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The TASMAN SEA (Māori : Te Tai-o-Rehua ) is a marginal sea of the South Pacific Ocean , situated between Australia
Australia
and New Zealand
New Zealand
. It measures about 2,000 kilometres (1,200 mi) across and about 2,800 kilometres (1,700 mi) from north to south. The sea was named after the Dutch explorer Abel Janszoon Tasman , who was the first recorded European to encounter New Zealand
New Zealand
and Tasmania
Tasmania
. The British explorer Captain James Cook
James Cook
later extensively navigated the Tasman Sea
Tasman Sea
in the 1770s as part of his first voyage of exploration.

The Tasman Sea
Tasman Sea
is informally referred to in both Australian and New Zealand English as THE DITCH; for example, crossing the Ditch means travelling to Australia
Australia
from New Zealand, or vice versa. The diminutive term "The Ditch" used for the Tasman Sea
Tasman Sea
is comparable to referring to the North Atlantic Ocean as "The Pond".

CONTENTS

* 1 Geography

* 1.1 Extent * 1.2 Ridge * 1.3 Islands * 1.4 Adjoining bodies of water

* 2 History * 3 See also * 4 References * 5 External links

GEOGRAPHY

EXTENT

The International Hydrographic Organization
International Hydrographic Organization
defines the limits of the Tasman Sea
Tasman Sea
as follows:

On the West. A line from Gabo Island (near Cape Howe , 37°30'S) to the Northeast point of East Sister Island (148°E) thence along the 148th meridian to Flinders Island
Flinders Island
; beyond this Island a line running to the Eastward of the Vansittart Shoals to Barren Island , and from Cape Barren (the Easternmost point of Barren Island) to Eddystone Point (41°S) in Tasmania
Tasmania
, thence along the East coast to South East Cape , the Southern point of Tasmania.

On the North. The parallel of 30°S from the Australian coast Eastward as far as a line joining the East extremities of Elizabeth Reef and South East Rock (31°47′S 159°18′E / 31.783°S 159.300°E / -31.783; 159.300 ) then to the Southward along this line to the South East Rock .

On the Northeast. From the South East Rock to the North point of Three Kings Islands (34°10′S 172°10′E / 34.167°S 172.167°E / -34.167; 172.167 ) thence to North Cape in New Zealand.

On the East.

* In Cook Strait
Cook Strait
. A line joining the South extreme of the foul ground off Cape Palliser (Ngawi ) and the Lighthouse on Cape Campbell (Te Karaka). * In Foveaux Strait (46°45'S). A line joining the Light on Waipapapa Point (168°33'E) with East Head (47'02'S) of Stewart Island (Rakiura) .

On the Southeast. A line running from South West Cape , Stewart Island, through The Snares (48°S, 166°30'E) to North West Cape, Auckland
Auckland
Island (50°30′S 166°10′E / 50.500°S 166.167°E / -50.500; 166.167 ), through this island to its Southern point.

On the South. A line joining the Southern point of Auckland
Auckland
Island (50°55′S 166°0′E / 50.917°S 166.000°E / -50.917; 166.000 ) to South East Cape, the Southern point of Tasmania.

RIDGE

Smoke from the Black Saturday bushfires
Black Saturday bushfires
crosses the southern Tasman Sea
Tasman Sea

The Tasman Sea's mid-ocean ridge developed between 85 and 55 million years ago as Australia
Australia
and Zealandia broke apart during the breakup of supercontinent Gondwana
Gondwana
. It lies roughly midway between the continental margins of Australia
Australia
and Zealandia. Much of Zealandia is submerged, so the ridge runs much closer to the Australian coast than New Zealand's.

ISLANDS

The Tasman Sea
Tasman Sea
features a number of mid-sea island groups, quite apart from coastal islands located near the Australian and New Zealand mainlands:

* Lord Howe Island
Lord Howe Island
(part of New South Wales) * Ball\'s Pyramid (part of New South Wales) * Norfolk Island
Norfolk Island
, in the extreme north of the Tasman Sea, on the border with the Coral Sea
Coral Sea
(External Territory) * Middleton Reef (part of Coral Sea
Coral Sea
Islands Territory ) * Elizabeth Reef
Elizabeth Reef
(part of Coral Sea
Coral Sea
Islands Territory )

ADJOINING BODIES OF WATER

* North: Coral Sea
Coral Sea
* Northeast and East: Pacific Ocean * South and Southeast: Southern Ocean
Southern Ocean
* West: Bass Strait

HISTORY

Moncrieff and Hood
Moncrieff and Hood
were the first to attempt to a Trans-Tasman crossing by plane in 1928. The first successful flight over the sea was accomplished by Charles Kingsford Smith later that year. The first person to row solo across the sea was Colin Quincey in 1977. The next successful solo crossing was completed by his son, Shaun Quincey in 2010.

SEE ALSO

* Australia
Australia
portal * New Zealand
New Zealand
portal

* Axis naval activity in New Zealand
New Zealand
waters * Crossing the Ditch * List of seas

REFERENCES

* ^ Rāwiri Taonui. Tapa whenua – naming places – Events, maps and European influences, Te Ara – the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, Ministry for Culture and Heritage. ISBN 978-0-478-18451-8 . Updated 1 March 2009. Retrieved 24 February 2011 * ^ "Tasman Sea". Encyclopædia Britannica
Encyclopædia Britannica
. Retrieved 19 September 2013. * ^ "Limits of Oceans and Seas, 3rd edition" (PDF). International Hydrographic Organization . 1953. p. 36. Retrieved 23 September 2016. * ^ Anne Barrowclough (14 March 2010). "Kiwi becomes second person to row across the Tasman Sea". Times Online. Times Newspapers. Retrieved 22 May 2011.

EXTERNAL LINKS

* Media related to Tasman Sea
Tasman Sea
at Wikimedia Commons

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