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The Tasman Sea
Tasman Sea
(Māori: Te Tai-o-Rehua[1]) is a marginal sea of the South Pacific Ocean, situated between Australia
Australia
and New Zealand. It measures about 2,000 kilometres (1,200 mi) across and about 2,800 kilometres (1,700 mi) from north to south. The sea was named after the Dutch explorer Abel Janszoon Tasman, who was the first recorded European to encounter New Zealand
New Zealand
and Tasmania. The British explorer Captain James Cook
James Cook
later extensively navigated the Tasman Sea in the 1770s as part of his first voyage of exploration.[2] The Tasman Sea
Tasman Sea
is informally referred to in both Australian and New Zealand English as The Ditch; for example, crossing the Ditch means travelling to Australia
Australia
from New Zealand, or vice versa. The diminutive term "The Ditch" used for the Tasman Sea
Tasman Sea
is comparable to referring to the North Atlantic Ocean
North Atlantic Ocean
as "The Pond".

Contents

1 Geography

1.1 Extent 1.2 Ridge 1.3 Islands 1.4 Adjoining bodies of water

2 History 3 See also 4 References 5 External links

Geography[edit] Extent[edit] The International Hydrographic Organization
International Hydrographic Organization
defines the limits of the Tasman Sea
Tasman Sea
as follows:[3]

On the West. A line from Gabo Island
Gabo Island
(near Cape Howe, 37°30'S) to the Northeast point of East Sister Island (148°E) thence along the 148th meridian to Flinders Island; beyond this Island a line running to the Eastward of the Vansittart Shoals to [Cape] Barren Island, and from Cape Barren (the Easternmost point of [Cape] Barren Island) to Eddystone Point (41°S) in Tasmania, thence along the East coast to South East Cape, the Southern point of Tasmania. On the North. The parallel of 30°S from the Australian coast Eastward as far as a line joining the East extremities of Elizabeth Reef
Elizabeth Reef
and South East Rock (31°47′S 159°18′E / 31.783°S 159.300°E / -31.783; 159.300) then to the Southward along this line to the South East Rock [an outlier of Lord Howe Island]. On the Northeast. From the South East Rock to the North point of Three Kings Islands (34°10′S 172°10′E / 34.167°S 172.167°E / -34.167; 172.167) thence to North Cape in New Zealand. On the East.

In Cook Strait. A line joining the South extreme of the foul ground off Cape Palliser
Cape Palliser
(Ngawi) and the Lighthouse on Cape Campbell (Te Karaka). In Foveaux Strait
Foveaux Strait
(46°45'S). A line joining the Light on Waipapapa Point [sic] (168°33'E) with East Head (47'02'S) of Stewart Island (Rakiura).

On the Southeast. A line running from South West Cape, Stewart Island, through The Snares (48°S, 166°30'E) to North West Cape, Auckland Island (50°30′S 166°10′E / 50.500°S 166.167°E / -50.500; 166.167), through this island to its Southern point. On the South. A line joining the Southern point of Auckland
Auckland
Island (50°55′S 166°0′E / 50.917°S 166.000°E / -50.917; 166.000) to South East Cape, the Southern point of Tasmania.

Ridge[edit]

Smoke from the Black Saturday bushfires
Black Saturday bushfires
crosses the southern Tasman Sea

The Tasman Sea's mid-ocean ridge developed between 85 and 55 million years ago as Australia
Australia
and Zealandia broke apart during the breakup of supercontinent Gondwana. It lies roughly midway between the continental margins of Australia
Australia
and Zealandia. Much of Zealandia is submerged, so the ridge runs much closer to the Australian coast than New Zealand's. Islands[edit] The Tasman Sea
Tasman Sea
features a number of mid-sea island groups, quite apart from coastal islands located near the Australian and New Zealand mainlands:

Lord Howe Island
Lord Howe Island
(part of New South Wales) Ball's Pyramid
Ball's Pyramid
(part of New South Wales) Norfolk Island, in the extreme north of the Tasman Sea, on the border with the Coral Sea
Coral Sea
(External Territory) Middleton Reef
Middleton Reef
(part of Coral Sea
Coral Sea
Islands Territory) Elizabeth Reef
Elizabeth Reef
(part of Coral Sea
Coral Sea
Islands Territory)

Adjoining bodies of water[edit]

North: Coral Sea Northeast and East: Pacific Ocean South and Southeast: Southern Ocean West: Bass Strait

History[edit] Moncrieff and Hood
Moncrieff and Hood
were the first to attempt to a Trans-Tasman crossing by plane in 1928. The first successful flight over the sea was accomplished by Charles Kingsford Smith
Charles Kingsford Smith
later that year. The first person to row solo across the sea was Colin Quincey in 1977. The next successful solo crossing was completed by his son, Shaun Quincey in 2010.[4] See also[edit]

Australia
Australia
portal New Zealand
New Zealand
portal

Axis naval activity in New Zealand
New Zealand
waters Crossing the Ditch List of seas

References[edit]

^ Rāwiri Taonui. Tapa whenua – naming places – Events, maps and European influences, Te Ara – the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, Ministry for Culture and Heritage. ISBN 978-0-478-18451-8. Updated 1 March 2009. Retrieved 24 February 2011 ^ "Tasman Sea". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 19 September 2013.  ^ "Limits of Oceans and Seas, 3rd edition" (PDF). International Hydrographic Organization. 1953. p. 36. Retrieved 23 September 2016.  ^ Anne Barrowclough (14 March 2010). "Kiwi becomes second person to row across the Tasman Sea". Times Online. Times Newspapers. Retrieved 22 May 2011. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Tasman Sea
Tasman Sea
at Wikimedia Commons

v t e

List of Australian seas

Ocean

Indian Ocean Pacific Ocean Southern Ocean

Sea

Arafura Sea Coral Sea Tasman Sea Timor Sea

Strait

Backstairs Passage Bass Strait Clarence Strait Dundas Strait Endeavour Strait Investigator Strait Torres Strait

Gulf

Admiralty Gulf Beagle Gulf Cambridge Gulf Gulf of Carpentaria Great Australian Bight Exmouth Gulf Joseph Bonaparte Gulf Gulf St Vincent Spencer Gulf Van Diemen Gulf

v t e

Earth's oceans and seas

Arctic Ocean

Amundsen Gulf Barents Sea Beaufort Sea Chukchi Sea East Siberian Sea Greenland Sea Gulf of Boothia Kara Sea Laptev Sea Lincoln Sea Prince Gustav Adolf Sea Pechora Sea Queen Victoria Sea Wandel Sea White Sea

Atlantic Ocean

Adriatic Sea Aegean Sea Alboran Sea Archipelago Sea Argentine Sea Baffin Bay Balearic Sea Baltic Sea Bay of Biscay Bay of Bothnia Bay of Campeche Bay of Fundy Black Sea Bothnian Sea Caribbean Sea Celtic Sea English Channel Foxe Basin Greenland Sea Gulf of Bothnia Gulf of Finland Gulf of Lion Gulf of Guinea Gulf of Maine Gulf of Mexico Gulf of Saint Lawrence Gulf of Sidra Gulf of Venezuela Hudson Bay Ionian Sea Irish Sea Irminger Sea James Bay Labrador Sea Levantine Sea Libyan Sea Ligurian Sea Marmara Sea Mediterranean Sea Myrtoan Sea North Sea Norwegian Sea Sargasso Sea Sea of Åland Sea of Azov Sea of Crete Sea of the Hebrides Thracian Sea Tyrrhenian Sea Wadden Sea

Indian Ocean

Andaman Sea Arabian Sea Bali Sea Bay of Bengal Flores Sea Great Australian Bight Gulf of Aden Gulf of Aqaba Gulf of Khambhat Gulf of Kutch Gulf of Oman Gulf of Suez Java Sea Laccadive Sea Mozambique Channel Persian Gulf Red Sea Timor Sea

Pacific Ocean

Arafura Sea Banda Sea Bering Sea Bismarck Sea Bohai Sea Bohol Sea Camotes Sea Celebes Sea Ceram Sea Chilean Sea Coral Sea East China Sea Gulf of Alaska Gulf of Anadyr Gulf of California Gulf of Carpentaria Gulf of Fonseca Gulf of Panama Gulf of Thailand Gulf of Tonkin Halmahera Sea Koro Sea Mar de Grau Molucca Sea Moro Gulf Philippine Sea Salish Sea Savu Sea Sea of Japan Sea of Okhotsk Seto Inland Sea Shantar Sea Sibuyan Sea Solomon Sea South China Sea Sulu Sea Tasman Sea Visayan Sea Yellow Sea

Southern Ocean

Amundsen Sea Bellingshausen Sea Cooperation Sea Cosmonauts Sea Davis Sea D'Urville Sea King Haakon VII Sea Lazarev Sea Mawson Sea Riiser-Larsen Sea Ross Sea Scotia Sea Somov Sea Weddell Sea

Landlocked seas

Aral Sea Caspian Sea Dead Sea Salton Sea

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Coordinates: 40°S 160°E / 40°S 160°E / -40; 160

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 245388

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