains a museum of regional objects, houses a research library specializing in local history and genealogy, and hosts arts and cultural events throughout the year. Taunton has four art galleries: Taunton Art Association (John Baradas Gallery), Hughes/Donahue Gallery, Art Euphoric, and the Trescott Street Gallery. The Taunton Art Association was founded in 1973 but had it roots in the Girl's Club in the early 1960s. Hughes/Donahue Gallery, founded in 2007, is a local community gallery serving local Taunton artists, as well as the surrounding areas of Southeastern Massachusetts and the cities of Providence, Rhode Island, and Washington, DC. Art Euphoric, founded in 2008, has both visual and craft exhibits and sales. The Trescott Street Gallery, founded in 2012, is primarily a visual-arts gallery but also exhibits crafts.


Film

In March 2008, Hollywood director Martin Scorsese filmed a portion of the film ''Shutter Island (film), Shutter Island'' starring Leonardo DiCaprio in Taunton on location at the Whittenton Mills Complex.Filming locations for ''Shutter Island'' (2009)
Retrieved February 24, 2010.
''Surrogates'', starring Bruce Willis, was partly filmed in the city, at the old Paul Dever school.


Government

As the seat of
Bristol County Bristol () is a City status in the United Kingdom, city and Ceremonial counties of England, ceremonial county in England. With a population of 463,400, it is the most populous city in South West England. The wider Bristol Built-up Area, Bristo ...
, Taunton is home to many of the county's courthouses and administrative offices. These include the Taunton District Court, Bristol County Register of Deeds, and historic Bristol County Superior Courthouse. Taunton has a Mayor–council government, mayor–council government system in which the mayor, who is elected every two years, has executive power. The incumbent mayor, , became mayor of Taunton in January 2020. She is the first female mayor elected in Taunton's history. O'Connell's predecessor, Thomas Hoye Jr., resigned after being appointed Bristol County Register of Probate by Charlie Baker, Governor Charlie Baker. There has been some controversy regarding Hoye's appointment. The announcements of Hoye's appointment and O'Connell's mayoral campaign occurred simultaneously, just one day before nomination papers for public office were due. Various journalists and elected officials regarded Hoye's appointment as a "backroom deal" devised by Karyn Polito, Lieutenant Governor Karyn Polito to give O'Connell better chances of being elected mayor. The Taunton City Council is the legislative branch of government in Taunton. It is made up of nine members who represent the city at-large. Taunton residents may vote for a maximum of nine City Council candidates during municipal elections; the nine candidates with the most votes become councilors. Councilors are elected to two-year terms, and there is no limit on the number of terms an individual councilor may serve. Despite officially being nonpartisan, the ''de facto'' composition of the City Council is almost evenly split, consisting of five Democrats and four Republicans as of 2021. The leader of the City Council is the president, with the position rotating annually. Rather than being elected by the City Council, the most Seniority, senior member of the City Council who has not yet served as president is given the title. In addition to the City Council, there are four committees whose members are elected by voters to two-year terms: The School Committee, Zoning Board of Appeals, Planning Board, and TMLP Commission. Taunton has numerous other commissions and departments whose members are appointed by the mayor and subsequently confirmed or rejected by the City Council, e.g. the Airport Commission and Historic District Commission. Taunton is represented in the Massachusetts House of Representatives by three representatives: Carol Doherty (D-Massachusetts House of Representatives' 3rd Bristol district, Third Bristol), Patricia Haddad, Pat Haddad (D-Massachusetts House of Representatives' 5th Bristol district, Fifth Bristol), and Norman Orrall, Norm Orrall (R-Massachusetts House of Representatives' 12th Bristol district, Twelfth Bristol). Taunton is represented in the Massachusetts Senate by Marc Pacheco (D-Massachusetts Senate's 1st Plymouth and Bristol district, First Plymouth and Bristol district). Federally, Taunton is a part of Massachusetts's 4th congressional district, Massachusetts' 4th congressional district, which is represented by Jake Auchincloss. Taunton, like the rest of Massachusetts, is represented in the United States Senate, U.S. Senate by Elizabeth Warren and Ed Markey. Taunton is the hometown of many prominent political figures. Robert Treat Paine, a long-time Taunton resident, was a signer of the United States Declaration of Independence, Declaration of Independence and the first Massachusetts Attorney General, Attorney General of Massachusetts. Democratic political consultant Stephanie Cutter and former governor Marcus Morton also hail from Taunton. Taunton has been visited by twelve former List of presidents of the United States, U.S. presidents. Notably, Abraham Lincoln campaigned for Zachary Taylor in Taunton before the 1848 United States presidential election, 1848 presidential election, twelve years before Lincoln was 1860 United States presidential election, elected president himself. Most recently, Bill Clinton campaigned at Friedman Middle School ahead of Super Tuesday for Hillary Clinton 2016 presidential campaign, Hillary Clinton's 2016 presidential campaign. Camp Myles Standish, a former prisoner-of-war camp, prisoner of war camp and welcoming area for a million Allied soldiers during World War II, was once a candidate site for the United Nations, United Nations' headquarters.


Education

Education in Taunton ranges from preschool through post-secondary education.


Public primary and secondary

Taunton has nine public elementary schools and three public middle schools.


Elementary schools

*Edmund Hatch Bennett Elementary School *East Taunton Elementary School *Harold H. Galligan Elementary School *Hopewell Elementary School *Edward F. Leddy Elementary School *Joseph C. Chamberlain Elementary School *Elizabeth Pole Elementary School *Mulcahey Elementary School (formerly Mulcahey Middle School)


Middle schools

*Benjamin A. Friedman Middle School *Joseph H. Martin Middle School *John F. Parker Middle School


High schools

Taunton has three public high schools: Taunton High School, Taunton Alternative High School, and Bristol-Plymouth Regional Technical School. Closed former schools in Taunton include: *Lowell M. Maxham Elementary School (closed in June 2010) *Walker Elementary School (closed in June 2010) *Pole Elementary School (closed 2007) *Leonard Elementary School (closed 2009) *Barnum School (closed 2013) *Cohannet Middle School (closed in June 2000) *Summer Street School


Private schools

The city has one Catholic school of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Fall River, Our Lady of Lourdes School, in Weir Village,
Also at
Wicked Local Bridgewater.
serving grades PK-8. Bishop Connolly High School in Fall River, Massachusetts, Fall River serves as the local Catholic high school. - Since Coyle and Cassidy HS students were redirected to Connolly, as per the source, Connolly became the area Catholic high school. Taunton formerly had one Catholic middle-high school, Coyle and Cassidy School. Prior to 2014 it had only high school and a separate Taunton Catholic Middle School provided middle school, but that year the two merged into the Coyle and Cassidy building. Coyle and Cassidy closed in the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic and merged into Connolly, but Connolly did not take Coyle and Cassidy's middle school students, who were instead directed to Our Lady of Lourdes School. It also formerly housed St. Mary's Primary School, a Catholic elementary which opened in 1908. It was previously known as St. Mary's School and St. Mary's Elementary School. Circa 2008 its enrollment was about 266; this fell to 133 in 2018. The school closed that year. Principal Michael O'Brien stated that the state of the physical plant was one factor in the school's closure. The school did not have an elevator. In addition to the physical plant factor, the diocese also no longer wished to cover the school's expenses. In 2018 it was $500,000 in debt for salaries and other items, and it also had a $1.5 million debt for 2006-2014 medical/dental insurance costs.


Higher education

Taunton is home to a satellite campus of Bay State College at 101 Industrial Park Road serving Associate and bachelor's degrees to working professionals and career changers in the fields of business and management, criminal justice and medical assisting. It is also home to a satellite campus of Bristol Community College, which meets at the Silvercity Galleria and (formerly) Taunton Catholic Middle School. In addition, the city houses career schools such as the RobRoy Academy beauty school.


Media


Television and radio

Taunton has local Public, educational, and government access (PEG) cable TV channels which include the Public-access television Taunton Community Access and Media, Inc. (Comcast Channel 15; Verizon 22), Educational television Taunton Educational Network (Comcast Channel 9; Verizon 23) which is run by the Taunton High School TV Studio and Government-access television Taunton Municipal Network (Comcast Channel 17; Verizon 24). Comcast's Taunton system carries all Providence and Boston stations as well and both markets are available over-the-air. The two radio stations based in Taunton are AM 1530/ 99.7 FM WVBF (licensed to nearby Middleborough Center), which features local programming and the Talking Information Center out of Marshfield, a non-profit radio station serving the blind and print impaired population of Massachusetts; and WSNE-FM 93.3, which primarily serves the Providence radio market and has its studios in the city of Providence, Rhode Island, Providence. From 1949 until 2007, Taunton was also served by local radio station WPEP-AM 1570. However the station was silenced with the upgrade of Keating Wilcox's station also on 1570, in Beverly, Massachusetts. The city is now served by AM 1530/99.7 FM WVBF. Since August 2019, the station has been owned by Dean of the State Senate Marc R. Pacheco of Taunton, and programmed by longtime New England radio veteran Chris Keach, who started work at the station in 2010 when it was owned by Steven Callahan and managed by Tony Lopes. The AM signal now broadcasts with 5000 watts of power, and covers a large portion of Eastern Massachusetts and Rhode Island.


Newspapers

Taunton is served by several publications including the ''Silver City Bulletin'', ''Brockton Enterprise'', and the ''Taunton Daily Gazette''. Regional papers of importance such as the ''Boston Globe'', ''Boston Herald'', and ''Providence Journal'', are also widely available.


Internet

Some of the major Internet providers in Taunton are Comcast, EarthLink, SBC Yahoo! Dial, and Verizon. The Taunton Municipal Lighting Plant (TMLP), Taunton's Electrical power industry, electric company, is also an Internet service provider for the city and its surrounding towns.


Infrastructure


Fire department

Taunton has 127 firefighters on the Taunton Fire Department (TFD). The TFD currently operates out of five fire stations, located throughout the city, and operates a fire apparatus fleet of five engines, three ladders, one brush unit, one dive rescue unit, two fireboats, and several other special, support, and reserve units. The current Chief of Department is Timothy J. Bradshaw.


Healthcare and utilities

Taunton is home to the Morton Hospital and Medical Center, located on Washington Street, just north of the city center. Taunton State Hospital is a psychiatric hospital located on Hodges Avenue. One of its historic old buildings had to be brought down after it was severely damaged by fire in 2006. This hospital is now one of the very few mental health hospitals in Massachusetts for longer-term in-patient care of psychiatric patients. Electricity is provided to residents by the Taunton Municipal Lighting Plant (TMLP), located in the south end. The city has a municipal water system, with a treatment plant and water supply in nearby Lakeville, as well as a public sewer system with a treatment plant on West Water Street in the south end of the city, discharging into the
Taunton River The Taunton River (historically also called the "Taunton Great River"), is a river in southeastern Massachusetts in the United States. It arises from the confluence of the Town River and Matfield River, in the town of Bridgewater, Massachusett ...
.


Transportation

The Taunton Branch Railroad, Taunton Railway began in 1838 as the main rail transportation system, both industrial and passenger, connecting Taunton with points south, east, north, and west, including New Bedford, Massachusetts, New Bedford and Cape Cod, Fall River, Massachusetts, Fall River and Newport, Rhode Island, Newport, Somerset, Massachusetts, Somerset and Providence, Rhode Island, Providence, Attleboro, Massachusetts, Attleboro and Providence,
Mansfield Mansfield is a large market town and the administrative centre of Mansfield District Mansfield is a Non-metropolitan district, local government district in Nottinghamshire, England. History The district was formed on 1 April 1974, under the ...
and Boston, Stoughton, Massachusetts, Stoughton and Boston, Raynham Middleborough and Wareham, Massachusetts, Wareham as time went on. Taunton is the central highway hub of southeastern Massachusetts. Much of the eastern parts of the state's major highways intersect and/or run through the city, especially at its center. U.S. Route 44, US 44, Massachusetts Route 138, MA 138, and Massachusetts Route 140, MA 140 intersect at Taunton Green, the square at Taunton's center. MA 140 is also accessible from the eastern neighborhood of the city, popularly referred to as "East Taunton." Additionally, Route 24 (Massachusetts), MA 24 and MA 140 intersect near East Taunton, and it is at that junction that Route 140 ceases to be a 2-lane divided freeway from the south and becomes a smaller state highway to the north. Interstate 495 (Massachusetts), Interstate 495 runs through the northern portion of Taunton, unofficially referred to as "North Taunton", and parallel to Myles Standish Industrial Park, Taunton's main industrial park. Various smaller routes run through other parts of the city. These include a small portion of Massachusetts Route 104, MA 104, close to the Taunton-Raynham city limits, and Massachusetts Route 79, MA 79, close to the Taunton-Berkley-Lakeville (Plymouth County, Massachusetts, Plymouth County) city-town-county limits. Taunton is the western terminus of MA 104. It merges into US 44 after entering the city. Several CSX freight rails pass through the city on their way towards Fall River, New Bedford and a link-up with the line in Middleborough. There are plans being worked on to link parts of this rail with the Stoughton line of the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority, MBTA commuter rail system to Boston. The Greater Attleboro Taunton Regional Transit Authority, or GATRA, provides bus Public transport, mass transit. Taunton has its own Taunton Municipal Airport, municipal airport, serving mostly smaller craft and occasional commuter jets. The nearest airport with national airline service is T.F. Green Airport in Rhode Island, and the nearest international service is at Logan International Airport in Boston.


Notable people


Sister cities

Taunton is a sister city of: *
Taunton Taunton () is the county town of Somerset, England, with a 2011 population of 69,570. Its thousand-year history includes a 10th-century monastic foundation, Taunton Castle, which later became a priory. The Normans built a castle owned by the Bi ...
,
Somerset ( en, All The People of Somerset) , locator_map = , coordinates = , region = South West England South West England is one of nine official regions of England The regions, formerly known as the government office regions, are the ...

Somerset
, England, United Kingdom * Angra do Heroismo, Terceira, Azores, Portugal * Lagoa (Azores), São Miguel Island, Sao Miguel, Azores, Portugal


See also

* List of mill towns in Massachusetts


Notes


References

* ''History of Taunton, Massachusetts from Its Settlement to the Present Time'' by Samuel Hopkins Emery, published 1893.


External links


City of Taunton official website

Taunton Area Chamber of Commerce



''Massachusetts Historical Commission Reconnaissance Survey Report on Taunton''.
Good Federally funded review of Taunton's history, especially its industrial history. Published 1981. * History of Taunton, Massachusetts, from its settlement to the present time, by Samuel Hopkins Emery 1893

* Duane Hamilton Hurd, ''History of Bristol County, Massachusetts: With Biographical Sketches of Many Pioneers and Prominent Men.'
Part 1.Part 2.Taunton Chapter 58 page 728.
Published 1883. * Wall & Gray. 187
Taunton
* City of Taunton, Mass. 1875. Panoramic Map by O.H. Bailey at Library of Congress

{{authority control Taunton, Massachusetts, Cities in Bristol County, Massachusetts Cities in Massachusetts County seats in Massachusetts Populated places established in 1637 Providence metropolitan area 1637 establishments in Massachusetts