Tarabai Modak (19 April[1] 1892-1973) was born in Mumbai. She graduated from the University of Mumbai in 1914. She was married to a lawyer from Amravati, Mr. Modak. Later she got a divorce in 1921. She worked as a principal of a Women's College in Rajkot. Social worker from Vidarbha region of Maharashtra. Balwadis were first developed her, the first balwadi was started in Bordi a coastal village in Thane district of Maharashtra by Nutan Bal Shikshan Sangh.[2][3] She was awarded Padma Bhushan in 1962 for her work in preschool education.[4] Anutai Wagh was her disciple. She was a member of the Indian National Congress.


A play based on her life, Ghar Tighancha Hava, was produced by Ratnakar Matkari.[5]

See also


  1. ^ Sena, Maharashtra Navnirman (2009). "Tarabai Modak: India's 'Montessori' and the country's first pre-schooling expert known as "Montessori Mother"". Archived from the original on 27 Sep 2010. Retrieved 16 October 2010. 
  2. ^ Singh. Preschool Education. APH Publishing. p. 7. ISBN 978-81-7648-757-3. Retrieved 17 July 2012. 
  3. ^ R.P. Shukla (1 January 2004). Early Childhood Care And Education. Sarup & Sons. p. 106. ISBN 978-81-7625-474-8. Retrieved 16 July 2012. 
  4. ^ "Padma Awards" (PDF). Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2015. Retrieved July 21, 2015. 
  5. ^ Rubin, Don (1998). The World Encyclopedia of Contemporary Theatre: Asia. Taylor & Francis. p. 197. ISBN 978-0-415-05933-6. Retrieved 16 October 2010.