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4,712,581 (2015)

* Ranked 4th nationally * Ranked 6th globally

DIRECTOR Frances Morris

PUBLIC TRANSIT ACCESS Blackfriars

WEBSITE tate.org.uk/modern

TATE

* Tate
Tate
Britain * Tate
Tate
Liverpool * Tate
Tate
Modern * Tate
Tate
St Ives

TATE MODERN is a modern art gallery located in London. It is Britain's national gallery of international modern art and forms part of the Tate
Tate
group (together with Tate
Tate
Britain , Tate
Tate
Liverpool , Tate St Ives and Tate
Tate
Online ). It is based in the former Bankside
Bankside
Power Station , in the Bankside
Bankside
area of the London Borough of Southwark . Tate
Tate
holds the national collection of British art from 1900 to the present day and international modern and contemporary art. Tate Modern is one of the largest museums of modern and contemporary art in the world. As with the UK's other national galleries and museums, there is no admission charge for access to the collection displays, which take up the majority of the gallery space, while tickets must be purchased for the major temporary exhibitions.

CONTENTS

* 1 History

* 1.1 Bankside
Bankside
Power Station * 1.2 Initial redevelopment * 1.3 Opening and initial reception

* 1.4 Extension project

* 1.4.1 The Tanks * 1.4.2 The Switch House

* 2 Galleries

* 3 Exhibitions

* 3.1 Collection exhibitions

* 3.1.1 History of the collection exhibitions

* 3.2 Temporary exhibitions

* 3.2.1 The Turbine Hall
Turbine Hall
* 3.2.2 Major temporary exhibitions * 3.2.3 The Tanks * 3.2.4 Project Space * 3.2.5 Other areas

* 4 Other facilities

* 5 Access and environs

* 5.1 Transport connections

* 6 Directors

* 7 Controversies

* 7.1 Liberate Tate
Tate
from BP

* 8 Selections from the permanent collection of paintings * 9 See also * 10 References * 11 External links

HISTORY

BANKSIDE POWER STATION

Main article: Bankside
Bankside
Power Station The Turbine Hall
Turbine Hall

Tate
Tate
Modern is housed in the former Bankside
Bankside
Power Station , which was originally designed by Sir Giles Gilbert Scott
Giles Gilbert Scott
, the architect of Battersea Power Station
Battersea Power Station
, and built in two stages between 1947 and 1963. It is directly across the river from St Paul\'s Cathedral . The power station closed in 1981.

Prior to redevelopment, the power station was a 200 m (660 ft) long, steel framed , brick clad building with a substantial central chimney standing 99 m (325 ft). The structure was roughly divided into three main areas each running east-west - the huge main turbine hall in the centre, with the boiler house to the north and the switch house to the south.

INITIAL REDEVELOPMENT

For many years after closure Bankside
Bankside
Power station was at risk of being demolished by developers. Many people campaigned for the building to be saved and put forward suggestions for possible new uses. An application to list the building was refused. In April 1994 the Tate
Tate
Gallery announced that Bankside
Bankside
would be the home for the new Tate
Tate
Modern. In July of the same year, an international competition was launched to select an architect for the new gallery. Jacques Herzog and Pierre de Meuron of Herzog "> Panoramic view from Tate Modern balcony

The history of the site as well as information about the conversion was the basis for a 2008 documentary Architects Herzog and de Meuron: Alchemy of Building £7 million from the London Development Agency ; £6 million from philanthropist John Studzinski ; and donations from, among others, the Sultanate of Oman and Elisabeth Murdoch .

In June 2013, international shipping and property magnate Eyal Ofer pledged £10m to the extension project, making it to 85% of the required funds. Eyal Ofer, chairman of London-based Zodiac Maritime Agencies, said the donation made through his family foundation would enable "an iconic institution to enhance the experience and accessibility of contemporary art". The Tate
Tate
director, Nicholas Serota, praised the donation saying it would help to make Tate
Tate
Modern a "truly twenty-first-century museum".

The Tanks

The first phase of the expansion involved the conversion of three large, circular, underground oil tanks originally used by the power station into accessible display spaces and facilities areas. These opened on 18 July 2012 and closed on 28 October 2012 as work on the tower building continued directly above. They reopened following the completion of the Switch House extension on 17 June 2016.

Two of the Tanks are used to show live performance art and installations while the third provides utility space. Tate
Tate
describes them as "the world's first museum galleries permanently dedicated to live art".

The Switch House

Exterior of the Switch House

A ten-storey tower, 65 metres high from ground level, was built above the oil tanks.

The original western half of the Switch House was demolished to make room for the tower and then rebuilt around it with large gallery spaces and access routes between the main building and the new tower on level 1 (ground level) and level 4. The new galleries on level 4 have natural top lighting. A bridge built across the turbine hall on level 4 to provides an upper access route.

The new building opened to the public on 17 June 2016.

The design, again by Herzog "> A gallery at Tate
Tate
Modern.

The main collection displays consist of 8 areas with a named theme or subject. Within each area there are some rooms that change periodically showing different works in keeping with the overall theme or subject. The themes are changed less frequently. There is no admission charge for these areas.

As of June 2016 the themed areas were:

* Start Display: A three-room display of works by major artists to introduce the basic ideas of modern art. * Artist and Society * In The Studio * Materials and Objects * Media Networks * Between Object and Architecture * Performer and Participant * Living Cities

There is also an area dedicated to displaying works from the Artist Rooms collection.

History Of The Collection Exhibitions

Chimney of Tate
Tate
Modern. The Swiss Light at its top was designed by Michael Craig-Martin
Michael Craig-Martin
and the architects Herzog max-width:308px"> Ólafur Elíasson , The Weather Project (2004) Rachel Whiteread
Rachel Whiteread
, EMBANKMENT (2005)

The Turbine Hall
Turbine Hall
, which once housed the electricity generators of the old power station, is five storeys tall with 3,400 square metres of floorspace. It is used to display large specially-commissioned works by contemporary artists, between October and March each year. This series was planned to last the gallery's first five years, but the popularity of the series led to its extension until 2012.

The artists who have exhibited commissioned work in the Turbine Hall as part of the Unilever
Unilever
series are:

DATE ARTIST WORK(S) DETAILS

May 2000 – November 2000 Louise Bourgeois
Louise Bourgeois
I Do, I Undo, I Redo About

June 2001 – March 2002 Juan Muñoz
Juan Muñoz
Double Bind About

October 2002 – April 2003 Anish Kapoor
Anish Kapoor
Marsyas About

October 2003 – March 2004 Olafur Eliasson
Olafur Eliasson
The Weather Project About

October 2004 – May 2005 Bruce Nauman Raw Materials About

October 2005 – May 2006 Rachel Whiteread
Rachel Whiteread
EMBANKMENT About

October 2006 – April 2007 Carsten Höller Test Site About

October 2007 – April 2008 Doris Salcedo Shibboleth About

October 2008 – April 2009 Dominique Gonzalez-Foerster TH.2058 About

October 2009 – April 2010 Miroslaw Balka
Miroslaw Balka
How It Is About

October 2010 – April 2011 Ai Weiwei Sunflower Seeds About

October 2011 – March 2012 Tacita Dean
Tacita Dean
Film About

July 2012 – October 2012 Tino Sehgal These associations About

Until 2012, the series was named after its corporate sponsor, Unilever
Unilever
. Between 2000 and 2012, Unilever
Unilever
had provided £4.4m sponsorship in total including a renewal deal of £2.2m for a period of five years agreed in 2008.

When the series is not running, the Turbine Hall
Turbine Hall
is used for occasional events and exhibitions. Most recently it has been used to display Damien Hirst 's For The Love Of God and a sell out show by Kraftwerk
Kraftwerk
in February 2013 which crashed the ticket hotline and website, causing a backlash from the band's fans.

In 2013, Tate
Tate
Modern signed a sponsorship deal worth around £5 million with Hyundai
Hyundai
to cover a ten-year program of commissions, then considered the largest amount of money ever provided to an individual gallery or museum in the United Kingdom. The first commission for the Hyundai
Hyundai
series is Mexican artist, Abraham Cruzvillegas
Abraham Cruzvillegas
.

The artists who have exhibited commissioned work in the Turbine Hall as part of the Hyundai
Hyundai
series thus far are:

DATE ARTIST WORK(S) DETAILS

13 October 2015 – 3 April 2016 Abraham Cruzvillegas
Abraham Cruzvillegas
Empty Lot About

4 October 2016 – 2 April 2017 Philippe Parreno Title TK About

Major Temporary Exhibitions

Two wings of the Boiler House are used to stage the major temporary exhibitions for which an entry fee is charged. These exhibitions normally run for three or four months. When they were located on a single floor, the two exhibition areas could be combined to host a single exhibition. This was done for the Gilbert and George retrospective due to the size and number of the works. Currently the two wings used are on level 3. It is not known if this arrangement is permanent. Each major exhibition has a dedicated mini-shop selling books and merchandise relevant to the exhibition.

A 2014 show of Henri Matisse
Henri Matisse
provided Tate
Tate
Modern with London’s best-attended charging exhibition, and with a record 562,622 visitors overall, helped by a nearly five-month-long run.

The Tanks

The Tanks, located on level 0, are three large underground oil tanks, connecting spaces and side rooms originally used by the power station and refurbished for use by the gallery. One tank is used to display installation and video art specially commissioned for the space while smaller areas are used to show installation and video art from the collection.

Project Space

The Project Space (formerly known as the Level 2 Gallery) was a smaller gallery located on the north side of the Boiler House on level 1 which housed exhibitions of contemporary art in collaboration with other international art organisations. Its exhibitions typically ran for 2–3 months and then travelled to the collaborating institution for display there. The space was only accessible by leaving the building and re-entering using a dedicated entrance. It is no longer used as gallery space.

Other Areas

Works are also sometimes shown in the restaurants and members' rooms. Other locations that have been used in the past include the mezzanine on Level 1 and the north facing exterior of the Boiler House building.

OTHER FACILITIES

In addition to exhibition space there are a number of other facilities:

* A large performance space in one of the tanks on level 0 used to show a changing programme of performance works for which there is sometimes an entrance charge. * The Starr Auditorium and a seminar room on level 1 which are used to show films and host events for which there is usually an entrance charge. * The Clore Education Centre, Clore Information Room and McAulay Studios on level 0 which are facilities for use by visiting educational institutions. * One large and several small shops selling books, prints and merchandise. * A cafe, an espresso bar, a restaurant and bar and a members' room. * Tate
Tate
Modern community garden, co-managed with Bankside
Bankside
Open Spaces Trust

ACCESS AND ENVIRONS

Tate
Tate
Modern on the opening day of the Millennium Bridge in 2000

The closest station is Blackfriars via its new south entrance. Other nearby stations include Southwark
Southwark
, as well as St Paul\'s and Mansion House north of the river which can be reached via the Millennium Bridge . The lampposts between Southwark tube station and Tate
Tate
Modern are painted orange to show pedestrian visitors the route.

There is also a riverboat pier just outside the gallery called Bankside
Bankside
Pier , with connections to the Docklands and Greenwich
Greenwich
via regular passenger boat services (commuter service) and the Tate
Tate
to Tate
Tate
service, which connects Tate
Tate
Modern with Tate
Tate
Britain.

To the west of Tate
Tate
Modern lie the sleek stone and glass Ludgate House, the former headquarters of Express Newspapers and Sampson House , a massive late Brutalist office building.

TRANSPORT CONNECTIONS

SERVICE STATION/STOP LINES/ROUTES SERVED Distance from Tate
Tate
Modern

London Buses Southwark
Southwark
Street / Blackfriars Road RV1 0.2 mile walk

Blackfriars Bridge
Blackfriars Bridge
381 , N343 , N381 0.2 mile walk

Blackfriars Bridge
Blackfriars Bridge
/ South Side 45 , 63 , 100 , N63 , N89 0.2 mile walk

Southwark
Southwark
Bridge / Bankside
Bankside
Pier 344 0.4 mile walk

London Underground
London Underground
Southwark
Southwark

0.4 mile walk

National Rail Blackfriars Thameslink , Southeastern 0.5 mile walk

London Bridge
London Bridge
Thameslink , Southern , Southeastern 0.7 mile walk

London River Services Bankside
Bankside
Pier Commuter Service Tate
Tate
to Tate
Tate
Westminster to St Katharine\'s Circular

* At the exit of Southwark
Southwark
tube station, orange lamposts direct visitors to Tate
Tate
Modern.

DIRECTORS

Frances Morris ' appointment as director was announced in January 2016.

* Lars Nittve (1998–2001) * Vicente Todolí (2003–2010) * Chris Dercon (2010–2016) * Frances Morris (2016–)

CONTROVERSIES

LIBERATE TATE FROM BP

Since 2010 there have been 14 protest art performances by the art collective Liberate Tate
Tate
demanding the Tate
Tate
to “disengage from BP as a sponsor, and stop allowing Tate
Tate
to be used to deflect attention away from the devastating impacts that BP has around the world.” BP is criticized for operations in relation with Petroleum exploration in the Arctic , the Deepwater Horizon oil spill
Deepwater Horizon oil spill
, Oil sands and climate change . The artists involved in the protests are referring to a deal between BP and the Tate: BP pays £224,000 a year to the Tate. The Tate
Tate
presents the brand BP in return. In June 2015 a group of artists occupied Tate
Tate
Modern for 25 hours.

SELECTIONS FROM THE PERMANENT COLLECTION OF PAINTINGS

*

Albert Gleizes , 1911, Portrait de Jacques Nayral , oil on canvas, 161.9 x 114 cm. This painting was reproduced in Fantasio: published 15 October 1911, for the occasion of the Salon d\'Automne where it was exhibited the same year. *

Georges Braque , 1909–10, La guitare (Mandora, La Mandore), oil on canvas, 71.1 x 55.9 cm *

Pablo Picasso
Pablo Picasso
, 1909–10, Figure dans un Fauteuil (Seated Nude, Femme nue assise), oil on canvas, 92.1 x 73 cm. This painting from the collection of Wilhelm Uhde was confiscated by the French state and sold at the Hôtel Drouot in 1921 *

Robert Delaunay
Robert Delaunay
, 1912, Windows Open Simultaneously (First Part, Third Motif), oil on canvas, 45.7 x 37.5 cm *

Juan Gris
Juan Gris
, 1914, The Sunblind, collage and oil on canvas, 92 × 72.5 cm *

Ernst Ludwig Kirchner
Ernst Ludwig Kirchner
, 1909/1926, Badende bei Moritzburg (Bathers at Moritzburg) *

Paul Klee , 1921, Abenteuer eines Fräuleins (A Young Lady's Adventure), watercolor on paper, 43.8 × 30.8 cm *

Paul Klee , 1935, Walpurgisnacht (Walpurgian Night) *

Robert Delaunay
Robert Delaunay
, 1934, Endless Rhythm

SEE ALSO

* List of museums in London

REFERENCES

* ^ "Visits made in 2015 to visitor attractions in membership with ALVA". ALVA. Retrieved 9 March 2016. * ^ A B Latest Visitor Figures, ALVA, 2014. Retrieved on 10 July 2014. * ^ Top 100 Art Museum Attendance, The Art Newspaper , 2014. Retrieved on 10 July 2014. * ^ "History and development Tate
Tate
On-line". Tate.org.uk. Retrieved 2013-01-08. * ^ "About". Tate. Retrieved 2013-01-08. * ^ A B " Tate
Tate
Modern builders Carillion
Carillion
win £400m Battersea Power Station contract". Your local Guardian. 23 May 2013. Retrieved 27 September 2013. * ^ "2000: Sneak preview of new Tate
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Modern". BBC. Retrieved 15 June 2016. * ^ A B " Tate
Tate
Modern. Nought to Sixteen. A History". Art Review. 2016. * ^ A B Tate
Tate
Guide, August–September 2012 * ^ "Vision". Tate. Retrieved 2012-08-15. * ^ Riding, Alan (26 July 2006). " Tate
Tate
Modern Announces Plans for an Annex". The New York Times. Retrieved 26 July 2006. * ^ " Tate
Tate
Modern extension". Retrieved 22 February 2017. * ^ Tate
Tate
Modern\'s chaotic pyramid, The Times
The Times
, 26 July 2006. URL accessed on 26 July 2006. * ^ Farah Nayeri (April 20, 2012), Murdoch’s Daughter Elisabeth Gives Tate
Tate
at Least $1.6 MlnBloomberg . * ^ Pickford, James (2013-07-02). " Eyal Ofer donates £10m to Tate Modern extension". FT.com. Retrieved 2014-01-12. * ^ Mark Brown, arts correspondent (2 July 2013). " Tate
Tate
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Tate
Modern Visitor Map June 2016 * ^ "The Tanks: Art in Action". Tate. Retrieved 2013-01-08. * ^ "Environmental Statement non technical summary". Tate. Retrieved 2014-09-25. * ^ "The new Tate
Tate
Modern opening weekend - Special
Special
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Herzog & de Meuron
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Unilever
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Tate
seeks new sponsor for Turbine Hall
Turbine Hall
commissions The Art Newspaper . * ^ "Damien Hirst\'s iconic For the Love of God to be shown in Tate Modern’s Turbine Hall". Tate. 2011-11-21. Retrieved 2012-08-15. * ^ xMartin Bailey (January 20, 2014), Tate
Tate
signs £5m sponsorship with Hyundai
Hyundai
The Art Newspaper . * ^ " Hyundai
Hyundai
Commission 2015: Abraham Cruzvillegas". Retrieved 23 January 2015. * ^ " Hyundai
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Maps . Google. Retrieved 28 February 2012. * ^ Google
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Modern". the Guardian. Retrieved 22 January 2016. * ^ The Guardian, Climate activists leave Tate
Tate
Modern after all-night protest against BP * ^ ’’Liberate Tate’’

EXTERNAL LINKS

Wikimedia Commons has media related to TATE MODERN .

* Official website

.